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r TWENTY-SIXTH YEAK. Yearly Subscription $1.00. WA-KEENEY, KAN., SATURDAY, APR. 23, 1904. H.S.GIVLER.Prop. NUMBER 8. LIVE STOCK likely to over-eat on - hay than on, grains. When not at work, the grain ration of the horse should generally be reduced from one-third to one half in amount. r J II I KAyAiS W Art Enamels. Beautiful products of tho enameler's art play so important a part in our surroundings of to-day that we wonder how we ever did without them. Some of the buttons on the velvet coatees, with their paste gems introduced into the midst of the enamel, are veritable works of art, and the small jeweled charms, as also the bonbonnieres, all enameled in vivid colors, are quite a revelation. Some of these represent automobiles and are filled with choco lates, or, if intended to hang on a chain, sometimes with scent. This kind of jewelry lends itself so well to the velours supline, which can be draped like satin. In Paris velvet carries all before it, simply made in the perfection of style, which necessi tates not only a good dressmaker, but handsome ornaments. Misses' Blouse or Shirt Waist. Shirt waists and shirt waist gowns grow more popular with each incom ing season and are shown In almost limitless variety of material. This pretty and stylish waist is adapted both to the gown and to wear with the odd skirt and to the entire range of seasonable fab rics. The model. however, is made of pale blue mer- 4885 Misses' Blouse cerized chambray. or Shirt Waist, 12 to 16 years. and is worn with belt and tie of blue ribbon. The plain back with the tucked fronts are much liked, and the sleeves are the favorite ones that are snug above and full below the elbows. The waist consists of fronts and back, the former being tucked at the shoulders and finished with a regula tion box plait. The sleeves are cut in one piece each and are gathered into straight cuffs. The quantity of material required for the medium size Is 3 yards 21 or 27 inches wide, or 1 yards 44 inches wide. The pattern4685 is cut in sizes for misses of 12, 14 and 16 years of age. Wide-shaped girdles are the proper waist finish. Insertions of colored lace trim some of the sheer white blouses. Tucks of all sorts of circular and crescent-shape design are used. Hand work is more in evidence than ever in the fashionable ward robe. Stiff little hedges of foliage and flowers encircle a few of the hat crowns. Surplice waists are to be much worn by the woman with a pretty throat. Those printed bobbinets in big flow ered designs are wonderfully attract ive. A sheaf of flowers lying on the arm Is said to be the most convenient form for the bridal bouquet. Tnere is a tendency at present to relegate the trimming of skirts toward the middle when it is applied horizontally. A Hint to the Clever Needlewoman. The new fishnet, Arabe-tinted cur tains, show mercerized applique orna mentation, which gives a stained glass effect to the curtains when the light gleams through them. They furnish a suggestion to the clever needlewoman. Why should she not decorate fishnet with applique work of her own designing and obtain much more artistic results and at one-quarter the cost. Flower Parasols. A bewitching fad of the coming sea son will be the floral parasols. The foundation of these dainty creations will be chiffons, mousselines,, liberties and other gauzy materials. These plain foundations, however, will be trimmed and in some instances entire ly covered with artificial flowers. A daisy parasol, for instance, will be made of green liberty silk, and will have a bow knot design of white dais ies on It. with a border of the same. The parasol point will also have a mass of the daisies tied with green gauze ribbon to match the parasol proper. An orchid parasol will have a violet thiffon foundation, and it will be sim- Pretty Waist That May Be Made In Two ' Combinations Simple and Convenient Overalls for Youth Some Beautiful Products of the Art of the Enameler. ply massed with these exquisite vel vety blossoms, from the wooden tip to the slender ivory handle. Violets, pansies. carnations and all the floral favorites will figure promi nently in this new fad, but, of course, such a parasol can only be carried on very dressy occasions. When sprinkling clothes use hot water. It damps clothes more evenly than cold. Keep nickel silver bright by rub bing it with a woolen cloth dipped in spirits of ammonia. Ermine and other white furs are easily cleaned by rubbing with a flna nel cloth dipped in dry flour. It is well to first dry the flour in the oven, taking care not to brown it, and to use it while still hot. In ironing handkerchiefs it is use ful to remember that the middle should be ironed first. To iron the e'ges first causes the middle to swell out like a balloon and makes it diffi cult to Iron satisfactorily. Test the iron carefully before using it. A piece of rag should be at hand for this pur pose. Youth's Overalls. Overalls are essential to the neat ness of the youth who is engaged in any manual pursuit, whether for pleas ure or profit, just as aprons are es sential to that of the girls who em ploy themselves about the house or in such occupa tions as painting, pyrography and the like. Those illustra ted are quite simple and easily made and are suited to den im, linen crash and all the materi als used for gar.683 Ycath's Overall, ments of the sort. 10 ,e The leg portions are large enough to allow of drawing over the trousers without being uncomfortably . loose. The fronts are extended to form a gen erous sized bib, but the back termi nates at the waist line. Openings are provided at the sides which button into place and pockets are inserted in the front portions, while a patch pock et is stitched onto the right side of the back. Straps are sewed to the upper edge of the back which pass over the shoulders and are attached to the fronts by means of buttons and metal fastenings, and above the bib are supplied with buckles by means of which the length can be regulated; but these can - be cut of the exact length and attached with buttons and buttonholes when preferred. To cut these overalls for a youth of 14 years of age 2 yards of material ECRU WITH No combination 13 more fashion able than white with corn. This styl ish waist shows the ecru in repress lace, the white in cream crepe, and is charmingly attractive. When liked, the sleeves can be" made in elbow length and the yoke, quite separate, so making the waist with both high and low neck and rendering it easily 27 inches wide or 2 yards 32 inches wide 'Will be required. The pattern 483 is cut in sizes for youths of 10, 12, 14 and 16 years of age. Fancy Blouse. , Box plaits combined with tucks or shirrings are among the novelties that are genuinely attractive as well as new. This pretty waist admits of either combination and is eminently g raceful and smart. The model is made of pale blue messaline sat in, with yoke and cuffs of cream lace, and is tucked, between the plaits, but all of the soft and pliable materials of the season are appro priate and shir 4684 Fancy Blouse, 32 to 40 bust. rings can be substituted for the tucks whenever preferred. The drop yoke and the deep gauntlet cuffs make noteworthy features and the crushed belt is both fashionable and in har mony with the design. The back blouses slightly over the belt but can be drawn down snugly when pre ferred. The waist consists of the lining, the front and backs which are arranged over it. The yoke is separate and is arranged over the waist after the sleeves are sewed in, the closing be ing made Invisibly at the back edge of Jthe yoke and beneath the box plait. The sleeves are the favorite ones of the season and form soft full puffs above the cuffs but are tucked to fit the upper arms sungly. The quantity of matrial required for the medium size is 4 yards 21 inches wide, 3 yards 27 inches wide or 2 yards 44 inches wide with yard of silk for belt and 1 yards of all over lace. The pattern 4684 is cut in sizes for a 2, 34, 36, 38 and 40 inch bust meas ure. Readers of tht. nunnr Mn Mmim .nw u.w Man too pattern illustrated above by filling out ail blanks in coupon, and mailing, with 10 cents, iO Z. E. Harrison & Co., 65 Plymouth Place, Chi igo. Pattern will be mailed promptly. name Town State Pattern No.. Waist Measure (if for skirt) Bust Measure (if for waist) Age (if child's or miss's pattern) Write plainly. Fill out all blanks. TCiM-inm lOe. Mail to E. E. Hairiaoa At Co.. Plymouth Place. Chicago. WHITE. convertible. The quantity of material required for the medium size is 4 yards 21, 34 yards 27, or 2 yards 44 Inches wide, with 1 yards of all over lace. ' ' x A May Manton pattern. No. 4660, sizes 32 to 40, will be mailed to any address on receipt of ten cents. . Preservatives In Milk. From Germany comes the report of the invention of a new milk preserva tive so powerful that it will destroy all bacteria in milk and will then dis sipate itself in water, making it im possible for the chemist to discover its presence, especially if it has been kept a day or so before being tested. There is no doubt that if this pre servative were introduced Into this country it would have a ready sale with some of our milk handlers. Their policy has been to buy those preserva tives that cannot be detected. First they were using borax in ore form or another, but the chemist had no trouble in detecting that kind of a preservative. Then the users of pre servatives changed to salicylic acid, but the chemist followed them. After that some one suggested that formal dehyde could not be detected and at once there was an enormous sale of this deadly chemical for the use of milk handlers. It took the chemists some time to find a way of detecting formaldehyde, but they did find a test in the end. Now the sellers of these compounds are looKing for something else that can be used to mystify tho chemists. How many deaths have been caused by the use of these drugs in milk we will never be abla to tniexn. What ever preservative is used in other food materials, none should be used in milk that has a harmful effect on the human system. We say harmful, be cause there are preservatives, like sugar and molasses, that are not in themselves harmful to the digestive systems. As- yet many of our states have taken no action to prevent the use of preservatives in milk. Canadian Cheese in Great Britain. Canadian cheese is apparently tak ing a very high place in the market of Great Britain. It long ago drove out American cheese, which had ob tained a bad name from the amount of filled cheese that was sent from this country under the name of full cream cheese. Last year Canada sup plied 68 per cent of all the cheese used in Great Britain, the money re ceived from Canadians from this source being over $21,000,000. So much for honestv in mRrmfftr-tiirari product. Legislation has much to do wu" me success of the business of a country, as is seen in the case in hand. When Americans were debat ing whether It was right to prohibit the making of filled cheese, Canada nau already passed a law prohibiting the manufacture of a nnnnri f that kind of cheese for any purpose. Some men saia that it was tyrannical, but others said it was good business fore sight. The monev that baa mile into Canada since that time on account of Its good cheese has proved that the legislation was the best kind of a business policy. After that time me united states passed a law mak ing it practically impossible to manu- mciure niiea cneese for sale in. this country, but we still permit the manu- iaciure or sued cheese for export to foreign countries. Some of our manu facturers are taking advantage of the law to make for English trade the same kind of cheese that lost us our trade in the first place. It goes out of the country properly branded, but it is very doubtful if it is retailed on the other side of the water as filled cheese. A Check on Siberian Butter. During, the last few years Siberian and Russian butter has become a very important factor In the European market. About 16,000 tons of Siberian butter went to England each of the recent years, and several thousand tons more to other European coun tries. It had been Improving in qual ity to- such an extent that it was prov ing a strong competitor to the butter made in Denmark, France and other countries. The Russian government was fosterlne this trade minir t tha trouble of providing refrigerator- steamers to carry the butter from Baltic ports to England. But now the outbreak of the war in the East has apparently paralyzed the whole traf fic, at least so far as Siberian butter is concerned. The government . has found it necessary to use the Siberian railway almost exclusively for the transportation of troops and of army supplies. As it is a single-track road. It does not- require very much of a traffic to test Its capacity. It Is there fore very doubtful if the butter can at the present be shipped west. Per haps the government will be able to take the entire output of the Siberian creameries for use in Its Asiatic army, but in any event the butter must temporarily- dlsaDDear from tha Trn o-h. market. Every attemDt CO TnalTA nthara happy, every sin left behind, every temptation trampled under foot, every step forward in the cause of what is rood, is a" sten nearer the, unu rt Christ. Dean Stanley. . .. Rnavlnn Prof. N K Vavn at tho Kansas Agricultural College, in his book on me ware or Animals," has the ioi lOWinsr in oav nr. ,nowlv There are three general methods of spaying. First, through the vagina. This method is applicable only to large animals - as rtwo anil mai-AR. where the vagina is large enough to receive me hand. The animal is con fined In a standing position. The left hand is Inserted into the vagina or uterus. An incision Is then made in the upper front part of the wall of the vagina, just In front of the uterus. The left hand is Inserted through the incision, me ovaries are found on either side of the uterus and removed with for this purpose. This is an excellent uiemou wnen it can be used. Second. The flank method. Thig is USed mOStlV fnr hoifor-a orH though some surgeons also use it for bitches. Heifers are confined in the 8tandiner Doaitlrm In Btnnhinna anil crowded against a wall on the left Biae. ine nair is clipped from a space about six inches long and two Inches wide, between the point of the hip anu me last rib, antiseptics used, and an Incision four a five inches long maae through the skin and muscles. Some operators orefer th left side. but the "rumen" or "paunch" is some what In the way. The left hand, pre viously cleaned and oiled, is inserted, the ovaries found lying on either side of the uterus or womb, and removed with an emasculator or spaying shears. The wound is closed with two strong stftches. antiseptics being ueu. noin ovaries are removed through one inrdninn A sow is laid on a table, the mouth firmly tied with a strip of strong cloth to prevent biting. The Incision can be made on either side: The tube connecting the ovary with the Utenu is found and fnllnwaf tr tho ovary, which can be removed by tear ing on wiin the thumb and finger. The other- ovary is removed in like manner inrougn the same Incision. Third. Throueh tha hallv This is Used mostly on bitches. It la also used on sows and heifers, but is not SO good as the flank met hod nn a re count nf tho HAtlirpp of tt I . - lowing, and because of the difficulty ui maxing tne stitcnes hold. In all animals the ovaries can be distinguished by the firm dense struc ture, which, if once felt, is easily recognized. The ovaries are ovoid in form and vary in size from a large nicKory nut. In cows and mares, to the size of a pea in small dogs and Cats. After COWS or Rnwa ara snATffii they should not be turned with males un me wounas nave healed. They should be watched tr dm that fllaa An not attack the wounds and deposit eggs, which develop into maggots. To prevent me aitacKS by meet, tar uauoea over me wouna is excellent. Feeding the DriverX The- driver, being a road horse, and one used to draw the family carriage, needs to be well-fed If he is to be enabled to keep up his "action" so called, which is a part of the thing we call style. A driver that has been fed only a rough feed for a month or more will go onto the road with little indication of the Btyle his owner wishes him to show. Give him a good feed of oats twice a day for some weeks and his whole character seems to be changed. He will then go onto the road and display a style that will be the delight of the man that is driving him. For the driver there is no better concentrated feed than oats, and this fact has come generally to be recog nized by the breeders and develop ers of carriage horses. Tet we have known men to feed their driving horses a uniform diet of timothy hay and corn the year round, and then complain. because the animals did not show the proper spirit on the- road. How. many oats should be fed, will be a question answered in all kinds of ways by feeders and drivers. For a good-sized driving horse ten or twelve pounds of oats a day will prove to be sufficient, when the horse is do ing a fair amount of work. Barley, wheat and bran, enter large ly into the ration of the driving horse at times, but these can Sever take the place now occupied by oats. They may take the place of the oats for a short time to give variety. A feed of bran now and then will nave a cooling effect. it Is usual to allow enough hay to bring the total weight of the daily feed up to 22 to 25 pounds. The horse reason some people have got into the habit of feeding too much con centrates and too little of the bulkier kind of ration. As a result, a' good many of our driving horses are over fed and under-exercised. This sort of treatment greatly lessens the life of the usual driving animal. Where an animal is driven little, heavy feeding should not be practiced, especially of the concentrates. A horse is far law How Cholera Is Spread. - Without doubt the best way to keep hog cholera out of a herd Is to pre vent any hogs that have been exposed -to cholera coming into the said herd. The next precaution should be to pre vent men that have been where hog cholera Is, going Into pens and yards, where there are healthy herds ol swine. We have frequently spoken of this as a means of bringing In cholera, but it is doubtful if we attach the im portance to it that we should. A man that was for some time connected offi cially with one of our leading experi ment stations told the writer a few days ago that the cholera had been brought to that station again and again by visitors from farms where the hogs had the cholera. Men would come to the station and want to see the hogs. They, would get over into the yards, handle the animals, and be fore leaving would carelessly remark that they had been losing a good many of their hogs from cholera. In due time after their visit the hog cholera would break out in the ex periment, station herd. It is not possible for the station of ficials to cross examine every man that wants to look at the hogs, but the men themselves should ,bave enough intelligence to realize that they are likely to carry the disease from their own herds to others. No man that has cholera in his herd should visit a herd having no cholera, unless he wears clothinar he is rensm.. ably sure is free from hog cholera germs. The Horn Fly. The horn fly is one of the importa tions we have made from Europe. It made the most trouble during the first few years after its advent, but since that time has given considerable cause for complaint in different parts of the country, It resembles the com mon house fly, but is somewhat small er. These flies generally appear i. great swarms and light on "the heads of cattle by hundreds, the annoyance to the cattle of course being very great Their habit of collecting near the base of the horn is what gives them their name. As they live on the blood of the cattle it may well be seen that an attack by a few hundreds of them is a serious matter. They are very persistent in their attacks, and usually have to be killed before they will give up. Their power of extract ing blood from the animal Is not the only thing that makes them a serious pest. They inject a fluid into the wound, the obvious purpose of which. Is to make the blood flow more freely. This fluid, whatever its character, has the ulterior result of making the ani mals very uneasy. - Some of the remedies used have been dusting insect powders or finely ground tobacco over the insects. Oils of various kinds have been used. The eggs are laid In the fresh droppings of the cows, and it has been sug gested that their hatching might b prevented by covering them with lime. In a pasture, however, this is not practicable. No remedy has yet been employed that is entirely satisfac tory. Sheep Feeding Corral. f In the west sheen feariin are quite extensively used. When feeding racks are used the sheep get "utu me nay out of them and trample It under foot Tho mn. fectlve, convenient and economical ar rangement for feeding sheep has been found in-a corral ennstmota tIona of board fence so arranged that hay can be scattered along one side of the fence, while the sheep are on the other side. The fence should be boarded tight up to the height of the sneep s neck. A space should then be left of proper size for th hun'. head. No hay is pulled through the zence Dy the sheep while feeding. Test the Seed Com. Again we call the attention of out readers to this Important subject, al though we have already touched it several times in our columns of late. Only two weeks ago we published an important communication from the University of Illinois on this subject, showing how, easily the testing could be done as well as the Importance of it. In an ordinary year the matter would not be so pressing as it is this year. The last growing season was so wet and continued wet so long that the corn was slow in drying out, and,, as a result, much of it must have had the germ injured by the frost. The re ports that come to us from widely separated states show that the trouble is very - widespread. The testlnx should be done at once, so that If the supply now on hand is not found to be reliable, there will be time to se cure seed from other points and test it before seed time comes. It is not always possible to determine the worth of. seed by the number of ker nels that germinate, for some of then : germinate so -weakly that they would) not, wake good stalks in any case. The real foundation for testing should be the kernels that send out stroac sprout. Farmers' Review- - .