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WW TWENTY-FOUKTH YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, JUNE 7, 1902., H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 14. R0CH AMBEAU STATUE AT WASHINGTON Presidents Roosevelt and t-onbet of France. Statue of the Great French Soldier Who Aided the Colonies In Their Fight for lndep-neiTce. the WEEKLY PANORAMA RTIC0U0RT SO. I II M w Hprmylnc Fruit Trees. Apples at $3.50 to $5 a barrel last fall and twice that this spring are apt to make folks interested in fruit trees. The first requisite is a good spray pump with the necessary rigging. The outfit can be bought of the manufac turer or of the implement dealers, and will cost anywhere from J10 to $200. A first-class outfit costs $15 to $25. Just at this time of the year the spraying needed by the fruit trees is chiefly for the prevention of fungous diseases. For this purpose a plain solution of copper sulphate, one pound in 10 to 20 gallons of water may be used. Bor deaux mixture is equally as good, but it is more bother to make. The first spraying should be given at once, be fore the blossoms open. A little later. Just after the blooms fall, another spraying should be given. This should be Bordeaux mixture in every - case. Bordeaux mixture may be made of varying proportions and strengths. The standard mixture consists of one and one-half pounds copper sulphate, one pound stone lime, ten gallons water (six pounds sulphate, four pounds lime, one barrel water). Dis solve the sulphate and slack the lime in separate vessels, dilute each with about half of the total water to be used and then pour the sulphate solu tion into the lime water while stirring vigorously. Continue the stirring for a minute to insure perfect mixture. It deteriorates on standing and should be used soon after made. Keep the mixture clean to avoid clogging of pump and nozzles. Strain the solutions and have a strainer on suction tube of pump. A quick, convenient way to disbolve copper sulphate is to suspend it in a cheesecloth or similar bag just below the surface of the water. A third spraying two weeks later, with Bordeaux mixture, will be a paying in vestment. Even a fourth and fifth spraying at Intervals of two weeks, will sometimes pay handsome divi dends. In all sprayings, except the first, some paris green should be used. Add one pound of paris green to 200 gallons of water, or four ounces to the barrel. ' If there is danger of bud moth the paris green might better be used in the first spraying also. Trees for Shade. A communication from the Oklahoma station says: The trees most generally planted have been elm, soft maple, ca talpa, black locust and box elder. The elm grows slowly at first and is at tacked by borers, but is the best shade tree in the list and should be included In every planting for shade. The soft maple is easily broken by the wind and sutlers from drouth and the attacks of borers, but it grows rapidly from the start and makes a pretty tree. The limbs of the catalpa tree are easily broken by the winds, but it grows rap idly.makes a fair shade and is valuable timber for posts. The black locust is not generally regarded as a first-class shade tree and its tendency to sprout from the roots makes it somewhat ob jectionable on lawns. But it Is the fastest grower in the list, will stand more neglect than the others, and the wood is very durable for posts. The box elder is a moderate grower and is not adapted to poor upland soil, though It does well in favored locations. The ash and sycamore are good trees, but are not adapted to as wide a range of soils as the others. Teachlor Flortleoltore. While at the Kansas Agricultural College lately the writer had the pleas ure of talking with Mr. Baxter, who has charge of the greenhouses there. Mr. Baxter is perhaps the only man In the country who occupies the double position of manager of greenhouses ana instructor in floriculture. At the college are 400 young ladies, most of whom are taking the domestic science course. Several times a week classes go to the greenhouses and are there in structed in the science of cultivating and caring for flowers. The future homes of these girls will show the ef fects of this teaching. Where there are greenhouses under the charge of competent floriculturists the latter might be used as instructors not only in our colleges, but also In many of our common schools. Probably all advanced educational Institutions have green houses connected with them, and this opens up a large field for demonstra tion In thi art- A farmer in Berkshire has had post ed on a meadow fence the following: "Notiss. Know kows is allowed in these, medders; any man or woman letten there kows run the rode wat gits Into my medders aforesaid shall have his tail cut off by me, Obadiah Kogers." Never call a man a liar if he is big ger than you are. If you are positive that he Is a liar hire a cheap man to break the news to him.: Think more of your own faults and you will have less time to consider the faults of other- Asparagus Planting-. The old methods of planting aspara gus would hardly apply at this day when that delicacy is raised in Im mense quantities in large fields. Just imagine trenching a field of several acres extent! It used to be thought that the only way to raise this plant was to dig trenches three and four feet deep and fill them with alternate lay ers of manure and turf mixed with soil. These trenches were sometimes not only three feet deep, but each one was three feet wide. Practically all the manure' buried at such a depth was wasted. The asparagus is a plant that feeds near the surface. It re quires a good deal of water, but it does not draw its food from the water. It will not feed below the water table In the soil. Today fields are well pre pared and enriched, and the planting of the asparagus roots proceeds about as rapidly as does the planting of po tatoes. The roots are placed at a depth of a foot or less, sometimes not more than a fourth of that. It is bet ter to place the plants at a depth of six inches or more. This is especially the case when the plantation covers a large field, as It is necessary to culti vate over the plants to keep down the weeds. Shallow planting may give an early yield for the first year or" two. but the plants will not be so satisfac tory in years to come. Another old fallacy was that of close planting. Fifty years ago the plantations of as paragus were mostly on small areas. It was no unusual thing to find the plants set in rows a foot apart and six inches apart in the row. This In a few years gave a perfect network of roots in the soil, and the asparagus stalks were hardly larger than lead pencils. Now the plants when set on large areas are generally at least three feet apart, and sometimes the rows are four feet apart, with plants three feet apart in the rows. Exterminate JimRon Wed. The plant that we illustrate on this page is a good one to exterminate, es- fK. t. Jin son weed Datura ttrmmtmimmf flowering spray; s. fruiting capsule both Mrd natural aiae. pecially if there are young children to play in its vicinity. It is poisonous, and the life of more than one child has been sacrificed to it. Children are poisoned by playing with the leaf in the mohth. and after the seeds ripen by eating them. They are also dan gerous to cattle. These weeds are gen erally found on vacant lots. Mow the weeds and scatter grass seed in their place. f Hereford Prcniim .We are in receipt of the preliminary premium list of the three National Hereford shows to be held this fall, and Secretary Thomas informs us that prospective exhibitors should write him at once for same. The classifi cation does not differ materially from that of last year except that there is an additional class for yearling bulls, so that this year there is a class for senior yearling bulls and another for junior yearlings. At the American Royal at -Kansas City the Stock Yards Company is giving $500 in prizes for car lots of Herefords. $200 of which is for fat stock and $300 for feeding cat tle. This is in addition to last year's premium list. For the International at Chicago the Hereford Association offers $900 in prizes for carload lots of fat Herefords. This amount is in addition to the premiums offered by the International management ' and should bring out an exceptionally large exhibition of "white-faces" in the pens. Write C R. Thomas. Sec. 225 West Twelfth St. Kansas City. Mo., for a premium list, which will give full particulars. There are mothers and mothers. On kind turn their children into the street to keep the house tidy. Feed for Calve. X report from the Kansas station says: Kaffir corn meal has proven to be superior feed for calves. It seems to be constipating, and materially as sists in checking the tendency to scours, so common with calves. Ex periments at this station show that calves will begin eating shelled corn when three to four weeks old and will do as well or even better than when fed corn chop. When possible it is desirable to feed a mixture of shelled and ground Kaffir corn. Soy- beans have been tested at this station as a calf feed, and all results indicate that they are not adapted to young calves in any quantity whatever. They are very loosening and cause scours. Calves will begin to nibble at hay about the same time they commence to eat grain. When from six to eight weeks old, the calves under experi ment at the Kansas Agricultural col lege consumed from one-half to one pound daily per head. Mixed orchard grass and prairie hay are best. Alfalfa hay proves to be too loosening for young calves, though it may be gradu ally introduced into the ration after from three to four months. Nothing but clean, bright hay should be of fered to calves. At times considerable difficulty is experienced from scours when calves are suddenly turned on pasture. This can be overcome by feeding a little green feed before mak ing the change. Give a forkful the first feed, two forkfuls the second feed, and so on till the calves get all the green feed they want; when they can be turned on the pasture without in Jury. Tobacco Notes. From the reports of. the weather bu reau we compile the following in formation relative to the present con dition of the tobacco crop: Kentucky The plants generally are rather small and thin In beds but ap pear to be in good condition other wise., c ... ...... Maryland and Delaware Like all other crops, tobacco has suffered from the dry weather In parts of Anne Arundel the planters have plowed up their beds preparatory to reseeding, as the first seeding failed to come up. In Prince George's and Calvert coun ties the plants are small and back ward. In parts of St. Mary's county the plants came up badly in late seed ed beds, but in other parts of the same county the beds are well filled. Gen erally throughout the tobacco-growing districts the advance in plowing has been quite satisfactory. The fly has not yet appeared this season. New England Tobacco beds in good condition. New York Tobacco beds made. North Carolina Tobacco beds are still thin, but the plants have made good growth. Transplanting began last week in several eastern counties, but rain is needed to enable this work to be carried on extensively; on ac count of the small size of the plants a little delay will not be harmful. Ohio Tobacco plants are doing fair ly well. South Carolina Much tobacco has been transplanted and good stands se cured. Plants continue plentiful. The acreage devoted to tobacco will be larger than ever before. Tennessee Tobacco plants are ready to set. Insects have injured young plants In some localities. Virginia Tobacco plants continue backward. Experiment lo Steer Feeding. 'A co-operative experiment In "steer feeding is being carried on under the direction of Professor H. W. Mumford of the University of Illinois at the farm of E. D. Funk, Shirley. Illinois. The- object of the experiment is to de termine whether shock corn or ensi lage is the best ration for beef making. Fifty calves, each eight months old. were divided into two lots, one of them getting a ration largely of shock corn with a minimum amount of whole oats and clover hay. The other lot gets exactly the same amount of oats and clover hay, but the calves In this lot get their corn and corn stover in the form of silage. Equal acreage of silage and shock corn were set aside for this work so that at the end of the experiment Professor Mumford will be able to determine whether more pounds of beef can be made from an acre of shock corn. Careful records are also available showing the rela tive cost of harvesting and feeding the silage and shock, corn to be used in this experiment. The " calves will be turned to grass about the middle of May and gains through the summer season observed. The animals used In this experiment will be finished on si lage and shock corn next fall and win ter. . Concessions valued at over $200,000, 000 have been granted to a syndicate composed entirely of Americans to re build 315 miles of surface lines In St. Petersburg. Moscow and smaller cities and to install overhead trolley wires. Rochambeau Statue Unveiled at Washington, May 24. CROKER'S NIECE ON THE STAGE Mrs. Xalay Morgan Has leeldei to Enter Vaudeville. Richard Croker's niece, Mrs. Daisy Morgan, will go on the vaudeville stage. Mrs. Morgan has adopted the stage name of Daisy Welstead, which was Mr. Croker's mother's maiden name. She will open in a vaudeville sketch entitled "The Last Lesson." Mrs. Morgan is 25 years old, and is of very attractive appearance. She is Mr. Croker's favorite niece. Her mother's name was Honore Victoria Croker. Her first attempt at anything in the Flames soon will consume the cum bersome hulk of the battleship Ver mont. The ship recently was placed on the retired list, and is to be sold at auction. After it has been stripped of everything of value to be found on it, what remains of the historic old boat will in all probability be burned, and all trace of one of the finest ves sels in the United States navy will then be obliterated. There was a time when the Ver mont was regarded as a formidable agent of war, but for several years it has not been in active service be cause it was regarded as unfit for use on the sea. After its direct value to the navy department ended the Vermont was transformed into a re ... . . j. z, . W dramatic line was last November, when she had a smart part with the Baker stock company that appeared for a week in the Criterion theater, Brooklyn. She is a clever violinist, and wil play a solo in the sketch. A Yankee Amazon. The memory of Deborah Sampson Gannett, the woman soldier in the revolutionary war who fought under the name of Robert Shurtleff, was honored lately at a banquet at Sha ron, Mass., where she lived more than forty years. Her body lies at Rockridge cemetery In that town, where the grave is frequently pointed out to visitors. The banqueting hall was decorated with the national colors, and inter mingled in large letters were the his toric names: Deborah Sampson, Mary Lyon, Anne Hutchingson and Hannah Dustin. In a conspicuous place was a placard on which were the words, ' "I Was There." This referred to Debo rah Sampson's oft-repeated saying in her lectures on the battles in which she had participated while dressed as a man. One of the speakers during the evening suggested that these words be placed upon Sharon's town seal. A Religions Prince. Prince Bernadotte, second son of the king of Sweden, is a deeply re ligious man. He is president of the Young Men's Christian Association cr Stockholm, the chairman of a mis sionary society and of many like in stitutions. He Irequently preaches. ceiving ship, and scores of raw naval recruits can trace their first experi ences back to this beginning. For a long time the Vermont has been sta tioned in the Brooklyn naval yard, and during the late war wUh Spain many squads . of naval recruits were assembled on its decks. The Vermont Is a character type of the then formidable frigates that figured in the early wars of the coun try. It was an ungainly housed-in af fair, and was built by the govern ment In the Boston, yards in 1818. From that time until the ship was converted into a receiving station it saw much active service. The Ver mont is 196 feet long, fifty-three feet wide, and displacement of 4,150 tons. DEATH OF VETERAN FIRE CHIEF Robert A. William Fought the Great Chicago Conflagration. Robert A. Williams, chief of the Chicago fire department at the time of the great fire in 1871, died in that -city after an illness of four weeks. Mr. William? .was proud of the fact that he had never missed -an import ant fire in Chicago for more than fifty years. Even during the the last few years, when he was employed in the coumy treasurer s unn r, ue v um slip out whenever he heard of a bad ' blaze. Directing the department at the time of the big fire, his report is among the records of the Chicago His torical society. He was able to tell much about it that never found Its way into print. It was his opinion that the fire would have been confin ed to a tract two blocks wide from the starting point to the lake had not the manager of the gas works at Market and Adams street turned the gas into the sewers to avoid an explosion. TO COMMAND CANADIAN MILITIA Appointment of the Karl of Dnnilasald la m Popular One. Major-General the Karl of Dundon ald, C. B., M. V. O., has been appoint ed commander-in-chief of the Cana dian militia. Lord Dundonald had already done good service with the Camel Corps on the Nile in 1884-85 before he went out as an ex-commanding officer of Life Guards, to South Africa. His services as the leader of a mixed cavalry bri gade In front of Ladysmith are suffi ciently recent and familiar to need no recapitulation, and it is universally admitted that when he goes to Can ada in June as the general officer com manding the Dominion he will be the right man in the right place. He is a warm believer in the citi zen soldier, and as a dashing leader in the field he will be warmly welcom ed in Canada. A Secret Worth X 1 50,000,000. There is only one genuine brand of eau de cologne in the whole wide world, and its composition is a family secret, and has been so for nearly 200 years past. It was in 1706, or thereabouts, that the manufacture of - the famous per fume was first established by . one Giovanni Maria Farina, in the city 1, ,-i . it n L-iiu it, momo Thcro arc now in Cologne and its immediate neighborhood some fifty factories for' its preparation, over forty of them, being in the hanos of persons bearing the name of Farina. The others are conducted by kinsmen and . kins women, mostly relations by marriage. It has been estimated that from first to last the monopoly has brought into the coffers of the clan ' the enormous sum of 150,000,000, and probably this estimate is under, rather tban over, the mark. '