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TO HONOE A BANDIT.
BAD MAN WHO WAS THE TER ROR OF KANSAS And Who Sent Fifty-Two Mob to His Private Gimnrui to Htra m Hone mBt Erected to Ells Memory at Wichita How Ho Died. (Wichita Let'er.) One of the most note cowboys and bandits who ever drew r gun on an en emy is it is said, to have a monument erected to him in West Wichita. He is Jack Ledford, who fell in West Wichi ta in" 1871, while fighting a whole com pany of regular soldiers. Already Led ford's friends have raised $300 for the monument, and soon work will be be gun to erect a shaft on the very spot where Ledford fell. During the civil war Ledford was a cout under Gen. Phil Sheridan. At Springfield, Mo., he got into a fight .with some of the . opposing side, and killed six without stopping to reload his revolver. Then he made for the Missouri river and under a heavy fire swam to the Kansas side. After that he quit scouting and turned outlaw. His headquarters were Wi the Arkansas river bottoms, near Wichita, and his field of operations along, the. line of the' southern stage coach route, run ning from Fort Sill to Wichita. Once he held up a 40-wagon government train alone, and rifled the mail bags of thousands of dollars. He was the orig inal lone bandit who has in late years thrived in the wilds of Arizona. Han-ly wltb tbe Pistol. Ledford always carried two" revolvers with him, and could hit the mark ev ery time. One of his favorite tricks was to take a revolver in each hand, and twirling them around, snap the hammer between the cartridges, all the while pointing the muzzle in the face of a friend. It was great sport for him, but a single slip of-Ahe finger would have put the bullet in his friend's head. Luckily he was sure of the trigger. Another feat was to shoot the nails out of the walls of saloons and allow the costly paintings to crash HOW LEDFORD MADE LOVE. on the floor. Shooting up the mirror or smashing lights were beneath his dignity. South "of Wichita In an unexplored region was the rendezvous of the Led ford bandits. After robbing stage coaches until they almost quit carry- fncr mnnov Tnr1r nrvanivafl a ViotiH nf borsethieves and acted as leader. The man who owned a valuable horse could not keep it long after Ledford's band learned where he stabled. The gang rode fine Kentucky-bred horses and lived on the 'fat of the land, as it were. The surrounding country was then in such a wild state that the gang felt perrfectly safe in visiting Wichita whenever tbey chose. Horse stealing was not considered such a crime in those days. Ld ford's Love-Making. At that time in Wichita a German doctor named Vigus owned the leading hotel. He was also the father of a pretty girl, named . Agnes. She was a buxom lass, with, a wealth of Jong brown hair, a full face, and sunny blue eyes. She fell in love . with Ledford, "the bandit king," aa he was pleased to style himself. r -. The Hotel Vigus was the scene of many gay revelries, the dancing lasting until daylight. Ledford was a star fig ure at these dances, and he made no at tempt to conceal his love for the little German girl.. Her father was furious, but it could not be stopped: - One day the girl was by prearrangement stand ing in front of her father's hotel, when Ledford came riding down Douglas avenue like the wind. He drew near the platform, but did not stop. As he reached the girl he swung partially from his saddle, caught her around tbe waist and raised her into the saddle. For half an hour they galloped about town, she sitting, on the great Ken tucky horse in front of her sweetheart, the picture of contentment and happi ness. After they had enjoyed them selves to their own notion he rode by again and sat her lightly on the plat form. This was what he called buggy riding. The old German objected to it, but his daughter insisted on standing near the sidewalk on certain days. Once when Ledford came riding, down to his sweetheart he . found her on the walk, but back of her was the father With a shotgun drawn and ready for action. - "If you ke her, I shoot," he yelled. "Well, old man, you'll have to shoot." Ledford reached down and grabbed the girl from the arms of her father, as it were, and they took their ride as though nothing had occurred. In a fight between , a stage coach driver and Ledford .In 1870 the latter was injured. He was taken to the ren dezvous, and a doctor was kidnapped from Wichita, blindfolded, and taken In a roundabout way to the outlaw J camp. There he was coman&ed to at tend to Ledford's wounds. Beforased ojr at Girl. When it was thought the man-killer was going to die he sent for his sweet heart. She came, and Dr. Holland, of the regular army corps, who witnessed the scene, thus describes it: "Jack wanted her to marry him. but she refused. She cried a great deal of the time, and told Jack that she loved him, but that she had promised her mother never to marry him as long as he was an outlaw. He remained silent a while, and then announced that he would give up the outlaw business if she would marry him. The girl seemed pleased and kissed him. He wanted her to marry him then, but she insist ed that time be given in which to prove that he was speaking the truth. It went hard with the outlaw, I could see that, to have his power overruled by a woman, but he was madly in love. So he agreed, and after a hard tussle he recovered and reformed." . It was quite a surprise to the com munity when Jack anounced himself a candidate for sheriff of Sedgwick county at the election in the fall of 1870. To every man from whom he sought a vote he said: "If I am elected sheriff of this county there will 'be no more horses stolen around these parts." Of that thecitizens were well aware, and they elected him. Shortly after his election the governor ruled that the election bad .not been conducted prop erly, and appointed the officers then in to fill the next term. Jack was chta grined, but he did not go back to rob bing. Later he married the Vigus girl, and the wedding was a matter of much im portance in Wichita. The bandit, under the gentle rulings of his wife, com pletely reformed, even to drinking. Their life would have went on very smoothly, perhaps, had it not been for the coming of Sam Lee, a former sweetheart of Agnes". He found that a big reward was offered for Ledford, but the officers at Fort Harker did not know his whereabouts. Lee informed them and secured $2,000. The Killing or I xl ror.I. Capt. Harger, of Company B, Sixth United States Infantry, with a full quota of men, came to Wichita one morning in July, 1871. They found Jack in a room playing billiards. He was or dered to come out, but refused. Finally one soldier slipped in the rear of the room and shot him in the back. This enraged the fighter and he ran out into the street, fighting with two pistols. He killed four of them before he was disabled. When removed to the hotel, he inquired how many he had killed. In a few days Ledford died. On his re volver butts were found - 52 tacks, which," his intimate friends said, indi cated that he killed that number of men. 1 A NEW SYSTEM. Decidedly Interesting, aa Ita Workings Are Exemplified. In Cnlcas-o- The Speers system of imparting use ful knowledge to the young, as ex emplified in Chicago, is not a novel one. With modifications, it is the same system used in training perform ing monkeys and dogs. The learned pig gets his education by the Speers method and so the system may justly claim to'be well grounded. In the Speers system as prepared for the little bipeds of Chicago, the teacher points out on the Speers chart the word "hop." Then the teacher hops and the children hop. The next word is "skip," and the teacher skips and the children skip." - If the next word f Is -grin," they all grin. If it is "wink," they all wink. It is fun as well as profit, you see especially for the teacher. When it reaches "flip-flap" and "summersault" it becomes more so. "What is that word," George?" says the fond Chicago father to his bright off-spring. "Pronounce it for me, daddy," says the bright off spring. "Reverse," replied daddy. "Ah, I know," cries Master George, and at once stands on his head. It certain ly is a nice 1 system. Pennsylvania Grit. Kentoeky the Beams of reate. Nowhere is the fued so common, so old, so persistent, so deadly, aa in the Kentucky mountains. Nowhere else is there such organization, such di vision of enmity to the limit of kin-' ship. About thirty-five years ago two boys were playing marbles in tbe road along the Cumberland river' down in the Kentucky mountains. One had a patch on his trousers. . The other boy made fun of it, and the boy with the patch went home and told hie father. Thirty years of local war was the result. The factions fought on after they had forgotten why they had fought at all. While organized warfare Is now over, an occasional fight yet comes over the patch on those trousers and a man or two is killed. A county as big as Rhode Is land i still bitterly divided on tin subject. " . . The Booth I Waklag- Cp. England in the sixteenth century felt the first decided movings on the same impulse that now throbs from Virginia to Texas. She went into the critical period a third rate, or, it is more ac curate bo .say, a fourth-rate power; she came out an acknowledged leader among nations, with a primacy the strength and duration of which no one now hesitates to attribute in great pari to the commercial ascendancy ac quired through her immense manufac turing interests. Few win dispute the claim that when the subjects of Eliza beth ceased to send their fleeces to bt woven to Flanders and dyed in Flor ence they had worked out an achieve ment of better worth and more notable results than when they defeated Phil ip's armada. Munton's Magazine. A MEXICAN OYEN. AN OBJECT THAT IS EXCEED - INC LY USESUL. It Clearly Shows One of the X Mdr. tsrM of What We Believe to Be the Ula-ner Civilization The rood 1 4.1 waya Well CookeX - V. (Trinidad, Col., Letter.) The queer-looking object illustrated in this article is not a hut nor a cala boose, but an adobe oven such as is commonly seen in Mexico and in our own - border states. This particular oven is oae of many similar to it in El Moro, CoL, near Trinidad, and it is used by several families for all of their baking. While the bread, meats and pies are being prepared, the oven is filled witn wood which is set on fire, but burns very slowly, as the hole: near the top foe the escape of the smoke is but small, and there is little draft as the door is closed as tightly as possible. When it is thoroughly heated the fire is raked out, the food put in quickly I and the door shut np again. The baking is said to be very even and always eure, so the natives have I some reason for clinging, to .this, the method of their ancestors, or rather ancestresses; and it may be done with cleanliness. The word adobe as pronounced by them is simply "dobe," the "a" being . dropped entirely. It is also self-ex planatory, meaning "sun dried." This baked clay is used for making houses which are well suited to that sun baked country, for they are as cool within as those built of stone, and, of ' fortunate thing, is that adobe houses are quickly built. . If it took six months to put one up I fear the half- ( breeds would prefer to go without. i Yet their indolence 13 not without some excuse, for the summers are very long and torturously hot; besides, one often sees commodious, well-finished adobe houses, vine-covered and every bit as attractive as the ordinary brick cottage. Both houses and ovens last for sev- A MEXICAN OVEN. ' " eral generations. If the latter -should burn out in spots all that the owner has to do is to patch up the hole with fresh clay, and borrow her neighbor's oven for one baking while it dries. Watching this simple mode of life, one is forced to admit that civilization has its disadvantages. Animals Shed Tears. That animals shed tears is now fair ly well established. Lady Burton says she has seen horses in the Syrian des ert cry from thirst, a mule cry from the pain of an injured foot, and camels shed tears in streams. A cow, sold by its mistress who had tended it from birth, wept pitifully. A young sjoko ape used to cry of vexation if Livingstone didn't nurse it. in his arms when it asked him to. Wounded apes have died crying, and apes have- wept .over their young ones slaim by hunters. A chim panzee trained to carry water jugs broke one, and feel a-crying, which proved sorrow, though it wouldn't mend the jug. Rata, discovering a young one drowned, have been moved to tears of grief. A giraffe which a huntsman's rifle had injured began to cry. Sea lions weep for the loss of their young. Gordon Cummings observed tears trickling from the eyes of a dying elephant. And even an orang-outang, when, deprived of its mango, was so vexed that it took to crying. There can be little doubt, therefore, that animals do weep from grief, or pain, or an noyance. - : Sea Dikes of too Xethertast-ta. There are at present about 1,000 in ilea of sea dikes in the Netherlands. The total length of dikes is difficult to estimate, and even if it could be esti mated would mean bnt little, for it must be remembered that the dikes have for the most part tn the course of time been destroyed and rebuilt re peatedly. It has not been so synch a question of building them as it has been of maintaining them and keeping them where they were. Besides pro tecting the country from the invasions of both fresh and salt waters, the dikes have served to reclaim no less than 210,000 acres, nearly all of which are good, fertile land. QatttleatlMs of ao C-eptaJne. On some of the foreign steamship lines the captains are naval officers, and, in case of war, would retain their commands. On the German steamers the officers must first serve a year or so In the naval reserve. On the French line each member of the crew must serve a time on a vessel of war. On the majority of ships, however, the officers are men of the sea, who have fought their way np. step by step, entirely by merit, and not at all by favor. On the American line, even after a man - has reached the rank of captain, he must pass si rigid examination every five I rears. Collier's Weekly. THE POLAR BEAR. Fossa of His Characteristics Described by mm Observer. The character of the polar bear is a curious mixture of cowardice and daring, for it will fly at the sight of man. but will often come close up to the huts and sometimes -even try to enter-them. ' When met with in the water, bea-s are killed with harpoons. On receiv ing the first wound, the animal utte.s loud roars, seizes the weapon with his teeth, pulls it out of the injured part and hurls it far away Sometimes, but by no means invariably, It will turn upon its assailant. Quick" y it re ceives another spear or bird arrow from a second kayak man, . against whom it turns after treating his weap on in the same manner, and some times breaking It, and in this way the struggle is continued until the bear is overcome. The most important pre cautionary rule which the hunters have to observe is, when during the fight the animal has dived, to keep a sharp lookout down into the water in order that it may not come up unawares right under the kayak. Its white gleam can always be seen when it approaches the surface, and there is time to get away if it be coming too near. "When a bear is en countered In the water, or amid some what scattered ice. its capture is con sidered a certainty for, although an excellent swimmer, it cannot get away from a kayak. In the northern colo nies where they are seldom seen, the Greenlanders appear to be afraid of them, but such is far from being the case in the Julianshaab district, where, in the water, at any rate, they are con sidered much less dangerous than the walrus or the hooded seal. BOUGHT FOR $200,000. Interesting History of Senator Claries' Ureal Copper -Mine. Like all . rich mines, - the United Verde, the greatest copper mine in the world and which is owned by Senator W. . A.- Clark of Montana, has an in teresting history. Clark bought the mine, which now earns $12,000,000 a year profits, from two women for $200,000. This was the way it came about. Two ranchers in the Verde valley located the property. They sold out for $10,000 to William Murray and former Gov. Trittle of Arizona. One of the ranchers promptly proceeded to drink himself into delirium tremens vith his share of the money. Murray and Trittle induced two New York women of independent "fortune to back them to the extent of $200,000 in the development of the mine. This money was nearly all spent and the prospects were blue when the miners struck a pocket of silver ore that paid $80,000. Murray died and Trittle failed to get any more profit out of the mine. It was -abandoned for several years. Clark with his foreman came down from Montana looking for mining property. They saw the Verde, liked it,, went to New York, found the wom-j en only too glad to sell their stock for its face value - and got possession. Clark proceeded to develop the mine scientifically and soon found that he was "right on the ore chute," as min ers say. Then he built a hundred-ton smelter and set about' taking out the ore that has made him the copper king of the world. There are. about 3,000 shares of stock in the mining company and Senator Clark owns them all. - ' Reading- Aland Is Beneficial. Reading aloud is recommended by physicians as a benefit to persons af fected with any chest complaint. The reommendation is made because in all cases of lung trouble it is important for the sufferer to indulge in exercise by which the chest is in part filled by and emptied of air, for the exercise Is strengthening to the throat, lungs and muscles of the chest. Reading aloud can be practiced by all and besides being: a curative act can be a pleasure and profit to both reader and hearers. In this treatment it is recommended that an overdose of medicine be avoid ed that the reading be deliberate, with out being allowed to drag, that the enunciation be clear, the body be held in an easy, unstrained, upright -position, so that the chest shall have free play, and that the breathing be natural and as deep aa possible, without undue effort. Indian Cnlld's Blf Lssk. Whiteboy, an Indian, of a ' tribe In Wisconsin, who was feared to have been foully- dealt with, baa turned .up in Nebraska, heir to a - large ranch. There is a bitter feud between Chief Whiteboy and the Waukon brothers of the same tribe, enlivened recently by a love romance, and it was feared that he .had gotten into more trouble with the brothers. When the United States settled with some of the Indiana .In Nebraska years a go. Whiteboy 's parents took a large tract of land in Nebraska, where they have since grown wealthy. Both died recently,, and ,'. Whiteboy wisned to acquire his new riches un "known to his enemies. Little Slst'l Korfy Oaard. The little king of Spain la guarded every night by a body of picked men, who are natives of Espinosa, and have served wth distinction in the army. It is by them the gates are locked at midnight and with ceremonious sol emnity reopened at 7 o'clock in the morning. Should on of 'this guard prove false to the person of his sov ereign Spanish faith in Spanish loyalty would die aa If by lightning stroke and something very dreadful would happen to the traitor. It is a curious custom of very ancient tradition, which the queen regent has not been sorry to maintain. Carried Off the Beer Macs. . At the recent Commers, at Bonn, In honor of tne German crown prince, at which the kaiser was present, an un pleasant incident arose. The guests thought that the beer mugs were keep sakes, and carried off 650 of them. The "Borussia" corps, which acted as host, instead of settling for the mugs, has asked the guests who carried them away either to return them or to send 30 cents to the proprietor of .the res taurant where the Commers was held. Ladles Can Wear Shoes. One size smaller after using Allen's Foot Ease, a powder. It makes tight or new hoes easy. Cures swo lea. hot.sweatinfT, aching feet, inprowin r sails, corns and bunions. All dru rg sts and shea) stores, 5c Trial package FREE by maiL Ad dress Allen S. Olmsted, Le JEoy, N.Y. The man who begrudges himself an occasional hearty laugh is the worst kind of a miser. Mrs. Wlnalow's Sooth la a ay-ran. For children teething, softens the gams, reduces trr If1"". "'TT"ll 1 35cabottie Plso's Core Is we best medicine we ever used for all affections of tbe throat and lungs- Was, O. uaui, Vanburen. Ind,. Feb. 10, 1000, - Interest sometimes assumes the role of disinterestedness for. -nurpose. No family, snop, uip. camp or per son should be without Wizard Oil for very painful accident or emergency. It is more blessed to give a bill than it is to pay one. DO TOUR CUirHES LOOK IBLLOWT If so, use Red Cross Ball Blue. It will make them white as snow 2 ox. package 5 cents. CORN AND Send for our bosk, COMSTOCK LUJVU; U Price. DO YOU SHOOT? If you do you should send your name and address on a postal card for W0NCD11E8"1TG2 GUN CATALOGUE. IT'S FREE. It illustrates and describes all the different Winchester Rifles, Shotguns and Ammunition, and contains much valuable information. Send at once to the Winchester Repeating Arms Co., ' New Haven, Conn. ," jja MILLIONS OF MOTHERS USE CUTICURA SOAP ASSISTED BY CUTI CURA OINTMENT THE GREAT SKIN CURE For pteserriazt purifying, and fceautifvine; the st-fri of infants and children, for rashes, itchings, ana dialings, for cleansing the scalp of crusts, scales, and dandruff, and the stopping of falling hair, for softening, whitening, and soothing' red,rough, and sore hands, and for all the purposes of the toilet, hath, and nursery. Millions of Women use Cuticura Soap in the form of baths for annoying irritations, inflammations, and excoriations, for too free or offensive perspiration, in the form of washes for ulcerative weaknesses, and for many sanative, antiseptic purposes which readily' suggest themselves to -women, especially mothers.. No amount of persuasion can induce those who have once. used these great purifiers and beaut triers to use any others. Cuticura Soap combines delicate emollient properties derived from Cuticura, the great skin cure, with the purest of cleansing' ingredients and the most refreshing of fkrwerodors. ' It unites in ONE SOAP at ONE PRICE, the BEST skin and complexion soap and the EEST toilet, bath, and baby soap in the world. : cpafma sxismiiAii an utuuil nunm roa xtekt kexob, Tt if II ssis)!) Oossristlaa- otCtrneoBA Sntr.tn cleanse tbe skin of crusts iis4 1 1 1 Msarr, to tnstsntij allar ficttiTrr, InflmnrmaUon, anU irnta- tion, and soothe sad heal, and CrmcnrKA Rraol.vsjrT, to TI F 2CFT eool and eleanse tne btood. A Rikolb Bet is often suffl . eieiit to care tbe most tortartas;, disflRurinp, itching, bura- nt. s"j wMMm. ewp, frrv """" Sold tnrosf bout the world. British Depot 1 tnrouebotit U London, a A Te.-y Ifovel Watch. In Zurich a very novel watch baa Just been made. It forms the cup or heart of a jeweled flower, which is intended to be worn as an ornament The ilower itself can be opened or closed by touching a tiny spring, and when it is closed the little watch is not- visible. When, a lady wearing such an ornament desires to know the time all she has to do is to touch the spring, whereupon the flower opens and the watch is revealed. It Is said that an Atchison lawyer who writes learnedly of classical lit erature can't make out his own legal papers. . KANSAS HOME NURSERY and EXPERIMENTAL GROUNDS Orow and sell all dnslrable old and mew varie. tiet) of large and small fruits. Best Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Herbaceous Plants. agents wTtn. Cash advanced weekly. List of specialties free. A. It. ORIELS A. SO J." LAWRENCE. KAN. SCALE AUCTION BIDS BY MAIL. YOUR OWN PRICE, ienes. Ha Pays the Freight, Biachaastos. H I. fret; Ffcelm Brawa'a Grett Rated torn . Frtlrw, ,nrf .11 MtrnniDlwMrt. Address - , raiLW lEWl.aHmliu, B.T. CTAPK by Test 77 YEARS. We DAViSI yAncft Want MORE Salesmen rA I Weekly CrtiOU Stsrk Nsncrjp. LesiiUsa. Mo.-. Osssrllte. N. V. K:rl Thompson'. Eye Wator OATS!! Double your Investment In sixty days. Condi tions warrant higher "STJCCKS8FUI. SPECULATION." sent free. t CO., Traders' Bldg., CHICAGO. suss OK juur. wnen sit else xaus. i If. Kmm & Bam. 97-28. Charter- cacaaucoar - poisProtsj,.'Botos. U.a.A. OMrBois Fiona, Ill fclilid i-JElllrtSl II I a mr Fits w