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TWENT Y-FOUKTH YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, AUG. 16, 1902. H.S.GlVLER.Prop. NUMBER 24. r i. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 uiiimiiuimuiiiiiuuiumiuuiuimimumuiuiiiiiiiuiuiu H Yeisterday aid To-Day f n'inmmmnmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmminK Yesterday, God's day, I spent In holy thought, in calm content. Amidst the ferns and grasses sweet; Where, here and there, about my feet. I found this little flower. I'd longed for such a day to be When ev'ry vine and bush and tree Should don its robe of verdant hue; Then I should gather, dear, for you. This little purple flower. And now my joy has pas&ed away; Tis but a memory to-day My happiness to you I lend. In that these violets I send May brighten up an h ir. As with all Joys, their reign is short No pleasure that hath erer been sought; No happiness, however great, Lid permanently satiate We're happy but an hour. 3- The Ransom of an Overcoat. BY JAMES BUCHANAN. (Copyright. 1902, by Daily Story Pub. Co.) Mr. E. Wilbert Marsh sallied forth one morning, with a brand new light overcoat thrown jauntily over his left arm. About half way between his lodging house and the station where he was wont to climb, up to that abominable Inconvenience, the "eie vated," he observed a young lady dart down the front steps of one of the most imposing and least flaked of the veneered brown-fronts. She carried a letter in her hand. On her head was nothing but a great glo rious mass of piled-up saffron hair. She was strikingly pretty and strik ingly conscious of the fact, if one might judge from her make-up and manner. It was evident that she vaa bound for the nearest letter-box. Hardly, however had the little kid slippers of this pleasing damsel trip ped along the pavement a dozen yards when, with the exasperating un expectedness which nature sometimes displays inher most perverse moods, it "began to rain. The attractive fig ure stopped short, wavered a mo ment and then turned back Just in time to meet young Marsh, struggling to raise his umbrella over his $25 overcoat. With a silvery laugh and, apparent ly the most perfect unconsciousness of any impropriety in thus accosting a stranger, the girl exclaimed: "How sudden!" 13. Wilbert Marsh smiled, and rais ed his hat with a gratified blush. "Would you have the kindness to drop my letter in the first box you pass?" asked the girl, putting the little square missive into the young man's hand, and gathering her skirts, preparatory to flight. The next in stant she fled, rustling and laughing, back to the shelter of the brown stone front, and E. Wilbert Marsh found himself saying "With pleasure!" to the empty air. The young lady look ed back as she was vanishing and nodded. "I wonder if she would rec ognize me, if she met me again?" mused Marsh. Then he walked brisk ly on. The rattle of an approaching train fell on his ear. He had just time to reach the station and cctch it. There would not be another train for five miautes. and it happened that he was somewhat late that morning. With an Inward vow that he would mail the young lady's letter immediately on leaving the car, he made a wild dash for the stairway and rushed upon the platform of the nearest car Just as the guard was closing the gate. Then iy "How sudden!" he slipped the letter into his over coat pocket, and straightway did what all men do under such circumstances forgot it. Presently another young man left his seat, came up the aisle, and stood ' smiling down upon Marsh. "Goic- to the ball game, this afternoon?" he asked. "Why. hello!" replied Marsh, recog nizing a chum In whose company he had aforetime done his part toward hoarsely eulogizing the national game. "Yes, I want to go. Shall, if I can get away. You going?" "Not much chanco of it. Two hun dred and fifty pieces in last night's mail! Don't know how much larger this morning's mail will be. But say. Will, if you can go, you want to. It's going to be great ball. Hutchins will pitch for our fellovs. The champions play us, and are only just a notch ahead, you know." By the time E. Wilbert Marsh left the car his head was completely full of the great game which was to come off that afternoon. . He was planning how he could get away. He kept planning all the morning. In the early afternoon he got away. He Just went. It was a glorious day and a glorious Walked away against a drizzling rata, game. The rain had let up. Every body was there. The grand stand was jammed. The bleachers groaned. The entire field was shut in by black parentheses of humanity. The visitors began to score briskly in the first inning. They made four runs in succession, with out a man out. At the end of the fifth Inning the score stood six to two in favor of the champions. Then it was that an eager face was upturned to E. Wilbert Marsh from the tier- of seats below. "Three to one that the Chicagos win!" "I'll take you," replied Marsh,, with a fierce, desperate thrill of pride and confidence in the home team. They would win yet! Anyway, it would be cowardly to go back on them in their extremity. He would try to turn their luck by betting beyond his usual figure. "Let it be X's!" he exclaimed. "All right!" responded the eager voice below. The Chicagos won. "Ill trouble you for that X." said the young man sitting at Marsh's feet, as the bleachers rose with a howl, at the completion of the last inning. The champion of the home team be gan to search in his pockets In a dazed may. He finally gathered to gether a handful of coins and two bills. "I'm stuck at $4.75," he said, ruefully. "Didn't suppose I was so short. Ought not to have bet. But say." He looked desperately at the resplendent overcoat lying across his arm. ."You'll take this coat in pledge, won't you? Ill meet you here to-morrow afternoon right here on the bleachers with the cash to redeem it." The other young man hesitated. Then he took the garment which E Wilbert Marsh tragically handed to him. and disappeared in the crowd. A few hours later, the temporary owner of the new overcoat pulled a letter out of a pocket of the garment, and stared at the envelope with startled and flashing eyes. "I'd know her writing anywhere!" he muttered. "And addressed to my rival, Sam Nie baum. Confound it! Ill open It!" He impetuously tore open the . en velope and read: Dearest Sam What a shame that your invitation to the theater, to night, came just after I had accepted aa a dernier res sort, one from that odious Fred Crombie, who has been persecuting me with attentions of late! I should not have accepted his Invitation, anyway, if I had not been just dying to hear that particular play. And then came your welcome but tantalizing , note. What a con tretemps! But, Sam, I will go with you, and I will tell you how we will outwit Fred and give him the slip. Do you be at, or near, the head of the stairway at the Brooklyn entrance of the bridge at 7:30 sharp, to-night. I will drop my fan over the stairway, as Fred and I are going up. He will, of course, run back to get it. I will then seem to be pushed upward by the crowd. Meet me at the head of the stairs. Then, adieu, Mr. Fred. Lovingly yours, OLLIE. Mr. Fred Crombie did indeed run dutifully back for the fan that even ing when Miss Ollie dropped it from the bridge stairs. But instead of re turning, he buttoned his coat, raised his umbrella against the drizzling rain which had begun to fall, and walked away to a street car. Of course, Miss Ollie found no "dearest Sam" awaiting her at the head of the stairs, sinee he had never received her letter. She rushed frantically about, got into a jam, had her opera hat crushed out of shape, her purse stolen, and the better part of her indignant wind squeezed into gasping protests. Finally, she got free, but having neither umbrella nor money, had to walk home unsheltered from the rain. She arrived in a drenched, disgusted and hysterical condition, and sneaked up to her room like a truant child. - Next day, E. Wilbert Marsh pre sented himself at the bleachers, as t j had agreed, with the ransom money for the overcoat. After the game he found precisely the same sum in the pocket of that garment, together with six of the choicest fifty-cent cigars ever swaddled in tin-foil. No wonder he thought the world must be growing better! He had totally for gotten that he did not mail a certain letter that was handed to him by a young lady. . He will never think of it again, for the evidence necessary to recall the matter to the masculine mind had, in his case, entirely disap peared, .. . .. . . CHINESE AND HIS PEN. Little Anecdote that Shows Deftness of the Oriental. A certain newspaper man, who was induced to "try" a stylographlc pen, got it out of order by reckless treat ment, and took it to a pen-shop for repair. The man there soon showed him that there was nothing serious the matter with it, the only trouble being that he had neglected to do some little thing in using it. Then he began to take the pen apart for the newspaper man's instruction, so that he might see how very simple a thing it is. "Simple!" cried the indignant owner of the instrument, "it is as complicat ed as a Chinese puzzle! I don't won der that I can't make it "go" . when I want it to!" The penman laughed. "You remind me," he said, "that there is a Chinese in this town who used a stylographlc regularly. He came here to buy one several months ago, and when I showed It to him he began to take it all apart.. I hurriedly stopped him, supposing that he would do it an injury, but he at once put down the value of the pen, saying that it was his. and then continued his dissection of it. I give you my wor that he handled that pen more deftly than the man who made it, and in five minutes he had it put to gether again, so that it worked better than it did at first. Those fellows beat the world at understanding little details. Now, an Irishman or an American I beg your pardon could never have done that; and, remem ber, it was the first pen of the kind the Chinese ever saw." Philadelphia Record. A Unique Procession. A correspondent of the London Graphic writes: "The Church of the Madonna del Rosarlo atValle di Pom peii, or. as it is called, the Madonna di Pompeii, is the best known shrine of the Madonna in the south of Italy, on account of he wonderful miracles which are supposed to be performed there. .People from all parts,, far and near, come on pilgrimage from the far distant mountains, and even from Sardinia. Some most wonderful cos tumes are Been in and' about the church, 'the contadinl come on foot, or in carts often drawn by white oxen, singing and playing on musical instru ments, tambourines, pipes, etc Often in a case of illness, girls with their i-alr down and barefooted go In -procession to tne church to intercede with the Madonna for the- sic-i person." Good for Her. The Living Church quotes this from a Connecticut woman's diary, dated 1790: "We had roast pork for dinner, and Dr. S-. who carved, held op a rib on his fork, and said: "Here. la dies, is what Mother Eve was made of "Yes," said Sister Patty, "and it's from very much the same . kind of critter.'" On Ducks. From Farmers' Review: The idea that a duckling covered only with down if allowed to get entirely wet is a dead duck is prevalent and really good it is that everyone almost be lieves this. The down, if It gets en tirely wet, is quite a while in drying, so long that the duck is very apt to chill; after it is feathered they shed the water, thus protecting the down, so it is doubtful if ever a feathered duck's down gets wet. A down clothed : duckling might enjoy Itself In water, not cold, of a warm Bunny day, with only benefit derived from the exercise, but how many would watch that they got to swimming wa ter only in such favorable times? Thus it is best to not allow ducklings water in which they can swim; nor allow them to be out in the rain until after they are- feathered. . But don't forget they must have water In a deep vessel, deep enough for them to cover their entire bill above the nos trils. If this is neglected the nostrU openings will get clogged with feed and" dirt and the duck will die. This is the only way they have of blowing their nose. Ducks blow their nose with water and hens bathe in dust, but both require lots of grit and char coal. Little chicks and ducks require their grit to be In the shape of coarse sand, or at least a large part of it to be sand. Don't let the downy duck lings bathe in water or get caught In the rain; they won't come in; it might not hurt them. We have had some that thrived on it, but it is risky; Emma Clearwaters. Natural Winter Layers. . In choosing fowls for winter laying one must be governed a good deal by the origin of the breeds. Thus it is not to be expected that birds of the Mediterranean class or those deriv JngJtheir origin from India would provfc as good layers- in the -far north as birds that originate in regions far north. The Mediterranean classes are without doubt good layers, but for the coldest weather In say Wis consin we would expect to have the best result from the offspring of such breeds as those that have been kept in North China for a thousand years and have thus been hardened in their ancestry. The breed characteristics will crop out often even in the laying qualities of the birds. This is in direct accord with the experience of the . farmers of this country. Some years ago the Farmers' Review sent out inquiries as to what fowls had been found to be the best winter lay ers. A large number of answers were received, and the majority of the re plies favored the Black Langshan The Black Langshans are from north China, a region where the mercury sinks down sometimes to 40 degrees below zero. For summer layers we -nuld select some breed from tropical or semi-tropical regions, such as the Leghorns and the games, but for winter layers we would select al ways birds that have originated in colder climates. Balanced Rations for Chicks. Rhode Island Experiment Station: One mixture of seeds was made as follows, at the suggestion of the poul tryman: For chicks from one day to six week 8 old : Mix four parts cracked oats, one of fine cracked wheat, two of rolled oats, one-half of millet seed, one-half of broken rice, ad two of fine scraps. For the first two weeks we have added one pint of millet seed leaving out scraps during the first week. Boiled eggs, three for each fifty chicks, have also been fed. . After six weeks and up to ten weeks feed the following mixture: Mix four parts cracked corn, two of fine cracked corn, one of rolled oats, one-half of millet, one-half of broken rice, one of grit and two of scraps. For chicks kept in the colony sys tem give for grain, three parts wheat and four of cracked corn. Also give the following mash three times per week, and daily after ten weeks: Mix one part ground corn, one of ground oats, and one of brown shorts. To feed the meat scraps re made the seed feed into a mash with boil ing water, mix the scraps witn it. and covered the mass until it was well steamed. This mash seems to hasten the growth of the chicks. While it seemed necessary to feed the youngest chicks rather oftener, those ten days old were fed mash in the morning, green food at noon, and dry seeds at night. Pretty for Lawn Borders.. The "crimson clover," used as a cul tivator, is charming for lawn borders or the rear sections of narrow lots. It may be successfully . transplanted, with careful treatment, and will prove a revelation to many people. ' The blossom is vivid crimson, long, point ed, and makes the prettiest of bou cr.ets. - Inefficient Skimming. J. W. Hart: Perhaps the greatest leak in creameries is inefficient skim ming, through using inferior separa tors, or on account of one or more of the following: Overfeeding the sepa rator, separating at too low tempera tures, the bowl not running steadily, or at too low speed. A separator that will skim 3,000 pounds of milk in the spring, should have its capacity cut down to 2,500 In the fall to do equally clean skimming where the speed and temperature remain the same. The skim milk should be tested daily, and the information gained by testing the skim milk should be used In reg ulating the various factors that go to make clean skimming. With a good separator intelligently run the loss of fat In the skim milk, as compared with the loss in rurning a fairly good machine by a somewhat careless op erator, might amount to one-tenth of 1 per cent. If the creamery receives 8,000 pounds of milk a day the loss of butter fat in a year would amount to 2,400 pounds which, at 20 cents a pound would be valued at $480. This is by no means an extreme case, and it is likely that the loss of fat in skimming would have to be consider ably greater before the patrons com ment upon it. Coloring Oleomargarine. The Internal' Revenue Department of the United States has issued rule3 as to how oleomargarine may be col ored. It says .that to coloring matter may be put into oleomargarine and that no butter containing coloring matter can be put Into it. Bat "if butter absolutely free from artificial coloration, or cottonseed oil free from artificial coloration or any other of the mixture of compounds legally used In the manufacture of the finished product has naturally a shade of yel low in no way procured by artificial coloration" the product, though look ing like butter, will be "subjet5t to a tax of only of one cent per pound. This seems to us a reasonable regu lation. It is well-known that butter enters to a considerable extent into the composition of some brands of oleomargarine. The law recognizes this, and no effort has been made to prevent this use of butter. At least we may feel certain that the combi nation of a small amount of butter with a large amount of oleomargar ine will not result in producing an article that cannot be told from but ter. " - Water in Butter. The government is taking steps to regulate the amount of water that can be incorporated with butter at least butter that has been reworked and that is known as renovated butter. The government is not at all certain as to what percentage of water should be allowed, but the department having the matter in charge is In clined to fix 16 per cent as the out side limit of water allowable. The Department of Agriculture holds to the opinion that no butter should con tain in excess of 15 per cent of water. The water in the best made butter will run from 10 to 12 per cent and the experts believe that three per cent is enough margin to leave. It is re ported that 16 per cent is the limit fixed by the English government re cently, though the amount in some English butter is far in excess of that. In some cases water has been pur posely incorporated with the butter, which is a thing easy to do under cer tain conditions. It is an easy way of increasing the bulk and weight of re worked butter, though doubtless it de creases its keeping quality. Scoring Milk. S. C. Keith: The Hanford-Hazle-wood Cream company in Iowa have a method of scoring milk as butter judges score butter, and there is some little rivalry among milk producers to see who will receive the highest average - score; they take pride in sending milk that will score high. I do not know whether It is practicable or not, but I honestly believe that if we could to-day.pay for milk by what it scored, and if we had a good score system, we would see them fall into line. The surest way to get good re sults is through a man's pocket book; if you can make him realize that it will benefit him financially and that it is for nis interest to send in good milk they will soon fall Into line; they will wash their cows three times a day if necessary, but if be thinks you get all there is and they get nothing they will not want to do any thing for you. - Enormous Consumption of Cheese. - Great Britain and ' Ireland import about 265,000,000 pounds of cheese each year. Canada supplies about 60 per cent of the whole. A railroad engine may be roughly said . to be equal in strength to 900 horses. ' 'RTIC0LT0RE Fruit Notes. From the most recent weekly re ports issued by the Climate and Crop Service of the Weather Bureau, we gather tne following Information con cerning fruit prospects : Georgia. Peaches, apples, pears and plums continue to rot and these fruits are below normal In quality and quantity. The dry weather has given a decided set back to the water melon crop. Illinois. The apple crop ranges from very poor to very fine. In some localities the prospects have been im proved by the rain. Though ' in some places the peach prospects are fair, they are generally very poor. Iowa. The average condition ol apples is 65, plums 50, grapes 65. Maryland and Delaware. A further, thought slight, decrease in fruit pros pects is noted throughout the section, due to continued falling and to a measureable loss of good fruit by wind gusts. Some spraying is being done in the orchards of Washington county. Early apples are now ripe, with poor to medium yields, affording an ample supply for home use in most localities, but not many for market. Peaches continue to drop freely, ex cept in the southeast where they are holding fairly well and still promise moderately good yields. Some apri cots are now ripe In Prince George's county. Japan plums are ripening in Cecil, and are falling oft freely In Anne Arundel. Michigan. Cherries are yielding only moderately and in some cases poorly. Plums indicate a light crop, but apples, pears and peaches com tinue promising. Missouri. The apple crop continues to decline and little more than one third of a crop for the state is now indicated. -' Pennsylvania- Apples and peaches are dropping in nearly all sections; cherries are good in some districts and In others a failure; and the con ditions are not such as to warrant expectations of the usual berry crop. Higher temperatures are needed to Wisconsin. Strawberries, cherries, currants and other small fruits have ripened very rapidly and improved somewhat in quality during the past few days. The prospects for apples is generally discouraging although in some localities the crop will be fair. Cranberries are in good condition. Bitter Rot of the Apples. A word now should be said upon the common name. Very commonly the infected flesh of an apple is dis tinctly bitter to the taste, but there Is much variation in this. Sometimes the bitterness is very slight, in other cases almost equal to quinine. But such bitterness sometimes results also from other causes. Other fungi produce a similar taste in the affected fruit, though those usually attacking stored apples have no such effect. The musty flavor due to common molds is altogether different. If the word bit ter is not always characteristic, the word rot is not especially appropriate. The affected tissues are never slushy soft. There is indeed no extra ac cumulation or incorporation of water. The spot Is bard and firm and at length becomes sunken somewhat from the shrinkage of the drying pulp of the fruit. There is no odor. . The apple seems to be converted into a semi-woody substance which is re sistent of decay. It is in this condi tion th&t the shriveled fruit remains for a year or more attached by its dead stem to the twig, or endures for a similar length, of time upon the ground. If, however, the . affected fruit is neither constantly bitter nor really rotten, still the name- is as ap propriate as any that can probably be found and is certainly better than that of "ripe rot" which has been pro posed. Prof. T. J. Burrill. . " Bitter rot of the apple is directly due to a vegetable parasite which, starting from a spore lodged upon the surface of the apple or in a puncture made by other instrumentalities, grows in the pulpy tissues of the fruit and in a few days bears another crop of spores, . by means of which the process may be indefinitely re peated. Four Kinds of Patrons. A speaker i t a dairymen s conven tion described four kinds of patrons of the creamery: 1. The model pa tron, the man with first-class barns,' first-class cows and first-class feed. To these are added first-class methods. Z. The dairyman that ha? all the ap pliances named above, but has 'poor methods. 3. The man that has good eows and good barns but cares noth ing about feed or methods, trying to get the most money out of the cream ery possible for the least work. 4. The farmer that bas poor barns, poor cows, poor feed and poor methods. He generally produces poor milk and lit tle of it.