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BE A SON TS. KEVISION.
THE INSINCERITY AND UNWISDOM OF THE ANTI-TARIFF ORY. History ot legislation Aajalnst Trait Snows That the Democrats When in Power Talked One Way and Toted the Other. Rational and convincing letters from congressmen continue to come in in response to the American Economist's Inquiry about tariff revision. Mr. Bar nam of California discusses the ques tion in particular as related to trusts. He exposes the insincere character of the democratic anti-trust war cry by pitting practice against profession, and to the puzzled and patriotic citizen. anxious to do away with monopoly Mr. Barbara points the way to proceed: 'Congressman XSarnam. Editor American Economist: Califor nia is practically unanimous for the present protective policy as contained in the Dingley tariff. Some one over anxious to promote or advance his per sonal political ambition may suggest a modification or recasting of the Ding ley tariff. Such excess of ambition will probably rebound so as to pester him in the future and remove him from the political horizon altogether. A republican of ordinary intelligence could not, in my jud&ment, conscien tiously advocate a revision of the pres ent tariff. "It may be thought popular to go to any extent in agitating the question of "trusts," and that the people cast be misled into the belief that "trusts" can be destroyed by removing the tariff from the output of "trusts. Anyone who so believes is misleading himself. Every one who has given attention to this question knows perfectly well that trusts' do not come from, or grow out of, the protective tariff system. The people are quite well informed upon this subject, and he who thinks differ ently will find himself, where he ought Jo be, in the dust of the procession of progress and prosperity. The revision of the tariff means loss of confidence loss of confidence means closing down of industries and preventing the up building of new ones, lower wages want, poverty. The wage-earner and capitalist know this full well. There Is no danger of revision. Labor will not tamely submit to be returned to the condition in which It was so re cently; neither will capital be com pelled to go out of business by rank demagoguery. "It is an assured fact, also, that too much reciprocity will not meet favor able consideration. The ' numberless reciprocal treaties proposed by Mr. Kasson are clear proof of his entire want of proper information on indus trial conditions. Some of his miscon ceived ideas would have worked great Injury had the senate ratified his pro posed treaties. "While the doctrine of reciprocity is the true one, yet it must not be misapplied. "If the word 'trust' Is used in the sense of monopoly, then every 'trust' now in existence can, by proper pro cedure in the courts, be destroyed. No monopoly, except for a limited time under patent rights secured by the constitution, can exist under our laws. The common law established the in validity of monopolies over four hun dred years ago in England, and that rule has come down to us and exists In every state in the Union; and the Sherman law of 1S90 covers the ques tion in so far as the power of congress goes. No monopoly, with the excep tion above mentioned, can or has a legal existence in the United States or In any state in the Union. The courts have so held whenever and wherever the question has arisen. To destroy a monopoly the machinery of the courts need only to be put in mo tion. This every lawyer within the corporate limits of the Union knows. Further, every law upon the statute books of the United States against combines, trusts and monopolies has been put there by a republican con gress and signed by a republican presi ' dent. "Although the Sherman law was passed in 1S90 by a republican con gress and signed by a republican pres ident, the democratic party, in its plat form of 1892, promised to destroy 'trusts' if put into power. Unfortu nately for the country, that party was put Into full power. They Lad the house, senate and president. What was done? Eleven bills against 'trusts' were introduced into the house and senate, and six of these went to the committee on ways and means. Mr. Bryan was in the house and was a member of that committee. "What be . came of all thesq bills? Nothing. Tbey were never reported out of the com mittee. Why not? Why were 'trusts' not crushed? They had full power ta pass any constitutional law. If the Sherman law was not complete, why not correct It? Why not malie it com plete? Was one of these bills (intro duced for publication only) ever re ported out of a committee and voted on? No. The records of the Fifty third congress show all these factB. What demagoguery! Congress "ex hausted its power over the subject in the Sherman act. President Cleve land knew this and said so in his an nual message (1S87) to congress. "The democrats always talk against trusts' and always vote for them. The last vote was on the proposition of the republicans to amend the Constitution, so as to give congress more power over trusts.' Democrats in the house de livered prepared speeches against trusts, while the records of the Fifty sixth congress show that they voted for 'trusts' and against, the amend ment. "Republicans ought to let the demo crats have a monopoly of demagogae- ry. I want to suggest to my repub lican friends not to enter that field. The combin is too strong and you will certainly be crushed. The other side are too well equipped;' you must not enter, you will be destroyed. Save yourself by keeping out. Prosperity in the United States to day Is without an original, and is nn- parallelled in the whole history of the country. Who would disturb present conditions must be a bold adventurer, indeed. Because some combination takes advantage of the conditions is no reason for the agitation of a ques tion which will seriously menace the prosperity of the country, paralyze in dustries and bring in its path ruin, dis aster, misery, want, poverty. No, do not attempt revision. Lei reciprocity be carried on when and where it will benefit the people and do no Injury to any of us. J. A. Barham." FARMER'S PROTECTION. He Is Best Off with a Nearby Market for His Produce. It is the stock argument of the free traders that protection is of all thing3 inimical to the Interests of the farmer. They grudgingly concede that the manufacturing industries thrive under protection, but they point to the trusts as the legitimate result of the protec tive policy, unwilling or unable to see that the relation of protection to the trusts is simply this: Protection al lows American industries to exist. The trusts, so far as they are hostile to the general good, are abuses of this con dition, not its legitimate or intended effect. The remedy for any evil caus ed by the trusts is not free trade, but regulation. Under free trade there possibly would not be any trusts. There wouldn't be much business of any kind. Amputation of everybody's legs is not the most sensible remedy for the habit of kicking people. Legs can be regulated without being taken off and especially without depriving the inno cent of something to stand on. The free traders have always con tended that the farmers didn't need anything to stand on, and lots ot farmers honestly believe they would be better off without protection. What do they think of Germany's agrarian tariff, designed to protect the German farmer by the imposition of heavy duties? If protection helps the Ger man farmer, why not the American? Of course, the protection afforded is different in kind, but the same in ef fect. This country doesn't import farm products and Germany does. The American farmer is not in need of protection, except in Isolated cases from neighboring countries, from com petition in his own products. But when the workingman has no wages he has no flour and meat and vege tables, and that's what the farmer has to sell and he doesn't want to depend too much upon the foreign market for his sales. The peculiar speciousness of the free trade argument lies in its appeal to class cupidity. The prosperity of each class depends upon that of all. Wheat at $2 and corn at 75 cents on the other side of the globe may appear an ideal condition from the farmer's view. But it is much better to have $1 wheat and 50-cent corn with money in the pocket of the American con sumer to buy it. Kansas City Journal. . The Absence ef It. If there is any truth in the saying that happiness Is the absence of all pain, mental and physical, the enjoy ment of it can only be found in hea ven. But so far as the physical Is con cerned. It Is within easy reach; at least measurably so, as far as cure will go. The sum of human misery in this line Is made up of greater or less de grees of physical suffering. The minor aches and pains which afflict mankind are asy to reach and as- easily cured. There are none in the whole category, which, if taken in time, cannot be cured. They must in some form af flict the nerves, the bones, the muscles and joints of the human body. They are all more or less hurtful and waste ful to the system. St. Jacob's Oil is made to cure them, to search out hid den pain spots, and to cure promptly in a true remedial and lasting way. Very, very many have not known hap piness -for years till they used it, and very many are putting off cure and happiness because they don't use it. The yachting crank has nautical talk that has never been used. - Are Ton Using- Allen's Foot Ease It is the only cure for Swollen, Smarting, Burning, Sweating Feet, Corns and Bunions. Ask for Allen's Foot-Ease, a powder to be shaken into the shoes. At all Druggists and Shoe Stores, 25c. Sample sent FREE. Ad dress, Allen S. Olmsted. LeRoy, N. Y. The giddy flea enjoys a hop every night. LIFE OF PRESIDENT M' KIN LEY. By Murat Halstead; large book; only $1.50; big profits to agents; freight paid; credit given; agents mak ing J15 daily. Send lOcts for mailing free outfit at once. KNAPP PUBLISHING CO., Kansas City, Mo. In a yacht race it isn't the cup that cheers. Mn. Wlntlows Soothing Bymih Tor children teething, softens the gums, reduces tn tlsmmatlon. aliays pain.cures wind colic 25csbottle A church sensation drowsiness. WISCONSIN FARM LANDS. The best of farm lands can be ob tained now in Marinette County, Wis consin, on the Chicago, Milwaukee ft St. "Paul Railway at a low price and on very favorable terms. Wisconsin is noted for its fine crops, excellent markets and healthful climate. Why rent a farm when you can buy one much cheaper than you can rent and in a few years it will be your own property. For particulars address F. A. Miller, General Passenger Agent. Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Rail way, Chicago. Marriage is a lottery therefore ali mony is a gambling debt. "New York City, Jnne 12th, 1901. I heart. Oy recommend Garfield Tea for liver trouble. Our family physician prescribed your Tea, and after taking four packages my system is in perfect condition and my complexion has become clear. " It has been demonstrat ed by years of use throughout the world that Garfield Tea cleanses the system and purifies the blood; from all reports it would seem that nothing can equal this simple herb med icine that cures in is at lire's way. A remote period is the one due at the end of a woman's remarks. Ladias Can Wear Shoes. One size smaller after usin g-Allen's Foot Ease, a powder. It makes tight or new hoes easy. Cures swollen, hot,sweating, aching feet, ingrowing nails, corns and bunions. All druggists and shoe stores, 5c Trial package FREE by mail. Ad dress Allen S. Olmsted, LeRoy, N.Y. Some men get rich, while others are waiting for great opportunities. What is the ue of employing- some one to do your dyeing; for you. If you use PUTNAM FADELESS DYES you can do it just as well as a professionaL Sold by druggists, 10c per package. What has the weather done that it should be talked about so much? We thank you for" trying Wizard Oil for rheumatism or neuralgia, then you will thank us. Ask your druggist. Hard luck a horseshoe. DO IOCR CLOTHES LOOK YELLOW? If so, nse Red Cross Ball Blue. It will make them white as snow. 2 oz. package 5 cents. "Ho la the Trst This Is favorite expression with persons who have goods oh hand that they wish to sell to the public But their goods are not always good. Neith er have they a right at all times to claim that they, are "not In the trust-" As a matter ot fact they gen erally are In the trust. Trusts know the advantage of advertising their goods as "not In the trust.' ' It helps them to sell an inferior article that they may pay dividends on watered stock. The Defiance Starch company has no false stock on which to . pay dividends. They simply manufacture the best starch that is made anywhere in the world, and sell 16 ounces for ten cents. Ask your grocer for it. Made by Magnetic Starch Co., Omaha, Neb, v , A wild steer is dangerous on either Pisos Cnra is tne best medicine we ever nsed for all affections of the throat and lungs. Wis. O. EauUT, Vanburen, Ind., Feb. 10. 1900. The acrobat is always willing to do a good turn. dear white clothes are a sign that the housekeeper n-es Red Cross Ball Blue. Large 2 oz. package. 5 cents. BAY'S .TRACT BEEF We use the best lean beef, eet all the essence from it, and concentrate it to the uttermost. In an ounce of our Kx tract there is all the nutrition of many ' pounds of beef. To get more nutriment to the ounce is impossible. Lobby's Atlas of the World, with 3a new maps, size 8x1 X inches, sent any where for 10 cts. in stamps.- Our Book let, "How to Make Good Things to Eat," mailed free. ?tt . II a t LiuDy, mcr.eu. a LiuDy, CHICACO. ? w w D NCUH ESTER LEADER" and "REPEATER" SMOKELESS POWDER SHOTGUN SHELLS re used by the best shots in the country because they are so accurate, uniform and reliable. All the world's championships and records have been won and made by Winchester shells. Shoot them and you'll shoot well. USED BY THE BEST SHOTS. SOLD EVERYWHERE a iif iijn till IITr rt ii snmi mmiw Mom us wsi. PRESIDENT MUl-ll I sj If U If I ril only authorized official, authentic life of IVI C Ix I IM l t Y , also Rivlne lives of our other martyr Presidents, Lincoln and Garfield: complete ln.lde history of the TUlainous workings of the anarchistic societies; profusely Illus trated; over SOO paties; liberal commission to afrents and a straight guaranteed salary to those in the advanced positions. You never had a better opportunity to make b!fr money quickly and easily than you have today. Tub can make 80OO per month for the next three months pushing- this marvelous history of a arrest and good and useful life. Strike now. while the Iron Is hot. lo not delay, for every day is worth from SsO.OO to 9SO.OS to you. And bear In mind that If you demonstrate to us that you can sell books, that later In the fall we win be willing to employ you under a straight out guaranteed salary to appoint and Instruct other agents. This Is the chance of a lifetime. We make our own books and can easily duplicate the offer of any other bouse and will do so. Many of these concerns that are advertising McKinley books are merely general agents and buy their books from us. We advise you to order from ns and thus deal directly with the manufacturers. Credit given; freight paid; outfit free. Write today and send ten cents for postage on outfit. CO-OPERATIVE I't K. CO. (Manufacturers of the only official LUs of Mckinley . S09-SSS DEARBORN STREET, CHICAGO. (7 9 FOOD WHICH MAKES HIM FAT. Nov 6 a. a k Ex-Congressman Aldrich, of Alabams. Editor American Economist: I am not a member ot the Fifty-seventh congress, not having been a candidate for re-election. In reply to your question, I am of the opinion that carefully considered reciprocity treaties would tend to the enlargement of the American markets for manufactured goods and be mora beneficial to the country than any general revision of the tariff would be. It seems to me that it would be bet ter for the republican party not to re open the tariff question, as it is and must continue for a long period the chief corner stone on which American prosperity has been built -and will be maintained. Very truly, "W. F. Aid-rich. Worse Than Idle Gossip. The talk about European nation uniting in a tariff war on the United States is funny enough in view ol their own relations on the tariff ques tion. The Russian government baa semi -officially informed Germany that the proposed new German tariff, if carried into effect, will result In Rus sian reprisals. The Austrian govern ment, through its prime minister, has made a similar statement. Harmony on the tariff question has not existed in Europe in the memory of man. The talk about a union against the United States is worse than idle gossip. Al lentown (Pa.) Register. To tike Lacllo Don't let your grocer sell '.you at 12 oz. peckage of laurvdry strcH for 10 certs when you catt get 16 oz. of the very best starch made for the same PI I Ha5 No Equal, llfe nun REQUIRES NO COOKING vj? Y I PREPARED FOR W I 1 ;JW8Y PURPOSES OMY A J Iv 0 Mfh m j vi v vi V vy LI-J I iVM 1 1 1 r.fj&S price. OrVe-third more starch for the same txvorvey. -fir EXACT SIZE OF IO CENT PACKAGE. 72 PACKAGES IN A CASE. customer claims to be unsatisfactory in any way. We have and you must have it. 0HJ)ER. FROM YOUR JOBBER. If To tke DeaJers: GO SLOW In placing- orders for 12-oz. Laundry Starch. - You-won't be able to sell 12 ounces for 10 cents while your competitor offers 16 ounces for the same money. DEFIANCE STARCH IS THE BIGGEST THE BEST COLD, WATER STARCH MADE. No Chromos, no Premiums, but a better starch, and one-third more of it, than is con tained in' any other package for' the price. Having adopted every idea in the manufac ture of starch which modern invention has made possible, we offer Defiance Starch, with every confidence in. giving satisfaction. Consumers ' are becoming more and more dissatisfied with the prevalent custom of getting 5c. "worth of starch and 5c. worth of some useless thing, when they want 10c. worth of starch. We give no premiums with Defiance Starch, relying on " Qual ity .and Quantity as the more satisfactory method of getting business. You take no chances in pushing this article, we give an ab solute guarantee . with every package sold, and authorize dealers to take back any starch that a made . arrangements to advertise it thoroughly, yoa cannot get H from Kim, write vs. MANVFACTVRXD BY MAGNETIC STARCH MFG. OMAHA, NEB. 80Z0D0NT for is Tccih a Drcaih 25 it all Storts, or by Call for th prist. CALL & CUCIIL, Caw Yerk. W. N. U. Kansas City No.39.19Ql sa aaBfa.M m faa m- .JOHN V.IIOnRll L WsslaVI UtJ Washington, U.tZ I risJiBtsnaa Pension Banas, am ijgauro wax. aaunn '