HAS ISSUE AT EAST
DEMOCRACY LIFTED FROM THE
SLOUGH OF DESPOND.
Gen. Miles the Discoverer and "Patri
otism" the Issue Surely an Essen
tially Democratic Doctrine Under
It They Ca Claim Everything.
At last an issue for the Democrats!
After vainly casting about for
months, after fine-combing the recent
v history of the Republican party, and
exploring the ruins of all past na
tional works, the Democrats have
finally got an issue. Gen. Nelson A.
Miles discovered it. Where, when
and how are details not given. Let it
suffice that the' party has an issue.
Now indeed can it have something to
talk about, an excuse for holding a
The issue is Patriotism.
Gen. Nelson A. Miles located it, cap
tured it. and'sent it under a special
delivery stamp to Grand Rapids,
Mich. How he ever came to select
that town no cne can surmise. What
with floods, darkness, wrecked homes
and deserted factories. Grand Rapids
had troubles of its own, but a round,
fat burgher, named Doran, gave shel
ter to the new-born issue and an
nounced it to the world and democ
' racy. Patriotism is the issue. It is
essentially, peculiarly, indivisibly and
eternally a Democratic doctrine.
Sound the bugles for the past! De
mocracy has an issue.
Gen. Miles read two Fourth of July
speeches, five schoolboy orations and
William Alden Smith's speech at the
flag-raising at Sparta Center before
he undertook to introduce the issue,
through the medium of Grand Rapids
and Burgher Doran. The Miles cre
dentials to Doran and "G. Raps" have
the right ring. They ought to get the
hand at every period.
Here, for instance, are magic lines:
"The change from oppression to lib
erty is wrought by violence, but the
change from democracy to despotism
is quiet, insidious, subtle and fatal."
Whither are we drifting?
The spark which fired that line was
of the same fire which stirred Will
iam Jennings Bryan's recent prophecy
cf the terrible impending conflict be
tween capital and labor.
Indeed we need patriots in this
crisis. Patriotism, logically, is the
Old Rome, France and Kokomo
were searched by Gen. Miles for pow
der to shoot the patriotism rocket.
The Democratic party, it is evident,
will claim the flag, the declaration of
independence, the constitution and the
, little red schoolhouse. Chicago Jour
nal. Railroads in the Philippines.
Secretary Taft recently gave the
house committee on insular affairs his
views as to railroad construction in
the Philippines. They have been mod
ified slightly as the result of the sec
retary's recent conference at New
York with men who probably will put
money into roads in the Philippines if
they can get a sufficient guarantee.
The bill, drafted by Chairman Coop
er of the insular committee after con
sultation with Secretary Taft and for
mer Secretary Root, authorizes the
Philippine government to issue rail
road aid bonds to a certain amount or
to give a guarantee that capital in
vested shall yield a minimum of 4
per cent per annum. The secretary
now suggests that the Philippine gov
ernment be authorized to guarantee 5
per cent interest on bonds or stocks,
the total liability not to exceed $1,
500,000, but that if that offer be not
accepted the local government shall
be authorized to issue 5 per cent
bonds to an amount not exceeding
$30,000,000 and build the roads itself
and operate or lease them.
Apparently Secretary Taft has
learned that a 4 per cent guarantee
will not tempt American capital. It
would if the roads were to be con
structed in this country, but the more
remote the place where the capitalist
invests his money and the greater his
unfamiliarity with local conditions the
larger the interest rate he insists on.
It may be that when the Philippine
bill becomes a law that the money
market will be in such shape that a 5
per cent guarantee will not be attract
ive. Hence the manifest wisdom of
the alternative proposition, which is
not in the Cooper bill, that the Phil
ippine government itself may build
Railroads are imperatively needed.
They are the best of missionaries in
the archipelago. They will serve to
civilize, pacify and enrich the people.
They will have great strategic value.
They will lessen the number of sol
diers needed. More than that, they
will cheapen greatly the cost of trans
portation from the interior to the sea
board. Extensive districts where noth
ing intended for exportation can be
raised profitably will become popu
lous and productive.
If authority to build railroads can
not safely be intrusted to the present
Philippine government new men
should be appointed to whom it can
be intrusted. But as a matter of fact
the men now in office can be depend
ed on to do the right thing if only
they are given a chance to do it. Con
gress should accept Secretary Taft's
revised conclusions. Chicago Trib
Porto Rico's Needs.
Samuel Gompers, head' of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, has re
turned from an organizing 'expedition
to Porto Rico, and points a gloomy
picture of industrial and economic
conditions in the island, which he as
serts are worse than under Spanish
rule. Those who remember what
Porto Rico . was. prior to 1898. and
what her representation in the Span
ish parliament, amounted to, will dis
count Mr. Gomper'a ; conclusion that
the United States government had
treated the island unfairly, and that
what her people- chiefly need are rep
resentation at Washington and a more
complete system of home rule. These
things will come in due time; but
what Porto Rico requires more than
anything else and it is here that we
are at fault if at all is aid from this
country to tide over the distress
which inevitably followed the change
in her political and commercial rela
tions. Mr. Gompers has probably not
overstated the poverty and depression
now existing in the island, but the
American people, or the government
they have provided for the Porto
Ricans, cannot Justly be blamed tor
the situation. The remedy must be
found chiefly in the enterprise" and en
ergy of the insular population, and it
may be confidently assumed that
whatever aid the United States can
give will be extended whenever the
way is pointed with sufficient clearness.
Mr. Bacon and Trusts.
Trusts, most Southern "statesmen
seem to believe, are to be Inveighed
against in the abstract, but allowed
to shelter themselves, when brought
to court, nnder the accommodating
mantle of state sovereignty. Mr. Ba
con, therefore, would not be too rash
in prosecuting combinations in re
straint of trade. He announces that
on the trust issue also the Democrats
"should be conservative, and endeav
or in no way to injure legitimate
business interests while trying to
reach unlawful enterprises."
Mr. Bacon is for a conservative
platform because he believes in con
servatism. Other Democrats many
of them in Georgia are for a con
servative platform because it may
win, not because it is conservative.
Whether as a stalking-horse behind
which to steal into power or as a se
rious recasting of Democratic theor
ies, the Bacon program lacks neither
courage nor candor. But in attempt
ing to. read a genuine conservatism
into Democratic beliefs and Demo
cratic practices its author merely
demonstrates his own capacity ' for
paradox his inability to measure the
forces behind Democracy or to recog
nize the historical groundwork on
which its achievements as an Ameri
can party rest. New York Tribune.
Roosevelt Will Be the Issue.
Colonel Watterson and other Demo
crats are saying that the Roosevelt
administration will be the issue in the
campaign of 1904. They are right.
The national administration of the
day is usually the issue in every presi
dential canvass. This has been true
from the time of the first Adams down
to to-day, except during the disinte-
gation in the parties during Monroe's
eight years in office. National, plat
forms did not begin to make their ap
pearance until a third of the nine
teenth century had expired. There
was no need of any platform by a
convention in the first Adams' case.
even if national conventions had been
invented in that day. The alien and
sedition laws and the other acts of
his term were the issues in the can
vass of 1800. The things which the
second Adams did, and those that his
enemies said he intended to do, were
the issues that were talked about in
the campaign of 1828-, in which Jack
son was elected the first time. Jack
son himself furnished many issues. So
did every other strong president
down to this hour. St. Louis Globe-
The movement in favor of reciproci
ty with Canada will not down. At a
late meeting of the Boston Mep
chants' association it was resolved
that we "reaffirm our belief in the
wise policy of entering into reciprocal
relations with other commercial mar
kets of the world, especially with Can
ada and Newfoundland, as increased
trade with them will add largely to
the prosperity of New England, as
well as to that of other sections of
Presifient Mellen of the New York,
New Haven & Hartford road lately ad
mitted that reciprocal trade relations
with Canada would increase the busi
ness of the New England states, and
whatever increases the business pros
perity of those states would improve
the general business situation.
We need the lumber, Iron, steel and
raw material of Canada and the mari
time provinces and they need- the
New England markets for.their manu
factures. Boston Globe. .
The Detroit Tribune claims to have
burned much midnight oil in the proc
ess of evolving the following brief
platform for the Democratic party in
the campaign of 1904:
"Whereas, We have hunted from
Kalamazoo to Jericho for issues dis
tinctive from those of the Republican
party and failed to find any on which
all the Democrats can unite except the
tariff, which is a chestnut; therefore
"1. Resolved, That we are against
the Republican party on general prin
"2. Damn the Republican party."
Whether or not the party will be
satisfied with the preamble and first
plank, there is no doubt that the sec
ond plank expresses the sentiment of
Viewed from Above.
To a man up a tree it looks as
though the Democratic party would
split open so wide on national politics
this year that the former fissures in
that ancient structure will look ?fke
mere hair lines. Los Angeles Times.
Song of the Drum.
Do you hear my summons hammer
throgrh the cracKle and the clamor?
Do you feel mv throb and thrill?
When I meet the smell of powder, oh, my
mercy note grows louder.
And mv Hour shall not be still.
Follow, each beside his fellow, 'neath the
vapors gray and yellow,
"Wilri 1 v rhmrinff. ftteralv dumb.
And rumble, rumble, rumble, when the
smoke-wreaths toss and tumoie.
You shall hear the rolling drum. Fol
low the Drum!
Men forfcet their fears and foliies as they
face the blinding volleys.
And the voune recruits thev come.
With their simple sunburnt faces, from
the quiet country places.
To thf onll of me the drum.
Come, plow boy lad and carter, and your
life-blood freely barter
Fnr the millet Atire for some.
And rattle, rattle, rattle through the din
and roar of battle.
You shall hear the rolling drum. Fol
low the drum!
When the boys that follow there, drop
aside and ran at last mere,
Prnm the siiii-Ein? lines of red.
Then no more of pomp and. ruffle; my
notes awhile 1 mume.
Ann 1 moan find mourn the dead.
But the losing battle needs me and the
whistling bullet speeds me;
Throne-Vi the reeliner ranks I come.
And clatter, clatter, clatter, where the
broken regiments scatter.
You shall hear the rolling drum. Fol
low the drum!
Pall Mall Gazette.
About Stonewall Jackson.
Few generals were so beloved and
revered by their soldiers as Stonewall
Jackson, the "great flanker," was by
his. His simplicity, strength, daring,
skill and indomitable will endeared
him to his troops, while his successes
roused their admiration. Whenever
great cheering was heard in Jackson's
camp, those who were detained from
being present at the occasion would
say: "Here comes either Jackson or
an old rabbit!"
While in camp and winter quarters,
Jackson's soldiers, indulged in jocular
stories "camp stories," as they were
styled, made up by them about their
"Stonewall died," ran one of these
stories, "and two angels came down
from heaven to take him back with
them. They went to his tent he was
not there; they went to the outposts
he was nof there; they went to the
prayer meeting he was not there. So
they had to return without him. But
when they came to heaven they found
that he had made a flank march and
had reached heaven ahead of them."
Another story was this:
The soldiers declared that Gen.
Jackson was greater than Moses.
Tt took Moses," they said, "forty
years to lead the Israelites through
the wilderness, with manna to feed
them on; Stonewall Jackson would
have double-quicked them through it
in tree days on half rations."
At one time, when Jackson's camp
was on the southern bank of the Rap
pahannock, and that of the Federals
on the northern bank of that river a
friendly intercourse not only con
fined to the exchange of cofTee and
tobacco existed between the outposts
of the two armies, and friendly greet
ings were often exchanged across the
river. . One day when Jackson rode
along the river and the Confederate
troops ran together, as was their cus
tom, to greet him with a yell, the Fed
eral pickets shouted across the river,
asking what it was about. "Stonewall
Is coming," was the reply, and im
mediately, to Jackson's astonishment,
the cry "Hurrah for Stonewall Jack
son!" rang out from the Federal
ranks. Thus the voice of North and
South, prophetic, of a time of renew
ed unity, mingled in acclamation of a.
great soldier. Los Angeles Times.
In a Wartime Cave. "
Of the thousands of acres of nation
al parks and military reservations
owned by the government the one at
Vicksburg, Miss., is the only one
which has a large cave, an under
ground home, which was used by cit
izens as a place of refuge during the
There were others of these caves in
which families lived during the siege,
but they have disappeared with the
growth of the city, and this one in the
Military Park is the only one remain
ing; and now that it has fallen" into
the hands of the government it will
unquestionably be for ages a relic of
the war. Surrounded as the cave is
by some of the old entrenchments and
fortifications, it is made doubly attrac
tive to the visitor, the large door cut
into the stone and earth and neatly
closed with wirework screens, extend
ing oVit and under dense masses of un
dergrowth and vines, giving it an in
viting appearance. Piled on either
side of the door are a number of can
non, balls and shells, which were
picked up and saved from the thous
ands which fell from the guns of the
Union army during the two months'
siege In 1863. -There were many more
of these, but they were carried off by
visitors, and in recent years, James
Lewis, who owned the land and the
cave, found it necessary to have a
close watch kept over the cave and
the relics. The passageway to the
cave is fully three feet wide ana
twelve feet long, and, after getting
into the main room, which is about
twelve, by Blxteen feet. one can enter
a smaller one, which was used as a
store-all closet during the occupancy
of the cave. The floor and walls are
smooth and the ceiling about nine feet
from the floor, but there is no ventila
tion save from the door entrance, and
there Is no light.
. It is In far better condition now
than when used as an emergency
home for the safety of women and
children dt ring the war, and it is AJi-
ficult to realize that families spent
weeks and months within this dark
place. Of course it was necessary to
do most of the cooking outside of the
cave, as there was no outlet for the
smoke, and the work of the culinary
department was performed in a uttle
shut-in cove Just to the east of the
cave. One of the young women who
found a . home in the cave had her
piano removed to it, and it served not
only to give forth music, but as a din
ing table and a bed. On this same
piano, while in the cave, a child was
born and another died, and this while
the patriot shot and shell fell and ex
ploded throughout the city and hun
dreds of women and children sought
shelter in this and other caves.
Col. Mosby in Luck.
Col. John S. Mosby, who was about
as "bad" a rebel as the United States
had to deal with during the years of
the civil war, but who was a mighty
"good" rebel soon after the war's
close, when he became a federal of
ficeholder, may get a sum from the
United States treasury to add to that
which he has been drawing as a "re
constructed" officeholder during all
the years since Appomattox.
It is impossible to say definitely
whether or not all the awful tales
that are told of the destruction of
Union property by Mosby and his men
are true or not, but that they tore
things up generally is a fact set down
by history's own hand. Mosby was
a terror to every farmer along the
line of his raids, and it is barely pos
sible that if the Senate would con
sider some of these farmers' claims
for damages it would be hewing more
closely to the lines of justice than it is
in allowing a claim of Col. John S.
Mosby against the United States to go
to the Court of Claims for adjudica
tion. After Mosby's career of raiding was
ended a northern officer captured
about 8,000 pounds of tobacco belong
ing to the guerilla chieftain. Mosby
said nothing for a long time, for there
was a certain adage which had to do
with turn about and fair play, and he
thought, presumably, that people
would think it fitted his case. But
the years have gone by, and from the
Senate's action In passing a bill which
gives Col. John S. Mosby the right to
go to the Court of Claims for pay
ment for the tobacco confiscated by
the government it would seem that
the old rebel chieftain is to lead one
more raid before he dies. Chicago
A Foraging Incident.
"Of course," said Dan R. Anderson,
"the most trying duty for. a soldier
was standing picket on a stormy night
with a skulking enemy in front. For
aging required nerve of another sort,
but it required also readiness and re
sourcefulness. While we were at Mc-
Minnville. Tenn., Joe Cahill (I have
heard he lives in Chicago) and myself
were out foraging and came upon a
field of sweet potatoes and melons on
a hillside some distance from the
road. I suggested that we go over
and dig some of the potatoes on
shares, and we were soon at work.
"We had dug about half a bushel as
fine sweet potatoes as you ever saw
when a rifle bullet struck the ground
between us. We saw where the smoke
came from, and we saw also a iiouse
not far away. Believing the bush
whacker would run to the house we
decided to get there before him. As
we turned the corner of the house at
a full run we came face to face with
the bushwhacker, gun in hand. Caught
in. the act, he was greatly disturbed,
while we were in great good humor.
As he had had the privilege of shoot
ing at us, we took the privilegeof
confiscating certain things found in
and about his house.
"We took half a bushel of onions,
two hams, some butter in a crock (it
would have been better for us to have
had it in a bottle), half a dozen young
chickens, and, loading up the old man
with his own goods, started forcamp.
About half way to camp the bush
whacker threw his white man's bur
den on the ground and bolted.' As
Joe was carrying the gun, with half a
dozen chickens strung on it, over his
shoulder, I dropped my load and gave
"I caught him. brought him back to
the burden, persuaded him to take it
up, and we reached camp without any
further trouble. ' There we turned the
bushwhacker over to Gen. Nelson.
who, well pleased at the capture
asked no questions as to why we wers
outside the lines." Chicago Intei
On Gettysburg Battlefield.
The war department has enteree
into a contract for placing upon tne
battlefield of Gettysburg a bronze and
granite structure which will point out
and commemorate the spot upon
which Lincoln stood when he deliv
ered his memorable dedicatory ad
dress on that bleak November day in
1863. - The memorial will be twenty
two feet long, with two bronze tab
lets and a bronze bust of Mr. Lin
coln. The base -will be of red gran
ite, and upon the tablets will be the
words of the address in raised letters.
Indian Massacre Survivor.
Dr. John L King, only survivor or
the. White river massacre of Oct. 28,
1S53, Uvea at M artel, O..
BARN AND 8TORE HOUSE.
Plana for Commodious Structure for
9 the Farm- '
M. McM. Kindly publish a . floor
plan for a basement barn: 100 feet
long and 40 feet wide, to accommo
date 36 cattle, 8 horses, and to have
two box stalls for cattle-and two for
horses, besides a root bouse, to hold
2,500 bushels, a silo 12 feet square,
and a place for manure. How thick
should the' walls be and how 'deep
should the foundations be laid?-- '
(2). How should the barn be laid out
above and how long should the posts
be? r. ; . - --. - - ' . -
(3.) The barn will be built rn clay
soil, 200 yards from a running stream.
Could water be drawn from this
stream by a windmill, and what size
of pipe should be used?
The accompanying plan contains
five single horse stalls, two box stalls
for horses, 38 cow stalls, and two box
stalls for cattle. The manure shed is
at the end of building, with a door at
each side wide enough to drive a
wagon through to draw the manure
The root house Is under one of the
drive-ways, and extends along the side
I H I I U-M lFFr
Ground Floor Plan of Stock Barn.
A Horse stable. B Feed rooms. . C
Cow stalls. D Passage behind cattle. E
Gutters. Q Box stalls. H Manure shed.
I Silo. J Roothouse. K Ventilators.
of barn wall towards the silo. It is
12 by 40 feet and 8 feet high. It should
be arched over with concrete and have
two ventilators in the arch. These
ventilators are used to fill the house
with roots, and there should be a
window at each end of root house for
light. There should also be . cold air
pipe coming in near- the floor for ven
tilation; the ventilators in the arch
answer for the outtake pipes. A root
house the size given will hold about
1,500 bushels of roots, as one bushel
of roots occupies about 26 cubic feet.
'Should the root house not be large
enough it can be turned with the end
to the basement of barn, between
the driveway and silo, and making it
20 by 30 feet and 10 feet high. It
would then hold about 2,400. bushels.
The silo is placed beside the other
driveway and is 'twelve feet in diame
ter and built "round. Silos used to be
built on the inside of barns, but of
late they are built on the outside, in
fact for the last six years I have never
built nor seen one built on the inside
of a barn.
2. The barn above should have a
mow 18 feet wide over the horse
stable, then 12 feet for a driveway,
then two 20 foot mows and a 12 foot
driveway, and then an 18 foot mow
over the manure shed. The posts of
the barn should be 18 feet long. The
stairway will go down inside of the
mow, the door opening from- the edge
of the driveway floor. The- hay and
straw may be thrown down through
doors in the side of the mows in each
3. You can draw the water from
the stream providing you do not have
to lift it too much, and a 1-inch pipe
would be large enough.
4. If the wall ls built of stone it
should not be less than 18 inches
thick; if of concrete one foot is thick
enough. The foundation should be put
down at least 20 inches and after the
-nail is completed the soil should be
graded up 8 inches higher. This will
always keep the ground drier, and
allows the water to run off and not
settle along the wall. N. B. H.
Power from a Running Stream.
J. H. H. What size of stream,, and
what fall would be required in order
to develop four horse power from a
hand made paddle wheel, and also
from a turbine? What is the best
form of home-made wheel?
For a paddle wheel of good con
struction under a head of thirty feet,
88 cubic feet of water per minute
should supply four horse power, or for
a turbine under a head of four feet,
668 cubic " feet or water per minute
would be required to furnish the same
power. As the correspondence does
not specify any particulars as to
amount of fall or size or stream, it is
impracticable to answer this question.
Ants in an Orchard.
A Subscriber. Please tell me what
will kill an ant hill In an orchard.
' One of the simplest remedies for
the destruction of ants in- orchards is
to pour into each nest about a tea
spoonful of bisnlphide of carbon, after
wards plugging the hole with a small
piece of sod pressed down with the
foot, "yhe liquid evaporates quickly
and the fumes penetrate into all the
parts of the nest, destroying all the
occupants. Another remedy is. to pour
scalding water into the nests.
Tar Paper on a Roof.
G. W. B. Would a layer of tar
per between dry, well seasoned lum
ber and the shingles on a roof tend
to rot the lumber? What would the
effect be on the lumber if It were
The tar paper being antiseptic In
character would tend to preserve the
dry lumber; on the' other hand It
would in a measure delay the drying
of the green lumber, and in that way
tend to encourage decay In the lu in
According to amendments made to
the Japanese pension law of 1902. the
annual allowances made to the famfc
lies of military men who were killed
or who died from wounds received 1ft
battle, according to rank, are as fol
lows: ' Colonel,' $375; lieutenant
colonel. $300; major. $225; captain.
$150; first lieutenant, $112; . second
lien tenant, $90; noncommissioned of
ficer, $75 to $30; private soldier, $28.50
Catching Pigeons in Queenstown.
The ragged children of Queenstown
catch pigeons in a curious way. Seat
ed in a row on the edge of the pave
ment, they each nave a string stretch
lng into the road, at the end of which
ts a noose surrounding some tempting
bread . crumbs. . Homeless pigeons
pounce on the meal, and are as quick
ly jerked to the pavement by the
cheering youths. London Graphic.
' ' Her Inference.
One day Helen was taken by her
mother to visit an artist who hap
pened to be bald-headed. Helen had
never been in a studio before, and
she was curious about everything.
She watched the artist as he worked
tor a time; then she picked up one o
the brushes, and, after examining it
carefully, exclaimed: "Oh, now I know
how you got bald-headed, you used up
all your hair to make brushes but of!"
What Is the Monroe Doctrine?
At a recer-t examination of young
men in England three of the ana . vera
to the question, "What is the Monroe
doctrine?" were: "The religion ol
America taught by Dr. Monroe on the
transmigration of souls." "The doc
trine that people may be married sev
eral times." "One that has to do with
vaccination and smallpox; it was
brought out by Prof. Monroe."
A laguna known as the "Paso d
Colombia" and situated on the north
erly end of the island of Cozumel, o9
the east coast of Yucatan, has recent
ly been rented from the Mexican gov
ernment by one Senor Valerio Rivera
with the intention of utilizing the
waters as a breeding place for the
common turtle, as well as for the tor
state to Conduct Life Insurance.
The Russian government has elab
orated statutes on general life insur
ance by the state. The business Is to
be intrusted to the government sav
lngs banks. All kinds of policies will
be issued, and the insured will par
ticipate in the profits of the busk
Amid so much discussion of tha
rights of women we forget there are
some rights which she hasn't got. Sha
has no right to be homely; she has
no right to be cranky when she's
tired; she has no right to make a row
when dinner isn't ready on tima
These are masculine rights. Nev
Clock's Marvelous Record.
Rouen's great clock has been meas
uring the time and striking the hours
and quarters for over 500 years, run
ning all this time without interruption.
It keeps excellent time.
THE MCPIKC DRUO CO.
THE TONIC CP ALL TONICS
THE GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER
THE STRENGTH BUILDER
THE NERVE TONER
THE HEALTH GIVER
THE LIFE SAVER
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It U Plaasant It 1$ Sure
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