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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, July 06, 1901, Image 1

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TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1,00. WA-KEENEY, KAN.. SATURDAY, JULY 6. 11)01. H.S.GIVLER,Prop. NUMBER 18.
V
7"
TALMAGE'S SERMON. 1
'PROMPT ACTION" THE SUB
JECT LAST SUNDAY.
"fie TIt ObmrTeth the Wind Sball
Not Cow." Ece. XI. 4 The Coormp
of Conrletloos a Primary Virtu In
Hn Be Hold for tbo Rlzht.
(Copyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch, N. T.)
Washington, June z3. From a pas
sage of Scripture unobserved by most
readers Dr. Talmage in this discourse
shows the importance of prompt action
In anything we have to do for ourselves
or others; text, Ecclesiastes xi, 4, "He
that observeth the wind shall not
cow."
What do you find in this packed sen
tence of Solomon's monologue? I find
in it a farmer at his front door exam
ining the weather. It is seedtime. His
fields have been plowed and harrowed.
The wheat is in the barn in sacks
ready to be taken afield and scattered.
Now is the time to sow. But the wind
is not favorable. It may blow up a
storm before night, and he may get
wet if he start3 out for the sowing; or
it may be a long storm, that will wash
out the seed from the soil; or there
may have been a long drought, and the
wind may continue to blow dry weath
er. The parched fields may not take
in the grain, and the birds may pick
it up, and the labor as well as the seed
may be wasted. So he gives up the
work for that day and goes into the
house and waits to see what it will be
on the morrow. On the morrow the
wind is still in the wrong direction,
and for a whole week and for a month.
Did you ever see such a long spell of
bad weather? The lethargic and over
cautious dilatory agriculturist allows
the season to pass without sowing, and
no sowing, of course, no harvest. That
is what Solomon means when he says
n his text, '.'He that observeth the
'.rind shall not sow."
Crisis Was Not Met.
There comes a dark Sabbath morning.
The pastor looks out of the window
and sees the clouds, gather and then
discharge their burdens of rain. In
stead of a full church it will be a hand
ful of people with wet feet and drip
ping umbrellas at the doorway or the
end of the pew. The pastor has pre
pared one oi his best sermons. It has
cost him great research, and he has
been much in prayer while preparing
it. He puts the sermon aside for a clear
day and talks platitudes and goes
home quite depressed, but at the same
time teeling that he has done-his duty.
He did not realize that in that small
audience there were at least two per
sons who ought to have had better
treatment. One of those hearers was
a man in a crisis cf struggle with evil
appetite. A carefully prepared dis
course under the divine blessing would
nave been to him complete victory.
Tue fires of sin would have been ex
tinguished, and his keen and brilliant
mind would have been consecrated to
the gospel ministry, and he would
have been a mighcy evangel, and tens
of thousands of souls would have, un
der the spell of his Christian eloquence
given up sin and started a new life,
and throughout all the heavens there
would have been congratulation and
hosanna. and after many ages of eter-
nity had passed there would be celebra
tion anong the ransomed of what was
accomplished one stormy Sunday in a
church on earth under a mighty gos
pel se;-.uon delivered to 15 or 20 people.
But the crisis I speak of was not prop
erly met. The man in struggle with
evil habit heard that stormy day no
word that moved him. He went out in
the rain uninvited and unhelped back
to his evil way and down to his over
throw. Had it been a sunshiny Sabbath
he would have heard something worth
hearing. But the wind blew from a
stormy direction that Sabbath day. That
gospel husbandman noticed it and act
ed upon its suggestion and may dis
cover some day his great mistake. He
had a sack full of the finest of the
wheat, but he withheld it, and some
day he will find, when the whole story
is told, that he was a vivid Illustration
of the truth of my text. "He that ob
serveth the wind shall not sow."
I-aekod Coarara of Coavlctloo.
Communities and churches and na
tions sometimes are thrown into hys
teria, and it requires a man of great
equipoise to maintain a right position.
Thirty-three years ago there came a
time of bitterness in American politics,
and the impeachment of the president
of the United States was demanded.
Two or three patriotic men. at the risk
ofxlosing their senatorial position,
stood out against the demand of their
political associates and saved the coun
try from that which all people of all
parties now see would have been a ca
lamity and would have put every sub
sequent president at the mercy of his
opponents. It only required the waiting
of a few months, when time itself re
moved all controversy.
"Let us have war with England if
needs be." said the most of the people
of our northern states in 1S61. when
Mason and Slide'.l, the distinguished
southerners, had been taken by our
navy from the British steamer Trent
' and the English government resented
the act of our government in stopping
one of their ships. "Give up those
prisoners," said Great Britain. "No,
said the almost unanimous opinion cf
the nortn. "Do' not give them up. Let
us have war with England rather than
surrender them." Then William H.
Seward, secretary of state, faced one
of the fiercest storms of public opinion
ever seen in this or any other country.
Seeing that the retention of those two
men was of no importance to our coun
try and that their retention would put
Great Britain and the United States in
to Immediate conflict, he said, "We
give them up." They were given up,
and through the resistance of popular
clamor by that one man a world-wide
calamity was averted.
Some of us remember as boys huz
zaing when Kossuth, the great "Hun
garian, rode up Broadway, New York.
Mo3t Americans were in favor ol tak
ing some decided steps for Hungary.
The only result of such interference
would have been the sacrifice of all
good precedent and war with European
nations. Then Daniel Webster, in his
immortal "Hulsemann lettter," braved
a whiriwind of popular opinion and
saved this nation from useless foreign
entanglement. Webster did not observe
the wind when he wrote that letter. So
in state and church there have always
been men at the right time ready to
face a nation full yea, a world full
of opposition.
Beware of Orerprqd ice.
How many there are who give too
much time to watching the weather
vane and studying the barometer!
Make up your mind what you are going
to do and then go ahead and do it.
There always will be hindrances. It is
a moral disaster if you allow prudence
to overmaster all the other graces.
The Bible makes more of courage and
faith and perseverance than it does of
calition. It is not once a year that the
great ocean steamers fail to sail at the
appointed time because of the storm
signals. Let the weather bureau pro
phesy what hurricane or cyclone it
may, next Wednesday, next Thursday, ,
next Saturday, the steamers will put
out from New York and Philadelphia
and Boston harbors and will reach
Liverpool and Southampton and Glas
gow and Bremen, their arrivals a3 cer
tain as their embarkation. They can
not afford to consult the wind, nor
can you in your life voyage.
The grandest and best things ever
accomplished have been in the teeth
of hostility. Consider the grandest en
terprise of the eternities the salvation
of a world. Did the Roman empire
send up invitation to the heavens in
viting the Lord to descend amid vo
ciferations of welcome to come and
take possession of the most capacious
and ornate of the palace3 and sail
Galilee with richest imperial flotilla
and walk over flowers of Solomon's
gardens, which were still in the out
skirts of Jerusalem? No. It struck
him with insult as soon as it could
reach him. Let the camel drivers ia
the Bethlehem caravansary testify. See
the vilest hate pursue him to the bor
ders cf the Nile! Watch his arraign
ment as a criminal in the courts! See
how they belie his every action, mis
interpret his best words, howl at him
with worst mobs, wear him cut with
sleepless night3 on cold mountains!
See him hoisted into a martyrdom at
which the noonday cowled itself with
midnight shadows, and the rocks shook
into cataclysm, and the dead started
out of their sepulcher, feeling it wa3
no time to sleep when such horrors
were being enacted.
Make Op,-ortuol fe.
Young man, you have planned what
you are going to be and do in the
world, but ' ' you are waiting for
circumstances to become more favor
able. You are like the farmer in the
text, observing the wind. Better start
now. Obstacles will help you if you
conquer them. Cut your way through.
Peter Cooper, the millionaire philan
thropist, who will bless all succeeding
centuries with the institution he
founded, worked for five years for ?25
a year and his board. Henry Wilson,
the Christian statesman who com
manded the United States senate wi:h
the gavel of the vice presidency, wrote,
of his early days: "Want sat by my
cradle. - I know what it is to ask
a mother for bread when she hps ncne
to give. I left my home at ten years
of age and served an apprenticeship
of eleven years, receiving a month's
schooling each year, and at the end of
eleven years of hard "work a yoke of
oxen and six sheep, which brought
me $S4. In the first month after I was
21 years of age I went into the woods,
drove a team and cut mill logs. I
arose in the morning before daylight
and worked hard till after dark aad
received the magnificent sum of $6 for
the month's work. Each of those dol
lars looked as large to me as the moon
looks tonight." Wonderful Henry Wil
son! But that was not his original
name. He changed his name because
he did not want on him the blight of a
drunken father. As the vice president
stood in my pulpit in Brooklyn, mak
ing the last address he ever made.and
commended the religion of Christ to
the young men of that city, I thought
to myself, "You yourself are the sub
limest spectacle I ever saw of victory
over obstacles." For thirty years the
wind blew the wrong way, yet he did
not observe the wind, but kept right
on sowing.
Defy Tnr AataconMta.
The Earl . of Alsatia. a favorite of
Edward III. of England, had excited
the jealousy of other courtiers, and
one time, while the king was absent
they persuaded the queen to turn a
lion loose in the court to test the
earl's courage. The earl, rising at
break of day, as was his custom, came
into the courtyard and met the lion,
and the jealous courtiers from - the
windows watched the scene. The lion,
with bristling hair and a growl, was
ready to spring upon the earl when
he, undaunted, shouted to the monster,
"Stand, you dog!" Then the lion
couched, and the earl took it by thj
mane and turned it back into the cage,
leaving his handkerchief on the neck
of the monster, and, looking up in tri
umph to the jealous courtiers, who he
knew were watching from the win
dows, cried out, "Let him among you
all that prideth himself on his pedigree
go and fetch that handkerchief." And
you, young man, will find a lion in
your way, perhaps turned loose by the
jealousy of those who would enjoy
your ruin. But in the strength of God
make that lion couch. By God's help
you can do it and defy and challenge
your antagonists. The Earl of Alsatia
conquered the lion by stoutness of
voice and the glare of eye, but you
may overcome the lion with the prof
fered strength of an almighty arm and
an almighty foot, for God hath prom
ised: "Thou shalt tread upon the lion
and adder. The young lion and the
dragon shalt thou trample under feet."
Columbus, by calculation, made up
his mind that there must be a new
hemisphere somewhere to balance the
old hemisphere, or it would be a lop
sided world. And I have found out,
not by calculation, but by observation.
that there is a great success for you
somewhere to balance your great
struggle. Do not think that your case
is peculiar. The most favored have
been pelted. The mobs smashed the
windows of the Duke of Wellington
while his wife lay dead in the house.
l?ltrLt'4 Fathomless Merer.
Whether in your life it is a south
wind, or a north wind, a west wind or
an east wind that 13 now blowing,
do you not feel like saying: "This
whole subject I now decide. Lord God,
through thy Son. Jesu3 Christ, my Sa
vior, I am thine forever. I throw
myself, reckless of everything else.
into the fathomless ocean of thy
mercy." '
"But," says some one in a frvolous
and rollicking way, "I am not like the
farmer you find in your text. I do not
watch the wind. What do I care about
the weather vane? I am sowing now."
What are you sowing, my brother?
Are you sowing evil habits? Are you
sowing infidel and atheistic belief??
Are you sowing hatreds, revenges, dis
contents, unclean thoughts or unclean
actions? If so. you will raise a big
crop a very big crop. The farmer
sometimes plants things that do not
come up. and he has to plant them
over again. But those evil things that
you have planted will take root and
come up in harvest of disappointment,
in harvest of pain, in harvest of
despair, in harvest of fire. Go
right through some of Uie unhappy
homes of Washington and New York
and all the cities, and through the hos
pitals and penitentiaries, and you will
find stacked up, piled together, the
sheaves of such an awful harvest.
Hosea, one of the first of a!l the writ
ing prophets, although four cf the
other prophets are put before him in
the canon of Scripture, wrote an as
tounding metaphor that may be quotsd
as descriptive of 'those who do evil:
"They have sown the wind, and they
shall reap the whirlwind." Some one
has said. "Children may be strangled,
but deeds never."
There are other persons who truth
fully say: "I am doing the best I can.
The clouds are thick and the wind
blows the wrong way, but I am sow
ing prayers and sowing kindness :s
and sowing helpfulness and sowing
hopes of a better world." Good for
you. my brother, my sister! What you
plant will come up. What you sow
will rise into a harvest the wealth of
which you will not know until you go
up higher. I hear the rustle of your
harvest in the bright fields of heaven.
The soft gales of that land, as they
pass, bend the full beaded grain In
curves of beauty- It is golden in the
light of a sun that never sets. . As
you pass in you will not have to gird
on the sickle for the reaping.and there
will be nothing to remind you of
weary husbandmen toiling under hot
summer sun on earth and lying down
under the shadow of the tree at noon
tide, so tired were they, so very tired
No, no; your harvest will be reaped
without any toil of your bands, with
out any besweating of your brow.
Christ in one of his sermons told how
your harvest will be gathered when
he said, "The reapers are the angels."
Tht TVlosro BC'sMlon.
Rev. John McLaurin of the Ameri
can Baptist Telugu Mission, entered
that field in 1S70, when there were but
three stations. Nellore. Ongole and
Ram a pat am, with about 1,000 church
members. There are now connected
with this mission 21 stations, 113
churches. 462 out-stations, 53,633
church members.
It is a mistake to set up our own
standard of right and wrong, and
judge people accordingly.
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
AGRICULTURISTS.
Cobs rp-to-Date Hints About r-JiItl Ta
ttoo of too SOU aad Yields Thereof
Horticulture, iUeolto.ro aad sTlorioal-
Manurloff T7hnt
In a recent bulletin on the manuring
of soil. Prof. John Fields of the Okla
homa Experiment Station says:
In seasons when there is an abund
ant summer rainfall, manure plowed
under will decay and settle down. On
the other hand, in dry seasons, and
especially if the soil is not well culti
vated soon after plowing, manure
which is plowed under will keep the
soil open and make it dry out easily.
The seed then goes into a dry soil
germinates poorly giving a thin stand,
and starts oft the wheat in a weakened
condition. .
This makes the manuring of land
sown continuously to wheat difficult,
and in such cases, it would appear that
a top-dressing, well worked into the
surface of the soil, would be the best
and safest practice.
'Attempts to follow Kafir corn or
Eorghum with wheat have very often
resulted in failure. "Kafir corn ruins
the land" is an expression frequently
heard in conversation with farmers.
When the matter is studied, it is found
that, after all, it is largely a question
of the supply of moisture in the soil.
Kafir corn grows a large mass of- for
age and uses the soil moisture up until
the time of wheat seeding, and the
wheat goes into a soil without suffi
cient moisture for the germination of
the seeds and the growth of the plants.
Early plowing of land for wheat
does little but prepare the soil so that
it: will take in water and keep it.
Working the soil, keeping the surface
loose, helps out a dry season by hold
ing the water in the soil. Cultivation
at the proper times as much to be pre
ferred to manuring when there Is no
opportunity for the soil to fill with
moisture before a crop is to be planted.
The effect of a given crop on the
.moisture content of the soil has more
to do with the yield of the next crop
than does the amount of plant-food
removed from the soil.
Cultivation and manuring as much
as possible of each and study and
knowledge of the true effect of differ
ent crops on -available soil moisture
are essential to a profitable and im
proving system of farming. The day of
crop failures, worn out farms, and
purchase of fertilizers should be put
off by the use of things at hand that
cost, only energy, time, and labor to
utilize and possess.
Marketlae Small Fraltu.
Berry growers should soon purchase
their supply of berry boxes and bask
ets in which they expect to market
their fruit the coming season, says a
communication from the Oklahoma
Experiment Station. The tub or large
bucket and quart cup are the packages
that have been in most common use
in the berry market in Oklahoma, but
are giving away to neat woouen quart
boxes and crates. The. cost of the
boxes and crates is very small and it
greatly improves the appearance of the
fruit. The berries should be put in
the baskets just as they are gathered.
This prevents the necessity of further
handling, crushing and soiling the
fruit. It can then be delivered in bet
ter condition and. is worth more in
dollars and cents to the consumer.
Berries that are placed in small bask
ets as fast as theyare gathered will
keep fresh much longer and will sell
for a higher price than the berries that
were of the same quality when gath
ered but have been handled in bulk.
The Increase in price of the berries
will much more than pay for the boxes
and crates. The ease with which crated
berries can be sold is often of great
importance especially in a full market.
The claim is often made that fruit is
so cheap that it will not pay for the
boxes. This is sometimes true but the
difference in price of the crated and
uncrated berries is often the difference
between a profit and a loss In favor
of the crated fruit. There are several
kinds of boxes and crates used for
small fruits any of which answers the
purpose very well. A quart package is
the most common size used for berrK.
These boxes are made of wood or
paste-board and are always given with
the fruit. The crates are made of
wooden slats and usually hold 35 quart
boxes. These can be used during the
entire season when the berries are sold
In the home market, but If shipped new
boxes can be bought cheaper than the
old ones can be returned. The pack
ages should be clean and bright and
the packing done in good form. It Is
often the package and packing that
sell the fruit as much as the merits of
the fruit Itself.
Kraft to HloaarL
A report just Issued by the Missouri
State Horticultural Society states that
the strawberry crop in the southern
part of that state 13 being cut short by
dry weather; that raspberry vines are
i badly injured by anthracnos and that
the crop will be light; that growers
are having trouble in some parts oz
the state with canker worm and in
others with the leaf roller, in still
others with the dropping of the apple ,
and peach and with the peach leaf ;
curl, but that good crops of the tree
fruits last named are promised never- j
theless. Averages for the northwest- j
ern division of the state, embracing
nineteen counties, are as follows:
Apples 75, pears 70, peaches 90, plums
90, cherries 95, strawberries 95, rasp
berries 65, blackberries 80 and grapes
85.
The averages for the twenty-five
counties embraced in the northeast di
vision are given as follows: Apples j
80, pears 75, peaches 90, plums, 85.
cherries 65, strawberries 70. raspber
ries 60, blackberries 75, grapes 85.
In the southeast division (32 coun
ties) the following averages were ob
tained: Apples 85, pears 60, peaches
and plums 95. cherries 85. strawber
ries 90, raspberries 70, blackberries 90,
grapes 90.
The averages for the southwest di
vision which embraces 38 counties are
as follows: Apples 90, pears 76,
peaches 95, plums 90, cherries 75,
strawberries 80, raspberries 50, black
berries 95, grapes 85.
Asrlcaltsrsl Notes,
Formaldehyd is a colorless, pungent
gas obtainable from wood alcohol and
readily soluble in water. It may be
purchased at drug stores in liquid
form, that i3, dissolved in water. Its
property of destroying the spores of
fungi was discovered by the German
scientist Loew, In 1888. It is not pois
onous in moderate amounts, even when
taken internally. In 1895 Prof. H. L.
Bolley, then of Indiana but now of the
North Dakota Experiment Station, be
gan making experiments with a solu
tion of formaldehyd for the prevention
of grain smuts, and potato scab. His
results were so satisfactory that the
formaldehyd treatment has come to be
regarded as the standard preventive
for these diseases.
e e a
Smooth brome-grass will withstand
extreme changes in the temperature
without injury. Its ability to produce
good pasture during long periods of
drought far exceeds that of any other
cultivated variety. In Canada where
it had been exposed to a temperature
Of 'several degrees below zero and not
covered by snow It was entirely un
injured. The yield of hay from smooth
brome-grass varies from one to four
and a half tons .per acre according to
climatic conditions, method of seed
ing, and fertility of soil. The, quality
of the hay is excellent, fully equaling
that of timothy in palatability and
nutritive qualities. -
In experiments 'with hairy vetch at
the Mississippi station the yield was
increased 64.6 per cent by scattering
inoculated soil in the drills with the
seed, and 34 per cent by soaking the
seed in water containing the tubercle
germs. The amount of nitrogen was
also considerably increased by inocu
lation. The inoculated soil used was
obtained - from a held bearing hairy
vetch which had an abundance of
nodules.
Have you tested the clover seed? It
pays to do so.
The origin of clover seed is of much
importance, but receives little atten
tion from farmers, who buy their seed
without ever attempting to ascertain
its place of origin. Yet scientists that
have looked into the matter believe
that, as a general rule, seed grown in
northern latitudes will produce
hardier plants than seed grown in tho
South.
Bortleultural Observations.
Prof. E. S. Goff says: The Wiscon
sin oat crop of 1898 was estimated by
the United States Department of Ag
riculture at 64,000,000 bushels, valued
at $15,500,000. Allowing an average of
five per cent, which Is probably not
an excessive estimate, the smut tax of
1898 in our state amounted to about
,775,0oi).
o
' In plants like the apple, which are
widely dispersed by means of graftage,
there is more or less departure from
the original type. The Newtown Pip
pin, which originated in Long Island,
has varied in Virginia into the A.be
marle Pippin, a poorer keeper than the
original. In the Northwest It has va
ried Into a form which has five ridges
at the apex, while in Australia it is so
different as to have been renamed the
Five Crowned Pippin
a a '
All plants are made jap of a succes
sion or colony of shoots, originating In
bods. These shoots show as much
tendency to vaiy as do seedlings. The
degree, of variation is not usually as
great, since the latter unite the quali
ties of two parents, while tha former
are the product of one parent. Never
theless, sudden and marked bud varia
tions are not uncommon. As a mat
ter of fact, many of our cultivated va
rieties - have originated from bud
sports. The nectarine came from a
branch of the peach." A French horti
culturist gave. In 1863. a list of 154
commercial varieties which had origi
nated by" bud variation. whPe Prof.
Bailey estimates that there are over
300 such sorts grown at present "In our
own country. "
Experimental Fastore.
To every farmer the pasture Is Im
portant and the science of keeping
pastures in good condition Is one of
the most necessary branches of ex
perimentation. Pastures are neglected
to a most surprising degree. At every
experiment station should be at least
one pasture kept in an ideal manner.
It Is perfectly proper for a station to
handle some of its ground on wrong
principles, to show the effects of
wrong methods. But there should be
a correct standard. During the last
few days the writer has visited two
southern stations, at each of which
the pasture was an important part of
the farm. But the "contrast was very
marked. At one station the pasture
would not be a credit to any farmer
in the northwest. It was worn down
to the ground, and the growth of for
age was meagre in the extreme. The
writer marveled at finding so poor a
pasture at a United States Experiment
Station. There was some good stock
'feeding upon it, but the area to be fed
over was necessarily great.
At the other station the pasture was
a credit to the station and could be
used as a patter, by any farmer to
advantage. It was small in area, but
the forage was dense. During all last
year it pastured a good deal more
than one cow per acre. The sod was
thick and was made up of the matted
roots of several varieties of grasses. -The
varieties of grass had been chosen
to give continuous feed throughout
the year. One variety matures at one
time and another at another time.
When one kind is eaten off and no
longer sends up new growth, another
is just giving its greatest volume of
leaf and stalk. Summer and winter that
pasture is good. The cattle are not
kept on one pasture all of the time,
but are put on another pasture when
ever the first pasture shows a sign of
getting weak. One of the professors
said to the writer: "We could not pos
sibly put that land into any grain
;rop that would yield profit- equal to
that we receive from pasturing it."
That tells the story of the whole situa
tion as it exists north and south, so
far as pastures are concerned.
The good pasture mentioned is
watched as carefully as any part of the
farm and is given treatment of manures
whenever it needs it. The cattle on
it receive a daily feed of bran and oil
meal, and thus the ground daily re
ceives droppings rich in nitrogen. If it
ever does become thin it will be put
into some other crop for awhile. Thus
will be brought in the question of ro
tation of pastures, one of the greatest
of importance 011 thin or sandy lands.
In the south especially this work with
the pastures is one that should not be
neglected. If ever the southern , farm
is to be made a general farm it must
have a good pasture, and on some
lands, especially those that leak bad
ly, that means rotation of the pastures
with something else.
The writer does not wish to crictl
cise the work of any experiment sta
tion, but he cannot help feeling that
the subject under discussion is of
prima importance. Said one station
director, "Come and see our experi
mental grass plats; I notice you north
ern men that come down here always
inquire about them, and I reckon you
will be interested." Yes, the northern
farmer is Interested in 'the grasses, for
he knows that they are, in his section,
the basis of all general farming. He
cannot help wondering how the south
ern farmer can do anything without
them, at least for pasturage. We do
not believe that any obstacle exists in
the way of good pastures in the south,
and we hope they will receive full con
sideration by all the stations.
ftf aaacement of Boars.
"He should have a grass lot of at
least one-fourth of an acre, in which
there is a house six or seven feet
square, and shade to protect him from
the hot sun," says a contributor to
American Swineherd.
. "The lot should be inclosed with a
substantial fence, so it will be impos
sible, for him to ever break out. It is
almost impossible to cure a boar of
fence breaking when they once get in
that habit.
"In selecting a location for a boar
lot, I prefer to have It entirely separ
ated from the rest of the herd. In
fact, where he can neither see nor hear
the other hogs, for if the boar should
be one of the restless sort he will not
take time to eat or rest if placed along
beside the sows in breeding season,
and the boar that does not eat well
can never develop into a first-class ani
mal. Therefore, I consider that the
location of a boar's lot has much to do
in developing a young boar.
According to J. D. Smith, state en
tomologist of New Jersey, who has
spent three months examining the
fruit industry of Germany, France.
Belgium, Holland and Hungary, Ger
many offers the most promising field
for American fruit. He thinks France
is unfavorable and says that Europe
has very little to teach as in the treat
ment of insect enemies., for the con
clusive reason that pests are less
troublesome there than in this" coun
try. All that is best and purest in a man
is but the echo of a mother's benediction.

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