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In 1907 there Is to be held on Hamp ton Roads, Virginia, an exposition to celebrate the three hundredth anni versary of the first establishment of a permanent English colony In Amer ica, on Jamestown island, Virginia. May 13, 1607. Jamestown island, the site of the settlement, lies on the north side of the James river, thirty miles above Hampton Roads, and contains sixteen tundred acres; four hundred acres of cleared land, the rest in wood and marsh. Here, on May 13, 1607, the ex pedition sent out by the London Com pany in three small vessels, the Su san Constant, the Godspeed and the Discovery, landed and founded the first permanent English settlement in America. Jamestown (as It was called In honor of King James) was then lo cated on a peninsula three and a half miles long and a mile and a half wide, on the concave side of a great bend of the James river; but the constant washing of the river has cut through the isthmus connecting Jamestown with the mainland, and it is now an island. The erosion of the water has also washed away a large part of the upper portion of the island, where un doubtedly were many of the early houses. The first regular establishment of the Protestant religion in America was contemporaneous with the land ing, and the Rev. Robert Hunt held the first services under a sail cloth suspended from trees. In December, 1608, Ann Burras was married to John Laydon at the James town church. This is the first record ed English wedding on American soil. The marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe, in April, 1614, at Jamestown, marked the first conversion and re corded baptism of an Indian in the United States, as well as the first law ful marriage between a white man and an Indian. In 1619 Gov. Yeardley issued writs for the'election of the General Assem bly of Virginia, and on July 30, 1619, Ruins of Ambler (Jacquelin) Mansion, the Site of the House of Burgesses. the first representative Legislature in America , assembled in Jamestown church. This was over a year before the landing at Plymouth Rock. The same year, 1619, witnessed the arrival of the first cargo of maidens, who were disposed of to the colonists for one hundred and twenty pounds of tobacco to pay their expenses coming over. It also witnessed the purchase of twenty negro slaves from a Dutch man-of-war. Thus this year saw the first legislative assembly and the in troduction of slavery into Virginia. The first resistance to taxation with out representation was made at James town in 1624, when the Legislature forbade the Governor to levy any taxes that had not been duly author ized. September 19, 1676, Nathaniel Ba con, the leader of the rebellion against Gov. Berkeley, burned Jamestown. In 169S the seat of government was moved to Williamsburg, seven miles inland; but Jamestown had a repre sentative in the House of Burgesses until 1776. In 1781 Cornwallis made his last fight (before his fatal retreat to Yorktown) at Jamestown Ford. Here he laid an ambush for Lafayette and Wayne, who had chased him down the peninsula, and at Jamestown Ford he defeated the Americans. Fifteen "weeks later Cornwallis surrendered, and American independence was won within thirteen miles of the first set tlement. In the civil war Jamestown was heavily fortified, and was a place of great strategic importance; and to-day the earthen fortifications are in as perfect a state of preservation as when they were built. The common idea that Jamestown is a town is entirely erroneous, as there is no town, and has been none In over two hundred years. The entire island is owned by one individual, and the place is inhabited only by the employes of the owner and is used as a truck farm. In 1895 that part of the island-which contains the historical church ruins, Old Governor's Palace, Built in 1640, and Burned Eleven Times. the large " graveyard and one of the Confederate forts, and the remains of John Smith's powder magazine, and twenty acres of ground surrounding these relics of the first settlement, '-Z--XMa. sr. from 1607 was given to the Association for the Preservation of Virgina Antiquities by the present owner, Mrs. Louise J. Bar ney, to be held by them in trust until such time as the United States gov ernment might obtain control of the property. . ' , ' The most noticeable of the ruins is that of the old brick church. Nothing remains of it except a brick tower, twenty feet square and thirty or forty feet high. This church was built about 1620, on the site of the little wooden Old House at Jamestown. structure in which Pocahontas was baptized and where she afterward married John Rolfe. In the past year, while clearing -the old graveyard, which lies directly in the rear of the tower, the entire foundation of the main body of the church was uncovered. There were two foundations, the larger thirty-six by fifty-six feet, with four buttresses on each side. This is now being re stored, so that tourists will be able to see exactly the size and dimensions of the first Protestant Episcopal church in the United States. The Jamestown Parish Church, as it was formerly known, has the distinc tion of being the only church in Amer ica which had two sets of communion silver given to it by the royal family of England, one set known as the "Queen Anne" set, and the other giv en by William and Mary. This silver is now held by the Diocese of South ern Virginia and is in" the keeping of the vestry of the Bruton Parish Church at Williamsburg, Virginia. Surrounding this old foundation are the graves and tombstones of some of Virginia's most celebrated children, among the most noted of which are those of Lady Francis Berkeley, the wife of the notorious Governor, and ot the Hon. Phillip Ludwell, who was Lady Berkeley's second husband, though she declined to give up her old name and title when, she married him. The waters of the James river, by their constant wearing on the banks of the island, have laid bare many graves and skeletons. One of these graves contained the bones of a man clad in complete armor, with a long, two-handed Scotch claymore lying on his breast. The name-plate of his cof fin was broken in half and part of it lost. The remaining part had on it: "Sir Rod ." This armor is now in the rooms of the Virginia Historical Society, at Richmond. James Perrine Barney, Lieutenant Fourth Unitec" States Cavalry, in Chicago Record Herald Sunday Magazine. THREE OAKS IN ONE TUB. Descendants of the Famous Charter Oak Being Carefully Nurtured. Growing in a large tub at the resi dence of James Knowlden, 703 Roland avenue, are three thriving "descend ants" of the famous Charter oak. These sturdy little oaks of such re nowned "lineage" will be transplant ed in separate tubs in the autumn and If they continue to flourish Mr. Knowl den will present two of them to the city, one to be planted in Druid hill and the other In Patterson park. When in Hartford, Conn., two years ago Mr. Knowlden secured eight acorns from the tree grown from a sprig of the'Cbarter oak, which stands on the spot where that most famous tree in American history spread its branches for hundreds of years. He planted all, but five failed to germi nate. He watched with tender care the three oaks that came up, bestow ing as much attention upon them as if they were delicate flowers. They are now about a foot high and give promise of becoming strong trees. When the Charter oak blew down the citizens of Hartford immediately planted a sprig from it on the spot where it had stood. The new tree thrived from the 'first and now its branches shade a considerable area. On every Fourth of July the Hartford people, augmented by many patriotic citizens of nearby towns, gather at the tree and decorate It with flags and banting, after which the declaration of independence is read beneath its ever-spreading boughs. The Charter oak itself was sawed up into lumber. From this a frame for the colonial charter -was made. The frame, with its historic document, now hangs in the supreme court chamber in the capitol at Hartford. A chair was also made from the lum ber and this is occupied by the lieu tenant governor of Connecticut in the senate chamber. Baltimore Sun. Famous Italian Brigand. Italy begins to ring with the ex ploits of another notorious brigand, not this time in the remote wilds of Sicily, but close to the very heart oi the monarchy, in the Romagna itself. The name of the bandit is Melandri, and his operations are conducted in the region around Ravenna. A whole army of carabineers is in the district, but so far Melandri has eluded all pur suit, though bis crimes continue. mm the BEST THE VALUE OF SAYING "NO.' "No" is characterized as "a mono syllable the easiest learned by a child, but the most difficult to practice by the man. Dr. Johnson displays a world of -wisdom in these few simple lines, and the saying is no less true in regard to women 'than it is to men. It seems cold and heartless to a man, to refuse to lend a friend a little money to tide over some anxious time, and yet it is a great question as to whether he is justified in doing so if he himself Is forced to make some of his own creditors wait while his money is fulfilling a friend's need. In domestic life a woman has also much call for the little monosyllable "No." She may dislike to disappoint her children in some matters, but knows in her heart of hearts that the granted favor would be bad for their health or future happiness. Yet how few mothers do say "No" under such circumstances! And they excuse themselves by saying it is bad for-children to be thwarted! So it is, but If the said children were brought up to know that their-mother had always a good reason for her decis ion and was not to be cajoled out of that decision, the mother would save a great deal of annoyance both to herself and to others thrown in con tact with her offspring. Philadelphia Ledger. THE WEST LENDING MONEY. It has not been very many years since the great and growing West was largely - dependent on the money cen ters of the far East for the greater part of the money needed in all lines of business. Funds required for about everything from crop moving to coun ty courthouses had to be secured from Wall street or some of its adjacent branches and the charges for this money In the aggregate made quite a drain on our traflic profits. This dependence on the East had a tenden cy to belittle the importance of the West in the eyes of the Manhattan money kings and the pjssibility of a release from this commercial bond age to them received but scant con sideration. It is now being forced upon them with unmistakable clear ness. Not only has the West devel oped a financial power that renders her almost wholly independent of the East, but western capital is actually invading the domain of Wall street and picking up financial bargains which, by virtue of years of monop oly, that great money power had come to regard as exclusively its own. Portland Oregonian. UNPROFITABLE HOARDING. Money hoarded means interest lost. I'The old stocking is as undesirable for the keeping of money as the unsound bank. This is a financial turism. It is equally true of goods and chat tels. The gown of winter before last, stored in a capacious attic, gathers moths, but loses its rightful interest the comfort and ease which it might bring to some poor woman. The worn overcoat, kept by its owner "in case of need," fails of its proper ser vice In the actual "case of need" of the half-clothed laboring man out of work through illness. So of the cast-off clothes of the mind discarded magazines and books. The increasing piles of these waste interest on -the top shelves ol the well-filled library, while the active minds of men, women and children less well supplied hunger for the food of the printed page, until un gratified desire dies, and they sink to the level of the unreading mass. Whatever has service in it' should be passed on promptly from hand to hand until that- power of service is exhausted. The rubbish heap is more creditable than an 'unused accumula tion of useful things. Hoarding is bad economy in every department of life. Losing interest on savings is foolish Improvidence, whether the in terest Is reckoned in dollars and cents or in gratitude, relief and com fort. Youth's Companion. HOW TO STAY YOUNG. How old are you? The adage says that women are as old as they look and men as old as they feel. That's wrong. A man and woman are as old as they take themselves to be. Growing old is largely a habit of the mind. "As a man thinketh in his heart so is he." If he begins shortly after middle age to imagine himself growing old he will be old. To keep one's self from decrepitude is somewhat a matter of will power. The fates are kind to the man -who hangs on to life with both bands. He who lets go will go. -Death is slow only to tackle the tenacious. Ponce de Leon searched In the wrong place for the fountain of youth. It is in one's self. One must keep one's self young inside. So that while "the outer man perlsheth the inner man is renewed day by day." When the human mind ceases to ex ert itself, when there is no longer an active interest in the affairs of this life, when the human stops reading and thinking and doing, the man, like a blasted tree, begins to die at the top. - You are as old as you think you-are. Keep the harness on. Your job Is , not done. Milwaukee Journal. mwMjys WRITERS THE POWER OF "DIXIE." No other song has .ever touched thfc hearts of all the people of this land as "Dixie" touches them. During the war "John Brown's Body" swept the heart strings of the north, and their brave "boys In blue." The war has passed and the song is passing, is al ready much of a memory. But "Dixie" is more vibrant with life to-day than it was when it cheered the lean and hungry legions that were battling for the "lost cause." It has not only sur vived the war, but since then it has conquered the conquerors and echoes in the hearts of those that loved the blue as in the hearts of those that loved the gray. It has the magic of the "Marseillaise" in it. But it is without its clarion call that excites the red blood of strife. It is gay, sweet, serene, indefatigable. It may not be great music, but it has the quality of all that counts inthis world survival and it is one of those ballads of a nation that the very wise man reckoned as more powerful than laws. Indianapolis News. NO PLACE FOR SHIRKER. Then it bluntly follows that there Is no religion at all in shirk and no salvation for the shirker. There must be a new vision of honest labor, as the hopefulest sign of manhood. To cut down our work to a minimum is the new sin of the twentieth century. To hinder a man or a woman from earning daily bread violates not so much civil law, as the Golden Rule. We have got a huge lie imbedded in our modern view of labor. It is some thing to be avoided, something to be legislated out as far as possible. The new religion will demand more work rather than less, but a fair division of its obligations and afterward jus tice in, distribution. The sooner, we turn our faces away from thedogmas of mediaeval pietism and the crotchets of formalism the better for us. Church Register. t THE FOLLY OF GILT LACE. As I have often said, I wonder that monarchs cannot officially meet with out each arraying himself in the uni form of the other. If I were to call on a Turk I should not put on a fez and expect him to cover his head with a hat. Why, indeed, monarchs should wear uniforms except when taking part at reviews I do not know. They are the heads of states which are composed of civilians who pay a cer tain number of persons to be soldiers, or who oblige all to serve as soldiers for a fixed period. Why, too, an English citizen who is asked to attend the Levee of his Sovereign supposing that he has no uniform, as is the case with many should be called upon to array him self in the dress of a bygone age of velvet and frills, with a sword by his side, is also a thing that surpasses my understanding. The poor man manages to look asj 'ridiculous as some stout civilian deputy-lieutenant, strap ped up in the uniform of a colonel. London Truth. BEAUTY ON THE DOWN GRADE. A warning note is struck by a lady, who has both medical and literary skfll, against the reckless disregard of those laws which make for beauty. We English are growing plainer, she avers, simply because we allow even our children to be affected by the stress and strain of modern life. The smartness, the ability to look after themselves and the athleticism of the women and children of the present time spell physical ruin. Beauty is rarely seen nowadays in its unadorned style. Lovely women are artificial products, and really lovely children are as scarce as auks' eggs. The rea son Is that our expressions have grown anxious, eager, cold, our limbs and members are strained out of shape by overexerclse, our complex ions and hair are starved for lack of nerve force. The exquisite complex ions, luxuriant locks, delicate features and clear, innocent-looking eyes that one associates with beauty are so sel dom seen as to be quite remarkable when they are, and we are threatened with a still further decrease of these elements of good looks unless we bring back our girls to the prunes and prisms style of upbringing, which perhaps after all is the best for them. The "larger life" certainly has its drawbacks. London World. WHY NOT ENDOW MEN T We venture to assert that If out men of great wealth and philanthropic motives who have lately been giving so generously and largely ot their ac cumulations to the endowment of col leges, hospitals, libraries and other worthy objects and institutions should turn some part of this volume of be neficence into the endowment of men, they might be contributing even more largely in some instances to the prog ress of the world and the happiness and well-being of their fellows. We mean by this the selection of men of character, experience and proved abil ity and their assignment to some line of needed educational, charitable or reform work, with a fair and just sal ary allowance guaranteed for a rear sonable number of years, if not foi life. Leslie's Weekly. BEAUTIFUL HELEN OF TROY The World's Desire in All Ages SuttMtad by mdin Honwr Iliad. Pep' ttwuktloa. Like Venus yon rose from the water. Which yielded you up with a sigh. They hailed. you Aphrodite's daughter. Superb as a star in the sky. From the ocean you fled as a prison From the waves that were crouching for prey. As Dlan you have dauntless arisen. When she wheels on the track of the day. Foam bom and mora fresh than your mother. For your beauty was bred of the sea, . And the wave was your playmate, ' your brother. And fawned at your feet to be free. With delight were you heavily laden. You drooped from the weight of your charms. Yet you tripped with the grace ox. a maiden. Unsullied and full of alarms. The world for your coming grew brighter And stooped as a surf to your reign. And the fall of your footsteps was lighter Than the dew or the rippling of rain. You gladdened the eye like a vision. That natters the dreamer of dreams. Old Time, with his sneer of derision. Soon basked in your radiant beams. Yonr fairness caused foemen to falter. And the nightingale caroled your praise. In Cyprus they built you an altar. Blind Homer sang you in his lays. Stark chieftains who thronged from far places. As your fc-assals bent low In the mire. Grim captains with dark-visaged faces. Besieged you, relentless as fire. You were queen over love, over laughter. And you held all the Trojans In thrall You proved yourself Aphrodite's daugh ter. A firebrand and fickle to all. Your face fired the world Into fighting And heartened the craven to slay. As the petrel in thunder delighting. All athirst for the Joy of the fray. Agamemnon first claimed you as master. And brought you the spoil of the strife. But you left him fomenting disaster And fled with young Paris as wife. Breeding havoc, red ruin, and wailing, A scourge in the hands of the gods. With sorrow the Trojans assailing. Who captives, were beaten with rods. Edinburgh a Within the tall "lands" in Edin burgh, built so closely together that the inhabitants of adjoining houses could often shake hands across the deep but narrow chasm thatjiivided them, the inhabitants lived in the most confined of quarters. Four, five or at most six rooms constituted' the apartments of the wealthiest families. Servants slept outside the house or under the kitchen table;" beds were made up for the nurse and children in the master's study; turned-up beds with curtains drawn round them stood in the drawing room. Naturally the entertaining that could be done in such apartments -was of the smallest. My lady could receive a few friends over a cup of tea in her bedroom, but when her lord wished to dine or wine his friends, recourse was had of mere necessity to one or another of the taverns. " Taverns, in fact, played almost the' same part in the social life of Edin burgh during the third quarter of the eighteenth century as coffee houses had done in London in Addison's time. They were the common meet ing places of a race of men to whom home meant little more than a place to sleep. Doctors met their patients, lawyers consulted with their clients Look After Not, the least interesting of the lit erature of the American Bankers' As sociation, which recently held its con vention in this city, is the report to the Protective Committee of Pinker ton's National Detective Agency. It reads like "Sherlock Holmes" adapt ed to the prose of real life. The bank ers realize that a bank and its money are soon parted if crooks are allow ed to have their way. - So they have engaged Pinkerton men all over the United States to pounce : upon the bank sneaks, both before and after their attempts chiefly before, how ever, for the bankers also realize that a pounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. And the crooks respect Pinkerton and the banks that Pink erton takes under his wing. Statistics of the report show that out of the forty-nine burglaries com mitted on American banks between Sept. 15, 1903, and Sept. 1, 1904, only seven were committed on the banks , of the association. During the same period . seventeen unsuccessful at- j tempts at burglary were made on banks which were members of the as sociation, whereas the nonmember banks were the victims of forty-five I attempts. Got His Bride Cheap A certain missionary in one of the rescue homes in local Chinatown is disgusted, and declares that she in tends to retire and give up the work of saving souls. All on account of lit tle "Dan Cupid," who has been nsing the mission as a means to further his ends. T One day not long ago a neatly dressed Chinaman entered the mission and informed the lady in charge that in a certain alley in Chinatown there was a slave girl who wished to run away to the mission and study Chris- f tianity, but was unable to do so on account of her owner, who was nego tiating her sale for $2,000 to an old " gambler. The next day the missionary made ber appearance in the alley and", with the help of an interpreter and a po lice sergeant, rescued the girl, who took up her abode in the mission. She became an interested pupil and soon embraced Christianity. About the same time the Chinaman who had caused the rescue appeared. This time he wished to join the church You were fair in the fearless old fashion, A flower of the foam of sea spray. And yon thrilled with your girlish com passion Stark liegemen who bowed to your sway. Superb as some goddess Immortal. You stand at the gates of the dawn. And welcome the guests through the por tal. Serene as some sumptuous fawn. Big April eyes with queenly splendor. Pure as starshine drenched in rain. The soft low voice so sweet and tender. That haunts like music's dying strain. Your balmy bosom's ivory treasure. Twin baby peaks like lilies grow, Unsullied by ; the touch of pleasure. Unstained by passion's lustful glow. The roseleaf face where beauty's dwell ing, s As tender as the dream of dawn. The piquant mouth with laughter swell ing. The step as snpple as the fawn. And your lustrous eyes are gleaming. Grieving o'er some wounded bird. Like some chaste Madonna dreaming When her tender pity's stirred. As fair as foam your silken tresses. That ripple down your queenly form. The which the blustering breese caresses - As if to shield from shrieking storm. A glance that shames the starry splen dor. When Orion swings his brilliant blade. And beams Arcturus pure and tender Through purple gloom or violet shade. Proud priestess of pleasure and passion. You lured the Greeks to your shrine. To bewitch and beguile was your fashion... Your laughter was bubbling as wine. You tamed Achilles with your splendor. You lulled Priam to languorous ease. To your beauty their homage they render. As blown spray from the foam of the seas. Through the mirage of turbulent ages Shines your face just as fair as a flower. Beloved of the chiefs and the sages. The plaything, the toy of an hour. We tire of the love so capricious. That yields us less sorrow than loy. But we cherish yonr fame, O delicious And beautiful Helen of Troy! JAMES E. KINSELLA. Registrar Division. Chicago Postoffice. Century Ago over a mug of ale or a tass ot brandy in the little rooms of a dark tavern half underground. Here the city mag istrates were accustomed to meet, and here the ministers of the general as sembly were entertained. Even trades people attended to their business as much within the tavern as within the shop. As a result, the greater part 6f the male population of Edinburgh, drank steadily from morn till eve, and far on into the night. At 10 o'clock at night the drum of the city guard warned all God-fearing men to leave the tavern and seek their homes, in accordance with the provisions of an ancient law which closed all places of entertainment at that hour. But the law at this time was laughed at by the very magistrates sworn to enforce it. Scott's picture of Councillor Pley dell is but a faint sketch of the ac complished toper of the olden time. Even to-day the capacity of a well seasoned Scotchman for his native drink is something to appal the un tried foreigner; but if we may believe a tithe of the stories collected by such a creditable authority as Dean Ram say, the Scotch of to-day are in this respect but poor and degenerate sci ons of a heroic race. T. M. Parrott, in the Booklover's Magazine. the Banks The report gives the Impression that there exists in the United States a large class of persons who engage in the occupation of swindling in as matter-of-fact a spirit as a grocer sella bad butter or a lawyer defends a bad case. The system by which the Pinker tons keep track of the crooks is won derfully complete. They possess a full rogues gallery of their own; keep a record of the hand-writing of pro fessional forgers, and have a personal acquaintance with their victims to at helps them penetrate the confusion of disguises and aliases. Nevertheless, the professional forger has not been suppressed. "The professional forger," says the report, "has during the past year been unusually active, but through our efforts for your associa tion we have caused the arrest of ' thirt7-flve forgers whose operations -were reported to us, convicted twenty, who were, sentenced to fifty-three -years and seven months, in addition to which six were sentenced to in determinate terms in prison, one es caped, one sentence suspended, while ten are awaiting trial, and five were released." New York Evening Post.. himself. He had not ';ecn a member long before ho came forward with th request for a wife, which wa granted.. Among the names suggested was that of the rescued girl, avd he chose her. Her consent was the enly condition, and, needless to city, that wis easily obtained. The wedding was not relayed. Tha time taken to deceive the nfssionarles had been - too loner for the loving hearts. They were caUed by th mis sion pastor, after which they left for a josshouse and were married by ths priest in real Chinese fashion. The last the missionaries heard ot them they were living in the heart of Chinatown and were worshiping joss, even more devoutly than their neigh bors.. Later it was discovered that the Chinaman, who was really the girl's lover, but had not sufficient funds with which to purchase her, had used the missionary people in this shrewd manner. He got the girl he loved without paying the $2,000. But the missionary has lost her confidence in the yellow race. San Francisco Call.