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1 H T WENT V-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, NOV. 16, 1901. H.S.GIVLER, Prop. NUMBER 37. I it I I II I My ill ill i r TALMAGE'S SERMON. THE LAW OF COMPENSATION, SUN DAY'S SUBJECT. Good or Evil Deeds Return to Bless or Blast Oar Lives Achievements of Pomology "It Is He That Sitteth Upon the Circle of the Earth" Is. 4: 28. fCopyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch. N. T. Washington, Nov. 3. In thi3 dis course Dr. Ta Image shows that the good or evil we do returns to bless or blast us; text, Isaiah xl, 22, "It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth." "While yet people thought that the world was fiat and thousands of years before they found out that it was round Isaiah, in my text, intimated- the shape of it, God sitting upon the circle of the earth. The most beautiful figure in all geometry is the circle. God made the universe on the plan of a circle. There are in the natural world straight lines, angles, parallelograms, diagonals, quadrangles, but these evi dently are not God's favorites. Almost everywhere where you find him geo metrizing you find the circle dominant; and if not the circle then the curve, which is a circle that died young. If it had lived long enough, it would have been a full orb, a periphery. An ellipse 1s a circle pressed only a little too hard at the sides. Giant's Causeway, in Ireland, shows what God thinks of mathematics. There are over 35,000 columns of rocks oc tagonal, hexagonal, pentagonal. These rocks seem to have been made by rule and compass. . Every artist has his molding room, where he may make 50 shapes, but he chooses one shape as preferable to all others. I will not say that the Giant's Causeway was the world's molding room, but I do say out of a great many figures God seems to have selected the circle as the best. "It is he that sitteth on the circle of the earth." The stars In a circle, the moon in a circle, the sun In a circle, the uni verse in a circle and the throne of God the center of that circle. The Achievements of Pomolorr. Pomology will go on with its achieve ments until after many centuries the world will have plums and pears equal to the paradisaical. The art of garden ing will grow for centuries, and after the Downings and Mitchells of the world have done their best in the far future the art of gardening will come up to the arborescence of the year 1. If the makers of colored' glass go on im proving they may in some centuries be able to make something equal to the east window of "York minster, which was built in the year 1290. We are six centuries behind these artists, but the world must keep on toiling until it shall make the complete circuit and come up to the skill of these very men. If the world continues to improve in masonry, we shall have after awhile, perhaps after the advance of centuries, mortar equal to that which I saw in the wall of an exhumed English city built in the time of the Romans, 1,600 years ago, that mortar today as good as the day in which it was made, hav ing outlasted the brick and stone. I say after hundreds of years masonry may advance to that point. If the world stands long enough, we may have a city as large as they made in old times Babylon, five times the size of London. You go into the pot teries of England, and you find them making cups and vases after the style of the cups and vases exhumed from Pompeii. The world is not going back. Oh, no! But it is swinging in a cir cle and will come around to the styles of pottery known so long ago as the days of Pompeii. The world must keep on progressing until It makes the complete circuit. The curve is in the right direction; the eurve will keep on until it becomes the circle. Well, now, what is true in the mate rial universe is true in God's moral government and spiritual arrangement. That is the meaning of Ezekiel's wheeL All commentators agree in saying that the wheel means God's providence. But a wheel is of no use unless it turns, and if it turn if. turns around, and if It turns around it moves in a circle. What then? ; Are we parts of a great Iron machine whirled around whether we will or not, the victims of inexor able fate? No! So far from that I shall show you that we ourselves start the circle of good or bad actions, and thai it will surely come around again to us unless by divine intervention it be hindered. Those bad or good ac tions may make the circuit of many years, but come back to us they will as certainly as that God sits on the circle of the earth. The Circle of Centnrlss. But It Is sometimes the case that this circle sweeps through a century or through many centurias. The world started, with a theocracy for govern ment that is, God was the president and emperor of the world. People got tired of a theocracy. They said: "Wa don't want God . directly interfering with the affairs of the world. Give us a monarchy. - The world had a mon arcny." From a monarchy Jt is going to have a limited monarchy. After while the limited monarchy will be given up. and the republican form of government will be everywhere domi nant and recognized. Then the world will get tired of the republican form of government, and it will have an an archy, which is no government at all. And then all nations, finding out that man Is not capable of righteously gov erning man, will cry out again for the ocracy and say, "Let God come back and conduct the affairs of the world, every step monarchy, limited mon archy, republicanism, anarchy only different steps between the first theoc racy and the last theocracy or seg ments of the great circle of the earth on which God sits. But do not become Impatient because you cannot see the curve of events and therefore conclude that God's govern ment is going to break down. History tells us that in the making of the pyra mids it took 2,000 men two years to drag one great stone from the quarry and put it into the pyramids. If men short lived can afford to work so slow ly as that, cannot God in the building of eternities afford to wait What though God should take 10,000 years to draw a circle? Shall we take our little watch, which we have to wind up every night lest it run down, and hold it up beside the clock of eter nal ages? If; according to the Bible, a thousand years are in God's sight as one day, then, according to that calcu lation,, the 6,000 years of the world's existence has been only to God as from Monday to Saturday. The Circle of Good Deeds. One day a man comes to you and says, "Good morning." You look at him and say: "Why, you have the ad vantage of me. I cannot place you." He says, "Don't you remember thirty years ago giving a letter of introduc tion to a young man a letter of. in troduction to William E. Dodge?" "Yes, yes; I do." He says, "I am the man." That was my first step toward a fortune, but I have retired from business now and am giving my time to philanthropies and public Interests. Come up to my house and see me." Or a man comes to you and says: I want to introduce myself to you. I went into a prayer meeting some years ago. I sat back by the door. You arose to make an exhortation. That talk changed the comse cf my lif ?, and if I ever get to heaven under God I will owe my salvation to you." In only ten. twenty or thirty years the circle swept out and swept back again to your own grateful heart. But sometimes it is a wider circle and does not return for a great while. I saw a bill of expenses for burning Latimer and Ridley. The bill of ex penses has these items among others: Shillings. Pence. One load of fire fagots 3 4 Cartage for four loads of wood 2 Item, a post 1 4 Item, two chains 3 4 Item, two staples . 6 .Item, four laborers .... ; 2 . 8 making in all 25s. 8d. That was cheap fire, considering all the circumstances, but It kindled a light which shone all around the world and aroused the martyr spirit, and out from that burn ing of Latimer and Ridley rolled the circle wider and wider, starting other circles, convoluting, overrunning, cir cumscribing, overarching, all heaven, a circle. The Echo of Fast Misdeeds. You maltreat' an aged parent. You begrudge him the room in your house. You are impatient of his whimsicali ties and garrulity. It makes you mad to hear him tell the same story twice. You give him food he cannot masti cate. You wish he was away. You wonder if he is going to live forever. He will be gone very soon. His steps, are shorter and shorter. He is going to stop. .But God has an account to settle with you on that subject After awhile your eye will be dim, and your gait will-- halt, and the sound of the grinding will be low, and you will tell the same story twice, and your child ren will wonder if you will never be taken away. They called you "father" once; now , they call . you the "old man." If you live a few years longer they will call you the "old chap." What are those rough words with which your children are accosting you? They are the echo of the - very words you used in the ear of your old father forty years ago. What is that you are trying to chew, but find it un masticable, and your jaws ache, and you surrender the attempt? Perhaps it may be the gristle which you gave to your father for his breakfast forty years ago. A gentleman passing along the avenue saw a son dragging his father into the street by the hair of the head. The gentleman, outraged at this bru tal conduct, was about to punish the offender, when the old man arose and said: "Don't hurt him. It's all right. Forty years ago this morning I dragged out my father by the hair of his head." It is a circle. Other sins may be adjourned to the next world. That circle is made quickly, very quickly. - Oh, what a stupendous thought that' the good and the evil we start come back to us! - Do you know that the judgment day will be only the points at which the circles join, the good and the bad we have done com ing back to ns unless divine interven. tion hinder coming back to ns with welcome of delight or curse of con demnation? Oh, I would like to see Paul, ' the Invalid missionary, at the moment when his influence comes to full orb, his influence rolling out through AtF tioch, through Cyprus, through Lystra, through Corinth, through Athens, through Asia, - through Europe, through America, through the first century, . through five centuries, through twenty , centuries, through earth, through heaven, and at last the wave of influence, having made 'full circuit, strikes his soul. Oh, then I would like to see him! No one can tell the wide sweep of the circle of Paul's influence save the one who is seated on the circle of the earth. I should not like to see the counte nance of Voltaire when his influence comes to full orb. When the fatal hemorrhage seized him at eighty-three years of age, his influence did not cease. The most brilliant man of his century, he had used all his faculties for assaulting Christianity, his bad in fluence widening through France, widening out through Germany, wid ening through all Europe, wid ening through America, widen ing through the 123 years that have gone since he died, widening through the earth, widening through the great future, until at last the accumulated influence of his baleful teachings and dissolute life will beat against his dis mayed spirit, and at that moment it will be enough to make the black hair of eternal darkness turn white with horror. No one can tell how that bad man's influence girdled the earth save the one who is seated on the circle of the earth, the Lord Almighty. God'l Omnipotent Mercy. "Well, now," say some, "this In some respects is a very glad theory and in others a very bad one. . We would like to have the good we have ever done come back to us, but the thought that all the sins we have ever committed will come back to us, fills us with affright." My brother, I have to tell you God can break that circle and will do so at your call; I can bring twenty passages of Scripture to prove that when God for Christ's sake forgives a man the sins of his past life never come back. The wheel may roll on and on, but you take your position behind the cross, and the wheel strikes the cross and is shatter ed forever. The sins fly off from the circle and fall at right angles with complete oblivion. Forgiven! For given! The meanest thing a man can do is. after some difficulty has been settled, to bring it up again, and God will not do anything like that. God's memory is mighty enough to hold all the events of the ages, but there is one thing that is sure to slip his memory, one thing he is sure to forget, and that is pardoned transgressions. How do I know It? I will prove it. "Their sins and their iniquities I will remember no more." "Blessed Is he whose trans gression is forgiven." But every circumference must have a center, and what is the center of this heavenly circumference? Christ his all the glory, his all the praise, his all the crowns, all heaven wreathed into a garland round about him. Take off the imperial sandal from his foot and behold the scar of the spike. Lift the coronet of dominion from his brow and see where was the laceration of the briers. Come closer, all heaven. Narrow the circle around his great heart, O Christ, the Savior, O Christ, the man, O Christ, the God, keep thy throne forever, seated on the circle of the earth, seated on the circle of heaven! On Christ, -the solid rock, r stand: All other ground is shifting sand. Highest of Waterfalls. The highest waterfall in the world, geography tells ns, is the Cerosola cascade in the Alps, having a. fall of 2,400" feet; that of Arvey, in Savoy, is 1,100 feet, and the falls of Yosemite valley range from 700 to 1,000 feet. But higher yet Is the waterfall in the San Cuayatan canon. In the state of Du rango, Mexico. . It was discovered by some prospectors, ten years ago, in the great barranca district which is ca'led the Tlerras Disconocldas." While searching for the famous lost mine, Naranjal. a great roar of water was heard. With great difficulty the par ty pushed on, and up and down the mighty chasms until they beheld the superb fall that is at least 3,000 feet high. Land of Sunshine. Lithographic Stone Is Plentiful. A deposit of lithographic stone ha, been found near Mt Sterling, Ky.. which- Eugene Leary. of the United States Geological Survey, believes to be more valuable than any . gold mine. "There Is no reason," says Mr. Leary, "why the quarry should not control the market in this country. There Is no lithographic stone anywhere else, so far as is known, and there will be no difficulty In competing with the German product. , , The first factory for the manufacture of cotton sewing thread was located m Fawtucket In 1794. DAIRY AND POULTRY. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. How Successful Farmers Operate This Department of . the . Farm A Few Hints as to the Care of Lin Stock and. Poultry. MFlshlness la Batter. The New Zealand Dairyman reports that at a lecture delivered on the 15th of May at the eighth annual conference of the Australian Butter and Cheese Factory Managers' Association, held at Melbourne, Mr. Thomas Cherry, M. D., M. S., lecturer in bacteriology, Melbourne University, said: ."I may say a word or two about one special defect in butter which has attracted a great deal of attention during the past two or three years, namely, "flsh lness" This peculiar flavor Is due to a chemical substance called "trimeth ylamine," which was first isolated from herring brine, and which gives the brine its peculiar flavor. During the last ten or twelve years tri methylamine has been extracted in small quantities from many kinds of putrlfylng substances, and it Is how known to be a product of the growth of at least a score of different micro organisms. It can be produced by sowing a pure culture of these, just in the same way as a pure culture of the lactic acid bacteria produces the agreeable aroma of good butter. The primary cause of fishiness is therefore the accidental invasion of the butter by an organism capable of setting up this change. Among such organisms there are several bacteria which are found in dirty water, and others whose natural home seems to be sea water. But these bacteria are not able to manufacture trimethylamine from pure butter-fat and milk sugar. The material from which they pro duce it is the butter-milk or curd; that is to say. It is a product of the putre faction of proteid substances. Further; some of these organisms grow very slowly, and at comparatively low tem peratures; and finally, the addition of an extra amount of salt seems to fa vor their development. - The-. experiments which are being conducted at the University Labora tory are not yet complete enough for a full report to be given, but I think sufficient information has been ob tained to justify the above conclu sions. If so, it is evident that fish iness is not a simple matter to be cured by any single remedy. On the contrary, it may originate at any stage in the process of manufacture. The organism may find its way into the milk on the farm and be carried over into the cream, and thence to the butter, or It may come from the water used to wash the butter, or even possibly from the salt American Butter and Cheese Abroad. A. R. Eastman of Waterville, New York, says that his experience with dairy products in England shows that very little American butter is to be found there. The amount of Amer ican cheese there Is also small. , He stated at a meeting in New York that he had inquired the reason for this and had been told that the dealers had not sufficient , confidence In Amer ican goods. This is due to the vast amount of fraud that has been prac ticed, and contrasts strongly with the methods followed by the Canadians, who make goods that will stand the test. He charges that the Americans work for the greatest possible immedV iate profit. That his charges are part ly U-ue we must admit, but there is a point that modifies the situation con siderably. He says that he finds lit tle butter or cheese on the English market. This is partly explained by the fact that dealers in all kinds of goods resort to the trick of false branding. Though the sale in Eng land of American cheese has fallen off considerably from what it was a few years ago, we still sell a good deal of that product to the English peo ple. If it does not appear as Amer ican cheese on the English markets It does appear Tinder some other brand. Just now the Canadians have quite a reputation for their cheese and a good deal of the best quaity of American cheese is "doubtless sold as Canadian, while the poorest Canadian cheese Is branded American. We know the trick Is worked with Amer ican meats and see no reason why it should not be used in the sale of dairy product. Americans should work for a better reputation abroad, and that reputation can be gained only by sending to foreign countries goods fully up to the requirements. ... tta. Supply for Pomltry. A bulletin of the California Experi ment Station says: One of the best . materials that a poultryman can use for supplying the requisite lime Is oyster shell, or any other variety of sheila. An experi ment In this direction was made, at the New York Experiment Station, and the result was such that the use of oyster shells during the laying season, where they can be cheaply obtained, was strongly recommended. It was found there that one pound of oyster shells contained sufficient lime for th shells of about seven dozen eggs. Shells are not the only source for the lime necessary for egg shells. Bones also contain a large percentage of lime, as Is seen from the following analysis of clean dry bones of oxen and sheep: Percent. Carbonate of lime........ .... 6 to . 7 Phosphate of lime .58 to 63 Phosphate of magnesia.. . lto 2 Fluoride of calcium.. 2 Organic matter 25 to 30 Fresh green bones also contain, be sides the lime" compounds, some pro tein or flesh-formers, which add to its value as a poultry food. The "best way to render the bones available is to have them broken by means of the bone cutter. One pound of the green bones is generally considered sufficient for sixteen hens. Besides the cut bones of oyster shells, the hens must have a generous supply of some kind of grit, very coarse sand or broken crockery. The grit serves -as teeth for the hens, and when they are un able to obtain it indigestion .and other ailments are sure to follow. - Poultry Briefs. Some farmers that are interested In breeding up poultry make the mistake of trying to do so with common fowls. By using fowls ,of known breeding and fixed type they could progress much faster, as they would have behind them the generations of work of other men. If they continue to work with the common fowls they will be merely duplicating the work already done by others. The prices for pure bred birds and for mongrels are not far apart, which difference, if it were large, would be the only excuse for choosing the common fowls for a basis on which to work. As the best of the pure bred birds may be purchased for a few dollars, it is waste time working along other than established lines. There Is an abundance of room for im provement even with the fixed breeds, for there are as yet in all the breeds birds of very Indifferent merit. e This has been a very dry fall In much of the West, and has, therefore, been favorable to the work of repair ing the poultry houses, which we doubt not has been quite largely done. If, for any reason, any houses have been neglected they should be looked after at once. A few repairs now will save frosted combs - this winter. ' Drafts should be prevented by stopping up all the cracks. In the cold, damp nights that are frequent in the fall and spring birds catch colds that open a way for the development of roup germs, and thus losses from this dis ease occur. The International Tutve Stock Exposi tion. The latter part of November and the early part of December will bring large numbers of people to Chicago to attend the International Live Stock Exposi tion. It scored such a. success last year that the managers feel justified In making preparations on a magnificent scale for the coming exposition. Rail road managers have granted special rates, which in themselves will be special inducements to visit Chi cago at that time. Those who plan to attend the exposition- should make their applications , to their railroad agents, so that if , not properly informed the information can be secured direct from the Interna tional Live Stock Exposition Company, whose address is Union Stock Yards, Chicago. - v During the exposition week (Novem ber 30 to December 7) this year the National Live Stock Association will hold its annual convention in the city of Chicago at Studebaker Hall, and some of the brightest live-stock minds of the two continents will be present and address the delegates and visitors; thus the first week of December affords a feast for the student of live-stock husbandry. The : International Live Stock Exposition is entirely co-operative; it is not gotten up as a money maker in any sense, but rather as a tribute to the live-stock men, and to aid them In their efforts to improve the general character of our live stock. . " " ' Fowl Cholera Germ. Dr. N. W. Sanborn says: The cause of fowl cholera Is a minute germ which, under the microscope, presents either a clrcnlar or oval outline. . It is one of the bacteria, and has been called by some a micrococcus, and by others a bacillus. It Is about one-fifty thousandth of an inch broad, and two or three times as long. It grows best at from 85. degrees to 125 degrees F. It has no power of movement, does not form spores, and is easily des troyed by drying, by the ordinary dis infectants, and toy a temperature of 132 degrees F. for 15 minutes. After securing the best cow possible, and having fed her in the best and most economical manner known, the next step is to take proper care of the milk. The value of milk t pends large ly on the care it receives, as wej as tht amount of fat which it contains. The double or triple skirt looks de cidedly' smart on slight figures. TblSfS to RamoBku The aim should be to pnJuce ton 150 to 200 pound pigs at six to seven months old for the greatest profit, says the Jersey Hustler. . Keep on friendly terms with your herd, culti vate quiet dispositions. Have the hoga so that you can handle them with ease, Quietness and patience will aid In do lug this. As soon as your hogs art ready, sell them, you have no furthei profitable use for them on the farm. The man who keeps his bogs after they are ready to go expecting to get more per pound will be very apt to loss money; while the one who sells when the hogs are ready, generally hits it Every farmer has to accommodate himself to his environments, so far as food is concerned. It is his endeavoi to use that which he can produce best It, therefore, requires every farmer to rely in a measure upon himself. He must think over his business, and decide-after careful thought which are his best methods to pursue. Give the hogs a large range of pasture. When we say pasture we do not mean a large lot that hogs have run In for years containing not a spear of grass, but a nice grassy pasture. Think of yoursell sitting down to a table without any thing on It to eat and you being, ex pected to make a square meal. And again, the hogs need exercise, sun shine and corn mixed with the grass, just the same as we enjoy and require a variety of food. The man with the good stuff and who is not overstocked, reaps the greatest reward, while the one who is overstocked, of course, underfeeds and fails to get out of his business what he should. A breeder who will accom plish anything by permitting his ani mals to lose in growth, has the expense and no work done. The fault with the "young breeder is in keeping more stock than he can properly care for. There should be no difficulty in seeing which is the right road to pur sue. Exerclslnc Horses. An English army officer, writing on the care of horses, Bays: Regularity of exercise is an impor tant element in the development of the highest powers of tbe horse.- - The horse in regular work will suffer less in his legs than another, for he be comes gradually and thoroughly ac customed to what is required of him. The whole living machine accommo dates itself to the regular demands on it, the body becomes active and well conditioned without superfluous fat, and the muscles and tendons gradually develop. Horses in regular work are also nearly exempt from the many ac cidents which arise from over-freshness. As a proof of the value of reg ular exercise we need only refer to the stage-coach horses of former days. Many of these animals, though by no means of the best physical .frame, would trot with a heavy load behind them for eight hours at the rate of ten miles an hour without turning a hair, and this work they would con tinue to do for years without ever be ing sick or sorry. Few gentlemen can say as much for their carriage horses. No horses, in fact, were in harder con dition. On the other hand, if exercise be neglected, even for a few days in a horse in high condition, he will put on fat. He has been making daily the large amount of material needed to sustain the consumption caused by his work. If that work cease suddenly. Nature will, notwithstanding, continue to supply the new material; and fat, followed by plethora and frequently by disease, will be the speedy conse quence. Wa.tes of the Hen. The mineral matter of the food eat en is not entirely assimilated by the body. And the composition of hen manure, given below, proves that this Is likewise true of the nutrients. . composition op" Hen manure. Water 56.00 Organic matter 25.50 Nitrogen 1-60 Phosphoric acid ..... 1.75 Potash 85 Lime 2.25 Magnesia ............ -75 Insoluble residue, etc. 11.30 Total .... .....100.00 The unassimilated fat and carbo-hydrates are included In the "organic matter," and the undigested portion the "nitrogen." - i - -, -'- : a CtUlslns- Cow Peas. A poultryman reports that, an acre of cow' peas was left uncut near his poultry yard, and during the , winter his hens attended to the harvesting of the peas. He was surprised to receive almost double the usual amount of eggs during that season, and asked if the peas had anything to do with it Cow peas are rich In protein, therefore should assist In forming eggs. The exercise in securing the peas is an other factor which recommends this practice to the poultryman in search of winter eggs. It would be a good plan to give cow peas a trial. Golden Egg. " : - . : - Ostrich . feathers are an article ol Import from the Argentine republic to this country.