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1 TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $00. WA-KEENEY, KAN.. SATURDAY, JULY 13. 1901; H.S.GIVLER,Prop. NUMBER 19. A "T TALMAGE'S SERMON. "BE YE ANGRY AND SIN NOT" EPH. IV: 28. The 61b of Alcoholism Th Spirit of OmmbUn g Aid for tta Unbeliever Indlffoatloa Otm Fraud Mercy for the Err Ins One. Copyrigrht, 1901, by Louis Klopsch, N. T.) Washington, June 30. A delicate and difficult duty is by Dr. Talmage In this discourse urged upon all, and es pecially upon those given to quick temper; text, Ephesians iv, 26, "Be ye angry and sin not." Equipose of temper, kindness, pa tience, forbearance, are extolled by most of the radiant pens of inspiration, but my text contains that which at first eight is startling. A certain kind of anger is approved aye, we are com manded to indulge in it. The most of lis have no need to cultivate high tem per, and how often we say things and do things under affronted impulse which we are sorry for when perhaps it is too late to make effective apology! Why, then, should the apostle Paul dip his pen in the ink horn and trace upon parchment, afterward to be printed upon paper for all ages, the injunction, "Be ye angry and sin not?" My text commends a wholesome In dignation. It discriminates between the offense and the offender, the sin and the sinner, the crime and the criminal. To illustrate: Alcoholism has ruined more fortunes, blasted more homes, de stroyed more souls, than any evil that I think of. It pours a river of poison and fire through the nations. Millions have died because of it, and millions are dy ing now, and others will die. Intem perance is an old sin. The great Cyrus, writing to the Lacedemonians of hlm eelf, boasted of many of his qualities, among others, that he could drink and bear more wine than his distinguished brother. Louis X and Alexander the Great, died drunk. The parliament of Edinburgh in 1661 is called in history "the drunken parliament." Hugh Mil ler, the first stone mason and after ward a world renowned geologist, writes of the drinking habits of his day. saying: "When the foundation "was laid, they drank. When the walls were leveled for laying the joists, they drank. When the buildings were fin ished, they drank. When an apprentice Joined, they drank." In the eighteenth century the giver of an entertainment boasted that none of the guests went away sober. Noah, the first ship cap tain, was wrecked not in the ark, for that was safely landed but he was wrecked with strong drink. Every man or woman rightly constructed will blush with Indignation at the national and international and hemispheric and planetary curse. It is good to be aroused against it. You come out of that condition a better man or a better woman. Be ye angry at that abomina y tion. and the more anger the more ex altation to character. But that aroused feeling becomes sinful when it extends to the victim of this great eviL Drunk enness you are to hate with a vivid hatred; but the drunkard you are to pity, to help to extricate. Frmtratnl b? Alcoholism. Just take into consideration that there are men and women who once were as upright as yourself who have been prostrated by alcoholism. Per haps it came of a physician's prescrip tion for the relief of pain, a recurrence of the pain calling for'a continuance of the remedy; perhaps the grandfath er was an inebriate and the tempta tion to Inebriety, leaping over a gen eration, has swooped on this unfortu nate; perhaps it was under an at tempt to drown trouble that the be numbing and narcotic liquid was sought after; perhaps It was a gradual chaining of the man with the bever age which was thought to be a ser vant, when one day it announced it self master. Be humble now, and admit that there Is a strong probability that under the same circumstances you yourself might have . been captured. The two appropriate emotions for you to allow are indignation at the Intoxi cant which enthralled and sympathy for the victim. Try to get the sufferer out of his present environment; rec ommend any hygienic relief that you know of and. above all. implore the dl vine rescue for the struggle in which so many of the noblest and grandest , have been worsted. Do not give your self up to too many philippics about what the man ought to have been and ought to have done. While your cheek flushes with wrath at the foe that has brought ruin, let your eye be moisten ed with tears of pity for the sufferer. In that way you will have fulfilled the Injunction of the text. "Be ye angry and sin not." Tk Spirt of Gmaabllnc In Spain a don tost in 24 hours what equals $12,000,000. Twenty years ago It was estimated that the average gun bling exchange of money throughout Christendom exceeded 123,100,000,000 a year. But statistics 20 years ago would be tarns compared with the pres ent statistics if we could find any one able enough at figures to tabulate them. It is all the same spirit of ram feline, whether the instruments are cams or iue triiunius uiiib ur me turn ing wheel or the bids of the Stock Ex change, where people sell what they never owned and fall because they cannot get paid for it. A prominent banker tells me that he thinks 50,000 people financially prostrated by the recent insanities in Wall street. Here and there a case Is reported, but the vast majority suffer In silence. The children are brought home from school the wardrobe be denied replenishment, the table will have scant supply, wild generosity will be turned into grim want. Forty years from now will be felt the disaster of last month's black Thursday. Can you hear the story of the unprin cipled manipulators of stocks and of the devices of the gambling saloon to entrap the verdant and unsuspicious without having your pulses tingle, and !. ... your heart thump, and your entire na ture shocked with the villainy? If so, you are not much of a man or much of a woman. You ought to be angry, for there is no sin in such vehement dis- i like. You ought to be so angry that you could not repress your feelings in the presence of young men who are Just forming their life theories. In every possible way you ought to denounce such stupendous robbery. Let it be known that the only successful game in which a man plays for money is the one which a man loses all and stop3. InoHjrnetlon Over Fraud. There is another sin that we are of tentimes called to be angry with, and that is fraud. We all like honesty, and when it Is sacrifiecd we are vehement in denunciation. We hope that the de tectives will soon come upon the track of the absconding bank official, of the burglar who blew up the safe, of the clerk who skillfully changed the figures in the account bcok, of the falsifier who secured the loan on valueless property, of the agent who because of his per centage wrongfully admits a man to the benefit of a life insurance policy when his heart 13 ready to stop and who comes from an ancestry char acteristically short lived. One act of fraud told of in big head lines in the morning papers rightfully arouses the nation's wrath. It is the interest of every good man and good woman who reads of the crime to have it exposed and punished. Let it go' unscathed, and you put a premium on fraud, you depress public morals, you induce those who are on the fence be tween right and wrong to get down on the wrong side, and you put the busi ness of the world on a down grade. The constabulary and penitentiary must do their work. But while the merciless and the godless cry: "Good for him! I am glad he is within prison doors!" be it your work to find out if the man is worth saving and what were the causes of his moral overthrow. Per haps he started in business life under a tricky firm, who gave him wrong no tions of business integrity; perhaps there was a combination of circum stances almost unparalleled for temp tation; perhaps there were allevia tions; perhaps he was born wrong and never got over it; perhaps he did not realize what he was doing, and if you are a merciful man you will think of other perhaps which, though thsy may not excuse, will extenuate. Per haps he has already repented aud is washed in the blood of the Lamb and Is as sure of heaven as you are. What an opportunity you have now for obey ing my text. You were angry at the misdemeanor, but you are hopeful for the recovery of the recalcitrant. Blessed all prison reformers! Blessed are those governors and presidents who are glad when they have a chance to pardon! Blessed the forgiving father who welcomes home the prodigal. Blessed the dying thief whom the Lord took with him to glory, saying, "This day shalt thou be with me in para dise!" Help for the Unbeliever. Have a lightning in your eye and a flush in your cheek and a frown on your brow for a dastardy that would blot out the sun and moon and stars of Christianity and leave all thin 2s in an arctic night, the cold equal to the darkness. You do well to be angry, but how about those who have been flung of scepticism, and that is more mil lions than you will ever know of until the judgment day reveals everything. Ah, here comes your opportunity for gentleness, kindness, and sympathy. The probability is that if you had been plied with the same in fluence as this unbeliever there would not be a Bible in all your house from cellar to attic. Per- all your house from cellar to attic. Per haps he was in some important trans action swindled by a member of the church whose taking of the sacrament was a sacrilege. Perhaps he read agnos tic books and heard agnostic lectures and mingled in agnostic circles until he has been befogged and needs your Christian help more than any one that you know of. Do not get into any labor ed argument about the truth of Chris tianity. He may beat you at that. He has a whole artillery of weapons ready to open fire. Remember that no one was ever re formed for this life or saved for the life to come by an argument, but in bum- blest and gentlest way, your voice sub dued, ask him a few Questions. Ask him if he had a Christian parentage, and if he says yes ask him whether the old folks died happy. Ask him if he has ever heard of any one going out of this life In raptures of infidelity and agnosticism. Ask him if it is not a somewhat remarkable fact that the Bible, after so many years, sticks to gether and that there are more copies of It in existence than ever before. Ask him if he knows of any better civilization than Christian civilization and whether he thinks the teachings of Confucius or Christ are preferable. Ask him if he tninks it would be a fair thing in the Creator of all things to put in this world the human race and give them no direct communication for their guidance and, if they did wrong, tell them of no way of recovery, I think if a famous infidel of our time, instead of being taken away instantaneously, had died in his bed after weeks and months of illness he would have revoked his teachings and left for his beloved fam ily consolations which they could not find in obsequies at which not one word of Holy Scripture was read, or at Fresh Pond crematory, where no Chris tian benediction was pronounced. I do not positively say that In a pro longed Illness there would have been a retraction, but I think there would. The Work of mn In.tant. man thoroughly mad can say enough in two minutes to damage him for 20 years. It took only five minutes for the earthquake to destroy Caracas. One unfortunate sentence uttered in affront in a speech in the United States senate shut forever the door of the White House against one of the most brilliant men of the last century. You can -never trust a horse that has once run away, and you do not feel like trusting a man who has just once lost his equilibrium. You need to drive your temper as a man drives a frac tious span amid the explosions of a Fourth of July morning or the pyro technics of the Fourth of July night, with curbed bit, taut rein, commanding voice mastering yourself and master ing what you drive. If you are natur ally high tempered, do not unnecessar ily go among irritations and provoca tions. Do not build a blast furnace next to a gunpowder mill. Then, also, such demonstrations of ungovernabil ity belittle one.. - Men take out tbeir lead pencils and In estimating such a one take 50 per 'cent off. About the most hideous spectacle on earth is an angry man or woman burning not with anger commanded in my text, but with the sin represented. After such a dis play of gall, irrascibility, virulence, his influence with many is forever gone. The world is full of politicians, doctors, lawyers, merchants, mechanics, min isters, housewives, who have by such explosions been blown to pieces. I say to all young men hoping to achieve financial, moral or religious success control your tempers. Do not let criticism or defeat rebuff you. Verdi, the great musician, applied to become a student in the Conservatory of Music at Milan and he was rejected by the di rector, who said that he could make nothing of the newcomer, as he showed no disposition for music. But the crit icism did not exasperate or defeat him. The most of those who have largely succeeded in all departments were characterized by self control. In battle they would calmly look at the bomb thrown at their feet,wondering whether it would explode. In commercial life, when panics smote the city, these men were placid, while others were yelling themselves hoarse at the Stock Ex change. While others nearly swooned because a certain stock had gone 100 points down they calmly waited until it would get 100 points up. While the opposing attorney in the courtroom frothed at the mouth with rage because of something said on the other side, he of the equipoise put a glass of water to his lips In refreshment and proceeded with the remark, "As I was saying when the gentleman interrupted me." Self control! What a glorious thing! We want it in the doctor feeling the pulse of one desperately ill, we want it In the engineer when the head light of another train comes round the curve on the same trck. We want it in Christian men and women in times when so much in church and state seem going to demolition self control! What are you going to be good for, O man or woman in a world like this, ever and anon your dander up, and so often in the sulks? We admit tuat you have many things to stir your blood and fill you with wholesome indigna tion, but going to such extremes you offend my text, which says you must discriminate and not lose your self control, "Be ye angry and sin not." rorewr Ldf. of White Boon. Miss Letitia Semple, daughter ot President Tyler, and so a former mis tress of the white house, is living in Washington and was present at the reception given to Mrs. Daniel Mann ing and the Daughters of the Ameri can Revolution. She was spoken, of as "the little lady in black, with a quaker bonnet," for few knew her. She has for years been an Inmate of the Louise home, established by Banker Corcoran In memory of his wife and daughter and endowed for the benefit of gentlewomen of southern birth who are in reduced circumstances. FARM AND GARDEN. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS. tp-to-Dto Hint Alxmt CnlU-rn-' tion of the Sou ud Ylelda Thereof -Horticulture. VltMiultnro end Vlorlcoi- Uipplng- Sheep. The dipping of sheep is an annual duty for every sheep breeder to fol low or should be so considered. Many shepherds from laziness or some other similarly senseless reason or none, neg lect to dip their sheep with the result that they lose a good deal of growth that might otherwise be set down to profit and also run the risk of getting skin disease among their sheep which will be found very hard to eradicate after it has once become well rooted. There was a time when the dipping of sheep was rather a formidable un dertaking for the reason that people did not have the proper appliances and at the same time had to concoct won derful brews of dope in which to im merse the unfortunate animals. At that time the dipping tank with its runways and dripping platforms was unknown and dips used were largely home productions of a highly poison ous character. Numbers of sheep were poisoned annually, some from absorp tion of arsenic or corrosive sublimate, others from taking the arsenic into their stomachs while grazing pastures where sheep had been turned out after dipping in arsenical dips. Nowadays the construction of proper dipping tanks is well understood and there are numbers of effective dips upon the market which merely require the ad dition of water to make them ready for effective work either for the de struction of ticks or for the cure of scab. Of the dips referred to the most easily prepared for use are those made from tar and of these may be cited the popular, economical and effective ones advertised in our columns. There has been a vast deal of discussion pro and con as to the merits and demerits of sulphur and lime concoctions, but the weight of testimony has in our opinion been clearly against the use of this combination which while fair Ineffective has the draw back of being highly detrimental to the wool. On the other hand there are many who claim with good reason that dips of the tar product variety are a positive advan tage to the wool In that they keep it soft and full of vigor and when 4ised after shearing stimulate a rapid and healthy growth. That noted authority upon sheep Richard Gibson of Can ada advises that sheep should be dipped three time3 a year not because there will be three crops of ticks, but because increase of both wool and mutton will result. He adds:"A rich man may discard the use of dip; a poor man cannot afford to do so. This is a fair view of the matter and we are strongly of the opinion that any reader of this paper who has not made it a practice to dip his sheep at least once a year will find it a very profitable practice to follow in the future. The best time to dip sheep is just after shearing in that the dip then gets into closer contact with the skin and will therefore prove most effective both in destroying any ticks that may be present, curing skin trouble which may be in the incipient stage and in stimulating a fresh growth of healthy, long stapled wooL At this time too all of the young lambs should be dipped for the reason that the ticks will have largely migrated to their tender bodies causing untold misery and at the same time retarding growth and health. It has further been found that where sheep and lambs are prop erly dipped at the season of the year indicated that the dip will retain suf ficient strength for some time to keep away both gad flies whose larvae en ter the nostrils causing the grubs which later torment the victims and even lead to fatal results in some in stances, and the other common fly which deposits eggs about the anus or in any sores that may exist upon the body, later producing a crop of horrid maggots which prove a source of suffering and emaciation to the sheep and disgust to the owner. Viewed from every standpoint we can think of the dipping of sheep is sen sible .and hygienic Dletenee of Planting Prof. L. R Taft says: In setting trees the following distances will be found desirable under ordinary condi tions. Apples, thirty-five to forty feet; pears, standard. twenty-five feet; pears, dwarf, fifteen feet; plums, eight een to twenty feet; peaches, twenty feet; cherries, sweet, twenty-five feet; cnernes, sour, twenty feet; grapes, ten by ten to ten by twelve feet for strong growing sorts and eight by ten to ten by -ten for the weak growing varieties; blackberries eight by three feet to eight by five feet for large sorts, and seven by. three feet for the small sorts; raspberries seven by three feet to eight by four feet for the tall grow ing varieties, and six by three to seven by three feet for the smaller sorts; currants and gooseberries, six by six feet If in squares, or seven to eight feet by five feet In the rows, and the En glish varieties of gooseberries ss close as five by five feet; strawberries, three and one-half to four, by one and one half to two feet, for matted row plant ing, and for hill culture twenty inches to two feet or two and one-half feet if arranged in squares, or three toVhree and one-half feet between the rows, with the plants twelve to eighteen inches apart. While the longer dis tances may seem a waste of room, the trees and plants, when full grown, will occupy the entire space, if given good care, on strong soil, and not only will it greatly assist in cultivating, as it will make the use of the larger tools possible, but. especially in dry sea sons, the fruit will be much larger and better colored. Where fungous diseases are trouble some, the planting of trees at a good distance apart will permit the entrance of the sun's rays and the circulation of the air between the trees and lessen the injury from disease. While it may be admissible under some conditions we advise against the planting of fruits of various kinds upon the same ground. Some persons seem to think that the planting of peaches between apples, and then setting raspberries or black berries between the peaches, . and strawberries between the rows of rasp berries will effect a saving of space, but although it may be followed to some -extent in the fruit garden, the practice is not ordinarily advisable in commercial plantations, as, even while the trees are small, they do not require the same care and none of them will do as well as If planted by themselves. Within a short time the roots of the trees will occupy the ground and noth ing should be allowed to interfere with their growth. Even though the inter mediate trees and plants are set with an idea of removing them before the trees need the space, it seldom hap pens that this is done until after some injury has been caused. While we do not recommend it as a desirable practice, it will be less ob jectionable to plant early-bearing and short-lived varieties of apples between the rows, or at least in the rows with the trees, of slow-growing, late-bear-le kinds like Northern Spy. Where tse permanent trees are planted forty feet apart, it will generally be a dozen or fifteen years before there would be any very serious Injury, if trees of Wagener, Jonathan and some of the other varieties were placed between them, so as to have the ground occu pied by trees located twenty feet apart each way, In doing this, however, the supplying of the proper amount of plant food to make up for the in creased drain upon the ground must not be negrected, and before the trees become so large that the branches in terlace, the intermediate trees should be removed. If this is done, there will be comparatively little injurious effect upon the growth of the permanent trees, and the crops secured from the "fillers" up to the time of their re moval should several times repay the entire cost of the orchard at that time. Observation on - Southern Horticulture. The question of transportation of fruit is the great one at present. In northern Alabama and in some parts of southern Tennessee the strawberries were rotting on the vines this spring at a time when they were selling for 15 cents per box in Chicago. They had been picked to supply the local demand till the prices fell to a point wh.ere picking was no longer profit able. The price was low because the growers were virtually cut off from a market. Within a few hours from that time, the writer was in Atlanta, where berries were selling from wagons at from 7 to 12 cents per box. The growers around Atlanta simply had access to a good market. There are certain fruits better suit ed to the sandy lands than others and these only should be grown. We men tion the peach and plum, the cherry and the grape, and the Kieffer pear. At Southern Pines only two varieties of grapes are being grown the Del aware and the Niagara. These two varieties are Jest suited to the soil and conditions mentioned. Of the two, the Delaware probably stands at the head. This is due to the fact that it is less affected by grape diseases than the other, and also to the fact that it sells at a higher price in the market. The Delaware should be extensively grown in the South, for it is hard to overstock the markets with this vari ety. The Niagara Is profitable where the marketing conditions are favor able. Many of the other varieties of grapes require a stronger soil than the varieties we have mentioned. Ohio College XNklrr. The agricultural department of the Ohio State University owns a herd of forty cows and retails milk In the city of Columbus. The annual gross re ceipts from the sale of milk average sixty-five hundred dollars. All of the work of earing for the cows, milking, separating, pasteurizing, bottling, and delivering the milk to customers is done by students in the agricultural courses. In this way many worthy young men earn a part, and In some cases all. of their college expense who would, without such help be unable to secure a college education. Sugar and tobacco Imports yield a revenue to this country of 170.000.000 a year. - ' There has been a record vintage in South Australia. Secondary Abseeseee, It Is not uncommon when young lambs or other young animals die and are opened to find abscesses in the liv er and these may be associated with similar abscesses in the joints or else where. The earliest experience ot the writer with such abscesses was in the lambs of a flock of in-and-inbred Bor der Leicester ewes, raised upon the low lying, rich, alluvial soil in the Till valley of Northumberland, Eng land. The Iambs referred to probably showed all the ills that such weaken ed animals are heir to, and many were the discussions as to the nature and cause of the various lesions discovered upon post mortem examination. The white-nosed lambs were invariably the seat of all manner of unsoundness, and on general principles we were strongly tempted to knock them on the head at birth, so seldom did they sur vive more than a few days. In most of these and in some of the remaining lambs, that were apparently healthy for a day or two we found, on opening them after death, that the liver was a mass of pus, which in some had burst, and in others remained enclosed in a cyst. In the liver of one lamb' there was a large abscess, and some smaller ones. The large one was ad herent to the diaphragm and had an opening into the right side of the chest where extensive Inflammation and ad hesion of the pleura had taken place caused by the fluid portion of the ab scess being discharged into the pleural cavity. In others the entire liver was disorganiezd and the parts presented the appearance of a mass of corrup tion. For a long time we were at a loss to explain these abscesses, and shepherds consulted attributed them to tuberculosis and thought that they were inherited from the ewes and ex isted at time of birth. Later on how ever, we came to the conclusion, and have no reason to think otherwise since, that the abscesses are due to suppurative microbes-stryptococcl which gained access to the system at the raw navel cord. The open umbilical vein pre sents a highway, so to speak, for the carrying of germs to the liver and in all the cases thoroughly examined, the navel cord was found to be inflam ed and discharging a thin pus. In some instances the navel cord had shriveled . up and fallen oft, but an angry spot remained and this offered a suitable place for the lodgment and propaga tion of the noxious germs. When the germ gains entrance an abscess usu ally forms around the navel; pus is generated and is carried into the cir culation in due course of time to form fresh colonies in the liver or in the joints and we then -have a typical case of "joint ill" which is not gener ally recognized as such, but is apt to be considered rheumatism or tuber cular swelling. The raw navel of ev ery young animal including the hu man infant should be most carefully attended to. It is not merely neces sary to cut and tie it to stop profuse bleeding. It should be remembered that the . system is wide open at this point, and futher that the cord itself is bound to decompose and the products of de composition absorbed into the system are liable to produce blood poisoning or pus infection. Thousands of young animals yes infants too succumb annually to such . poisoning, due en tirely to ignorance of the subject, hence we would most strongly advo cate the Invariable application of strong antiseptic solutions to the na vel cord, at time of birth and until it is entirely healed up. Any good disin fectant will do the work necessary. For infants and lambs nothing is bet ter than a mixture of one part of iodo form with six parts of boracic acid to be applied to the navel upon antiseptic cotton retained in place by means of a bandage and to be renewed once dally. A strong solution of carbolic acid or similar disinfectant, one drachm in eight ounces of water, applied two or three tlme3 daily will also prove ef fective as a preventive, but the most effective of all Is a strong solution of corrosive sublimate in water. In addi tion to the application of medicine the lambing pen. and similar places for other animals should be kept scrupu lously clean. Live Stock Kewa . It is said that lambing in southern Arizona will average 100 per cent this year as against sixty-five per cent last season, and this is the best percentage in two years. The winter was extra mild and sheep came out in fine condi tion. The ranges were never in better condition, and the grass is of excellent growth thus far this season. Sheep-killing dogs are so numerous in many sections of the south as to discourage farmers from attempting to keep flocks, for which they have am ple range. A bulletin by the govern ment recently published emphasizes the value of Angora goats as a protec tion for flocks of sheep from the rav ages of dogs. An outbreak of cattle poisoning which occurred in the Gallatin Basin, Montana, and which resulted in the death of forty cattle, was investigated. It was found that the poisoning was due to the species of larkspur known as Delphinium glaucum. and that this plant had been apparently eaten in un usual quantities, on account of the fact, that other green forage was severed by a recent fall of snow.