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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, December 28, 1901, Image 1

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TWENTY-THIKD YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, DEC. 28, 1901. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 43
Text from Joshua: "V Ustii Not Passed
Thla Way Heretofore" Opportunities
Mmt Be Taken Advantage Of Sow
Necessity for Trust ia God.
Copyright, 1901, by Louia Klopsch, N. T.)
Washington, Dec. 15. This dis
course is a most unusual presentation
of things that take place in our lives,
and Dr. Talmage pleads for merciful
Interpretation of human behavior. The
text is Joshua ill, 4, "Ye have not pass
ed this way heretofore."
In December, 1889, I waded the rlv
er Jordan, and although the current
was strong, I was able to bear up
against it, but in the time of spring
freshet when the snows on Mount Le
banon melt, nothing but a miracle
would enable anyone to cross the
river. It was at the dangerous spring
time that Joshua and the officers of
liis army uttered the words of my text
to the people who were in a few hours
to cross the Jordan. About that cross
ing we say but little, because on a
previous occasion we discoursed con
cerning that piling up of the waters
into crystal barricade. We only speak
of the march to the brink of the river.
No stranger thing has ever occurred
in all history.
What was truthfully said of the an
cient Israelites may be truthfully said
of us. We are making our first and
last journey through this world. It
is possible, as some of my good friends
believe, that this world will be cor
rected and improved and purified and
floralized and emparadised as to cli
mate and soil and character until it
shall become a heaven for the ransom
ed, but I do not think it. I have an
Idea that heaven is already built some
where. Our departed friends could not
wait until this world is fixed up for
saintly and angelic residence. Having
once gone out of the world, I do not
think we will come back, except as
ministering spirits to help those who
remain in the earthly struggle or per
liaps to look at the wondrous spectacle
of a burning planet.
But, leaving that theory aside, we
are very sure that we are for the first
time walking the earthly pilgrimage.
"Ye have not passed this way before."
Other folks have gone over the same
road we are traveling, but it Is our
first trip. New appearances, new
temptations, new sorrows, new Joys.
That is the reason so many lose their
way. They meet some one on the road
of life and ask for direction, and
wrong direction is given. We have all
been perplexed by misdirection after
asking the way to some place we wish
ed to visit. Some one said to us,
"Take the first road to the right, and
having gone a mile on that road, take
the first road to the left, and you will
soon reach your destination." We took
the advice, but our informer forgot a
turn In the road, or forgot one of the
roads leading to the left, and we took
the wrong road and were lost in the
woods, and night came on, and we
were put to great irritation and
The fact Is I blame no one for mak
ing lifetime mistakes. I pity them in
stead of blaming them. There are so
many wrong roads, but only one right
one. You cannot in middle life draw
upon your youthful experiences for
wisdom, for middle life is so entirely
different from youth. You cannot in
old age draw upon midlife experiences.
for the two stages of existence are so
diverse. What is wisdom for one man
to do would be folly for another to un
dertake. A man of nerve and pluck
is not qualified to advise a man timid
and shrinking. An achievement that
would be easy for you might be im
possible for me. Human advice is
ordinarily of little value. Most of the
great mistakes that have been made
have been made under human advise
Yea, our entire world is on a new
pathway. It may be swinging in the
same old orbit as when by the hand of
. the Almighty immensity was sprinkled
with worlds, but it has been rocked
with earthquakes and scorched with
volcanic fires and whelmed with tidal
waves and wrought upon by climatic
changes cities sunk and islands lifted.
and mountains avalanched into valleys.
So it Is anotfier world than that which
was first started in the solar system,
Yet it is all the time changing and will
keep changing until the hour of its
demolition. Of this beautiful world,
this lustrous, this glorious world, it
may be said, "Ye have not passed this
way before.
The Israelites needed to learn the
lesson of reverence, as we all need to
learn it. Irreverence has cursed all
nations, and none more than our own.
Irreverence in the use of God's name.
Hear you it not on the streets and
in social groups, and is not a profane
word sometimes thought necessary to
point jocosity? Irreverence for the
Scriptures, the. phraseo'ogy of the
Bible often introduced into the most
frivolous conversation and made mirth
provoking. Irreverence for the oath In
court-room or custom house or legls-
lative hall by the cnventional and me
chanical mode of Its administration.
irreverence for the. holy Sabbath by
the way it is broken in pleasurable
excursions and carousal. Irreverence
on the part of children for their par
ents, insolence being substituted for
obedience. Irreverence for rulers.
which induces vile cartoons and assas
sination. Irreverence in church dur
ing prayer, measuring off song and ser
mon by cold, artistic or literary criti
cism, and in prayer time neither bow
ing the head nor bending the knee nor
standing as one does in the presence
of earthly ruler, thus showing more
respect for a man than to the King of
Kings. We ask not for genuflections
or clrcumflexions or prostrations, but
when prayer is offered let us either
bow the head or bend the knee or let
us In some way prove that we are not
You will do well to follow the divine
leading, as the path you tread now
has not yet been trodden. "Ye have
not passed this way before." Many of
you are suffering from Just such an
noyances as have not occurred in all
your history. There have been mean
nesses practiced upon you or you have
received slights or you are the subject
of misinterpretations or you are in the
midst of sore disappointments or there
are demands made upon your strength
and time more than you can meet or
some physical ailment is laying siege
to your castle of health or you are
under embarrassments that you cannot
mention even to nearest friends. You
say: Well, . I never saw anytmng use
this. I never expected such treatment
as this. I never thought it possible
to be placed in such circumstances."
And when- you say all that you ars
only translating the words of my text
into your own phraseology. If you had
suffered something like this before, you
would have known what to do, but
here is a flank movement for which
you are not ready.
As you have had no experience of
this kind upon which to draw for wis
dom and as you cannot fully state all
the circumstances to any human ear,
go to God and tell him all about it. He
knows already, but it will relieve you
and help you if you tell him. That is
what he has been doing ever since the
world got into trouble by disobedient
behavior on the banks of the Euphra
tes. If in the first chapter of the Bible
we see the gate through which the
woes of the world entered, in the third
chapter of the Bible we see the open
ing of the gate through which they are
to be driven- out. Sacrificial lambs fore
telling the Lamb of God. Rock stricken
into gushing floods, typical of the fact
that the world's thirst is going to be
slaked. Pillar of fire hoisted above
wilderness march. Star of hope- over
birthplace in a barn. Sepulchers rent
open. Trumpets of deliverance sound
ed. The Infinite God listening with an
ear in which a whisper 10,000 miles
away is as audible as thunder.
But follow the ark, and it will lead
you to rivers of consolation. You will
Una that your child has gone into a
heaven of children, a land where chil
dren are in vast majority, a score of
infant souls to one manly or womanly
souL for the vast majority of the race
die in infancy. Heaven a great play
ground for children. Palaces for kings
and queens? Oh, yes! But what wide
halls of pleasure, what gardens of de
light, what raptures, such as on earth
with ball and kite and hoop they never
felt! Let them go, mother. You can
trust him in the land of music and
flowers. The front door of that eter
nal home was opened by him who said
"Suffer the little children to come unto
me and forbid them not, for such is the
kingdom of heaven." What a time the
children have up there! What rounds
of gladness! What laughter of eternal
glee! Follow the ark, and it will lead
you to the crossing into the reunions
of the home where you will never part.
As our sorrows are new, our joys are
new and all our experiences are new.
Our life is one long discovery of things
that we did not know and could not
know, because we have not passed this
way before. We have found, for in
stance, that gratitude is the rarest of
virtues. You used to suppose that if
you do a kindness it will be fully ap
preciated and reciprocated. You have
found out by experience, as you could
have found out in no other way, that
gratitude is apt to be only another ax
to grind. You have found out that you
should do the right thing not with
respect to reward or gratitude, but be
cause it is the right thing to do. Many
are miserable because they are all the
way looking for gratitude which they
cannot find. You might as well go
down Pennsylvania avenue, Washing
ton, or Broadway, New York, or Tre
mont street, Boston, your eyes scruti
nizing the pavements looking for tur
quoises and emeralds and rubies. Per
haps you might find them, but there is-j
not much probability that In fifty years
you would find one of them.
Another discovery that surprises us
because we had not passed this way be
fore is the fact that if two be in quar
rel or In war with each other the one
who is the most wrong is the hardest
and the slowest to make up.
But closely allied is the other fact
which we hinted at in the opening j
that we will not pass this way again.
This Is our only opportunity for doing
certain things that ought to he done.
On all sides there are griefs we ought
to solace, hunger we ought to feed, cold
that we ought to warm, kind words
that we ought to speak, generous deeds
we ought to perform. All that you and
I do toward making this world better
and happier we must do very soon or
never do at all. Joshua and his troops
never came back over the way they
were marching toward the crossing of
the Jordan. The impress of the sandal
or the bare feet of each soldier showed
in what direction he was going, but
never did the impress of the sandal of
any one of them show that he had re
turned. We are all facing eternity to
come. There is no retreat. Alertness
and fidelity would not be so Important
if we could truthfully say: "I will be
back here again. The things I neglect
now I will do the next time I come.
will be reincarnated, and I will re
sume my earthly obligations. Having
then more knowledge than I have now,
I will discharge my earthly duties bet
ter than I can now discharge them. I
do not give solemn farewell to these
obligations and opportunities, but a
smiling and cheery good-by until I
see them again." No; we cannot say
that. There will be no new and cor
rected edition of the volume of our
earthly life. How many millions of
people have lived and died I know not,
but of all the human race who have
gone only seven persons that I now
think of have returned, the son of the
widow at Zarephath, the young man of
Nain, the ruler's daughter, Tabltha,
Eutychus. Lazarus and Christ. Among
all the ages to come I do not suppose
there will be one more who will return
to this life, having once left it.
Lord Bacon said that he who shall
discover the way to make myrrh solu
ble by human blood will discover im
mortal life on earth, but no such dis
covery will ever be made. With what
suggestive solemnity does this thought
charge every hour of our earthly exist
ence. It is said that it is possible to
know which way the wind blew at the
time of the deluge by the mark of the
wave still to be found in the sand, and
the direction of our Influence, however
slight, will leave a mark tha. will last
At this point I ask you to notice the j
lact that my text does not call atten
tion to the crossing of the Jordan, but
to the way leading thereto. We all
think much of our crossing of the Jor
dan when the march of our life is end
ed, but put too little emphasis on the
way that leads to the crossing. What
you and I need most to care about is
the direction of the road we are travel
ing. We need have no fear of the
crossing if we come to it in the right
way. In other words, we need not care
about death if our life has been what
it ought to be. We will die right if we
live right.
What an absurdity it would have
been for Joshua and his men to have
asked each other questions like these:
How can we cross the Jordan if we
get there? Will not the water be too
deep to allow us to wade? Will we not
all be so saturated that we may lose
our lives by exposure? How many of
us can swim? Had we better not wait
until the annual freshet has subsided?"
No such folly did they commit. They
were anxious chiefly about the way
that they had "not passed before" and
were ignorant of and to keep their eyes
on the golden covered acacia box, wing
mounted, which was the ark of the cov
O hearer, stop bothering about your
exit from sublunary scenes! By the
grace of God get your heart right and
then go ahead. If the Lord takes care
of you clear on to the bank on this
side of the river, I think you can
trust him to take you from bank to
bank on the other side. Keep your eye
on the ark, and whatever betides, you
will go through all right.
One Easter morning Massena, the
marshal of France, appeared with 18
000 armed men on the heights above
the town of Feldkirch. There were no
arms to defend the town, and the in
habitants were wild with terror. Then
the old dean of the church cried out
"My brothers, this is Easter day! .We
have been depending on our own
strength, and that fails. Let us turn
to God. Ring the bells and have serv
ice as usual." Then the bells rang out
sweetly and mightily from the church
towers of Feldkirch,. and the people
thronged to the houses of prayer for
worship. The sound of the bells made
the enemy think that the Austrian
army had come in to save the place,
and Massena and his 18,000 soldiers re
treated. By the time the bells - had
stopped ringing there was not one sol
dier in sight. So put your trust In
God, and when hosts of troubles and
temptations march for your overthrow
ring all the bells of hope and faith and
Christian triumph, and the threatening
perils of your life will fall back, and
your deliverance will be celebrated all
up and down the skies. The God who
led you through the way "you never
passed before will be with you at all
the crossings.
-- -' --
Bow 6neeeesfnl Partners
Department of the
Hints as to the Care of
and Pool try.
1.1 Stock
A Great lit. Stock Convention.
Last- week there was held at the
University of Illinois what was doubt
less the greatest live stock convention
ever held in the state of Illinois in
point of interest and real value to the
live stock Interests. The attendance
at each of the meetings was in excess
of 100, among whom were some of the
most successful breeders and feeders
in the state. The interest was intense
and the discussions of the papers were
brisk. The sessions were conducted in
an able manner.
On the program were men that have
gained a national reputation in their
respective lines. From out of the state
were the following: George McKer
row, Wisconsin; Joseph E. Wing.
Ohio; Prof. E. A. Burnett, Nebraska;
Prof. Thomas H. Hunt, Ohio; Prof.
C. F. Curtiss, Iowa; Prof. Cott
rell, Kansas. Each one of these
men delivered addresses that were
right to the point and that were a
credit to themselves. Among the Illi
nois speakers . were L. H. Kerrick.
Stanley R. Pierce, T. S. Chapman,
John G. Imboden. and Prof. John H.
Another source of interest was the
presence of speakers representing the
transportation companies and the
stock yards, these interests being con
sidered allied to the live stock inter
ests. Wm. M. Shirley of the Swift
company, Chicago, spoke on our pack
ing interests and greatly interested the
audience in the packing business. Mr.
Charles Mallory of Chicago sent a pa
per on the marketing of live stock.
Wm. R. Bascom of the transportation
department of the Illinois Central
Railroad spoke on stock transporta
tion. -
The effect of the convention is sure
to be far reaching. A good many new
and valuable truths were brought to
light and will from that source go out
into all parts of the state. Some Idea
of the value of , the convention may be
gathered from the remark of Prof.
Curtiss of Iowa at the close of the
last session. He said: "The Iowa
Fine Stock Breeders' Association has
for many years been considered the
best of its kind in the country, and
has attained a world-wide reputation.
But I can now tell them that they can
come into Illinois and learn, for now
there is in the country no association
of live stock breeders superior to that
in Illinois or more far reaching in
its influence on the improvements in
methods of breeding and raising cat
The old officers of the association
were unanimously re-elected, the offi
cers being as follows: President, A. P.
Grout, Winchester; secretary, Fred H,
Rankin, Agricultural College; treasur
er, S. Noble King, Bloomington.
Poultry Briefs.
Poultry keepers that Intend to show
at poultry exhibitions should see to it
that they have their birds in coops
properly constructed. They should be
neat and should be so built that the
fowls will be 'exposed to as little draft
of air as possible. Also there should
be neat arrangements for feeding and
watering the birds. The door should
be arranged to open with the least
trouble possible.
We notice in a poultry paper the as
sertion that the feeding of oats may
be dangerous, owing to the sharp
points that penetrate the crops when
they are filled full and water taken
afterward. For this reason some poul
try growers will not feed them at all.
The writer has found that this trouble
Joes not exist where the oats are kept
before the fowls constantly. They will
then never eat enough at any one
time to pack the crop. The puncturing
is possible only when the oats are fed
to very hungry birds. Oats are nearly
a perfect food.
e e e
The poultry house should be cleaned
out often; certainly once a week. Twice
a week would be better. We have seen
poultry houses with months of accu
mulations under the roosts and in fact
in all parts of the poultry house. In
the warm days of winter a fermenta
tion is set up that Is exceedingly un
pleasant to the person that chances to
visit the houses and possibly is injuri
ous to the fowls. Anyway it should
not be permitted to exist.
The Wrens; Kind e Crennsers,
F. W. Bouska, in an address to Iowa
creamery men. said:
The maxim that example is better
than precept loses none of its truth in
the relation between buttermaker and
patron. Most of our creameries are
reasonably clean on the inside, but in
! about half of them, the weighing-room
and skimmilk tank would disgust any
fair minded person. Imagine one ol
those creameries. The floor Is poor
and it is doubtful whether it is ever
washed. The welgh-can stands close to
the "all upon which a few drops- of
milk splash as the' cans are emptied.
The milk on the walls- and. sometimes
on the scales -accumulates and dries
until it begins to peel in flakes. Ha
bitually the can covers and sampling
dipper are laid in particular places
marked by their quota of incrustations
of milk. The buttermaker greets the
patrons as they bring the milk, smells
the milk and scrutinizes the cans for
dirt. The patrons take the empty cans
submissively and drive to the other
side of the creamery where they fill
the cans with skimmilk out of a tank
often lined with sour and putrefying
milk, sometimes re-ihforced with wa
ter to make it hold out. Some of them
take a little buttermilk out of a cistern
or tank, the smell of which is notor
ious. When brought home the cans of
milk are left so until evening as a rule.
Then it is fed to the swine and the
cans are washed, usually poorly 'be
cause the sour milk adheres tenacious
ly. The freshly drawn milk is put in
the cans and covered. The odors and
taint present in such milk are inde
scribable. Does anyone wonder when
the people who say that creamery but
ter is not as clean as oleomargarine
find some grounds for such an asser
tion. Buttermakers, here is a chance
to give oleo a stunning blow.
Tables That Talk.
Professor C. H. Eckles, recently
of the Iowa Agricultural College and
now of the Missouri Agricultural Col
lege, gives, in the following tables,' the
results of some of his feeding tests
while at the first named college: ,
Best three Shorthorns recorded for
one year;
Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost).
9,896 474 $27.38
9,326 449 ! 23.52
8,046 381 24.82
Poorest three Shorthorns:
Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost)
3,059 129 123.83
2.833 ..134 21.30
2,796 ...125 18.84
Best Red Poll:
Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.)
7,225 '. 361 $25.32
Poorest" Red Poll:
Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.)
5,249 236 $25.24
Best Jersey: -
Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.)
6,523 532 $26.26
Poorest Jersey:
Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost.)
4,087 236 $18.54
Best Holstein:
Milk (lbs.). Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost)
12,111 '..538 $29.89
Poorest Holstein:
Milk (lbs.).. Butter (lbs.). Feed (cost)
6,657 246 $21.71
Average per year per cow for four
18 Shorthorns 5,940
. 5 Red Polls 6,052
10 Jerseys 5,277
12 Holsteins 8,338
Feed cost for one pound of butter:
Shorthorns, 8.5c; Red Polls, 8.4c;
Jersey, 6.6c; Holsteins, 7.6c.
A study of the above figures shows
why some dairymen succeed and why
others do not It will be seen that
the cost of keeping cows is about the
same, whether the returns be large or
small. The necessity of more careful
selection is therefore made apparent
Up to the present time there has
been a keen demand for the services
of graduates of our dairy schools, espe
cially in the line of creameries. There
have been a great many creameries es
tablished during the last few years,
and these ail demand skilled men for
butter-makers and managers. What
is the result to be finally if the con
solidation of creameries goes oh? The
competition that Is now stimulating
production stands a good chance of
being eliminated altogether.
The -conference of dairymen or of
farm producers of milk certainly has
in it great possibilities. It has been
advocated by some of the foremost,
dairy educators in the country. We
understand that in some parts of Min
nesota the theory has ' been put into
practice. The buttermakers and milk
producers in some counties have
monthly conferences, at which meth
ods are discusssed and butter is exhib
ited and prizes awarded.
Cost of Harvesting; Wheat.
The expense of narvesiing l,Ui0 acres
of wheat is not more than $600. Th.6
amount is exclusive, of course, of the
planting. Plowing a field costs $1 an
In ten Irish counties there are ad
vertised 667,000 acres of shootings, and
the rental asked is 7,885, or a tri.de
over 2,d per acre. In most cases, too.
tie re are" mansions attached.
He who at 20 does not understand
at 30 does not-know, and at 40 is poor.
Trill have a wretched old age. Detroir
Tribune. ' -
The Feed of the Horse.
We find among the best of horsemen
great divergence of opinion as to the
feed most suitable for the horse. The
writer remembers attending a meeting
of horse breeders where the question
was discuasd as to whether corn stov
er should be fed to horses. Some were
sure that it was too wide a ration and
produced a horse without spirit while
other breeders declared that corn stov
er and corn grain were Just the kinds
of feed to make good animals. The
same difference of opinion is shown in
different sections of the country and
la foreign countries. Horse buyers in '
Belgium are said to willingly pay a
larger price for horses raised there
than for those imported from the
United States, arguing that the im
ported horses are produced on food too
heavy in starch, while their own horses
are produced on the most valuable
of home-grown grains, such as barley
and oats. Just how much of this no
tion Is based on prejudice we cannot
say. Certain it is that in all parts of
the world where the horse is raised
and used, the people have very fixed
ideas of their own as to the food best
adapted to him. The Arabian feeds
his horse on milk and balls made of
bread and meat not infrequently giv
ing him eggs as an added luxury. In
the West Indies corn and sugar cane
form the principal articles of horse
feed, sometimes with the addition of
considerable quantities of molasses.
This latter as a horse feed has been
quite extensively experimented with by
some of the Southern stations. But In
all countries and in all sections of this
country grass in some form is the
foundation of feeding.
The successful use of feed depends
on the feeder. Nothing can take the
place of intelligence in him. Some
men do not seem to be able to feed a
horse successfully even with bins full
of the best grains. They overfeed or
underfeed, feed too much or too little
of certain kinds of feed and get poor
results. We have seen a farmer pre
pare horses for work in the spring by
pouring into them timothy hay and
corn. The result was that the horses
by spring were fat and sleek, but had
little energy. We have seen othe
men prepare horses by giving them
a carefully balanced food, of which the
grain part was oats. The horses so
prepared for work were not over fat
at time of beginning the spring work,
but they were full of life, and It was a
pleasure to handle them. There are
many farmers that can become good
feeders by study and observation,
while there are others that have no
adaptability for such work. The ef
fect of feed on the horse cannot be told
by the increase in weight The factor
of energy is one that must be taken
into consideration.
Care of Milk Utensils.
The i United States Department of
Agriculture gives the following advice
as to the care of milk utensils:
1. Milk utensils for farm use should
be made of metal and have all joints
smoothly soldered. Never allow .them
to become rusty or rough inside.
2. Do not haul waste products back
to the farm in the same cans used for
delivering milk. When this is un
avoidable, insist that the skim milk or
whey tank be kept clean.
3. Cans used for the return of skim
milk or whey should be emptied and
cleansed as soon as they arrive at the
A - . T 1 J I . 1 . 1 n .
thoroughly rinsing them in warm
water; then clean Inside and out with
a brush and hot water in which a
cleaning material is dissolved; then,
rinse and, lastly, sterilize by boiling
water or steam. Use pure water only. ;
6. After cleaning, keep utensils in
verted in pure air, and sun if possible,
until wanted for use.
Feeding; Fowl, in Transit.
In shipping poultry short distances
no provision need be made for food
and water; for long distance ship
ments attach a cup in one .corner of
coop at such a height that the chaff
or other material in the bottom of the
coop will not get into it for feed tie
a bag of mixed grain to the coop, or If
the coop has canvas sides and only
a few fowls in it, sew a pocket upon
one . side (outside) to contain the
grain. This makes it much more con
venient for the express attendant than
if he has to untie and tie a bag at each
feeding. It is also a good plan to put
a few beets or turnips in the coop, ana.
if there Is likelihood of the fowls be
ing confined for some time, a piece or
two of bone with meat on them cooked
quite dry so that' fowls can pick it off
only In small particles. These things
help to occupy them, and may prevent
their picking each other's feathers or
combs. Farm-Poultry.
The historic old steamer, the River
Queen, where President Lincoln and
his cabinet discussed in 1865 with
prominent Confederates a treaty of
neace between North and South, is
now used to carry negroes to a negro
:fsort on the Potomac - -
The man who boasts of being a cynic
is, not very dangerous.
- A bachelor always wonders what is
the matter with a baby when it isn't
crying. ; " .

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