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III! I I ax. TWENTY-THIRD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN.. SATURDAY, DEC. 14, 1901. H.S.GIVLER, Prop. NUMBER 41. r FARM AND GARDEN. MATTERS OF. INTEREST TO AGRI- ! CULTURISTS. Some Up-to-Date Hints About Culti vation of the Soil mud Yield. Thereof Horticulture, Viticulture and Floriculture. lCastern and Western Vrult Crowlnr- Professor L. II- Bailey In the val leys of California we see the best til lage there is on the American conti nent. This is necessary for the preser vation of moisture during the summer months. Rain is not wanted there dur ing the summer from May to Septem ber. While I was there I heard men express fear lest it should rain, which - would do great damage, interfering with the gathering and drying of fruits. So they want the drouth and have to prepare for it. By careful cultivation in the spring and summer they con serve their winter and spring rainfall and hold enough moisture through the summer to meet all necessities of the plants. The large fruits grown in California are not the best onec they have, by any means, though they lika to show them. It is an inspiration to go to he Pa cific coast. The farmsrs there hav accomplished more in a generation than we of the East have in two cen turies. They have met great obstacles and have overcome them, and have developed a horticulture that Is the wonder of the world. I believe, however, that for the fruit grower with small capital there is more opportunity in the East than in California, where a man has to have large capital and do things on a large scale to succeed. On the Pacific coast there are many fruit growers that grow each only a single kind of fruit and concentrate their at tention on that alone. People are doing well In both sections of country. Fruit growing is not so much a matter of climate, of soil or of geography as of the man. Californlans are . better cultivators than are we, and they are no less suc cessful in the disposing of theirruit. - They have formed co-eperativeasso-tiatioua for iue disposal of ttreh- fruit, and these associations have been very successful. The Californians seem to be less suspicious of each other than are the people east of the Rocky Moun tains. They have been forced to co operate by circumstances. Their local market is insignificant and the bulk of the fruit must be disposed of in places hundreds or even thousands of miles away. It is, therefore, necessary to ship in car-load lots, and they have to combine with others to make up large consignments. The individuals can not afford to seek the distant markets and are, therefore, forced to unite their efforts. Where special fruits are grown for special markets, as in the New Eng . land states, co-operation will not amount to anything; but where fruit growing is not thus specialized, but where large quantities of a few kinds are produced, co-operation in selling will be effective. As yet the greater part of California is undeveloped and is sure to become in the future a great fruit-growing region. Reclamation of Mm-nh Lmn4. Within the last few years the recla mation of marsh lands has assumed considerable importance as a subject for discussion in some parts of the country. In European countries this work began long ago, and to-day some of the most valuable land in those countries is. that once deemed worth less. In England more than 1.000,000 acres of fen land has been reclaimed and rendered productive. In Holland, as most of our readers know, the reclamation of the marshes was prac tically complete many years ago, and since that time the direction of work in this particular has been the dam ming and pumping out of lakes of con siderable size. Just now the authori ties there are planning to dam and pump out the Zuider Zee. Belgium. Denmark and Germany have all done much in the line of marsh reclamation. In the United States up to this time there has been such an abundance of .good land that could be had at a low price that the people have felt no ne cessity for the recovery from a state of nature of the millions of acres of rich land lying along the courses of rivers, about the borders of lakes and on the rims of the oceans. The in creasing price of land, however, has brought the subject before the people, and it is likely to remain there. The marsh lands are nearly always lands that are both very rich and admirably suited to cultivation, when the water has once been removed from them. The rich people are beginning to see in the purchase and reclamation of marsh lands a good investment for their money. Professor N. S. Shaler, of Harvard University, asserts that be tween New York and Portland, Maine, the marsH lands along the Atlantic seaboard amount to 200,000 acres, and that every acre of this land, if made tillable, is worth $200 in the market, roakir-g a total value of $40,000,000. The cost of reclamation he puts at one fifth of this sum. What i true of the region mentioned Is also true of the rest of the country, but In a lesser de gree. Incidentally it may be men tioned that the elimination of the marshes means the destruction of the mosquito, an insect that is now known to be the principal medium by which malarial fever, yellow fever and many other diseases are spread. Great Producers of Corn and WhMir, This table, compiled by P. D. Co burn, the secretary of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, from the Govern ment Year Books, gives by states, ac cording to their rank, the total com bined value of wheat and corn raised in each of the leading fifteen states, in the five-year period beginning with 1896 and ending with 1900: Value of Wheat State. Rank, and Corn. Kansas 1 $378,433,347 Illinois 2 361.fi30.618 Iowa 3 330,791.771 Nebraska 4 301,419,923 Missouri 5 275,961,983 Indiana 6 258,562,008 Ohio 7 252,763.713 Minnesota 8 226,883,967 Texas 9 182,489.833 Pennsylvania 10 168,518,387 Tennessee 11 155,085,808 Kentucky 12 - 153,204,900 Michigan 13 123,979,189 South Dakota 14 117,789,270 California 15 115,315,266 Bervsr - Weed (Deemodlnm Tortnosum). This is an erect, leguminous annual, with a woody stalk. It grows three to ten feet high and has an abundance of leaves above. When in flower it is tipped with a much , branched, erect panicle, the lower branches of which are eight to ten inches long. The seeds are borne in pods that are many-joint- rtGT BEGGAR WHEW, ed and prickly. These break apart at maturity and the seeds are distributed by sticking to the bodies of animals or the clothing of people. The plant is hairy throughout and has tripoliate leaves, the obliquely rhomboid leaflets being two to four inches long. It is a sub-tropical species, native of the West Indies and possibly of southern Florida. It is adapted to cultivation either as forage or for soil renovation in sub-tropical regions. It has proved to be of little value as far north as Dakota, though some experiments have been made with it at the South Da kota Experiment Station. The follow ing analysis shows that it possesses a high nutritive value: Air-dry sub stance: water, 5.46; ash, 7.20; ether extract, 1.63; crude fibre, 38.77; crude protein, 12.56; nitrogen-free extract, 34.38. Total nitrogen, 2.01. Albumi noid nitrogen, 1.77. Farmers' Review. Kunery Inspection. In many of our states at the pres ent time laws exist requiring the in spection of all nurseries by officials connected with the office of the state entomologist. Buyers of fruit trees should note the fact that suci inspec tions are not sufficiently rigid to make them guarantees of the freedom from insects and fungous diseases of stock from the inspected nurseries. The en tomologists claim that an inspection to be really effec ve must include the close scrutiny of every tree In the nursery, which it is manifestly Impos sible to have in the few hours devoted to inspection. The number of Indlvi. ucl trees often runs np into the thou sands, making a close examination of each one impracticable. But for all this, the inspection is valuable, as the inspectors have a chance of finding orchard pests if they exist there. This possibility acts as an incentive to the nurseryman to do much inspecting himself previous to the visit of the official inspector. The purchasers of nursery slock should, however. In form themselves on the Insects and fungi and do some Inspecting on their own account. Let anyone that doubts the high value of selection look at our fine races of cabbages, kales, cauliflowers. Kohlrabi and rutabagas, and compare them with the wild cabbage of the western shores of Europe. . Inporta of Haw M.terlaL American manufacturers are evi dently quite as busy In 1901 as they were in 1900. At least this is a reason able conclusion from an examination of the figures of the Treasury Bureau of Statistics, which show that the to tal imports of manufacturers' mate rials in the nine months ending with September. 1901. were greater in value than those . of the corresponding months of last' year, although an analysis of the imports, article by ar ticle, shows that In many cases th prices per unit of quantity have de creased. This decrease in price is sc strongly marked that in many case while the figures of value show a de crease In the nine months of 1901, a compared with those of 1900, the fig ures of quantity for the same period show an increase. For instance, im ports of India rubber when measured by value show' a slight reduction In 1901 as compared with 1900, while the quantity imported in 1901 shows an increase of more than 5,000,000 pounds as compared with the same months ol 1900. Pig tin, used In manufacturing tin plate, shows in value a slight re duction in the imports of 1901 as com pared with last year, but in quantity there is an increase of over 2,000,00(1 pounds. Imports of unmanufactured fibers show a decrease of more than $2,000,000 in value as compared with those of 1900, yet the quantity shows a material increase. Taking the grand total of value cf imports of raw ma terials for use in manufacturing, the imports in the nine months of 1901 compared with those of 1900 were: Fox 1901, $221,469,984; for 1900, $217,619,372 ; while in the month of September alone the figures of the month In 1901 are $22,725,325. against $18,505,980 in September 1900 a marked increase. They formed in September, 1901, 34 per cent of the total imports, against 31 per cent of the total imports in Sep tember, 1900. ' Potatoes In the British Isle. The British Islands may yet become a good market for American-grown po tatoes. Until, recently the United Kingdom has produced enough tubers fov its own use, but signs are not want in?; that a change In this matter is taking place. For the last ten years only about I per cent of the potato supplies have been imported, and these have come mainly from the Channel Islands. During the last three years the supplies of foreign potatoes on the English market have increased to 9 per cent. The yield per acre, as well as the total yields of potatoes in Great Britain and Ireland, will prove of in terest to American farmers. Hence we reproduce the following table from an English source: Tons per Total Years acre. tons. 1891 4.74 6,090,047 1892 4.45 5,633,254 1893 -5.25 6,540,593 1894 3.82 4,662,147 1895 5.64 7,064,634 1896 4.93 6.263,235 1897 3.47 4,106,609 1898 - ...5.23 6.224,780 1899 4.82 6,837,008 1900 .. ..3.77 4,576,812 1901 4.50 5,400,000 The average per acre yield for the first ten years was 4.61 tons, and the average total yield was 5,699.981. The figures for 1901 are only the estimates by men versed in potato statistics. Al though Ireland is famed for potatoes, yet the per acre yield of potatoes in Ireland is only 3.67 tons, against E.96 tons in England. With improved trans portation facilities we may yet largely supply the English potato market. , Corn Handling; Machinery The introduction of corn-handling machinery is resulting in a great sav ing to the farmers. of the country. In the past no other crop has been so ex tensively wasted as the corn crop and for many years farm papers have been urging farmers to change their waste ful methods in that regard. Now at last a change Is apparent and the stover as well as the grain of the corn plant is being looked after. The sav ing is being helped by the use of sever all kinds of machinery, among which we mention corn harvesters, corn shredders and silage cutters. It is re ported that not less than 35,000 corn harvesters will have been sold before the close of the year, while the esti mated sale of corn shredders Is put at 8,000. Some of these latter machines are large affairs, costing hundreds of dollars each, and do the work on many farms, being operated after the manner of the steam threshers. As a result, corn stover Is being made Into hay In stead of being left in the fields to go to waste. The keeping of the shredded material has been something of a prob lem in the past, but is now being solved to the satisfaction of the farmer and stock feeder. Mrs. Laura A. Alderman of Hurley, South Dakota, owns and cares for one of the largest apple orchards in that stF-tc It contains 130 acres and from 8,ooo to 10,000 bushels are gathered each year. Her father was closely re lated to Colonel Ethan Allen, of Vermont. TALMAGE'S SERMON. LAST SUNDAY'S , DISCOURSE .ON SIGNIFICANCE OF DREAMS. Text: Joet II., 2S Revelations of the Scriptures All - Sufficient Waking; Thoughts Have Their Echo In Sleeping Tbonrhti Some Notable Conversions. Copyright. 1901. by Louis Klopsch. N. Y.) Washington,- Dec. 1. In this dis course Dr. Talmage discusses a much talked of subject, and one in which all are interested. The text is Joel ii., 28, "I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; your old men shall dream dreams, ' your young men shall see visions." In " this photograph of the millen nium the dream is lifted into great conspicuity. We all admit that God in ancient times and under Bible dispen sation addressed the people through dreams. The question now is, does God appear in our day and reveal him self through dreams? You ask me if I believe in dreams. My answer is, 1 do, but all I have to say will be under five heads. Remark the i? irst. The Scriptures are so full of revelations from God that if we get no communication from him in dream's we ought, nevertheless, to be satisfied. With twenty guidebooks to tell you how to get" to New York or Pittsburg or London or Glasgow or Manchester, do you want a night vision to tell you how to make the. journey? We have in this Scripture full direction in regard to the journey of this life and how to get to the celestial city, and with this graid guidebook, this magnificent di rectory, we ought to be satisfied. I have. more faith in a decision to which I come when I am wide awake than when I am sound asleep. I have no ticed that those who give a great deal of their time to studying dreams get their brains addled. They are very anxious to remember what they dreamed about the first night they slept in a new house. If in their dream they take the hand of a corpse, they are going to die. If they dream of a garden, it means a sepulcher. If some thing turns out according to a night vision they say: "Well, I am not sur ! prised. I dreamed it." If it turns out i different from the night vision, they ! say, "Well, dreams go by contraries." ' In their efforts to put their drams into rhythm they put their waking thoughts into discord. Now the Bible is so full of revelation that we ought to be satis fied if we get no further revelation. Sound sleep received great honor when Adam slept so extraordinarily that the surgical incision which gave him Eve did not wake him, but there , is no such need ' for extraordinary . slumber now. No need of a dream like that which encouraged Gideon, for all I through Christendom it is announced and acknowledged and demonstrated tht righteousness, sooner or later, will get the victory. If there should come about a crisis in your life upon which the Bible does not seem to be sufficiently specific, go to God in prayer and you will get es pecial direction. I have more faith, ninety-nine times out of a hundred, in directions given you with the Bible in your lap and your thoughts uplifted in prayer to God, than in all the Informa tion you will get unconscious on your pillow. Remark the Second. All dreams have an important meaning. . They prove that the soul is comparatively independent of the body.. Every dream, whether agreeable or harassing, wheth er sunshiny or tempestuous, means so much that, rising from your couch, you ought to kneel down and say: "O God, am I immortal? .Whence? Whither? Two natures. My soul caged now1 what when the door of the cage is opened? If my soul can fly so far in the few hours in which my body is asleep in the night, how far can it Sy when my body sleeps the long sleep of the grave?" Oh, this power to dream, how startling, how overwhelming! Im mortal, immortal! ' Remark the Third. The vast major ity of dreams are merely the result of disturbed physical condition and are not a supernatural message. Anything that you see while under the influence of chloral or brandy or hasheesh or laudanum is not a revelation from God. The learned De Quincey did not ascribe to divine communication what he saw in sleep, opium saturated. Do not mistake narcotic disturbance for divine revelation. But I have to tell yon that the majority of the dreams are" merely the penalty of outraged di gestive organs, and you have no right to mistake the nightmare for heavenly revelation. Late suppers are a 'war ranty deed for bad dreams. The world will not be evangelized until we get rid of a dyspeptic Christianity. Healthy people want a religion that lives regularly by day and sleeps soundly by -night. If througn trouble or coming on of old age or exhaustion of Christian,'' service you cannot sleep well, then you may expect from God "songs In the night." but there are no blessed communications to those who willingly surrender to indigestibles. Another remark I make is that our dreams are apt to be merely the .echo of our daytime thoughts. I will give you a recipe for pleasant dreams. Fill your days with elevated thought and unselfish action, and your dreams will be set to music If all day you - are gouging and grasping and avaricious in your dreams you will see gold that you cannot clutch and bargains in which you were out-Shylocked.- If during the day you are irascible and pugnacious and gunpowdery of dis position, you will at night have battle with enemies In which they will get the best of you. If you are all day long in a hurry, at night you will dream of rail trains that you want to catch, while you cannot move one inch toward the depot. If you are always oversuspicious and expectant of assault, you will have at night hal lucinations of assassins with daggers drawn. The scholar's dream is a philosophic echo. The poet's dream is a rhythmic echo. Coleridge composed his "Kubla Khan" asleep in a narcotic dream and, waking up, wrote down 300 lines of it. Tartinla, the violin player, composed his most wonderful sonata while asleep in a dream so vivid that, wak ing, he easily transferred it to paper. Waking thoughts have their echo in sleeping thoughts. If a man spend his life In trying to make others happy and is heavily minded, around his pil low he will see cripples who have got over their crutch and processions of celestial imperials and hear the grand march roll down from drums of heav en over jasper parapets. You are very apt to hear in dreams what you hear when you are wide awake. Now, having shown you that, having a Bible, we ought to be satisfied not getting any further communication from God, and having shown you that all dreams have an important mission since they, show the comparative inde pendence of the soul from the body, and having shown you that a majority of dreams ' are the result of disturbed physical conditions, and having shown you that our sleeping thoughts are apt to be an echo of our waking thoughts, I come now to my fifth and most important .remark, and that is to say that it is capable of proof that God does sometimes in our day and has often since the close of the Bible dispensation appeared to people in dreams. All dreams that make you better are from God. How do I know it? Is not God the source of all good? It does not take a very logical mind to argue that out. Tertullian and Martin Luther believed in dreams. The dreams of John Huss are immortal. St. Augustine, the Christian father, gives us the fact that a Carthaginian physician was persuaded of the immor tality of the soul by an argument which he heard in a dream. The night before his 'assassination the wife of Julius Caesar dreamed that her hus band fell dead across her lap. It is possible to prove that God does appear In dreams to warn, to. convert and to save men. My friend, a retired sea captain and a Christian, tells me that one night while on the. sea he dreamed that a ship's crew were in great suffering. Waking from his dream, he put about the ship, tacked in different directions, surprised everybody on his vessel they thought he was going crazy sailed on in an other direction hour after hour and for many hours until he came to the perishing crew and rescued them and brought them to New York. Who con ducted that dream? The God of the sea. . ... The Rev. Dr. Bushnell In his mar velous book entitled "Nature and ' the Supernatural" gives the following fact that he got from Captain Yount. In California, a fact confirmed by many families: Captain Yount dreamed twice one night that 150 miles away there was a company of travelers fast in the snow. He also saw in the dream rocks of a peculiar formation, and, telling this dream to an old hunt er, the hunter said: "Why, I remem ber those rocks. Those rocks are in the Carson valley pass, 150 miles away. Captain Yount, impelled by this dream, although laughed at by his neighbors, gathered men together took mules and blankets and started out on the expedition, traveled 150 miles, saw those very rocks which he had described, in his dream, found the suffering ones at the foot of those rocks and brought them back to con firm the story of Captain Yount. Who conducted that dream? The God of the snow, the God of the Sierra Nevadas. God has often appeared in resource and comfort. You have known people perhaps It is something I state in your own experience you have seen people go to sleep with bereavements inconsolable, and they awakened in perfect resignation because of what they had seen in slumber. Dr. Cran age, one of the most remarkable men I ever met remarkable for benevo lence mid great philanthropies at Wellington, England, showed ( me a house where the Lord had appeared In a wonderful dream to a poor wo man. The woman was Theumatic, sick. poor to the last point of destitution. She was waited on and cared for by another poor woman, her only at tendant. Word came to her one day that this poor woman had died, and ' the invalid of whom I am speaking lay helpless upon the couch, wonder ing what would become of her. In that mood she fell asleep. In her dreams she said the angel of the Lord appeared and took her into the opera air and pointed in one direction, and there were mountains of bread, and pointed in another direction, and there were mountains of butter, and pointed in another direction, and there were mountains of -all kinds of worldly supply. The angel of the Lord said to her, "Woman, all these mountains be long to your Father, and do you -think he will let you, his child, hunger and die?" Dr.. Cranage told me by some divine impulse he went into that desti tute home, and saw the suffering there and administered unto it, caring for her all the way through. Do you tell me that that dream was woven out of earthly anodynes? Was that the phan tasmagoria of a diseased brain? No. It was an all sympathetic God address- lift VL nuuitm ijjiuugu a uicaw. . Furthermore I have to say that there are people who were converted to God through a dream. The Rev. John New ton, the fame of whose piety fills all Christendom, whilo a profligate sailor on shipboard in his dream thought that a being approached him and gave him a very beautiful ring and put It upon his finger and said to him: "As long as you wear that ring you will be pros pered; if you lose that right, you will be ruined." In the same dream an other personage appeared and by a strange infatuation - persuaded John Newton to throw overboard that ring, and it sank into the sea. 'Then the mountains in sight were full of fire, and the air was lurid with consuming wrath. While . John Newton was . re penting of his folly of having thrown overboard the treasure another person age came through the dream and told John Newton he would plunge into the sea and bring that ring up if he de sired it. He plunged into the sea and brought it up and said to John New ton, "Here is that gem, but I think I will keep it, for you lest you lose it again." And John Newton consented, and air the fire went out from the mountains, and ail the signs of lurid wrath disappeared from the air, and John Newton said that he saw in his dream that that valuable gem was his soul and that the being who per- suaded him to throw it overboard was Satan and that the one who plunged in and restored that gem, keeping it for him, was Christ. And that dream makes one of the most wonderful chap ters in the life of that most wonderful man. John Hardonk while on shipboard dreamed one night that the day of judgment had come and that the roll of the ship's crew was called except his own name, and that these people, this crew, were all banished, and in bis dream he asked the reader why his own name was omitted, and he was told it was to give him more oppor tunity for repentance. He woke up a different man. He became illustrious for Christian attainment. If you do not believe these things, then you must discard all testimony and refuse to accept any kind of ' authoritative witness. God in a dream! Rev. Herbert Mendes was converted to God through a dream of the last judgment, and many of us have had some dream of that great day of judg ment which shall be the winding up of the world's history. If you have not dreamed of it, perhaps tonight you may dream of that day. There are enough materials to make a dream enough voices, for there shall be the roaring of the elements and the great earthquake; enough light for the dream, for the world shall blaze; enough excitement, for the mountains shall fall; enough water, for the ocean shall rear: enough astronomical phe nomena, for the stars shall go out; enough populations, for all the races of all ages will fall into line of one of two processions, the one ascending and the other descending, the one led by the rider on the white horse of eternal victory, the other led on by Apollyon on the black charger of eternal defeat. The dream comes on me now, and I see the lightnings from above answer ing the volcanic disturbances from be neath, and I hear the long reverberat ing thunders that shall wake up the dead, and all the seas, lifting up their crystal voices, cry, "Come to Judg ment!" and all the voices of heaven cry, "Come to judgment!" and crumbling mausoleum and West minster abbeys and pyramids of the dead with marble voices cry, "Come to judgment!" And the archangel seizes an instrument of music which has never yet been sounded an instru ment of music that was made only for one sound, and, thrusting that mighty trumpet through the clouds and turn ing it this way,, he shall put it to his lip and blow the long, loud blast that shall make the solid earth quiver, cry ing, "Come to judgment!" "Then from this earthly grossness quit. Attired in stars, we shall forever sit."