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and 1 I 4T. AW TWENTY-THIKD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, DEC. 28, 1901. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 43 www TALMAGE'S SERMON. SUNDAY'S DISCOURSE IS ON OUR JOURNEY THROUGH LIFE. Text from Joshua: "V Ustii Not Passed Thla Way Heretofore" Opportunities Mmt Be Taken Advantage Of Sow Necessity for Trust ia God. Copyright, 1901, by Louia Klopsch, N. T.) Washington, Dec. 15. This dis course is a most unusual presentation of things that take place in our lives, and Dr. Talmage pleads for merciful Interpretation of human behavior. The text is Joshua ill, 4, "Ye have not pass ed this way heretofore." In December, 1889, I waded the rlv er Jordan, and although the current was strong, I was able to bear up against it, but in the time of spring freshet when the snows on Mount Le banon melt, nothing but a miracle would enable anyone to cross the river. It was at the dangerous spring time that Joshua and the officers of liis army uttered the words of my text to the people who were in a few hours to cross the Jordan. About that cross ing we say but little, because on a previous occasion we discoursed con cerning that piling up of the waters into crystal barricade. We only speak of the march to the brink of the river. No stranger thing has ever occurred in all history. What was truthfully said of the an cient Israelites may be truthfully said of us. We are making our first and last journey through this world. It is possible, as some of my good friends believe, that this world will be cor rected and improved and purified and floralized and emparadised as to cli mate and soil and character until it shall become a heaven for the ransom ed, but I do not think it. I have an Idea that heaven is already built some where. Our departed friends could not wait until this world is fixed up for saintly and angelic residence. Having once gone out of the world, I do not think we will come back, except as ministering spirits to help those who remain in the earthly struggle or per liaps to look at the wondrous spectacle of a burning planet. But, leaving that theory aside, we are very sure that we are for the first time walking the earthly pilgrimage. "Ye have not passed this way before." Other folks have gone over the same road we are traveling, but it Is our first trip. New appearances, new temptations, new sorrows, new Joys. That is the reason so many lose their way. They meet some one on the road of life and ask for direction, and wrong direction is given. We have all been perplexed by misdirection after asking the way to some place we wish ed to visit. Some one said to us, "Take the first road to the right, and having gone a mile on that road, take the first road to the left, and you will soon reach your destination." We took the advice, but our informer forgot a turn In the road, or forgot one of the roads leading to the left, and we took the wrong road and were lost in the woods, and night came on, and we were put to great irritation and trouble. The fact Is I blame no one for mak ing lifetime mistakes. I pity them in stead of blaming them. There are so many wrong roads, but only one right one. You cannot in middle life draw upon your youthful experiences for wisdom, for middle life is so entirely different from youth. You cannot in old age draw upon midlife experiences. for the two stages of existence are so diverse. What is wisdom for one man to do would be folly for another to un dertake. A man of nerve and pluck is not qualified to advise a man timid and shrinking. An achievement that would be easy for you might be im possible for me. Human advice is ordinarily of little value. Most of the great mistakes that have been made have been made under human advise ment. Yea, our entire world is on a new pathway. It may be swinging in the same old orbit as when by the hand of . the Almighty immensity was sprinkled with worlds, but it has been rocked with earthquakes and scorched with volcanic fires and whelmed with tidal waves and wrought upon by climatic changes cities sunk and islands lifted. and mountains avalanched into valleys. So it Is anotfier world than that which was first started in the solar system, Yet it is all the time changing and will keep changing until the hour of its demolition. Of this beautiful world, this lustrous, this glorious world, it may be said, "Ye have not passed this way before. The Israelites needed to learn the lesson of reverence, as we all need to learn it. Irreverence has cursed all nations, and none more than our own. Irreverence in the use of God's name. Hear you it not on the streets and in social groups, and is not a profane word sometimes thought necessary to point jocosity? Irreverence for the Scriptures, the. phraseo'ogy of the Bible often introduced into the most frivolous conversation and made mirth provoking. Irreverence for the oath In court-room or custom house or legls- lative hall by the cnventional and me chanical mode of Its administration. irreverence for the. holy Sabbath by the way it is broken in pleasurable excursions and carousal. Irreverence on the part of children for their par ents, insolence being substituted for obedience. Irreverence for rulers. which induces vile cartoons and assas sination. Irreverence in church dur ing prayer, measuring off song and ser mon by cold, artistic or literary criti cism, and in prayer time neither bow ing the head nor bending the knee nor standing as one does in the presence of earthly ruler, thus showing more respect for a man than to the King of Kings. We ask not for genuflections or clrcumflexions or prostrations, but when prayer is offered let us either bow the head or bend the knee or let us In some way prove that we are not indifferent. You will do well to follow the divine leading, as the path you tread now has not yet been trodden. "Ye have not passed this way before." Many of you are suffering from Just such an noyances as have not occurred in all your history. There have been mean nesses practiced upon you or you have received slights or you are the subject of misinterpretations or you are in the midst of sore disappointments or there are demands made upon your strength and time more than you can meet or some physical ailment is laying siege to your castle of health or you are under embarrassments that you cannot mention even to nearest friends. You say: Well, . I never saw anytmng use this. I never expected such treatment as this. I never thought it possible to be placed in such circumstances." And when- you say all that you ars only translating the words of my text into your own phraseology. If you had suffered something like this before, you would have known what to do, but here is a flank movement for which you are not ready. As you have had no experience of this kind upon which to draw for wis dom and as you cannot fully state all the circumstances to any human ear, go to God and tell him all about it. He knows already, but it will relieve you and help you if you tell him. That is what he has been doing ever since the world got into trouble by disobedient behavior on the banks of the Euphra tes. If in the first chapter of the Bible we see the gate through which the woes of the world entered, in the third chapter of the Bible we see the open ing of the gate through which they are to be driven- out. Sacrificial lambs fore telling the Lamb of God. Rock stricken into gushing floods, typical of the fact that the world's thirst is going to be slaked. Pillar of fire hoisted above wilderness march. Star of hope- over birthplace in a barn. Sepulchers rent open. Trumpets of deliverance sound ed. The Infinite God listening with an ear in which a whisper 10,000 miles away is as audible as thunder. But follow the ark, and it will lead you to rivers of consolation. You will Una that your child has gone into a heaven of children, a land where chil dren are in vast majority, a score of infant souls to one manly or womanly souL for the vast majority of the race die in infancy. Heaven a great play ground for children. Palaces for kings and queens? Oh, yes! But what wide halls of pleasure, what gardens of de light, what raptures, such as on earth with ball and kite and hoop they never felt! Let them go, mother. You can trust him in the land of music and flowers. The front door of that eter nal home was opened by him who said "Suffer the little children to come unto me and forbid them not, for such is the kingdom of heaven." What a time the children have up there! What rounds of gladness! What laughter of eternal glee! Follow the ark, and it will lead you to the crossing into the reunions of the home where you will never part. As our sorrows are new, our joys are new and all our experiences are new. Our life is one long discovery of things that we did not know and could not know, because we have not passed this way before. We have found, for in stance, that gratitude is the rarest of virtues. You used to suppose that if you do a kindness it will be fully ap preciated and reciprocated. You have found out by experience, as you could have found out in no other way, that gratitude is apt to be only another ax to grind. You have found out that you should do the right thing not with respect to reward or gratitude, but be cause it is the right thing to do. Many are miserable because they are all the way looking for gratitude which they cannot find. You might as well go down Pennsylvania avenue, Washing ton, or Broadway, New York, or Tre mont street, Boston, your eyes scruti nizing the pavements looking for tur quoises and emeralds and rubies. Per haps you might find them, but there is-j not much probability that In fifty years you would find one of them. Another discovery that surprises us because we had not passed this way be fore is the fact that if two be in quar rel or In war with each other the one who is the most wrong is the hardest and the slowest to make up. But closely allied is the other fact which we hinted at in the opening j that we will not pass this way again. This Is our only opportunity for doing certain things that ought to he done. On all sides there are griefs we ought to solace, hunger we ought to feed, cold that we ought to warm, kind words that we ought to speak, generous deeds we ought to perform. All that you and I do toward making this world better and happier we must do very soon or never do at all. Joshua and his troops never came back over the way they were marching toward the crossing of the Jordan. The impress of the sandal or the bare feet of each soldier showed in what direction he was going, but never did the impress of the sandal of any one of them show that he had re turned. We are all facing eternity to come. There is no retreat. Alertness and fidelity would not be so Important if we could truthfully say: "I will be back here again. The things I neglect now I will do the next time I come. will be reincarnated, and I will re sume my earthly obligations. Having then more knowledge than I have now, I will discharge my earthly duties bet ter than I can now discharge them. I do not give solemn farewell to these obligations and opportunities, but a smiling and cheery good-by until I see them again." No; we cannot say that. There will be no new and cor rected edition of the volume of our earthly life. How many millions of people have lived and died I know not, but of all the human race who have gone only seven persons that I now think of have returned, the son of the widow at Zarephath, the young man of Nain, the ruler's daughter, Tabltha, Eutychus. Lazarus and Christ. Among all the ages to come I do not suppose there will be one more who will return to this life, having once left it. Lord Bacon said that he who shall discover the way to make myrrh solu ble by human blood will discover im mortal life on earth, but no such dis covery will ever be made. With what suggestive solemnity does this thought charge every hour of our earthly exist ence. It is said that it is possible to know which way the wind blew at the time of the deluge by the mark of the wave still to be found in the sand, and the direction of our Influence, however slight, will leave a mark tha. will last forever. At this point I ask you to notice the j lact that my text does not call atten tion to the crossing of the Jordan, but to the way leading thereto. We all think much of our crossing of the Jor dan when the march of our life is end ed, but put too little emphasis on the way that leads to the crossing. What you and I need most to care about is the direction of the road we are travel ing. We need have no fear of the crossing if we come to it in the right way. In other words, we need not care about death if our life has been what it ought to be. We will die right if we live right. What an absurdity it would have been for Joshua and his men to have asked each other questions like these: How can we cross the Jordan if we get there? Will not the water be too deep to allow us to wade? Will we not all be so saturated that we may lose our lives by exposure? How many of us can swim? Had we better not wait until the annual freshet has subsided?" No such folly did they commit. They were anxious chiefly about the way that they had "not passed before" and were ignorant of and to keep their eyes on the golden covered acacia box, wing mounted, which was the ark of the cov enant. O hearer, stop bothering about your exit from sublunary scenes! By the grace of God get your heart right and then go ahead. If the Lord takes care of you clear on to the bank on this side of the river, I think you can trust him to take you from bank to bank on the other side. Keep your eye on the ark, and whatever betides, you will go through all right. One Easter morning Massena, the marshal of France, appeared with 18 000 armed men on the heights above the town of Feldkirch. There were no arms to defend the town, and the in habitants were wild with terror. Then the old dean of the church cried out "My brothers, this is Easter day! .We have been depending on our own strength, and that fails. Let us turn to God. Ring the bells and have serv ice as usual." Then the bells rang out sweetly and mightily from the church towers of Feldkirch,. and the people thronged to the houses of prayer for worship. The sound of the bells made the enemy think that the Austrian army had come in to save the place, and Massena and his 18,000 soldiers re treated. By the time the bells - had stopped ringing there was not one sol dier in sight. So put your trust In God, and when hosts of troubles and temptations march for your overthrow ring all the bells of hope and faith and Christian triumph, and the threatening perils of your life will fall back, and your deliverance will be celebrated all up and down the skies. The God who led you through the way "you never passed before will be with you at all the crossings. Pi A IT? V A"Mn PHUT. TP V -- -' -- INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. Bow 6neeeesfnl Partners Operate Thla Department of the Hints as to the Care of and Pool try. 1.1 Stock A Great lit. Stock Convention. Last- week there was held at the University of Illinois what was doubt less the greatest live stock convention ever held in the state of Illinois in point of interest and real value to the live stock Interests. The attendance at each of the meetings was in excess of 100, among whom were some of the most successful breeders and feeders in the state. The interest was intense and the discussions of the papers were brisk. The sessions were conducted in an able manner. On the program were men that have gained a national reputation in their respective lines. From out of the state were the following: George McKer row, Wisconsin; Joseph E. Wing. Ohio; Prof. E. A. Burnett, Nebraska; Prof. Thomas H. Hunt, Ohio; Prof. C. F. Curtiss, Iowa; Prof. Cott rell, Kansas. Each one of these men delivered addresses that were right to the point and that were a credit to themselves. Among the Illi nois speakers . were L. H. Kerrick. Stanley R. Pierce, T. S. Chapman, John G. Imboden. and Prof. John H. Skinner. Another source of interest was the presence of speakers representing the transportation companies and the stock yards, these interests being con sidered allied to the live stock inter ests. Wm. M. Shirley of the Swift company, Chicago, spoke on our pack ing interests and greatly interested the audience in the packing business. Mr. Charles Mallory of Chicago sent a pa per on the marketing of live stock. Wm. R. Bascom of the transportation department of the Illinois Central Railroad spoke on stock transporta tion. - The effect of the convention is sure to be far reaching. A good many new and valuable truths were brought to light and will from that source go out into all parts of the state. Some Idea of the value of , the convention may be gathered from the remark of Prof. Curtiss of Iowa at the close of the last session. He said: "The Iowa Fine Stock Breeders' Association has for many years been considered the best of its kind in the country, and has attained a world-wide reputation. But I can now tell them that they can come into Illinois and learn, for now there is in the country no association of live stock breeders superior to that in Illinois or more far reaching in its influence on the improvements in methods of breeding and raising cat tie." The old officers of the association were unanimously re-elected, the offi cers being as follows: President, A. P. Grout, Winchester; secretary, Fred H, Rankin, Agricultural College; treasur er, S. Noble King, Bloomington. Poultry Briefs. Poultry keepers that Intend to show at poultry exhibitions should see to it that they have their birds in coops properly constructed. They should be neat and should be so built that the fowls will be 'exposed to as little draft of air as possible. Also there should be neat arrangements for feeding and watering the birds. The door should be arranged to open with the least trouble possible. see We notice in a poultry paper the as sertion that the feeding of oats may be dangerous, owing to the sharp points that penetrate the crops when they are filled full and water taken afterward. For this reason some poul try growers will not feed them at all. The writer has found that this trouble Joes not exist where the oats are kept before the fowls constantly. They will then never eat enough at any one time to pack the crop. The puncturing is possible only when the oats are fed to very hungry birds. Oats are nearly a perfect food. e e e The poultry house should be cleaned out often; certainly once a week. Twice a week would be better. We have seen poultry houses with months of accu mulations under the roosts and in fact in all parts of the poultry house. In the warm days of winter a fermenta tion is set up that Is exceedingly un pleasant to the person that chances to visit the houses and possibly is injuri ous to the fowls. Anyway it should not be permitted to exist. The Wrens; Kind e Crennsers, F. W. Bouska, in an address to Iowa creamery men. said: The maxim that example is better than precept loses none of its truth in the relation between buttermaker and patron. Most of our creameries are reasonably clean on the inside, but in ! about half of them, the weighing-room and skimmilk tank would disgust any fair minded person. Imagine one ol those creameries. The floor Is poor and it is doubtful whether it is ever washed. The welgh-can stands close to the "all upon which a few drops- of milk splash as the' cans are emptied. The milk on the walls- and. sometimes on the scales -accumulates and dries until it begins to peel in flakes. Ha bitually the can covers and sampling dipper are laid in particular places marked by their quota of incrustations of milk. The buttermaker greets the patrons as they bring the milk, smells the milk and scrutinizes the cans for dirt. The patrons take the empty cans submissively and drive to the other side of the creamery where they fill the cans with skimmilk out of a tank often lined with sour and putrefying milk, sometimes re-ihforced with wa ter to make it hold out. Some of them take a little buttermilk out of a cistern or tank, the smell of which is notor ious. When brought home the cans of milk are left so until evening as a rule. Then it is fed to the swine and the cans are washed, usually poorly 'be cause the sour milk adheres tenacious ly. The freshly drawn milk is put in the cans and covered. The odors and taint present in such milk are inde scribable. Does anyone wonder when the people who say that creamery but ter is not as clean as oleomargarine find some grounds for such an asser tion. Buttermakers, here is a chance to give oleo a stunning blow. Tables That Talk. Professor C. H. Eckles, recently of the Iowa Agricultural College and now of the Missouri Agricultural Col lege, gives, in the following tables,' the results of some of his feeding tests while at the first named college: , Best three Shorthorns recorded for one year; Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost). 9,896 474 $27.38 9,326 449 ! 23.52 8,046 381 24.82 Poorest three Shorthorns: Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost) 3,059 129 123.83 2.833 ..134 21.30 2,796 ...125 18.84 Best Red Poll: Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.) 7,225 '. 361 $25.32 Poorest" Red Poll: Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.) 5,249 236 $25.24 Best Jersey: - Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.) 6,523 532 $26.26 Poorest Jersey: Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.) 4,087 236 $18.54 Best Holstein: Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost) 12,111 '..538 $29.89 Poorest Holstein: Milk (lbs.).. Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost) 6,657 246 $21.71 Average per year per cow for four years: Milk. 18 Shorthorns 5,940 . 5 Red Polls 6,052 10 Jerseys 5,277 12 Holsteins 8,338 Butter. 279 2S0 340 323 Feed cost for one pound of butter: Shorthorns, 8.5c; Red Polls, 8.4c; Jersey, 6.6c; Holsteins, 7.6c. A study of the above figures shows why some dairymen succeed and why others do not It will be seen that the cost of keeping cows is about the same, whether the returns be large or small. The necessity of more careful selection is therefore made apparent Up to the present time there has been a keen demand for the services of graduates of our dairy schools, espe cially in the line of creameries. There have been a great many creameries es tablished during the last few years, and these ail demand skilled men for butter-makers and managers. What is the result to be finally if the con solidation of creameries goes oh? The competition that Is now stimulating production stands a good chance of being eliminated altogether. The -conference of dairymen or of farm producers of milk certainly has in it great possibilities. It has been advocated by some of the foremost, dairy educators in the country. We understand that in some parts of Min nesota the theory has ' been put into practice. The buttermakers and milk producers in some counties have monthly conferences, at which meth ods are discusssed and butter is exhib ited and prizes awarded. Cost of Harvesting; Wheat. The expense of narvesiing l,Ui0 acres of wheat is not more than $600. Th.6 amount is exclusive, of course, of the planting. Plowing a field costs $1 an acre. In ten Irish counties there are ad vertised 667,000 acres of shootings, and the rental asked is 7,885, or a tri.de over 2,d per acre. In most cases, too. tie re are" mansions attached. He who at 20 does not understand at 30 does not-know, and at 40 is poor. Trill have a wretched old age. Detroir Tribune. ' - The Feed of the Horse. We find among the best of horsemen great divergence of opinion as to the feed most suitable for the horse. The writer remembers attending a meeting of horse breeders where the question was discuasd as to whether corn stov er should be fed to horses. Some were sure that it was too wide a ration and produced a horse without spirit while other breeders declared that corn stov er and corn grain were Just the kinds of feed to make good animals. The same difference of opinion is shown in different sections of the country and la foreign countries. Horse buyers in ' Belgium are said to willingly pay a larger price for horses raised there than for those imported from the United States, arguing that the im ported horses are produced on food too heavy in starch, while their own horses are produced on the most valuable of home-grown grains, such as barley and oats. Just how much of this no tion Is based on prejudice we cannot say. Certain it is that in all parts of the world where the horse is raised and used, the people have very fixed ideas of their own as to the food best adapted to him. The Arabian feeds his horse on milk and balls made of bread and meat not infrequently giv ing him eggs as an added luxury. In the West Indies corn and sugar cane form the principal articles of horse feed, sometimes with the addition of considerable quantities of molasses. This latter as a horse feed has been quite extensively experimented with by some of the Southern stations. But In all countries and in all sections of this country grass in some form is the foundation of feeding. The successful use of feed depends on the feeder. Nothing can take the place of intelligence in him. Some men do not seem to be able to feed a horse successfully even with bins full of the best grains. They overfeed or underfeed, feed too much or too little of certain kinds of feed and get poor results. We have seen a farmer pre pare horses for work in the spring by pouring into them timothy hay and corn. The result was that the horses by spring were fat and sleek, but had little energy. We have seen othe men prepare horses by giving them a carefully balanced food, of which the grain part was oats. The horses so prepared for work were not over fat at time of beginning the spring work, but they were full of life, and It was a pleasure to handle them. There are many farmers that can become good feeders by study and observation, while there are others that have no adaptability for such work. The ef fect of feed on the horse cannot be told by the increase in weight The factor of energy is one that must be taken into consideration. Care of Milk Utensils. The i United States Department of Agriculture gives the following advice as to the care of milk utensils: 1. Milk utensils for farm use should be made of metal and have all joints smoothly soldered. Never allow .them to become rusty or rough inside. 2. Do not haul waste products back to the farm in the same cans used for delivering milk. When this is un avoidable, insist that the skim milk or whey tank be kept clean. 3. Cans used for the return of skim milk or whey should be emptied and cleansed as soon as they arrive at the farm. A - . T 1 J I . 1 . 1 n . thoroughly rinsing them in warm water; then clean Inside and out with a brush and hot water in which a cleaning material is dissolved; then, rinse and, lastly, sterilize by boiling water or steam. Use pure water only. ; 6. After cleaning, keep utensils in verted in pure air, and sun if possible, until wanted for use. Feeding; Fowl, in Transit. In shipping poultry short distances no provision need be made for food and water; for long distance ship ments attach a cup in one .corner of coop at such a height that the chaff or other material in the bottom of the coop will not get into it for feed tie a bag of mixed grain to the coop, or If the coop has canvas sides and only a few fowls in it, sew a pocket upon one . side (outside) to contain the grain. This makes it much more con venient for the express attendant than if he has to untie and tie a bag at each feeding. It is also a good plan to put a few beets or turnips in the coop, ana. if there Is likelihood of the fowls be ing confined for some time, a piece or two of bone with meat on them cooked quite dry so that' fowls can pick it off only In small particles. These things help to occupy them, and may prevent their picking each other's feathers or combs. Farm-Poultry. The historic old steamer, the River Queen, where President Lincoln and his cabinet discussed in 1865 with prominent Confederates a treaty of neace between North and South, is now used to carry negroes to a negro :fsort on the Potomac - - The man who boasts of being a cynic is, not very dangerous. - A bachelor always wonders what is the matter with a baby when it isn't crying. ; " .