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TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1,00. WA-KEENEY, KAN.. SATURDAY, JULY 6. 11)01. H.S.GIVLER,Prop. NUMBER 18. V 7" TALMAGE'S SERMON. 1 'PROMPT ACTION" THE SUB JECT LAST SUNDAY. "fie TIt ObmrTeth the Wind Sball Not Cow." Ece. XI. 4 The Coormp of Conrletloos a Primary Virtu In Hn Be Hold for tbo Rlzht. (Copyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch, N. T.) Washington, June z3. From a pas sage of Scripture unobserved by most readers Dr. Talmage in this discourse shows the importance of prompt action In anything we have to do for ourselves or others; text, Ecclesiastes xi, 4, "He that observeth the wind shall not cow." What do you find in this packed sen tence of Solomon's monologue? I find in it a farmer at his front door exam ining the weather. It is seedtime. His fields have been plowed and harrowed. The wheat is in the barn in sacks ready to be taken afield and scattered. Now is the time to sow. But the wind is not favorable. It may blow up a storm before night, and he may get wet if he start3 out for the sowing; or it may be a long storm, that will wash out the seed from the soil; or there may have been a long drought, and the wind may continue to blow dry weath er. The parched fields may not take in the grain, and the birds may pick it up, and the labor as well as the seed may be wasted. So he gives up the work for that day and goes into the house and waits to see what it will be on the morrow. On the morrow the wind is still in the wrong direction, and for a whole week and for a month. Did you ever see such a long spell of bad weather? The lethargic and over cautious dilatory agriculturist allows the season to pass without sowing, and no sowing, of course, no harvest. That is what Solomon means when he says n his text, '.'He that observeth the '.rind shall not sow." Crisis Was Not Met. There comes a dark Sabbath morning. The pastor looks out of the window and sees the clouds, gather and then discharge their burdens of rain. In stead of a full church it will be a hand ful of people with wet feet and drip ping umbrellas at the doorway or the end of the pew. The pastor has pre pared one oi his best sermons. It has cost him great research, and he has been much in prayer while preparing it. He puts the sermon aside for a clear day and talks platitudes and goes home quite depressed, but at the same time teeling that he has done-his duty. He did not realize that in that small audience there were at least two per sons who ought to have had better treatment. One of those hearers was a man in a crisis cf struggle with evil appetite. A carefully prepared dis course under the divine blessing would nave been to him complete victory. Tue fires of sin would have been ex tinguished, and his keen and brilliant mind would have been consecrated to the gospel ministry, and he would have been a mighcy evangel, and tens of thousands of souls would have, un der the spell of his Christian eloquence given up sin and started a new life, and throughout all the heavens there would have been congratulation and hosanna. and after many ages of eter- nity had passed there would be celebra tion anong the ransomed of what was accomplished one stormy Sunday in a church on earth under a mighty gos pel se;-.uon delivered to 15 or 20 people. But the crisis I speak of was not prop erly met. The man in struggle with evil habit heard that stormy day no word that moved him. He went out in the rain uninvited and unhelped back to his evil way and down to his over throw. Had it been a sunshiny Sabbath he would have heard something worth hearing. But the wind blew from a stormy direction that Sabbath day. That gospel husbandman noticed it and act ed upon its suggestion and may dis cover some day his great mistake. He had a sack full of the finest of the wheat, but he withheld it, and some day he will find, when the whole story is told, that he was a vivid Illustration of the truth of my text. "He that ob serveth the wind shall not sow." I-aekod Coarara of Coavlctloo. Communities and churches and na tions sometimes are thrown into hys teria, and it requires a man of great equipoise to maintain a right position. Thirty-three years ago there came a time of bitterness in American politics, and the impeachment of the president of the United States was demanded. Two or three patriotic men. at the risk ofxlosing their senatorial position, stood out against the demand of their political associates and saved the coun try from that which all people of all parties now see would have been a ca lamity and would have put every sub sequent president at the mercy of his opponents. It only required the waiting of a few months, when time itself re moved all controversy. "Let us have war with England if needs be." said the most of the people of our northern states in 1S61. when Mason and Slide'.l, the distinguished southerners, had been taken by our navy from the British steamer Trent ' and the English government resented the act of our government in stopping one of their ships. "Give up those prisoners," said Great Britain. "No, said the almost unanimous opinion cf the nortn. "Do' not give them up. Let us have war with England rather than surrender them." Then William H. Seward, secretary of state, faced one of the fiercest storms of public opinion ever seen in this or any other country. Seeing that the retention of those two men was of no importance to our coun try and that their retention would put Great Britain and the United States in to Immediate conflict, he said, "We give them up." They were given up, and through the resistance of popular clamor by that one man a world-wide calamity was averted. Some of us remember as boys huz zaing when Kossuth, the great "Hun garian, rode up Broadway, New York. Mo3t Americans were in favor ol tak ing some decided steps for Hungary. The only result of such interference would have been the sacrifice of all good precedent and war with European nations. Then Daniel Webster, in his immortal "Hulsemann lettter," braved a whiriwind of popular opinion and saved this nation from useless foreign entanglement. Webster did not observe the wind when he wrote that letter. So in state and church there have always been men at the right time ready to face a nation full yea, a world full of opposition. Beware of Orerprqd ice. How many there are who give too much time to watching the weather vane and studying the barometer! Make up your mind what you are going to do and then go ahead and do it. There always will be hindrances. It is a moral disaster if you allow prudence to overmaster all the other graces. The Bible makes more of courage and faith and perseverance than it does of calition. It is not once a year that the great ocean steamers fail to sail at the appointed time because of the storm signals. Let the weather bureau pro phesy what hurricane or cyclone it may, next Wednesday, next Thursday, , next Saturday, the steamers will put out from New York and Philadelphia and Boston harbors and will reach Liverpool and Southampton and Glas gow and Bremen, their arrivals a3 cer tain as their embarkation. They can not afford to consult the wind, nor can you in your life voyage. The grandest and best things ever accomplished have been in the teeth of hostility. Consider the grandest en terprise of the eternities the salvation of a world. Did the Roman empire send up invitation to the heavens in viting the Lord to descend amid vo ciferations of welcome to come and take possession of the most capacious and ornate of the palace3 and sail Galilee with richest imperial flotilla and walk over flowers of Solomon's gardens, which were still in the out skirts of Jerusalem? No. It struck him with insult as soon as it could reach him. Let the camel drivers ia the Bethlehem caravansary testify. See the vilest hate pursue him to the bor ders cf the Nile! Watch his arraign ment as a criminal in the courts! See how they belie his every action, mis interpret his best words, howl at him with worst mobs, wear him cut with sleepless night3 on cold mountains! See him hoisted into a martyrdom at which the noonday cowled itself with midnight shadows, and the rocks shook into cataclysm, and the dead started out of their sepulcher, feeling it wa3 no time to sleep when such horrors were being enacted. Make Op,-ortuol fe. Young man, you have planned what you are going to be and do in the world, but ' ' you are waiting for circumstances to become more favor able. You are like the farmer in the text, observing the wind. Better start now. Obstacles will help you if you conquer them. Cut your way through. Peter Cooper, the millionaire philan thropist, who will bless all succeeding centuries with the institution he founded, worked for five years for ?25 a year and his board. Henry Wilson, the Christian statesman who com manded the United States senate wi:h the gavel of the vice presidency, wrote, of his early days: "Want sat by my cradle. - I know what it is to ask a mother for bread when she hps ncne to give. I left my home at ten years of age and served an apprenticeship of eleven years, receiving a month's schooling each year, and at the end of eleven years of hard "work a yoke of oxen and six sheep, which brought me $S4. In the first month after I was 21 years of age I went into the woods, drove a team and cut mill logs. I arose in the morning before daylight and worked hard till after dark aad received the magnificent sum of $6 for the month's work. Each of those dol lars looked as large to me as the moon looks tonight." Wonderful Henry Wil son! But that was not his original name. He changed his name because he did not want on him the blight of a drunken father. As the vice president stood in my pulpit in Brooklyn, mak ing the last address he ever made.and commended the religion of Christ to the young men of that city, I thought to myself, "You yourself are the sub limest spectacle I ever saw of victory over obstacles." For thirty years the wind blew the wrong way, yet he did not observe the wind, but kept right on sowing. Defy Tnr AataconMta. The Earl . of Alsatia. a favorite of Edward III. of England, had excited the jealousy of other courtiers, and one time, while the king was absent they persuaded the queen to turn a lion loose in the court to test the earl's courage. The earl, rising at break of day, as was his custom, came into the courtyard and met the lion, and the jealous courtiers from - the windows watched the scene. The lion, with bristling hair and a growl, was ready to spring upon the earl when he, undaunted, shouted to the monster, "Stand, you dog!" Then the lion couched, and the earl took it by thj mane and turned it back into the cage, leaving his handkerchief on the neck of the monster, and, looking up in tri umph to the jealous courtiers, who he knew were watching from the win dows, cried out, "Let him among you all that prideth himself on his pedigree go and fetch that handkerchief." And you, young man, will find a lion in your way, perhaps turned loose by the jealousy of those who would enjoy your ruin. But in the strength of God make that lion couch. By God's help you can do it and defy and challenge your antagonists. The Earl of Alsatia conquered the lion by stoutness of voice and the glare of eye, but you may overcome the lion with the prof fered strength of an almighty arm and an almighty foot, for God hath prom ised: "Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder. The young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet." Columbus, by calculation, made up his mind that there must be a new hemisphere somewhere to balance the old hemisphere, or it would be a lop sided world. And I have found out, not by calculation, but by observation. that there is a great success for you somewhere to balance your great struggle. Do not think that your case is peculiar. The most favored have been pelted. The mobs smashed the windows of the Duke of Wellington while his wife lay dead in the house. l?ltrLt'4 Fathomless Merer. Whether in your life it is a south wind, or a north wind, a west wind or an east wind that 13 now blowing, do you not feel like saying: "This whole subject I now decide. Lord God, through thy Son. Jesu3 Christ, my Sa vior, I am thine forever. I throw myself, reckless of everything else. into the fathomless ocean of thy mercy." ' "But," says some one in a frvolous and rollicking way, "I am not like the farmer you find in your text. I do not watch the wind. What do I care about the weather vane? I am sowing now." What are you sowing, my brother? Are you sowing evil habits? Are you sowing infidel and atheistic belief?? Are you sowing hatreds, revenges, dis contents, unclean thoughts or unclean actions? If so. you will raise a big crop a very big crop. The farmer sometimes plants things that do not come up. and he has to plant them over again. But those evil things that you have planted will take root and come up in harvest of disappointment, in harvest of pain, in harvest of despair, in harvest of fire. Go right through some of Uie unhappy homes of Washington and New York and all the cities, and through the hos pitals and penitentiaries, and you will find stacked up, piled together, the sheaves of such an awful harvest. Hosea, one of the first of a!l the writ ing prophets, although four cf the other prophets are put before him in the canon of Scripture, wrote an as tounding metaphor that may be quotsd as descriptive of 'those who do evil: "They have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind." Some one has said. "Children may be strangled, but deeds never." There are other persons who truth fully say: "I am doing the best I can. The clouds are thick and the wind blows the wrong way, but I am sow ing prayers and sowing kindness :s and sowing helpfulness and sowing hopes of a better world." Good for you. my brother, my sister! What you plant will come up. What you sow will rise into a harvest the wealth of which you will not know until you go up higher. I hear the rustle of your harvest in the bright fields of heaven. The soft gales of that land, as they pass, bend the full beaded grain In curves of beauty- It is golden in the light of a sun that never sets. . As you pass in you will not have to gird on the sickle for the reaping.and there will be nothing to remind you of weary husbandmen toiling under hot summer sun on earth and lying down under the shadow of the tree at noon tide, so tired were they, so very tired No, no; your harvest will be reaped without any toil of your bands, with out any besweating of your brow. Christ in one of his sermons told how your harvest will be gathered when he said, "The reapers are the angels." Tht TVlosro BC'sMlon. Rev. John McLaurin of the Ameri can Baptist Telugu Mission, entered that field in 1S70, when there were but three stations. Nellore. Ongole and Ram a pat am, with about 1,000 church members. There are now connected with this mission 21 stations, 113 churches. 462 out-stations, 53,633 church members. It is a mistake to set up our own standard of right and wrong, and judge people accordingly. FARM AND GARDEN. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS. Cobs rp-to-Date Hints About r-JiItl Ta ttoo of too SOU aad Yields Thereof Horticulture, iUeolto.ro aad sTlorioal- Manurloff T7hnt In a recent bulletin on the manuring of soil. Prof. John Fields of the Okla homa Experiment Station says: In seasons when there is an abund ant summer rainfall, manure plowed under will decay and settle down. On the other hand, in dry seasons, and especially if the soil is not well culti vated soon after plowing, manure which is plowed under will keep the soil open and make it dry out easily. The seed then goes into a dry soil germinates poorly giving a thin stand, and starts oft the wheat in a weakened condition. . This makes the manuring of land sown continuously to wheat difficult, and in such cases, it would appear that a top-dressing, well worked into the surface of the soil, would be the best and safest practice. 'Attempts to follow Kafir corn or Eorghum with wheat have very often resulted in failure. "Kafir corn ruins the land" is an expression frequently heard in conversation with farmers. When the matter is studied, it is found that, after all, it is largely a question of the supply of moisture in the soil. Kafir corn grows a large mass of- for age and uses the soil moisture up until the time of wheat seeding, and the wheat goes into a soil without suffi cient moisture for the germination of the seeds and the growth of the plants. Early plowing of land for wheat does little but prepare the soil so that it: will take in water and keep it. Working the soil, keeping the surface loose, helps out a dry season by hold ing the water in the soil. Cultivation at the proper times as much to be pre ferred to manuring when there Is no opportunity for the soil to fill with moisture before a crop is to be planted. The effect of a given crop on the .moisture content of the soil has more to do with the yield of the next crop than does the amount of plant-food removed from the soil. Cultivation and manuring as much as possible of each and study and knowledge of the true effect of differ ent crops on -available soil moisture are essential to a profitable and im proving system of farming. The day of crop failures, worn out farms, and purchase of fertilizers should be put off by the use of things at hand that cost, only energy, time, and labor to utilize and possess. Marketlae Small Fraltu. Berry growers should soon purchase their supply of berry boxes and bask ets in which they expect to market their fruit the coming season, says a communication from the Oklahoma Experiment Station. The tub or large bucket and quart cup are the packages that have been in most common use in the berry market in Oklahoma, but are giving away to neat woouen quart boxes and crates. The. cost of the boxes and crates is very small and it greatly improves the appearance of the fruit. The berries should be put in the baskets just as they are gathered. This prevents the necessity of further handling, crushing and soiling the fruit. It can then be delivered in bet ter condition and. is worth more in dollars and cents to the consumer. Berries that are placed in small bask ets as fast as theyare gathered will keep fresh much longer and will sell for a higher price than the berries that were of the same quality when gath ered but have been handled in bulk. The Increase in price of the berries will much more than pay for the boxes and crates. The ease with which crated berries can be sold is often of great importance especially in a full market. The claim is often made that fruit is so cheap that it will not pay for the boxes. This is sometimes true but the difference in price of the crated and uncrated berries is often the difference between a profit and a loss In favor of the crated fruit. There are several kinds of boxes and crates used for small fruits any of which answers the purpose very well. A quart package is the most common size used for berrK. These boxes are made of wood or paste-board and are always given with the fruit. The crates are made of wooden slats and usually hold 35 quart boxes. These can be used during the entire season when the berries are sold In the home market, but If shipped new boxes can be bought cheaper than the old ones can be returned. The pack ages should be clean and bright and the packing done in good form. It Is often the package and packing that sell the fruit as much as the merits of the fruit Itself. Kraft to HloaarL A report just Issued by the Missouri State Horticultural Society states that the strawberry crop in the southern part of that state 13 being cut short by dry weather; that raspberry vines are i badly injured by anthracnos and that the crop will be light; that growers are having trouble in some parts oz the state with canker worm and in others with the leaf roller, in still others with the dropping of the apple , and peach and with the peach leaf ; curl, but that good crops of the tree fruits last named are promised never- j theless. Averages for the northwest- j ern division of the state, embracing nineteen counties, are as follows: Apples 75, pears 70, peaches 90, plums 90, cherries 95, strawberries 95, rasp berries 65, blackberries 80 and grapes 85. The averages for the twenty-five counties embraced in the northeast di vision are given as follows: Apples j 80, pears 75, peaches 90, plums, 85. cherries 65, strawberries 70. raspber ries 60, blackberries 75, grapes 85. In the southeast division (32 coun ties) the following averages were ob tained: Apples 85, pears 60, peaches and plums 95. cherries 85. strawber ries 90, raspberries 70, blackberries 90, grapes 90. The averages for the southwest di vision which embraces 38 counties are as follows: Apples 90, pears 76, peaches 95, plums 90, cherries 75, strawberries 80, raspberries 50, black berries 95, grapes 85. Asrlcaltsrsl Notes, Formaldehyd is a colorless, pungent gas obtainable from wood alcohol and readily soluble in water. It may be purchased at drug stores in liquid form, that i3, dissolved in water. Its property of destroying the spores of fungi was discovered by the German scientist Loew, In 1888. It is not pois onous in moderate amounts, even when taken internally. In 1895 Prof. H. L. Bolley, then of Indiana but now of the North Dakota Experiment Station, be gan making experiments with a solu tion of formaldehyd for the prevention of grain smuts, and potato scab. His results were so satisfactory that the formaldehyd treatment has come to be regarded as the standard preventive for these diseases. e e a Smooth brome-grass will withstand extreme changes in the temperature without injury. Its ability to produce good pasture during long periods of drought far exceeds that of any other cultivated variety. In Canada where it had been exposed to a temperature Of 'several degrees below zero and not covered by snow It was entirely un injured. The yield of hay from smooth brome-grass varies from one to four and a half tons .per acre according to climatic conditions, method of seed ing, and fertility of soil. The, quality of the hay is excellent, fully equaling that of timothy in palatability and nutritive qualities. - In experiments 'with hairy vetch at the Mississippi station the yield was increased 64.6 per cent by scattering inoculated soil in the drills with the seed, and 34 per cent by soaking the seed in water containing the tubercle germs. The amount of nitrogen was also considerably increased by inocu lation. The inoculated soil used was obtained - from a held bearing hairy vetch which had an abundance of nodules. Have you tested the clover seed? It pays to do so. The origin of clover seed is of much importance, but receives little atten tion from farmers, who buy their seed without ever attempting to ascertain its place of origin. Yet scientists that have looked into the matter believe that, as a general rule, seed grown in northern latitudes will produce hardier plants than seed grown in tho South. Bortleultural Observations. Prof. E. S. Goff says: The Wiscon sin oat crop of 1898 was estimated by the United States Department of Ag riculture at 64,000,000 bushels, valued at $15,500,000. Allowing an average of five per cent, which Is probably not an excessive estimate, the smut tax of 1898 in our state amounted to about ,775,0oi). o ' In plants like the apple, which are widely dispersed by means of graftage, there is more or less departure from the original type. The Newtown Pip pin, which originated in Long Island, has varied in Virginia into the A.be marle Pippin, a poorer keeper than the original. In the Northwest It has va ried Into a form which has five ridges at the apex, while in Australia it is so different as to have been renamed the Five Crowned Pippin a a ' All plants are made jap of a succes sion or colony of shoots, originating In bods. These shoots show as much tendency to vaiy as do seedlings. The degree, of variation is not usually as great, since the latter unite the quali ties of two parents, while tha former are the product of one parent. Never theless, sudden and marked bud varia tions are not uncommon. As a mat ter of fact, many of our cultivated va rieties - have originated from bud sports. The nectarine came from a branch of the peach." A French horti culturist gave. In 1863. a list of 154 commercial varieties which had origi nated by" bud variation. whPe Prof. Bailey estimates that there are over 300 such sorts grown at present "In our own country. " Experimental Fastore. To every farmer the pasture Is Im portant and the science of keeping pastures in good condition Is one of the most necessary branches of ex perimentation. Pastures are neglected to a most surprising degree. At every experiment station should be at least one pasture kept in an ideal manner. It Is perfectly proper for a station to handle some of its ground on wrong principles, to show the effects of wrong methods. But there should be a correct standard. During the last few days the writer has visited two southern stations, at each of which the pasture was an important part of the farm. But the "contrast was very marked. At one station the pasture would not be a credit to any farmer in the northwest. It was worn down to the ground, and the growth of for age was meagre in the extreme. The writer marveled at finding so poor a pasture at a United States Experiment Station. There was some good stock 'feeding upon it, but the area to be fed over was necessarily great. At the other station the pasture was a credit to the station and could be used as a patter, by any farmer to advantage. It was small in area, but the forage was dense. During all last year it pastured a good deal more than one cow per acre. The sod was thick and was made up of the matted roots of several varieties of grasses. -The varieties of grass had been chosen to give continuous feed throughout the year. One variety matures at one time and another at another time. When one kind is eaten off and no longer sends up new growth, another is just giving its greatest volume of leaf and stalk. Summer and winter that pasture is good. The cattle are not kept on one pasture all of the time, but are put on another pasture when ever the first pasture shows a sign of getting weak. One of the professors said to the writer: "We could not pos sibly put that land into any grain ;rop that would yield profit- equal to that we receive from pasturing it." That tells the story of the whole situa tion as it exists north and south, so far as pastures are concerned. The good pasture mentioned is watched as carefully as any part of the farm and is given treatment of manures whenever it needs it. The cattle on it receive a daily feed of bran and oil meal, and thus the ground daily re ceives droppings rich in nitrogen. If it ever does become thin it will be put into some other crop for awhile. Thus will be brought in the question of ro tation of pastures, one of the greatest of importance 011 thin or sandy lands. In the south especially this work with the pastures is one that should not be neglected. If ever the southern , farm is to be made a general farm it must have a good pasture, and on some lands, especially those that leak bad ly, that means rotation of the pastures with something else. The writer does not wish to crictl cise the work of any experiment sta tion, but he cannot help feeling that the subject under discussion is of prima importance. Said one station director, "Come and see our experi mental grass plats; I notice you north ern men that come down here always inquire about them, and I reckon you will be interested." Yes, the northern farmer is Interested in 'the grasses, for he knows that they are, in his section, the basis of all general farming. He cannot help wondering how the south ern farmer can do anything without them, at least for pasturage. We do not believe that any obstacle exists in the way of good pastures in the south, and we hope they will receive full con sideration by all the stations. ftf aaacement of Boars. "He should have a grass lot of at least one-fourth of an acre, in which there is a house six or seven feet square, and shade to protect him from the hot sun," says a contributor to American Swineherd. . "The lot should be inclosed with a substantial fence, so it will be impos sible, for him to ever break out. It is almost impossible to cure a boar of fence breaking when they once get in that habit. "In selecting a location for a boar lot, I prefer to have It entirely separ ated from the rest of the herd. In fact, where he can neither see nor hear the other hogs, for if the boar should be one of the restless sort he will not take time to eat or rest if placed along beside the sows in breeding season, and the boar that does not eat well can never develop into a first-class ani mal. Therefore, I consider that the location of a boar's lot has much to do in developing a young boar. According to J. D. Smith, state en tomologist of New Jersey, who has spent three months examining the fruit industry of Germany, France. Belgium, Holland and Hungary, Ger many offers the most promising field for American fruit. He thinks France is unfavorable and says that Europe has very little to teach as in the treat ment of insect enemies., for the con clusive reason that pests are less troublesome there than in this" coun try. All that is best and purest in a man is but the echo of a mother's benediction.