Ly J L 1 .1,
TWENTY-FOURTH YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, AUG. 2, 1902. H.S.GIVLER.Pjrop. NUMBER 22.
T ain't me that done it, boys," fc
said, with an uncertain smile; "it wal
the hoss," and fell, fainting, across hit
dead steed's saddle. ff
The young aide turned away with I J)
"Poor material!" he mutter ud.
ONE MAN'S FINE CONCEIT.
i i- ! ii i i i
USPS UT-SC kU
Long since, there lived a. man reputed
(Some better things were said of him.
Who made his life a tireless quest to
The Why and Wherefore of the universe.
He wandered through solutions intricate.
And old and new philosophers he read;
This one converted, but another spake.
And made his faith apostasy instead.
His life was girt with vain analysis.
And subtle disputations held in thrall
His soul, that wildly dreamed to overleap
The mystery Life offers to us all.
But when Age left him twisted, gray,
He felt the barren purpose of his quest.
And longed to quite forget his mocking
And live his last, few, trembling days at
But Death had watched him with a
Had marked his shuffling step, his sight
And one still evening stood before his
And smiied. half kindly, as he beckoned
One passing through a certain field of
May lind a stone of rather ancient date.
Which bears these words, the last phil
osophy. Of him whose life they thus commemor
ate: "Here sleeps a man who sought to ques
Who conjured with the everlasting Why:
Delved deeply into science, creeds, and
And learned this truth that Man Is born
The U. S. Brand.
(Copyright. 1902. by Dally Story Pub. Co.)
It was just a common black army
horse, raw-boned and broken-winded,
such as the quartermaster-general
-was buying, and marking by the thou
sands; and the bugler who rode him,
stunted and narrow-chested, the re
cruiting sergeant had picked out of
the gutters of the Bowery.
The general, inspecting this last
shipment of recruits, let his glance
rest on the two.
"Poor material," he said, gloomily,
to the young aide at his side.
That same afternoon a foraging
party was sent out up the valley.
There were none of the enemy, it was
believed. In the neighborhood; but
less than two miles from camp they
ran Into a strong detachment of Con
federate Infantry, concealed " in the
woods and a ravine. At the first vol
ley the color-sergeant fell, shot
through the head; and. the bugler's
horse stumbled and threw him; but
he was up again in an Instant and had
caught the colors from the dead man's
hand almost before they reached the
The rest of the party had wheeled
about and were riding back up the
bill. The boy stared . after them
blankly. They were going hack with
out the flag the flag! Putting the
bugle So his lips he sounded the rally.
tree, whipped out his sabre, and
sounded the call again.
The men around him laughed
"The trump of old Gabriel himself
wouldn't bring them fellers back," ob
served one; "it ain't no use a-kiekln.
The bneler glanced despairingly to
ward the hill. They couldn't really be
"Poor material," he said, gloomily.
Half a dozen of the Tieriy came
running toward him.
"Guess that old rag's ou.-s," said
one of them.
But the boy flung- his bacfc Againsi a
held out the Bag to the young
going to desert, the colors! For a
third time he was raising the bugle,
when there was a sound of hoofs be
hind him. - Here they came at last!
He turned eagerly; and crashing
through the underbrush came his own
riderless horse answering the call.
To vault into the saddle and dart
through the crowd took but the space
of a breath. The enemy's surprise
gave him a minute's start. Then the
bullets came singing after him, more
than one finding lodgment in Quiver
ing flesh; but the rider, bending low
in the saddle, murmured soft words
of encouragement and praise, and the
horse swept on up the hill and over
the crest, leaving a trail of blood be
hind; across the creek, past the Union
outposts, into the quarters of their
own company; then dropped without
The boy sprang to one aide to avoid
the fall; and with the blood stream
ing down his face held out the flag to
a young aide the only officer near.
"We've brought back the colors,
sir." he said.
Then men about sent up a quick
rheer. The boy staggered a little as
Se turned toward them.
Massing of Men, He Says, Meant
Strength; of Women, Bonnets.
"It's an odd thing about -women,"
remarked Jones to his wife, as h
settled himself for a special effort
"We admire you Intensely in the indl
vidual. We adore you when takei
singly. But it's a strange, sad fac
that when a few hundred of you g
together you lose distinction. A mul
titude of rare women brought togethei
in one building for a common cause
are far from venerable. Look at Sor
osis. The club is undoubtedly made
up of ideal mothers and wives, but
cne resolutely refuses to find It any
thing else than a convocation of bon
nets. Earnest, intense women recruit
the ranks of the Women's Christian
Temperance Union, but its mass meet
ings only amuse the rest of the world.
An exclusively feminine tea was nevei
an object of envy to those who pass
"And what of you men?" suggested
Mrs. Jones. "Are you all so much
finer in a crowd?"
"Undoubtedly," replied Jones. "It
isn't open to dispute that a 'gang
of men is at all times convincing. II
It is only a mob with a rope looking
up a criminal the sight does not lack
impressiveness. . The imagination
plays about a 'smoker,' and speculates
as to the quality of the cigars and the
stories. And a good share of the
world's work has been done by men
in mass for a purpose. Union to us
is strength, and the novelist has al
ways remained below when the door
of the banquet hall was opened for
the filing out of the ladies." New
Prepare for Cold Weather.
In the summer is the time to pre
pare the cow stables for cold weather.
Comfort is money when applied to the
:ow. The cow stable should be warm,
3r at least should be warmable. Tests
have been made at some of our experi
ment stations to determine how much
comfort counts in the saving of feed,
it has been proven that a cow exposed
to cold and wet requires 25 per cent
more food to produce the same amount
it milk than is required if she is prop
erty kept in a warm stable. The dairy
i ;ow will not stand the cold that a beef
steer will stand.- With the dairy cow
;he fat is deposited on the Intestines
ar worked up into cream. It is evident
that if what little fat she has is on the
intestines it does not serve to keep
her warm except in so far as it is
burned up in the lungs. On the other
hand the beef steer has his fat under
the hide or infiltrated through the
meat. The fat in that form helps to
keep out the cold. The result is that
the steer will lie down in a snowbank
in the full sweep of the wind, chew his
;ud and look happy. The dairy cow
on the same day will hump in the
shelter of anything she can find and
will look very unhappy. She demands
ind should have comfortable quarters,
where the temperature can be kept at
about 70 degrees or a little over.
LOST CHANCE FOR A PANAMA.
An Officeseeker Hears Too Late of a
Cabinet Officer's Desire.
An unsuccessful applicant for a gov
ernment office was chatting with some
friends the other day just before
starting for home, and the conver
sation turned on Panama hats.
The unsuccessful candidate bad a
beautiful Panama, soft, light and
close-woven, which had been ap
praised by a local hat dealer at a high
price. One of those in the conversa
tion repeated the remark of a cab
inet officer, that he had been Intend
ing all his life to buy a high-grade
Panama, but couldn't muster up cour
age to pay the price.
"I have often thought of writing to
some friend in the tropics to purchase
one for me," the cabinet officer was
quoted as saying, "but have never
done bo. You know they can be
bought much cheaper down there. The
finest one I . ever saw was worn by
a man I met more than thirty years
ago. He got it at Panama and told
me he paid $300 for it."
"Don't you believe these stories
about such prices," said the unsuc
cessful candidate. "This fine hat thai
I'm wearing came from South Amer
ica. It cost just $5 in gold at the
place where it was made."
There was silence for a minute, and
then the ex-candidate asked:
"Who did you say was the cabinet
officer who told that story V
The name of the secretary who
hadn't looked kindly on the candi
date's application was mentioned.
"My!" said the candidate, sadly
fingering the soft fabric of his Pan
ama, "I wish I'd heard it sooner."
Odd Wedding Customs.
Giving wedding presents is an old
custom, but it differs in various coun
tries. Scotland's penny weddings
were peculiar. They were called
penny affairs, but the invited guests
contributed a shilling and occasion
ally a half crown, and out of this sum
thus collected the expenses of the
wedding feast were paid. Germany
has a pay wedding at which the bride
receives her guests with a basin be
fore her, in which each person enter
ing deposits a jewel, a silver spoon
or a piece of money. In some parts
of Germany the rule is that the ex
penses of the marriage feast shall be
met by each guest paying for what he
eats or drinks. The prices paid for
viands and drinks are high, and the
young couple often make a handsome
profit out of their wedding, often real
izing a sum quite sufficient to start
them nicely in life.. Often as many
as 300 guests are present at such a
Temperature of Milk.
Milk, when drawn from the udder of
the cow. has a temperature of 98 de
grees. If this temperature is permit
ted to remain at that point the few
bacteria in the milk when drawn will
ncrease with great rapidity to an In
numerable host. Therefore the milk
.1, i ,i v,a iwtlul rinwn as auicklv as
possible to 50 degrees and below. This,
to a considerable extent, stops tne in
crease of bacteria. Where the separa
tor is used the milk need not be cooled
before separating. It should be sepa
ated at once and thin run over a
milk cooler of some approved make.
In few minutes--it will thus be re
iuced to the desired temperature.
Carelessness as regards temperature Is
:he cause of much of the poor farm
made butter on the market. The milk
during the time when the cream is
rising is permitted to remain at almost
any temperature. This facilitates the
increase of the more badly flavored
bacteria, and the cream is thus spoiled
before the butter is made. A low tem
perature from the first would have
given milk and cream of better flavor
and of greater value.
Irish Looking for African Market
Reports from Ireland indicate that
the Irish are reaching out for the
South African market- In some parts
of South Africa butter Is reported as
selling at 85 cents per pound and to b.
of inferior quality even at that price.
The Irish creamerymen and dairymen
think they have as good a chance to
take this market as any others. They
claim that state aid to foreign dairy
men is preventing large sales of Irish
butter in England. They would there
fore look elsewhere. The queer thing
to a distant observer is that among the
;ompetitors that are driving the Irish
butter out of the English market are
enumerated the Australians. Now if
the Australians can send butter all the
way to London and successfully com
pete with Irish butter, what will pre
vent the Australians doing the same
thing in South Africa? To us it does
not look possible for the Irish to wage
i successful warfare of this kind in a
field thousands of miles from Ireland,
when they cannot meet the same com
petition at their own doors. -
New York Coaching Parties.
Personally conducted coaching pai
ties are a summer feature of New
York. The coaches leave at stated
times during the day and in two hours
and a half most of the "sights" of
Manhattan island, including Grant's
tomb. Riverside drive. Central Park,
Fifth avenue, etc., are visited, each
coach' having "an expert guide and
lecturer" on board to explain "tne
1,000 points of Interest en route."
Von can bottle up the truth "for i
time, but ft eventually pops the cork-
Chicago Milkmen Prosecuted.
The Illinois state dairy and food
commissioner has brought about 100
suits against Chicago milkmen for the
breaking of the state law relative to
signs and names on wagons, selling
skim milk for whole milk and for wa
tering milk. Much of the milk being
sold for the use of children in the
poorer quarters was found to be wa
tered. Some of the cases are due to
the use of formaldehyde in the milk,
but these cases are not reported nu
merous. The best part of the prose
cutions consists In the publication in
the dally papers of the names of the
men being prosecuted and the charges
against them. Thus in the list printed
last week we find that there are
charges against 17 for selling adulter
ated milk, charges against ten for hav
ing no labels on their cans of skim
milk and also for selling adulterated
milk, and against nine for selling skim
milk contrary to law and violatingjthe
abel law. The other prosecutions are
tor the violation of the lbel law. .
A man's greatness is often exhib
ited in his self-imposed restrictions.
- Nothing looks more peculiar than
to see a young man trying to flirt,
trhen he doesn't know how.
The Hen Yard In Summer.
It is quite easy to make the hen
yard in summer a profitable feeding
ground for the fowls. Enough poultry
wire to divide the yard will cost lit
tle. After the division is made, one
side should be sown to seeds that will
produce forage. One of the best things
to sow we have found to be lettuce.
The fowls eat this greedily. It should
not S-e used for pasturage till it is well
rooted and established. Another thing
that should be sown Is rape. A pound
of seed will go a long way. It is not
too late to sow It even in midsummer.
It grows rapidly, and soon reaches a
height of a foot or more Then the
fowls may le turned onto it. They
will strip it of its tenderest portions,
but will leave the stems and the mid
veins. As soon as the fowls are taken
off this pasturage, tha midveins will
at once begin to send out new leaves
and soon the plant is again In full
foliage. The writer noticed that at
the North Carolina experiment station
the yards were sown with oats. This
makes a most excellent pasturage, and
the fowls eat It readily. Some feed
chopped grass in summer time, but we
have observed that hens do not take
much interest. In eating anything that
has been thus prepared. They prefer
to have their green forage fastened
down so they can pull It to pieces
ttiemselves. It is, therefore, better to
give them green pasture in the form
of growing crops than to give them
green stuff cut up.
While the faults of incubation are
responsible for many of the deformi
ties found in the chickens, and un
doubtedly weaken others In ways
which are not so apparent to us, one
cannot state that the chickens which
come from the egg In developed con
dition and can eat ever die on account
of weakness due to the incubation,
says a report of the Rhode Island ex
periment station. In my experience
so far the weak chickens, when prop
erly handled, seem to have developed
nd grown as rapidly as the stronger.
However, those which were hatched
incompletely developed or with crip
pled members, as the legs or beak,
have not been able to survive in all
cases. Under the even temperature
system, however, the weaklings, when
separated into hovers by themselves,
grow unexpectedly well, and may at
tain some weight. As a practical mat
ter, however, all such weaklings and
cripples should be destroyed as soon
as hatched. To the poultryman who
can devote but little attention to them
they would prove an annoyance.
Poultry Points Picked Up.
If a uan wants to show birds he
must raise only good stock and that
in abundance. . The man that raises
only a dozen .birds a year stands less
chance of having winning birds than
does the man that can. raise hundreds.
In that case he finds it easy to get
together a few exceptional birds. In
this connection we must remark that
In case the breeder is looking to con
tests in the show room he will need
to make a study of the points of birds
himself that he may when he goes to
the show take only his very best in
stead of inferior stock.
Cull rigidly. Always be on the look
out for the poorest specimens of birds
and get rid of them as soon as found
and as fast as found. To permit the
culls to go right on producing more
culls or what should be culls is a mis
take. The best thing to do with culls
is to send them to the butcher, and if
there Is danger of his selling them for
breeders send them to him dressed.
Hens should be made to lay when
eggs are high in price. This can be
done, but It requires attention to
something more than feeding. The
breeding must be looked after. The
hens must be raised from early spring
chicks and must be forced forward
from birth to maturity.
One should not attempt to winter
move fowls than can be comfortably
housed. Too many birds In a house
makes it extremely difficult to keep
the air pure or the floors clean. Lice
and disease are encouraged. The at
tempt to do this usually results in dis
aster of some kind.
Eggs should be sol j to private cus
tomers, if possible, as In that way the
farmer takes to himself the middle
man's profits. Resides, private cus
tomers are usually well-to-do people
and are willing to pay a little more
than the usual customers of grocery
The human heart is like a well
strung harp a succession of sweet
tones and of discords. -,
The life of a grass widow Is not
always green, nor does it run to hayseed.
Students on Stock Farms.
A communication to The Farmers?
Review from the Iowa Agricultural
college says: The department of ani
mal husbandry of the Iowa Agricul
tural college has succeeded In placing
a large number of its students on
prominent stock farms during the
summer vacation. These positions are
beneficial to -:he student in two ways.
First and most important, it affords
them an excellent opportunity of fa
miliarizing themselves with the meth
ods of stock farming in vogue on the
most successful stock farms on the
continent. Secondly, they receive a
liberal compensation for their services,
which aids them in defraying theif
expenses during the school year. Ex
perience gained in this way serves the
student an excellent purpose in after
life, whether he decides to return to
manage the home farm, to pursue ag
ricultural instruction work or to as
sume the responsibility of managing a
stock farm. - During the past few
months the department has received a
PrAtt m On u nuiiinoto jnrr naont'
men to manage stock farms. Some cl
these positions have been filled, but
so far the demand has been greater
than the supply. In the future, how
ever, the college should be in a po
sition to supply men exceptionally
well qualified for this line of work.
Reseeding the Plains.
The reseeding of the plains grasses,
while important is no light task. The
cattle and sheep herder on wild lands
cares nothing about the future. Find
ing good feed, he continues to overpas
ture and overrun, until the earth is
tramped solid and the plants virtually
eaten down to the. roots, and theo
seeks pastures new, going on with the
work of destruction over and over
again. The soil, also, produces lest
and less, until at length the laud be
comes a bare desert, and the ill effects
of this savage procedure is felt hun
dreds and hundreds of miles away. Ia
the summer the parched and heatet
earth gives rise to cyclones and si-
moon winds that scorch and withet
vegetation even to the Mississippi riv
er and eastward. It . will take mor
years to again cover the plains wit
grass than it has taken the reckless
squatter herds to feed it off. In fact
it never can be done, unless stock can
be kept off the seeded ground foi
three years, or at least so carefullj
pastured the second and third year at
to leave the ground fairly covered with
foliage. Jonathan Periam In Intel
fists fftr 1-f n m.o - ' '
Horses nurtured on oats show mettl
that cannot be reached by the use o,
any other feeding stuff. Then, too
there is no grain so safe for hors
feeding, the animal rarely being seri
ously injured if by accident or other
wise the groom deals out an over-sup
ply. This safety is due in no small
measure to the presence of the oai
hull, which causes a given weight 01
grain to possess considerable volume
because of which there is less liability
of mistake in measuring out-- the ra
tion further, the digestive tract can
not hold a quantity of oat grains suf
ficient to produce serious disorders.
Unless the horse is hard pressed fof
time or has poor teeth, oats should bt
fed in the whole condition. Musty oati
should be avoided. Horsemen general,
ly agree that new oats should not b
used, though Bensingault, conductinf
extensive experiments with army
horses, arrived at the conclusion that
new oats do not possess the injurlout
qualities attributed to them. Feed
Mites on Cattle and Sheep.
The mite which causes cattle itch
or mange, is closely related to th
mite which causes sheep scab both
belonging to the same genus and
species, but are different varieties. Th
sheep-scab mite will not attack cab
tie, nor will the cattle mite attack
sheep or other animals. The itch mitet
are found to be very numerous upos
affected cattle, and a very small quan
tity of debris from ac actively infest
ed area of the skin will often reveal
a surprisingly large number of th
parasites. These mites may be re
moved from an animal and retain theii
vitality for along time. Specimen
have been collected and kept in small
glass bottles in the laboratory at the
ordinary temperature of the room dur
ing the winter months, varying from
45 degrees F. during the night to 80
degrees F. during the day. which
would live and remain active from
eight to eleven days. Exposure tc
bright sunlight, however, would kill
most of the mites in a few hours.
Farmers' Bulletin 152.
It Is related of an Atchison man
that he gave his first grandchild a sil
ver mug valued at S30. He bought a
tin cup for ten cents yesterday, re
marking that it was for the fifth.
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