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TWENTY-FOURTH YEAR. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WAKEMEY, KAN., SATURDAY, OCT. 18, 1902. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 33.
PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA NOW A BRITISH POSSESSION V V r Oats for Fowls. We notice that a contemporary says that wheat is undoubtedly the best " grain for poultry. We must differ from that opinion. We believe the grain most adapted to the develop ment of chicks is oats. It is Indeed true that birds have to be accustomed to eat oats before they will eat them constantly and in large quantities, but onie accustomed to them they eat them with great avidity. Naturally fowls prefer corn to oats. But habit reverses this preference. The writer remembers one . case -where he had kept oats from his hens for some days. They had been accustomed to that grain for months. When oats were again given it was in the form of , a mixture of corn and oats. To his surprise the hens picked out the oats in preference to the corn, eating the latter only after the oats had dis appeared. One objection raised against oats is that they sometimes puncture with their sharp points the tender membrane in the crops of young birds and even pass through the skin. The writer fed oats for years and never ex perienced any such mishap with his poultry. It might be possible in case half-starved birds were fed oats and then watered. But oats should be kept before the fowls all the time, and they should be permitted to pick at them at their leisure. They never then eat too many. In addition to the nutriment in the oats there seems to be a stimulant which the scientists call avoine. This is thought to be a valuable part of the oat as a feed. New Stock and Disease. Every farmer should realize the risk he takes when he imports into his flock stock from other flocks. Contagious diseases are almost always brought in this way. There are some flocks that are free from lice and mites as well as of disease. When a farmer has se cured "this condition of things he should go very slow about increasing the number of his fowls through pur- chue-. "tt-3theretore best, to -increase the flock through raising the birds. This may take longer than to increase it by purchase, but it will give a big ger profit. It is not uncommon to have a whole flock, swept away by some malady introduced through care less purchase of new birds. The writer had a poultry house that had been free from lice and mites for years. He regarded it quite wonder ful that he had completely exter minated the red mites. But in an un guarded moment he purchased the en tire flock of a man about to move away. The result was that the red mites were introduced and caused more loss to the original flock than the whole purchased flock was worth. Important Points in Poultry Care. Clealiness is essential to success with poultry. Young chicks should not be allowed to eat stale or sour foods. The drinking vessels or foun- . tains should be watched closely, and should be always kept full of pure water. Keep them free from bad odors bv seal diner with hot water occasion ally. As the fowls approach Maturity food should be given them in such a manner that they will take exercise. Plenty of straw or leaves should be put in their houses, and a little grain of some kind scattered therein several times a day to keep them scratching. Be careful not to overfeed or they will become too fat and will not lay. Avoid feeding too much corn in the warm months of the year. During the winter months it can be fed in the evening, as it supplies more warmth than any other food. For morning feed alternate soft mash with wheat or oats. Give also an occasional feed of vegetables either raw or cooked, They will be beneficial and much rel ished by the fowls. J. R. Brabazon. Poultry Gives Quick Returns. One of the principal advantages In poultry production is that returns come quickly. With the exception of strawberries there is practically no line of small fruits on which you can begin to realize inside of three years; . a milch cow does not approach her full power of production short of three and a half years; apple trees do not begin to bear freely short of seven or eight years; and if you go in for for est reproduction, a realization upon the investment does not come inside the life of half or even a whole gen eration. How is it with the hen? Three weeks from the setting of the hen you have a batch of chickens: from four to four and a half months from hatching, the cockerels are ready for the market, and in five to five and a half months the pullets will begin to lay. a. v. m inert. It 'a all vaw wall a ! i i for yourself, unless you happen to be a Vail nlovn. Actions of most men everlastingly kuotk ice stumng out of their good inventions. One Way of Getting Good Butter. S. E. Oaks: It has been and is now In the majority of gathered creameries the custom to make a poor grade ot butter, and it is generally caused by a poor manager and poor board of di rectors. It does not make any differ ence how good a buttermaker may be in the creamery, he can not make good butter from poor cream. But if he is backed by the board of direc tors and they will let him grade the cream, he can then make good butter. In order to grade the cream properly he should have vats enough so he can have one to put the poor cream in and should have a small tank in the wash room for the drivers to put rinsings of their cans in, and also to rinse their floats in. He should not let them rinse them over the cream vats as they do in some factories I visited last summer. You should find out right away where the poor cream is coming from and go and tell the pat ron how to care for it, and until he does take good care of it and keep it sweet so that it will not be "off flavor," he should be docked from 15 per cent to 20 per cent of the cream. Do not take this off all the patrons by putting all the cream together and making a poor grade of butter and getting a low price for it, but make two grades of butter and get the high est price for the best and get as much for the poorer grade as most of the creameries get for their butter. Farmers' Review. War on Milk Preservatives. Borax and various other chemicals are used in the preservation of meats and some other foods. Generally the argument for their use is that they preserve the foods and do not injure the eaters, as they are used in small quantities. This may or may not be true, but it is true that in milk no preservation should be used. The agent of a borax preservative com pany once called on the Farmers Re- k iev aii protested again dt tie con stant attacks on the preservatives by the Farmers' Review. He claimed that he could prove that when used to preserve bacon preservatives of the borax kind were not harmful. He was asked "how about milk?" He said that no preservative should be used in milk and that his company had free ly said that milk was not a food arti cle that should be preserved by borax or anything else. Yet borax is being constantly sold for the preservation of milk. Invalids and children are the principal sufferers. This is from two reasons. First, they are weaker than vigorous adults; second, they use far larger quantities of milk. The milkman that uses preservatives in milk does an act that approaches the criminal. Farmers' Review. What Do Your Cows Pay You? A creameryman of the Elgin dis trict made the statement that among his patrons were some who did not now and never had realized more than $35 as an average per year from each of the cows of their herds. He told of one patron who takes the trouble to keep an account of the feed he g,ves his cows and the receipts fnota milk and his average is $35. One other pa tron, who has none but common cows, realized no more than the above sum on his cows until he decided to ac cept the advice of the creameryman on the care and feed he should give them. - He was one of those patrons who, if he wanted to stay in town un til 10 o clock at night he did so, and the feeding of his half dozen cows was done after he got home. He had no particular knowledge about feed ing, but when he finally came to be lieve that he could make money by following the creamery man's advice, he went to work to learn and do his work properly. He ' succeeded in bringing his common cows up- to be ing $55 Instead of $35 cows. Chicago Dairy Produce. Look After the Hand Separators. No good thing is a success unless looked after. It is no argument against hand separators to say that raises they are taken care of they will in a year or sq become unservice able. One man urges against them that he has known people that did not wash their separators more than once a week, and that in the meantime the separators were a point of multi plication for all kinds of ferments and perhaps disease germs that got into them. But no agent of a hand sepa rator would want to sell a hand sep arator it he supposed the buyer would use so little intelligence in its care an 1 handling. We are in a state of chaos as regards our dairy matters. and It is only slowly that we are working. Into a condition - of order. But we do not believe that the hand separator is at all the cause of dia- crder. It Is uncommon sense that counts. Portuguese east Africa, which Great Britain is reported to have purchased under an agreement entered into ten years ago by Great Britain, Germany, and Portugal, has an area of 301,000 -Square miles and a population of 3,120,000. Its ports are Delagoa bay, which has a railroad connection with the Transvaal, and whose possession is Britain's principal object in buying the territory; and Beira, from which there is a railroad line in to Rhodesia, 222 miles in length, and which may go into Germany with the northern part of tie territory- The possession of Delagoa bay gives Great Britain a "FIGHTING JIM" JOUETT DEAD. His Splendid Record as Admiral of United States Navy. Rear Admiral James E. Jouett, U. S. N.. retired, died at bis home, the ,ATcbrs?e.Sano-y Spring, Md.. , last week. He was 74 years old and had a long and distinguished career. He was retired in 1890. Rear Admiral James E. Jouett, "Fighting Jim" Jouett, was born at Lexington, Ky., Feb. 27, 1828. He en tered the navy as a midshipman in 1841. His brilliant career really 'be gan on the night of Nov. 17, 1861, when as lieutenant of the United States frigate Bantee, he led a hazard ous boat expedition against the con federate warship Royal Yacht, oft Gal veston, Texas. He captured and des troyed the Royal Yacht, and in the hand-to-hand encounter on her decks, when he and his gallant men boarded her, he received a severe pike wound in the arm and side. Jouett was made a captain in 1874, a commodore in 1883 and a rear admiral Feb. 19, 188G. In 1885, while in command of the naval torces on the north Atlantic station, Jouett, by his prompt, firm and judicious course dur ing the rebellion on the Isthmus of Panama, restored order, re-established transit, prevented great destruction of property, and loss of life and was in strumental in bringing about a surren der of the Insurgent forces In the United States of Colombia, reflecting great credit upon this country and himself. - Attar of Ylang-ylang. Attar of ylang-ylang. which rivals the attar of roses as an exquisite per fume and sells at $40 to $50 or more a pound, Is the product of an Asiatic tree that reaches its highest develop ment in the Philippine Islands, ac cording to the St. Paul Globe. The tree grows to a height of sixty feet; when 3 years old begins bearing long greenish-yellow flowers, and at the tge of 8 may produce yearly 100 pounds of these Cowers, blossoming every month. The attar is obtained by simple distillation of the choicest petals with water, no chemicals being used. Besides its valne as a perfume tor hair and toilet waters, the prod act is prized among the natives as a medicine, being credited with curing toothache and other pains.- . iff fwAwk port for the Transvaal and a naval bas6 on the west coast. Commercially the territory has great promise, par ticularly in mining. Thousands of gold claims have been staked out by Britishers under concessions . from Portugal, and . their development awaits only improved transportation facilities. Rubber, ores, wax and ivory are? the principal exports. Imports have in late years amounted to $7,500. 000, and exports to $800,000 annually. Portugal has-received from the terri tory in revenue $5,000,000 annually, of which three-fifths has been expended in 'its administration. BACK TO ITALIAN POST. United States Ambassador Meyer Takes Up Duties at Rome. George Von L. Meyer, ambassador of.the United States to Italy, who was jrh - . .. Ambassador Meyer. reported on his way to this country for the purpose of retiring, and who has just left London for his- post at Rome, with the evident intention of again taking up his diplomatic work, was appointed to the court of Victor Emmanuel in December, 1900. He had no previous diplomatic experi ence, but is a man of large means and wide business associations. Born in Boston forty-four years ago, he was educated at the public schools and entered politics by way of the Boston common council in 1889. He after ward served as a speaker of the Mas sachusetts legislature and member of the national Republican committee. LADY DILKE'S GOOD WORK. Wife of Great English Liberal Leader a Philanthropist. Lady Dilke, wife of Sir Charles Dilke, the prominent English Liberal leader, is ore of the hardest of bard workers for the betterment of the let and conditions of working women. She is president of the Women's Lady Dilke. Trade Union League, and under her intelligent leadership much improve ment has been made in the lot of Eng lisa working women. tea Rejects the Starvation Remedy. In a paper read at the last meeting of the American-Poland-China Record Association, held at Cedar Rapids, Ia Mr. H. L. Sweet said, relative to the effect of judicious diet on fecundity. There is no hard and fast rule to be laid down regarding the treatment of the brood sow. The method to be pur sued is to be determined largely by the condition of the animal herself. When I purchased Lady Louise in the fall of 1900. I suppose very few of the breeders who were gathered around the sale ring at that time believed that she would prove a breeder, and. In fact, I think she is the only one of that litter of fine sowb sold at that time who actually did breed. I brought her home, and so far from starving her fed her all she cared to eat, the ration consisted of ground oats, middlings and skimmed milk.' She was allowed to run in a lot and provided with a bed in one of the A shaped houses used by so many breed ers. She was bred about December 1, and the latter part of March farrowed nine healthy, active pigs, one of which was accidentally killed when a few days old. The rest lived to be six months old, when one was killed by accident. The sow was resold to Mr. Winn, and it is fresh, in the minds of all of you how readily she was refitted for show, and how successfully. I be lieve thoroughly that this sow could not have been successfully fitted the second time had she been subjected to the starvation treatment as a method of reducing her flesh, and I also be lieve that her young were stronger and more vigorous as a result of her liberal feeding. See to the Horse's Feet. The horse's feet should be frequent ly examined, if he is to be protected from such accidents as the picking up of nails, glass and strips of metal of various forms and sizes, says an ex change. The frequency with which such accidents occur should cause In creased vigilance on the part of those that handle horses. If the horse steps on a nail, even though the head be up, he may catch it in a part of the foot that forces it out of the rotten board in which it was previously held. The next step of the horse drives the head of the nail further into its rest ing place in the foot. The point of the foot that is most subject to such mis haps Is the frog and the cleft just be hind the frog.- Not only metal but splinters of wood find their way into this vulnerable region and become the cause of pain to the horse, with sub sequent lameness. It is fortunate for the horse if the injury Is such that he shows lameness, thus leading to an in vestigation of the feet and discovery of the cause. But a good many times the Injury is not sufficiently great to cause a show of lameness, but it is great enough to cause pain to the poor beast, and that for days at a time. Frequently this is -manifested by a disinclination to rest the weight on this foot when in the stable. In mo tion the pain is not sufficient to pre vent the horse putting his foot down as usual. Such injuries are found for the first time when the horse has to be rushed. Humanity should lead us to frequently examine the feet to see that all things are in a normal condition. Growth of the Packing Industry. The steady growth in the meat packing industry is shown by the cen sus reports. In 1850 the amount of capital invested in the meat packing business was $3,482,500, which was then considered a very large sum. By the last census this investment had grown to $189,198,264. Fifty years ago there were 185 establishments in which meat packing was done;, now there are 921. Half a century ago the labor was done by 3,276 employes; in 1900 the number employed was 68.534 Wages paid during the last census year amounted to $33,457,013 against $L231,536 fifty years before. The value of the finished products had Increased from about $11,000,000 to over $785, 000,000. The number of establishments Increased over that of half a century ago, but is less by 2,000 than it was ten years ago. This is due to the ab sorption of the little plants by , the large packers. Farm Poultry. . . The vigor of farm poultry must be kept up in order to have profitable stock, as weak, inbred stock does not thrive or lay well. There is a mis take made in calling for extremely heavy weights in a breed. Select birds about the standard weight - for the chosen breed, and get them thick fleshed and solid. . Avoid a knock kneed or crooked-back bird, and a low comb is preferable in dressed birds. The active, alert hen is the layer. Se lect eggs from your best layers for batching, and use pure breeds by all means, as they dress more uniformly, and will give best all-around satisfac tion. Myron A. Gee in Farmers Review. The disinfection ot stables after a period of constant use should be a part of routine practice.. Dairy stables in particular should be disinfected twice a year and oftener if the conditions demand it. It is not possible to give many stables that thorough disinfec tion that is possible in houses, because their construction will not admit of it, but it is possible to do very much and at little expense. The ideal method of disinfection is by means of a gas as that : would have the power to penetrate every where. The effectiveness of this method depends upon securing a large volume of gas and maintaining it for some time. Unless the stable can be made tight, a gas will be of little use. For all practical purposes the gas produced by burning sulphur over a pot of coals is the best if used in connection with steam. The dry sul phur fumes have little germ killing power, but when combined with the steam -in the air it forms a compound that is deadly. The boiling of water and burning of sulphur should go to gether. Formaldehyde gas is not bo efficient for stable disinfection as mary would have us believe. A very practical means of disinfection that may be used under almost every stable condition is by whitewashing. This Is not expensive for material and is very easily applied by means of an inexpenrive fruit spray pump. The lime should be thoroughly slacked and strained through cloth and made just thin enough to work well through the nozzle. One man can apply two coats of whitewash with a pump and reach all parts of side and ceiling of a room in about one-fourth the time required with the brush. Whitewash will kill or hold the germs with which it comes in coniact. It has the effect too of making the barn lighter and cleaner. After the first spraying, one application will usually be sufficient if given regularly. As the business of supplying milk to cities and creamer ies - is of large proportions . and de--pends upon cleanliness, this precau tion of disinfection should be regu larly followed. A. W. Bitting, D. V. S., M. I)., Veterinarian Indiana Ex periment Station. : . .. In Behalr of Milch Goata"""" H. S. Homes Pegler, secretary of the British Goat Society, and author of the "Book of the Goat," says: "I France the subject of goats and tuber--culosis has received more attention. Professor Nocard stated some seven or eight years since that out of 130,000 goats and kids brought to Paris for slaughter at the shambles of La Vil lette every spring, the meat Inspectors of that city failed to discover a single case of tuberculosis. He even added that inoculation fails to introduce the fatal bacillus into the system of the goat, although I believe the statement has since been questioned; anyway, I have been told by veterinary authori ties in this country that attempt made in England have failed. Goats' milk as a diet for children has many advantages over cows' milk, as I have often demonstrated, but this one great virtue transcends all others, and It is inconceivable that parents knowing this, and having the opportunities and accommodation for goat-keeping, should not avail themselves of so simple and economical a means of at once providing their children with the most easily digestible and most nour ishing of food, and safeguarding them from one of the greatest evils that civ ilization of the present day is sub ject to. Cheese of Pasteurized Milk In Sweden A United States consul in Sweden says: Chrse of pasteurized milk has lately been considered - almost impos sible to produce, and dairymen have been at a loss how to use the churn milk, which has been sold as feed for pigs or thrown- away. A short time ago, a chemist at Stockholm Dr. Fran a dander succeeded in effect ing a preparation that, solved the above-mentioned difficulties. Owing, to this discovery, which has been named "caseol," palatable and nour ishing cheese, free of tubercular bacil li, can now be made from pasteurized ekim milk. This preparation has, moreover, the excellent quality of? rendering i cheese more digestible. Several dairies in London have made experiments with caseol, with the same favorable, result. I will gladly procure samples of caseol for any of our dairymen who may ' desire to make trials with it. . Room for Capons. " T. Greiner: Capons stand crowding. While there is a limit to the num ber of laying hens that one can keep with profit, there is practically no limit to the number of capons. Tou can keep as many as you have room for. They will do Just as well when in a flock of a hundred as when there are only jl dozen. They are hardy and remarkably exempt from disease.