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WESTERN KANSAS WORLD
H. 8. GIVLER, Publisher. WA-KEENEY. - KANSAS A passenger on a street railway is Vienna claimed damages, which were awarded him, for a shock to his nerve caused by the conductor shouting oul to the passengers to jump off the car as he feared a collision. Cremation has just been made legal In Spain, where hitherto it has been prohibited as incompatible with the religion of the country. The reform is based upon sanitation. Ir. the de cree just issued by the Queen Regent sanctioning the erection of a crema torium in Madrid, it is stated thai this departure from traditional modes of burial are actuated by hygienic conr siderations which can no longer be waived or neglected. Juliet's "What's iu a name?" might be asked regarding the vessels of the British navy which have borne the names of reptiles. It is said that four Vipers have been wrecked, the last oi the name but recently, and a Cobra still more lately has broken in two and gone to the bottom with officers and men. Also four Serpents, three Liz ards, two Snakes, one Alligator, one Crocodile, one Rattlesnake, one Ba silisk, and two Dragori3 which are not reptiles have at various times met with disaster. British tars, it is said have a superstitious feeling of dislike against sailing in vessels bearing such names. Lucky or unlucky, the name are needlessly disagreeable. Italy and Austria have just agreed to take a step unprecedented in mod ern history. At the end of August the pope promulgated a Bull transferring from the' administration of the' Dil matians to that of the Croatians the charitable institutions known as St. Jerome's, which has a capital of 80,-000.- The institution had belonged to the-. Dalmatians for five centuries. Much bitterness was created, and sev eral serious conflicts occurred between people of the two nationalities. The question- has now, happily, been solv ed, the two governments having agreed, after cordial negotiations, ' to establish the previous condition of af fairs and consider the papal bull as non-existent. President Harper, of the Universit of Chicago, recently received the fol lowing letter from a prospective girl student at Pecatonica, 111.: "Dear Mr. Harper I know you will be pleased tc learn that I have decided to attend the university school of education this fall I am going to Chicago next Saturday on the morning train, and as I have never been in the city before I woulc be glad if you would meet me at th station. I am fire feet four inches tall have light hair and eyes and a pleasing appearance. I shall wear a dark browr traveling -skirt and a blue waist, witl white yoke. I think I shall know yov from your pictures, but for fear I mak a mistake will you please wear youi card in your hat?" The United ' States of America, th United States of Brazil, the Unitec" States of Mexico and the United Setates of Venezuela appear amonr the names of the countries represent ed at the fan-American congress ie Mexico. This shows how widely ou? federal plan of government as wel as pur style of naming it has beer adopted in the New World. The use of the word "state" in this way has often been regarded as slightly in accurate. The word state originally signified a body of people united under one government, whereas we use the term to describe one of the divisions of our country; but whatever rhetori cal inaccuracy we may have commit ted has evidently been overweighed, in the minds of our Imitators, by the sue cess of our "great experiment." Per haps now that England has designated as "states" the several parts of the Australian commonwealth, the "Am ericanism" has become good English In Mayor Hart's inaugural address o January, 1900, "the most important re qulrement for the Boston publii schools was pronounced to be that o "additional school accommodations. Since that time a special "Bostor school house commission has beei created, with authority to spend $1 000,000 for new school houses the pres ent year and $3,000,000 more wlthii the next few years. The commissio. proposes to spend this money for "th best sanitary buildings that skill cai devise," but as a means of providin temporary relief it has built forty three portable school houses of a typ experimented with last year. . Thes buildings are of wood and can be taker to pieces easily and moved. They ar properly warmed, well lighted,' and ar- often located in the yards of crowde school buildings, the sanitary arrange ments of which are then available They have not entirely displaced rent ed rooms, but they are regarded generally superior to the latter botl from the standpoint of economy anc of accommodations. An Alabama delegate who died sud denly while in attendance upon the Methodist Ecumenical Conference In London was at one time a director ir a Selma bank. The bank failed. There upon bo disposed of all his property devoted the. proceeds, so far as they would go, toward paying off the bank': indebtedness and died poor. There If no doubt about the religion of a mar like that, and it was eminently fitting that he should represent his church a a gathering where its great men met "to-stimulate one another to good works and better ways." CAMPFIEE SKETCHES. SOME SHORT STORIES FOR THE VETERANS. Estimates of tbe Navy for tbo Fiscal Tear Endta June SO, ISOS, Show th Meed of 8,10,884 Xavy's In creased Cost. IIJMS OF THE WAOOSEE. O sailor bold! when o'er the deep The brave ship beats through stormy weather. Tis sua and stars thy course must keep; Tis trusting binds all hearts to gether. Then, landsman, hail! For us the sun Marks out a path which never varies Until within the west is won A rest beyond the rolling prairies! Let hungry danger haunt our way, There's yet a time for mirth and sighing! We've sworn our leader we'll obey And seek the hills where gold is ly ing! . - . Then come away! Across the plains Good fortune yet shall smile above us. And some glad morn the love that reins Shall lead us back to those who love us! Has not the hunter here his wish, Where roads are smooth and streams are shallow? Each prairie pool's agleam with fish; The shy deer feeds along the fallow! In hollow trees bees hide their sweets; Wild fowl to every wood' are wing ing; And nature's Joy the heart repeats When through the silence song is singing! What though in marshes - serpents nest? What though in -thicket lurks, the savage? These are the perils of the west. And there's no spot death will not ravage! Then, westward ho! We venture where The bright day dies in , a- golden glory, And all our hopes lies over there In lands unknown to song or story! Then lift the song! Let valleys' ring! We lead the way, and more shall fol low, Who to a slumb'rous life will cling When hearts but ache and truth is hollow. Sing as we bound o'er hill and dale, Like ships that ride above the bil lows, ' Our wagons mark the outward trail And God keeps watch where valor pillows. NAVAL ESTIMATES. The estimates for the navy for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1903, were made public at the navy department recently. The total amount is $98,910,- 984, against $77,924,535 appropriated for the current year. The chief in creases are $2,500,000 for construction, $2,000,000 for armor and $129,255 in the appropriation for yards and docks. Secretary Long, in speaking of the es timates, said that they were made with due regard for the needs of the ivy. and intimated they had the approval of the administration. He spoke of the Increased cost of the navy, and said that the building of a battleship cost ing $5,00G,000 was not the end of its expense, as its maintenance was very costly. These estimates, he said, did not cover any recommendations for in crease of the navy over that already authorized, but it is more than likely the secretary will recommend three new battleships and th.-ee new armored, cruisers and a number of small gun boats. Among the new items of im portance in the estimates are the fol lowing: New battery for the Newark, $175,000; new batteries for the Albany and New Orleans, $200,000; reserve guns for ships of the navy, $500,000; floating dry dock. Portsmouth, N. H., $500,000, making the total for that yard $1,644,575.- A total of $1,227,700 for new works at the Boston navy yard, which Includes a plant for housing and stor ing torpedo vessels and new buildings. The estimate for new improvements at the New York navy yard aggregate $3,- 110,000. which includes $2,000,000 for the purchase of land and $200,000 for barracks for enlisted men. Tbe new estimated items for the Norfolk yard aggregate $1,208,500, which includes $350,000 for the purchase of land. The estimates for the naval station at San Juan, Porto Rico, are $2,613,000, and include $1,000,000 for a masonry dry dock, $50,000 for the purchase of land. $250,000 for dredging and $200,000 for extension of coaling facilities. An es timate of $650,000 is made for a plant for housing and storing torpedo ves sels at Pensacola. An estimate of $108,000 is made for the naval station at Tutuila, Samoa. An estimate of $381,000 Is submitted for . the Cavite station, and includes $200,000 for a re frigerating plant. Estimates are made for a complete naval station at Olong- apo, P. "-L, amounting to $1,443,000. Other estimates are as follows: Naval magazine near Boston. $500,000; naval magazine near - Portsmouth, N. H., $400,000; naval magazine, Puget Sound, $100,000; defenses for insular naval stations and coal depot, $500,000. CAPTAW AHERTS SAMPLES., - Capt. George P. Ahern, Ninth United States Infantry, chief of the forestry bureau of the Philippine archipelago, who has prepared a book on the woods of the Philippines, has been in Wash ington superintending the publishing of the reports of his bureau, which will soon be isaued ay the war department. He has also an exhibit of Philippine woods at the Pan-American exposition in Buffalo. The riches of the Philip pine forests in both building and fur niture woods la incalculable, but tor use in the islands many valuable spe cies are almost useless owing to the ravages of the white ants which swarm there. A few months ago Ca.pt- A hern reported to the war department that he was- making experiments with a variety cf native woods to determine their capacity to resist attacks from the ants. He labeled a large number of sample pieces of wood and placed them in an unused house where the. ants could operate freely upon them. On reaching Washington, Acting Secretary cf War, Colonel Sanger, who follows closely everythiug done in the islands, inquired as to the result of the experi ments. "Mi4. Secretary," said the cap tain, "when I went to examine the samples they were all gone." "What!" exclaimed the secretary, "had the ants utterly destroyed them?" "No," an swered Capt. Ahem, "not the ants. Some native, more interested in pot- boiling than in science, had made off with the entire lot." Saturday Even- ng Post. ONLY TWELVE KNEW BONO. Only twelve out of the 400 enlisted force on the receiving ship Richmond, at the League island navy yard, or dered to learn the words of the "Star Spangled Banner," gave evidence re cently that they knew the song, says the Philadephla Press. Capt. Leary, of"the Richmond, sent forth the order that no leaves of absence ashore would be granted unless the men showed that they knew the words of the national anthem. To ascertain how- many ot the sailors and landsmen really had memorized the song Capt. Leary de cided to hold a test examination. In the morning, after the men had been lined up at roll call, Chaplain Morri son requested all those who knew the words to step forward. To the Bur prise and dismay of the officers only twelve stepped out from the ranks. To relieve the nervous tension and merriment the lieutenant in charge im mediately gave the order to "air beds." Some of the sailors say that while the captain has authority to compel them to learn rules of ordinance, ne has no right to order them to learn "The Star Spangled Banner." As a large major ity of the men who crave leave of ab sence declare they will not learn the song, the situation promises Interest ing developments. A MCIDAXAO RULER'S CANE. -A curious letter, written in long. back-handed loops, not wholly unlike the whole notes in musical notation, recently passed through the depart ment, says the Boston Evening Tran script. It was from Wato Mama Da toh Baqui. one of our faithful subjects in Mindanao, a ruler of his people, and a Mohammedan of true faith and al legiance. His conduct had been so ex emplary at the time when other in habitants of the Philippine isles were giving much trouble to the United States, that Gen. MacArthur, after a tour through that part of the archipel ago, decided to send this Datoh a cane. He accordingly had one beautifully headed and engraved, at an expense of about $30, and forwarded to the loyal chief with his compliments. The acknowledgment, translated into Eng lish, is as follows: "This letter from your brother Wato Mama Datoh Baqui to his brother the Captain-General of the Philippines concerning the appro priate present a cane which I have received from his Excellency through the commanding officer at Malabang. I wish to express my great gratitude to him for his thoughtful remembrance. My pleasure at receiving it reaches the skies." Curious Condition Governing Arrest. Rear Admiral Terry, commandant at the Washington navy yard, tells an amusing story about court martial re quirements in the navy. Admiral Sker rett was then a captain, and an officer who had been charged with an offense and ordered under arrest presented himself wearing his full dress uniform. but having no sword. "I can't arrest you," said Capt. Skerrett, looking for the missing sword, "unless you come prepared to submit your sword to me.' The officer explained that he had not received his sword from home, al though it had been- expressed to him. "Well, you ll have to get one, was the reply. So the officer skirmished about in the navy yard for some one who had a sword to lend. Finding one, the offender returned to Capt. Skerrett and was promptly and regu larly put under arrest according to regulations. Money Sickles Has Drawn. One way and another Gen. Daniel E. Sickles has drawn about $300,000 sal ary from the government. As colonel of the Seventeenth New York volunteer infantry and the Forty-second regular infantry , for seven years he received $3,500 .a year, or $24,500. As major general, retired, for thirty-five years he has received $5,625 a year, aggre gating $196,875. As representative in congress from New York for four years he received $5,000 a year,, or $20,000.. and as minister, to-Spain he received $12,500 a year Chicago Chronicle. - Monument to Gen. Read. The citizens of Kent county, Mary land; have decided to erect a monument to the memory of General Philip Reed. bepo.or Caulk's . field. General Reed was commissioned lieutenant in the Third regiment of the Maryland line, Oct. 13. 1778. and served through the war of the revolution. ' He commanded the militia, which repelled the British at. Caulk's field, near the Cecil county line, and was made brigadier general. He was United States senator from Maryland from 1806 to 1813. TO HOUSE INDIANS. REDSKINS TO ABANDON TEPEES AND GRASS HUTS. k Result of an Order from the Interior Department The Deafen' Is to Im prove tile Morals of the Red f tbe Nation. (Special Letter.) A recent order of the Indian depart ment has created consternation among the reservation Indians of the south west. The order is to the effect that all Indians shall hereafter live in houses, and cast aside their native places of habitation.- If there is any thing that the average Indian holds dear, it is his tepee or grass house. It is as sacred to him as his dances, which are also fast passing away. The purposes of putting the Indians in frame houses are two. First, the wish to do away with their habit of crouch ing about in the hollows and timber during winter time, in - their tepees. This kind of structure is not health ful, and hundreds of Indian children die every year of exposure. Again, when the Indians live in tents they are apt to have more than one wife apiece, and indulge in their games and dances, much to the detriment of theii moral character. Most of the Indians have never lived under anything but huts of their own peculiar construction. Most of the tribes live in tepees in summer, but in winter they have ' grass houses, sod houses, caves in the hillsides and leaf covered shacks in the valleys. The Wichita Indians, who live in southern Oklahoma, have the most complete house of any of the Indian tribes in the United States. It is called a grass house. The Indian first builds a frame work, dome shaped. Huge logs are set up In a cone, and these are covered with sod. The squaws then weave the long grass of the plains into a kind ot thick matting. . This is waterproof. and is laid in strips over the sod. ' A cone is formed at the top to turn water, and a small entrance is cut in the south side. A rude door is made to cover this. There are small holes near the bottvn of the hut for breath ing places, and in winter a chimney hole is cut in the top. But there are no windows of any sort. In summer the lower part of the sod house can be removed, leaving a good roof ana open sides. - In them they spend the warm weather. Storms have full sweep at them, but they do not seem to care for this. In case the wind blows too hard they go into some of the numer- . A WICHITA GRASS HOUSB. jus caves that may be found on their reservation. The Comanches, Kiowas, Pawnees Poncas and Cheyennes all live in rough tepees both in summer and winter, though among the Poncas the idea of living in the houses supplied by the government is now coming into favor. The Cheyennes and Apaches are. al most beyond the reach of civilizing in fluences. They will have nothing to do with the white people, as a rule, and they scorn the little government hous es which have lately been built for them. But the Indian agents will soon issue instructions to confiscate all the tepees of these tribes, burn them and compel the Indians to accept the frame houses as their future homes. WHAT GERMANY HAS DONE for tbe Advancement of . tbe Human Race by Scientific Education. - Germany has given more attention to scientific knowledge than any other nation. And she is keeping up the good work. One of its results is the employment of 22,000 men in dyeing establishments superintended by 500 scientifically trained chemists. - Ger many has reduced the cost of producing vaseline to a sixtieth of its original price. Liquefied carbonic acid now sells at a profit of 10 cents a pound. Before her chemists evolved this valuation it sold for 30 cents a pound. Producing phosphate of lime cheaply has raised its manufacture, since 1870, from 1.100 tons annually to 800,000 tons. The in vention of aniline dyes, from coal tar, has revolutionized that industry. Thir ty years ago. in France alone. 25.000 tons of madder were grown for dyeing purposes, but now little of that veget able pigment is produced, and manu factured substitutes for indigo have been gradually driving that dye out ot tbe market. Power of the Klentonta. A fall of hail to the average depth of one inch over a region four miles wide and 18 miles, long is a fan of 167,340,000 cubic feet of ice. weighing nearly 1,000,000 tons. The average ele vation from which it fell may be tak en as 5,000 feet. All the mass that fell must previously have .been raised to that level; that is. 1,000,000 tons c!st have been raised 5,000 feet or 5,000,000 foot tons of. work must" have been done, which corresponds to the work of an engine of a million horse power working for five hours. PEOPLE WITH HORNS. Speclee of Ornamentation. There are' many well authenticated cases of human being growing horns. Nearly all the' old writers cite ex amples. In ancient, times horns were symbolic of wisdom and power. Mich ael Angelo in his famous sculpture of Moses has given the patriarch a pair of horns. Probably the most remarkable case was that of Paul Rodrigues, a Mexican porter, who, from the upper and lateral part of his head, had a horn 14 inches in circumference, divided into three shafts, - which he conceal 3d by con stantly wearing a peculiarly shaped cap. There is in Paris a wax model of a horn, eight or nine inches In length, removed from an old woman by the celebrated Dr. Souberbielle. Dr. Warren- mentions . a case under the care of Dr. Dubois of a woman from whose forehead grew a horn six inches in diameter and six inches in height. In 1696 there was an old woman in France who constantly shed long horns from her forehead, one of which was presented to the King. Dr. Volgte cites the case of an old woman who had a' horn branching into three por tions, coming from her forehead. Dr. Sands speaks of a woman who bad a horn 65i inches long, growing from her head. There is an account of the extirpation of a horn nearly 10 inches in length from the forehead of a wo man of 82. Dr. Bejau describes a wo man of 40 from whom he excised an excrescence resembling a ram's horn. It began to grow at the age of 11, and constantly increased. Dr. Vidal pre sented before the Academie de Medi cine, France, in 1886, a twisted horn, from the head of a woman. This was 10 inches long; and at the time of Its presentation reproduction of it was taking place in the woman. A Frenchman, named Trouillon, with a large horn on his forehead, re sembling that of a ram, is reported to have exhibited himself in Paris in 1599, while a country boy, just 40 years later, presented himself at the hospi tal of Bologna to have sawed from his bead a horn about the size of the index finger. - Dr. Chatard, of Baltimore, some years ago, reported that he had seen In that city an old woman with a horn on her nose. It was "more than an inch long and nearly shaped like that of a rhinoceros." CATS ARE HER HOBBY. Rearlnc tbe Felines One of tbe Fads a Lady Marcus Beresford. Among the "fads" to which English ladies of. wealth, leisure and high so cial distinction are addicted, there are few yielding the fair devotees more genuine pleasure and satisfaction than the business of breeding and rearing cats, the specialty of Lady Marcus Beresford. At her home in Bishams gate. near Egham, Lady Beresford has established what she calls her "cater ies," a word which fits the case, per haps, as well as any other. The es tablishment is absolutely unique in every feature. Here the happy and for tunate pussies live, move and have their being amid surroundings fit, for queens and princes. One feature of the "eatery" is a vine-covered cottage with the rooms decorated and sup plied with everything supposed to be needful for the comfort of the most fastidious of felines. There is a small kitchen for cooking food, racks to hold the white enameled bowls and plates used at feeding time, and a large book wherein is inscribed the family his tory of .members of the establishment. By many men cats are regarded as a nuisance, if nothing worse, but by a specially fortunate circumstance Lord Beresford is deeply Interested in felines himself, and is in thorough sympathy with his wife's hobby. He is one of the ' presidents of the Lon don Cat Club, whose annual exhibi tions are a popular feature of each recurring season, and some of the prize-winning cats at these shows every year, come from Lady Eeres ford's cat form. , Roman Antiquity to Be Restored. Anyone who has visited Rome car not fall to remember the mysteriou covered passage about which so man) possible and impossible stories are tolc which connects the Apostolic Palaa and the castle of St. Angelo. For som. time it has been entirely neglected and after the taking of Rome it wa. cut through to destroy the connectiox between the Vatican, which remaine. In the hands of the cnurch. and th. castle, which was used as a fortress b; United Italy. Now, at last, restora tions are about to be commenced, anc it will then be one of the most inter estine sights in Rome. Most of the work of this passage, which is roofet over, and has small loopholes to give light, was done by the orders of Alex ander VI. that he might have a saf means of escape in case tf need to the castle. London Telegraph. . Found Lost Versa. An interesting . discovery has Jus. been made by a Portugal savant. M Leite de Vascon cellos has found in a forgotten manuscript a very ancien poem, the existence of . which wa: known, but which was thought to have been lost. The poem, composed ir. bo nor of Sainte-Foy d'Agen, contain 593 stanzas. It is written in Proven cal and dates back to the end of the eleventh century- - Soma time must elapse, however, before the reading public can appreciate the beauty of the work, for the language, in which It -is written would now be Incomprehen sible on the banks of the Rhone. - Give counsel to him who asks it but force. counsel upon none. -mWS Kansas Notes Fifty conversions each night for ten nights, is the record of the Win field revival. An Atchison woman set fire to her dress while smoking a pipe and was burned to death. The compulsory school law which is supposed to be in force in Kansas leaksr oacuy in wamego. One Beloit girl Is Incapacitated from. playing the piano by having had a. finger crushed In a clothes wringer. . A Cowley county man has 10,000 bushels of apples in storage and tells all inquirers there isn't going to be any core. A lazy man in Eldorado has fixed up- a motto that pleases him. It is: "I don't care what happens, so it doesn't. happen to me." A man in Kensington, who owns- more than his quota of shaving uten sils is called a "barber shop magnate"" by the local paper. Cash Henderson. Wichita's pioneer- dry goods merchant, has sold out to good advantage and will live on the interest of his name. - Kansas is still on its way to the- stars. An. Eastern man has given $50,- 000 to Washburn college to found an. astronomical observatory. The cost of the new buildings just contracted for at Fort Leavenworth is sufficient to have put up 542 houses or an average cost of $2,000. All that remains of the saloon that formerly flourished on an island in the- Kaw river at Wamego is the skeleton ui suaiLiy umi a sanuuar. M ,1 . The $2,000 which the Santa Fe em ployes raised to aid in the capture of the murderer of George Montgomery has been voted to his widow. As soon as the Kaw river rises suf- tlcKmrlv to mnlTA Ir wnrrh whim a. Lawrence man intends to go over Mr. Bowersock's dam in a Darrel. George Koshhoszkowskywicz was given eight days on the rock pile by Police Judge Blochberger of Leaven worth for being drunkoffsklwitz. The Washington National bank has found so few customers who want to borrow money that'it has gone into the poultry business on the side. Barton county has so much surplus money that it is building a new poor house. It thinks it may need it some day, when the "reaction" comes. Two St. Joseph detectives were prowling around on a case in Leaven worth last week and a local police man arrested them for vagrancy. - A Herington man who, In a playful moment, killed a man in order that he might marry the 'victim's widow, has also joined the Lansing Pardon Club.' It is announced that oysters are to be raised in the Barton county arti ficial lake as soon as the lake has been dusted and the bed has been "made up." ... v In Junction City the marshal pub lished a "card of thanks" extending his gratitude to the soldiers of Fort Riley for not getting drunk last pay day. A section of Butler county land which was bought three years ago for $3 an acre was sold last week for $11 an acre. The next man who gets it will pay $15. Some of the Kansas admirers of Ex plorer Baldwin are considerably dis mayed because he has been gone near ly five months and he hasn't reached the Pole yet. Clay Center has also a record for heroic recuperation. Two months ago its electric light plant burned down. Now it has a new electric light plant in operation. A brand of coal called Peerless Is sold in Smith Center. It is so-called because every time one takes the coal bucket and goes to the bin the coal seems to appear less. A man in Manchester advertises that if you want a good shave or hair cut, your shoes mended or want to sell anything from a sewing machine to a farm, or feel the need of any kind of insurance, cyclone Insurance a spe cialty, to call on him. . One hotel in Northern Kansas has two rates -"with" and "without" po tatoes. Ottawa is thinking of holding a. guessing contest to raise funds to build a new hotel. In boring for coal at Belleville last week a rich deposit of water In pay In quantities was struck at a depth of 108 feet. At Lyons a solid phalanx of bank ers daughters who wanted to be car nival queen, were rejected in favor of Miss Lowry, a telephone girl who makes only $30 a month, but is as pretty as a peach. Barton county is probably no more untruthful than the other 104, but it serves as an example: The tax as sessors reported only $29,366 in cash; the statements of the banks in the county shows that the deposits are $1,323,317.71. Wellington is having almost as much trouble as Kansas City with its municipal water plant. . The town has been without water nearly half the time since the plant was bought, and now the mayor and council are , dig ging a series of "town wells." Empire City, which is divided from Galena only by the railroad tracks, is willing to be annexed if the city will give it seven electric lights, a hose cart and four councllmen. Olin Castle and the silver mounted baton which has been presented to. the leader of the Eldorado band make a combination which no other musical organization in Kansas can beat. A Wichita man was so impressed by a dream to the effect that the next day was Thanksgiving that he went out and bought a turkey. Now the entire fam ily is trying to keep him under the- in fluence of opiates.