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WESTERN KANSAS WORLD !
H. S. GIVLER, Publisher. WA-KEENEY. KANSAS Mrs. Robert Louis Stevenson ku bad a fire-proof vault built in her San Francisco house, -where she keeps the tnmerous unfinished or unpublished manuscripts of her husband. A commercial weekly, in reviewing current prices, says that lemons are "stronger" and raspberries "firmer." Unfortunately this does not mean that a dozen lemons will make .more lemonade or that it will be harder to convert raspberries into jam. The first gold pens made in this country were all manufactured by hand, the gold being cut from strips of the metal by scissors, and every sub sequent operation being performed by hand. These hand-made gold pens cost from $5 to $20, and were far in ferior to the machine made article of the present day. The sixth contract for American lo comotives to be delivered in Japan has Just been closed with the American locomotive company and will be filled from Schenectady. It is for eighteen engines. An order for thirty locomo tives for the government railroads of New Zealand is being filled at the Baldwin works in Philadelphia. The tendency among the British middle classes is rather to live above their incomes than within them. There Is also a passion for luxury in London and a desire to display, which seems a peculiarly stupid and useless desire in a huge city, where one seldom knows one's neighbors. And so, too, the cordial "pot luck" dinners of a generation ago have given place to ceremonial champagne functions, in which a man out of dress clothes is out of place. A detective of a big department store said the other day: "Winter is by air means our busiest season. In summer time the stores are bothered but little by shoplifters, but as soon as. cool weather sets in their annual reapparance - begins. Why? Well, I figure' it this way. First, there are fewer persons in the stores in hot weather and the nimble-fingered ones run a greater risk of discovery. Then, again, winter clothes long overcoats and wraps arethe best possible means of concealing their booty. That is prob ably, the : main reason for the shop lifter's inactivity during the warm months." Probably the most elaborate meer schaum pipe in this country is now In process of coloring by a New York merchant, who bought it from a local manufacturer recently for $1,800. The pipe is known as a "character" pipe to -.the trade, and is a wonderfully carved reproduction of the painting "St. John at His Bath." It represents six maidens grouped around a fountain and either St. John is concealed be hind the fountain or in it; he is not in sight, at any rate. The figures are chiseled from a solid piece of meer schaum, which was . imported from Turkey. The labor expended upon it extended over a period of two years, and the amber mouthpiece alone cost $500. The money value of a title In other than a matrimonial market is illustrat ed by the policy of an old established manufacturing business in New York city which sells its products all over Europe. The present manager, like his father, is very democratic, but for business reasons he continues the pol icy established by his father. No agents are employed abroad except men with -titles. This is - easily ar ranged In Germany and France and Russia, but it sometimes causes in convenience in England.' A titled agent on the continent, no matter how poor he may be, can usually get a hearing in a business house easier than a man without a title. No bogus "titles are allowed, and the company's list of foreign agents reads like a court circular. Books that sell by the hundred thou sand are not common, yet there are some instances that fcfe not modern. It is now just about two hundred and forty years since one John Bunyan was shut up in Bedford Jail. He stayed there twelve years; but a book of his went free, and no man since that day could have suppressed or impris oned It, even had he wished. Millions of copies of it have been printed. Prob ably more copies are sold in any one month, now, than could have been dis posed of in a year during the au thor's lifetime, and the book is as -vital a part of this twentieth century as it was of any preceding time. There are excellent books among the "popu lar novels," but spite of all the adulatory comment it would be hard to point out one that seems likely to weather two centuries and more as bravely as has "Pilgrim's Progress." During a recent French duel one of the combatants acidentally touched the point of his sword to the ground. The seconds Immediately stopped the com bat until the sword could be sterilized. One cannot help recalling the famous cartoon in Punch which represented the two Irishmen waiting behind a rock for their landlord, one with a shotgun, the other with a club. , "Sure the master do be very late," says one. anxiously. "He is," says the other. "I hope he have met wld no accident." After this one cannot regard that car toon, as merely a humorous fancy. campfibe sketches. SOME SHORT STORIES' FOR -THE VETERANS, " " The rnlted states Has Spent Billions on Wi Our Great Civil War Coat More by 7,000,000,000 Thu Ten European Wars. AZTEC IOTE SONG. Leave on my lips your honey, ' i O flowers of the dell! And on my face your fragrant breath. Fresh from the sunny heights of death Whereon my deathless hero fell My hero of the battle! Above the hills of thunder He rose with choral song. To join the court around the eun In votive dance for victories won; So was he fairest of the throng -My hero of the battle! The sun-god smiled in welcome; Then sent his soul to be The sweetness in the summer flowers. The majesty of white cloud-towers. The soul of bird-songs, and of me My hero of the battle! Then speak to me his message, O birds that soar and sing! And hold me to his heaving breast. Wild wind from clouds against the west. And breathe of him, O flowers of Spring! My hero of the battle! And yet the day lc empty Since he comes home no more! The song of birds cannot repeat The music of his hurrying feet; The breath of flowers is not so swset As was his greeting at the door When " he comes back from battle! - , Josephine Puett Spoonts in the New Orleans Times-Democrat. CADET CODE AT 'WEST POINT. The course of study at West Point ts extensive, but it is very thoroughly covered. The secret of the success of the academy is simple. In the first place the academic board the faculty is composed of permanent professors who teach mathematics, physics, and t'te like, and of officers temporarily assigned, who are the heads of depart departments of military engineering, tactics, law, ordnance, etc: The per manent staff maintains traditions that have been approved by the experience of nearly a century; the officers de tailed temporarily bring fresh blood to the school, the experience of war, of camps, of active' service. " All the pres ent officers of instruction, without exception, are graduates of the acad emy and represent what is best in the whole service. The second keynote of the peculiar success of the school consists in the proportionately large number of in structors compared to the number of pupils. The register for 1901 bears the names of sixty-three officers who are charged with the instruction of 391 cadets. There is one instructor to six pupils, nearly. This enables the classes to be divided into small sec tions for recitations. In mathematics, for example, the sections consist of about ten cadets who recite to one in structor for ninety minutes daily. The mathematical acquirement of each cadet is, therefore, tested, on the aver age, during nine minutes, daily, over a period of two years. No single day's work can be neglected without detec tion. Nemesis comes once a week in the shape of "marks" posted for each day's recitations. If the marks are excellent the cadet may look forward to quick promotion in the future; If they are passable, his promotion will be delayed; If. they are low, he runs the risk of losing his commission in the army and besides this he is punish ed by confinement to his quarters, etc., "for neglect of studies," which is neg lect of duty a military offence, there fore. Every offence Is punished in the same way, by "demerit marks." There are, for example, about 18,000 oppor- tunities for a cadet to be "late at roll call" during the four years. For each tardiness one demerit mark is given. Two hundred demerit marks received In any one year cause dismissal. Every dereliction of duty is noted "one button of uniform coat unbutton ed at drill," for example and pun ishment follows hard upon it. This is the method of Mother Nature stumble and the fall will hurt. Pun ishment is immediate, inexorable. Just. The result Is the formation of . fixed habits exactly fitted to the' conditions. Besides the written code of the acad emy the cadets have an unwritten code of their own. No man may lie and remain a comrade, for example. "Con duct unbecoming a cadet and a gentle man" is an offence against the written code and is also punished by the ca dets themselves who refuse to associ ate with a man under such a ban. Up to a point their unwritten code is wholesome. Of very late years it has been carried entirely too far, owing to the recent growth of "class spirit." The written law does not, and should not,, recognize class presidents and the like, by a return to the old method of recognizing only the officers of the cadet battalion the remedy for recent irregularities is at hand. The hazing of new cadets must be stopped once and for all. and discipline must be in the hands of the officers only. The country at large has decided this point definitely and the cadets have accepted the decision loyally, as they are ac customed to accept all orders of their lawful superiors. Let them look out side -of the little government reserva tion at West Point and see the fields in which they will soon be called upon to work. Upon their steady adherence to the motto of the academy. "Honor, Duty, Country," the future of the United States in two hemispheres will largely depend. In the future as in the past,' their country can rely upon their faithful efforts. New York Sun. SPEND BILLIONS ON WAR. The United States during the cen tury just closed has been -regarded as a peaceful nation and. yet over one-third of the .enormous cost or war paid by all the nations has fallen on her. The disbursements by the United States treasury on account of the civil war from July 1. 1861, to June 30, 1879, amounted to $6,187,243,385. Thomas E. Wilson in the Review of the Republie estimates that the additional civil war disbursements - for debt, interest and pensions from June 30, 1879, to July 1, 1900, amounted to $3,904,838,775, mak ing a total federal expenditure of $10, 092,082.160. The disbursements of the confederate government exceeded $3, 000,000,000 for the mere maintenance of armies in the field. Mr. Wilson es timates that the governmental expen ditures on both sides in the civil war will, when the books are closed, amount to $17,772,000,000, and that the individual losses during the war amounted to $30,000,000,000. Placing the cash expenditures of the United States in the civil war at $17,722,000,000 in the Spanish war at $500,000,000 and in the war of 1812, the Mexican war and the Indian wars at $500,000,000. Mr. Wilson makes the total contribu tion of the United States treasury to the war fund for the century $18,772, 000,000. It is estimated that Napo leonic wars from 1793 to 1815 cost $6, 250,000,000; the war between Russia and Turkey in 1828, $100,000,000; . the war between Spain and Portugal, from 1830 to 1840, $250,000,000; the war - be tween France and Algeria, from 1830 to 1847, $190,000,000; civil war In Eu rope in 1848. $50,000,000; the Crimean war. $1,125,000,000; the war in 1859 between France and Austria, $225,000, 000; the war of 1866 between Prussia and Austria, $100,000,000; the war be tween Germany and France in 1870 and 1871, $1,580,000,000; the war of 1877, between Russia and Turkey, $950,000,000; the war between France and Mexico in 1875, $75,000,000; be tween Brazil and Paraguay, in 1864 to 1870, $250,000,000. These figures are from Mulhall, and include only direct government expenses. It is estimated that the minor wars of Great Britain in India, Egypt, and Africa have cost $2,000,000,000. The Boer war has al ready cost England $500,000,000. France's minor wars have cost $1,600, 000,000, and Spain has spent in various wars $6,000,000,000. On these state ments presented by Wilson and Mul hall, manifestly incomplete and unfair, the United States civil war cost more by $7,000.000i00 than ten European wars, and the wars of the South Am erican republics have cost more than all the Russian wars in Asia. The total expenditures of civilized nations for war in the century are put at $49, 068,000,000. KILLING A MAN. Here is a brigade of us in battle line across an old meadow; our right and left join other brigades, says the -Detroit Free Press. We have thrown down' the rail fence, gathered logs and brush and, sod, and. erected a breastwork. It is only a slight one, but enough to shelter us while lying down. A division of the enemy breaks cover a "half a mile away and comes marching down upon us. . They are going to charge us. . Orders run along the line, and we are waiting until every bullet, no matter if fired by a soldier with his . eyes shut, must hit a foe. I select my man while he is yet beyond range. . I have eyes for nc other. He is a tall, soldierly fellow, wearing, the stripes of a sergeant. . As he comes nearer I imagine that he is looking as fixedly at me as I am at him. I admire his coolness. ' He looks neith er to the right nor to the left. The man on his right is hit and goes down, but he does not falter. I am going to kill that man. I have a rest for my gun on the breastwork, and when .the order , comes to fire I cannot miss him. He is living his last minute on earth! We are calmly waiting until our vol ley shall prove a veritable flame of death. Now they close up the gaps and we can hear the shouts of the officers as they make ready to charge. My man is still opposite me. He still seems to be looking at me and no one else. I know the word is coming in a few seconds more, and I aim at his chest. I could almost be sure of hit ting him with a stone when we get the word to fire. There is a billow of flame, a billow of smoke a fierce crash and 4,000 bullets are fired into that compact mass of advancing men. Not one volley alone, though that worked horrible destruction, but an other, and another, until there was not a living man to fire at. The smoke drifts away men cheer and yell we can see the meadow beyond heaped with dead and dying men. We ad vance our line. As we go forward I look for my victim. He Is lying on his back, eyes half shut and fingers clutch ing at the grass. He gasps, draws up his legs and straightens them out again, and is dead as I pass on again. I have killed my man! My bullet struck him, tearing that ghastly wound in his breast, and I am en titled to all the honor. Do I swing my hat and cheer? Do I point him ont and expect to be congratulated? 1 No. I have no cheers. I feel no elation. I feel that I murdered him, -war or no war, and his agonized face will haunt me through all the years of my life. . A suspicion of humanity Is the be ginning oi political wisdom. VIEWS OF STATESMEN SENATORS AND'' REPRESENTATIVES , ON TARIFF REVISION. The Country la Doing--Well ud Cnleu 'GrMt Need of Revision be Shown th Dangers and Lessee of Tariff Tlnner lns Snoni-s be Avoided. Letters from senators and repre sentatives In congress on the subject of tariff revision continue to be re ceived by the American Economist. From among those at hand we pre sent the following: Senator Hawley. "How can I enter into an argument now, for or against any proposition relating to protection, inasmuch as I do not know what any person or sec tion of the party or country desires, or what the proposed legislation is to bs? Every sensible man is obliged to take this ground at least, that if It appears, after elaborate argument In answer t petitions, that there is something that really needs to be done, then we ought to do it. I shall be roady to hear whatever case may be made up. I re ceive no circulars or letters attacking the existing tariff and asking for new bills. The country is most gloriously prosperous, and it seems to a man up the tree that it would be folly to en ter into any elaborate scheme of tink ering. In what respect can you make the tariff any better? Of course, as we have no supreme wisdom govern ing our affairs, it is possible that the law might be improved. I might speak more strongly than that, but I cannot see where the changes should be made. Put me down as an ardent, unshaken supporter of protection, of the administration, and of the Repub lican party; and put me down also as one who has a limited knowledge of the law, having been .admitted to the bar thirty years ago, and who knows it is better to wait until the case is stated and argued before making a de cision, or in Mr. Lincoln's excellent words, "Don't cross Fox River until you get to it." Yc-nr very truly,' "J. R. Hawley." Senator Hansbrong-n. "I do not believe that there is any general demand In the west for a re vision of the tariff by the next con gress. In 1896 the American people placed the Republican party in power largely upon the tariff issue. We pro ceeded at once to repeal the Wilson Gorman bill, under which great dis tress had come to the country, and in 1900 the Republican party was again successful, which to my mind is suffi cient proof that the tariff policy of the Republican party stands indorsed at every point. Why, then, should we enter upon a policy of revision? It Is well understood that agitation for tariff revision comes chiefly from free trade sources. Protectionists are not taking alarm. The Dingley bill has stood the test of time. The country is prospering. Our working people have never been so busy as they are to-day, nor have they ever received better wages. The agitation for tariff revis ion will doubtless answer the purpose of those wise economists who have tried many other paramount issues, and tried them in vain. Very truly, "H. C. Hansbrough." Cong-ressman Otjen. "I doubt the wisdom of entering vpon tariff revision. during the Fifty seventh congress. A revision of the tariff necessarily creates commercial uncertainty, disturbs and injures busi ness. I do not believe that trusts can be seriously affected by a repeal of the tariff on trust made goods. In fact, thr- probable effect of a repeal of the tariff will be, not to injure trusts, but will insure to their ultimate benefit. Trusts are strong enough to with stand any slight or temporary injury occasioned by such repeal, but the smaller or independent industries will be the ones injured and destroyed, en abling the trusts to monopolize the en tire field. We have done well under a tariff policy, and Republicans shquld not now lose their heads and be stam peded into a hasty repeal of the tariff, simply because it is claimed that some persons have prospered too well un der it. I am ready to vote for a re vision or repeal of the tariff if con vinced that the general public will be benefited thereby, but from my present information am not so convinced. I am yours truly, , rheo. Otjen." The above letter, written by the rep resentative of Wisconsin's chief center of trade, commerce and industry, would seem to indicate that the state which is responsible for Babcock is far from "being a unit In support of Babcockism. a TO.ee XondeU. ; "With regard to tariff revision, which has been suggested in various quarters, would say that I have made a special effort to obtain the views of the people of Wyoming on the - sub ject, and have been unable to discover any considerable sentiment favorable to a revision of the tariff at this time. The tariff schedules which most di rectly affect the industries of this re gion are reasonably satisfactory to all of the people. Business is good; we are receiving fair prices for our pro ducts, and the outlook for the future under present conditions with the tariff undisturbed 1b encouraging. "Viewing the question of tariff revis ion In the light of present industrial conditions throughout the country, and with reference to the possible effect of a change In certain tariff schedules on industrial combinations, our people seriously question the wisdom of dis turbing industry and business In their pi tnt satisfactory condition by tariff agitation and tinkering, and generaflj they have little faith in the efficacy ol tariff changes to materially aid in the solution of the problems presented bj industrial consolidation. "In" my' opinion it 13 yet to be proven that a change in any schedules would rc-lt in the cheapening to" the Amer ican people of the products affected thereby, unless we are. ready to accept the destruction, of industries as the stupendous price to be paid for pos sible slight temporary reductions in prices. Business generally has nevei been in 'so satisfactory a condition throughout the country as it is at this time, neither has labor ever befor been so generally employed and well paid. "In view of these facts it seems to me that there is no good reason for a change in tariff schedules, but every reason to continue present conditions undisturbed. Your very truly, "F. W. Mondell. M. C." HOW THEY HURT THEM. Hard Blows Democrats Inflicted on Trusts. Didn't the Democrats hit the trusts hard when they were in power? Didn't they hit the whiskey trust when they extended the time for paying the nine ty million dollars taxes uue the gov ernment? Didn't they lam it to the sugar trust when they dallied with the tariff bill until the trust had scraped the earth for raw sugar and brought it in free under the McKinley bill? Didn't they sock it to the trusts again When they repealed the anti-trust provision of the McKinley bill which imposed a fine not exceeding $5,000 on persons convicted of entering into a trust, and then enacted an anti-trust law that prescribed no penalty against trusts, except among importers, who are not organized and never have been? Don't they make the trusts tremble when they assert that only the. protective tariff fosters them, while it is known that trusts are organized and flourish in free trade England? Don't they land another staggering blow to the trust octopus when they threaten tc bust it, when it is known that their national chairman, James K. Jones be longs to one of the biggest trusts in America? Didn't they hit the Ohio trusts hard when they denounced them in their platform in 1899 and then went to Washington, D. C, and picked out the rankest monopolist and trust stock owner to run for governor? Didn't the New York Democracy pre sent a fine spectacle as a trust fighter with a ringleader of the whole pack criminally connected with the Ameri can ice trust? Didn't Chairman Jones land another broadside Into the octo pus when he offered an amendment to the Porto Rican tariff bill to return the duties- on sugar imported from that island to the person from whom they were collected, which would have put over $600,000 back into the hands of the sugar trust? Brighton (N. J.) Pioneer. A PROSPERITY SILHOUETTE. Oar SslTstlon In a recent address Professor Mona ghan, of the University of Wisconsin, gave gratifying evidence of - the growth of sound economic opinion among thought molders. Like many other college professors who are strong on theory and wofully weak when it comes to practicalities Pro fessor Monaghan used to be a Free Trader. He is such no longer. Obser vation of facts and an intelligent study of actual conditions have converted him to the opposite doctrine. He says: .The high tariff we impose on impor tations is all that saves this country. That should be kept up or Germany and other countries will wipe ont the industries of the United States. At one time I thought that free trade would be an ideal thing, but since vis iting foreign countries and observing labor there, I have come to the con clusion that high tariff is our salva tion. Formerly our American colleges were free trade propogandlsts. In their libraries the student would search in vain for protection theory and thought. Every' text-book on political economy was the Free Trade stamp. To-day there are plenty of instructors like Professor Monaghan who hold the in telligent, practical. common sense 'American view that for the United States, free trade would be a blight and a calamity, and that "high tariff 1s our salvation." Protectionists knew this all the time, but it has taken a long time for the college professors to find It out. Now that they are finding it out there is hope that our young men will not have so much to unlearn after leaving college. mamlnc Kayo. The presumption is that the Ger man government bas no expectation of the adoption of the proposed tariff, but has brought it forward to please the Agrarians, and at the same time to let them see how Impossible their de mands are. New York Tribune. Vs Smtstj Not a Calamity. A worse thing might happen even ta Chicago than a successful hired girls union. ; In that -Russian city on the 'Amur river,, where last year the en thusiastic citizens drowned all the Chinese. residents, the great multitude of the drowned Included all the house, servants of-the place. They were all Chinese. Into the river they went. But no more Chinese servants came to take their places, and the house holders in that city have made their own beds and cooked thalr own din ners. Harper's Weekly. . The Lass of an Army. The most dramatic of single-man escapes was that of Dr. Brydone, im mortalized by Lady Butler's picture, "The Last of an Array." The catas trophe occurred in - Afghanistan, dur ing the troublous times of 1841-42. A mixed British and native force of some 16,000 men (including camp-followers) left Cabul for Jellalabad in the depth of winter, but were surrounded by the tribesmen in the Khyber Pass, and cut to pieces, the gallant doctor alone sur viving to tell the tale. Tit-Bits. Drink Water. If you do not accustom yourself to drink water regularly, you are liable to have the waste products of the tis sues of the body form faster than they are removed. Great weakness and Iangor on rising in the morning Is generally due to a large secretion of these waste products, and the remedy is to drink: a tumblerful of water either hot or cold just before retiring. This materially assists in the process during the night, and leaves the tis sues, fresh and strong, ready for the active work of the next day. .Professional Bee-Hnntcn. There are a large number of pro-; fessional "bee-hunters" in the west, and southwest of Texas. . Small caves and dark recesses formed by shelving, rock abound along the waterways of the Texan rivers. They are the nat ural hives of the wild bees, and take the place of the hollow tree trunks of the forest regions of the northern , country. These caves are used year, after year by bees, and in many in stances they have been found to be literally filled with honey. A NARROW ESCAPE. Bath, N. Y., Sept. 16th. There 1 now at the Soldiers' and Sailors' Home here an old soidie- who bas been near er death than anyone who has lived to tell the story. is name is A. E. Ayers. For many, years he lived in Minneapolis, Minn, where he is well known. Four physicians of that city once told Mr. Ayers that he could not live four days. He had Brights' disease. As a last resort b- tried Dodd's Kid ney Pills. He is strong and well today.. He says: "I was in the very presence of death, but Dodd's Kidney Pills saved " me. They are the greatest medicine in. -the world." Waahoda accentuated'. If the Jiboutil-Addis-Ababa railway is built with English capital not only will Jiboutil be annihilated from the political point of view, but the whole of the Abyssian market will be -lost to. French commerce. The English do not hide their intentions, and if ever the. vertebrae of the serpent belongs to them they will not leave his head be-, neath our heel. Thus will the misery of Fashoda be accentuated, and what: was only 'an effront to our amour propre will become a political and commercial bankruptcy. Paris Figaro., The man who is unable to borrow a dollar suffers from financial depression. ' A married man who was hypnotized says it felt like it does when his wife" makes up her mind. 'Tiie Cradle Rules tbe World' and all wise mothers make St. Jacobs Oil household remedy for the simple reason that it always Conquers Pain FARMS Vantedfor Cash IlllltlV n avH Wee-tern States. 11 am merr bigraanti sveai, cues 1,000 UEUSPAPERS Are now using our International Typ.-High Plates Sawed to LAEC3-SAY1JSG LENGTHS. They will save time In yonr eomposlns; room as they can be handled even duicke tssi type- ?o extra charge is made tor sawicg platea Sa short leng-ttis. eua a snai eraer so sua omce ana do CBTESa EEWSPAPER USISS, KANSAS wITTs N6. HjTY. ,