Newspaper Page Text
7 r TWEXTY THIKD YEAR.- Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN.. SATURDAY, JUNE 29, 1901. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. .NUMBER 17. MM TALMAGES SERMON. THE SEEN AND THE UNSEEN THE SUBJECT. "to. These Are Fart of the Ways" JIat How Little a Portion Is Ileard of Hiiu" Job ntl, 14 Workings of Divine Power. Copyright, 1901. by Louis Klopsch, N. T.) Washiugton, June 16. In this dis- course Pr. Talmage raises high expec tations ot the day when that which is now only dimly seen will be fully re vealed; text, Job xxvi, 14: "Lo, these are parts of his ways. But how little a portion is heard of him? But the thunder of his power who can under stand?" The least understood bi-ing In the miverse is God. Blasphemous would be any attempt by painting or sculpture to represent him. Egyptian hiero glyphs tried to suggest him by putting the figure of an eye upon a sword, im plying that God sees and rules, but low imperfect the suggestion! When we speak of him, it is almost always in language figurative. He is "Light" or "Dayspring From on High," or he is a "High Tower" or the "Fountain of Living Waters." His splendor i3 so great that no man can see him and live. When the group of great theo logians assembled in Westminster ab bey for the purpose of making a sys :em of religious belief, they first of all wanted an answer to the question, "Who is God?" No one desired to un dertake the answering of that over mastering question. They finally con cluded to give the task to the youngest man in the assembly, who happened to be Rev. George Gillespie. He con sented to undertake it on the condi tion that they would first unite with him in prayer for divine direction. He began his prayer by saying, "O God, thou art a spirit infinite, infinite, eter nal and unchangeable in thy being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, good ness and truth." That first sentence of Gillespie's prayer was unanimously adopted by the assembly as the best definition of God. But, after all. it was only a partial success, and after everything that language can do when put to the utmost strain and all we can see of God in the natural world and realize of God in the providential world we are forced to cry out with Job in my text: "Lo, these are parts of the ways. But how little a portion is heard of him? But the thunder of his power who can understand?" ods Way or Doing;. We try to satisfy ourselves with say ing, "It is natural law that controls things, gravitation is at work, centri petal and centrifugal forces respond to each other." But what is natural law? It is only God's way of doing things. At every point in the universe it is God's direct and continuous power that controls and harmonizes and sustains. That power withdrawn one instant would make the planetary system and all the worlds which astronomy re veals one universal wreck, bereft hem ispheres, dismantled sunsets, dead con stellations, debris of worlds. What power it must be that keeps the In ternal fires of our world imprisoned only here and there spurting from a Cotopaxi, or a Stromboli, or from a Vesuvius, putting Pompeii and Hercu laneum into sepulcher, but for the most part the internal fires chained in their cages of rock, and century after century unable to break the chain or burst open the door! What power to keep the component parts of the air In right proportion, so that all around the world the nations may breathe in health, the frosts and the heat3 hin dered from working universal demoli tion! Power, as Isaiah says, "to take up the isles as a very little thing." Ceylon and Borneo and Hawaii as though they were pebbles; power to weigh the "mountains in scales" and the "hills in balances" Tenerife and the Cordilleras. To move a rock we must have lever and screw and great machinery, but God moves the world with nothing but a word; power to create worlds and power to destroy them, as from observation .again and again they have been seen red with Same, then pals i'-h ashes and then scattered. Workings of the Divine Powrr. We get some little idea of the divine power when we see how it buries tha proudest cit! s . ais.1 nv-Sns. Ancient Memphis it has .round up t ntil many of its ruins are no larger, than your thumb nail and you can hardly find j a.souvenir large enough to remind you of your visit. The city of Tyre i3 j tinder the sea which washes the shore, on whici are only a few crurab'tcg "sillars let;. Sodom and Gormorrari are covered bj waters so deathful that not a fish can live in them. Babylon ind Nlnevah are so blotted out of -tfst- ence that not one uninjured sbat of ; their ancient splendor remains. Noth ing but omnipotence could have put them down and put them under. The antediluvian world was able to send to the postdiluvian world only one ship with a very small passenger list. Om nipotence first ' rolled the sea3 over - the land, and then told them to go back to their usual channels as rivers and lakes and oeesns. At omnipotent command th? w stirs vouurtns upon their prey, and at CMn'.w.ient com- j mand slinking back into their appro priate places. By Euch reheat s il we try to arouse our appreciation of what om nipotence i3, and our reverence Is ex cited, and our adoration is intensified, but after all we find ourselves at the foot of a mountain we cannot climb, hovering over a depth we cannot fa thom, at the rim of a circumference we cannot compass, and we feel like first going down on our knees and then like falling flat upon our faces as we exclaim: "Lo, these are parts of hi3 ways. But how little a portion is heard of him? But the thunder of his power who can understand?" The Gid or Abraham. A tradition says that Abraham of the Old Testament was when an infant hidden in a cave because of the perse cutions of Nimrod. The first time the child came out of the cavern it was night, and he looked up at the star and cried, "This is my God," but the star disappeared, and Abraham said, "No, that cannot' be my God." After awhile the moon rose, and Abraham said, "That is my God," but it set, and Abraham was again disappointed. Af ter awhile the sun rose, and he said, "Why, truly, here is my God," but the sun went down, and Abraham was sad dened. Not until the God of the Bible appeared to Abraham was he satisfied, and his faith was so great that he was called "the Father of the Faithful." All that the theologians know of God's wisdom is insignificant compared with the wisdom beyond human comprehen sion. The human race never has had and never will have enough brain or heart to measure the wisdom of 'God. I can think of only two authors who have expressed the exact facts. The one was Paul, who say3, "Oh, the depth of the riches, both of the wisdom and knowledge of God, how unsearchable are his judgments and his ways past finding out." The other author was the scientist who composed my text. I think he wrote it during a thunder storm, for the ohapter says much about the clouds and describes the tremor of the earth under the reverberations. Witty writers sometimes depreciate the thunder and say it is the lightning that strikes, but I am sure God thinks well of the thunder, or he would not make so much of it. and all up and down the Bible he use3 the thunder to give emphasis. It was the thunder that .shook Sinai vhen the law was given. It was with thunder that the Lord discomfited the Philistines at Eben-ezer. Job pictures the warhorse as having a neck clothed with thunder. St. John, in an apocalyptic vision, again and again heard the thunder. The thunder, which is now quite well explained by the electricians, wa3 the overpowering mystery of the ancients, and standing among those mysteries Job exclaimed: "Lo, these are parts of his ways. But how little a portion is heard of him? But the thunder of his power who can understand? The Omn'presence of od. We have all been painfully reminded in our own experiences that we can not be in two places at the same time. Madler, the astronomer, went on with his explorations until he concluded that the star Alcyone, one of the Pleiades, was the center of the uni verse, and it was a fixed world, and all the other worlds revolved arouni that world, and some think that that world is heaven and God's throne is there, and there reside the nations of the blest. But he is no more there than he is here. Indeed, Alcyone has been found to be in motion, and it also is revolving around some great center. But no place has yet been found where God is not present by sustaining power. Omnipresence! Who fu-ly appreciates it? Not I. Not you. Sometimes we hear him in a whisper. Sometimes we hear him in the voice of the storm that jars the Adriondacks. But we cannot swim across this ocean. The finite cannot measure the infinite. We feel as Job did after finding God in the gold mines and the silver mines of Asia, saying, "There Is a vein for the silver and a place for the geld where they fine it." And after ex ploring the heavens as an astromoner and finding God in- distant worlds and becoming acquainted with Orion and Mazzarota and Arcturus and noticing the tides of the sea the inspired poet expresses his incapacity to understand such evidences of wisdom and power at-d says: "Lo. these are parts of his ways. But how little a portion is heard of him? But the thunder of hi3 power who can understand?"" So every systehi of theology has at tempted to describe and define the di vine attribute of love. Easy enough is it to define fatherly love, motherly love, conjugal love, fraternal love, sis terly love and love of country, but the lv of God defies all vocabulary, for many hundreds of years poets have tried to sing it and painters have tried to sketch it and ministers of the gospel to preach it and martyrs in the fire and Christians on their deathbeds have ex tolled it, and we can tell what it is like, but no one has yet fully told what it is. Men speak of the 1 ve of Ood cs though it were first felt between the pointing of Bethlehem star and the pounding of the crucifixion hammer. Eut no! Long before that existed the love of God. 8eelnr Oo(l PVes to Fare. Only glimpses of God have we in this world, but what an hour It will be when we first see him. and we will have no more fright than I feel when I now see you. It "will not be with mortal eye that we will behold him, but with the vision of a cleansed, for given and perfected spirit. Of all the quintillion agea of eternity to us the most thrilling hour will be the first hour when we meet him as he is. This may account for something you have all seen and may not have under stood. Have you not noticed how that after death of the old Christian looks young again or the features resume the look of 20 or 30 years before? The weariness is gone out of the face; there is something strikingly restful and placid; there is a pleased look where before there was a disturbed look. What has wrought the change? I think the dying Christian saw God. At the moment the soul left the body what the soul- saw left its impression on the countenance. I think that is what gave that old Christian face after death the radiant and triumphant look. The bestormed spirit has reached the harbor; the hard battle of life is ended in victory. The body took that look the moment heaven began, and the curtain was completely lifted and tha glories of Jehovah's presence rushed upon the soul. The departing spirit left on the old man's face a glad good by, and that first look gave the pleased curve to the dying lip and smootned out the wrinkles and touched all the lineaments with an indescribable radi ance. As no one else explains that im proved and gladdened post mortem look, I try to explain it, saying: "He saw God!" "She saw God!" Keeping Flowers Fresh. Cut flowers, though universally em ployed, are seldom treated as they ought to be, so here are a few hints for those who like to keep their blos soms fresh as long as possible. First of all, they should be put into some large receptacle and sprinkled fiee:y with water all over. Only after this preliminary operation it is wise to transfer them to the several pots they are to occupy. They ought to be taken out every morning, sprinkled as on the first day, the tip of the stem then being cut off, and fresh water, flow ing from a tap, should be allowed to run over the stalks, holding -the flow ers head downward, says the Philadel phia Press. Finally, and herein lies the principal secret of success, the water in the vases may be "doctored" in this man ner. Mix thoroughly together a table spoonful of finely shredded yellow soap, enough chloride of sodium to cover a florin, and half a pint of water. Put in a portion of this mixture Into every receptacle and fill in the usual way. A pinch of borax In each one will preserve all the coloring of the most brilliant flowers, and by renewing the supply of the above solution every two or three days the flowers will last for a couple of weeks or more. Palms and all foliage plants must be carefully but moderately watered, washed, put outside daily for a bath of air and sun shine and must not be stood in draughty places. Kertrlolty at Loni Rang-e. The street cars in Oakland, Cal., are now operated with electricity from the Yuba river, 140 miles distant. The wa ter power, having been converted into electricity, is carried on wires six tenths of an inch in diameter, made of an alloy of copper and aluminum. The electrical pressure is 40,000 volts, and the los3 in transmission is said to 5 per cent. This is by far the long est electrical transmission system for power purposes in existence, and if the loss is as small as it is stated to be, it is the most promising indication of the possibilities of long-distance trans mission yet furnished. "Something like six years ago," says the Railway Engineering Review, "a test of elec tric transmission over a line between Frankfort and Lauffen, in 'Germany, a distance of 110 mi.es, was made for experimental purposes, but not until the test of the plant above referred to has transmission for commercial pur poses over a line of such great length been a fact." ' Five Talents. The last man to go for a helping hand, for any new undertaking is the man who has plenty of time on his hands. It is the man and woman who are dcing most who are always willing to do a little more. The people who. are tired cf life are not those who work, but those who are too proud or too lazy to do so. Many of the rich are morbidly rest less, while those who have to earn their daily bread are comparatively contented and happy. The Bible says that "the sleep of a laboring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much," (Eccl. v. 12); and the busy worker has health and blessing which the listless idler never knows. Selected. Individual Responsibility. Francis E. Clark says: "Many re vivals can be traced, so far as human agency goes, directly to the j-raver of some . individual Christian; sometimes to the prayer of a helpless invalid who could never attend a prayer meeting. What God has done, God will do, if we are ready for Him to work through us." FARM AND GARDEN. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS. Some Tp-to-Date Hints About CwlMsn tlon ot the Soil and Yields Thereof Horticulture. vitlenltur? aad Floricul ture. Horticultural Observations. Among the visitors at the Farmers Review office last week was L. R. Bry ant. Secretary of the Illinois State Horticultural Society. He brought with him some samples of the apples he has had in cold storage since last fall; It was the Seventeenth of May, yet the apples were as hard and fresh looking as the day they came off the tree, and their color was excellent. Mr. Bryant said that they had been held all through the winter at about 32 de grees. Of this two things may be sail'; one is that more apples should be put into cold storage warehouses, to lessen the glut in the fall, and another is that thwf Willow Twig is a most excellent apple for that purpose. We doubt if tnere be any other - apple that will come out better in the spring' or sell more readily. - e e e The folly of planting some kinds ot trees in the fall in some of our north ern latitudes is frequently well illus trated by the results of that practice. Recently the writer of this had occa sion to look over a large mass ef shrubbery that was planted -last fall, the planters insisting that that was the proper time to plant. This spring at least two-thirds of the plantation is dead and most of the shrubs will have to be pulled up and replaced. - The ad vice of our state horticultural socie ties should be taken. The Illinois State Horticultural society has given the matter due consideration and has declared In favor of spring planting in all localities north of Springfield. In warmer regions fall planting is doubtless all right, especially where the winter supply of moisture is good, e e e The Illinois State Horticultural So ciety has for a number of years con ducted sub-experiment stations with more or less success. These stations number, we believe, eight, and . are scattered over the state. The object of their existence is to try the same fruits in different parts of the state. Every new fruit, whether tree, cane, or bush, is sent to each of the stations. After several years it is easy to ap proximate its value for the locality in which It is being tried. We say ap proximate, for even trying a fruit in eight or nine parts of the state will not prove positively what it might do in yet another location other than the eight. Not only the climate but the soils must be considered, and the com binations of soil are almost infinite. The greatest difficulty is to get men that wilt properly run these sub-stations, and this difficulty is increased by the fact that little money is avail able for that purpose. A man is paid a rental of about $5 per acre per year for the land on his farm actually oc cupied by the experimental orchard cr small fruits. This land is at the pres ent time not often in excess of three acres. Then the owner gets perhaps $25 per year for taking care of the plantation, and the trees and plants are furnished to him free. If the man be a horticulturist by instinct he will carry on the work from year to year and-will get results. Some of the care takers, however, weary of well-doing in a short time and the trial orchard is neglected. There is also another disturbing factor namely, death. We instance i. V. Cotta, who was a Ksost thorough horticulturist and had charge of a trial station located on his farm. When death came the whole work there was interrupted, and it now seems likely that the trial orchard will cease to be, as the land will pass to heirs and the land under the orchard is not owned by the State Society. Probably the state will ultimately pro vide money for the purchase of land to be used for such stations, but the funds of the State Society will not, at the present time at least warrant in vestment in real estate. Kansas Cynauns aad lis Value. Many people will be surprised to know that gypsum is found in Kansas in large quantities. In his address be fore the State Board of Agriculture Erasmus Haworth stated that Kansas ranxs second in the Union as a pro ducer of gypsum and .the value of Its marketed product. Kansas gypsum Is of two distinct varieties, which differ from each other in origin and in meth od of manufacture. The most abund ant variety is the ordinary rock gyp sum, which exists in broad layers, in terstratified with limestone and shale so that in every respect It is a gen nine rock. It is this form of gypsum which is so abundant in the vicinity of Blue Rapids and on the south side of the Hill river opposite Solomon. 2t also occurs near the little, town of Hope and many places -south of it. from Sumner line-to the state line and last but not least to the southwest In Barber county. - Here it occurs as immense masses of stratified rock, measuring In some places SO feet or more in thickness. It also caps tho hills in the rough country " to tha southwest of Medicine Lodge. This roc, gypsum in the various places named is exceptionally pure and con tains only about one or two per cent of foreign matter. It is equal to any gypsum In the world for the manufac ture of the highest grades of plaster of Paris and when - properly mixed with efficient retarders makes as high grade cement plaster as can be found on the markets of Europe or America. Another variety of gypsum known in Kansas and elsewhere is pulverlent in form. It is found near or at the sur face of the ground in wet or marshy places and is mixed with more or less earthy matter, such as soil, clay and sand. Experience shows that it is profit able to apply gypsum to some kinds of soil. . Last year Forest Savage . of Lawrence applied a few hundred pounds of gypsum to a wheat field. The vigorous growth and healthy green color of this portion testified to the benefit derived from the condition of the gypsum. Bro. Haworth thinks that the productiveness of Kansas soil can be greatly increased, particularly in the eastern part of the state where gumbo patches are common and hard pan is abundant. He was betraying no professional secret when he stated that many of the big packing houses used large quantities of ground gyp sum to mix with other animal fertil izers. The farmers of the west are slow in getting around to commercial fertilizers, but when these materials can be had near at hand there is no reason why they may not be profitable. Judging; at Kansss City Show. Frank D. Winn; secretary ot the Na tional Breeders' show and also of the organization representing Poland Chinas, gives the following explana tion of system of judging adopted by the managing' committee on Poland Chinas at the Kansas City show this method to apply only of course to the Poland China breed: The four judges who will tie ribbons on the Polands at the Kansas City show are T. B. Hart of Illinois, J. M. Klever and J. C. Hendrick of Ohio and W. Z. Swal low ot Iowa, who was substituted for W. H. McFadden, who could not serve on account of his official position with the American Poland China Record company. These gentlemen are all well knowr. and have the confidence and esteem of breeders throughout the country, " both as to their judgment and their honor. The managing com mittee does not believe that any one of these men would let any little per sonal feeling interfere with their best judgment in placing the awards, should there be any, yet there are al ways those exhibitors who imagine they will not get a fair deal on ac count of personal differences, etc., and to ease the minds ot such men, we have adopted a method of judging which will make it almost impossible for any breeder to be injured without there are as many as two of the judges prejudiced against him. Two judges will work on each class with a referee to decide in case of a disagreement, and one judge will then of course be out on each class. The judges will be rotated, the referee changed each time as well as the man who is out. It can readily be seen that unless both of the judges on a class or one of the acting judges and the referee are dis posed to be prejudiced and working against the same breeder, it will be impossible for him to get the worst of it. This method ot judging was adopt ed for the great combined cattle shows at Kansas City this fall and in the opinion of the committee would be the most satisfactory that could be used for the Poland China hog exhibit. I am not informed as to the system that will be employed by the other breeds. The committee determined to go to the extra expense of the additional fourth judge to make It as fair and satisfactory to all exhibitors as possi ble, which it was thought would be appreciated by the breeders and be the cause of a larger and better exhibit. Alfalfa in the Hsf Ration. At the Oklahoma station alfalfa pas ture, with and without the addition of grain, was studied with a number of pigs,- Other forage crops wer also tested, including sugar beets, cow peas, sorghum, sweet potatoes and pea nuts. During part of the tests the feed ing stuffs were cut and fed; during the remainder of the time they were harvested by the pigs. These tests led to - the following general con clusions: Alfalfa is excellent as pas ture for hogs. Pigs will make some gain with no other food, excellent gains when fed grain on the alfalfa. Continuous pasturing will injure and may destroy the alfalfa. With rare ex ceptions, alfalfa should not be pastured the year it is sown. Sorghum also makes a fair pasture for hogs.- Saw ing cow-peas, planting peanuts or sweet potatoes, aad allowing hogs to harvest the o"p, giving them some grain in addition, reduces the cost of pork production. Sugar beets are much relished by any class of stock. The greater cost of growing them as com pared with othercrops makes it doubt ful if they are an economical crop when used in large quantities. Does Sterilisation Affeet the Digestibil ity of Milk T Since bacteriologists have taught ua to look upon untreated cow's milk as a fruitful source of infection, es pecially dangerous to infants, it has become the universal practice among physicians to insist upon Its being ex posed to the prolonged influence of neat I. e., sterilized. The tco exclu sive use of milk thus prepared has been condemned by some authorities, so that the question may still be re garded as open to discussion, says a .British exchange. To determine tha relative digestibility of fresh and ster ilized milk, Jemma (La clinica medics Itallana) has undertaken a series ol laboratory experiments, which show that under the influence of pepsin and hydrochloric acid fresh milk is more readily digested than sterilized milk, , while the reverse takes place when the two fluids are subjected to the action of pancreatin. When acted upon by artificial gastric juice, ster ilized milk produces a greater quan tity of peptones during the first four hours than fresh milk, but after that period the latter proves to be the more easily digestible. Practically the same results were obtained on usins lab ferment, pepsin, and hydrochloric acid. The action of labferment and, pancrea atin was more pronounced in the case of sterilized milk. In a second series of researches tha author set himself the task of deter mining the relative digestibility, of sterilized milk, and of milk diluted with a 10 per cent solution of sugar of milk. In every instance the advan tage was on the side of the diluted mlljt. The conclusions drawn by the author from these data are: 1. Milk submitted to the sterilizing action ci heat shows no impairment of digesti bility, which is superior to that of raw milk. 2. Milk that has been sterilized and diluted with a solution of sugar of milk is more easily digest ed than pure sterilized milk. Rlack Spanish. The Black Spanish Is one of the old est varieties ot domestic poultry. Their name has been identified with the in dustry for hundreds of years, and their practical wcrth on the farm has long been of much value. Their haughty bearing, large red comb and ,. wattles, and the white face and lobes peculiar to the breed, contrasting with . tneir glossy black plumage, render tnem . most striking fowls. White faced Black Spanish have long been favorably known for their exceptional ly fine laying qualities. The oldest ot the nonsitting varieties, they still maintain an unsurpassed record. Tha pullets are early layers, averaging 150 to 180 eggs per year, the hens begin ning somewhat later after molting, but compensating for any loss of quan tity by the increased size of the egg. while hens and pullets alike are well above the average for winter laying. Their eggs are large and white and of good flavor. Their white face is a dis tinguishing feature, and should , be long, smooth, free from wrinkles, ris ing well over the eyes In an arched form, extending toward the back of the head and to the base of the beak, cov ering the cheeks and joining the wat tles and ear lobes, the greater the depth of surface t-ie better, and Bhould be pure white in color. The color ot plumage througnout is rich, glossy black, and any gray in plumage is con sidered a serious detect. Shanks and toes are blue, or dark leaden blue. Comb Is single and bright, red in col or; wattles, bright red, except the in side of the upper part, which is white; earlobes. pure white. No standard weight is given for Black Spanisa; they average in size that of the Leg horn and ndalusian. Clean Milking; Important. One of the things "worth doing well" is milking the cows. Why a cow ought to be milked clean every time is too bid a story and has too many arguments to back it up to make - a lecture necessary every time it is mentioned. But its im portance cannot be brought out too frequently, says Jersey Bulletin. It looks like a little thing to some men to slight a cow because she is a "tegious" milker; and it may be more convenient to leave a quart of strip pings in the udder than to put np with the side-stepping and tail-swinging agitation of a "nervous critter"; but the owner of a good cow might bet ter have a "hand" who will steal from him than one who doesn't milk the cows clean." He not only loses much of the richest milk that is perhaps the least of the objections to such neglect but the practice of leaving milk in the udder has a deteriorating influence on the capacity of the cow. The longer It goes on, the less milk she gives. " And the small yield soon becomes chronic. The present population of Athens in Greece is only 80,000. There is no ac curate census of the city when in it9 ancient glory, but it is supposed at one time to have contained 500,000 inhab itants. The city of Birmingham, Ala., has already begun to make preparation for a "metallic exposition." to be opened there Nov. 15, 1904, and continue un til May 15, 1905.