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His Record From Farm to the White House. HOW A COUNTRY BOY ROSE. Student. Solder, Lawyer, Congressman, Governor and Finally Xation's Chief Executive Tj. Road that to Pre to All American Boys. Here is the chronological story of the life of William McKinley, twenty fifth president of the United States, whose tragic death at the hands of the anarchist assassin Czolgosz has brought deepest sorrow to the Ameri can people. 1843. Jan. 29. William McKinley, son of William and Nancy (Allison) McKinley, is born at Niles, Trumbull county, Ohio, being the seventh of a family of nine children. 1852. The McKinley family removes to Poland, Mahoning county. O., where A FAVORITE PICTURE OF M'KINLEY. William studies at the Union seminary until he is 17. 1859. Becomes a member of the Methodist Episcopal church in Poland. 1860. Enters the Junior class in Al legheny college Meadville, Pa., but poor health prevents the completion of the course. Subsequently teaches in a public school near Poland and later becomes a clerk in the Poland ' post office. Enlists As a Private. 1861. June 11. Enlists as a private in Company E of the 23d Ohio Volun teer infantry. 1862. April 15. Promoted" to com missary sergeant while in the winter's camp at Fayette, W. Va. 1862. Sept. 24. Promoted lo second lieutenant, in recognition of services at the battle of Antietam. Wins the highest esteem of the colonel of the regiment, Rutherford B. Hayes, and becomes a member of his staff. 1863. Feb. 7. Promoted to first lieutenant. 1864. July 25. Promoted to captain for gallantry at the battle of Kerns town, near Winchester, Va. 1864. Oct. 11. First vote for Presi dent cast, while on a march, for Ab raham Lincoln. 1864. Shortly after the battle of Ce dar Creek (Oct. 19), Capt. McKinley serves on the staffs of Gen. George Crook and Gen. Winfield S. Hancock. 1865. Assigned as acting assistant adjutant general on the staff of Gen. Samuel S. Carroll, commanding the veteran reserve corps at Washington. President Incoln Brevets Him. 1865. March 13. Commissioned by President Lincoln as major by brevet in the volunteer United States army "for gallant and meritorious services at the battles of Opequan, Cedar Creek and Fisher's Hill." 1865. July 26. Mustered out of the army with his regiment, having never been absent from his command on sick leave- during more than four years service. 1865. Returns to Poland and at once begins the study of law. 1866. Enters the Albany (N. T.) Law School. 1867. Admitted to the bar at War ren, O., in March. Accepting the ad vice of an elder sister teaching in Can ton, he begins the practice of law in Canton and makes that place his home. Bis First Office. 1869. Elected prosecuting attorney of Stark county on the Republican . ticket, although the county had usual ly been Democratic . 1871. Jan. 25. Marries Miss Ida Saxten of Canton." (Two daughters born to Mr. and Mrs. McKinley Kat ie In 1871 and Ida in 1873 and both lost in early childhood.) 1871. Fails of re-election as prose cuting attorney by forty-five votes, and for the next five years devotes himself successfully to the practice of law, and becomes a leading member of the bar of Stark county. 1872. Though not a candidate very active as a campaign speaker in the Graat-Greely presidential campaign. 1875. Especially active and conspic uous as a campaigner in the closely contested state election in which Eutherord B. Hayes is elected govern or. . ; Elected to Congress. 1876. Elected member of the House of Representatives by 3,000 majority, his friend Hayes being elected to the presidency. 1878. Re-elected - to Congress by 1,234 majority, his district in Ohio having been gerrymandered to his dis advantage by a Democratic legisla ture. 1880. Re-elected to Congress by 3,571 majority. Appointed a member of the ways and means committee to succeed President Garfield. 1882. The Republicans suffer re verses throughout the country in the congressional elections and McKinley is re-elected by a majority of only 8. 1884. Prominent in the opposition to the proposed "Morrison tariff" in congress. 1884. As a delegate at large to the Republican national convention in Chicago, actively supports James G. Blaine for the presidential nomina tion. Again Elected to Congress. 1884. Re-eio;inl to Congress by a majority of 2,000. 1886. Re-elected to Congress by a majority of 2,550. 1886. Leads the minority opposition In Congress against the "Mills tariff bill." 1888. Delegate at large to the na tional convention In Chicago that nominated Benjamin Harrison, and serves as chairman of the committee on resolutions. Many delegates wish McKinley to become a nominee, but he stands firm in his support of John Sherman. - 18S8. Elected to Congress for the seventh successive time, receiving a majority of 4,100 votes. 1889. At the organization of the 51st Congress, is. a candidate for speaker of the House, but Is defeated on the third ballot in the Republican caucus by Thomas B. Reed. v Chairman of Ways and BEeans Com mittee. 1890. Upon the death of William D. Kelley in January McKinley becomes chairman of the ways and means com mittee and leader of his paj-ty in the House. He introduces a bill "to sim plify the laws in relation to the col lection of revenues," known as the "customs administration bill." He al so introduces a general tariff bill. The bill becomes a law on Ocffe. 1890. As a result of the gerryman dered congressional district and the reaction against the Republican party throughout the country, caused by the protracted struggle over the tariff bill, McKinley is defeated in the election for Congress by 300 votes in counties that had previously gone Democratic by 3,000. Elected Governor of Ohio. 1891. Nov. 3. Elected governor of Ohio by a plurality of 21,511, polling the largest vote that has ever been cast for governor in Ohio. His op ponent is the democratic governor, James E. Campbell. 1892. As delegate at large to the national convention at Minneapolis, and chairman of the convention, Mc Kinley refuses to permit the consid eration of his name and supports the renomination of President Harrison. The roll call results as follows: Har rison 535, Blaine 182. McKinley 182, Reed 4, Lincoln 1. 1892. . Death of William tlcKinley, Sr., in November. - 1895. Unanimously renominated for governor of Ohio and re-elected by a plurality of 80,995, this majority being the greatest ever recorded, with a sin gle exception during the civil war. for any candidate in the history of the State. 1896. June 18. At the Republican national convention at St. Louis Mc Kinley is nominated for president on the first ballot, the result of the vot ing being as follows: McKinley 661, Reed 84, Quay 60, Morton 68, Al lison 35, Cameron L - -Is Elected President. 1896. Nov. 3. Receives a popular vote in the presidential election of 7,104,779, a plurality of 601.854 over his Democratic opponent. William J. Bryan. In the electoral college later McKinley receives 271 votes, against 176 for Bryan. . 1897. March 4. Inaugurated Presi dent of the United States for the twenty-eighth quadrennial term. 1897. March 6. Issues proclamation for an extra session of Congress to as semble March 15. The president's message dwells solely upon the need of a revision of the existing tariff "law. 1897. May 17. In response to an appeal from the president Congress appropriates $50,000 for the relief of the destitution in Cuba. 1S97. July 24. The "Dingley tariff till" leceives the president's approval. 197. Dec. 12. Death of President McKinley's mother at Canton, O. 1898. Both branches of Congress vote unanimously (the House on Mar. 8 by a vote of 313 to 0 and the Senate by a vote of 76 to 0 on the following day) to place $50,000,000 at the dis posal of the president, to be used at his discretion "for the national de fense." B!s Ultimatum to SpaTn. 1898.. March 23. The president sends to the Spanish government, through Minister Woodford at Madrid, an ulti matum regarding the intolerable con dition of affairs m Cuba. i 1898. March 28. The report of the court of inquiry on the destruction of the - Maine - at Havana, on Feb. 15, is transmitted by the president to Con gress. 1898. April 11. The president sends a message to Congress outlining the situation, declaring that intervention is necessary and advising against the recognition of the Cuban government. 1898. April 21. The Spanish gov ernment sends Minister Woodford his passports, thus beginning the war. 1898. April 23. The president issues a call for 125,000 volunteers. 1898. April 24. . Spain formally de clares that war exists with the United States. Recommends Declaration of War. 1898. April 25. In a message to Congress the president recommends the passage of a joint resolution de claring that war exists with Spain. On the same day both branches of Congress passed such a declaration. 1898. May 25. The president issues a call for 75,000 additional volunteers. 1898. June 29. Yale university con fers .upon Preident McKinley the de gree of LL. D. 1898. July 7. Joint resolution of Congress provided for the annexation of Hawaii receives the approval of the president. 1898. Aug. 9. Spain formally ac cepts the president's terms of peace. 1898. Aug. 12. The peace protocol is signed. - An armistice is proclaimed and the Cuban blockade raised. 1898. Oct. 17. The president re ceives the degree of LL. D. from tiie University of Chicago. 1898. Dec. 10. The treaty of peace between Spain and the United States is signed- at Paris. 1900. March 14. The president signs the "gold standard act." Renominated for Presidency. 1900. June 21. The Republican na tional convention at Philadelphia un animously renominates William Mc Kinley for the presidency. 1900. June 21. The president's am nesty proclamation to the Filipinos is published in Manila. 1900. JuV 10.. ' The United States government makes public a statement of its policy as to its affairs in China. . 1900. Sept. 10. Letter accepting the presidential nomination and discuss ing the issues of the campaign is giv en to the public 1900. Nov. 6. In the presidential election William McKinley carries 23 states, which have an aggregate of 292 votes in the electoral college, his Democratic opponent, William J. Bry an, carrying 17 states, having 155 elec toral votes. His popular plurality is also larger than In the election of 1896. 1901. Begins a triumphal tour of the United States in May, the same be ing terminated by the sudden illness of Mrs. McKinley while at Los An geles. CaL Returns to Washington from San Francisco early in June. India's Army Elephants. Elephants in the Indian army are fed twice a' day. When meal time ar rives they are drawn up before piles of food. Each animal's breakfast in cludes 10 pounds of raw rice done up in five two pound packages. The rice is wrapped in leaves and then tied with grass. At the command "Atten tion!" each elephant raises his trunk and a package is thrown into his ca pacious mouth. By this method of feeding not a single grain of rice is wasted. - Bon righting on Bicycles. In Spain bull fighting on bicycles is becoming popular. Not long ago Car los Rodrigues, a famous cyclist, and Senor Badila, a noted picador, mount ed on cycles, tackled a bull in the arena at Madrid. The bull won In a canter. 1 ' ; A plant that grows in India.- called the philotacea electrics, emits elec tric sparks. The hand which touches it immediately experiences a shqpk. Theodore Roosecelt Zx JVote? the JVation's Chief Magistrate. By the death of William McKinley at the hands of the assassin Czolgosz, Theodore Roosevelt, the Vice-President, becomes President of the United States. Theodore Roosevelt was born In New York City October 27, 1858, of Dutch and Scotch- Erish ancestry. By all laws of heredity he is a natural leader, as his ancestry on both his father's and his mother's side,- who trace back beyond revolutionary days, were conspicuous by reason of their quality. His father was Theodore Roosevelt, after whom he was named, and his mother, whose given name was Martha, was .the daughter' of James and Martha Bulloch of Georgia. Educated at Borne. Young Roosevelt was primarily edu cated at home under private teachers, after which he entered Harvard, grad uating in 1880. Those qualities of ag gressiveness which ' have marked his more recent years of public life were present" with him in college, and .he was a conspicuous figure among his fellows. It was an interesting period in the history of the party and the nation, and young Roosevelt entered upon the political field with eagerness and en ergy. The purification of political and official life had been for some time an 'Pip. . ". MRS. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. Ideal with him, , and with this came the belief in the efficacy of the appli cation of civil-service rules to execu tive conduct. So strongly did he im press himself upon his political asso ciates that In 1882 he was nominated for the state assembly and elected. In the State Assembly. ' He served for three years and soon came to be recognized as an able and fearless advocate of the people's rights and he succeeded in securing the pas sage of several measures of great ben efit. The abolition of fees in the of fice of the county clerk and the aboli tion of the joint power of the board of aldermen In the mayor's appoint ments were among those of special benefit to the city of New York. Another important work done by him was the Investigation of the city gov ernment, and particularly the police department, in the winter of 188-1. An other important service was securing the passage of the civil service reform law of 1884. Bans for Mayor of Sv York. In 1886 Mr. Roosevelt was nominat ed as an independent candidate for mayor of New York, but, although in dorsed by the Republicans, was de feated. In 1884 he was chairman of the New Tork delegation to the national Re publican convention. He had hsen PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT. r ' "J . . among those who did not regard Mr. Blaine as the most available candi date of the party, but after the laser's nomination Mr. Roosevelt gave him his hearty support, and in the face of the remarkable defection in New York at that time. la tha 2Ttloal Civil Ssr vice. In May, 1899, President Harrison ap pointed him civil service-commissioner, and he served as president of the board until May, 1896. During his in cumbency he was untiring in his ef forts to apply the civil service prin- ciples of merit and capacity to all ex ecutive departments. As a result of this zeal the country was shown the first practical application of the rules to civil government. Civil Service Reformer. He proved that unflinching civil service reform was not only consist ent with party loyalty, but In the highest degree was necessary to party service. None doubted the reformer's Republicanism, but it was not an easy task. Judgment, tact, honesty, ener gy, and a certain sturdy pugnacity were necessary to the accomplishment of his purpose. Every detail of the system was opened to carping criti cism and to hostile attack. The ad ministration itself was only friendly to the movement. Not only had poli ticians to be kept out of places, but competent servitors had to be pro vided. In the Police Commission. As president of the civil-service commission Mr. Roosevelt resigned in May, 1895, to become president of the New York board of police commission ers. Legislative investigation had shown the corruption in that body, and to this field he turned with a new zest. An uncompromising enforce ment of law was his policy. It brought criticism and vituperation upon him, but he persisted. Honest methods in the police department were forced, and civil-service principles were em bodied into the system of appoint ments and promotions. Sunday clos ing of saloons became a fact, and a seemly observance of the day was in sisted upon. Navy's Assistant Secretary. In April, 1897, Mr. Roosevelt was nominated by President McKinley to be assistant secretary of the navy. He pushed repairs on the ship3 and worked with might and main, forseeing a con flict with Spain. He left nothing un done to secure the highest efficiency in the navy. On May 6, 1898. Mr. Roosevelt re signed this place to muster in a cav alry regiment for the Spanish war. Life in the west had made this a fit ting ambition. As a hunter of big game, used to the saddle and the camp and an unerring shot with rifle and ROOSEVELT'S COTTAGE AT OY STER BAY, I L revolver, the country recognized In him the making of a dashing cavalry leader..' He had experienced military duty In the New York National Guard in the '80s. CoL Wood was put in command of the Rough Riders; Mr. Roosevelt was lieutenant coloneL Oa June 15 the regiment sailed to doit Gen. Shatter in Cuba. With the Rongh Riders. - From the time of landing until tha fall of Santiago the Rough Riden were giant figures in the campaign. Their work reached a climax on July 1, when Lieut.-Col. Roosevelt led the regiment in the desperate charge uj San Juan hill. He had shared all the hardships of his men, and when he broke the red " tape of discipline to complain of Gen. Shatter's camp" and its dangers from disease the army was with him and the war department lis tened to his Judgment, On July 11 he was commissioned a colonel of volun teers. Elected Governor of New Tort. Scarcely two months later the new military hero was nominated for gov ernor of New York. In the conven tion he received 753 votes, against the 218 cast for Gov.v Frank S. Black. Col. Roosevelt entered into the cam paign with characteristic energy. Men of all parties supported him and h was elected by a plurality of more than 18,000. His administration was very satisfactory to his state. As reformer, official, military leadet and state executive, he has carried hij earnest dashing personality into it all. As a Writer. As a writer of outing japers hit varied experiences ori the trail hav served him well. In biography, his life of Thomas H. Bent Tm and ol Gouvernour Morris have been praised. Essays and papers dealing with politi cal life have added to this reputation. Of his latest work, "The Rough Rid ers" has been pointed to as ''one ol the most thrilling pieces of military history produced in recent years." When his name was first proposed for the vice presidency, Mr. Roosevelt declined the honor, preferring to re main governor. He finally consented, after much pressure. Mr. Roosevelt's Family. Mr. Roosevelt has been married twice. His first wife was Miss Allc Lee of Boston; the second. Miss Edith Carow of New York. He is the fathet of six children, ranging from 16 to i years of age. His domestic life is ideal. Whethei ensconced in winter quarters at Al bany or New York, or at the famous Roosevelt home at Oyster Bay on Long Island, he is an indulgent father and romps with his children with as much zest as the youngest of them. Th youngsters are known as the Roose velt half-dozen, and all reflect in som manner the paternal characteristic. All Bright Children. The oldest girl is Alice, tall, Aars and serious looking. She rides hei father's Cuban campaign horse with fearlessness and grace. " The next oliv branch is Theodore, Jr., or "young Teddy." the idol of his father's heart and a genuine chip of the old block. Young "Teddy" owns a shot gun and dreams of some day shooting bigger game than his father ever did. H also rides a pony of his own. Alice, the eldest girl, is nearly 16. She is the only child by the first Mrs. Roosevelt. "Young Teddy," the pres- ALICE ROOSEVELT. ent Mrs. Roosevelt's oldest child. Is li. Then there are Kermit, 11; EtheL 9; Archibald. 6, and Quentin. 3. Shallow Lakes for Pish. Prof. Marsh of Wisconsin, in speak ing recently of the peculiarities oi Lake Winnebago, said that it is re markable for its shallowness. -Although it Is about twenty-eight mile in width, it has a depth of only twenty-five feet. This is due to th fact that the lake's outlet is constantly deepening and that its inlet is gradu ally filling Its bottom with a sandy oi earthy deposit. But . Winnebago shallowness makes It remarkably rich in fish; indeed, it is one of the most productive known. Shallow lakes al ways nave more fish than deep ones, chiefly, perhaps, because there is mor vegetation on the bottom of the shal low one. Vegetation does not flourish in deep water. As) Alphabetical Advertisement. This alphabetical advertisement ap peared in the London Times in 1842: To widowers and single gentlemen. Wanted by a lady, a situation to su perintend the household and preside at table. She is Agreeable, Becoming, Careful, Desirable, English. Facetious, Generous. Honest, Industrious, Judi cious, Keen, Livjly, Merry, Natty, Obe dient, Philosophic, Quiet, Regular, So ciable, Tasteful, Useful, Vivacious, Womanish. Xanttppish, Youthful. Zeal ous, etc AddrBS X. Y- Z., Simmonds Librajr- Edemajreroad, .