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rr I Ly J L 1 .1, TWENTY-FOURTH YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, AUG. 2, 1902. H.S.GIVLER.Pjrop. NUMBER 22. T ain't me that done it, boys," fc said, with an uncertain smile; "it wal the hoss," and fell, fainting, across hit dead steed's saddle. ff The young aide turned away with I J) grim half-smile. "Poor material!" he mutter ud. ONE MAN'S FINE CONCEIT. i i- ! ii i i i USPS UT-SC kU 5 9 Long since, there lived a. man reputed wise (Some better things were said of him. some worse. Who made his life a tireless quest to know The Why and Wherefore of the universe. He wandered through solutions intricate. And old and new philosophers he read; This one converted, but another spake. And made his faith apostasy instead. His life was girt with vain analysis. And subtle disputations held in thrall His soul, that wildly dreamed to overleap The mystery Life offers to us all. But when Age left him twisted, gray, and worn. He felt the barren purpose of his quest. And longed to quite forget his mocking doubts And live his last, few, trembling days at rest. But Death had watched him with a cynic's eye Had marked his shuffling step, his sight grow dim. And one still evening stood before his chair. And smiied. half kindly, as he beckoned him. One passing through a certain field of graves May lind a stone of rather ancient date. Which bears these words, the last phil osophy. Of him whose life they thus commemor ate: "Here sleeps a man who sought to ques tion God Who conjured with the everlasting Why: Delved deeply into science, creeds, and schools. And learned this truth that Man Is born to die." 3 9 The U. S. Brand. (Copyright. 1902. by Dally Story Pub. Co.) It was just a common black army horse, raw-boned and broken-winded, such as the quartermaster-general -was buying, and marking by the thou sands; and the bugler who rode him, stunted and narrow-chested, the re cruiting sergeant had picked out of the gutters of the Bowery. The general, inspecting this last shipment of recruits, let his glance rest on the two. "Poor material," he said, gloomily, to the young aide at his side. That same afternoon a foraging party was sent out up the valley. There were none of the enemy, it was believed. In the neighborhood; but less than two miles from camp they ran Into a strong detachment of Con federate Infantry, concealed " in the woods and a ravine. At the first vol ley the color-sergeant fell, shot through the head; and. the bugler's horse stumbled and threw him; but he was up again in an Instant and had caught the colors from the dead man's hand almost before they reached the ground. The rest of the party had wheeled about and were riding back up the bill. The boy stared . after them blankly. They were going hack with out the flag the flag! Putting the bugle So his lips he sounded the rally. tree, whipped out his sabre, and sounded the call again. The men around him laughed "The trump of old Gabriel himself wouldn't bring them fellers back," ob served one; "it ain't no use a-kiekln. sonny." The bneler glanced despairingly to ward the hill. They couldn't really be "Poor material," he said, gloomily. Half a dozen of the Tieriy came running toward him. "Guess that old rag's ou.-s," said one of them. But the boy flung- his bacfc Againsi a held out the Bag to the young aide. going to desert, the colors! For a third time he was raising the bugle, when there was a sound of hoofs be hind him. - Here they came at last! He turned eagerly; and crashing through the underbrush came his own riderless horse answering the call. To vault into the saddle and dart through the crowd took but the space of a breath. The enemy's surprise gave him a minute's start. Then the bullets came singing after him, more than one finding lodgment in Quiver ing flesh; but the rider, bending low in the saddle, murmured soft words of encouragement and praise, and the horse swept on up the hill and over the crest, leaving a trail of blood be hind; across the creek, past the Union outposts, into the quarters of their own company; then dropped without a groan. The boy sprang to one aide to avoid the fall; and with the blood stream ing down his face held out the flag to a young aide the only officer near. "We've brought back the colors, sir." he said. Then men about sent up a quick rheer. The boy staggered a little as Se turned toward them. Massing of Men, He Says, Meant Strength; of Women, Bonnets. "It's an odd thing about -women," remarked Jones to his wife, as h settled himself for a special effort "We admire you Intensely in the indl vidual. We adore you when takei singly. But it's a strange, sad fac that when a few hundred of you g together you lose distinction. A mul titude of rare women brought togethei in one building for a common cause are far from venerable. Look at Sor osis. The club is undoubtedly made up of ideal mothers and wives, but cne resolutely refuses to find It any thing else than a convocation of bon nets. Earnest, intense women recruit the ranks of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, but its mass meet ings only amuse the rest of the world. An exclusively feminine tea was nevei an object of envy to those who pass it by." "And what of you men?" suggested Mrs. Jones. "Are you all so much finer in a crowd?" "Undoubtedly," replied Jones. "It isn't open to dispute that a 'gang of men is at all times convincing. II It is only a mob with a rope looking up a criminal the sight does not lack impressiveness. . The imagination plays about a 'smoker,' and speculates as to the quality of the cigars and the stories. And a good share of the world's work has been done by men in mass for a purpose. Union to us is strength, and the novelist has al ways remained below when the door of the banquet hall was opened for the filing out of the ladies." New York Tribune. Prepare for Cold Weather. In the summer is the time to pre pare the cow stables for cold weather. Comfort is money when applied to the :ow. The cow stable should be warm, 3r at least should be warmable. Tests have been made at some of our experi ment stations to determine how much comfort counts in the saving of feed, it has been proven that a cow exposed to cold and wet requires 25 per cent more food to produce the same amount it milk than is required if she is prop erty kept in a warm stable. The dairy i ;ow will not stand the cold that a beef steer will stand.- With the dairy cow ;he fat is deposited on the Intestines ar worked up into cream. It is evident that if what little fat she has is on the intestines it does not serve to keep her warm except in so far as it is burned up in the lungs. On the other hand the beef steer has his fat under the hide or infiltrated through the meat. The fat in that form helps to keep out the cold. The result is that the steer will lie down in a snowbank in the full sweep of the wind, chew his ;ud and look happy. The dairy cow on the same day will hump in the shelter of anything she can find and will look very unhappy. She demands ind should have comfortable quarters, where the temperature can be kept at about 70 degrees or a little over. LOST CHANCE FOR A PANAMA. An Officeseeker Hears Too Late of a Cabinet Officer's Desire. An unsuccessful applicant for a gov ernment office was chatting with some friends the other day just before starting for home, and the conver sation turned on Panama hats. The unsuccessful candidate bad a beautiful Panama, soft, light and close-woven, which had been ap praised by a local hat dealer at a high price. One of those in the conversa tion repeated the remark of a cab inet officer, that he had been Intend ing all his life to buy a high-grade Panama, but couldn't muster up cour age to pay the price. "I have often thought of writing to some friend in the tropics to purchase one for me," the cabinet officer was quoted as saying, "but have never done bo. You know they can be bought much cheaper down there. The finest one I . ever saw was worn by a man I met more than thirty years ago. He got it at Panama and told me he paid $300 for it." "Don't you believe these stories about such prices," said the unsuc cessful candidate. "This fine hat thai I'm wearing came from South Amer ica. It cost just $5 in gold at the place where it was made." There was silence for a minute, and then the ex-candidate asked: "Who did you say was the cabinet officer who told that story V The name of the secretary who hadn't looked kindly on the candi date's application was mentioned. "My!" said the candidate, sadly fingering the soft fabric of his Pan ama, "I wish I'd heard it sooner." Odd Wedding Customs. Giving wedding presents is an old custom, but it differs in various coun tries. Scotland's penny weddings were peculiar. They were called penny affairs, but the invited guests contributed a shilling and occasion ally a half crown, and out of this sum thus collected the expenses of the wedding feast were paid. Germany has a pay wedding at which the bride receives her guests with a basin be fore her, in which each person enter ing deposits a jewel, a silver spoon or a piece of money. In some parts of Germany the rule is that the ex penses of the marriage feast shall be met by each guest paying for what he eats or drinks. The prices paid for viands and drinks are high, and the young couple often make a handsome profit out of their wedding, often real izing a sum quite sufficient to start them nicely in life.. Often as many as 300 guests are present at such a wedding. Temperature of Milk. Milk, when drawn from the udder of the cow. has a temperature of 98 de grees. If this temperature is permit ted to remain at that point the few bacteria in the milk when drawn will ncrease with great rapidity to an In numerable host. Therefore the milk .1, i ,i v,a iwtlul rinwn as auicklv as possible to 50 degrees and below. This, to a considerable extent, stops tne in crease of bacteria. Where the separa tor is used the milk need not be cooled before separating. It should be sepa ated at once and thin run over a milk cooler of some approved make. In few minutes--it will thus be re iuced to the desired temperature. Carelessness as regards temperature Is :he cause of much of the poor farm made butter on the market. The milk during the time when the cream is rising is permitted to remain at almost any temperature. This facilitates the increase of the more badly flavored bacteria, and the cream is thus spoiled before the butter is made. A low tem perature from the first would have given milk and cream of better flavor and of greater value. Irish Looking for African Market Reports from Ireland indicate that the Irish are reaching out for the South African market- In some parts of South Africa butter Is reported as selling at 85 cents per pound and to b. of inferior quality even at that price. The Irish creamerymen and dairymen think they have as good a chance to take this market as any others. They claim that state aid to foreign dairy men is preventing large sales of Irish butter in England. They would there fore look elsewhere. The queer thing to a distant observer is that among the ;ompetitors that are driving the Irish butter out of the English market are enumerated the Australians. Now if the Australians can send butter all the way to London and successfully com pete with Irish butter, what will pre vent the Australians doing the same thing in South Africa? To us it does not look possible for the Irish to wage i successful warfare of this kind in a field thousands of miles from Ireland, when they cannot meet the same com petition at their own doors. - New York Coaching Parties. Personally conducted coaching pai ties are a summer feature of New York. The coaches leave at stated times during the day and in two hours and a half most of the "sights" of Manhattan island, including Grant's tomb. Riverside drive. Central Park, Fifth avenue, etc., are visited, each coach' having "an expert guide and lecturer" on board to explain "tne 1,000 points of Interest en route." Von can bottle up the truth "for i time, but ft eventually pops the cork- Chicago Milkmen Prosecuted. The Illinois state dairy and food commissioner has brought about 100 suits against Chicago milkmen for the breaking of the state law relative to signs and names on wagons, selling skim milk for whole milk and for wa tering milk. Much of the milk being sold for the use of children in the poorer quarters was found to be wa tered. Some of the cases are due to the use of formaldehyde in the milk, but these cases are not reported nu merous. The best part of the prose cutions consists In the publication in the dally papers of the names of the men being prosecuted and the charges against them. Thus in the list printed last week we find that there are charges against 17 for selling adulter ated milk, charges against ten for hav ing no labels on their cans of skim milk and also for selling adulterated milk, and against nine for selling skim milk contrary to law and violatingjthe abel law. The other prosecutions are tor the violation of the lbel law. . A man's greatness is often exhib ited in his self-imposed restrictions. - Nothing looks more peculiar than to see a young man trying to flirt, trhen he doesn't know how. The Hen Yard In Summer. It is quite easy to make the hen yard in summer a profitable feeding ground for the fowls. Enough poultry wire to divide the yard will cost lit tle. After the division is made, one side should be sown to seeds that will produce forage. One of the best things to sow we have found to be lettuce. The fowls eat this greedily. It should not S-e used for pasturage till it is well rooted and established. Another thing that should be sown Is rape. A pound of seed will go a long way. It is not too late to sow It even in midsummer. It grows rapidly, and soon reaches a height of a foot or more Then the fowls may le turned onto it. They will strip it of its tenderest portions, but will leave the stems and the mid veins. As soon as the fowls are taken off this pasturage, tha midveins will at once begin to send out new leaves and soon the plant is again In full foliage. The writer noticed that at the North Carolina experiment station the yards were sown with oats. This makes a most excellent pasturage, and the fowls eat It readily. Some feed chopped grass in summer time, but we have observed that hens do not take much interest. In eating anything that has been thus prepared. They prefer to have their green forage fastened down so they can pull It to pieces ttiemselves. It is, therefore, better to give them green pasture in the form of growing crops than to give them green stuff cut up. Deformed Chicks. While the faults of incubation are responsible for many of the deformi ties found in the chickens, and un doubtedly weaken others In ways which are not so apparent to us, one cannot state that the chickens which come from the egg In developed con dition and can eat ever die on account of weakness due to the incubation, says a report of the Rhode Island ex periment station. In my experience so far the weak chickens, when prop erly handled, seem to have developed nd grown as rapidly as the stronger. However, those which were hatched incompletely developed or with crip pled members, as the legs or beak, have not been able to survive in all cases. Under the even temperature system, however, the weaklings, when separated into hovers by themselves, grow unexpectedly well, and may at tain some weight. As a practical mat ter, however, all such weaklings and cripples should be destroyed as soon as hatched. To the poultryman who can devote but little attention to them they would prove an annoyance. Poultry Points Picked Up. If a uan wants to show birds he must raise only good stock and that in abundance. . The man that raises only a dozen .birds a year stands less chance of having winning birds than does the man that can. raise hundreds. In that case he finds it easy to get together a few exceptional birds. In this connection we must remark that In case the breeder is looking to con tests in the show room he will need to make a study of the points of birds himself that he may when he goes to the show take only his very best in stead of inferior stock. Cull rigidly. Always be on the look out for the poorest specimens of birds and get rid of them as soon as found and as fast as found. To permit the culls to go right on producing more culls or what should be culls is a mis take. The best thing to do with culls is to send them to the butcher, and if there Is danger of his selling them for breeders send them to him dressed. Hens should be made to lay when eggs are high in price. This can be done, but It requires attention to something more than feeding. The breeding must be looked after. The hens must be raised from early spring chicks and must be forced forward from birth to maturity. One should not attempt to winter move fowls than can be comfortably housed. Too many birds In a house makes it extremely difficult to keep the air pure or the floors clean. Lice and disease are encouraged. The at tempt to do this usually results in dis aster of some kind. Eggs should be sol j to private cus tomers, if possible, as In that way the farmer takes to himself the middle man's profits. Resides, private cus tomers are usually well-to-do people and are willing to pay a little more than the usual customers of grocery stores. The human heart is like a well strung harp a succession of sweet tones and of discords. -, The life of a grass widow Is not always green, nor does it run to hayseed. Students on Stock Farms. A communication to The Farmers? Review from the Iowa Agricultural college says: The department of ani mal husbandry of the Iowa Agricul tural college has succeeded In placing a large number of its students on prominent stock farms during the summer vacation. These positions are beneficial to -:he student in two ways. First and most important, it affords them an excellent opportunity of fa miliarizing themselves with the meth ods of stock farming in vogue on the most successful stock farms on the continent. Secondly, they receive a liberal compensation for their services, which aids them in defraying theif expenses during the school year. Ex perience gained in this way serves the student an excellent purpose in after life, whether he decides to return to manage the home farm, to pursue ag ricultural instruction work or to as sume the responsibility of managing a stock farm. - During the past few months the department has received a PrAtt m On u nuiiinoto jnrr naont' men to manage stock farms. Some cl these positions have been filled, but so far the demand has been greater than the supply. In the future, how ever, the college should be in a po sition to supply men exceptionally well qualified for this line of work. Reseeding the Plains. The reseeding of the plains grasses, while important is no light task. The cattle and sheep herder on wild lands cares nothing about the future. Find ing good feed, he continues to overpas ture and overrun, until the earth is tramped solid and the plants virtually eaten down to the. roots, and theo seeks pastures new, going on with the work of destruction over and over again. The soil, also, produces lest and less, until at length the laud be comes a bare desert, and the ill effects of this savage procedure is felt hun dreds and hundreds of miles away. Ia the summer the parched and heatet earth gives rise to cyclones and si- moon winds that scorch and withet vegetation even to the Mississippi riv er and eastward. It . will take mor years to again cover the plains wit grass than it has taken the reckless squatter herds to feed it off. In fact it never can be done, unless stock can be kept off the seeded ground foi three years, or at least so carefullj pastured the second and third year at to leave the ground fairly covered with foliage. Jonathan Periam In Intel Ocean." f -f fists fftr 1-f n m.o - ' ' Horses nurtured on oats show mettl that cannot be reached by the use o, any other feeding stuff. Then, too there is no grain so safe for hors feeding, the animal rarely being seri ously injured if by accident or other wise the groom deals out an over-sup ply. This safety is due in no small measure to the presence of the oai hull, which causes a given weight 01 grain to possess considerable volume because of which there is less liability of mistake in measuring out-- the ra tion further, the digestive tract can not hold a quantity of oat grains suf ficient to produce serious disorders. Unless the horse is hard pressed fof time or has poor teeth, oats should bt fed in the whole condition. Musty oati should be avoided. Horsemen general, ly agree that new oats should not b used, though Bensingault, conductinf extensive experiments with army horses, arrived at the conclusion that new oats do not possess the injurlout qualities attributed to them. Feed and Feeding. Mites on Cattle and Sheep. The mite which causes cattle itch or mange, is closely related to th mite which causes sheep scab both belonging to the same genus and species, but are different varieties. Th sheep-scab mite will not attack cab tie, nor will the cattle mite attack sheep or other animals. The itch mitet are found to be very numerous upos affected cattle, and a very small quan tity of debris from ac actively infest ed area of the skin will often reveal a surprisingly large number of th parasites. These mites may be re moved from an animal and retain theii vitality for along time. Specimen have been collected and kept in small glass bottles in the laboratory at the ordinary temperature of the room dur ing the winter months, varying from 45 degrees F. during the night to 80 degrees F. during the day. which would live and remain active from eight to eleven days. Exposure tc bright sunlight, however, would kill most of the mites in a few hours. Farmers' Bulletin 152. It Is related of an Atchison man that he gave his first grandchild a sil ver mug valued at S30. He bought a tin cup for ten cents yesterday, re marking that it was for the fifth.