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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, September 28, 1901, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015485/1901-09-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, SEPT. 28,1901. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 30.
TALMAGE'S SERMON.
CHURCH DECADENCE" LAST SUN
DAY'S SUBJECT.
Says That Church Attendance Is on tha
Incrrau "Not ronxkli( the Am
wil of OuMlna Tog-ether" He
brews x: .
rCopyrlght. 1901. br Louis Klonnrh N. T i
Washington, Sept. 15. Most encour
aging to all Christian workers is this
discourse of Dr. Taimage while deny
ing tne accuracy of statistics which
represent Sunday audiences as dimin
ishing; text, Hebrews x: 25, "Not for
saking the assembling of ourselves to-
Startling statements havA hpn mnrf o
In many of the pulpits and in some or
the religious newspaers. It is heard
over &nd nvr mrah. v.- .v...-.,
tendance in America is in decadence
I deny the statements by presenting
some nard facts. No one will dispute
me ract that there are more churches
in America than ever before, one de
nomination averaging two new church
es every day of the year. The law of
demand and suddIv is as incrnrahi. in
the kingdom of God as it is in the
wona. More churches supplied argues
more church privileges demanded
More banks, more bankers; more fac
""' more manufacturers; more
ships, more importers; more churches
more attendants.
In all our cities within a few years
churches have been built large enough
to swallow up two or three of the old
time churches. I cannot understand
with what kind of arithmetic and slate
pencil a man calculates when he comes
10 me conclusion that church nttonri
ance in America Is in decadence. Take
the aggregate of the numher of nermia
who enter the house of God now and
compare it with the aggregate of the
people who entered the nousa of nnrt
twenty-five years ago, and the present
attendance is four to one. The facts
are most exhilarating instead of being
depressing, -mat man who represents
the opposite statistics must have been
"iwot umunuaara in ms church ac
quaintance.
Uaa of Modern Method.
Churches are often cleared of their
audiences by the attempt to transplant
the modes of the past into the present.
ine modes and methods of fifty years
ago are no more aDDronriate for tn-iiav
than the modes and methods of to-day
wm do appropriate for fifty years
Hence. Dr. Kirk. Dr. MrF.i mr tit-
Mason, Dr. De Witt, Dr. Vermllyea and
hundreds of other men Just as good as
mey were never lacked audiences he
cause they were abreast of the time In
which they lived. People will not be
interesting m what we say unless we
understand the spirit of the day in
which we live. All the woebegonish
statistics are given by those who are
trying In our time to work with the
wornout machinery of the past times.
Such men might Just as well throw the
furnaces out of our church basements
and substitute the foot stoves which
our grandmothers used to carry with
them to meeting, and throw out our
organs and our cornets and take the
old-fashioned tuning fork, striking it
on the knee and then lifting It to the
ear to catch the pitch of the hymn, and
might as well throw out our modern
platforms and modern pulpits and sub
stitute the wineglass pulpit up which
the minister used to climb to the dizzy
height of Mont Blanc solitariness and
then go in and out of sight and shut
the door after him. When you can get
the great masses of the people to take
passage from Albany to Buffalo in
stage-coach or canalboat In preference
to the lightning express train which
does It In four hours, then you can get
the great masses of the people to go to
a church half a century behind to
time. '
Sympathies of the People.
At a meeting of the general assembly
of the Presbyterian church of. the
United States a clergyman accustomed
on the Sabbath to preach to an audi
ence of two or three hundred people.
In an audience room that couid hold
fifteen . hundred, was appointed to
preach a sermon on how to reach the.
masses. I am told the Incongruity
was too much for the risibilities of
many of the clergy In the audience.
Now, a young man coming out from
such bedwarfing influences, how can he
enter into the wants and the woes and
the sympathies of the people who want
on the Lord's day a practical gospel
that will help them all the week and
help them forever?
Young ministers are told they must
preach Christ and him crucified. Yes,
but not as an abstraction. Many a
minister has preached Christ and him
crucified in such a way that he preach
ed an audience of five hundred down
to two hundred, and from two hundred
to one hundred, and from one htrndred
to fifty, and from fifty to twenty, and
on down until there was but little left
save the sexton, who was paid to stay
until the service was over and lock up.
There is a 'great deal of cant about
Christ and him crucified. It is not
Christ and him crucified as an abstrac
tion, but as an omnipotent sympathy
I applied to all the wants and woes of
our Immortal nature a Christ who
will help us In every domestic, social.
financial, political, national struggl
a Chri3t for the parlor, a Christ for the
nursery, a Christ for the kitchen, a
for the banking house, a Christ for the
street, a Christ for the store, a Christ
for the banking house, a Christ for the
factory, a Christ for the congressional
assembly, a Christ for the courtroom,
a Christ for every trial and every
emergency and every perturbation..
Meeting Public Meeds.
Ah, my friends, churches will be
largely attended Just in proportion as
we -ministers can meet their wants,
meet their sufferings, meet their be
reavements and meet their sympathies.
If there be a church with small help,
small audience, medium help, medium
audience; large help, large audience.
If there be a famine In a city and three
depots of bread and one depot has 100
loaves and another 500 loaves and an
other depot 10,000 loaves, the depot
that has 100 loaves will have appli
cants, the depot that has 500 loaves will
have far more applicants, the depot
that has 10,000 loaves will have
throngs, throngs, throngs.
Oh, my brethren In the Christian
ministry, we must somehow get our
shoulder under the burden of the peo
ple on the Lord's day and give them a
good stout life, and we can do it. We
have It all our own way. It Is a great
pity if, with the floor clear and no in
terruption, we cannot during the
course of an hour get our hymn or our
prayer or our sermon under such mo
mentum we can, by the help of God,
lift the people, body, mind and soul,
clear out of their sins, temptations and
troubles.
I think that, ministerial laziness
often empties the church of auditors.
Hearers, who are intelligent through
reading newspapers and by active as
sociation in business circles, will not
on the Sabbath sit and listen to plati
tudes. Hearers will not come to ser
mons which have in them no Import
ant facts, no information, no stirring
power, no adaptation, no fire. The pew
will not listen to the pulpit unless the
pulpit knows more than the pew. Min
isterial laziness has cleared out many
churches. Such ministers saunter
around from parlor to parlor under the
name of pastoral visitation and go
gadding about through the village or
the city on errands of complete noth
ingness and wrap their brains around
a cigar and smoke them up, and then
on Saturday afternoon put a few crude
thoughts together and on Sunday
morning wonder that the theme o
Christ and him crucified does not bring
a large audience, and on Monday sit
down and write Jeremiads for the re
ligious newspapers about the deca
dence of church attendance.
Churchg-oInK as a Doty.
People will not go to church merely
as a matter of duty. There will not
next Sabbath be a thousand people in
any city who will get up in the morn
ing and say: "The Bible says I must
go to church. It is my duty to go to
church, therefore I will go to church."
The vast multitude of people who go
to church go to church be
cause they like it, and the
multitude of people who stay away
from church stay- away because they
do not like it. I am not speaking
about the way the world ought to be,
I am speaking about the way the world
is. Taking things as they are, we
must make the centripetal force of
the church mightier than the centri
fugal. We must make our churches mag
nets to draw the people thereunto, so
that a man will feel uneasy- if he does
not go to church, saying: "I wish I
had gone this morning. I wonder if
I can't dress yet and get there In time.
It is 11 o'clock; now they are singing.
It is half -past 11; now they are preach
ing.. I wonder when the folks will be
home to tell us what was said, what
has been going on." When the impres
sion Is confirmed that our c'aurches, by
architecture, by music, by sociality and
by sermon, shall be made the most at
tractive places on earth, then we will
want twice as many churches as we
have now, twice as large, and then
they will not half accommodate the
people, e
Vicarious Suffering;.
Why should we go away off to get
an illustration of the vicarious suf
fering of Jesus Christ when at Bloom
field, N. J., two little children were
walking on the rail track and a train
was coming; but they were on a bridge
of trestlework, and the little girl took
her brother and let him down through
the trestlework as gently as she could
toward the water, very carefully and
lovingly and cautiously, so that he
might not be hurt in the fall and
picked up by those who were standing
near by; while doing that the train
struck her, and hardly enough of her
body was left to gather into a funeral
casket? What was that? Vicarious
suffering. Like Christ. Pang for
others. Woe for others. Death for
others. What Is the use of our going
away off to find an Illustration in past
ages when In Michigan a mall carrier
on horseback, riding on, pursued by
those flames which had swept over a )
hundred miles, saw an old man by the
roadside, dismounted, helped the oM
man on tlie horse, saying, "Now, whip
up and get away'? The old man got
away, but the mall carrier perished.
Just like Christ dismounting from the
glories of heaven to put us on the way
of deliverance, then falling back Into
the flames of sacrifice for others. Pang
for others. Woe for others. Death for
others. Vicarious suffering. What is
the use of our going away off In
ancient history to find an illustration
of the fact that it is dangerous to defy
God when in the Adirondack I saw a
flash of lightning and bolt so vivid I
said, "That struck something very
near?" A few hours afterward we
found that two farmers that Monday
morning had been seated under a trea.
the one boasting how the day before
on the Lord's day he had got his
hay In and so cheated the Lord out of
that part of the time anyhow, and
both of them laughing over the
achievement by which they had
wronged the Lord of his holy day,
when the lightning struck one dead
instantly, and the other had been two
weeks in bed when we left the Adiron
dacks and has become an invalid, I
suppose, for life. He did not make
as much out of the Lord as he thought
he did. Was it any less an illustra
tion for my soul because I met the
clergyman on his way home from the
funeral, and he told me of the facts
and said the body of the man who had
been destroyed was black with elec
tricity? The Blessed Rest.
What is the use of going away off
to get an Illustration when in a
house on Third avenue, Brooklyn, I
saw a woman dying, and she said,
"Mr. Taimage, heaven used to be to ma
a great way off, but it now is Just a-t
the foot of the bed?" What is the us-
of your going away off to get illustra
tions of a victorious deathbed when aH
Wales was filled with the story ot
the dying experience of Frances Rid
ley Havergal? She got her feet wet
standing on the ground preaching
temperance and the gospel to a etouo
of boys and men, went home with a
chill, and congestion set In, and ther
told her she was very daneerouslr
sick, "r thought so," she said, "but ft
is really too good to be true that I afl
going. Doctor, do you really think I
am going?" "Yes." "Today?" "Prob
ably." She said,, "Beautiful, splendid,
to be so near the gate of heaven."
Then after a spasm of pain she nestled
down In the pillows and said. "Ther
now. It is all over blessed rest." Then
she tried to sing, and she struck one
glad note, high note of praise to
Christ, but could sing only one word.
-tie, and then a'.l was still. She fin
ished It in heaven. '
No Need for Apologies.
It Is high time that the church of
God stopped writing apologies for the !
church. Let the men who are on tha
outside, who despise religion, write
the apologies. If any people, do not
want the church, they need not have
it. It is a free country. If any man
does not want the gospel, he need not
have it. It is a free country. But you
go out, O people of God, and give the
gospel to the millions of America who
do want It! It is high time to stop
skirmishing, and .bring on a general
engagement. I want to live to see the
Armaggedon, all the armies of heaven
and hell in battle array, for I know
our conqueror on the white horse will
gain- the day. Let the1 church of God
be devoted to nothing else, but go
right on to this conquest.
When Moses with his army was try
ing to conquer the Ethiopians, profane
history says, it was expected that he 1
would go in a roundabout way and
come by the banks of the river, as
other armies had done, because the
straight route was infested with
snakes, and no army and no man had
dared to go across this serpent infest
ed region. But Moses surprised them.
He sent his men out to gather up
ibises. The Ibis is a bird celebrated
for serpent slaying, and these ibises
were gathered into crates and into
baskets, and they were carried at the
head of the army of Moses, and, com
ing up to the serpent infested region,
the crates were opened, and the Ibi
ses flew forth, and the way -was
cleared, and the army of Moses march
ed right on and came so unexpectedly
on the Ethiopians that they flew in
wild dismay. O church of God, you
are not to march in a roundabout way,
but to go straight forward, depending
upon winged influences to clear the
way. Hosts of the living God, march
on, march on! Church attendance,
large now, is going to be larger yet
The sky Is brightening in every direc
tion. I am glad for the boy and girl
five years old. I think they may see
the millennium. The wheel of Christ
ian progress has never made one revo
lution backward. The world moves,
the kingdom advances. All nations
will yet salute the standards of Prince
ImmanueL To him be glory in the
church throughout all ages! Amen.
"What is the name of that book that
shows the social standing of the aris
tocratic families?" inquired the seeker
after knowledge. " Bradstreet's' -promptly
replied the man who knew.
DAHU" AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR
RURAL READER.
Hew Successful F.rmen Operate This
Department of the Farm A f.
Hints as to the Care of Live Stock
and Poultry.
Testing- an Air-Draft Chin.
Every once in awhjle a new com
pany ia formed to manufacture air-
draft churns, otherwise known as "cy-
cione churns. Probably the manu
facturers are honest and believe they
have a good thing, having been led
to that position oy the glib-tongued
owner of the patent- At the Missouri
Agricultural college recently a churn
or this variety was tested. C. L. Wil
loughby. Instructor in dairying at the
college thus teUs of the test:
The machine contains a horizontal
revolving dash, operated by iarge
crank wheel and chain gearing. On
the under side of dash are air tubes
connected with an upright hollow pipe,
from which air is forced through the
cream - by means of the centrifugal
force generated from the high speed
of the dash. It happened to be the
regular churning day at the college.
and the agent was given a couple of
gallons of cream ready for churning.
while the remainder of the large
churning was put Into a combined
churn and worker, operated by hand
power. The amount of cream put into
the air-draft machine was exactly 15
lbs., 10 oz., testing 24 per cent fat.
with an acidity by the Mann's test of
.65 of one per cent, and temperature
at start of 56 deg. The cream was
therefore in almost ideal condition for
producing good butter in the shortest
time possible considering quality.
Both churns were started at the
same time, and worked with a wilL
The minutes lenghtened from 5 to 10
and then from 15 to 20. with the air-
draft Separator still foaming wildly
without, producing butter.
At the end of 26 minutes the com
bined churn was stopped, with butter
granules the size of wheat grains. At
me end of 32 minutes the Air-draft
entirn produced granules the size of
mustard seed. Toward the close of
the work It seemed to run very hard,
and the air bubbles from the intake
pipe were very slow and few, owing
to the thickness of the cream. Tem
perature of buttermilk at time gran
ules formed was 63 dee. In the com
bined churn, and 65 deg. In the Air-
draft churn. On testing the butter
milk from both sources, it was found
the Combined churn lost .30 of 1 per
cent fat, while the first sample from
the Air-draft churn snowed a loss of
.45 of 1 per cent and the second sample
a loss of .65 of 1 per cent or an aver
age of .55 of 1 per cent which Is en
tirely too heavy a loss for close econ
omy In large enterprises. '
The arrangement of air pipes does
without doubt force air through the
cream, especially at the start, but it
is not at all certain that this aids in
the churning. This might help to take
out bad odors If the cream contained
6uch. But the revolving dash in the
center of a stationary vessel fails to
agitate all parts alike, and requires a
longer time than a box or -barrel churn,
as shown by the above test.
The machine does not meet the true
scientific requirements of the best
churning apparatus, and is exorbitant
in price compared with small size bar
rel churns, and cannot be recommend
ed to the farmer. While it Is ho doubt
true as claimed by the Inventor, that
nutter can be churned In this machine
n from one to five minutes, this fact
no 'esa true of any ordinary box or
barrel churn under the same condi
tions. By raising the temperature of
the cream high enough, butter may be
produced in this short time by almost
any churn. But what kind of butter
results, when nsing temperatures of
75 deg. or even 80 and 90 deg.? Any
one who knows the elements of dairy
ing Is acquainted with the fact that
such high temperatures will produce
butter of poor quality, soft and salvy,
weak bodied and without proper grain.
This one, mistake of too high temper
ature Is one of the greatest causes to
day of poor quality in butter made on
the farm.
It should be noted that the adver
tising matter of this so-called Air
draft Separator falls to make any
statement about the churning temper
ature, when reciting tests where but
ter granules broke in 1 to 5 minutes.
Hon y Extracted.
Before the Ontario Beekeepers , As
sociation recently the production of ex
tracted honey was discussed, by Alex
Dickson of Lancaster, who said in
part:
There are two grades of extracted
honey; good and bad. The latter Is
obtained by taking it from the bees
too soon, while it is yet thin and un
ripe. To secure a good supply of the
former, proceed as follows: Previous
to the 1st of June see that your col
onies are in good shape; supplied with
young .queens the fall before. June has
now arrived. Watch close if the bees
are beginning to whiten their combs.
If so rot on the upper combs at once,
with perforated metal between upper
and lower set. Here is the secret of
good honey and no loss of time with
the bees. (If bees have wintered well,
the writer finds that some need a su
per by May 15.) The first story being
filled, raise it up and put another be
tween the lower and the one you have
juat raised. - While the bees
are capping the raised story they are
uiling the second set. When the first
set is capped from half to three-quar-
L ters it Is ready to be taken off and car
ried to your extracting room. The
above is what we call the tiering sys
tem. In the first place, there is no
loss of time by the bees in capping;
then you have a better crop of honey.
so far as the bees can ripen it; and.
further, your bees are not overcrowded.
ou see it Is quite evident if you ex
tract your combs before they are
capped over you have a grade of hon
ey Jast as the bees brought it in from
the blossoms. If so, you will only sell
that grade of honey to your customers
once.
Mr. Dickson has a novel honey room
for further ripening his honey by rais
ing it to a higher temperature than it
reaches in the hive. The roof of this
room is partly of glass, and a large
window faces southward so the tem
perature will run up to 120 degrees.
The honey is placed in tanks, 16 inches
deep, 8 feet long and 4 feet wide, lined
with the best of tin plate. .Thus a
large surface is exposed to the drying
influence of this warm atmosphere.
Dairy Notes.
It Is an old adage that sticking to a
thing eternally brings success. This is
very true in the dairy. At the present
lime when beef is high there Is an In
clination with men to forsake dairying
for beef raising. In some states this
movement has assumed considerable
proportions. Yet it is a bad policy and
sure to work evil to the men that
make the change. If too many rush
Into the beef growing it will result in
an oversupply. On the other hand the
supply of cows for dairying is de
creased by the tactics required in beef
growing and It is thus so much harder
for the farmer to re-enter the dairy
business. There Is no surer business
than dairying.
- e e e -
It Is claimed that one-third of all
the children born die before they reach
three years of age, and that one of the
most common causes of this mortality
is poor milk, or, rather germ-laden
milk. This may not be true of many
foreign countries, but it probably is
true of the United States, where milk
is fed to about two-thirds of the chil
dren under one year of age. There is,
therefore, good reason for the continu
ation of the agitation for good, whole
some milk.
White Holland Tarkev
Mary L. Schaal: The White Holland
turkey hen makes an excellent mother
and the young turkeys mature earlier
than most breeds, and that appears to
be the thing desired; for what feed It
takes to keep a turkey will almost
fatten a pig. So the earliest maturing
bird Is what we want. Some complain
that White Holland turkeys are not
large enough. The largest turkey Is
not always the most desirable for market-
People living in cities do not al
ways want an extra large turkey, un
less for hotel or boarding-house. The
White Holland turkey also makes a
better appearance dressed for the mar
ket, for they are naturally plump and
do not have unsightly black pin feath
er marks on them, and when you once
sell them, people want them again.
The meat Is Juicy and not coarse, and
being small-boned these turkeys carve
to good advantage.
The White Holland turkey Is docile
by nature and lacks the roving dispo
sition we find in some birds. That Is
a very good trait docility: for what
is worse than to be constantly running
after the turkeys, knowing they are
an annoyance to neighbors?
Etc In the Orient. -
In the East Indian archipelago salt
ed ducks' eggs are an article of diet,
says Pacific Rural Press. The new
laid eggs are packed for two or three
weeks in a mixture of clay, brick dust
and salt. They are eaten hard-boiled.
It is said that in this region and in
India turtle eggs are also preserved in
salt. These products, while unusual.
do not necessarily suggest an unpleas
ant article of diet. The same can
hardly be said of a Chinese product
which has often been described. Ducks'
eggs are buried in the ground for ten
or twelve months and undergo a pe
culiar fermentation. The hydrogen
sulphide formed breaks the shell and
escapes while the egg becomes hard in
texture. It is said that the final prod
uct does not possess a disagreeaole
odor or taste. Eggs treated In this or
some similar way are on sale in the
Chinese quarter of San Francisco, and
very likely in other American cities.
A sample recently examined had the
appearance of an egg covered with
dark-colored clay or mud.
Sunday Is the day of strength; the
others are week days. .
The French olive growers have to
reckon more- and more with the com
petition of the olive growers of Tunis.
Drome Timothy.
An effort to determine the relative
value of Brome Grass and Timothy for
pasturage and hay was made last year
by the North Dakota Experiment sta
tion. Though the season was not a
very favorable one, much was learned
regarding the drought-resisting quali
ties of the two grasses. The land se
lected was a meadow that has been in
grass for several years in which the
soil had become very firm and filled
with a mass of roots, penetrating in the
case of the Brome Grass to a great
depth. After the summer rains the
timothy came forward very rapidly and
for September yielded 560 pounds per
acre more pasture grass than did the
Brome grass, but the total yield for
the entire season was 856 pounds more
feed per acre from the Brome grass.
The experiments were under the direc
tion of Prof. Ladd, who has thus sum
marized the results:
1. Brome grass produced a fair
amount of pasturage in the dry year of
1900, while timothy made very little
growth.
. 2. Animals prefer Brome pasture to
timothy, as shown in their grazing for
1889, when there was an abundance of
both grasses, and in 1900 we have like
results.
3. There was but little difference In
chemical composittlon between pasture
grass from Brome and from timothy.
The total yield per acre was much in
favor of the Brome grass.
4. Brome grass made a fair crop of
hay in 1900, while timothy failed.
5. Brome hay contains about twice
as much protein as timothy.
6. Brome hay does not contain more
fiber than the average for timothy
grown in all parts of the United States.
7. Brome grass sends its roots down
deeper into the soil than timothy and
furnishes a great mass of roots In the
first foot of soil and hence the soil may
be expected to blow less when plowed,
8. Soils on which Brome grass has
been grown contain more organic mat
ter and humus than those on which
timothy has been grown.
9.. Brome grass is a better humus
former than timothy and leaves the
soil in better chemical and physical
condition than does the timothy. -
Soil Rot of Sweet Potatoes. Attack
Is confined to the roots and tubers,
giving to them the appearance of a
string of beads of irregular size and
shape. Remedy Rotate crops. Treat
the soil with sulphur 400. pounds to the
acre, sowed broadcast, and worked in.
To the sulphur may be added with ad
vantage the same amount of kalnit.
Dry Rot of Sweet Potatoes. Attacks
underground parts only, giving to them
a wrinkled, pimply appearance. In
terior of diseased tubers becomes dry
and powdery. Remedy Gather and
burn all diseased roots at the time the
crop is harvested.
Leaf Mold of Sweet Potatoes.
Leaves become sickly, brown spots ap
pear upon their upper surfaces, and
white spots upon the under surface.
Remedy Destroy all related weeds.
Spray with Bordeaux mixture.
Bwlne Hews.
An epidemic prevails among swine
In portions of Cuba. Nearly all the
hogs in Northwest Matanzas have been
carried off and a great many In North
west Santa Clara, some herds having
lost 85 per cent-
Chicago's August top on hogs for
1901 to date is 95c above the August
average for the last eleven years, there
being only one August higher since
1888. The top in August, 1896, was
only $3.50, while the same month of
1882 they reached 89.30. In Septem
ber, 1S82, S9.35 was paid, being the
highest for any month in over thirty-
five years.
Eleven markets received 430,000 hogs
during the week ending August 10th.
being 13,000 less than the - previous
week and 68,000 more than a year ago.
This year eleven markets received 15,
234,000 up to August 10th, the largest
combined receipts on record. The to
tal for 1901 to that date increased
913,000, compared with a year ago,
714,000 compared with two years ago
and 1.819,000 compared with three
years ago. -
"One thing is true both south and
north, late chicks are not very valua
ble. In the former locality excessive
heat reduces activity and Bize; and
in the latter early frosts and cold
weather check growth at the other end
of the season." So says a contem
porary. But we would suggest that by
feeding beef . meal or meat In some
form, with green cut bone, even late
chicks can be given a start that will
give them a good size by the time
frosts become frequent- Only those
that have tried it know the effect of
neh feeding.
It is best to keep the night and morn
ing milklngs separate; at least, warm
milk should never be mixed with cold
milk; it should first be cooled down to
near the same temperature. Under no
circumstances should any preservatives
or powders be added to milk to keep it
from souring. These are criminal
makeshifts of dirty dairymen. . Clean- '
liness and cold are the only prevent
ives needed. ,
The man with he lawn- mower
cften wishes that it were leas. -

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