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hi TWENT Y -THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1,00. WA-KEENEY, KAN.. SATURDAY, DEC. 7, 1901. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. N TIMBER 40. 1st k ii ii 1 1 1 I I II I I III TALMAGE'S SERMON. -THANKSGIVING" THE SUBJECT ON LAST SUNDAY. The Victories of Peace Gold Not th Bos Product Relij-Ion the Tn of XJfe Growth of National Industry Advance In LI term tar. CCopyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch. N. T.) Washington, Nov. 24. This dis course of Dr. Talmage is a national congratulation over the achievements of brain and hand during the past twelve months. The texts are: I Cor inthians lx, 10, "He that ploweth should plow in hope;" Isaiah xii, 7, "He that smootheth with the ham mer;" Judges v, 14, "They that handle the pen of the writer." There is a table being spread across the top of the two great ranges of mountains which ridge this continent, a table which reaches from the Atlan tic to the Pacific sea. It is the Thanks giving table of the nation. They will come from the east and the west and the north and the south and sit at it. On it are smoking the products of all lands, birds of every aviary, cattle from every pasture, fish from every lake, feathered spoils from every farm. The fruit baskets bend down under the products plucked from the peachfields of Maryland, the apple orchards of western New York, the orange groves of Florida, the vine yards of Ohio and the nuts threshed from New England woods. The bread Is white from the wheat fields of Illi nois and Michigan, the banqueters are adorned with California gold, and the table is agleam with Nevada silver, and the feast is warmed with the fire grates heaped up with Pennsylvania coal. The hall is spread with carpets from Lowell mills, and at night the lights will flash from bronzed brackets of Philadelphia manufacture. The fin gers of Massachusetts girls have hung the embroidery, the music is the drumming of ten thousand mills, ac companied by the shout of children let loose for play, and the gladness of the harvesters driving barnward the loads of sheaves, and the thanksgivings of the nation which crowd the celestial gates with doxologies until the oldest harper ot heaven cannot tell where the terrestrial song ends and the celes tial song begins. The Victories of Peacs. For two years and a half this nation has been celebrating the triumph of sword and gun and battery. We have sung martial airs and cheered return ing heroes and sounded the requiem for the slain in battle. Methinks it will be a healthful change if on this year's Thanksgiving in church and homestead we celebrate the victories of the plow, the hammer, and the pen; for nothing was done at Santiago or Manila that was of more importance than that which in the last year has been done in farmer's field and me chanic's shop and author's study by those who never wore an epaulet or shot a Spaniard or went a hundred miles from their own doorsill. Come up farmers, and mechanics and literary men, and get your dues as far as I can pay them. Things have marvelously changed. Time was when the stern edict of gov ernment forbade re'.Igious assemblages. Those who dared to be so unloyal to their king as to acknowledge loyalty to the Head of the Universe were pun - ished. Churches awfully silent in worship suddenly heard their doors swung open and down upon the church aisle a score of muskets thumped as the leaders bade them "Ground arms!" This custom of having the fathers, the husbands, the sons and brothers at the entrance of the pew is a custom which came down . from olden time, when it was absolutely necessary that the father or brother should sit at the end of the church pew fully armed to defend the helpless portion of the fam ily. But now, how changed! Severe penalties are threatened against any one who shall interrupt religious ser vices, and annually, at the command cf the highest official in the United States, we gather together for thanks giving and holy worship. Today I would stir your souls to joyful thanks giving while I speak of the mercies of God and in unconventional way re count the conquests of the plow, the hammer and the pen. Gold Not the Best Prodnet. Piltheus, the king, found some rich gold mines in his province, so he turned all the population to digging the mines. Tillage was neglected, and there came a great famine. One day the wife of the king Invited him to a great banquet, and he came in and sat down, and . there "were pieces of gold la the shape of bread, and pieces ot gold In the shape of biscuits, and pieces of gold In shape of joints of meat, and the king was disgusted, and he said. "I cannot eat this." "Neither can the people," said his wife most suggestively, and then they went back to the tillage. To get an appreciation of what the American plow has accomplished I take you into the western wilderness. Here in the dense forests I find a col lection of India? wigwams. With belts of wampum the men lazily sit on the skins of deer, smoking their feathered calumets; or, driven forth by hunger, I track their moccasins far away as they make the forest echoes crazy with their wild halloo or fish in the waters of the still lake. Now tribes challenge and council fires blaze and warwhoops ring and chiefs lift the tomahawks for battle. After awhile wagons from the Atlantic coast come to those forests. By day trees are felled and by night bonfires keep off the wolves. Log cabins rise and the great trees begin to throw their branches in the path of the conquering white man. Farms are cleared. Stumps, the monuments of slain for ests, crumble and are burned. Villages appear, with smiths at the bellows, masons on the wall, carpenters on the housetop. Churches rise in honor of the Great Spirit whom the red man ig norantly worship. Steamers on the lake convey merchandise to her wharf and carry east the uncounted bushels that have come to the market. Bring hither wreaths of wheat and crowns of rye and let the mills and the machinery of barn and field unite their voices to celebrate the triumph, for the wilderness hath retreated and the plow hath conquered. Religion tbe Tree of Life. Although most of us have nothing directly to do with the tillage of the soil, yet in all our occupations we feel the effect of successful or blighted in dustry. We must, in all our occupa tions, rejoice over the victories of the plow today. The earth was once cursed for man's sake, and occasionally the soil revenges itself on us by refusing a bountiful harvest. I suppose that but for sin the earth would be pro ducing wheat and corn and sweet fruita. as naturally as now it produces mul lein staiks and Canada thistles. There is hardly a hillock between the forests of Maine -and the lagoons of Florida, between the peach orchards of New Jersey and the pines of Oregon, that has not sometimes shown its natural and total depravity. The thorn and thiatle seem to have usurped the soil, and. nothing but the rebellion of the plow can uproot the evil supremacy. But God is good. Now. if one of our seasons partially proves a failure, the earth seems to repent of it the next summer in more munificent supply. Praise God for the great harvests that have been reaped this last year! Some of them, injured by drought or insects or freshets, were not as boun tiful as usual,' others, far in excess of what have ever before been gathered, while higher prices will help make up for any decreased supply. Sure sign of agricultural prosperity we have in the fact that cattle and horses and sheep and swine and all farm animals have during the last two years increased in value. Twenty million swine slaugh tered this last year, and "yet so many hogs left. Enormous paying off of farm mortgages has spoiled the old speeches of the calamity howlers. If the ancients in their festivals present ed their rejoicings before Ceres, the goddess of corn and tillage, shall we neglect to rejoice in the present of the great God now? From Atlantic to Pacific let the American nation cele brate the victories of the plow. Growth of National Industry. Railroads of fabulous- length have been completed, over which western trains rush past the swift footed deer, making tbe frightened birds to dart into the heavens at the cough of the smoke pipes and the savage yell of the steam whistle. In hot haste our national industry advances, her breath the air of ten thousand furnaces, her song the song of uncounted factories, her footstep the flash of wheel buck ets and the tread of the shaft and the stamp of foundries. Talk about antediluvian longevity. I think the average of human life is more now than it ever was. Through mechani cal facilities men work so much faster and accomplish so mush more in a life time that a man can afford to die now at forty as well as one of old at 900. I think the average of human life in point of accomplishment is now equiv alent to about 800 years, as near as I can calculate it. In all our occupa tions and professions we feel the ef fect of a crippled or enlarged me chanical enterprise. We all have stock in every house that is builded and in every public conveyance that is con structed and in every ship that is sailed. When we see the hardworking men of the land living in comfortable abodes, with luxuries upon their tables that once even kings could not afford, having the advantage of thorough ed ucation, of accomplishment and art, we are all ready at this season to unite with them in praise to God for his goodness. : You shall yet Bee American labor rising up with a stronger arm and. a stouter heart and a swarthier frame. New cities will be built. Commerce on the lakes , will take new wings. Where now stand unbroken forests great capitals of. business and affluence will rise and streams that have idled away 6,000 years will be harnessed to to toil and sweat like the Chattahoo chee and the Merrimac At one of our great dry docks we shall yet build the model .ocean steamship. It will come toa-ethcr under the chorus of a thou sand American hammers. She wil . start amid a great national hurrah mat move far1 out at sea aa though an is land had been nnanchored with iti forests of masts, or aa if some one hai said in Scripture phrase unto a moun tain, "Be thou cast into the sea." The volcano in her heart will sprinkle on the sea a baptism of fire, and as sh goes up the channel of St. George, among the shipyards of the old world and among the wheels of Liverpool and. Manchester shall be announced the skill and the glory of the American hammer. Advance In LI term tare. But, considering the youth of our nation and the fact that compara tively few persons devote themselves entirely to literature. I think we have great reason to thank God for the progress of our American literature. As historians have we not had in the past such men-as Bancroft and Pres cott. as essayists Irving and Emerson, as jurists Story and Marshall and Kent, as theologians Edwards and Hodge, as poets Pierrepont and Sprague and Longfellow and Bryant, as sculptors Powers and Crawford and Palmer, as painters such men as West and Cole and Inman and Kensett? And among the living Americans what gal axies of intellectual splendor and power! Edward Eggleston and Will Carlton and Mark Twain and John Kendrick Bangs and Marion Harland and Margaret Sangster and Stockton and Churchill and Hopkinson Smith and Irving Bacheller and Julia Ward Howe and Amelia Barr and Brander Matthews and Thomas Nelson Page and Elizabeth Stuart Phelps and Wil liam Dean Howells and a seore of oth ers, some of them fixed stars and some meteors. Some Marvelous Changes. How things have marvelously changed! We used to cry because we had to go to school. Now children cry if they cannot go. Many of them can intelligently discuss political top ics long before they have seen a bal lot box or, teased by some poetic muse, can compose articles for the newspa pers. Philosophy and astronomy and chemistry have been so improved that he must be a genius at dullness who knows nothing about them. On one shelf of a poor man's library is moru practical knowledge than in the 400, 000 volumes of ancient Alexandria, and education is possible for the most indigent, and no legislature or con gress for the last fifty years has as sembled which has not had in it rail splitters and farmers and drovers oi men who have been accustomed to toiling with the hand and the foot. The pen which Moses dipped in the light of the first morning and Jere miah filled with tears and Ezekiel thrust in visions of fire and Matthew touched with the blood of a cross and St. John dipped in the splendors of beatific glory that pen ha3 wrought marvels for all classes of our people. Today your libraries and colleges and schools and publishing houses and churches celebrate the ever growing conquests of the American pen, and our prospect3 are all the time bright ening. The Glorious Prospects. The grainfields have passed their harvests above the veto of drought and deluge. The freight cars are not large enough to bring down the grain to the seaboard. The canalboats are crowded with breadstuffs. Hark to the rushing of the wheat through the great Chicago corn elevators! Hark to the rolling of the hogsheads of the Cin cinnati pork packers! Enough to eat and at low prices. Enough to wear and of home manufacture. If some have and some have not, then may God help those who have to hand over to those who have not! Clear the track for the rail trains that rush on bringing the wheat and the cotton and the rice and the barley and the oats and the hops and the lumber and the leather and everything for man and everything for beast. Lift up your eyes, O nation of God's right hand, at the glorious prospects! Build larger your barns for the har vests. Dig deeper the vats for the spoil of the vineyards. Enlarge the ware houses for the merchandise. Multiply galleries of art for the pictures and statues. Advance, O nation of God's right hand, but remember that nation al wealth, if unsanctified, is sumptu ous waste, is moral ruin. Is magnifi cent woe, is splendid rottenness, is gilded death. Woe to ns for the wine vats if drunkenness wallows in them! Woe to us for the harvest if greed sickles them! Woe to us for the mer chandise if avarice swallows it! Woe to us for the cities if misrule walks them! Woe to the land if God defy ing crime debauches it! Our only safety is in more Bibles, more church es, more free schools, more good men and more good women, more conse crated printing presses, more of the glorious gospel of the Son of God, which will yet extirpate all wrongs and introduce all blessedness. Russia In Asia. Russia's Asiatic possessions are three times as large as the British, but have only 25,000,000 people as compared with 297.000,000 under British rule. DAIRY AND POULTRY. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR i ; . . RURAL READERS. Vow Successful "Fanners Operate This Department of the Parma A Pew - Bints as to the Care of Un Stock and Poultry. TsUfssT and Variation. (From the Farmers' Review.) It is quite a common thing to hear stockmen claim that where a female has been bred to a male of alien blood as for instance where a Poland-China bow is bred to a Berkshire boar, or a purebred sow of any breed by accident to a scrub boar she will ever after wards be influenced by that service and "taint" or "infect" her future pro geny with some of the characteristics of the alien boar to which she was for merly bred. We have even heard breed ers go farther than this and actually claim that where a purebred, boar of any particular breed had been allowed to mate with a sow of scrub or non descript blood that he would be tainted for all time and propagate in future matings with sows of .his own pure breed some of the undesirable charac teristics of his alien mate. These ideas are antequated and erroneous. The first idea has been termed "telegony." by . which we mean the alleged in fluence of a previous alien mate upon a purebred female's future progeny to the service of a purebred mate of her own breed. This theory has still many followers but that is because they are ignorant of facts which have been proved of recent years and show con clusively that the theory is erroneous. The most extended and careful experi ments have been made by Prof. J. Cos Bar Ewart of Scotland to prove or dis prove this theory. Year after year he mated mares with zebras and the hy brid progeny showed all the marked stripes and colors of the zebra. When, however, the mare that had one year given birth to a hybrid zebra was the next season mated with a male of her own blood and breed she did not pro duce a hybrid foal or one that showed the slightest trace of zebra character istics. The foal was invariably true to the breed characteristics of the sire and dam not to the characteristics of the previous zebra mate. This was proved over and over again and not one single case of "infection" or "taint" has been noted to date nor is it likely to occur. It need scarcely be add ed that the mating of the zebra male with the domesticated mare had no after effect In changing the type and characteristics of his pure bred zebra offspring. Nothing could be more strong In prepotency than the zebra. There have been no admixtures or blood in his production. He breeds true to his type every time. There are no "sports" or examples of "atavism" (throwing back to the characteristics of a remote ancestor) in his history and breed. His stripes are fixed quan tities and features so to speak and hence would be stamped upon his do mestic mate if anything of tue sort could be so stamped, but such has not proved to be the case. This being so it becomes very apparent that there would be far less possibility of such "infection" of the female when bred to a sire of - different breed but do mestic origin. It cannot be denied that far back in the foundation of crosses of each modern breed of animals simi lar blood has been used, or that present progeny does not occasionally "hark back" to some ancient ancestor used to effect the formation of a pure breea. That harking back is atavism in cases where there is a very marked depar ture from the parental type or color to a known ancestor of that type or color; and the variation when present progeny do not accord with either pa rent in type, color, characteristics or any other particular. Such variation is to be looked for at all times. It is liable to occur in - every breed. It is usually the true explanation of cases considered corroborative of the erron eous theory of telegony. It is an in fluence In breeding which cannot be controlled absolutely yet explains some of the strangest vagaries in the mat ing of animals. Variation is seen in short time when a breed of swine pro duced by selection, proper environ ment and generous feeding is - for a generation or too ill housed, poorly fed and inbred. The established type may be largely lost but this is varia tion from the original type and rever sion to the more ancient type of the scrub ancestors. Variation is either backward or forward according to cir cumstances. Variation toward . im provement Is possible where a con tinued effort is made tons: better sires and dams each year, and to feed and shelter better. Neglect in these mat ters may as speedily make a breed or herd retrogress. Taktea- Composite Milk Sample. Provide a pint or quart jar or bottle for each patron. Label each bottle with a number, giving the same num ber to a patron on the milk recording sheet. Composite test sample bottles made for this purpose, with a tin cover and numbered brass tag wired to the neck of each bottle, can be obtained of creamery supply firms. These sample bottles should be placed on shelves within easy reach of the weigh can and protected from the light. r A preservative is put into each clean bottle to keep the milk! from souring until testing day. Pulverised potas sium bichromate, corrosive sublimate, borax or preservaline can be used for this purpose. Some of these preserva tives are put up in tablet form, each tablet containing the necessary amount to use in one sample. After each lot of milk is poured into the factory weigh can, a small amount of it is dipped from the can and poured into the prop er sample bottle. These samples are usually taken with a small 1 oz. tin dipper, a sampling tube, or from a drip in the conductor spout. Each lot of milk sampled must be sweet, containing no clots, lumps of curdled milk or small butter granules. The sample should be taken just as soon as the milk Is weighed, and while it is evenly mixed. Continue adding a sample of each patron's milk to his particular jar every time he delivers milk for a week or ten days, then test this composite sample. The composite sample jars should be kept covered to prevent loss by evaporation, and in a cool, dark place. Every time a new portion of milk is added to the jar it should" be given., a horizontal rotary motion, to mix the cream already formed in the jar with the milk, and to rinse off the cream sticking to its side. Unless this is done every time fresh portions of milk are added to the jar, the cream on the milk . becomes lumpy and sticks in patches to the side of the jar, thus making it nearly im possible to evenly distribute this cream through the entire sample. Composite samples having patches of dried cream on the inside of the jar are the result of carelessness or ignorance on the part of the operator. The test of the composite sample takes the place of a separate daily test and gives accurate information regarding the average quality of the milk deliv ered by each patron during the period of sampling. The weight of butter fat which each patron brought to the fac tory In his milk during this time is ob tained by multiplying the total weight of milk delivered during the sampling period by the test of tbe composite sample, divided" by 100. Wisconsin Experiment Station. "Irn-To" Poultry House. We show here a poultry house of the "lean-to" variety. It is probably one of the cheapest kind that can be built, as the barn forms one side of It- Some have objected to poultry houses being near the barn on account of the as sumed danger of lice getting onto the farm animals. But poultry houses should have the walls so constructed that mites and lice cannot find a har- Vv Ski bor In them, much less penetrate them. The one here shown indicates only the most simple construction, and evident ly contains two separate apartments for fowls. The yard is neat in appear ance, but of moderate cost. It will be noticed that lights apparently exist on three sides. If the barn be so situated that this poultry house can be built against the southern side, considerable loss of heat will be saved from the blowing of the north winds. Farmers' Review. A Backset la New Jersey. New Jersey, whose government is largely supported by . revenues de rived from trusts that cannot incor porate in other states has . dealt a heavy blow to the cause of pure food. A Dairy and Pure Food Commission has been operating there for several years, but it is declared by the friends of honest butter, little has been done in the wr' of protecting the people against adulterated foods. Now a new law,' abolishing the commission, has gone into effect and the matter of pure foods and drinks Is turned over to the state board of health, which of course has all it can do in its legitimate field of operations. Just now it is said to be spending its energies investigating bottled water. Farmers Review, i. Not long ago a man made the re mark to the writer that "without doubt most of the food sold as butter is oleomargarine." The writer replied that he was most certainly mistaken, as the amount of butter made is great ly in excess of. the counterfeit. Last year there was made in this country not less than 1,400.000,000 pounds of butter and about 100,000,000 pounds ot oleomargarine.. This means fourteen times as much honest butter as of the bogus article.. It Is a part of my religion never to hurt any man's feelings. W. D. How. ard. . ... Poultry" Briars. (From the Farmers' Review.) ' Poultry raising is a utilizer of waste labor. Especially is this the case with people that have work but part ot the time. .The writer knows many people whose lives have been spent largely in waiting for jobs to turn up, and yet never stopped to think that , their waste time could be utilized to good advantage by having some thing like poultry raising on which to fall back. This is true many times with people living on the farm. One cause of non success in many cases is that the farm er about kills himself with work at one time of year and has nothing to do the rest of the time. No man liv ing in the city, or, at least, no business man iepending on his labor for an in come, would think it possible to suc ceed without occupying his time very fully. Many a young man or young woman on the farm might in a few years make enough money to give themselves a college education, would they but devote their spare time to poultry culture. see Turkey raising is a business of which the farmer has a monopoly. We know of no person in the cities that has made a success of turkey raising, for the reason that free range is there impossible. As yet the Instinct to roam has not been bred out Of the turkey. This largely accounts for the fact that turkey meat Is generally higher in price than the meat of any other kind of fowls. Since the farmer has a monopoly of the business, it is one that should receive his closest at tention. As yet turkey breeding' for characteristics is only in its infancy. We imagine that the annual yield of eggs can be very greatly Increased by careful selection of the best . laying strains. Perhaps some one may even find a strain of turkeys that will pro duce eggs from which the poults will stand being reared in a brooder. e e e Some of the men that make a busi ness of rearing chicks for broilers do so without ever having the care of hens. They depend entirely on eggs purchased from others. They claim to be more careful to exclude the hen from their brooder establishments than even the prowling animals that like to feed on chicks. The objection to the hen is that she brings lice with' her, and the lice once Introduced are almost impossible to exterminate. This fact of the persistence of lice is one well known to poultry raisers. A sin gle louse may be the progenitor of mil lions in a short time and their very multitudes and high rate of increase make them almost invincible. Inspection of Export lalry Products. The act of Congress making appro priations for the U. S. department of agriculture for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1902, contains the following paragraph in the section relating te the general work of the bureau of ani mal industry: Provided, That the secretary of ag riculture may construe the provisions of the act of March 3, 1891, as amend ed March 2, 1895; for the inspection of live cattle and products thereof, to in clude dairy products intended for ex portation to any foreign country, and may apply,- under rules and regula tions to be prescribed by him, the pro visions of said act for inspection and certification appropriate for ascertain ing the purity and quality of such products, and may cause the same to be so marked, stamped or labeled as to secure their Identity and -make known In the markets of foreign countries to which they may be sent from the United States, their purity, quality and grade; and all the pro visions of said act relating to live cat tle and products thereof for export shall apply to dairy products so in spected and certified. Discretionary authority is thus giv en to the secretary of agriculture to inaugurate and regulate this. new In spection service, says the American, discretion. Secretary Wilson , has de cided to make a beginning in , the cus toms districts ot Boston, New York, Chicago and San Francisco. " - Dairy Temperament. By "Dairy Temperament" is meant a Rt roTifir . overruling nre-disnositlon or tendency to turn the consumption of food towards the production ot milk with a high content of solids, espe cially butter tat, as against the con stitutional tendency so often seen to turn food into flesh.. ' Even in the strongest dairy breeds there are more or less frequent out-crops in male and female of the flesh -making tempera ment. To breed from such animals, while we are striving to establish a prepotent dairy temperament or tend ency, is not wise. . All cattle bred spe cifically for dairy purposes should pos sess a clear and decided dairy tempera ment, for it is that quality of character we most desire to establish, enlarge and perpetuate in the Guernsey cow. This is especially indicated by the shape of tbe head. showing brain ca pacity, wide muzzle, open nostrils, full bright eyes, feminine neck, and a con struction ot the back bone indicating a strong flow of nerve power and sup port from the brain to all of the mater nal oreans. W. H. Caldwell.