Newspaper Page Text
l II 11 it r- ? I I II I I 4W- TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. -WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, NOV. 9, 1901. , H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 36. TALMAGE'S SERMON. RIGHTEOUSNESS OF RELIGION LAST. SUNDAY'S SUBJECT. Fn Job XXXVI 1 1 as follows: "Canst Tboa Bind the Most Infloeaoes of the rislsdM" The Mantua; of the Fm Hf Clearly Defined, t Copyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch, N. Y-l Washington, Oct. 27. In this dis course Dr. Talmage demonstrates that we are affected by forces that we sel dom recognize and enlarges upon hu man accountability; the text is 'Job xxxviii, 31, "Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades?" What is the meaning of that question that God put to Job? Have we all our lives been reading it and, are most ot us ignorant of its beauty and power .and practical suggest! veness? A mean ingless passage of Scripture many thought it to be. But the telescopes were busy age after age and astronom ical observations kept on questioning the skies until the meaning of my text comes out lustrously. The Pleiades is a constellation of seven stars appear ing to the naked eye, but scientific in struments reveal more than 400 prop erly belonging to the group. Alcyone is the name of the brightest star ot that group called the Pleiades. A Rus sian astronomer observed that Alcyone is the center of gravitation of bur solar system. Hugh Macmillan says that the sun and its planets wheel around that center at the rate of 422,000 miles a day in an orbit which it will take 19,000,000 years to complete. The Pleiades ap pear in the springtime and are asso ciated with flowers and genial warmth and good weather. The navigation ot the Mediterranean was from May to November the rising and the setting of the Pleiades. The priests of Belus noticed that rising and setting 2,000 years before Christ. Now, the glorious meaning of my text is plain as well as radiant. To give Job the beautiful grace of humil ity God aaked bim, "Canst thou bind the sweet influences of the Pleiades?" Have you any power over the laws of gravitation? Can you modify or change an Influence wielded by a star more than 400,000 miles away? Can you con trol the winds of the springtime? Can you call out the flowers? How little you know compared with omniscience! How little you can do compared with omnipotence! Armed with Interrogations, Called upon, as we all are at times, to defend our holy religion, instead of argument that can always be answered by argument let us try the power of interrogation. We ought to be loaded with at least half a dozen questions, and always ready, and when Chris tianity is assailed and we are told there is nothing in it, and there is no God, and there never was a miracle, and that the Scriptures are unreasonable and cruel, and that there never will be a Judgment day, take out of your port able armory of interrogation some thing like this: What makes the con dition of woman in Christian lands better than in heathen lands? Do you think it would be kind in God to turn the human race into a world without any written revelation to explain and encourage and elevate and save? And if a revelation was made which do you prefer, the Zenda-Vesta of the Persian or the Confucian writings of the Chi nese or the Koran of Mohammed or our Bible? If Christ is not a divine being what did he mean when be said, "Before Abram was I am?" If the Bible is a bad book, where are the evil results of reading it? Did you see any. degrading influence of the book in your father or mother or sister, who used to read it? Do you not think that a judgment day is necessary in order to explain and fix up things that were never explained or fixed up? If our religion is illogical and an imposition upon human credulity, why were Herschel and Washington and Glad stone and William McKinley its ad vocates? How did it happen that our religion furnished the theme, for the greatest poem ever written, "Paradise Lost," and to the painters their great est themes in the "Adoration of the Magi," "The Transfiguration," "The Last Supper." "The Crucifixion." "The Entombment," "The Last Supper," and that all the schools ot painting put forth their utmost genius in pre senting "The Madonna?" Sweet IaaomM front a far. Astronomers can easily locate the Pleiades. They will take you into their observatories on a clear night and aim their revealing instruments toward the part in the heavens where those seven stars have their habitude, and they will point to the constellation Taurus, and you can see for yourself. But it is Impossible to point to influences fai back that have affected our character and will affect our destiny. We know the influences near by paternal, ma ternal, conjugal but by the time we have gone back two generations or at most three our investigations falter and fail. Through the modern Interest ing habit of searching back to find the ancestral tree we may find a loug list of names, but they are only names. The consecration or abandonment of some one 200 years ago was not recorded. J It would not be so important if you and I by our good or bad behavior blessed or blasted only those imme diately around us but our goodness or our badness will reach as far as the strongest ray of Alcyone yea, across the eternities. Under this considera tion what do you think of those who give themselves up to frivolity or Idle ness and throw away fifty years of their existence as though they were shells or pebbles or pods instead of embryo eternities? Sarprlses of the Next World. I suppose one of the greatest sur prises ot the next world will be to see what wide, tar-reaching influence for good or evil we have all exertel. I am speaking of ourselves, who are only ordinary people. But who can fully appreciate the far-reaching good done by men of wealth in Great Britain for the working classes Mr. Lister of Bradford, Edward Akroyd of Halifax. Thomas Sikes of Huddersfleld, Joseph Wentworth and Josiah Mason and Sir Titus Salt? This last great soul, with his vast wealth, provided 756 houses at cheap rent for 6,000 working people and chapel and cricket ground and croquet lawn and concert hall and savings bank where they might depos it some of their earnings and life in surance for those who looked further ahead and bathing houses and parks and museums and lecture halls with philosophical apparatus, the generous example of those men" of a previous generation being copied in many places in Canada and the United States, making life, which would otherwise be prolonged drudgery, an inspiration and a Joy. At Dunfermline, Scotland, is a stone house, the room on the second floor twelve feet by fourteen in size. The annual rent of this room -years ago was $7.50. That was the one room in which the father and mother of Andrew Carnegie lived with the whole family. Influences were started there which made Andrew Carnegie " the most distinguished philanthropist of all time, and what his gifts of great libraries on both sides the sea will do for the coming generations I do not think any angel of God would have enough capacity to calculate. "" Who could bind the sweet influences of that Pleiades? - . Influence of Other Worlds. Notice also in my text the influence of other worlds upon this world. We all regard the effect which our conti nent has upon other cont nen s or one hemisphere upon the other hemi sphere. Great harvest or drought on one side of our world affects the other side of our world. A panic in Wall street. New York, has its echo in Lombard street and the bourse. The nations of the earth cable grammed together all feel the same thrill of delight or shock of woe. But we do not appreciate the influence of other worlds upon our world. The author of my text rouses us to the consideration. It takes all the worlds of known- and unknown astronomy to keep our world In its orbit, every world dependent on ether wo. lis. The stellar existence Is fe't all through the heavens. Every constellation is a sis terhood. Our planet feels the bene diction of Alcyone and ail the other stars of the Pleiades. Tea, there are two other worlds that decide the fate of our world. Its redemption or its de molition. These two worlds are the headquarters of angelology and dam onology. From the one world came Christ, come ministering spirits, come all gracious . influences. From the other world rise all satanic and dia bolic influence. , From that world of moral night rose the power that wrecked our poor world 6,000 years ago. and all the good, work done since then has not been able to get our world out of the breakers. But the signals of distress have been hoisted and the life lines are out, and our world's release is certain. The good influences of the consecrated people in our world will be centupled by the help from the heavenly world, and the divine power will overcome the de moniac. O man, O woman, expand your idea and know the magnitude of a contest in which three worlds are. specially interested. From all the seven worlds which my text calls the Pleiades there come no such powerful influences as from the two worlds that I am now mentioning. My only hope for this world - is in the re- enforcement that is to come from an other world. But - that is' promised, and so I feel as sure of the ratification of all evil as though looking . out of my window today I saw the parks and the gardens flowering into another paradise and the apocalyptic angel flying through the mist of heaven with the news that the kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord. The Wife's XnMnenco. " Not sufficiently do we recognize the sweet influence of the wife. We men are of rougher mold, and our voice is loud, and our manners need to be tamed, and gentleness Is not as much of a characteristic as it ought to be. and we often say things we ought to take back. It is to change this that the good wife comes in. The Interests of the' twain are - optical. That which from outsiders would be considered ! criticism and to be resented becomes kindly suggestion, sweet Influences; that make us better men than we otherwise would have been or could have been. The last chapter of Proverbs recog nizes the good wife's influence when It says, "Her husband is known in the gates when he si.telh among the elders of the land" that is, his apparel indicates that he has some one to look after his wardrobe, and his manners show that he is under refining influ ences at borne. But no one fully ap preciates the sweet influences of the wife until the dark day comes and the slight symptoms become serious and the serious phases of the disorder pass into the fatal and the temperature is 106 and mental ingenuity is exhausted and you are told for your consolation that "while there la life there is hope," which means there is no hope at all,, and the precious life flutters and is gone and you must put out of sight the one who from the day she took the vow amid the orange blossoms under the marriage bell had been to you more than all the world besides. Then you realize as never before what had been the sweet influences. r The World of Reunion. The sweet influences of the heaven ly world, which many wise men thought for a long while was Alcyone, the center of the constellation of the Pleiades, world of our future resi dence, as we hope; world of chorus and illumination, world of reunion. world where we shall be everlastingly complete, world where our old fac ulties will be intenslfiel and quickened and new faculties implanted, world of high association with Christ, through whose grace we got there at all, and apostles and poets Habakkuk and St. John of Patmos and Edward Young, his "Night Thoughts" turned into eternal day, and Horatius Bonar of modern hymnology and Hannah More and Mrs. Hemans and Mrs. Sig ourney, who struck their harps till nations listened, and David, the vic tor over Goliath with what seemed in sufficient weapons, and Joshua of the prolonged day in Glbeon, and Have lock, the evangelist hero, and those thousands of men of the sword who fought on the right side. What com pany to move in! What guests to en tertain! What personages to visit! What choirs to chant! What ban quets with lifted chalices filled with "the new wine of the kingdom!" What victories to celebrate! The stories ot that world and its holy hilarities come in upon our soul sometimes in song, sometimes in ser mon, sometimes in hours of solitary reflection, and they are, to use the words of my text, sweet influences. But there is one star that affects us more with Its sweet influence than the center star, the Alcyone of the Pleiades, and that is what one Bible author calls the Star of Jacob and another Bible author calls the Morning Star. Of all the sweet Influences that have ever touched our earth those that radiate from Christ are the sweetest. Born an Asiatic villager In a mechanic's home, living more among hammers and saws and planes than among books, yet at twelve years of age con founding robed ecclesiastics and start ing out on a mission under which those born without optic nerve took in the clear daylight, and those af flicted with unresponsive tympanum were made to hear, and those almost doubled up with deformities were straightened into graceful poise, and the leprous became rubicund, and the widow's only son exchanged the bier on which he lay lifeless for the arms of his overjoyed mother, and pro nouncing nine benedictions on the Mount of Beatitudes "and doing deeds and speaking words-which are filnng the centuries with sweet influences. Christ started every ambulance, kin dled every electric ray, spread every soft hospital pillow and introduced all the alleviations and pacifications and rescues and mercies of all time. He was the loveliest being who ever trod our earth, more beauty in his eye, more tenderness in his manner, more gentleness in his footstep, more music in his voice, more dignity in his brow, more gracefulness in the locks that rolled upon his shoulders, more com passion In his soul. Official Monro Ins Paper. . All departments of the government are now using mourning stationery, and will continue to use it until the thirty days of mourning for the late president shall have expired. At first only the executive mansion, the state and the treasury departments adopted mourning stationery, but President Roosevelt ordered that all depart ments at the capital should use the same paper. So great were the de mands of the white house, the state and treasury departments for this pa per that the supply in Washington was quickly exhausted and telegraphic orders were sent to other cities. Black bordered paper is used for all com mnnicatlons to the world cu'side of the national capital. Such paper costs a goodly price, and the total expense of this government mark of respect to the la'.e chief wi.l te $20,000. DAIRY AND POULTRY. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL. READERS. Bir Base ess ful Varans Departaseat of Bints as ta the and Poultry. of Un Stack Aataasa Yaedlag When a starving man is taken out of a boat in mldocean he la hungry.- The folk who rescue him have abundance of food and wealth of sympathy, but they have also a proper amount of common sense resulting from experi ence. The hungry man does not pos sess this common sense; he would gorge himself if allowed to do so. The rescuers are kind folk but they seem cruel when out of their abundance they allow him but a meager meaL They know, however, that "full feed ing" would injure the starving man experience has taught them the neces sity and advantages of "going slow." Is not this somewhat akin to circum stances and facts attending the fall feeding of swine? This year there are many hungry hogs. They have fared sparingly for months, but rescuing rains came lately and food has been furnished at the later day when hope had about vanished in many localities. The hog would naturally "hog" him self if allowed to get at all the food his appetite could dispose of. but It would be as unsafe for the hog to gorge himself as for the starved sailor man suddenly surrounded with plenty. And yet there will be lots of this dan gerous "stuffing" with new feed this fall. It is a process of ruining hogs that goes on unchecked every fall. In average years when corn Is plentiful it is followed worse than will be the case this autumn when corn in many districts is somewhat of a luxury. But despite the fact that corn Is scarce there is doubtless some food that the owner of hogs will feel that he can now spare in large quantities to make up tor the lack of food during the dry months when pastures were with ered and other' foods scarce and high priced. - Such food will give by far the best results if it Is fed in small quantities at first and gradually in creased in amount after the swine be come accustomed to It. At the same time the best results are to be had each year when the corn is balanced with other rations to make a complete food for the young hogs. They re quire all the constituents of food that go to form bone and blood and muscle. If they are given all the young corn they can eat the first result will be to set up indigestion and where this takes place the food does not give the desired gain of weight daily. If the corn does not cause Indigestion and the hog commences to assimilate it thoroughly and consequently put on weight fast that is no proof that the corn is doing the work expected of it. It is making lots of fat before the young animal has a frame to carry the weight safely and the result in many cases is that the bones being weak the legs "give" at the ground and the pig walks upon its pastern Joints. If, on the other hand, the hog be gradually accustomed to the abun dant food supply of fall and the corn be mixed with a due proportion of ni trogenous food such - as skim milk, ground middlings, barley, oats, bran, ollmeal or any of the other grain foods and products along with clover hay there will be produced a healthy, nor mally strong and fully developed frame and supply of muscle and blood which will enable the animal to lay on fat later on without sickness or accident. We are fully convinced that while the pig is kept growing from weaning time to winter feeding there need be no ap pearance of fat aoout it. The main thing is to encourage the growth of frame, large digestive organs, fully ex ercised lungs, ample supply of healthy blood and disposition to hustle rather than loaf and sleep. Given this kind of young hog as the result of judicious fall feeding and there is little diffi culty or danger in placing it later upon a full feed of corn and it is this kind of hog that returns the largest return of gain for amount of food con sumed. We must be excused for drum ming this advice into the young be ginners so persistently, but we shall continue to do so until the idea be comes ' generally accepted as correct. Already the results of the discussion of this subject of hog growing and feeding along sensible lines are seen in the general interest taken in the publications of the various agricultural experiment stations regarding swine experiments which a few years ago were apt to be considered needless and un instructive. It has also led to a general inquiry regarding the im provement of brood sows and methods by which litters may be increased and more milk furnished for their nourish ment. Bktaa-mik Calves. A report of the Kansas Experiment Station says: Feeders find that the average skim-milk calf does not make profitable gains in the feed lot and will not buy Mm. Farmers find that t the difference In price between an or dinary skim-milk - calf and one .that has run with the cow is frequently greater than the profits mads from milking; and they drop dairy work. The Kansas- Experiment Station re cently fattened 130 head of calves for Saby beef. These were divided into aine lots one lot of ten bad been raised by hand with skim-milk, and another lot of ten had run with their lams in small pastures until wean ing. Both lots were put In fattening yards at weaning and were fed for seven months on alfalfa hay and corn. The results are as follows: Calves raised with dam gained 435 pounds per head; amount of corn re quired to make 100 pounds gain, 475; amount of alfalfa required to make 100 pounds gain,- 472. Skim-milk' calves gained 440 pounds; amount of corn required to make 100 pounds' gain, 439; amount of alfalfa required for 100 pounds gain. 436 pounds. The skim-milk calves were fed un til weaning on sterilized skim-milk with a grain ration composed of equal parts of corn and Kafir corn, with all the alfalfa hay they would eat. They were fed In this way twenty-two weeks and made an average daily gain of one and a half pounds per calf.' The feed to raise these calves to weaning cost 15.27 per head. As the , results show, they -were In good condition for feeding when weaned and the experiment shows strongly the good feeding qualities of the skim-milk calf and the profits that can be made from it. when the calf is properly handled from birth to weaning and then pushed for- baby beef. The college herd of scrub cows, bought without regard to their value for the dairy, produced in a year, at creamery prices, milk worth $37.75 per cow. The skim-milk .calves which were fattened in this experiment were of mixed -breeding and were selected without regard to their value for the production of baby beef. They brought an average of $40 each when marketed at about a year old. Of Interest to Gaernsey Breeders. The American Guernsey Cattle Club has adopted an "advanced registry for cattle of that breed," with the object of encouraging greater development of the milk capacities in the cows. The secretary sends the Farmers' Re view a statement of the requirements. which are as follows: ... All cows admitted must equal or exceed one of the following records : Years' Milk Record If record is commenced the day the animal Is two years, or previous to that day, she must produce within one year from that date 6.000 lbs of milk. For each day the animal Is over two years old at the beginning, of her year's record the amount of milk she will be re quired to produce in the year will be established by adding 3.65 lbs for ev ery such day to the 6,000 lbs required when two years old. This ratio Is ap plicable until the animal is five years old, when the required amount will have reached 10,000 lbs., which will be the amount of milk required of all cows five years old or over. Years Butter Fat Record If record is commenced the day the animal is two years old, or previous to that day, she must produce within one year from that date 250.5 lbs. butter fat. For each day the animal is over two years old at the beginning of her year's record, the amount of butter fat she will be required to produce in the year will be established by add ing .1 (one-tenth) of a pound for each such day to the 250.5 lbs. required when two years old. This ratio is ap plicable until the animal Is five years old, when the required amount will have reached 360 lbs., which will be the amount of butter fat required of all cows five years or over. Seven Days" Butter Fat Record If record is commenced the day the animal, is two years old, or previous to that day, she must produce within seven days from that date "10 lbs but ter fat. For each day the animal Is over two years old at the beginning of her seven-day record, the amount of butter fat she will be required to produce in the seven days will be established by adding .00456 (456 hundred thousandths) of a pound for each such day to the 10 lbs. required when two years old. This ratio is ap plicable until the animal is five years old. when the required amount will have reached 15 lbs., which will be the amount of butter fat required ot all cows five years or over. The above yearly standards are based upon one complete years rec ord from the time of beginning, re gardless of the time lost by being dry or calving during that period, should such be the case. The per cent of butter fat shall be determined by. the Babcock test. For the purpose of estimating the amount of butter from the amounts of butter fat produced, we recognize the . rule approved by the Association of Agri cultural Colleges and Experiment Sta tions, namely, "add one-sixth to the amount of butter fat." It should be understood,' however, that In all rec ords made for or published in the Advanced Register the amount of butter fat produced will only be given, I . - For further Information, Guernsey breeders should write to the secre tary, W. H. Caldwell, Peterboro, N H. - Dairy Kotos. It is impossible to have clean dairy products without at the same time having clean utensils and appa ratus, with clean rooms and pure air. This is true of the work in the cream ery and the dairy as well as in the farm house. The creamery is better suited to the control ot conditions than the farm house, but in spite of that fact many creameries are not kept clean nor, are the utensils with which the employes work kept clean. Yet with live steam and proper ar rangement of steaming boxes there la no need of allowing dirt to a cumu late, it requires some science to wash utensils properly. Tinware should not be plunged into hot water at first, but should be first rinsed in luke-warm water. After the milk has been rinsed off the vessel may be washed in water as hot as the hands can bear, and soap may be used. After the washing, has been thoroughly done the last rinsing should be in boiling hot water. Then the vessel should be put into the steam tank and thoroughly steamed till all bacterial life has disappeared. As a last touch pvnnuA tha tins to sunlight. It is believed that one of the best ways of cleansing dairy glassware is to soak it in water heated gradually and in which has been dissolved a quantity of alkali. After soaking till the glass is apparently clean rinse it in hot water and allow it to drain. The heat in the glass will dry it. The creamery or dairy building should be washed daily with soap and hot water. Where separators are used the slime should be dally burned up. This will destroy the disease germs that too often exist In it. It has been found that In very many cases the germs of tuberculosis exist in immense quantities In this slime. The germs being quite heavy are thrown by the centrifugal motion into the refuse. If the refuse be simply thrown out of doors the germs become dry and float in the air to be breathed by animals and human beings and perhaps be carried Into the milk and milk products. Burning is preferable to burying in all cases. see-' The following suggestions as to the methods to be used in creameries are the result of experience and will be found useful: Do- not spare the scrubbing brush in cleaning the creamery.- Brushes and soap, though used in considerable quantities, are money well Invested. . . . An old cream ery man says that the refrigerator room should be cleaned and aired once a week. Some of the refrigerator rooms are kept In a foul condition, the manager evidently desiring not to dis turb the continuity of the low temper ature. Even at a low temperature it la nnssibla for dirt to exert a bad in fluence on the products that are ex posed to it. The germs, though latent tor a time, may become active when exposed to a temperature suitable for their development. . . . The skim milk tank should have constant atten tion. The manager of the creamery cannot afford to have it become foul. as sooner or later that foulness will be brought back to the creamery in the milk of the patrons that use their sweet milk cans for the purpose of : taking home the skimmilk. In warm weather, at least, the skimmilk tank should be emptied every day and washed out. and care must be taken to do the work thoroughly. This is one of the greatest sources of bad flavor in butter. .... The cans of the patrons should be also kept in mind and the creamery manager can well afford to have them thoroughly washed and steamed out frequently. How often will depend on conditions and the degree of cleanliness prevalent among the patrons. ' An Illinois breeder of swine says: Having selected the breed, you should use great care in the choice of breed ing animals. Let them be the best specimens and not the culls or those that will not sell. No successful breed er does or can sell his best female ani mals. They are worth more to him than to anyone else, especially If he expects to remain in the business. The best and most profitable animals are those you have raised yourself and whose ancestry you know. T. J- Van Matre: A life-long experi ence and observation have confirmed me in the belief that there is no . . . I A . W I I Drancn ox ui .wta-iusiag conducted with a reasonable amount of Judgment, and persistently staid with one year after another that will do bet ter by the farmer than hog husbandry; provided always- that your farm is adapted to corn and clover, because these are the main essentials in the cheap production of pork. A bushel of corn makes four, and one-half gallons ot spirits, making it cost 13Vs cents at 60 cents a bushel for corn. At 45 cents the spirits cost 10 cents, a difference of 3 cents. There's no lye will wash" out a lie. Sydney, O., boasts the largest poul try plant for raising broilers In the world. One man raises 100.000 a year that fetch from $1 to $1.25 a pair. . Dialect stories were probably Invent ed by a country editor to enable him to dispense with the services of a Drool-reader.