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TDestert tftansas TjDorfd
Established Marcta 1. 1879. Saturday, Dec. 21, 1901. The Pomeroy Model Farm- The .experiments in train raising on the lands near Hill City owned by J. P. Pomeroy, tlie former Atchi son capitalists, now -of Colorado Springs, have attracted much atten tion. Mr. Pomeroy was determined to test the possibilities of grain pro duction in western ' Kansas and em ployed H. W. Campbell,' inventor of the "Campbell system" of soil culture, to conduct experiments: The wiieat yield' this year more than fulfilled the expectations. Mr Campbell has explained the method pursued and benefits secured, at! having considera ble bearing on the problem of western Kansas farming. He says: "One of the Important points that was intended to be brought out of the Pomeroy model farm was the value of summer tilling (commonly called sum mer fallow). This is a part of soil cul ture that is altogether too little un derstood, not only as to the manner of doing the work, but the value of the work and its direct effects upon the growth of the crops that are to follow, as well as the remarkable drouth re sisting qualities of. the soil thus treated. "The plan to accomplish all this, as applied on the Pomeroy model farm, was first tried in early March, isk)0. We began by double disking the sur face soil that had been tilled in the ordinary way for fourteen years, the last six of which the crops were fail ures. The disk was set to cut as deeply as possible and lapped one-half its width. This left the ground level and thoroughly fined to a depth of fully three inches, giving us over four inches of loose soil mulch. This pre vented the further loss of moisture by evaporation of what was then in the soil, which was found to be wet to a depth of about twelve inches. HAKKOWED AFTER THE HAIN. "After the first disking was done in early March, the ground was left until . another rain came, then as soon after the rain as the very surface soil was j dry enough to work without sticking to the tools, the ground was harrowed to again loosen the top. Later, in early May, we had a very heavy rain, which resulted in settling the loose surface very firm. We then double disked it again, to open and fine the surface. .No weeds were alloweU to grow to rob the soil of its moisture, and the surface was always kept loose to prevent loss by evaporation. "In June the ground was plowed pevcn Indies deep. Here we come to some important points that must be closely observed with reference to se curing proper physical condition of the soil. Having kept the surface loose to prevent evaporation, although there has been no rain for some time, and all soil thus treated was dry and hard, this soil was moist and turned over in nice condition. At noon the soil plowed during the forenoon was gone over with the sub-surrace packer before the teams went to dinner. The soil being simply moist, broKe into small lumps as it was turned over and as the packer rolled over the ground the lower portion of the furrow was made still more fine and compact. The afternoon plowing was also gone over before leaving the field at night; then the entire day's work was harrowed in order that all surface clods might be made finer before they become dry and hard. From this time on to seed ing time the surface was gone over after each rain with the Acme harrow, a tool that will cut about two inches into the firm, plowed soil and leave this portion light, loose and fine all of which is necessary to' form the most perfect mulch for protection. WHEAT UP IS frotTR DATS. "October 1, 1900, this was seeded to wiieat with a shoe drill, using forty five pounds of seed wheat an acre, putting the seed through the. mulch and about one inch into the fine, firm, moist soil below. Ko further rains came last fall, consequently no work was done. A remarkable fact was "noted in the uniformity and quickness of germination. On the fourth day. as regular as the days came after the seed was put into the soil, the green spears could be seen the whole length of the rows. On the seventh day these first blades measured from three to four inches in height. The wheat stooled very proli Really and when spriug opened up the growth was early and rapid. It was gone over twice, about ten days apart, with the long-toothed weeder, each time after a rain, to loosen the sur face and to destroy any small weeds that might have started. Hy this time the soil was entirely hidden from sight and thus protected the foilage. "It very soon became apparent that the wheat was too thick and when the crop reached the prolonged dry period, which lasted nearly through the en tire month of Mav, it seemed as though it must" suffer badly. Other fields not supplied with stored water and not half as thick began to lose their color and thin out, but this neld kept on, matured its grain plump and of fine quality and wa ready for the harvest June 18 and yielded over forty bushels to the acre, more than double the average yield under the catch-as-catcii-can-plan so common in tne West. 1 believe if Iliad sown only thirty pounds of seed the crop would have been fully fifty busaels.V Capi tal. For Sale Heifers and Seed Barley. As I desire to keep only one class of cattle steers n my ranch, I offer at private sale some very fine heifers in calf by Polled-Angus and white faces. 1 also have 500 bushels of very nice productive six row seed barly for sale, the most productive in the county, at 50 cents per oushel. At . - Rye Spring Ranch, Riverside Twp., Trego County, Section 21-15-22. C. C. GARDINER, P. O. Iirownell, Kan. Don't get the idea that prosperity is here forever. - It isn'ti Good times and bad times alternate, like a streak of lean and a streak of fat in a good piece of bacon. Nothing can keep the good times here for more than four years, so if you arn t saving money don't cry when the hard times come. The man who can't save money now. will always be poor, and it won't be his wife's fault either. The Republi can party is. the best partv in the world, but it can't make the good times stay; nothing can make them stay. It's the human blood to be rest less and dissatisfied with even good times and insist on changing them. It has been so since the beginning of time. It will be so in the next four years. The thing to do is to saw wood and save the saw dust. Emporia Ga zette. ' " ' Program for Teachers' Assciation Dec. 2!. 1901. at 1:30 p m. Music. Iloll call Response School Room Devices. Reading of Secretary's Report. "How to Teach Reading in the Pub lic Schools" Chapters 5, 6, 7 and 8 R. W. Blakeley. Paper "The Golden Iielt Associa tion" T. A. Hailey. . "History of Education" Pages 86 to 111 and Review of "Civic Education" W. C. P Rhoades. Music. - Subjects limited to twenty minutes, liy order of Committee. I have 640 acres of good land to be broken out on the crop plan. Section 3, township 11, range 25,6 miles north of Collyer, Kan. For particulars ap ply to W. II. Swiggett, Wa-Keeney, Kan., or T V. Miller, 32 Lake street, Chicago, III. The schoolmaster is abroad in the Philippines. Instead of squeezing the people of the islands by unjust taxes, the civil government lets them alone in what they have and sends schoolmasters to teach them the lan guage, the arts arm inixims of Ameri ca, and thus inculcate- loyalty to the government that freed them from the yoke of Spain. True there has been but a feeole beginning, as there are more than a million and half children of school age in the islands, but what is being done in imparting to the youth a knowledge of our language, business methods and political princi ples, the schoolmasters are making long strides in the complete Ameri canizing of the islands. Among the people of the islands the scliool master will soon be a force more mighty than the sword or any army with banners. Findlay (O.) Republican. Wanted- Hones, old iron and hides every Saturday. -Call at Davidson's store. A. Il!tan. NOTICE ! To the Teachers and Pupils of Trego County: Baker university authorizes me to announce a year's scholarship, valued at $33, to the graduate of the county schools wIk ranks highest at the county examination held at the close of the school year; "a half year's schol arship, valued at $17, to the one rank ing second: and a term's scholarship, valued at $10, to the one ranking third. These scholarships will be. granted next spring immediately after the re port is sent concerning those who won them.; The graduates from the coun ty school will be admitted to the Baker university acaaeniy without examination. . ' ' Hattie J. Kirbt,' , county Sup't. .: Pickled pork at Baker's. . Smoked hams at Raker's. Good fresh beef at Baker's. KTSubscribe for the World Go the Farmers' store for fresh groceries. In Bestor's old stand. . ... GotoC. J. Ferris for .your carpets and wall paper. New samples just received. . Great Newspaper Bargain TnK Rkmi-Weekly Capital and'. .-. The W orld One Year for $150. The Semi-Weekly Capital, published at TOpeka, is one of the best farm newspapers published anywhere. Re alizing that a good market report is one of the most valuable. features of a farm newspaper, the Capital prints twice a week a full report of all tlie markets of the world, including To peka, and the report is absolutely re liable. . . It prints all the news of the civiliz ed world-freslr from the wires of the Associated Press, covering the field more thoroughly than any of the met ropolitan weeklies. Hut in the mat ter of Kansas news, it has no competi tor, our large corps of special corres pondents enabling us to cover the field thoroughly. Outside of your own home paper, you -can get more local news from the Capital than from any other paper published. Editorially it labors unceasingly for the State's moral and material wel fare. While strongly republican in politics, its editorials are fair and un prejudiced, and its news" columns are open alike to the doings of all politi cal parties. ,, It is printed twice a week for only $1.00 per year. Order it in connection with The World for only $1.50 How little it takes to make one su premely happy, sometimes! Just a loving look, maybe, or a-tender word, or a warn! hand clasp, or a little token of remembrance of some kind, or even tlie cherished memory or one or ail of these things, and the heart beats a little faster and the spirits become . . .. ... a little more - buoyant, ana tne eye brightens and the step quickens, and the flowers seem more beautiful, and the melody of the birds seems sweeter, md life more worth living, all be cause of some little thing like one of these. A little thing? Oh,. no! These be big things! They come from big hearts, and big brains, and are big in results. Marion Record. Holiday Excursion Rates. The Union Pacific will sell tickets on its lines for tlie Holidays at Great ly Reduced Rates. For dates of sales, limits, and points to which tickets will be sold, apply to . ' Geo. Schaeffer, " . ' . " - ': V Agent. ' The Wichita Eagle says that it might be well ccasionally to be able to" see into the future. If a Kansas Populist ten years ago had been asked to think of his condition in 1901, he would have pictured ' himself a white slave, downcast and footsore in the clanking, shuffling coffle, utterly undone. He never would have sus pected that ten years further along his hogs would be bringing $6.25, his wheat 70 cents, his corn GO, and he would be getting bow-legged carrying the coin to the bank. Ness City News. For Rent (or Sale) About 70 acres of land (divided into lots) in Wa-Kee ney, Kansas. J. B. II atnie & Co., 305 N. Cherry St., Nashville, Term. I will have a shooting match at my father's ranch, 3 miles north of Coll yer, Kans., on December 24. Turkey, duck and pigeon shooting begins at 10 a.m. Ball game after shoot. Hot coffee and lunch for sale. . Jesse C. Kesslkb. See TI. F. Kline for farm loans, fice with World. - . Of- . . THE BURLINGTON'S ' NEW FAST DENVER TRAIN. '"The Nebraska-Colarado Express,' now leaves Kansas City at 9:30 p. m. arrivinu Denver 3:15 p. m. next day three hours quicker. This convenient hour of departure allows travelers ar riving Kansas City on afternoon trains, a few hours for business or for visiting in thisattractivecitv; arrival Denver at 3:15 p. m. gives live hours that afternoon in Denver before leav ing for the West through Scenic Colo raao; through chair cars, 6leepers and dining cars. To go through Colorado without see ing Denver is to go through Frauce without seeing Paris. The Burlington's morning Denver Express leaves Kansas City at 10:40 a. in. Personally conducted California Ex cursions in through tourist sleepers from Kansas City every Wednesday and Thursday morning via-iScenic Colorado. . TO THE NORTHWEST. "The Burlington-Northern Pacific Express" is the great daily - through train. It's the time saver to the en tire upper Northwest country. Describe to us your proposed trip and let us quote you the lowest cost, send you printed matter, free, etc. R. H. CROZIER, L. W. WAKELEY. T. P. A.,823 Mai St . Gea1 Pm. Aftaf. Kum City, Ma. ' . St. Lvais, Mo-' HOWARD ELLIOTT, : Scleral Hauior, St: Loibs M UhION PACIFIC LANDS. ;V;.CVC. BLACK, Agent: Wa-Keeney, -:. Hays City. . Ellis. W. H. SwiGQETT, Assistant Agent, .- Wa-Keeney - Kan?. W. H. SwGGETT, Abstractor of Titles. Bonded in the sum of. $5,000. Wa-Keeney, Kansas. C. J. FERRIS & CO. DEALERS IN- Furniture and .... .... Funeral Supplies. I will furnish everything in the line of Undertaking that can be found anywhere All calls answered day or night. CASH GROCERY, J. J. DRUMMOND. PROPRIETOR -DEALER IN- Staple and Fancy Groceries. Fresh Fruits and Vege tables, Candies, -tobacco and Cigars These goods are all fresh and clean Highest market price paid Tor - butter and eggs. FRANK WOIXNER, i - - v. . DEALER IN Dry Goods, Staple ; ' ancT Fancy Groceries. Oranges, Lemons and other y; fruits.; .Candies, tobacco and cigars. These goods are all fresh and clean. We want your produce FARMERS' STORE. '( H. M. Davidson, Prop. . .... DEALER IX.... Staple Groceries. Oranges. Lemons and Other -Fruits. . Highest Market Price Paid for Butter t1-' and Eggs. 0"Your patronage solicited. : (BESTOR'S uLD STAND.). , Wa-Keeney - - - Kansas. Theo. Courtney, DKALERIN STAPLE GROCERIES S?" Your patronage solicited. BANNER P. O. - . KANS. M. ft. GUFTON. :DENTIST Will be in Wa-Keeney on the fol lowing dates: . Monday Ian. 13j - . ... Feb. 10 ' - ....Mar. lO . ...April 1 Monday. July 28 Aug. 25 Sept. 22 Oct. 20 'V Nov. 17 Mav ,ii "". -..'..June 2r : " June30! 1 H'C. "15 (Satisfaction guaranteed. Taken t "p -Cream-colored gelding, about 8 or 9 years old, one ere- part white, string halt in one hind leg. Owner can get same by calling on W. D. Stephen's. 2i miles south of town, and payidg charges. Cottage organs, the liest-in- the land.-Tor sale bv C J. Ferris. StrayedFroni tlie old. Buck ranch red calf, motley face, fresh dehorned. A. Betuii. - "' - Fresh pork, at Baker's. FlftNOS. A. L. VERNON'S For the next 30 days I customers entire stock of Pianos, Organs. Sewing Machines and String Instruments at reduction of ,oxhalf of retail price". . "' .. " ' ' Our line of Pianos comprise A. B. CASE. IVERS AND POND. BUSH AND GERTS. PACKARD. CROWN. RICHMOND. -PEASE. -KINGSBURY. SCHILLER. We. offer the most liberal Organs and Sewing Machines, Call and satisfy yourself est line of goods in Kansas. . ft. L. VERNON, 1S1 South Santa Fe. H. F. Real - : NOTARY PUBLIC... Rents, Collections nnd payment of Taxes for Non-llesidents a Specialty. iLarge list of lands for sale at low prices and easy terms. cccccc)eeciececeeeccccccoccecccccccccccccccecu NO. 1 "The Overland Limited" Day Coaches, Palace Sleepers, New sixteen-section Pullman Ordinary (Tourist) Sleeping Car and Free Re clining Chair Car. . No change of cars from Kansas City to Portland. JCST C9 HOURS FROM KANSAS CITY TO PORTLAND. A Si'Lendid Denver Train. Solid vestibuled, equipped with Pintsch Light and steam heat. . For full information call on or address . MARBLE aho GRANITE Mo;;o::oits. There never was a time in our hi--I tory when the farmer had more need . to use his brains than now. What, with Rural Free Delivery, daily pa- pers, and market reports, and the coi. seqnent and keen competition in the business,' the farmer, simply must study his business. He cannot go to school. The farm paper must be his text book. What better way than to subscribe for the Kansas Farmer at our clubbing rate and thus patronize two home institutions and secure a farm paper that has stood for thirty eight years without a rival in Kansas. You need it. Send us SI. 3 5 and we will send you the Kansas Farmer and World for one year. 15,000 ACRES of Improved Land in Ellsworth County. Kan., for sale on Easy Terms. ' For full information address K. W. Wellington, . . J r SIWL ORGANS. HOLIDAY SALE. will offer for "sale to Holiday Our Organs comprise PACKARD. CROWN. NEW WESTERN. BENTLEY. STORY AND CLARK. SCHULTZ. BURDETT. . CHICAGO COTTAGE. terms on payments on Pianos, that we are handling the fin SALINA, KANS. KLINE. - Estate. M z O u W LI w w J w ...INSURANCE. WA-KEENEY, KANS. IMPROVED TRftIN SERVICE TO CALIFORNIA. AND OREGON AND Denver and Salt Lake City. i lie raLiiit CApxcas Chair Cars, Day Coaches, Dining Cars, Pullman Palace Sleeper to Salt Lake City and Orinary (Tourist) Sleeper to San Francisco without change. Til ROUS II TRAIN TO SAN FRAN CISCO AND PORTLAND WITII- GEO. SCHftEFFER. i Agent. A. A. HOOVER. WJ. RICHMOND. ni or " j sirtnir iirnr.ir iniipmiw DLUl U;iO liKM ffiftKtlLt ..bUffifAHT. HAYS CITY, KAN. Ave are prepared to put up any size -Monument in Marble or Oranite. We vMnntrtt.i'f all our wcwlc "Give us a call. WTM. RICHMOND, Mgr f BO YEARS' r EXPERIENCE J . Tradc Marks M . DESIGNS Copyrights Ac Anyone sending sketn snd description may quickly ascertain our oinnion free wbetber an -invention is probably patentable. CotnmDniea tionsstrtetly confidential. Handbook on Patent -sent free. Oldest arency for securing- patents. Patent taken throturh Muui A Co. reoeWe 9prcint mottce, wit hoot charge, in the Scientific Hmrlm. A handeomelT flhinrrafed weekly. I arrest cir culation of any scientific Journal. Terms. 93 a . ear : roar montna, si. bom bj au nfwianwra. ;.ra & Co.618" New York Afraacn umee, ez w tst nnniniwi, a, v. Fat hogs wanted about 200 pounds in weight at Geo Raker's. J : " See Frank Kline for real Offlce with Would. estate.