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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, July 26, 1902, Image 1

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TWENTY-FOURTH YEAR Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1902. H.S.GlVLER.Prop. NUMBER 21.
Wdte of Jndree
S?till Uncertain
Raising Black Langshans.
From the Farmers' Review: I will
give you my way of raising black
.Langshans. I first purchased four
pullets and a cockerel, paying $20
for the four pullets and $12 for the
cockerel. From these the first year
I got about 40 birds in all. The next
year I changed cockerels again, and
raised nine fine cockerels for the
next year. I also bought six line pul
lets. I bred black Langshans for
six years before I ever made a show.
In the year 1889 I made a show in
Danville, Illinois, and won about half
of the premiums, for which I showed,
and saw my weak points. I kept on
showing eisery year, my birds get
ting better all the time, and up to
date I am on top. I hatched the old
way with hens and let them take
care of the chicks. I have ten acres
for range, and each pen has a half
acre upon which to run. Some people
say they do not feed their hens while
they are at liberty in the summer,
but I feed my hens at that time all
they can eat. In the morning I feed
oats steamed. Wheat is given at
noon and evening. I keep my coops
clean. Corn is not good feed for
black Langshans. as it is too heating
and hard on the plumage.
The only way to start in the busi
ness is to buy good stuff and get
good stuff from it- It is hard to get
good birds out of bad ones. When a
man writes me for a $1.00 or $2.00
bird I know he is a cheap man. and
I would like to run up against him In
a show room. At one time I won
first and second on cockerel, and a
farmer came to the same show with
33 head; he never got a place. He
hung around my birds and the last
day of the show he said: "Mayer,
what will you take for those two
cockerels?" I told him $40, and he
thought I was ready to go to the
asylum. I laughed at him anu said:
"I have sold $95 worth of eggs from
those two cockerels, and they have
also produced prize winners. Do
you think they are worth $40 to me
or not?" As a result of the work of
those two cockerels I never lose a
place In a show room- It Is, how
ever, a good thing to have such
breeders as the man I have men
tioned, for they are willing to buy
many a bird that a good breeder
-would not keep about the place. W.
M. Mayer, Vermilion County, Illinois.
Plum Trees In Poultry Yards.
We often see the advice to plant
plum trees in the poultry yard. The
advice may be good or it may be bad.
The argument on behalf of the plum
tree is that the hens keep it well
cultivated by scratching and keep the
grass all down, permitting not a
blade -to grow. It is further argued
that the hens will pick up the cur
culios as they drop to the ground.
Well, it may be a good thing to have
a plum tree in the poultry yard so
far as the plum tree Is concerned,
but we doubt If it is of any value
to the poultry yard. The ideal poul
try yard i3 not one that is bare of
grass, but one that Is covered with
grass. In fact, the yards should be
arranged in pairs, so that when the
verdure is being eaten off one yard it
will be growing In the other. The
hen does not demand "clean culture."
.When the plum tree is shaken and
the curcullos fall to the ground iney
do not lie there for an indefinite pe
riod waiting for the dutiful hen to
come along and pick them up. In a
few moments they are up and away.
The hens will have to be pretty well
trained if they are to stand around
and snatch up the curculios as they
drop. The theory of combining plums
and hens will, we think, hardly work
In extensive practice.
Incubator Cellars.
Incubator cellars are constructed in
various ways, but however construct
ed they should be away from the
dwelling house and barns. They are
perhaps more likely to be fired than
are any of the other farm structures,
and they should be placed far enough
away so that in case of fire the other
buildings will not be ignited. A sim
ple method of constructing these cel
lars is o dig a deep pit and roof it
over, piling the dirt up to the eaves.
The land must be, of course, per
fectly drained. If. there is any dan
ger of the land accumulating moisture
or of .the rains seeping -through, it
would be well to use cement in the
bottom of the cellar and up the Bides
as far as there is any danger of the
Ingress of soil water. The benefit of
k cellar of this kind lies in its per
fect temperature. This - Is a great
thing in the hatching of chicks. The
even temperature outside of the In
cubators makes It more possible to
keep an even temperature within.
Miss Frances Beverly, colored, was
recently awarded $75 damages in her
suit against a theater company in
Chicago, alleging that she was refused
a seat in the house, although holding
The Ferments in Milk.
Prof. G. L. McKay, Iowa Agricul
tural College: In the month of June
when nature has covered the earth
with loveliness, the right kind of fer
mentation seems to be everywhere.
Most anyone can make fine flavored
butter at this time; but when the kind
of bacteria that we have to deal with
changes to the undesirable kind, it
will then require skill. At our school
our bacteriologist made a number of
tests to determine the kind of bac
teria that milk contains during the
different months of the year. In
March when it is quite difficult to
make, fine butter. 100 samples from
different patrons' milk were taken.
Only 12 per cent showed pure acid
flavor; 48 per cent impure acid flavor
and 39 per cent rapid decomposi
tion of the curd. Samples taken April
8th showed 50 per cent pure acid fla
vor; 27.7 Impure acid flavor, and 23.3
rapid decomposition of the curd. In
April we found decided improvement
in the kind of oacteria present. Sam
ples taken May 10 showed 90 per cent
pure acid flavor and 10 per cent im
pure. This largely explains why It is
easy to get good flavors at some times
of the year and not at other times.
Samples taken in June and July
showed about the same results as
May. Now if we could get our patrons
to exercise more care in regard to
cleanliness, a lot of this trouble might
be obviated. Still at certain periods
makers will have to combat undesir
able fermentations.
Protect the Cows from Fire.
All dairy barns, creameries and the
like should be as amply as possible
protected against fire. This may be
done in several ways. If no better
way appears to the mind cf the own
er, he should have a shelf construct
ed in the barn and on it keep a num
ber of pails full of water and ready
to use at a moment's notice. Fre
quently fires get beyond control be
cause the means are not at hand for
extinguishing them in their incipient
stage. Where farmers have wind
mills and elevated tanks that give a
good pressure to the water the ar
rangements for fighting fire can be of
the best, but will of - course cost
something. Water pipes should be
laid to convenient points and hose
made ready. The fire may never
come, but it is a comfortable feeling
to know that if it comes it will get
a cold reception. Where animals are
kept tied or locked up and beyond
possible escape from the flames pre
cautions against fire should certainly
be taken.
Control the Water in Butter.
A government bulletin says that
the presence of salt, the size of the
butter . granules and the hardness of
the butter are factors exerting an In
fluence on the amount of water in the
butter. Where a dry butter Is de
sired, as for export, these principles
may have considerable practical im
portance. By churning cream at a
low temperature and continuing the
churning until the granules were as
large as peas, washing for about
thirty minutes with water at 45 de
grees to 48 degrees, and working
twice, the Iowa station secured but
ter containing as low as 6.72 per cent
of water. Of thirty-two analyses of
samples of butter made In this way,
seven showed less than 8 per cent
of water, 7 from S to 10 per cent,
and 10 from 10 to 12 per cent. It is
not, however, advised that export but
ter should be made with less than
from 9 to 10 per cent of water.
Farm Separators in Australia.
It is interesting to note the favor
with which the farm separator is re
ceived abroad, where it is being used
in increasing numbers. In Australia
the little machines are being largely
used. In Victoria alone there ore now
owned and operated on the farms
4,100 separators. According to the
last report of Hon. John Morrisy. min
ister of agriculture of Victoria, the
use of the machines has increased as
follows: 1S86, 33; 1887. 58; 1888, 108;
1889, 155; 1890, 238; 1891. 445; 1S97.
2.125; 1898, 2.799, 1899, 3446. There
are about 10,000 farmers In Victoria
supplying milk to creameries, and of
these at least 41 per cent separate the
cream on their own farms. -
Some of the citizens cf Benton Har
bor,!, Mich., are proposing a public
milk plant, like those that are so
successfully run In some of the Eng
Ish cities. They would run the bot
tling establishment In connection
with the city water works, and would
supply both Benton Harbor and St.
Joseph with pure milk. Friends of
the movement estimate the annual
profits to the city at $20,000.
Chickens require no food whatever
for 24 hours after hatching, as there Is
sufficient nutriment in the egg to sus
tain them for that time.
Cause of Scabies or Mange.
Scabies, or mange, of the ox Is a
contagious disease caused by a para
sitic mite. Cattle are chiefly affected
with but two varieties of these ptr
sites, or mites, which belong to th
class Arachnoidea. These are, first
the Psoroptes; second, the Symbiotes
The first is the one which most fre
quently affects them. It lives on the
surface of the skin and gives rise tc
great irritation and itching by biting
and is most frequent upon the sides
of the neck and shoulders, at the base
of the horns, and at the root of the
tail. From these points it spreads tc
the back and sides, and may invade
nearly the entire body. Its principa
manifestations are more or less nu
merous pimples, exudation, and -abun
dant scaling off of the skin, falling out
of the hair, and the formation of drj
gray-brownish scabs. In the course o.
time the skin becomes thickened, stiff
wrinkled, and acquires the consist
ence of leather. When mange hat
spread over a large surface of the
body, the animals lose flesh and be
come weak and anemic, rendering
them constitutionally less able tt
withstand or combat the effects of the
mites. At the Bame time . the de
creased vigor and lessened vitality oj
the affected animals favor the more
rapid multiplication of the mites anc
the further extension and Intensifica
tion of the disease. Thus we have
cause and effect working together
with the result that scabies, or mange
in cattle may in some cases prove fa
tal; especially are fatal terminations
liable to occur in the latter part of a
severe winter among- immature ant
growing animals, or those of adult and
full age, when In an unthrifty condi
tion at the time of becoming infected
There have been noticed variations Ir
the progress of the disease depending
upon extreme ' seasons aggravatioi
in winter alternating with improve
ment In summer. Buletin 152, Depart
ment of Agriculture.
Horse Shortage in New Hampshire.
Prof. Charles W. Burkett, of the
New K mpshire station, says:
There is too little horse power In
the state to properly till and cultlvaU
the soil. We have thousands of acres
of tillable land in the state (and wha
is said here is true of all New Eng
land) that have not felt the plough
share for a long series of years, some
for decades, some for a half century
Soil will not remain productive Ij
untilled. We have not enough horses
or working units in the state to dt
the regular farn- work and to carrj
on tillage as it should be done. Prac
ticaliy the o Jy supply of horses U
from other states; yet this state it
quite able to supply Its ull needs ant"
could have to spare for demands else
where. The work lies with the farm
era themselves, not only to increase
the number of working horses but tc
improve them and make them more
By using the better grade of mareE
for breeding purposes and having th
service of some pure-bred sire of somt
draft or .coach breed of good type anc
conformation, it wouU be but a shor
time until the character of the whole
horse stock were changed Into a bet
ter and improved one. Good draf,
and coach stallions can be secured foi
abouc five hundred dollars. Severa
farmers could purchase a stallion o:
the type desired, and there could be
engaged several mares for the firs;
season at a moderate charge for ser
vice which wouid pay not only a high
rate for money invested but would gc
a long ways for paying the full cost.
No Poultry and Egg Trust
. There has been talk about a poultry
and egg trust. The thing is an ab
surdity at the present time, though h
may become a possibility in the fu
ture, if there shall ever rise a trust
in farm lands. The cry of a trust waf
based on the probable fact that the
packing companies had bought ur
large quantities of poultry and eggs
and had stored them for a rise. II
was simply a speculation- on a . bif
scale. The owners of flocks of hens
are numbered by the milions and arc
too numerous to bave their product
controlled. Besides, under the stim
ulus , of high prices to the farm en
the numbber of fowls In the country
could easily be doubled in a single
year. Unfortunately at the present
time it seems probable that the pro
ducers of poultry are not getting the
benefit of the high prices being paid
by the consumers of poultry and
poultry products. If that be so, thee
the high prices the consumers arc
paying -will not stimulate production
and the present very unsatisfactory
state of things will continue. We
-would like to hear from our readers
as to the prices they are at the pres
ent time receiving for their poultry
and poultry products and a statement
as to the prices they have received
in past years.
The Rev. Dr. Farlies, 'a Church, of
England clergyman, arrived at New
York from York Factory, Northwest
Territory, and brings authentic infor
mation of the fate of the explorer An
dree, and his companions.
Two years ago, eight hundred miles
north of York, a party of Esquimaux,
nnder the leadership of "Old Huskie,"
saw the Andree balloon alight on a
plane of snow In that vicinity, which
is about two hundred miles north of
Fort Churchill. Three men emerged
from the balloon, and some of "Hus
kie's" people approached them out of
Samuel M. Andree.
Commander of the Expedition,
curiosity. As they did so, one of An
dree's companions fired off a gun. This
is a signal to uncivilized natives for a
general battle. It is regarded as a
challenge, and also instantly the na
tives fell upon the three explorers and
massacred them.
Everything pertaining to their out
fit was carried away to the homes of
the natives on the north borders of
the Arctic region.
"Old Huskie" himself gave this In
formation to Ralph Alstine, agent for
the Hudson Bay company, and after
being investigated by the Rev, Mr.
ZTarlies, was told by him. - He says
there is little room for doubt, as fre
quent reports have since come of the
strange implements which the north
natives have in their possession, the
telescope being particularly described.
The Hudson Bay company has re
peatedly offered a reward for the re
Region Where Andree Is Supposed to
-". Have Been. J-
Life of President Kruger.
A Utrecht correspondent tells this
story of tie way ex-President Paul
Kruger spends his nights: He retires
at 8 p. m., but gets up at 1 a. m- "dons
a dressing gown and a pair of slippers
and sits down to read his Bible, smoke
and drink tea. The teapot is set over
a little spirit lamp and he brews it
j strong. And thus he sits from 1 until
2 o'clock, reading and commenting
aloud on the Bible texts. At 3 o'clock
he returns to his bed to finish - the
night's rest until 5, when he rise for
a fresh day's labors."
covery of any portion of the outfit be
longing to Andree, and though natives
have gone in search of them they have
never returned, believing, as the Rev.
Dr. Farlies says, that they will . in
some way be punished, for they now
understtand that it was not an attack
upon them, but an accident by which
the gun was discharged that precipi
tated the massacre.
' Had Andree made friends with tha
natives it is held he would have beeu
safely - conducted south and would
eventually have reached civilization.
The Hudson Bay company has re
cently sent another party in search
of the balloon and outfit of Andree,
and hopes to have conclusive evidence
of the fate of the explorer within "a
f ew- months.
Solomon A. Andree, with two com
panions, Strindberg and Frankel, at
tempted In 1897 to find the North Pole
with a balloon. They embarked on
July 11 from one of the islands in the
Spitzbergen group. Since that time,
many rumors of their being found,
dead or alive, have been circulated,
but in every case until now these
have proved false. Several of them
have IcVated the party on or near the
north coast of the American conti
nent. The revival of an old story that An
dree and his companions were mur
dered by Esquimaus up there raises a
number of interesting questions. The
first of these relates to the intelli
gence of the men who from time to
time have passed this tale down from
Hudson's Bay to civilization, and who
pretend to have got it from the Es
quimaus. In view of the large number
of "fakes" which have been perpe
trated since Andree's disappearance in
regard to his fate, some doubts may
exist as to the honesty of the persons
who are responsible for this particular
account. But, granting their perfect
sincerity, it is not inconceivable that
they wrongly interpret the facts.
Early last March, this same story
came from Winnipeg, and was attrib
uted to a Mr. Alston, an agent of the
Hudson Hay company. The officials
of that organization, however, briefly
discredited it.
- What Andree hoped for when he
started was a breeze blowing fifteen
miles an hour to the northward. This
would have enabled him to cover the
seven hundred miles between Spitz
bergen and the Pole in two days, and
oarry him over to Behring Strait
six. The last news received from him,
dated two days after starting, was dis
patched by a carrier pigeon. This
report of . latitude and longitude
showed that he had gone in a north
easterly direction " about . one hun
dred and fifty miles, or at the rate of
three 1 miles an hour. If there had
been no calms intervening thereafter
and no deviation from a straight
course that speed would have brought
him to Eastern Siberia .in about a
month or six weeks. But the winds
In the Arctic region are exceedingly
fickle in summer. What is still more
Important, it is hard to render a bal
loon so completely gas tight as to re
tain its buoyancy more than a few
days. It is in the highest degree prob
able that Andree was compelled to
abandon his balloon for this reason at
some point hundreds, probably thou
sands, of miles from land. Search
parties have looked in vain for some
trace of him on the east coast of
Greenland, in Spitzbergen, Franz Jo
sef Land, the New Siberian Islands,
and Siberia. The chance of his reach
ing Alaska or British North America
was muci smaller than that of land
ing' in these other places. Hence, un
til the relics which are reported t-
have been found up near .Hudson's
bay are identified by competent au
thority it will be wise to receivethe
story with caution, not to say scepti
cism. Tact cf French Statesman.
Leon Bourgeois, the new president
of the French chamber of deputies,
represented France at the peace con
gress at The Hague, and gained there
a reputation as a diplomat. He has
been minister of public instruction.
He is an orator and possesses all the
arts of the trained parliamentary
speaker. To M. DeschaneL whom he
bad beaten in his new office, he said:
"I succeed you; I shall never replace
you." That was a delicate way of sof
tening defeat which is not habitual at
the Palais Bcurbcn.
Escaped Convict Leaves Trail o4
Death in His Wake. -
Harry Tracy, the convict who e
pa t( from tht fifljpm Ore.! neniten
tiary, killing two deputy sheriffs,
guard and a policeman, . is still al
large. By another maneuver of th
spectacular dare-deviltry that has al
ready aroused an infuriated country
side to Join in his pursuit, he haa
once more eluded the men on his traii
and left them far behind. From Bo
thell, where he so successfully battle
with the posse that attempted to ktf
him, he has made a remarkable Juma
to Deception Pass, near Port Madison
where he was last reported to fcav
been seen. ; . - "
His unexpected marches and coun
termarches, his fertilitf of . resource;
and his almost incredible endurance
have apparently enabled him to gee
safely away from the rifles of hi
hunters, and the only clews that mak
it possible to follow him at all ar
those furnished by his own reckless,
bravado. He is now supposed to b
heading for Whatcom, where it H
said he hopes to meet a friend.
His victims. are as follows:
Killed Policeman E. E. Breese
Guard Neil Rawley, Deputy Sherls
Charles Raymond and Deputy Sherift
Jack Williams.
Wounded Karl Anderson." '
Wife of Consul-General to Loncfoe
Leaves Washington.
The consul-general to London an4
Mrs. H. Clay Evans and their daught
ters have Just sailed for England. The
Misses Evans will travel during tht
summer. The departure of the family
is greatly regretted by their large
circle of Washington friends, to whoa
pleasure they contributed during theii
residence there.
Farm Wealth of Nebraska.
The census report on agriculture is
Nebraska shows that on June 1, 1900
there were enumerated 121.525 farms,
valued at $557,600,020. Of this amount
16 per cent represents the value o
buildings and 84 per cent land and
Improvements other than buildings
The 'value of farm implements ana
machinery In the state was $24,940.
450, and live stock $145,349,587. The
total value of farm property waa
$747,950,057 The total value of farn:
products for 1899 was $70,227,060, o
which 43 per cent was in animal prod,
ucts and the rest in crops including
forest products cut or produced cm
farms. This farm product value ex
ceeds that for 1S89 b7 143 per cent
The gross farm income of Nebraska
in 1899 was $124,670,856 and the grosa
Income on investment 17 per cenL -
One Serious Cause for Regret.
, A former Virginian who migrate
to Australia twecty-four years ago la
making a visit to this country aftes
his long absence, and in conversaUor
with a gentleman in Washington re
gretfully said: "Though I am a Brit
ish subject now, I must confess to the
superiority of some of the social cus
toms of my native lacd. For instance,
though xaint is grown in Victoria,
somehow or other tie people have
never learned the old .Virginia
of making a julep.'

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