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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, November 23, 1901, Image 1

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TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KBENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, NOV. 23, 1901. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 38.
TALMAGE'S SERMON.
MAN VERSUS EVIL THE SUBJEOT
LAST SUNDAY.
From Fronrta XXIII: 35, as follows!
"When Shall I Awake T I Will Seek
It Yet Again" The Return of the
Prodigal Surmounting Obstacles.
fCopyright, 1901. by Louis Klopsch, N. T.l
Washington, Nov. 10. In this dis
course Dr. Talmage depicts the strag
gle of a man who desires liberation
from the enthrallment of evil and
shows how he may be set free; text.
Proverbs xxiii, 35: "When shall I
awake? I will seek it yet again."
With an insight into human nature
such as no other man ever had Solo
mon in these words is sketching the
mental processes of a man who has
stepped aside from the path of recti
tude and would like to return. "Wish
ing for something better he says:
"When shall I awake? When shall I
get over this horrible nightmare of
iniquity?" But seized upon by un
eradicated appetite and pushed down
hill by his passions, he cries out: "I
will seek it yet again. I will try it once
more!"
-About a mile from Princeton, N. J.,
there is a skating pond. One winter
day, when the ice. was very thin, a
farmer living near by warned the
young men of the danger of skating at
that time. They all took the warning
except one young man. He, in the
spirit of bravado, said, "Boys, one
round more." He struck out on his
skates, the ice broke, and his lifeless
body ; was brought up. And in all
matters of temptation and allurement
it is not a prolongation that is propos
ed, but only just one more indulgence,
just one more sin. Then comes .the
. fatality. Alas, for the one round
more! "I will seek It yet again."
Our libraries are adorned with ele
gant literature addressed to young
men pointing out to them all the dan
gers and perils of life complete maps
of the voyage of life the shoals, the
rocks, the quicksands. But suppose a
young man is already shipwrecked,
suppose he is already off the track,
suppose he has already" gone astray,
how can he get back? That is a
question that remains unanswered,
and amid alltiie books of the libraries
I find not one word on that subject. To
that class of persons I this day address
myself.
Surmounting Obstacles.
So far as God may help me I propose
to show what are the obstacles to your
return and then how you are to sur
mount those obstacles. The first diffi
culty in the way of your return is the
force of moral gravitation. Just as
there is a natural law which brings
down to earth anything you throw into
the air, so there is a corresponding
moral gravitation. I never shall for
get a prayer I heard a young man
make in the Young Men's Christian
Association of New York. With trem
hling voice and streaming eyes he
said: "O God, thou knowest how easy
it is for me to do wrong and how hard
it is for me to do right! God help
me!" - That man knows not his own
heart who has never felt the power of
moral gravitation.
In your boyhood you had good asso
ciates and bad associates. Which
most impressed you? During the last
few years you have heard pure anec
dotes and impure anecdotes. Which
the easiest stuck to your memory?
You have had good habits and bad
habits. To which did your soul more
easily yield? But that moral gravita
. tion may be resisted. Just as you may
pick up anything from the earth and
hold it in your hand toward heaven,
just so, by the power of God's grace, a
fallen soul may be lifted toward peace,
toward pardon, toward salvation. The
force of moral gravitation is in every
one of us, but also power in God's
grace to overcome that force.
Slavery to Habit.
A physician tells his patient that he
must quit the use of tobacco, as it is
destroying his health. The man re
plies, "I can stop that habit easy
enough." He quits the use of the
weed. He goes around not knowing
what to do with himself. He cannot
add up a column of figures; he cannot
sleep nights. It seems as if the world
had turned upside down. He feels his
business is going to ruin. Where he
was kind and obliging he is scolding
and fretful. The composure that char
acterized him has given way to a
fretful restlessness, and he has become
a complete fidget. What power is it
that has rolled a wave of woe over the
earth and shaken a portent in the
. heavens? . He has quit tobacco. After
awhile he says: "I am going to do as
I please. The doctor does not under
stand my case. I am going back to
my old habits." And-, he , returns.
Everything assumes its usual com-
' posure. His business seems to bright
en. The world becomes an attractive
place to- live in. His children, seeing
the difference, hall the return of their
father's genial disposition. What
wave of color has dashed blue into the
sky. and greenness into the mountain
foliage, and the glow of sapphire into
the sunset? What enchantment has
lifted a world of beauty and Joy on his
soul? He has resumed tobacco.
The fact is, we all know in our own
experience that habit is a taskmaster.
As long as we obey it It does not chas
tise us; but let us resist, and we find
that we are lashed with scorpion
whips and bound with ship cable and
thrown into the track of. bone break- '
ing Juggernauts. " J
The Prodigal's Return.
The prodigal, wishing to get Into
good society, enters a prayer meeting.
Some good man without much sense
greets him by saying: "Why, are you ;
here? You are about the last person
that I expected to see .in a prayer
meeting. Well, the dying thief was
saved, and there is hope for you." You
do not know anything about this un
less you have learned that when a
man tries to return from evil courses
of conduct he runs against repulsions
innumerable.
We say of some man, "He lives a
block or two from the church, or half
a mile from the church. . In all our
great cities there are men who are
5,000 miles from church vast deserts
of indifference between them and the
house of God. The fact is we must
keep our respectability though thou
sands perish. Christ sat with publi
cans and sinners, but if there come to
the house of God a man with marks
of dissipation upon him people are al
most sure to put up their hand3 in
horror, as much as to say, "Is it not
shocking?"
How these dainty, fastidious Christ
ians in all our churches are going to
get into heaven I do not know, unless
they have an especial train of cars
cushioned and upholstered, each one a
car to himself. They cannot go with
the great herd of publicans and sin
ners. Oh, ye who curl your lip of
scorn on the fallen! I tell you plainly
that if you had been surrounded by
the same influences instead of sitting
today among the cultured, and the re
fined, and the Christian, you might
have been a crouching wretch in a
stable or ditch covered with filth and
abomination. It Is not because we are
naturally any better, but because the
mercy of God has protected us. Those
that are brought up In Christian cir
cles and watched by Christian parent
age should not be so hard on the
fallen. " - "
First Get Ashore. .
Why, it reminds me of a man
drowning in the sea, and a lifeboat
puts out for him, and the man in the
boat says to the man in the water,
"Now, if I get you ashore, are you
going to live in my street?" First get
him ashore and then talk to him about
the nonessentials of religion. Who
cares what church he joins if he only
joins Christ and starts for heaven?
Oh, you, my brother of illumined face
and a hearty grip for every one that
tries to turn from his evil way, take
hold of the same hymnbook with him,
though his dissipation shake the book.
remembering that he that "converteth
a sinner from the error of his ways
shall save a soul from death and hide
a multitude of sins."
Now, I have shown you these ob
stacles because I want you to under
stand I know all the difficulties in the
way. But I am now going to tell you
how Hannibal may scale the Alps and
how the shackles may be unriveted
and how the paths of virtue forsaken
may be regained. First of all, throw
yourself on God. Go to him frankly
and earnestly and tell him thesa habits
you have and ask him, if there is any
help in all the resources of omnipo--
tent love, to give it to you. Do not go
on with a long rigmarole, which some
people call prayer, made up of ohs and
ahs and forever and forever amens! Go
to God and cry for help.
Healing; Balm for Wounds.
I remember that while living In Phil
adelphia, at -the time I spoke of a
minute ago, the Master Street hospital
was opened, and a telegram ' was re
ceived, saying: "There will be 300
wounded men tonight. ' Please take
care of them." From my church there
went out twenty or thirty men and
women. As the poor wounded men
were brought in no one asked of them
from what state they came or what
was their parentage. There was a
wounded soldier, and the only question
was how to take off the rags most
gently and put on the cool bandage
and administer the cordial. And when
a soul comes to God he does not ask
where you came from or what your
ancestry was. Healing balm for all
your wounds; pardon for all your
guilt; comfort for all your troubles!
Then, also, I counsel you, if you want
to get back, quit all your bad asso
ciates. One unholy intimacy will fill
your soul with moral distemper. - In
all the ages of the church there has not
been an instance where a man kept
one evil associate and was reformed
among the 1.600.000,000 of the race, not
one instance. Give up your bad com
panions or give up heaven. It is not
ten bad companions -that destroy a
man nor five bad companions nor three
but OBfc-
What chance is there for the young
man I saw aiong the street, four or
five young men with him, in front of a
grogshop, urging him to go in. he re
sisting, violently resisting, until after
awhile uiey forced him to go tn? " It
was a summer night, and the door was
left open, and I saw the process. They
held him fast, and they put the cup to
his lips, and they forced down - the
strong drink. What chance is there
for such a young man?
Surrendering; , to God.
Some of you, like myself, were born
in the country. And what glorious
news might these young men send
home to their parents that this after
noon they had surrendered themselves
to God and started a new life! I know
how It is in the country. The night
comes on. The cattle stand under the
rack, through which burst the trusses
of hay. The horses have just frisked
up from the meadow brook at the
nightfall and stand knee deep in the
bright straw that invites them to lie
down and rest. The perch of the
hovel is full of -fowl, their feet warm
under their feathers. When the nights
get cold, the flames clap their hands
above the great back log and shake the
shadow of the group up and down the
wall. Father and mother sit there for
half an hour saying nothing. I wonder
what they are thinking of? After
awhile the father breaks the silence
and says, -'Well, I wonder where our
boy Is in town tonight?" And the
mother answers: "In no bad place, I
warrant you. We always could trust
him when he was at home, and since
he has been away there have been so
many prayers offered for him we can
trust him stilL" Then at 8 or 9 o'clock
just before they retire, for they go
early to bed, they kneel down and
commend you to that God who watches
in country and in town, on the land
and on the sea.
Some one said to a Grecian general,
"What was the proudest moment of
your life?" He thought a moment and
said, "The proudest moment was when
I sent word home to ray parents that I
had gained the victory." And the glad
dest and most brilliant moment in
your life will be the moment when you
can send word to your parents that
you have conquered the evil habits by
the grace of God and become eternal
victor.
Honor to Parents.
God pity the young man who ha
brought disgrace on his father's name!
God pity the young man who has
broken hi3 mother's heart! Better that
he had never been born. Better if in
the first hour of his life, instead of be
ing laid against the warm bosom of
maternal tenderness, he had been cof
fined and sepulchered. There is no
balm powerful enough to heal the heart
of one who has brought parents to a
sorrowful grave and who wanders
about through the dismal cemetery
rending the air and wringing the hands
and crying, "Mother, mother!" Oh,
that today, by all the memories of the
past and by all the hopes of the future,
you would yield your heart to God!
May your father's God and your moth
er's God be ypur God forever!
This hour the door of mercy swings
wide open. Hesitate not a moment. In
many a case hesitation is the loss of
all. At the corner of a street I saw a
tragedy. A young man evidently
doubted as to which direction he had
better take. His hat was lifted high
enough so you could see he had an
intelligent forehead. He had a stout
chest and a robust development. Splen
did young man! Cultured young man!
Honored young man! Why did he
stop there while so many were going
up and down? The fact is that every
young man has a good angel and a bad
angel contending for the mastery of
his spirit, and there was a good angel
and a bad angel struggling with that
young man's soul at the corner of the
street. - "Come with me," said the good
angel. "I will take you home. I will
spread my wings over your pillow. I
will lovingly escort you all through
life under supernatural protection. I
will bless every cup you drink out of,
every couch you rest on, every door
way you enter. - I will consecrate your
tears when yon weep, your sweat when
you toil, and at the last I will - hand
over your grave Into the hand of the
bright angel of a Christian resurrec
tion. I have been sent of the Lord to
be your guardian spirit. Come with
me." said the good angel In a voice of
unearthly symphony. It was music like
that which drops from a lute of heaven
when a seraph breathes on it.
"Oh, no," said the bad angel. "Come
with me. I have something better to
offer. .The wines I pour are from chal
ices of bewitching carousal. The dance
I lead is over floors tessellated with
unrestrained indulgence. There is no
God to frown on the temples of sin
where I worship. The skies are Ital
ian. The paths I tread are through
meadows daisied and primrosed Come
with me!"
Kew Trade of Houseeualth.
One of the finest Anglo-Saxon wc-rda
among recent new additions is the
word "housesmith, ' which . describes
the working on the new iron structn.es
used in the building of apartments and
large office establishments. The trate
which is in some ways the antipodes
of the housesmiths is that of mechan
ics who pull down old city building
to make way for new. It has been
hard to coin a name for this trade.
The latest attempt here is "house
wreckers. New York Past.
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TS -AGRI.
CULTURISTS.
obbo Cp-to-Date Hints A beet Culti
vation of the . SoU and Yields
Thereof Horticulture. Viticulture and
Vlortcnltnre.
The LnUI.
The plant herewith illustrated Is the
Lentil, known scientifically as lens
eeculenta. It . is a small . branching
plant with delicate pea-like leaves. The
small white Sowers growing in pairs
are followed by flat pods, each con
taining two very flat round seeds, con
vex on both sides. Unlike the pea
and bean, the lentil is eaten only when
fully ripe. The brown or reddish lentil
is smaller than the yellow, but of more
delicate flavor. The lentil is one of
the most ancient of food plants, prob
ably one of the first to be brought un
der cultivation by man. It has been
grown from early times in Asia and
in the Mediterranean countries. The
reddish Egyptian lentil probably fur
nished the "red pottage" of Esau. In
Europe this legume is far less grown
than the pea and bean, partly' because
its yield of seed and straw Is less;
therefore the market Is partially sup
plied from Egypt. The lentil, accord
ing to analysis, is one of the most
Xentfl.
nutritious of all the legumes, but its
flavor is pronounced and to some per
sons not as agreeable as that of the
pea and bean. It has sometimes been
claimed that indigestion and other bad
effects followed the eating of lentils,
but this impression is known in some
cases to be traceable to the use of cer
tain poisonous vetches, whose seed
much resembles the lentiL There is
every reason to consider the lentil a
wholesome food. Until recent years
the lentil was little known in the Unit
ed States, but with the growth of the
foreign population its use has steadily
Increased. The lentils found in our
markets are all imported, but the cul
ture of this legume with European
seeds Is being tried in our "southwest
ern territories and elsewhere. There
is already grown In New Mexico and
Arizona, as well as in Mexico, a small
variety of lentiL the seed of which
was doubtless brought from Spain cen
turies ago by the ancestors of the
present mixed race living there. The
sandy soil of moderate fertility seems
adapted to it;. : it has become accli
mated. Is hardy and prolific
Mete on apple Trees.
At a recent convention reported by
the Farmers' Review, Prof. Webster of
the Ohio Experiment Station reported
the results of some experiments car
ried out by him in netting apple trees
to keep off the coddling moths. A
number of trees were covered with
nets to keep out the moths, and be
side them were a number of check
trees left uncovered. When the apples
were harvested it was found that 19
per cent were wormy on the covered
trees and over 70 per cent wormy on
the uncovered trees. It will be- no
ticed that even tbe apples on -the cov
ered trees were affected to almost one
fifth of alL Just how valuable the ex
periment Is we cannot say, especially
as we do not know how near the cov
ered trees were to the uncovered. It
seems to the writer that one very Im
portant part has not been reported.
We wish to ask: Did' not the moths
that tried to get onto a covered tree
turn away from that and go onto an
uncovered tree, thus making, the num
ber of wormy apples there very much
larger than it would have been under
ordinary circumstances?- If sucbt- were
the case the relative value of the cov
ering would be lessened for actual use
Also, did the covered tree bear as much
trait as the uncovered one? - We ask
this, as the netting that kept out the
moths might also keep out the In
sects that assist the cross-fertilization
of the blossoms, it having been quite
fairly demonstrated that even our ap
ple trees benefit by this cross-fertiltxa-
tion. It may yet pay well to protect
some of our fruit trees with nets. -
Seoa and Bad Work of Uses.
Professor Walte of the Department
of Agriculture has been investigating
the work of the bee relative to its car
rying of disease germs from flower to
flower, and expresses the opinion that
the bee is largely responsible for the
distribution of the peach rot fungus.
The bee himself does not puncture the
peach; but gets to work on the peach
after the wasp and the soldier bug
have punctured it. . Bees also carry
pear blight. Pear trees do not usually
show much blight till they bloom and
begin to . bear fruit. The pear blight
virus Is gummy and cant be blown by
the wind; it must be carried by in
sects. If the virus dries it dies in a
few days. A twig that has died of
blight is no longer a menace, because
the virus that killed the twig is dead
also. It is therefore evident that the
germs are spread by insects, especially
bees.
On the other hand the bee is a great
increaser of our .crops through his
work of cross-pollenization.- Many of
our plums and apples are sterile to
their own pollen, but such Is not true
pf the peach and quince. The pear is
not of the type that produces pollen
that is borne by the wind. From the
biological standpoint the bees are do
ing their , natural work in visiting
blossoms, and In spite of what harm
they do they are necessary to the best
results in our orchards.
Campbell Method of Soil Culture.
Some years ago the Campbell method
of soil culture made a considerable stir
in agricultural circles. Recently little
has been heard of it. The only refer
ence made to it this year is in an ex
periment station bulletin, which says:
"The Campbell method has yielded
small crops of wheat, and has given no
appreciable saving of soil moisture.
As some of our readers will remember
Mr. Campbell, the inventor of the tools
used in this process, claimed that the
stirring up of the ground was not an
advantage to crops, and that where the
soil was plowed it should be again
compacted as firmly as -it had been at
first, if that -vere possible. He said
that the ordinary roller only com
pacted the first two inches of earth,
but that below that crust the soil was
light and loose- The roller he invented
was arranged to penetrate the soil and
compact the earth down to the depth
of the plowing, while at the same time
a dust mulch was left on the surface.
At one time some of the experiment
station men looked quite favorably on
the scheme. Results, however, have
shown it of no value. - .
Spraying: Fruit Trees In Bloom.
There is at present much contro
versy whether or not fruit trees should
be sprayed when in bloom. In the state
of New York a law has been passed
making it a misdemeanor to spray fruit
trees when in bloom, on account of
the danger to bees. It is without doubt
true that some bees are killed by the
poison in (he spray. In one case re
ported a whole hive of bees were
killed, and an examination showed ar
senic in the digestive apparatus of the
bees.
K has also been discovered that the
poison is equally destructive to the life
of the pollen, even when the amount
of poison is only 9 to 100 parts in 10,
000. Even two parts in 10,000 has been
frequently . found fatal to the pollen.
The danger to the pollen is, however,
greatly lessened by the fact that the
blossoms do not all open at once, but
the process extends over several days.
In a clump of five apple blossoms the
central one opens first, and spraying
at that time kills the pollen in only
those open blossoms.
Fertilisation of Flowers.
Insects are necessary to the fertili
zation of most flowers, and were it
not for insects, especially honey bees,
many of the crops we now have would
be wanting. There are a good many
flowers that produce pollen that has
no means of getting from .flower to
flower except by the medium of In
sects. On the other hand some plants
throw oft great quantities of pollen
without the help of the insects; Prof.
James Fletcher relates that when in
British Columbia some people came to
him and asked him to explain a show
er of sulphur that had apparently fal
len during the preceding night. He
assured them that there had been no
shower. of sulphur.- but that what
looked like sulphur was In reality the
pollen of pine trees.
In Belgium Sunday rest leagues
have been formed and strong attempts
have been made to provoke legislation
on the Sunday closing subject but to
no avaiL -
Sweden has 2,303 miles of govern
ment, and '4,387 miles of private rail
roads. The government has not yet
succeeded in acquiring the latter, al
though efforts have been made to
do soj- -
- A new form of benefaction to a New
England town Is that taken in the gift
of Francis Schell of New York, who
has given Northfleld, Mass., ' a S32.0C :
bride.
Water tn Cereal Production.
A wheat-raiser says that subaolllng
will Increase the yield of wheat in his
vicinity, but that the amount of water
used in the production of the crop is
greater. That is most certainly so and
it Is no argument against sub-soiling.
Every increase in the crop of any
thing means a very large increase in
the amount of water used. No other
condition Is possible. It takes a cer
tain amount of water to convey the
food to the grain of the plant, and
the amount of water used 1b hundreds
of times the bulk of the food carried.
This water is not used over and over
again, so far as we know, but after
acting as a conveyer is thrown oft from
the foliage of plants in the form of
vapor. Experiments have shown that
for every pound of dry wheat created
there is used 453 pounds of water. It
will thus be seen that to increase the
yield of wheat hy one bushel means
the added use of 27,180 pounds of
water. This is over 13 tons. Anent
this subject it may be interesting to
quote the conclusions arrived at by
Professor King of Wisconsin as to
the amount of water used in the pro
duction of the leading grains. To elab
orate one pound of dry matter the re
quirements are as follows: Barley, 461
pounds;, oats, 603 pounds; corn, 270
pounds; clover, 578 pounds; peas, 477
pounds; potatoes, S85 pounds; These
figures present an i Interesting study.
The low demands of corn show that
it is a crop adapted to a limited water,
supply and point to its origin and de
velopment in a country semi-arid In
nature. It will explain why the corn
crop comes through drouths that de
stroy other crops. As to subsoillng
for the increase of water supply it.
must be remembered that that is the
prime reason for the process, as- it in
creases the water reservoir of the
soiL
Water In the Soil.
There are many things about the.
physics of soils that remain to be ex
plained. One of them is the movement
of soil moisture, both as relates to the
water table and to the moisture pres
ent by capillary attraction. Thus we
notice that in some experiments made
in North Dakota it was determined
that "the water table falls during the
winter season, but there is little or no
loss of soil moisture and there is an
actual gain of moisture in the surface
soil, which is not due to rain or
snow." A possible explanation is that
the cold earth, even in its frozen state,
may act as a condenser of the moisture
in the air, on days when the tempera
ture of the air is above the freezing
point. Another explanation may be
that the air in the soil actually circu
lates toward the colder surface soil,
and deposits its moisture there by
condensation, just as is the case with
the air above the soiL However,
further investigation of the subject
may show the main causes of such
concentration of the water supply and
its advantage to agriculture.
Our Kelshbor's Orchard.
Scientists that have had large ex
perience in the matter of orchard
treatment declare that it is better to
treat large areas for insects and fungi
instead of here and there individual
orchards. The reason is apparent. In
the case of treating a few acres of trees
at a time the region around those
acres serves as a base of operation
for the pest desired to be exterminat
ed. The untreated orchard of our
neighbor Is the one that does the mis
chief, i How to get that orchard
sprayed is a problem. In some states
laws have been passed making the
treatment of the orchard compulsory
on complaint of certain property hold
ers in the vicinity. But such laws are
inoperative, for the reason that men
are not very numerous that will take
the initiative in such a matter. The
only effective move we can see as ad
visable is for the most interested man
to call a neighborhood meeting to con
sider the question of spraying all the
orchards. Then, if possible, have all
the orchards treated at the same time.
Ducks and geese stand being exhib
ited at shows better than the land
fowls. Among- the latter the loss is
great. ' Some of the breeders that fol
low the fairs and show their birds
"during an entire season lose as high
as half of. their birds. Some of these
die while at the fairs, and others suc
cumb to disease after they are brought
home, but as a direct result' of the
showing. Not Infrequently roup ex
ists among show - birds. The cage
with the sick fowls may be some dis
tance away from the others, and when
the breeder takes his birds home he
Imagines they have escaped the roup.
But a few days after reaching home
the dread disease breaks out amonw
the birds he has had on exhibition.
Nevertheless, it pays enterprising
breeders to take their best birds to
the fairs and poultry shows. The re
ward comes to the breeder not only in
an increase of knowledge, but also la
Increased sale.
" New South Wales has an agricul
ture1 college.
The double or triple skirt looks de
cidedly smart on slight figures.

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