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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, November 16, 1901, Image 1

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T WENT V-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, NOV. 16, 1901. H.S.GIVLER, Prop. NUMBER 37.
I it I I II I
ill ill i r
Good or Evil Deeds Return to Bless
or Blast Oar Lives Achievements of
Pomology "It Is He That Sitteth Upon
the Circle of the Earth" Is. 4: 28.
fCopyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch. N. T.
Washington, Nov. 3. In thi3 dis
course Dr. Ta Image shows that the
good or evil we do returns to bless or
blast us; text, Isaiah xl, 22, "It is
he that sitteth upon the circle of the
"While yet people thought that the
world was fiat and thousands of years
before they found out that it was round
Isaiah, in my text, intimated- the shape
of it, God sitting upon the circle of the
earth. The most beautiful figure in all
geometry is the circle. God made the
universe on the plan of a circle.
There are in the natural world
straight lines, angles, parallelograms,
diagonals, quadrangles, but these evi
dently are not God's favorites. Almost
everywhere where you find him geo
metrizing you find the circle dominant;
and if not the circle then the curve,
which is a circle that died young. If
it had lived long enough, it would have
been a full orb, a periphery. An ellipse
1s a circle pressed only a little too hard
at the sides.
Giant's Causeway, in Ireland, shows
what God thinks of mathematics. There
are over 35,000 columns of rocks oc
tagonal, hexagonal, pentagonal. These
rocks seem to have been made by rule
and compass. . Every artist has his
molding room, where he may make 50
shapes, but he chooses one shape as
preferable to all others. I will not say
that the Giant's Causeway was the
world's molding room, but I do say out
of a great many figures God seems to
have selected the circle as the best. "It
is he that sitteth on the circle of the
earth." The stars In a circle, the moon
in a circle, the sun In a circle, the uni
verse in a circle and the throne of God
the center of that circle.
The Achievements of Pomolorr.
Pomology will go on with its achieve
ments until after many centuries the
world will have plums and pears equal
to the paradisaical. The art of garden
ing will grow for centuries, and after
the Downings and Mitchells of the
world have done their best in the far
future the art of gardening will come
up to the arborescence of the year 1. If
the makers of colored' glass go on im
proving they may in some centuries be
able to make something equal to the
east window of "York minster, which
was built in the year 1290. We are six
centuries behind these artists, but the
world must keep on toiling until it
shall make the complete circuit and
come up to the skill of these very
If the world continues to improve in
masonry, we shall have after awhile,
perhaps after the advance of centuries,
mortar equal to that which I saw in
the wall of an exhumed English city
built in the time of the Romans, 1,600
years ago, that mortar today as good
as the day in which it was made, hav
ing outlasted the brick and stone. I
say after hundreds of years masonry
may advance to that point.
If the world stands long enough, we
may have a city as large as they made
in old times Babylon, five times the
size of London. You go into the pot
teries of England, and you find them
making cups and vases after the style
of the cups and vases exhumed from
Pompeii. The world is not going back.
Oh, no! But it is swinging in a cir
cle and will come around to the styles
of pottery known so long ago as the
days of Pompeii. The world must
keep on progressing until It makes
the complete circuit. The curve is in
the right direction; the eurve will keep
on until it becomes the circle.
Well, now, what is true in the mate
rial universe is true in God's moral
government and spiritual arrangement.
That is the meaning of Ezekiel's wheeL
All commentators agree in saying that
the wheel means God's providence. But
a wheel is of no use unless it turns,
and if it turn if. turns around, and if
It turns around it moves in a circle.
What then? ; Are we parts of a great
Iron machine whirled around whether
we will or not, the victims of inexor
able fate? No! So far from that I
shall show you that we ourselves start
the circle of good or bad actions, and
thai it will surely come around again
to us unless by divine intervention it
be hindered. Those bad or good ac
tions may make the circuit of many
years, but come back to us they will
as certainly as that God sits on the
circle of the earth.
The Circle of Centnrlss.
But It Is sometimes the case that
this circle sweeps through a century
or through many centurias. The world
started, with a theocracy for govern
ment that is, God was the president
and emperor of the world. People got
tired of a theocracy. They said: "Wa
don't want God . directly interfering
with the affairs of the world. Give us
a monarchy. - The world had a mon
arcny." From a monarchy Jt is going
to have a limited monarchy. After
while the limited monarchy will be
given up. and the republican form of
government will be everywhere domi
nant and recognized. Then the world
will get tired of the republican form of
government, and it will have an an
archy, which is no government at all.
And then all nations, finding out that
man Is not capable of righteously gov
erning man, will cry out again for the
ocracy and say, "Let God come back
and conduct the affairs of the world,
every step monarchy, limited mon
archy, republicanism, anarchy only
different steps between the first theoc
racy and the last theocracy or seg
ments of the great circle of the earth
on which God sits.
But do not become Impatient because
you cannot see the curve of events and
therefore conclude that God's govern
ment is going to break down. History
tells us that in the making of the pyra
mids it took 2,000 men two years to
drag one great stone from the quarry
and put it into the pyramids. If men
short lived can afford to work so slow
ly as that, cannot God in the building
of eternities afford to wait
What though God should take 10,000
years to draw a circle? Shall we take
our little watch, which we have to
wind up every night lest it run down,
and hold it up beside the clock of eter
nal ages? If; according to the Bible,
a thousand years are in God's sight as
one day, then, according to that calcu
lation,, the 6,000 years of the world's
existence has been only to God as
from Monday to Saturday.
The Circle of Good Deeds.
One day a man comes to you and
says, "Good morning." You look at
him and say: "Why, you have the ad
vantage of me. I cannot place you."
He says, "Don't you remember thirty
years ago giving a letter of introduc
tion to a young man a letter of. in
troduction to William E. Dodge?"
"Yes, yes; I do." He says, "I am the
man." That was my first step toward
a fortune, but I have retired from
business now and am giving my time
to philanthropies and public Interests.
Come up to my house and see me."
Or a man comes to you and says: I
want to introduce myself to you. I
went into a prayer meeting some years
ago. I sat back by the door. You
arose to make an exhortation. That
talk changed the comse cf my lif ?, and
if I ever get to heaven under God I
will owe my salvation to you." In
only ten. twenty or thirty years the
circle swept out and swept back again
to your own grateful heart.
But sometimes it is a wider circle
and does not return for a great while.
I saw a bill of expenses for burning
Latimer and Ridley. The bill of ex
penses has these items among others:
Shillings. Pence.
One load of fire fagots 3 4
Cartage for four loads of
wood 2
Item, a post 1 4
Item, two chains 3 4
Item, two staples . 6
.Item, four laborers .... ; 2 . 8
making in all 25s. 8d. That was cheap
fire, considering all the circumstances,
but It kindled a light which shone all
around the world and aroused the
martyr spirit, and out from that burn
ing of Latimer and Ridley rolled the
circle wider and wider, starting other
circles, convoluting, overrunning, cir
cumscribing, overarching, all heaven,
a circle.
The Echo of Fast Misdeeds.
You maltreat' an aged parent. You
begrudge him the room in your house.
You are impatient of his whimsicali
ties and garrulity. It makes you mad
to hear him tell the same story twice.
You give him food he cannot masti
cate. You wish he was away. You
wonder if he is going to live forever.
He will be gone very soon. His steps,
are shorter and shorter. He is going
to stop. .But God has an account to
settle with you on that subject After
awhile your eye will be dim, and your
gait will-- halt, and the sound of the
grinding will be low, and you will tell
the same story twice, and your child
ren will wonder if you will never be
taken away. They called you "father"
once; now , they call . you the "old
man." If you live a few years longer
they will call you the "old chap."
What are those rough words with
which your children are accosting
you? They are the echo of the - very
words you used in the ear of your old
father forty years ago. What is that
you are trying to chew, but find it un
masticable, and your jaws ache, and
you surrender the attempt? Perhaps
it may be the gristle which you gave
to your father for his breakfast forty
years ago.
A gentleman passing along the
avenue saw a son dragging his father
into the street by the hair of the head.
The gentleman, outraged at this bru
tal conduct, was about to punish the
offender, when the old man arose and
said: "Don't hurt him. It's all right.
Forty years ago this morning I
dragged out my father by the hair of
his head." It is a circle. Other sins
may be adjourned to the next world.
That circle is made quickly, very
quickly. - Oh, what a stupendous
thought that' the good and the evil we
start come back to us! - Do you know
that the judgment day will be only the
points at which the circles join, the
good and the bad we have done com
ing back to ns unless divine interven.
tion hinder coming back to ns with
welcome of delight or curse of con
demnation? Oh, I would like to see Paul, ' the
Invalid missionary, at the moment
when his influence comes to full orb,
his influence rolling out through AtF
tioch, through Cyprus, through Lystra,
through Corinth, through Athens,
through Asia, - through Europe,
through America, through the first
century, . through five centuries,
through twenty , centuries, through
earth, through heaven, and at last the
wave of influence, having made 'full
circuit, strikes his soul. Oh, then I
would like to see him! No one can
tell the wide sweep of the circle of
Paul's influence save the one who is
seated on the circle of the earth.
I should not like to see the counte
nance of Voltaire when his influence
comes to full orb. When the fatal
hemorrhage seized him at eighty-three
years of age, his influence did not
cease. The most brilliant man of his
century, he had used all his faculties
for assaulting Christianity, his bad in
fluence widening through France,
widening out through Germany, wid
ening through all Europe, wid
ening through America, widen
ing through the 123 years that have
gone since he died, widening through
the earth, widening through the great
future, until at last the accumulated
influence of his baleful teachings and
dissolute life will beat against his dis
mayed spirit, and at that moment it
will be enough to make the black hair
of eternal darkness turn white with
horror. No one can tell how that bad
man's influence girdled the earth save
the one who is seated on the circle of
the earth, the Lord Almighty.
God'l Omnipotent Mercy.
"Well, now," say some, "this In
some respects is a very glad theory
and in others a very bad one. . We
would like to have the good we have
ever done come back to us, but the
thought that all the sins we have ever
committed will come back to us, fills
us with affright." My brother, I have
to tell you God can break that circle
and will do so at your call; I can
bring twenty passages of Scripture to
prove that when God for Christ's sake
forgives a man the sins of his past
life never come back. The wheel may
roll on and on, but you take your
position behind the cross, and the
wheel strikes the cross and is shatter
ed forever. The sins fly off from the
circle and fall at right angles with
complete oblivion. Forgiven! For
given! The meanest thing a man can
do is. after some difficulty has been
settled, to bring it up again, and God
will not do anything like that. God's
memory is mighty enough to hold all
the events of the ages, but there is one
thing that is sure to slip his memory,
one thing he is sure to forget, and that
is pardoned transgressions. How do I
know It? I will prove it. "Their sins
and their iniquities I will remember
no more." "Blessed Is he whose trans
gression is forgiven."
But every circumference must have
a center, and what is the center of this
heavenly circumference? Christ his
all the glory, his all the praise, his all
the crowns, all heaven wreathed into
a garland round about him. Take off
the imperial sandal from his foot and
behold the scar of the spike. Lift the
coronet of dominion from his brow
and see where was the laceration of
the briers. Come closer, all heaven.
Narrow the circle around his great
heart, O Christ, the Savior, O Christ,
the man, O Christ, the God, keep thy
throne forever, seated on the circle of
the earth, seated on the circle of
On Christ, -the solid rock, r stand:
All other ground is shifting sand.
Highest of Waterfalls.
The highest waterfall in the world,
geography tells ns, is the Cerosola
cascade in the Alps, having a. fall of
2,400" feet; that of Arvey, in Savoy, is
1,100 feet, and the falls of Yosemite
valley range from 700 to 1,000 feet. But
higher yet Is the waterfall in the San
Cuayatan canon. In the state of Du
rango, Mexico. . It was discovered by
some prospectors, ten years ago, in
the great barranca district which is
ca'led the Tlerras Disconocldas." While
searching for the famous lost mine,
Naranjal. a great roar of water was
heard. With great difficulty the par
ty pushed on, and up and down the
mighty chasms until they beheld the
superb fall that is at least 3,000 feet
high. Land of Sunshine.
Lithographic Stone Is Plentiful.
A deposit of lithographic stone ha,
been found near Mt Sterling, Ky..
which- Eugene Leary. of the United
States Geological Survey, believes to be
more valuable than any . gold mine.
"There Is no reason," says Mr. Leary,
"why the quarry should not control
the market in this country. There Is
no lithographic stone anywhere else,
so far as is known, and there will be
no difficulty In competing with the
German product. , ,
The first factory for the manufacture
of cotton sewing thread was located m
Fawtucket In 1794.
How Successful Farmers Operate This
Department of . the . Farm A Few
Hints as to the Care of Lin Stock
and. Poultry.
MFlshlness la Batter.
The New Zealand Dairyman reports
that at a lecture delivered on the 15th
of May at the eighth annual conference
of the Australian Butter and Cheese
Factory Managers' Association, held
at Melbourne, Mr. Thomas Cherry,
M. D., M. S., lecturer in bacteriology,
Melbourne University, said: ."I may
say a word or two about one special
defect in butter which has attracted
a great deal of attention during the
past two or three years, namely, "flsh
lness" This peculiar flavor Is due to
a chemical substance called "trimeth
ylamine," which was first isolated
from herring brine, and which gives
the brine its peculiar flavor. During
the last ten or twelve years tri
methylamine has been extracted in
small quantities from many kinds of
putrlfylng substances, and it Is how
known to be a product of the growth
of at least a score of different micro
organisms. It can be produced by
sowing a pure culture of these, just in
the same way as a pure culture of the
lactic acid bacteria produces the
agreeable aroma of good butter. The
primary cause of fishiness is therefore
the accidental invasion of the butter
by an organism capable of setting up
this change. Among such organisms
there are several bacteria which are
found in dirty water, and others
whose natural home seems to be sea
water. But these bacteria are not
able to manufacture trimethylamine
from pure butter-fat and milk sugar.
The material from which they pro
duce it is the butter-milk or curd; that
is to say. It is a product of the putre
faction of proteid substances. Further;
some of these organisms grow very
slowly, and at comparatively low tem
peratures; and finally, the addition of
an extra amount of salt seems to fa
vor their development. -
The-. experiments which are being
conducted at the University Labora
tory are not yet complete enough for
a full report to be given, but I think
sufficient information has been ob
tained to justify the above conclu
sions. If so, it is evident that fish
iness is not a simple matter to be
cured by any single remedy. On the
contrary, it may originate at any
stage in the process of manufacture.
The organism may find its way into
the milk on the farm and be carried
over into the cream, and thence to
the butter, or It may come from the
water used to wash the butter, or even
possibly from the salt
American Butter and Cheese Abroad.
A. R. Eastman of Waterville, New
York, says that his experience with
dairy products in England shows that
very little American butter is to be
found there. The amount of Amer
ican cheese there Is also small. , He
stated at a meeting in New York that
he had inquired the reason for this
and had been told that the dealers
had not sufficient , confidence In Amer
ican goods. This is due to the vast
amount of fraud that has been prac
ticed, and contrasts strongly with the
methods followed by the Canadians,
who make goods that will stand the
test. He charges that the Americans
work for the greatest possible immedV
iate profit. That his charges are part
ly U-ue we must admit, but there is a
point that modifies the situation con
siderably. He says that he finds lit
tle butter or cheese on the English
market. This is partly explained by
the fact that dealers in all kinds of
goods resort to the trick of false
branding. Though the sale in Eng
land of American cheese has fallen off
considerably from what it was a few
years ago, we still sell a good deal
of that product to the English peo
ple. If it does not appear as Amer
ican cheese on the English markets
It does appear Tinder some other
brand. Just now the Canadians have
quite a reputation for their cheese
and a good deal of the best quaity of
American cheese is "doubtless sold as
Canadian, while the poorest Canadian
cheese Is branded American. We
know the trick Is worked with Amer
ican meats and see no reason why it
should not be used in the sale of dairy
product. Americans should work for
a better reputation abroad, and that
reputation can be gained only by
sending to foreign countries goods
fully up to the requirements.
... tta. Supply for Pomltry.
A bulletin of the California Experi
ment Station says:
One of the best . materials that a
poultryman can use for supplying the
requisite lime Is oyster shell, or any
other variety of sheila. An experi
ment In this direction was made, at
the New York Experiment Station, and
the result was such that the use of
oyster shells during the laying season,
where they can be cheaply obtained,
was strongly recommended. It was
found there that one pound of oyster
shells contained sufficient lime for th
shells of about seven dozen eggs.
Shells are not the only source for
the lime necessary for egg shells.
Bones also contain a large percentage
of lime, as Is seen from the following
analysis of clean dry bones of oxen
and sheep:
Carbonate of lime........ .... 6 to . 7
Phosphate of lime .58 to 63
Phosphate of magnesia.. . lto 2
Fluoride of calcium.. 2
Organic matter 25 to 30
Fresh green bones also contain, be
sides the lime" compounds, some pro
tein or flesh-formers, which add to its
value as a poultry food. The "best
way to render the bones available is to
have them broken by means of the
bone cutter. One pound of the green
bones is generally considered sufficient
for sixteen hens. Besides the cut
bones of oyster shells, the hens must
have a generous supply of some kind
of grit, very coarse sand or broken
crockery. The grit serves -as teeth
for the hens, and when they are un
able to obtain it indigestion .and other
ailments are sure to follow. -
Poultry Briefs.
Some farmers that are interested In
breeding up poultry make the mistake
of trying to do so with common fowls.
By using fowls ,of known breeding and
fixed type they could progress much
faster, as they would have behind
them the generations of work of other
men. If they continue to work with
the common fowls they will be merely
duplicating the work already done by
others. The prices for pure bred birds
and for mongrels are not far apart,
which difference, if it were large,
would be the only excuse for choosing
the common fowls for a basis on which
to work. As the best of the pure
bred birds may be purchased for a
few dollars, it is waste time working
along other than established lines.
There Is an abundance of room for im
provement even with the fixed breeds,
for there are as yet in all the breeds
birds of very Indifferent merit.
This has been a very dry fall In
much of the West, and has, therefore,
been favorable to the work of repair
ing the poultry houses, which we doubt
not has been quite largely done. If, for
any reason, any houses have been
neglected they should be looked after
at once. A few repairs now will save
frosted combs - this winter. ' Drafts
should be prevented by stopping up
all the cracks. In the cold, damp
nights that are frequent in the fall
and spring birds catch colds that open
a way for the development of roup
germs, and thus losses from this dis
ease occur.
The International Tutve Stock Exposi
tion. The latter part of November and the
early part of December will bring large
numbers of people to Chicago to attend
the International Live Stock Exposi
tion. It scored such a. success last year
that the managers feel justified In
making preparations on a magnificent
scale for the coming exposition. Rail
road managers have granted special
rates, which in themselves will be
special inducements to visit Chi
cago at that time. Those who
plan to attend the exposition- should
make their applications , to their
railroad agents, so that if , not
properly informed the information can
be secured direct from the Interna
tional Live Stock Exposition Company,
whose address is Union Stock Yards,
Chicago. - v
During the exposition week (Novem
ber 30 to December 7) this year the
National Live Stock Association will
hold its annual convention in the city
of Chicago at Studebaker Hall, and
some of the brightest live-stock minds
of the two continents will be present
and address the delegates and visitors;
thus the first week of December affords
a feast for the student of live-stock
husbandry. The : International Live
Stock Exposition is entirely co-operative;
it is not gotten up as a money
maker in any sense, but rather as a
tribute to the live-stock men, and to
aid them In their efforts to improve
the general character of our live stock.
. " " '
Fowl Cholera Germ.
Dr. N. W. Sanborn says: The cause
of fowl cholera Is a minute germ
which, under the microscope, presents
either a clrcnlar or oval outline. . It
is one of the bacteria, and has been
called by some a micrococcus, and by
others a bacillus. It Is about one-fifty
thousandth of an inch broad, and two
or three times as long. It grows best
at from 85. degrees to 125 degrees F.
It has no power of movement, does
not form spores, and is easily des
troyed by drying, by the ordinary dis
infectants, and toy a temperature of
132 degrees F. for 15 minutes.
After securing the best cow possible,
and having fed her in the best and
most economical manner known, the
next step is to take proper care of the
milk. The value of milk t pends large
ly on the care it receives, as wej as
tht amount of fat which it contains.
The double or triple skirt looks de
cidedly' smart on slight figures.
TblSfS to RamoBku
The aim should be to pnJuce ton
150 to 200 pound pigs at six to seven
months old for the greatest profit,
says the Jersey Hustler. . Keep on
friendly terms with your herd, culti
vate quiet dispositions. Have the hoga
so that you can handle them with ease,
Quietness and patience will aid In do
lug this. As soon as your hogs art
ready, sell them, you have no furthei
profitable use for them on the farm.
The man who keeps his bogs after they
are ready to go expecting to get more
per pound will be very apt to loss
money; while the one who sells when
the hogs are ready, generally hits it
Every farmer has to accommodate
himself to his environments, so far as
food is concerned. It is his endeavoi
to use that which he can produce best
It, therefore, requires every farmer
to rely in a measure upon himself. He
must think over his business, and decide-after
careful thought which are
his best methods to pursue. Give the
hogs a large range of pasture. When
we say pasture we do not mean a large
lot that hogs have run In for years
containing not a spear of grass, but a
nice grassy pasture. Think of yoursell
sitting down to a table without any
thing on It to eat and you being, ex
pected to make a square meal. And
again, the hogs need exercise, sun
shine and corn mixed with the grass,
just the same as we enjoy and require
a variety of food.
The man with the good stuff and
who is not overstocked, reaps the
greatest reward, while the one who is
overstocked, of course, underfeeds and
fails to get out of his business what
he should. A breeder who will accom
plish anything by permitting his ani
mals to lose in growth, has the
expense and no work done. The fault
with the "young breeder is in keeping
more stock than he can properly care
for. There should be no difficulty in
seeing which is the right road to pur
sue. Exerclslnc Horses.
An English army officer, writing on
the care of horses, Bays:
Regularity of exercise is an impor
tant element in the development of the
highest powers of tbe horse.- - The
horse in regular work will suffer less
in his legs than another, for he be
comes gradually and thoroughly ac
customed to what is required of him.
The whole living machine accommo
dates itself to the regular demands on
it, the body becomes active and well
conditioned without superfluous fat,
and the muscles and tendons gradually
develop. Horses in regular work are
also nearly exempt from the many ac
cidents which arise from over-freshness.
As a proof of the value of reg
ular exercise we need only refer to the
stage-coach horses of former days.
Many of these animals, though by no
means of the best physical .frame,
would trot with a heavy load behind
them for eight hours at the rate of
ten miles an hour without turning a
hair, and this work they would con
tinue to do for years without ever be
ing sick or sorry. Few gentlemen can
say as much for their carriage horses.
No horses, in fact, were in harder con
dition. On the other hand, if exercise
be neglected, even for a few days in a
horse in high condition, he will put on
fat. He has been making daily the
large amount of material needed to
sustain the consumption caused by his
work. If that work cease suddenly.
Nature will, notwithstanding, continue
to supply the new material; and fat,
followed by plethora and frequently
by disease, will be the speedy conse
quence. Wa.tes of the Hen.
The mineral matter of the food eat
en is not entirely assimilated by the
body. And the composition of hen
manure, given below, proves that this
Is likewise true of the nutrients. .
composition op" Hen manure.
Water 56.00
Organic matter 25.50
Nitrogen 1-60
Phosphoric acid ..... 1.75
Potash 85
Lime 2.25
Magnesia ............ -75
Insoluble residue, etc. 11.30
Total .... .....100.00
The unassimilated fat and carbo-hydrates
are included In the "organic
matter," and the undigested portion
the "nitrogen." - i -
-, -'- : a CtUlslns- Cow Peas.
A poultryman reports that, an acre
of cow' peas was left uncut near his
poultry yard, and during the , winter
his hens attended to the harvesting of
the peas. He was surprised to receive
almost double the usual amount of
eggs during that season, and asked if
the peas had anything to do with it
Cow peas are rich In protein, therefore
should assist In forming eggs. The
exercise in securing the peas is an
other factor which recommends this
practice to the poultryman in search
of winter eggs. It would be a good
plan to give cow peas a trial. Golden
Egg. " : - . : -
Ostrich . feathers are an article ol
Import from the Argentine republic
to this country.

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