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The Wpcfprn Kancac Wnrfri
ssw 1 1 rara u uuis7V4? f f VI 1 U " H. 8. GIVLKR, Pub. WAKEBNEY KfNSAS Dear Czar To make alcohol us -drinkable, freeze it. Please send on the $25,750. New York reports that money is cheap. Better have your coffers filled up for the summer. i Sir Edwin Arnold's little Japanese widow must feel doubly like a stran ger in a strange land now. "A good woman." he said, "is too food for any .man, but it's a blamed good thing she doesn't know it." They are going to have an official inspector of cats in New York. What's the matter with a cat rescue league? Prof. Gayley of California univer sity has severely criticised a class of girls for giggling. sGirls will be girls, professor. Every parent who has longed for a boy and been blessed with a girl - in stead knows just how Lord and Lady Curzon feel. Wooloomooloo Bay, Australia, is the scene of a recent athletic triumph. Paraphrasing an historic saying, what a name for to yell! Korea's emperor has hundreds of wives; almost as foolish as Solomon, who was wise enough until he ac quired the marrying mania. Good news from Georgia: The crop of peaches this year will be the big gest and best ever known. We can feel 'em melting in our mouth already. The Japanese cavalry is reported to be very weak. It may yet be neces sary for the little yellow fellows to call in the services of the Missouri mule. A cable from Tokio says the Japa nese did not lose a single man in the last attack on Port Arthur. The losses were probably confined to mar ried men. Mayhap in the years to come the Long Islander who was jailed on his bridal eve will look backward on the restful period he once knew and fail 'ed to enjoy. The Chicago man who, has applied for an injunction to prevent his wife from playing the races may be seek ing an injunction to keep her from going shopping next. When a lonely old man wants to go to the circus and has no grandchil dren as an excuse he realizes the truth of all that the president has said about race suicide. Clyde Fitch is going to Sicily for four months to rest, and says that he will liave two new comedies completed before his "vacation" ends. Clyde Is a regular polywog of industry. If every man would put as much ginger into his work as a pig puts into motion when it scratches its back against a board fence there would be fewer failures in this world. St. Louis people have at last been assured that the maharajah of Jey pore will wear his $3,500,000 worth of diamonds when he visits the fair. The gentleman is taking long chances. Have another slice of bread and help pay the war expenses. That is the logic of the situation the world over. Two empires fight against each other and all mankind pays the cost. It cost the state of Illinois $4,123 to . convict the Chicago car barn bandits. These luxuries come high, and the public may be fully excused for de ' siring to discourage the bandit busi ness. If the czar would mobilize the edi tor of the . Novoe Vremya and send him against the Japs the war would not last a week. It -is too bad to see bo much belligerent energy wasted on windmills. Mr. Quay, who has been ordered by his physician to smoke only half a cigar a day, complies by having his cigars made three or four times the usual size and length. Mr. Quay is a resourceful statesman. The ' Chicago Daily News asks "What do you think would be the state of your pulse were you to lose $5,000, 000. In a week, as Cotton King Sully Is reported to have done?" . Really, it would be quite impossible. - The world gets some queer theories .nowadays. Dr. Hall of Clark univer sity says that men ought to dance until 80 years of age and Dr. Morrill of Minneapolis is urging a system 1 of dieting at saloon free lunch counters. A California hotel company has had to pay a New- York lady $35,000 for a leg which she lost In an elevator "acci dent. But the dispatch refers to It as a "limb." A leg that Is worth $35,000 should be called a leg. To the low with limb. People are beginning to turn up In all parts of the world who were In Port Arthur the night of the first Jap anese attack. In a few years a care ful count will show that no less than half a million people actually saw this light as it happened. - THE KANSAS OIL FIELDS No Known Reason Why . Valuable Deposits - Might the Iola Quadrangle East. Only a. Fourth of Humboldt Production Going: to Market Expected Establishment a Tank Farm Will Relieve the Situation. LAWRENCE, KAN. (Special.) Prof. E. Haworth, head of the depart ment of geology, of the University of Kansas, is completing some manu script for the United States geological survey descriptive of certain parts of Kansas and especially the oil and gas region. The manuscript is accom panied by numerous maps illustrating the. geological conditions. What is known as the Iola quadrangle is dis cussed more fully in Dr, Haworth's report than any other section. The United States geological survey is making a map to cover the entire area of the United States. The unit of size is one-half a degree of longitude to one-half a degree of latitude. The maps are issued ordinarily on the scale of half an inch to the mile. It requires much time and hard work to make a complete map of one of these quadrangles In speaking of the report, and the geology of the Iola quadrangle. Dr. Haworth said: 'The area included in the Iola quad rangle is without doubt the most pro ductive area of equal size in the state. so far as developments have shown. It includes all the gas of the Iola pool and the oil and gas of Humboldt, Chanute, - Erie and adjacent places. Probably as great a profit is derived from gas as from oil. We. have enor mous zinc smelters which smelt three fifths of all the metallic zinc in Amer ica, the largest Portland cement fac-' f 1 .. ... ' ' ? t TWENTY-FIVE WELLS ON ONE FA RM IN THE HUMBOLDT DISTRICT. tory in the West, which has been Tun ning many years, and a second one now In operation. There are numerous brick factories in Iola, Humboldt, Cha nute and many other lesser concerns which in the aggregate bring millions of dollars into this part of the state annually. The gas fields were devel oped earlier than the oil fields, par ticularly in Iola. It has been eight or ten years since It was known that iola had such large quantities of gas, but the oil development is recent. Two years ago you could count on your fingers all of the drilling rigs that were in operation; now we have 1.000 wells within the Iola quadrangle alone and are drilling new ones at the- rate of more than fifty a month." The geological formations and con ditions along the eastern part of the state are practically the same from Kansas City to below the south bor der of the Iola quadrangle, and why gas and oil have been so abundantly found around Iola and not around Kan sas City, where the geological condi tions are the same, is a question that Dr. Haworth says is hard to answer. The oil and gas are found in what is known as the oil or gas sands. Ac cording to Dr. Haworth about nine teen twentieths of the gas and oil so far found comes from what is known as the Cherokee shales. In Chanute the Cherokee shales occupy the interven ing space from 500 to 700 feet deep. In Kansas City the formation of sim ilar shale is at about the same depth, as measured from the bottoms, or lies at a depth of 700 feet from the top of the bluffs. It extends, as tn the other cases, a distance of about 200 feet. The strata immediately below the Cherokee shales is the Mississippian limestone, beneath which neither oil nor gas has yet been found. , When asked regarding the similar conditions of the Iola quadrangle and Kansas City. Prof. Haworth said: "By way of comparison. It may be interesting to add that the formations are practically identical, with the rone trending northeast and southwest and reaching as far north as Kansas City. Cabman's Happy Retort.. The London cabman la noted for his up-to-date repartee. One of them si lenced another of his kind the other day by shouting: "You fit to drive a keb! Why you ain't fit to command a Russian battleship, you ain't." No Meat at Breakfast. . Meat is seldom seen on the break fast table in Austria and Germany, nor is much use made of the prepared cereals so popular in America. Wheat rolls and rye bread form the staple breakfast.' '. ' No one can tell why " the territory around Kansas City should not be come productive'. The general geologic conditions are precisely the same here as they are within the Iola quadrangle, and it need not be much of a surprise should good gas or oil wells be found in near proximity to Kansas City." In some places, the gas or oil is found between the Erie limstone and of limestone is found in one mass, the Pawnee and Osage limestones, but this condition is rare. At Paola and Greeley, the gas is found in the shal low ordinary shale. Dr. Haworth said: "At Iola the gas sand Is reached at a depth of about 900 feet. At Hum boldt and Chanute, oil Is reached at from 750 to 800 feet. The drill passes through the various beds of limestone, shale and sandstone before reaching the oil bearing sands. In general about one foot of limestone Is found to two feet of shale and sand combined, yet in some places, from thirty to fifty teet The sands are very unevenly dis tributed, which accounts mainly for the unequal distribution of oil and gas. Occasionally a little coal is found, but not enough to have any spe cial value. Further to the southwest, in the vicinity of Independence, a few drillers have reported heavy beds of coal. No other substances of value occur here, except the materials for producing brick and Portland cement, which are abundant" HUMBOLDT. (Special.) The Hum boldt district makes up the north end of the Kansas oil field as recognized by oil operators. In other words it is regarded as the upper end of the proven field. There has been some oil discovered up in Miami county, but oil men do not pay" much attention to that section at the present time. A trend also angles to the northeast to wards Moran and they have a little oil there, but it is not being marketed, so operators are not giving that lo cality any attention. Another trend veers to the northwest towards Neosho Falls, but it is not yet defined and but little development is going on there. Some oil is being hauled from there to this place in tank cars and then piped to Neodesha. Immediately north of the Humbodlt oil district lies the big Iola gas field. There is an abund ance of gas in this territory also. Some of the largest wells in the state are here. One was brought in last week whose production cannot tie measured. It exceeds the limit of the instruments. Oil was discovered in this district about eight years ago by Guffy and Galey, auxiliaries to the Standard Oil Company. They bored thirty wells, found oil, but shut in the wells and left, just as they did at other places south of here. For six years the ground remained undisturbed. Two years ago a local company drilled for gas. They wanted to start a brick plant. They not only found gas. but also a Tich de posit of oil. Since then things have been humming 1n Humboldt. Most of the land was leased np. some by oper ators who began development, and the rest by speculators. To-day there are perhaps 450 oil wells in this district. This takes in the oil section of Allen county. It includes probably 100 wells owned by companies headquartered at Chanute. The Humboldt and Chanute districts overlap each other. They are on the same trend and the dividing line is the county line. Oil is found here at from 700 to 1.000 feet. Gas is also found at the same depth. Some- Odd Irish Chums. There is often to be seen in the streets of Cork a respectable looking man. accompanied by a tame goose, which follows him through the busiest thoroughfares. The bird is said to drink porter with much relish. An Explanation. The convolutions seen in the kernel of an English walnut much resemble those of the hum-, brain; hence, when a man's brain is tB. center we say he Is "nutty." Cheerfully submitted. New York Press. - Not Be Found From - IS times they are found' together. In those cases they, are run into a tank and separated. This is done by ma chinery as easily as cream separators are operated. Where water shows up in a gas well there is also a machine to separate water and gas. While some gas and oil are found together here, the big gas fields lie on each side of the gas trend. One gas field is a mile east of town and another is four miles west. An area of four by six miles west of here seems to be one gigantic natural gas tank. Every well strikes gas in big quantities. Just now the oil business Is more quiet than it has been on account of the over supply. The Standard is un able to handle the entire production and has limited the field to about one fourth the production. It hasn't the capacity at present. Lease prices are somewhat lower than they were when the big excite ment was on. Leases have never gone as high here as they have in the Chan ute, Independence and Peru districts. They can be obtained here on proved territory for from $2.50 to 810 per acre. Land in the proven district can be bought for from $50 to $100 an acre. When operators have plenty of money they buy the land outright. The eighth royalty which is given in leases will soon pay for the land. No deals are made here"6n time." Everything is cash. When one buys a farm he must pay the cash for it. The farmers do not take a small payment down and a mortgage for the rest.. Notwithstanding the depression in the business on account of the inabil ity of the Standard to take the full production, development is going on in every direction. Wells are being drilled and capped. They are not being shot. This will be done when the market opens up again. The courts have recently decided an Important case to oil men. A farmer here sold his farm to another farmer. It had a lease on it. The original owner tried to hold the royalties. The court held that the lease was a part of the lirrt and its ownership went with the land and that the purchaser, was entitled to the royalties. Oil wells knock out a farm for crop purposes. The two don't go well together. Most of the oil lan-is are converted into pastures. Humboldt has u Independent refin erv. It is the only one In the Kansas field. It is owned by C. D. Webster, of Philadelphia, and is called the Webster refinery. If has a caoaclty of . 250 barrels a day now.. Within thirty days it will be increased to 600 barrels and Mr. Webster promises to make it a 1,000 barrel plant by No vember. It was only started in Janu ary. Mr. Webster has-eight oil wells of his own and he gets the rest of the oil from local operators. He has es tablished a tank car line, and ships oil in all directions. He owns a couple of other refineries in the East. He has been fighting the Standard for twentv years, and is .acquainted with its methods. He says the railroads give his competitor the best of it in freight rates, but still he is able to carry on a profitable business. One time he said his freight rates were $2 a tank higher than the' Standard to the same points and the railroads had to give the Standard 80 cents out of each $2 which he paid them. The Standard has also tried to rnn him out of business by reducing the price of oil In his territory. The merchants would stay by him, however. . He is now having such a fight at Emporia and Iola and says his "trade is increas ing. Financial Surveyor. A money lender's clerk, asked In a London court what bis ' occupation was, said: "I am a financial survey or. . Endurance of the Albatross. An albatross has been known to follow a ship for two months without ever having been seen to alight. Pitchblende Is Scarce. There is now no pitchblende, from which radium is extracted, for sale at the Austrian mines. omomomomomomom One Speck of Soot.. Ha noticed the soot on the tip of her day M homeward they turned that "And Just for a moment he thought be tell, but suddenly looked, A t."ht had occurred to him and he To talk of the play far-seeing young While she. as innocent viewed the whole matinee. He noticed the soot on the tip of her nose uiey iiaa reached her He closed the door as she stood In the nu ieit oi ner big shell comb. And he fervently prayed that she would not Disturb that very important spot WnUe.Jak,ng' her ecarf off carelessly the one she had bought in Rome. He noticed the soot on the 'tip of her T ..,, .. . at last ne saia: I think there s a neck of soot on your nose. On f.-H .v. i - . . ' ' 1 ner neaa. But when she had pursed her Hps to blow Tk. iiT iT j giri reauy Know 2 ' Plan he had made or see wrs uap into wnich she was lea? He noticed the soot on the tip of her nose and felt his heart give a leap, very suspicious sound was heard (the blush in her cheek grew deep). But when she had quicklv pushed him t-. away, shaking her pretty head. The soot on the tip of her nose reposed 1 n Vi ..:.-!.. .. r i 1 . . . . cuvATT ' 1 ma iatr msipna: Cincinnati Times-Star. Newest Fashionable Pet. Strange are the pets that London 'fashion" compels its followers to keep, and various as they are strange. a new Cuban poodle was the rage a few months back. A special canary follows.' Now It is a fish again, and the strangest of fish at that. The gold fish will have to look to its laurels, otherwise it will most certainly be superseded in popularity by the devil fish, a most quaint-looking reptile, for which, a leading dealer states, there have been innumerable demands ol late. The real home of this fish is Mexi co, and owing to its being somewhat rare the cost of a devilfish is consider ably higher than that of the goldfish, which can be bought for a few pence, while the price or its rival varies from $1.25 to $2.50. A curious characteristic of the devil fish is that it almost invariably re mains at the bottom of the bowl or tank, and it is most unusual to see it swimming about. Unlike its golden-scaled relation, it does not demand a frequent change of water in its home, but will live quite well in the same water foi weeks together, while its taste in the matter of food is not hard to please, for a devilfish likes nothing better than a very small worm. Londorj Mail. Dog Saves a Whole Family. A fox terrrer named Beauty is cred ited by George Bourtinenon, a barber who lives with bis wife and three daughters in Brooklyn, N. Y., with having saved them all from asphyxi ation. When the Bourtinenon family retired the gas was left burning in the 1-itchen, the jet turned very low, Djring the night, the pressure having been reduced, the light went out. A little later the gas was passing through the pipes again and filling the Bourtinenon fiat from the open . cock in the kitchen. Beauty, who was awake and prowl ing about the place had his suspicions aroused by the increasing odor. He ran to his master's bedside and awak ened him. The matter was speedily rectified, and the family then real ized the hidden danger that had been iipon it. 1 Tons of Diamonds. It is estimated that the total world production of diamonds up to date approximates 85,000,000 carats. As we are not in the habit of weighing oui diamonds by the ton, we are in some doubt concerning the proper system of computation, whether troy or avoir dupois, long ton or short ton. Accord ing to the system used by those wfio do weigh their diamonds in ton quan tities, the result would be in the neighborhood of twenty or twenty five tons of sparklers now appearing as factors in "the Joys and the miseries, of a world which has substituted dia monds for the beads and the wampum of its ancestors. Men Who Build Nests. In the bushmen of Australia we find, perhaps, the lowest order of men that is known. They are so primitive uat they do not know enough to build even the simplest forms of huts for shelter. The nearest they can ap proach to it is to gather a lot of twigs and grass, and, taking them into a thicket or jungle, build a nest for a home. The nest is usually built large enough for the family, and if the lat ter be. very numerous then the neeta are of a very large size. Sometimes the foliage above will form a natural covering, but there is never any at tempt . at constructing a protection from the rain and storms. Curious Jam. . Rose-leaf jam does not appeal to the taste of everybody, but it is a commod ity greatly favored by Queen Natalie of Servla, and rarely absent from her table. Queen Natalie's villa at Biar ritz is a large edifice whose decora tions and architecture suggest the East.- Here the queen entertains a great deal, and is generally surround ed by her many friends. She still re tains much of her beauty for which she was famous, and which, together with her intellect and wit, made her one of the most fascinating women of her day. - Deafness Cannot Be Cured ST local application, a they cannot reach tba dla. MPfJ portion of the ear. Tbere Is onlv inr . . a care deafneaavand tbat Is by constitutional remedlea. Deafnesa la caused by an Inflamed condition of tbe mucous lining of tbe Eustachian Tube. Wben this tube is Inflamed you have a rumbling sound or Im perfect hearing, and when It Is entirely closed. Deaf nesa la tbe result, and unless tbe Inflammation can be taken out and tbls tube restored to Its normal condi tion, bearing win be destroyed forerer; nine cases oat of ten are caused by l:atarrb. which is nothing hut aa !imaned condition of tbe mwoousaurfacea. We will give One Hundred Dollars for any case of Deafnesa (caused by catarrb) tbat cannot be cured by Uail'a Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free. F. J. CHESKT CO.. Toledo, O. Sold by Drnprtsts. 75e. Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation. Few Declare War. A Berlin newspaper finds that out of 120 wars, waged between the years 1700 and 1870. 110 were begun with out the formality of a declaration of war. - Wiggle-Stick laixdki buck Won't spill, break, freeze nor spot clothes. Costs 10 cents and equals 20 cents worth of any othecbluing. If your grocer does not keep it send 10c for sample to The Laundry Blue Co., 14 Michigan Street, Chicago. Every man knows he. must die. but he always puts it off till the last min ute. If you wish beantif ul. clear, white clothes use Red Cross Bail Blue. Large a os. package, 5 cento. ' If boys are boisterous it is up to the girls to be girlsterous. Free to lwenty-five Ladies. The Defiance Starch Co. will give 25 ladies a round trip ticket to the St. Louis. Exposition, to five ladies in each of the following states: Illi nois, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and Missouri who will send in the largest number of trade marks cut from a ten cent, 16-ounce package of Defiance cold water laundry starch. This means from your own home, any where in the above named states. These trade marks must be mailed to and received by the Defiance Starch Co., Omaha, Nebr., before September 1st, 1904. October and November will be the best months to visit the Ex position. Remember that Defiance is the only starch put up 16 oz. (a full pound) to the package. You get one third more starch for the same money than of any other kind, and Defiance never sticks to the iron. The tickets to the Exposition will be sent by regis tered mail September 5th. Starch lor sale by all dealers. Reward in Passes. The Southern railway proposes to furnish to engineers and conductors annual passes of the road on the basis of service. Those who have been five years in the service are to be given annuals, good over the division ou which they are employed ; those having ten years to their credit are to receive annuPls good over the entire line, and the wives of those who have served fifteen years will be includ ed in the privilege. Nation Without Religion. The bishop of the Philippines, who was for years a missionary in Japan, says: "To-day the Japanese are a nation without a religion. Shintoism is little more than an interesting his toric relic, once the cradle of nation al tradition, now a venerable ruin. Buddhism, the question of its theo retical value being laid aside, is no longer able to inspire; whatever it may be as a philosophy, as a religion it is dead." Aged Tar Gets Prize ' Money. W. Jennings of Hampton Wick, Eng land, lately received from the admiral ty his prize money for services ren dered while a second-class boy on his majesty's ship Archer, one of the Bal tic fleet, in assisting to capture sev eral Russian warships in 1854. The recipient, who Is a general dealer, had forgotten all about his money, and the receipt greatly surprised him. ARMY TRIALS. An Infantryman's Long Siege. This soldier's tale of food is interest ing. During his term of service ,in 17th Infantry in Cuba and Philippines, an Ohio soldier boy contracted a disease of the stomach and bowels which all army doctors who treated him pro nounced incurable, but which Grape Nuts food alone cured: "In October, 1899, when my enlist ment expired, I was discharged from the army at Calulute, Philippines, and returned to the States on the first available steamer that left Manila. When I got home I was a total wreck physically and my doctor put me to bed saying he considered me tbe worst broken-down man of my age he ever saw. and after treating me 6 months he considered my case beyond medical aid. .; "During the fall and winter of 1900 and '01 I was admitted to the Barnes Hospital in Washington, D. C, for treatment for chronic inflammation of the stomach and bowels but after S months returned home as bad as ever. I continued taking medicine until February, 1902, when reading a news paper one day I read about Grape-Nuts and was so Impressed I sent out for a package right away. "The result is quickly told for I have used Grape-Nuts continually ever since with the best results, my health Is so I can do a fair day's hard work, stomach and bowels are in good con dition, have gained 40 pounds .in weight and I feel like a new man alto gether. "I owe my present good health to Grape-Nuts beyond all doubt for medical- science was exhausted." Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Had he consulted any one of sev eral thousand physicians we know of they would have prescribed Grape Nuts Immediately. Look in each pkg. for the famous little book, "The Road to WeUvUle."