PRESIDENT NOT DISPOSED TO RUSH
Pra.tleal Details and Results ta Ii
Carefully Considered Heforw Any of
the Kihod Treaties Are Beutnltted
to ttie Senate for Ratification.
Free Trade and other newspapers
which so glibly misinterpret the - late
president's attitude with regard to for
eign trade extension, and who so con
fidently count upon President Roose
velt to make good their misinterpreta
tion, would do well to pattern after the
intelligent reasonableness of the fol
lowing statement by the Washington
correspondent of the New York Times:
"There will be no precipitate action
by the president on the subject of reci
procity. The agitation on this subject
in some of the newspapers, with asser
tions bolstered up by quotations from
Mr. Roosevelt's public assurances,
whether intended to help the cause of
reciprocity or to prejudice it, has no
warrant further than that intended in
the promise of the president to adhere
to the policies cf McKIn'ey. The sub
ject is a large and corr p'ica ed one, an 3
not even Mr. McKinley, after years of
experience, was prepared t3 say just
what the details of a reciprocity treaty
with a foreign country should be. A
reciprocity policy cannct be defined in
any but the most general teims by the
executive, and with the legislative
branch must rest the task of providing
It is well and truly said that the sub
ject of rec'procity 13 "a la:ge and com
plicated one" so large and so compli
cated that not even President McKin
ley, with his wealth of practical
knowledge In- tariff matttrs, cou'.d or
did claim to have mastered it. Unlike
that rather numerous brood of quick
thinkers who imagine they have solved
the intricate problem after having
given it a cursory glance, and who
don't trouble themselves about the
working details, Mr McKin'.ey consid
ered it to be hi3 duty to go into the
reciprocity question deeply and thor
oughly. He had previously turned the
matter over to hands and head3 which
he supposed were competent, only to
find out that they were bunglers and
botchers. So, in the last few months
of his life he had devoted himself
studiously to the examination of reci
procity, alike on general principles
and in detailed workings. The result
of his painstaking investigation was
the Buffalo speech, in which he de
clared for the enlargement of our for
eign trade through a scheme of re
ciprocal! concessions such as should,
not curtail domestic production. In
his judgment, reciprocity that should
increase the imports of articles "which
we ourselves produce" was not reci
procity at all; it was free trade in dis
guise. It was this deep seated conviction
which animated the statement by
President McKinley to a close and con
fidential friend, in Washington, on the
afternoon of June 6, 1901, to the effect
that he (the president) favored only
that plan of reciprocity sanctioned by
the Republican national platform of
1900 namely, reciprocity "in articles
which we do not ourselves produce,"
and that he was opposed to any schema
of trade extension that would take
from a single American workman his
job. There is precisely where William
McKinley stood at the end of the first
week in June, at a time when the quick
thinkers had him all thought out as
ready to abandon protection, and that
is where he stood when at Buffalo in
the first week of September he made
his last great speech.
Hence, we say, the over-night theo
rists would do well to think again once
or twice before they attribute to the
dead president and to his successor in
office views and purposes regarding
reciprocity not entertained by either
Mr. McKinley or Mr. Roosevelt. The
policy of McKinley is to be continued
absolutely unbroken by Roosevelt! The
country has this pledge recorded, as it
were, over McKinley's coffin. Of Its
conscientious fulfillment by-President
- Roosevelt there is no possible doubt.
There will be, as the Times - Wash
ington correspondent states, "no pre
cipitate action by the president on the
subject of reciprocity." That Is, the
foolish treat3 negot'ated by Commis
sioner Kasson will not again be laid
before the senate for rati Scat' on. Other
treaties there may be. but, if so, they
will be treaties framed in accord with
the spirit of American prosperity and
progress, and not free trade folly un
der the mask of so-called reciprocity.
WAGES AND LIVING.
Foreign Work People Cannot Lira More
Cheaply Than Americans.
The old stock argument of the free
traders used to be when, in spite of
their squirming, thsy were brought
face to face with tha fact that wages
were higher in " this country than
abroad, that, although wages were
higher, the cost of living was higher,
too, and that, therefore, workmen in
this country were at no advantage, and
that free trade, while it would lower
wages, would at the same time lower
the cost of living. This argument has
fallen somewhat Into "innocuous
deseutude" of late, yet occasionally it
stalks abroad, like Benquo's ghost. It
is interesting, therefore, to note that
Mr. Jacob Wellmann. a prominent silk
dyer of Paterson, N. J., states that
while the wages of the workmen em
ployed In h's mill at Paterson are from
two to four times as large as the wages
paid to similar labor in Switzerland,
which is Mr. Weidmann's native coun
try, the cost of living is less. In Swit
zerland a good silk dyer Sa paid $4
weak; in this country the poorest dyen
get $9 per week.. The best dyers "in
Switzerland are paid from 15 to ?8 pei
week, while in this country the best
dyers earn from $15 to $30 per week.
These are actual figures, given by a
man who knows.. There is no guess
wo:k about them, n ither 13 there anj
guesswork about Mr. Weidmann'i
statement concerning the comparative
cost of living, for, as he states, som
of the men employed in his mills who
have come to this country from
abroad have kept records, and have
found that they can live more cheaply
in this country. When free trade is
forced to meet facts it always gets the
worst of things.
GERMANY'S TARIFF EXPERIMENT.
A high German official said to the
correspondent of the Associated Press
in Berlin that "foreign newspapers
need not get excited over the new tar
iff," the text of which has just been
published, "since nothing has been de
cided; the bill is only a basis for dis
cussion." It has been eminently suc
cessful in provoking discussion at an;
rate. In this country the press com
ment has been temperate enough the
verdict being that the tariff seems dis
advantageous to tne interests of indus
trial Germany. But in Russia and Aus
tria, against which the new tarifi
operates more severely than against the
United States, strong resentment is
shown by all newspapers. It will be
remembered that a few weeks ago
there was talk of a great European
combination against the United States.
The first aggressive movement made
by Germany hits her neighbors harder
than it does America and furnishes an
instructive commentary on the futility
of the suggestion of a European anti
American Zollverein. Buffalo Commercial.
A VERY BAD CHILD.
- K'A u.. 40
A QUESTION OF " SUGAR."
The consumption, of sugar last yeat
in the United States averaged about
57 pounds for each inhabitant, which
at 5 cents a pound would cost $3.42
apiece, or $16.10 for a family of five
persons. If the duty were removed and
the Sugar Trust allowed tne people to
get the benefit thereof the saving would
be $1.14 for each person, or $5.70 for a
family of five, for a whola year. There
is neither certainty nor probability that
the saving would be as great as that,
but there is almost a certainty that
whatever reduction should be allowed
would be made for the purpose of
breaking down the domestic beet su
gar industry, which is now the source
ol wages and income to 1,600,000 per
sons. Would the saving secured by remov
ing the duty on raw sugar pay for en
dangering the life of so important an
American industry and one which in a
few years promises to supply all the
sugar needed and at lower prices than
ever before known? What intelligent
man would consent to be bribed with
$5.70 to bring about a possible disaster
to so useful and beneficial a business?
Mischief for Idle Bands.
When men or women have plenty of
serious work to do they don't potter
with trifles. It Is the idle who make
mountains of molehills. If the Demo
cratic party had any great or true aim
for the real good of the country it
would not bother itself and harass the
voters over such a petty and utterly
useless issue as the repeal of duties
which, it claims, are outgrown and
therefore inoperative. Its patron saint
for such enterprises is Don Quixote.
The party can' only make itself re
spectable by tackling the main ques
tion and fighting protection squarely
on its merits. In doing so It may ex
pose its blindness to a thousand obvi
ous facts and its obtuseness to sound
reason, but it does thereby escape contempt.
The German Tariff.
All the commercial barriers that
could be raised against other lands
would not enable Germany to raise all
her breadstuffs. During the year end
ing June 30, 1899, Germany imported
from the United States 290,710.196
pounds of hog products alone, much
greater than we sold to any other na
tion except- the United Kingdom. It is
a safe assumption,- therefore, that the
tariff law that is now before the fed
eral council and which will be passed
for the agrarians is not the same
schedule of impost duties that will go
go into effect on January 1, 1904. Chi
Producers mild' C
Like other 'ttieorists 'free traders
have ever tried to separate producers
and consumers Into distinct classes,
with contrary interests. How futile!
In our day and country the producers
are the consumers and the more they
produce the more they consume.
There IS more Catarrn in win section of tne
country than all other diseases put together,
and until the last few years was supposed to be
incurable. For a great many yearn doctors pro
nounced it a lecal disease, and prescribed local
remedies, and by constantly failing to cure
with local treatment, pronounced it incurable.
Science has proven catarrh to be a constitu
tional disease, and therefore requires consti
tutional treatment.- Hair Catarrh Cure, man
ufactured by F. J. Cheney A Co.. Toledo. Ohio,
is the only constitutional cure on the market.
It is taken internallv in doses from lO drops to
a teaspoonfuL It acts directly upon tne blood
and mucous surfaces of the system. They offer
one hundred dollars for any case it fails toeure.
Send for circulars and testimonials. Aanre
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by DrufTKists, 75c
Hall's Family Pills am the best.
When American meets Greek
chances are he can't read it.
DO IOCS ClOTHES. LOOK TEUOWI
- Then use Defiance Starch. It will keep
them white 16 oa. for 10 cents.
U afflicted with
- ears eyes, am
I Thompson's Eye Wator
- AT TOU STSnOM.
Other rises eosauy low.
BUY OF THE MAKER
Jones (Ha Pays tbs Frets.)
BowBAasoa, N. Y.
No charge for examf
nsUou nd opinion
on MtentabflitT of
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book. etc. free. R. H. A. B LAGJCX.
Fasten. Attorneys, Washington IX C
tew a NUhi SI T. I rfPe. Q. 1
Phelps Browv's Gceet Reaedy for 1
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UE PAY S05-JS
FOR MEN WITH RIGS
To introduce our POULTRY MIXTURE in the country; straight salary; year's
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jtT-.-tJ--. .-W.-i-Jk.--i I Jl k. .m C
MH' y'':' repetition c
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UNION MADE m'
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Cannot bo Equals, at Any Pnce.
r Mmr taaa m Ommttrr mfm Out tw
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irotni ior w aavvu skh mrasn
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j-JMr--i , sub atiru w mi ii
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Seueiaa. Brockton, SCaaa.
handsome "rccDr0)r DROPSY,SSE
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B, Atlaata. tta.
TAQS. to TACS.
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2 Gmhcu Twist Tabs being equal to one of others mentioned. .
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