WESTERN KANSAS WORLD
H. S. GIVLER, Publisher.
"What a constitution King Edward
must have had at the start.
Ages will have to pass before we
can have a firecracnerless Fourth of
Nursery reformers who propose to
abolish the cradle are attacking a
rock of ages.
The Polish officials who Intend to
try snubbing the kaiser will be wiser
after their experiment.
Prof. Albion W. Small thinks the
idle rich should be obliged to work.
Eut who would employ them?
By careful economy in his library
fund Mr. Schwab is able to build a
bigger house than Mr. Carnegie's.
By all means, ladies, adopt the re
form dress proposed by a Cincinnati
woman. Making and all, it cost3
Emperor William is reducing his
weight by violent exercise at ping
pong. This is equivalent to swearing
A man's idea of a good wife is one
who never asked him for money and
who doesn't sit up for him when he
is out late.
People who kill themselves because
It is hot must be thoroughly con
vinced that the other hot place exists
only in fiction.
The American artist who was en
gaged to paint the coronation will
probably now proceed to sue King Ed
ward for damages.
J. Pierpont Morgan is said to be
troubled with an affection of the
eyes. Still, it does not appear that
ha is overlooking much.
The Duchess of Marlborough spent
over $100,000 getting ready for the cor
onation. She is probably taking the
king's illness sadly to heart.
The monkey that drank too much
at a fashionable Newport dinner giv
en in his honor proved that men are
only tne victims of a far-off heredity.
The girl who was preparing for a
wedding with a man named Aired and
who eloped with a man named Swope
certainly can't be very particular about
The Moorish coronation envoy has
left London for Morocco, rejoicing
that he was "going back to a civilized
country." Perhaps he saw then
Wonderful to relate, the automo
bile race from Paris to Innspruck
was completed without the destruc
tion or even the mutilation of a sin
When the cashier of that Newport
bank was through with it the vaults
contained just $35, while the liabili
ties are $300,000. But why did he
leave the $35?
A man may figure that he is growing
old when it is disinclination rather
than dignity that prevents hhn from
getting on the picnic merry-go-round
and taking a spin.
Hamlin Garland has announced
that there are two great English
writers bow living. One is William
Dean Howells. The name of the other
he can mention with one capital let
ter. The Nebraska girls who have de
clared a boycott on all young men
who swear and lie will have a chance
to discover the truth of Mark Twain's
remark: "Be good and you will be
It costs $31.62 per capita to govern
the city of New York, and, consider
ing the sort of government the people
of the metropolis get, and considering
other facts, also, the price is infern
The news that Prof. Bristol has
shipped from Bermuda a pocket sea
serpent leads the public to feel sure
that the brand of American whisky
exported to the island is not what
it ought to be.
A British naval captain has com
mitted suicide because he was left a
fortune of $2,000,000. He considered
his responsibility too great to be
borne. What an enigma such a man
must be to Hetty Green.
Another note of warning has been
published against the use of iced
drinks during the season of hot
weather, although it would seem, that
an honorable exception might be
made in favor of the mint julep.
The Northwestern Elevated Rail
way Company has devised a car at
tachment called the "fool catcher."
It is to be hoped that it Is not so per
fectly protected by patents that it
cannot be operated outside of Illi
nois. The New York courts have decided
that a woman's picture may be used
for advertising purposes whether she
approves of the same or not; all of
which, to the layman, looks like a
particularly vicious slap at common
WHAT PK0TECTI0N IS
TRUE PRINCIPLE THAT UNDER
LIES OUR PRESENT TARIFF.
(t Fosters -National Pride and Assures
Complete Industrial Independence
Free Traders Have Nothing to Offer
In Exchange for It.
The protective tariff policy ' came
Into existence under the first adminis
tration. The protective principle was
the cardinal doctrine in the creed of
the greatest constructive statesman
America ever produced, Alexander
Hamilton. It had warm advocates in
George Washington and the other
great men who surrounded the Father
of his country during the eight years
in which he served as chief magis
trate. It has been aptly called the na
tional policy for the reason that it
exalted America above every other
nation and proposed to develop its in
dustries and resources in order that
the nation might attain industrial as
well as political independence. It was
conceded at the beginning uat to es
tablish this policy would involve some
sacrifices. It was conceded at the be
ginning that there were to b-s higher
prices for some commodities as a re
sult of protection; but it was argued
that the compensating benefits would
more than offset this. Throughout the
development of this system these hopes
have been fully realized, so that where
as at the beginning we were absolutely
at the mercy of European manufac
turers, we are to-day practically inde
pendent of them and through home
competition there has been a constant
decline in the price of all the great
staple articles of manufacture. Amer
ican labor has throughout the entire
period of our national existence com
manded a higher price than similar
labor performed in any other portion
of the world. The American laborer
has grown in independence, intelli
gence and opportunity with the de
velopment of this system, until to-day
he occupies a place undreamed of by
his predecessors of a generation ago.
The free-trader has from the begin
ning held to the doctrine of the sur
vival of the fittest without any inter
ference on the part of the government.
They have contended that in the world
of labor the spirit of national pride
should not enter. That from a busi
ness standpoint we should consider
the laborer or the manufacturer of
any other country as just as much
entitled to consideration as the manu
facturer or laborer of our own coun
try. The free-trader ha3 always had
in mind first of all the interest of
what we might style the consumer
who primarily is not a producer, that
is to say, the professional and sal
aried classes and those who live upon
the interest derived from securities.
The habit of mind can be discovered
in many fields outside those where
the protection and free-trade doctrines
ordinarily clash. For example, the
believer in free-traae will naturally be
opposed to Chinese exclusion. To the
man who believes absolutely la free
trade doctrines the Chinaman is
worthy of as much consideration as
an American. If you say to this man
that It is dangerous to permit this
country to be overrun with cheap
Chinese labor, he will tell you that
if the American wage earner cannot
compete with the heathen Chinese so
much the worse for the former. The
set phrase, "The fittest will survive,"
satisfies him at all points.
Periodically throughout our history
the free-trader by appealing to vari
ous selfish interests here and there to
vote for an era of cheapness has per
suaded the American electorate to elect
a congress and a president favorable
to the free-trade doctrines. Every
such triumph has been followed by a
period of industrial depression char
acterized by falling prices, business
failures, low wages and enforced Idle
ness. There has been no exception.
This generation had its experience be
tween 1893 and 1896. Almost every
man old enough to vote can remem
ber very vividly what took place then.
Yet it Is practically certain that in the
next national campaign, which is just
upon us, another appeal will be made
to the people to vote for a cheap era,
and if a sufficient number of them can
be caught by this stale bait it can be
confidently predicted that history win
repeat itself. It cannot be otherwise.
Cedar Rapids Republican.
Protection With Reciprocity.
There Is ample room for reciprocity
alongside of protection, but the latter
cannot and must not be supplanted.
The American producer needs markets
for his surplus products, but he is not
ready to surrender the matchless
home field in order to get them. Nor
need he. The United States, with its
industries developed under the foster
ing care of protection, has so much to
sell and is in a position to buy in
such large quantities that it cannot
command favorable terms without sac
rificing domestic interests. It was
Lord Salisbury, the British premier,
who once lamented the fact that free
trade had left England economically
defenseless. He said in substance
that his country could exact nothing
from other nations in return for trade
concessions, because it had already
given up everything, and there was
no opportunity for a quid pro quo. The
United States, on the other hand, la
economically impregnable. Protection
has aided it in perfecting a wonderful
industrial system, and it is in a posi
tion to sell to all the world. It has
almost illimitable resources ' in the
forjn of products which the world
needs. It is able to buy vast amounts
of goods which other parts of the
world supply. It holds a masterful
place and can make reciprocity min-
I Ister tc Its own Interests as well as t
those of its customers.
This 13 the principle contemplated
by the statesmen who have favore
reciprocity. The benefits are not to b
one-sided. If the United States yieldt
something In the way of trade advan.
tages the reciprocating nations musi
be equally obliging. Reciprocity wil'
not be used to destroy what protec
tion has built up. The two must gc
hand in hand. When we fcavi
reciprocity it must be with protection
That is sound Americanism and th
true Republican policy. Troy Times
RECIPROCITY WITH CANADA.
American Farmers Certain to Protest
A delegation representing the Cham
bers of Commerce of the United State
has told President Roosevelt that it
believes reciprocity with Canada wil
be of great value to American com
merce and industry. The President tolc
the delegation that he would take th
matter "under advisement." This la
usually a polite method of saying that
one is not ready to take action.
At this time Canada is the best pur
chaser of American products after the
United Kingdom and Germany. There
is no doubt that freer trade relations
with the Dominion would add largely
to its American purchases, especially
as regards manufactured goods.-Thera
)uld also be a largely increased con
sumption of American coal.
It will not be an easy matter, how
ever, to negotiate a reciprocity treaty
such as Canada desires, for the reason
that the Canadians will be more read7
to receive than to give. They will ask
for many concessions. They will ba
willing to make few. But even if a
treaty should be negotiated on what
could fairly be called reasonable
terms, its ratification would, be more
than doubtful. There are so many in
terests which would protest against a
reciprocity in which they would see an
injury to themselves.
As a matter of course Canada would
insist on lower duties on farm and gar
dent products. Against this concession
all the American farmers anywhere
near the boundary line between the
two countries would protest. They
would tell of their losses if the cheaper
vegetables, eggs and poultry of the
Casadians came into competition with
their products. These farmers are not
without influence in Congress. While
the mine owners of Ohio and Indiana
would favor free trade in coal, East
era mine, owners who do not wish to
have to compete with Nova Scotia coa!
in New England would object to it
The manufacturing interests as a rule
would look kindly on reciprocity, but
other powerful interests would oppose
So until a reciprocity project shall
have been devised which offends no
body the customs duties on Canadian
products are likely to remain as thej
are. To get up a scheme which does
not displease somebody is beyond the
power of man. Chicago Tribune.
Only the Sick Need Medicine.
There are men who believe that al
that is necessary to revise the tarifi
is to give a brief time to the cuttin,
of duties. The country was prosper
ous in 1S92 until the deSeat of Gen
Harrison made sweeping tai iff re
vision certain. Such sweeping re
vision was made in the Wilson bill
which the house passed. The Gcr
man bill, which became law, saved
the iron and other schedules, but tb
certainty of revision along . purelj
revenue lines was the leading caus
of the panic which followed the In
auguration of Mr. Cleveland. Recov
ery did not come until the passage o.
the Dingley law.
With this warning before the coun
try the general revision of the tarif,
should be made with the greatest
care. The country is prosperous be
yond precedent. Few people can be
greatly injured by retention" of th
present tariff for a season, when laboi
is so generally employed . and man
lines of manufacture are crowdefi
with orders. The Pittsburg Dispatch
an independent Republican paper
holding conservative views on tht
tariff, is right when it says that "tar
iff revision is a medicine; it may dc
some good when commerce Is un
healthy, but if, in the height of bus!
ness vigor, we begin tinkering the
industrial body witn nostrums, it maj
very soon reach the condition of bad
health." The growing sentiment
among Republicans who discuss th
question in Washington is in favor o
submitting the revision to a body o.
experts. But, whatever policy maj
be adopted, the Republican party wili
be united in its support. Indianapolis
Would Stimulate Hostility.
Reciprocity is being urged as a
means of staving off or allaying Euro
pean tariff hostility to the United
States, yet it is more calculated tc
stimulate it. Whatever concession
we make to one nation we must make
to its competitors, or else we shaL
have all sorts of trouble. The matter
of tariff would thus be transferred
from congress to the state depart
ment, and constant tinkering would
be the result. If we are going to
make changes in our tariff rates it
would be far better to make them
direct and have them apply to . all
countries, than to begin frittering
away the protection of our Industrie
piecemeal, with constant disturbance
of trade because of the uncertainties
of the future. The Interests that are
behind this movement for extending
the markets for some of our products
at the expense of others are powerful
and apparently have with them a
strong following in the senate, but ft
takes a two-thirds vote to ratify- a
treaty and hers Is where they may
fail. San Jose (Cal.) Mercury.
MAKE CHANGES IN PRETORIA.
Transvaal City Beginning to Take on
an English Aspect.
Pretoria is beginning to take on an
English aspect. Tne bronze figures
of the typical Voortrekkers, which
were intended for the base of the
Kruger statue In Government Square,
Pretoria, have been presented to Lord
Kitchener, who has had them shipped
to England in order that they may
grace as a war trophy, the Royal En
gineers' quarters at Chatham. On the
site of the Kruger statue Samuel
Marks, who has given the bronze
3gures, has offered a large sum to
place a statue of the king, and it is
further stated in a letter to the London
Telegraph that this royal British sub
ject is willing to place a statue of the
late queen on the opposite side of the
square. Already the faces of the gov
ernment buildings displays the royal
arms cut - in the solid stone. New
AN INDIAN MILLIONAIRE.
Unveiled His Own Monument and
Spoke the Farewell Words.
Probably the most unique Fourth
of July celebration in any part of the
country was that witnessed by the
people of Blackwell. Okla. Col. Black
well, who practically owns the entire
town, had invited and paid the rail
road fare of friends from all parts
of the territory to assemble near his
prospective grave in the Blackwell
cemetery. Here he not only unveiled
his own monument, but also delivered
a farewell address, during which he
lead his will, the contents of which
would denote that much of his wealth
will go for charitable purposes.
Blackwell is an Indian and is well
liked throughout the territory. Be
sides the town that bears his name he
owns a 12,000-acre coal field in Indian
Territory, and is said to be worth
Autographs at Auction.
A remarkably interesting autograph
manuscript of John G. Whittier was
sold at auction in New York lately.
It consists of twenty-two verses of
four lines each of his beautiful poem.
Another interesting item in
the same sale was a fine
four-page letter of Oliver Wen
dell Holmes, dated Dec. 29, 1855, re
lating to his address to the New Eng
land Society and discussing his views
of slavery. Still another item of great
interest was a letter of three pages
written by Washington Irving to Dan
iel Webster in regard to the former's
recent appointment as minister to
Courts Make Cut in Salaries.
Delaware courts have treated some
corporation officials to a somewhat
disagreeable surprise. About three
years ago the Thomas & Davis Wall
Paper company was formed. John
Thomas, the general manager, was
voted a salary of $10,000 a year by the
directors, other officials also getting
handsome figures. Dissatisfied stock
holders in the concern complained
against such extravagant salaries, and
now the courts have decided that Mr.
Thomas is to have $1,500 a year, other
salaries being cut in proportion.
CAUSED SEN iATION AT ROME.
Vatican Refuses to Recognize Mar
riage of Princess Raspigliosi.
A sensation has been caused i-i
Rome by the- action of the Vatican In
prohibiting a Catholic sistc- from at
tending the Princess Raspigliosi, on
the ground that her marriage to the
prince is not recognized by the
church, it having been a civil cere
mony, owing to the prince's inability
to secure church sanction, the prin
cess having been divorced from her
first husband. She was formerly the
wife of CoL Parkhurst of Bangor, Me.
She was born In New Orleans and Is
a granddaughter of Capt. Reid, a
noted figure in the Revolutionary
-war. Her marriage to the prince was
Attended by romantic features.
PROMOTION FOR GEN. YOUNG
Belief at Washington That He Will
Be Head of the Army.
Major General S. M. B. Young, now
president of the War College board,
will probably succeed Gen. Miles as
the lieutenant general of the army
Gen. Miles will reach the age of re
tirement in August, 1903, and the
president's plan is believed to be to
name Gen. Youns as his successor.
Gen. Young has been one of the
distinguished fighters of the army,
and the president desires to give him
this promotion before he retires,
which will be in 1904.
GIRL WHISTLES CHURCH MUSIC
New York Innovation That Has Met
With Decided Approval.
"Whistling in church? Why not? If
God gave me the gift to emulate the
birds, why should I not use it to his
These were the questions propound
ed by Miss Louise Truax, a charming
girl of 19 years, who took the congre
gation by - storm in the Lexington
Avenue Baptist church at New York.
Miss Truax spoke of her hopes and
"Yes," she said seriously, "I intend
to make whistling the aim of my life.
I have studied method under the best
of teachers, have received encour
agement from Mme. Schumann-Heink,
Miss Thursby and other artists of
that class, and have refused an offer
of $8,000 a year to whistle with an
opera company. I do not wish to go
on the professional stage, but I would
like to whistle in churches. The day
will come when whistling In church
will be no great novelty:"
In the Lexington Avenue church
from pastor down the enthusiasm
over the notes from Miss Truax's lips
v:is great. Accompanied by the soft
est notes of the organ, the young wo
man whistled Schumann's "Trau
merei" during the offertory. After
the sermon the congregation flocked
around her and begged her to whistle
another selection. She gave them
the "Mocking Bird' and in the even
ing, whistled "The Flower Song," by
Mendelssohn. Miss Truax hails from
Gererosity of Tammany Man.
John J. Scahnell, former fire com
missioner of New York has made glad
the heart of an eld friend, Gen.
DuBois Brinkerhoff of Fishkill Land
ing, N. Y., by buying at auction the
general's farm, which was sold to
satisfy a mortgage. After his pur
chase Scannell said to the previous
owner: "Mr. Brinkerhoff, that farm
is yours to stay on as long, as you
live. Order what you want to im
prove it and send the bills to me."
Bob Flush Lost $2,500.
In a game some years ago in Lex
ington, Ky., Henry C. White and ex
Congressman W. C. Owens, now prac
tising law in Louisville, were the
players. After the draw, White tak
ing two cards and Owens one, the
former bet the latter $500. Owens
raised White $1,800 and White called
the big bet with three duces. The
ex-congressman only had a bobtail
and White of course raked in the
New Army Paymaster General.
The next paymaster general of the
navy will- be John Niniger Speel of
Minnesota, at present fleet paymaster
of the European station on the flag
ship Illinois. Speel Is 49 years old, a
nephew of Alexander Ramsey of Min
nesota, formerly secretary of war, and
has an excellent record in the serf Ice.
which be entered, in 1875.
Portrait of Lord Russetr.
Salle, the musician, used to relatl
that the catalogue of an art exhibitioj
held la Manchester, England, in 183
was full of absurd errors. One pia
ture, for . Instance, representing t
madman sitting unclothed on the bait
ground with his arms clinched rount
bis knees, was called "Portrait ot
Lord John Russell." Halle declared
that after contemplating the so-callet
portrait of the statesman for som
time an old man was heard to re marl
with becoming gravity, "Probabl;
when he was out of office.
UE WANT YOUR TRADE
You can buy of us at whole
sale prices and save money.
Our 1,000-page catalogue tells
the story. We will send it upon
receipt of 15 cents. Your neighbors
trade with us why not you ?
HE UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME,
NOTRH DAME. INDIANA.
FULL COURSES IN Classic, Letters. Eco
.lomtcs and History, Journalism, Art, Selene
'harmacy. Law. Civil. Mechanical and Elec
rical Engineering. Architecture,
'I horousrta Preparatory and Commercial
Uooms Free to all students who have com
jleted the studies reouired for admission inl
ine Junior or Senior Year ol any of the Collect
Ro-ms to Rent, moderate chnrpe to student,
iver seventeen preparing for Collegiate Course
A limited numberof Candidatesfor the Eccls
daRtieal state will be received at special rates
St. Edward's Hall, for bovs under 13 years, i
in i que in the completeness of its equipment.
The 50th Year will open September 9, 1902
Catalogues free Address
REV. A. MORRISSEV. C. S. C. President
ST. MARY'S ACADEMY
NOTR3 DAME, INDIANA,
One mile west of the University of Notre Dame.'
Thorough English and Classical Kdncatlon
ncluding lireek. Latin, French ai d (German. Of
lompleting the full course of studies, student
eceive the Kee-ular Collegrlate Oea-rees.
The Conservatory of Mnslc is conducted bt
he plan of the best Classical Conservatories o
The Art Department Is modelled after th.
est Art Schools of Europe.
Preparatory and Minim Departments. Pt
ils are here carefully prepared for the Acs,
lemic and Advanced Courses. Oymnaslum un
!er direction of Graduate of Boston Norma
School of Gymnastics. Bookkeeping, Phonos.
aphy end Typewriting extra. Every variety o
Taney Needlework taught. For catalogue ad
DIRECTRESS OF THE ACADEMY,
t Mary's Academy, Notre Dune P. O.. Indiana
100 Students Wanted In Shorthand and Type
writing. 100 Students wanted in Telegraphy
Will contract to furnish paying position as soar
as graduated. Address O. II. LOXOWELC
Highland Park College, Des Moines, Iowa
-tc successful lv tautrht bv mail or no J
;harees. POSITIONS secured. 10.000
ttidont. "Roolrlet frMt. Add. DEPT.
& 7. DRAUGHON'S BUS. COL. St- .Louis. M
$3 & $352 SHOES IBS!
V. Lu Douglas shoes aFe worn b
more men in all stations of life than
any other make, because they are the
only shoes that in every way equaJ
those costing .V0O and $.oo.
W. L. DOUGLAS $4 SHOES
' CANNOT BE EXCELLED.
im I i aq ctn j iMi .? I A nnii
Beet Imported an1 American leathers. Heyl't
Patent Calf. Enamel, Bx Calf. Calf. Vlci K'd, Coronc
Colt, Nat. Kanraroo. Fast Color Eyelets need.
Caution f The trennlne have W. X. DOrjaLAB
vauLIVU l nam and price staanpad. on bottom.
Shoe by mail, 25c. extra. Jlhu. Catalog free,
W. l DOUGLAS. BROCKTON, MASS.
fftC- Ft ATI U PACT U
DIRECT TO tJSmtt9
norc sour ffttccs on
NrUMLE GOOD. STVUH ANB KJNAILC -
M0 WACOM 2 2S. TO- UG6lCl 3tt 2. MAM.
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mCRHAROTWACON MFC CO.. AteHtMt., Km
NEW PENSION LAWS
aVpaOs- to NATHAN BICKFORD, 914 V St.
- wasning-ton, u. j.
W. N. U., KANSAS CITY, NO. 30 1902
i. Id tl
iTiiiTi-s wnmt Li rI:R7aiia
neat usa syrup, -x-aaies uooa.
ra time, tola ot druggists.
The house that tells the truth. Jf
'Btt-- - 'm jfeT
f til II CSAVI
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