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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, November 30, 1901, Image 7

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Herron, the sister of Professor
George D. Herron, who Is to be mar
ried to Dr. Henri V. Berghall of Man
istee, Mich., according to the ideas
"which made her brother's marriage to
Mlsa Rand sensational. Is a firm be
liever in "the new and simple form of
jnafriage" without a religious cere
mony. The Rev. W. T. Brown of Ply
mouth Congregational Church, Roch
ester, N. Y., probably will- be a guest
-at the wedding, as he was at Profes
sor Herron's when he, addressing the
bridal pair, declared: "This is the time
-and the place for the muse of a poet,
the speech of a god. The' office of
priest or magistrate were an intrusion
Miss Herron is at the "social cru
sade" home established by her brother
-at Metuchen, N. J. When asked for
her ideas on marriage she said:
"I believe that marriage Is away
above all earthly forms; that there is
-something too infinite about love to be
measured by earthly pledges vain.
Idle pledges, which are so often brok
en. What do such vows count for if
two hearts are afire with love which
knows no expression from the lips?
So long as I know that, my views of
marriage are right it is a matter of
total indifference to me what neigh
bors may say. Any opposition here
Among the ministers or the town peo
ple would certainly have little weight
-with me. They have the right to
-think as they please and I shall reserve
the same right for myself. Critics of
any brother are " simply behind the
times. His views about marriage and
-socialism will yet be generally ac
No better illustration could be given
of the manner in which the Indians of
the Southwest are turning into the
straight and narrow path, than a little
incident witnessed at Lawton recently.
An Indian, a large man of mature
years, a Kiowa half-breed, entered. He
was dressed like a white man. and
had an intelligent appearance; but he
. seemed nervous and ill at ease about
something. The place was crowded
with a hurrying lot of business men,
anxious to get back to their work.
Heads were turned toward the red
man, as he seated himself at one of the
crowded tables. Finally he seemed to
pull himself together, and raising his
hands above the table, he looked
around the board, saying:
"Me Jesus man." He then pro
ceeded, to say the simple words of
blessing the food. The incident
touched all who were present. ,
There are a number of Indian Chris
tians of the Wichita and Comanche
tribes spreading the light of the Gos
pel in the foothills of the Wichita
mountains. Camp meetings are now
taking the place of the medicine
dances. The Comanches are led by Big
Eagle and his squaw, both converts
for the past five years. They are not
accompanied by any white people, and
carry on tneir work in a simple but
effective manner. Some of the half-
breeds who were present say that as
many as fifty converts are made, at a
single meeting. W. R. Draper, la
Christian Herald. - ,
President Roosevelt and the Indlaas.
- Commissioner Jones of the - Indian
bureau has some radical ideas as to the
duty of congress to make If possible
the Indian wards of the nation self
sustaining. It is understood that Com
missioner Jones has urged his views
r'upon President Roosevelt, and that the
latter, from his intimate knowledge of
Indian administration throughout the
- western states, is inclined to share the
commissioner's views. '
Persons, Plaices
and Things
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher at
Jerusalem was recently the scene of
another bloody riot between the par
tisans of the Greek and the Roman
communions. A -number of Franciscan
priests and a party of Greek priests
quarreled over the right to sweep a
certain part of the floor of the church
and a sanguinary battle ensued be
tween the fathers. Five of the Fran
ciscans were seriously injured. The
Turkish guard which regularly keeps
the peace between the Christians In
this churc-h was overpowered and dis
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher
was originally built after the .Visit ot
Empress Helena to Jerusalem. It is
supposed to mark the spot where th?
body of Jesus lay for three days in the
tomb. It is an ugly building of mixed
architecture, surrounded by a heavy
dome. Many relics, supposed to have
been connected with the crucifixion,
are preserved in the building, and the
place is one of the most interesting
sights in Palestine. The Latin and
Greek Catholics early began their
quarrels over the ri.jht to use the
church. A Turkish guard has been
maintained there for years to keep the
Next to the giants of the Yosemite
Valley, California, the largest trees In
the world are found in Australia. Of
these, a species of the eucalyptus, lo
cally known a.3 the "red gum-tree,"
takes the lead. One of these giant
trees in Gippsland, Victoria, was
felled at a distance of twenty- feet
from the ground. The wood of these
trees is very soft when growing, and
when newly cut down, but hardens
when it is dead. In this tree, while
the wood was still soft, the stump
was hollowed out. openings for doors
and windows were cut, and a roof was
placed upon It. In this way a room
was formed, said to be twenty-five feet
in breadth, and capable of accommoda
ting fifty people. . Religious services
have frequently been held there, the
people for miles around assembling out
of curiosity ; but this curiosity has led
to blessing, and a movement is now
on foot for erecting a substantial
- When Russia presented an ultima
tum to Turkey in 1877, a European
csnference was held. Turkey had not
complied with the stipulations of the
treaty of Paris, and the conference of
1877, acting in the name of the signa
tory powers, made certain demands on
Turkey. If these were not complied
with, Russia was to enforce tne de
mands, and the Turko-Russlan war
At the close of the war, England,
Germany, France, Austria-Hungary,
and Italy intervened in the interest of
Vurkey and compelled. Russia to modi
fy her demands. Tne treaty of Berlin
resulted. This treaty re-enacted the
general clauses of the treaty" of Paris,
declared Roumania, Servla, and Monte
negro independent states, made Bul
garia practically independent, and
made certain stipulations as to reform
in Turkish administration.
At the same time a . treaty was
signed between England and Turkey,
in which the former agreed to defend
the latter against the aggression of
Russia or other European powers." At
that time England, France and Ger
many were united in opposition to
Russian plans for the dismemberment
of Turkey, but as the years passed
there was a gradual shifting of the Eu
ropean powers on the Eastern ques-
Professor Smedley and his assistants
in the department ot child study of the
Chicago public schools are trying to
find out why so many children do not
learn to spell. That they do not is ad
mitted by the fact of the investigation.
And this admission is doubly interest
ing because it comes from Professor
Smedley. Professor Smedley 's investi
gations so far seem to be confined to
physical conditions. He suggests that
improperly fed children have weaker
memories as well as bodies. Defective
eyes are also suggested as another rea
son for bad spelling. The theory is that
the child, not seeing the word correct
ly in the first place, is unable to re
produce it correctly. In this latter the
ory there seems to be a point which
tne lay mind concerned with results,
and observing that the spelling results
of Chicago school training are decid
edly poor, may reflect upon-iwlth prof
it. The old system, by which children
were taught to spell by steady prac
tice in vocal combining of letters into
words, is regarded as very crude and
bad by the apostles of the "new meth
ods." For it has been largely super
seded by what is called "the visual
method," which seems to be that a
child shall first be taught what a word
looks like as a whole and then shall
learn to spell it by taking it to pieces
and trying to put the pieces together
. Abdul Hamil II., Sultan ot Turkey,
who has just conceded the demands
of the French government, thus sav
ing the seizure of Smyrna by th
French ' fleet in the Smyrna Gulf, is
now in the sixtieth year of his life,
and probably a sicker man than evei
before. The sultan's sickness is not
merely metaphorical; it is literaL Foi
years he has been in bad health, and
while he has had to face constant po
litical menace from blustering powers
abroad, he has been threatened witt
assassination and revolution at home
together with all the other evils flow
ing from the despotic form of govern'
meat It is now twenty-five years
since he ascended the throne of his
ancestors, and although he Is the most
execrated monarch on the face of the
globe" he has many warm sympathis
ers and friends among the foreign dip
lomats who have visited his court and
have learned the exasperating trials
of which the sultan is the victim-
It is only within the past few years
that he took to wearing a full beard
Formerly he wore a mustache only.
Rnaln And Great Britain.
Great Britain, in spite of its ill lucl
in South Africa, can still turn to ac
count every moment for looking aftei
its Northwest Indian frontier. There
fore Russia should regard Afghanistai
more attentively and set to work mon
urinnslT with that country, for Grea
J Britain will know when to seize thi
right moment for provoking a quarre
i between the ameer and Russia,-' an
' oii-h a nnarrel would call for the witn
J drawal of Russian troops from pointi
' at which their presence at this momen
ts indispensable. St. Petersburg savei.
The Cbaaees for Hill.
Those political prophets who ths
next day after an election can predict
all the changes which will occur be
fore the next election are now appoint
ing ex-Governor Bennett HIU to th
leadership ol
the N e w
York D e m
ocracy, suc
c e e d i n g
"Boss" Cro
ker's disas
trous malad
ministration. The leader
of the New
York Democ
racy inevita
bly becomes
the National Democratic leader. Un
doubtedly Governor Hill is one of the
mqst astute politicians and statesmen
in the country. Yet it is too early to
select the statesman who shall be in
vited to assume the leadership of the
Democratic party. It may be Hill and
above the Democratic horizon there
now appears no vision of leadership
which he might not realize and filL
But as the future unfolds there will be
many objects to attract the popular at
tention. Next year, after congress ad
journs, elections will be held in forty
states. Governors, with other state
officers, and members of congress will
be chosen. Out of the events of 1902,
not out of the events of 1901. the Dem
ocratic leadership of the future will
be evolved.
la Spootarolar Effects and Jollity it
Takes the Place with the MarOl Gru
of New Orleans and ".the Vailed
Prophets of St. I .on Is.
Every year but one since 1894 Den
ver has held a fall carnival known as
the "Festival of Mountain and Plain."
This event is to Denver what .the
Mardi Gras is to New Orleans, or the
visit of the Veiled Prophet is to St.
Louis. '
The name itself is a suggestion of
the two- classes of people whose- pres
ence and intermingling have served
to make these affairs somewhat more
picturesque and less conventioaal
than similar festivals held in cities
older and farther east the miner and
the cowboy. Yet neither is - any
longer a . "terror" in his association
with the urban and agricultural citi
zens who now largely outnumber all
other classes in the Centennial state.
The principal features of these fes
tivals have generally been about the
same; a grand procession of allegori
cal Coats, civil and military organi
zations, etc., spectacular Illuminated
parade of floats by the "Slaves cf the
Silver Serpent," followed by a fancy
ball; procession of maskers and free
masking on certain streets, followed
by a grand masked ball; Indian
games, "Wild West" performances;
military drills and sham battles. To
these have been added at various
times horse shows, industrial parades,
rock-drilling contests by miners, and
other attractions. Music is provided
by a great number of brass bands
from Colorado and adjoining states.
The attendance from outside of
Denver is large considering the scale
of distances that pertains to the
Rocky Mountain rcgion.where "neigh
boring towns" are those hot more
than two hundred miles apart.
The festival this year, which lasted
four days, surpassed in some respects
any of Its predecessors. Furthermore,
it was a notable success from a finan
cial standpoint, writes a Denver cor
respondent. One of the principal fea
tures that contributed to this result
was the greatly increased size and
elaborate construction and rt namen
tation of the grand stand, or open air
amphitheater in which all the princi
pal exercises were held and through
which all the processions passed. The
structure was made to conveniently
and comfortably seat 11,000 people
and enclosed an area of nearly an
acre, so carefully leveled and tolled
that when spread with canvas it made
a magnificent dancing floor. When
the canvas was taken up there was
room in the arena to display at one
time the whole, or nearly the whole,
of each of the leading features in the
processions. On opposite sides of this
amphitheater were the large and
elaborately decorated pavilion of the
queen of the festival and her maids
of honor and the immense band stand
in which the musicians were placed.
The most popular of all the events
that took place in the day time was
the cowboys' tournament. On this
occasion the enormous seating capa
city of the grand stand was entirely
inadequate and many were unable to
obtain admission after offering, in
some instances, five dollars apiece for
seats. ,
Liberal advertising and the offer of
large sums had collected what was
probably the worst lot of bucking
bronchos and altogether vicious
horses ever brought together in the
Rocky Mountain region. To ride
these, attracted by the championship
belt and five other prizes, as well as
the hope of fame, there was as
sembled as game a, lot of cowboy
rough riders and "broncho busters"
as ever met in any arena. Each drew
by lot the vicious brute he was to ride.
The exhibition of human skill ad
daring matched against equine temper
and violence proved interesting is
the highest degree to the vast audi
ence' of men, women, and' children.
Although some of the horses had to be
roped and thrown before they could
be saddled there was no wanton cruel
ty and brutality. It was simply man
against horse, - and in all but three
cases the man won. Three men only
were thrown, but were not hurt, and
each would have gladly attempted to
retrieve his fortunes by another trial
had the rules permitted. Some of the
riders, while their horses were, buck
ing and plunging like demons, not
only kept their saddles but waved
their hats in salute to the plaudits
of the spectators. -
The masked procession in the after
noon and ball at night of the third
day surpassed anything of the kind
previously attempted. At night the
vast canvas-carpeted arena was cov
ered with thousands of elegantly cos
tumed maskers, who. danced, chatted
atd played merry pranks till the ball
closed. , To the lookers -on the scene
wis dazzling and bewildering. From
oi.e side of the amphitheater could be
seen the great state capitol building
rising near at hand covered with fes
toons of colored lights, and seeming
In the night-confusett perspective an
accessory of the grand stand lllumi
nations, as did also the moon, nearly
at its full, pouring its radiance upon
tha scene from the left of the capitoL
The great society event connected
with the festival was the ball of the
"Slaves and the Silver Serpent" at the
Brown Palace hotel,- where the wives
aid daughters of Colorado . multi
mJlionaire miners and cattle kings,
together with former society leaders
of many eastern cities, whose homes
are now in Denver and Colorado
Si rings, displayed . toilets that could
hardly be eclipsed in New York, Lon-
I don r Paxia. - .
History of the Breed and Son of Its
. Since the entry of the. French-Canadian
cattle in the dairy tests at. the
Pan-American exposition at Buffalo,
many inquiries have been made about
the breed, says the Springfield Repub
lican. In fact, many people thought
that Canada had what might be called
a native breed, like the so-called na
tives of the United States, made up by
cross g the progeny of early importa
tions until it would be difficult to tell
what blood predominates. The" Massa
chusetts Ploughman ' quotes - from a
pamphlet sent out by Dr. J. A. Cou
ture, D. V. S-, of Quebec, secretary oi
the French-Canadian Cattle Breeders
association,, in .which he gives -the his
tory of the breed, and the claim made
for it. He says the French settlers who
first came to' Canada were natives of
Brittany and Normandy, France. The
first cattle in Quebec, in 1620 or there
abouts, were brought, no doubt, from
those two districts. No importations
of other breeds worth mentioning" are
reported in the history of the province
until about 1800 or a little before. Be
tween 1776 and -1850 a few herds of
English cattle, mostly Ayrshire and
Shorthorns, were brought into the
province, but they ?ere bought by
wealthy Englishmen living near Mon
treal and Quebec, where they are still
to be found. They found but little favor
with the French inhabitants in the
poorer region and in the remote parts
along the Laurentides and the lower
part of the St. Lawrence, both north
and south, as they were loth to cross
their hardy little cows with the larger
breeds, fearing, with good reason, that
they could not feed sufficiently to keep
the larger animals alive, to say nothing
of profit, during the seven months of
the winter.' Thus they have been kept
nearly distinct for over 250 years, and
in-and-in breeding has been resorted to
to fix in a sure manner the character
istics of the breed.. The three qualities
claimed for the French-Canadian' are
hardiness, frugality and .richness of
milk. As they are small, -the cows aver
aging about 700 pounds each, they do
not require large amounts of. food. -In
form they are something like the Jer
sey, but in color most frequently a
solid black, or black with brown stripe
on the back and around the muzzle, or
brown with black points, brown brin-
dle, or even yellowish."
A Hesitating- Acceptance.
Not very long ago Mr. and Mrs. Phfl
May were entertaining a large party of
friends, distinguished in the worlds of
literature, art and fashion, and dur
ing the evening there called a visitor
wio made a .very diffident entry.. The
great caricaturist was standing neai
the head of the stairs talking to Lord
Mountmoi res and Lady Edith Frank
lin, when his man intimated that "Mr.
Brown" had called. "Show him in,"
said Mr. May. "He won't come, sir;
he's not in evening dress, and he's
standing in the lobby," replied the ser
vant. Mr. May, who- oft3n cannot fix
the identity of people he knows pretty
well, showed no gleam or recognition
on the mention of "Mr. Brown's" name
but in his usual kind way he went to
the top of the staircase and ushered in
the reluctant visitor, who vainly en
deavored to excuse himself. Address
ing two or 'three distinguished friends
who were standing near, Mr. May de
termined to place the new arrival at
his ease and in the heartiest way said:
"Let me introduce my old friend, Mr.
Brown." The introduction had been
made when Mrs. May hurried to her
husband's side and, almost convulsed
with laughter and embarrassment.
whispered: "Why. Phil, that man is
your tailor; ' he has called about your
riding breeches, and the bill!"
- Gladstone's Idea of Humor.
There is a story that Mr. Gladstone
has often told as illustrating his idea
of what honor should be. "It shows
the very finest humor, as good as any
thing of Sydney Smith," etc. It oc
curred in one of the numerous begging
letters which he was constantly re
ceiving. The writer, to show that his
destitution was no fault of his own,
related that after trying to obtain ev
ery sort of employment, he went so far
as to answer an advertisement for a
clerk in an undertaker's establishment.
On applying at the address at the ap
pointed time, he was shocked as well
as disheartened to find a crowd of
some 100 persons on the same errand
as himself. But -the last and crudest
blow was, as he turned away, to hear
a little street Arab say to his com
panion, "I say. Bill, look, at all them
clerks come to be measured for their
coffins." Hon. Mrs. Goodhart in Nine
teenth Century.
The Orls-innl Woman.
Now, Eye was writing a letter to
her daughter-in-law, who was Cain's
wife, and she asked Adam to get an
other sheet of birch-bark to complete
the missive upon. ' "All right," said
Adam, "but you had better let the trees
get another ten years growth before
you try to write any postscripts."
Baltimore American.
Didn't Got Her Money's 'Worth. -
Clara: "Why. Ethel, what makes
you so blue?" Ethel: "That fortune
teller told me I would be married
twice, and' she told Edna she would
have three husbands. And to think, I
paid for having both our fortunes
told!" Chelsea Gazette. 7
The Last Stas-e.
Thespis: "What does a ' woman do
when she becomes too old to be a bal
let -dancer?" Foyer: "Becomes a child
actress." Judge.
Liberty and duty are inseparable:
terms- It i ought. I can. Kant.
I 'Kansas Notes
Shredded corn stalks is esteemed
quite a table delicacy in the northern
tier of counties.
If the bank' deposits of Saline county
were equally divided, the $1,342,000
would make $78 for every man, wo-
mnm on, ).t1.t I. I. .
MMU UUU LU11U 1U V, W LI U . J .
A Fort Scott woman took the blan
ket off the bed, cut a hole in the center
for her head and produced a raglan
that made all her neighbors wild with
envy. ' s : - ; .
A man in Lawrence advertises in
one of the papers that he will not be
responsible for any more of his wife's
debts "while ' she continues to live
away from his dodlclle."
A woman in Kansas who talked in
cessantly stopped all at once and a
doctor was called in. He found that
corns had formed in her throat and
it was necessary to . cut them away. '
According to the reports received by
Frank Nelson, state superintendent of
public instruction, from ninety-five
out of 105 ounties in the state, there
have been 150 new school-houses built
in Kansas during the last year at an
aggregate estimated cost of $120,000.
Society note in the Wellington
News: The Senior club of the Sumner
county high school met last night at
the home of Miss Bertie Andrews.
After the usual routine of ; business
and study of the life and work of
Raphael, various ' kinds of amuse
ments afforded pleasure for "Hoi
Akademaikoi" until a late hour.
As chairman of the state board of
charities, Henry J. Allen is importuned
for positions by women oftener than
any man in the state. He always ad
vises them to give up the idea of hold
ing public offices and instead, to' learn
the art of housekeeping. "There are
thousands of homes in Kansas," he
says, "where a girl who knows how
to properly cook and sew and make
beds and do. ironing might make $4 to
$5 a week, with board and washing.
The reason why domestic help gets
no better wages is because most of
them are ashamed to become compe
tent in their service. A majority of
girls who seek positions in homes
have not fitted themselves to excel in
the work they seek to do; hence they
do it poorly and get poor wages for
it." .
Mrs. S. C. Cramer was killed at '
Galena by a burglar, who in turn was
killed by Mr. Cramer. " 2
Fred Slusser, of Argentine, the San
ta Fe fireman scalded in the recent
wreck at Osage City, Is dead.
Governor Stanley has paroled John
jeu, sent up irom woodson county tor
manslaughter. Bell is in the last
stages of consumption. 2
Salina is trying to raise money - to
build a bishop's residence before
Hutchinson beats the town to it. If
a suitable mansion is prepared Salina
will be the headquarters for the new '
Episcopal diocese created at the San .
rrancisco convention. 2
W. M. Morgan, sent to prison from
Wyandotte county, has asked for a
parole. He claims to be a victim of
perjury. Odin Slmington, who impli
cated Morgan in robbery, has con
fessed that he perjured himself and
that Morgan had nothing to do with
The prospective quarantine against
Colorado coal on account of the pest
of cinder beetles presents several
complications. The state mine in
spector claims the quarantine comes
within its scope and the geological
survey has word from Washington to
proceed with the work. The railroads,
too. claim the right to appoint the In
spectors, as they are to be paid by
fees collected from the companies.
At Lyons a solid phalanx of bank
ers' daughters who wanted to be car
nival queen were rejected in favor of
Miss Lowry, a telephone girl who
makes only $30 a month, but is as
pretty as a peach.
Barton county is probably no more
untruthful than the other 104, but it
serves as an example: The tax as
sessors reported only $29,366 in cash;
the statements of the banks in the
county shows that the deposits are
$1,823,317.71. - .
Wellington is having almost as
much trouble as Kansas City with its
municipal water plant. The town has
been without water nearly half the
time since the plant was bought, and
now the mayor and council are dig
ging a series of "town wells."
The Armour plant at Emporia em
ploys nineteen men. . That is exactly
the number ot pupils.. with which the
Ilnnsas state normal began business,
and it now has nearly 2,000.
A young woman in Onaga has com
posed an anthem which has been sung
by the choir and pronounced excellent.
An anthem is a hymn that requires
four sheets of music to dispose of
each two lines of verse.
The original "Buffalo Jones," who
died in Saline county last week, was a
member-of the legislature many years
ago. : It was said of him that he repre
sented more square miles of prairie,
fewer people, and more . Buffaloes,,
than any other member.
An Atchison woman set fire to her
dress while smoking a pipe and was
Kansas is still on its way to the
stars. An Eastern man has given $50.
000 to Washburn college to found an
astronomical observatory.
The cost of the new buildings just
contracted for at Fort Leavenworth is
sufficient to have put up 542 houses of
an average cost of $2,000.
- A section ot Butler , county land
which was bought three years ago for
$3 an acre was sold lest week for $11
an acre. The next man who gets it
wUl pay $15. . - .-

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