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v . -. - U Ul TWENTY-THIKD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, OCT. 12, 1901. H.S.GIVLER,Prop. NUMBER 32. II U II III TALMAGE'S SERMON. DEFEATS OF OBLIVION LAST SUN DAY'S SUBJECT. "Be Shall Be Ko More Remembered" Job. xxlv. CO "The Righteous Shall Be In Everlasting: Remembrance" Fulnu exit. O. (Copyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch, N. T. Washington, Sept. 29. In this dis course Dr. Talmage shows how any one can be widely and forever recol lected and cheers despondent Christian workers; texts, Job xxiv, 20, "He shall be no more remembered," and Psalms cxii, 6, "The righteous shall be in ever lasting remembrance." - Of oblivion and it3 defeats I speak today. There is an old monster that swallows down everything. It crunches individuals, families, com munities, states, nations, continents, hemispheres, worlds. Its diet is made up of years, of centuries, of ages, of cycles, of millenniums, of eons. That monster is called by Noah Webster and all other dictionaries "Oblivion." It is a steep down which everything rolls. It is a conflagration in which everything is consumed. It Is a dirge which all orchestras play and a period at which everything stops. It is the cemetery of the human race. It Is the domain of forgetfulness. Oblivion! At times it throws a shadow over all of us, and I would not pronounce it today if I did not come armed In the strength of the eternal God on your behalf to attack It, to route it, to de molish it. Why, just look at the way the fami lies of the earth disappear. For awhile they are together, inseparable, and to each other Indispensable, and then they part, some by marriage going to establish other homes, and some leave this life, and a century is long enough to plant a family, develop it, prosper It and obliterate it. So the generations vanish. Walk up Pennsylvania ave nue, Washington; Broadway, New York; State street, Boston; Chestnut street, Philadelphia; the Strand, Lon don; Princess Btreet, Edinburgh; Champs Elysees, Paris; Unter den Linden, Berlin, and you will meet In this year, 1901 not one person who walked there in the year 1801. What engulfment! All the ordinary efforts at perpetuation art dead failures. Walter Scott's Old Mortality may go round with his chisel to recut the faded epi taphs on tombstones, but Old Oblivion has a quicker chisel with which he can cut out a thousand epitaphs while Old Mortality is cutting one epitaph. Whole libraries of biographies devour ed of bookworms or unread of the ris ing generations. All the signs of the stores and warehouses of great firms have changed, unless the grandsons think that it is an advantage to keep the old sign up because the name of the ancestor was more commendatory than the name of the descendant. The city of Rome stands today, but dig down deep enough, and you come to another Rome, buried, and go down still farther, and you will find a third Rome. Jerusalem stands today, but dig down deep enough and you will find a Jerusalem underneath .and go on and deeper down a third Jerusa lem. Alexandria, Egypt, on top of an Alexandria, and the second on top of the third. Many of the ancient cities are buried thirty feet deep or fifty feet deep or 100 feet deep. What was the matter? Any special calamity? No The wind and waves and sands and flying dust are all undertakers and gravediggers. and if the world stands long enough the present Washington and New York and London will have on top of them other Washingtons ac& New Yorks and Londons, and only after digging and boring and blasting will the archaeologists of far distant centuries come down as far as the highest spires and domes and turrets of our present American and European cities. The Roll of Armies. Call the roll of the armies of Bald win L or of Charles Martel or of Marl borough or of Mithridates or of Prince Frederick or of Cortes, and not one answer will you hear. Stand them la line and call the roll of the 1.000.000 men ire the army of Thebes. Not one answer. Stand them in line, the 1,700,000 infantry and the 200.000 cav alry of the Assyrian army under Ni nus, and call the roll. Not one an swer. Stand in line the 1,000,000 men of Sesostris, the 1.200,000 men of Artaxerxes at Cunaxa, the 2.641.000 men under Xerxes at Thermopylae and call the long roll. Not one answer. At the opening of our civil war the men , of the northern and southern armies were told that if they fell In battle their names would never be forgotten by their country. Out - of the million men who fell in battle or died in military hospitals you cannot call the names of a thousand, nor the names of 600 nor the names of 100 nor the names of fifty. Oblivion! Are the feet of the - dancers who at the ball of the Duchess of Richmond at Brussels the night before Waterloo all still? All still. Aro the ears that heard the guns of Bunker Hill all deaf? . All deaf. Are the eyes that saw the coronation of Oeorge II. all closed? All closed. Oblivion! A hundred years from now there will not be a being on this earth that knew we ever lived. In some old family record a descend ant studying up the ancestral line may spell out our name and from the fad ed ink with great efTort find that some person by our name was born some where in the nineteenth century, but they will know no more about us than we know about the color of a child's eyes born last night 'in a village in Patagonia.' Tell me something about your great-grandfather. What were his features? What did he do? What year was he born? What year did he die? And your g.eat-grandmother? Will you describe the style of the hat she wore, and how did she and your great-grandfather get on in each other's companionship? Was It March weather or. June? Oblivion! That mountain surge rolls over everything. Even the pyramids are dying. Not a day passes but there is chiseled oft a chip of that granite. The sea is tri umphing over the land, and what Is going on at our Atlantic coast is going on all around the world, and the con tinents are crumbling into the waves, and while this is transpiring on the outside of the world, the hot chisel of the internal fire is digging under the foundations of the earth and cut ting its way out toward the surface. It surprises me to hear the people say they do not think the world will finallly be burned up when all the sci entists will tell you that it has for ages been on fire. Why, there is only a crust between us and the furnaces inside raging to get out Oblivion! The world Itself will roll into it as easily as a school boy's India rubber ball rolls down a hill, and when our world goes it Is bo interlocked by the law of gravitation with other worlds that they will go too, and so far from having our mem ory perpetuated by a monument of Aberdeen granite in this world there Is no world In sight of our strongest telescope that will be a sure pediment for any slab of commemoration of the fact that we ever lived or died at all. Our earth Is struck with death. The axletree of the constellations; will break and let down the populations of other worlds. Stellar, lunar, solar, mortality. Oblivion! It can swallow and will swallow whole galaxies of worlds as easily as a crocodile takes down a frog. Yet oblivion does not remove or swallow everything that had better not be removed or swallowed. The old monster is welcome to his meal. This world would long ago have been overcrowded if not for the merciful removal of nations and generations. What if all the books had lived that were ever written and printed and published? The libraries would by their immensity have obstructed intel ligence and made all research impos--sible. The fatal epidemic of books was a merciful epidemic. Many of the state and national libraries today are only morgues, in which dead books are waiting for some one to come and rec ognize them. What if all the people that had been barn were still alive? We would have been elbowed by our ancestors cf ten centuries ago, and people who ought to have said their last word 3,000 years ago would snarl at uk, saying, "What are you doing here?" There would have been no room to turn around. Some of the past generations of mankind were not worth remembering. The first useful thing that many people did was to die, their cradle a misfortune and their grave a boon. This world was hard ly a comfortable place to live la be fore the middle of the eighteenth cen tury. So many things have come into the world that were not fit to stay in we ought to be glad they were put out. The waters of Lethe, the fountain of forgetfulness, are a healthful draft. The history we have of the world In ages past is always one s'.ded and can not be depended on. History is fiction illustrated by a few straggling facts. 'Why We Should Be Remembered. Now, I have told you that this obli vion of which I have spoken has Its defeats and that there Is no more rea son why we should not be distinctly and vividly and gloriously remembered five hundred million billion trinion" quadrillion quintillion years from now than that we should be remembered six weeks. I am going to tell you how the thing can be done and will be done. We may build this "everlasting re membrance," as my text styles it, into the supernal existence of those to whom we do kindness in this world. Yon must remember- that this infirm and treacherous faculty which we now call memory is in the future state to be complete and perfect. "Everlasting re membrance!" Nothing will slip the stout grip of that celestial faculty. Did you help a widow pay her rent? Did you find for that van released from prison a place to -get honest work? Did yon pick np a child fallen on the curbstone and by a stick of caody put In his hand stop the . hurt on Ilia scratched knee? Did you assure a busi ness man swamped by the stringency of the money market that times won Id after awhile be better? Did you lead a juagaaien or the street into a midnight mission, where the Lord said to her, "Neither do I condemn thee. Go and sin no more?" Did you tell a man clear discouraged in his waywardness and hopeless and nlottinir suicida that for him was near by a laver in which ne mignt wash and a coronet of eter nal blessedness he mieht wear? What are epitaphs in graveyards, what are euiogiums in presence of those whose breath is in their nostrils, what are un read biographies in the alcoves of a city library, compared with the imper ishable records you have made in tha illumined memories of those to whom you did such kindnesses?. Forget mem? They cannot forget them. Not withstanding all their mitrht anil splendor there are some things the giorinea or heaven cannot do, and this is one or them. They cannot forget an earthly kindness done. They have no cutlass to part that eablp. Th no strength to hurl into oblivion that benefaction.. Has Paul forgotten the Inhabitants of Malta, who extended the lsiana hospitality when he and others with him had felt, added to a shin- wreck, the drenching rain and the tuarp coiay ias the victim of the highwayman on the road to Jericho forgotten the good Samaritan with a medicament of oil and wine and a free ride to the hostelry? Have the Eng lish soldiers who went up to God from the Crimean battlefields forgotten Florence Nightingale? Through all eternity will the northern and south ern soldiers forget the northern and suutnern women who administered to the dying boys in blue and crflT a ft&r the awful fights In Tennessee and Pennsylvania and Virginia and Geor gia, which turned every house and barn and shed Into an hosnital dined the Susquehanna and the James ana tne Chattahoochee and the Savan nah with brave blood? The ktnrin you do to others will stand as long in xne appreciation of others as the gates of heaven will stand, as the "housa of many mansions" will stand, as long as me in rone or God will stand. Defeat of Oblivion. Another defeat of oblivion will fc round in the character of those whom we rescue, uplift or save. Character is eternaL Suppose by a right Influence we aid in transforming a bad man into a good man,, a dolorous man into a happy man. a disheartened man into a courageous man, every stroke of that worn aone win be immortalized. There may never be so much as one line in a newspaper regarding it or no mortal tongue may ever whisper it Into human ear, but wherever that soul shall go your work upon it shall go, wherever that soul rises your work on It will rise, and so long as that soul will last your work on it will last. rn vrm but.- f pose there will ever come such an idi otic lapse in the nistory of that soul in heaven that it shall foreet that von invited him to Christ; that you, by prayer or gospel word, turned him rouna irom tne wrcn way to the right way! No such insamtv will ever smit a heavenly citizen. It Is not half as well on earth known that Christopher Wren planned and built St. Paul's an it will be known in all heaven that you were the instrumentality of building a temple for the sky. We teach a Sab bath class or put a Christian tract In tne - hand of a passerby or testify for Christ in a prayer meeting or preach a sermon and go home discouraged, as though nothing had been accomplished, when we had been character building with a material that no fi-ost or earth quake or rolling of the centuries can carnage or Dring down. - There is no sublimer art on earth than architecture. With pencil and rule and compass the architect sits down alone and in silence and evolves from his own brain a cathedral or a national capltol or a massive home be fore he leaves that table, and then he goes out and unrolls his plans and calls carpenters and mason and arti sans of all sorts to execute his design, and when it is finished he walks around the vast structure and sees the completion of the work with high sat isfaction, and on a stone at some cor ner of the building the architect's name may be chiseled. - But the storms do their work, and time, that takes down everything, will yet take down that structure until there shall not be one stone left upon another. But there is a soul in heaven. Spaniard Propoeed m Bullfight. They tell a story to the effect that when the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals proposed to estab lish a branch in a leading city of Spain the municipal body courteously accept ed the proposal and offered to hold a grand bull fight at once to furnteh the funds. Troy Times. Aq,trallmn Apples. Parts of Australia are becoming live ly rivals to Canada and the . United States in the European apple trade. Tasmania, especially, has - been found a first-class apple-raising country. There are 8.373 acres in apple orchards there and the product in 1890 was 363, 916 bushels. - . . DAIRY AND POULTRY. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READSRS. Bow Successful Farmers Operate This Department of the Farm A. Few Bints as to the Care of Lire Stock and Poultry. Some Bints on Turkeys. From the Farmers' Review: After the red comes, usually when they are eight or ten weeks old, it is not necessary to fight lice upon them again if you keep their roosting place clean. It is best to fix roosts under a shed, under trees, or even in the open, and remove their coops after they are feathered out, for Impure air and overcrowding in their roosting quarters always results disas trously. Let the most of their food be given after they outgrow the bread period and now it will do no harm to allow them to eat all they want if they have considerable of a run, for they are naturally great bug-eaters and for agers, so the feed you give will help to make quick growth. Never neglect to provide clean water in clean vessels for them to drink; if you do not they will either drink foul water, or wander off in search of water. Poults will gang together and will follow after any hen that will cluck and not fight them. We had one old chicken hen that we named the "turkey hen," for she raised two gangs cf turkeys each year. Towards fall she would have the whole gang of turks after her. After she had brought her second clutch through babyhood unti we sold them. They would even try to stick their heads under her while on the roost. It is hardly possible to get turks to fatten through the hot weather, but the first frosty nights seem to sharpen their appetites and then they eat greed ily. We feed mature shelled corn for six weeks before sale day, aiming to give all they will eat three times a day. If they seem droopy after babyhood give them a feed of curds made black with peprer and thick with chopped onion tops some morning. This will nearly always straighten out their dumps. If It does not put a quart of good wood ashes In two gallons of wr.er and allow them to drink of it. This often stops disease that greatly resembles cholera, but if they still con tinue droopy quarantine the worst ones and strive by added cleanliness to prevent the well ones becoming droopy. We o ot docto- much, excepting for symptoms ot roup and bowel trouble for we think cleanliness, wholesome food, grit and few lice, or none at all, Eire the best things to have in the way of medicine. The first year we killed several in our ignorance by using coal oil in their roost coops, and by our crowding. We soon discovered it simply will not do to use strong fumes of any sort In their coops, nor to overcrowd, nor to put grease on them. Last summer our neighbor told us she found lice on her poults that morn ing, and that she promptly greased them a little with lard. We te'd her her poults would be most sure to die. and in a few days she said some were already dead, the others had the dumps and finally they did all die that she greased. But what can I do for lice? Use insect powder." It didn't kill them when she had used it. Well, then. It wasn't fresh. Get good, either by tending to headquarters or by buying of a reliable druggist. Emma Clear waters. Red Boca. It strikes the writer of the swine editorials that the breeder of red hogs Is well deserving of a word of not sympathy but praise and encourage ment at our hands. He seems to have little to say for himself but he may here take notice that we shall be glad to have him come to the front and say something in his own behiJf through these columns. We thought of the red hog man last week when visiting upon a large stock farm down In the flat lands of western Indiana where the big ditches hare made It possible to grow good crops of corn and grass instead oi the crop3 of frogs which were at one time the main de pendence of the residents for a living. (They didn't personally eat the froz but got a good price for them in the Chicago Market.) Here we found up on the same farm large herds of both Poland-Chinas and Duroc-Jerseys and both varieties were of good blood and form. It was a char.ee to compare notes as to the difference between the two lots of hogs and we do not intend to tell all that was said -because there was no red hog man there to make a "professional statement" for his friends. But after all what did trans pire was to the credit of the red hog breeder and we rather imagine that ; his P-C rival would take exception ta some of the remarks made on behalf of the warm tinted swine. Our own opinion was that comparing the two breeds the red hogs had the advantage in size of frame and length of bod? bat appeared somewhat coarse and loosely built. Is this a correct estl- mate? Interviewed, the breeder said that what he found to be especially n !avor ot tk red sow Is that she brings forth more nigs than her P-C sister. His annual average shows eight pigs per sow for the red treed against five tor the P-C and he tells us that the red pigs are great hustlers after feea from birth and seem to be less sus ceptible to the ailments of young pigs than are the others. Also as they grow towards maturity they grow heavier than the black pigs and make growth faster on the same amount ot food and at killing time weigh with him 100 pounds more than the mark etable P-C's. Is this correct, Mr. D-J breeder? But then there was an al leged draw back to all of this fine showing. The breeder alleged that the red hog may be the best hog for the farmer but said that the packer does not especially admire him. Why is this, if it is a fact? We presume that it is entirely owing to the large size and heavy weight cf the red hog added to the well known fact that the pack ers are nowadays alter a medium, well fed and finished hog that will cut a good percentage of carcass to live weight. If this is rot the reason then It may be that the P-C bears more lard and that lard is more profitable compared with extra large sides and hams of mixed meat and bacon. It is certainly a great thing in favor of the red hog that the sow is so prolific and that she has an abundant supply of milk for her pigs, but there are a lot of things we want to know from the red hog breeder before we form a "fully matured" estimate of the value of his big breed. Experiments at hand do not furnish much information about Duroc-Jersey swine, in some Ontario experiments made in 1896 two Duroc- Jerseys fed the same way as two P-C hogs (pure bred) made a daily gain of 1.16 lbs. compared with 1.03 lbs. made by the latter. At the close cf the experiment the D-J's weighed 199 lbs. and the P-C's 190 lbs. The former dressed 77.21 per cent dressed carcass, and the latter 77.18 per cent. At the commencement of the experiment the D-J's weighed an average of 62 lbs., and the P-C's an average of 69 lbs. To make a gain of 100 lbs., the D-J's required 580 lbs. of food and the P-C's 507 lbs. of food. In similar experi ments carried out at the Michigan Ex. Station, the P-C's made a daily gain or 1.20 lbs. and the D-J's a daily gain of 1.47 lbs. At start of experiment the P-C's weighed an average of 81 lbs. and the D-J's 89 lbs. At the close of the experiment the P-C's weighed 264 Iks., had used 514 lbs. of food for 100 lbs. of grain and dressed 84.7 per cent. The D-J's weighed at close of experi ment 320 Ids., had used 467 lbs. of food per 100 pounds of grain and dressed 83.2 per cent. - This will give our readers a chance to figure out exactly which is the best hog. It also relieves us of the responsibility of judging in the matter. Poultry Briefs. According to the experimenters at the California station 100 hens weigh ing three pounds each should daily re ceive the following: Dry matter, 16 pounds; protein, 2.52 pounds; fat, 1.2; carbohydrates, 9.9. To get this balance in the circulation the various rations are proposed, any one of which may be used: - - Ration 1. 6 lbs. wheat, 2 lbs. bran, 2 lbs. middlings, 5 lbs. crushed barley, 1 lb. cocoanut oil-cake meal, 4 lbs. al falfa hay, 75 lbs. blood meal. Ration 2. 11 lbs. wheat, 3 lbs. bran. 4 lbs. middlings, 2 lbs. alfalfa hay. 1 lb. meat meal. Ration 3. 1 lb. wheat, 3 lbs. bran. 6 -bs. crushed barley, 6.6 lbs. cocoanut oil-cake meal, 5.5 lbs. alfalfa hay. Ration 4. 7.0 lbs. wheat, 3.5 lbs. bran, 2.0 lbs. alfalfa, 4.5 lbs. crushed barley, 1.0 lb. meat meal. Ration 6. 9 lbs. bran, 5 lbs. mid dlings, 5 lbs. bran, 15 lbs. skim milk. e e The California station has been look ing into the poultry business a good deal and some valuable data have re sulted. Analyzing the egg, they fonnd the following: Shell, 10.81 per cent of the whole; yolk, 32.47 per cent; white, 56.42 per cent. Over 93 per cent of the shell is found to be carbonate of lime; over 4 per cent organic matter and water; less than 1 per cent carbonate of magnesia, and the same amount phosphates. Of the yolk, about half is water; 15 per cent protein and 33 per cent fat. Mineral matters in the yolk lime, magnesia, phosphates total less than 2 per cent. Of the white, about 86 per cent Is water, 12 protein, and fat about one-fifth of one per cent. see It is evident from a brief considera tion of the subject Uiat the powers of digestion of fowls are somewhat dif ferent from (hat of other farm stock. This difference is tn favor of the fowl and is due to the gizzard. This makes it possible for the fowl to pulverize the bony and other hard matter consumed. To what extent this pulverized mate rial is taken into the circulation we do not yet know. One of the latest poultry books says Fowls are as a rmle free from disease and almost all diseases arise from nes lect and mismanagement by the keep er, who overlooks details and estab lishes irregularities which wreck- the hardiest constitution." Vermont experiments with Dairy Cowm. Grooming Cows. Last year and the year previous tests were made at the Vermont Experiment Station to de termine the effect of grooming cows. The results in either case were not very favorable. The published sum mary of results states that a unit of total and of digestible dry matter yielded four per cent less when the cows were groomed than when they were kept uncarded, and that there was practically no difference In the quality of the milk given under the two conditions. The conclusion reached is that grooming should lessen the bacterial content of a cow's milk, but is not likely to add to Its amount or its fat content, see Watering Cows at Will. A test was made to determine the effect of al lowing cows to drink at will as op posed to the practice of watering them at regular Intervals. Four ma ture cows were selected for the test, and the amount of water drank was weighed in each case. The results showed that the cows that drank whenever they wished and In such quantities as they desired, made no more and no better milk than when they drank but twice daily. see Warm vs. Cold Water. The report of the results of an experiment in warming water for dairy cows states that increase in the consumption of water when warmed was universally ' observed. The cold water was drunk more freely in November and May than in the intervening months. At all other times it was drunk much less freely than the warmed water, the increased consumption of water when warmed averaging from 8 to 23 per cent. This increase in consumption, however, resulted in no increase in the milk flow or decrease in its quality. In other words, the cow did not water her milk by increased drinking. see Excessive Amounts of Single Nu trients. Experiments were undertaken to determine the effect of adding to a standard ration excessive amounts of a single nutrient. It was found that an excess of protein (Atlantic gluten flour) had but slight effect on the quantity and none upon the quality of the milk flow. A 10 per cent ex cess of carbohydrates in the form of cane sugar also had but slight effect upon the quantity and none on the quality of the milk flow. The addi tion of a solid fat (palm oil) had a pronounced effect upon the quality of the flow, increasing the total solids 2 per cent and the fat 7 per cent. The increase appeared to be a permanent one. Jn similar trials reported a year ago cottonseed oil was found to in crease the fat content of milk per manently to the extent of .20 to .30 per cent. Emulsified corn and linseed oils depressed the fat percentages. Financial considerations did not enter into these tests, as the protein, carbo hydrates and fats added were so cost ly as to make very expensive rations., see Effect of Large Grain Rations. To determine the effect of large grain rations, four, eight and twelve pounds of different grain rations were fed at different times, with hay and silage. The Tesults from a financial stand point showed that an increase of grain -Tom four pounds to eight, or to twelve pounds, seldom yielded - enough more butter to pay the cost of the extra grain. In practically every case, how-" ever, there was enough . more skim milk and enough better manure made to more than offset the extra expense for grain. When the by-products are considered the profit was each time In favor of the eight-pound ration as compared with the four-pound and generally in favor of the twelve-pound as compared with the eight-pound ra tion. Good and Bad Batten Have yor ever stopped to think that the world is hungry for a fresh, highly Savored creamery butter, and that the demand for the same is greater than the creameries can supply? Have you ever stopped to think that there is not an eater in the land hungry for tht butter you sell at the grocery stortT. Nine of every ten pounds of butter sold at the grocery goes into a barrel and is sold as packing stock for several cents a pound less than the merchant paid for it, and is not offered to the pub lic as butter until it is purified and sells at a higher price than its. maker received. What is wrong with such a system? Give to your creamery every pound of cream you make into this low priced grease, and the increase in price yon will receive will make you smile. Exchange. At last California has taken a step toward a dairy school. The University of California announces that a dairy school will begin at the university Oc tober 9 and continue till December 12V The announcement Is further made that only 30 students will be received the first year. This looks small along side of what some of the eastern states are doing, but probably the California 1 dairymen are thankful for even a start. It has been notorious that np to. this time the great, gold-producing state has been utterly negligent of the edu- catlonal interests of her dairymen.