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THE SAYINGS OREGON.
"HOW DR. WHITMAN . BRAYED BLIZZARDS AND DEATH. Determined to Save Country From British Daniel Webster Opposed ; to Retaining Territory. A bloody trophy in possession of the , government at Washington is an In dian hatchet. The tomahawk reeks with red and horid association. It is the weapon with which Dr. Marcus . Whitman, the Indian missionary and his wife were slain in 1847 and with which the first blow of the tearsome Whitman masacre was begun an en ormous crimewhich nearly obliterated the white American settlers In the Ore gon country, sent a thrill of horror and indignation throughout the Amer ican republic and saved to the Amer ican people the great northwest coun try out of which Oregon; Washington and other states were created. It is one of the very cruel chapters in his-vtory-a chapter embracing eight years of war between settlers and savages the result of which was that the Hud son's Bay Company and the British crown were compelled to relingnish their claim to the ' territory. Another result was the virtual annihilation of the Cayuse tribe of Indians. So much - tragic history centers about this rusty hatchet that it is one of the' rarest rel ies of the government. A government official familiar with the period -says "The Whitman massacre was the re mit of the machinations of England to -secure by treaty or otherwise all P-WniTyAN STAITinG Ea&t on his Perilous TK"I Across the Pleading mis Cause Before. Webster, ano President. the territory west of the Rockies and north of the 42n1 n.u-nllftl rT Ti-th Int. itude." First White Women to Cross Rockies. It was in 18S0 that Dr. Marcus Whit man and the Rev. Mr. Spaulding, with their wives the first white women to cross the Rock Mountains went among the tribes of the Far North west., The country was then in the lontrol of the Hudson's Bay Com pany a British monopoly with nearly thousand employes. Its power over the Indian tribes was nearly absolute. It had a string of fortified Canadian posts from the Atlantic to the Pacific. llie company owned by men in Loa Ion desired to exclude American set- Moments nn,l ft- u-tioh s - tlements and to foster British immi gration. The Washington government so far from having any conception of the value of the northwestern country stubbornly maintained that it was worthless and inaccessible by land The great Webster said that it was a land fit only for savage beasts and still more savage men Dr. Whitman established his mission among the . Cayuse in the state of Washington near what is now Walla Walla, then Fort Walla Walla, trad ing post. In 1842 while attending a dinner given at the fort in honor of some British officers news came that a company of British immigrants were on their way and had already crossed the Rocky Mountains. There fwas great excitemeatat the table and a young officer unconscious of the presence of the American mission ary jumped to his feet exclaiming "Hurrah for Columbia: (the Oregon country-). America Us 'too bite -V have got he country." Dr. Whitman perceived that it was the purpose, of the British to claim the country by right of settlement He left the table rode rapidly to his : wilderness home and after a brief pause there set out for Washington. His parting words to his wife were "I am going to cross the Rocky Mountains, reach Washington . this winter, God carrying me through and bring out . an immitrratinn . through the mountains next spring or An Awful Journey. Winter had set in and the old chron icles tell it was a severe one marked by terrific storms and deen snows. Dr. Whitman reached Washington - 'i'!"-" i-'j iiut-u nanus ana. teet. The news he brought caused excite ment among the populace and concern . among many of the government offi- xcers. He saw Daniel Webster Secre- O --- Cr-.A A 1 . . ' J v,i ' itinrseuieu to mm the grandeur and value of the Oretron country, told him of the need of im im1'! grants and explained the reason that had indncedS him ' to brave the risml" nf tha cansnn I ixr r-.1 )-: r-. ,k. trip. Mr. Webster-was about to con clude the Webster-Ashburtott treaty renouncing any claim we might "have . to the great norhwest for a Newfound Sand cod-fishery. Webster was not impressed with Whitman's patriotic enthusiasm. He considered the coun. try of no value. He thought it would be as well to let Great Brittan have It Not satisfied with his interview with the Secretary of State Dr. Whit man sought- President Tyler who heard him ,with attention, and prom ised that the diplomatic deal for the . trading of Oregon should be held up and that a military escort should be given to the missionary's train. In the spring of 1843 Dr. Whitman led a party of one thousand Ameri- f jjly ill cans across the continent and In the autumn entered the valley of the tjregon. - . " Develish Work. The British agents slowly poisoned the -minds of the savages against the new comers but it was not till 1847 that the savages in council determined to massacre all the' American settlers in their country. The site of Dr. Whitman's'' dwel ling was on the north bank of the Walla Walla river at what is now the town of Wahula. The In dians surrounded the bouses of the mission their weapons hidden under their blankets. At dawn of November Jt), 1847 an Indian entered the doctor's house and asked for medicine. As the missionary turned to his medicine chest the savage buried his toma hawk in the good man's brain. Mrs. Whitman was killed a minute later bythe same savage with the same weapon. The mnrder of the mission ary was the signal for the wholesale slaughter to begin. The butchery com menced on all sides. The crash of firearms, the groans of the dying, screams of women, yells of the painted demons filled the air. The Indians women and children danced and sang as the atrocious work went on. They multilated the dead. Women and children of the settlers sank under bloody knife and club. The massacre la.sted all day and then murdering "parties started an fevery diirection. Everybody in the Whitman mission was killed and many settlers all through the woods were slain. The CajTMe Attacked a mfission among the Nez Ierces but these TnrlLnnK I beat them back and took the sides of the teiprttilers, G'ispatchinsr mrtiias of braves after the murderous Cayuse. American Immigration Won the Day. The surviving settlors were not slow in seeking revenge and thev made the name 'Paleface" a fearful word to the redskin murderers of the northwest forests. War to the death was c:trr:f J on against the Indians for eight years. Government troops were in the "coun try, and a stream of immigration had sot in. The leaders of the Cayuse who attacked the Whitman mission jvere captured by the Jsez Peroes on the upper John Bav river and lie of them were hanged at Orecron citv. 1 he graves of Dr. Whitman and his . e nf ..off,",1 TUtT? tUey U11 at . Wshula on that 'bloody Is ovein- uer morning Jiii. In the. light of this does it not seem that the government miclit have been a little consideiwte in its treatment of tne late chief Joseph and his Nez Perces band? The World Moves Qutekly. . How the thought of the world nasses from one thing to another, and then forgets. Attention for. months was centered upon Port Arthur, and then it was transferred to the movements of the naval fleets, the meeting of which was so disastrous to Russian hopes. It will be remembered that when Rojestvensky entered the China Sea he wired to the Czar: "If I am victorious I shall inform you. If lam vanquished, Togo will inform you." To the public Port Arthur is no more than one of the countless red splotches that disfigure history, and the naval battle of all historv is already relegated to dry discussions as to what branch of service , was most disastrous to ship and lives. Enforcing the Laws. From the Washington Star. There was nothing original in Gov. Folk's address at Chautauqua. N. X., recently, but the well-known truth he enunciated took on greater weight for his indorsement He is no closet phil osopher, giving to the public the re sults of reading and speculation, bat a man of affairs who has done things and noted the consequences. He was elected District Attorney in St. Louis 4n the expectation that he would Ignore the laws and let those who were vio lating them continue to flourish on their iniquities. Instead of that, he enforced the-laws and saw conditions all aroundjjim rapidly improve. When therefore, such a man tells us that a cure for many of the ills we are endur ing as a people is the simple execution of the laws, he has the strongest pos sible claim upon our attention, and his advice is worth following. Laws are of little use unless their enforcement is demanded and backed up by public sentiment. - - Literature and Music Prosper. During the past year the library of Congress made entries for copyrights to the extent of 106,577. an increase of 7.141 over those made In 1903. Of these, compositions of a musical char acter head the list, there having been entered for copyright 23.740. Period icals in single numbers follow closely behind, with a total number of 21.041. The classification of "books" showed entries to the number of 29,516, some 16,691 of which were books and the remainder booklets, leaflets, circulars, cards, newspapers and magazine arti cles. . . PALATIAL R. R. STAiIOH. XE W WA SHIXG TON s ta tion the FINEST IN THE WORLD. . " Construction of Structure and Build ing of Adjacent Largest of Freight Yards to Cost 322,000,000. - With all the talk relative to Govern ment control of railwav r.n test ' nnrt tha probability of Congress giving the sub- ject - at least consideration! the busy solons of the Senate and House his winter may not appreciate that within a radius of eight miles of the Capitol building there is work of railroad im provement going on having a value of over $22,000,000. ' , . Just across the Potomac River, be tween Washington and the historic but sleepy town of Alexandria, the Pennsylvania railroad is well along in constructing the largest freight yards in the United States, at a cost of $7,000,000, while the Pennsylvania and Baltimore and Ohio railroads are ex pending $15,000,000 in the city itself in eliminating grade crossings and erect ing a new JJmon station a station which, when completed, will be the largest passenger station in the world even exceeding that at Hamburg, Ger many. Compares in Size with Capitol. The new station, in itself hnt fivo feet shorter than the Capitol building. win race a plaza 500 feet wide by about 1,000 feet long, decorated with artistic uaiusxrao.es, terraces and fountains. Nine-streets will lead into the ih.v,. which itself will provide a space for massing troops and spectators for pub lic ceremonies. To give the required elevation to the station so as to admit the two passenger tunnels from the South, it was necessary to fill in the site of the station, some 1,000,000 cubic yards of earth being required to form the new plaza, the till for a con siderable area -being over . 35 feet in depth. Sanitary Train Sheds. Unlike most railroad stations, the architectural beauty of the Washing ton station will not be marred by the usual gigantic semi-circular train shed, but each pair of tracks will be covered over with a sort of umbrella train shed, which will protect alighting and de parting passengers from the elements, but will also allow the smoke and gases to rise into the atmosphere. The bag gage trucks will pass to the cars through tunnels to the end of the tracks, where the trunks and parcels will be brought to the surface by ele vators, so that at no time will the nas- sengers be in danger of collision with the baggagemen. The train concourse will be the largest single room in the world, nearly 700 Teet long, the entire vista being unbroken by the usual labyrinth of pillars. The ceiling is to be constructed in what is technically known as of the self-supporting type. There will. -be 33 passenger tracks, 27 on the main floor level and six on the tunnel floor where trains from the South will arrive through the double tunnel under Capitol Hill. A feature of the station will be the absence of stairs, so that even in a large crowd, for which Washington is famous dur ing inaugural or convention times, there will be no danger of accident to the passenger arriving or departing. . Presidential and Diplomatic Entrance. There will be special entrances and also rooms for guests of the nation, 4:he diplomatic corps and for the President of the United States, who will thus be enabled to quietly seek their train with out hindrance. In the original bill introduced in Con- .3 gress allowing' the railroad companies J to construct this station, provision was made to drive a tunnel directly beneath the Capitol building, with ele vators running immediately from' the Senate Chamber and the House Cham ber into private Congressional stations. This would have enabled the United States Senator from Oregon, for in stance, to pass out of the Senate and walk directly aboard his Pullman sleeping car without exposure to the open air until he reached - his far western home. A great convenience this, doubtless, - to delicate legislators; but a literal undermining of Congress by the railroads probably wisely ex cluded from the architectural plans. TheBriekbats Never Touched Him I had a funny dream last night. Thought that John D. Rockefeller was running for office, -. ' Yes ! And be was about to make a speech in a brickyard, when I woke up. - i - 0: t .". :'. - ;- " ." O-,-' -- v ' it t 1' - ' ' s-z: - - - s -. - EUROPEAN GOSSIP. Tales of Diplomatic and Court In trigue. It seems that Mr. W. W. Astor has bought the historic Hever estate in Kent, England, and is improving it. "It luuuues z.uvu acres of land and moated castle, nearly six hundred years oia, where at one time Henry vin. maintained Anne of Cleves. On mis estate. Mr. Astor has put to work about one thousand men. with, due in. '-"L", a.uu is znaKing cnanges rated ms improvements which the calculating natives estimate will cost him a million and a quarter pounds.- He is? hniiHin. a iaxe, a model village. Toads, bridges and gardens, and is doubtless having a good, deal of the sort of fun that Mr. Kipling in a recent storv has sueeested aa a. sunauw recreation lor tired Amer icans. Though the Sultan is himself a total THE SHAH OF PERSIA, abstainer, the finest vintage wines are always offered to such guests as dine at the palace. The recent visit of the Shah of Persia to England recalls a former call of his upon Queen Victoria, when London was startled at the Oriental methods employed by this picturesque Eastern potentate. Thousands of dollars worth of damage was done in the famous Buckingham Palace by the nochalant orders of the Shah. The sheep which provided his mutton were brought into the palace rooms, which had been placed at his royal diSDOsal. and slaughtered upon the magnificent and costly rugs and other such extravagant practices were the order of the day. While the meat which the Shah eats is always supposed to be slaughtered be fore his eyes, it was believed at the time that these - performances were simnlv the carrying out of an Eastern regal fancy, to show Western barbarians what the Orient was accustomed to. The Queen's maids of honor have very little to do. They live at home, and when the Queen is in London they are conveyed to "Buckingham Palace after luncheon in royal carriages, and remain in a suite of charming salons until required to accompany the Queeu and her unmarried daughter out driving. They must dress very well and not appear in the same clothes too often, and, above all, study the wishes of Her Majesty in regard to colors and modes. The millinery embargo, that is, not to wear a picture hat, must be fol lowed to the letter. With a salary of $1,500 and the attachment of "Honor able" to their names, the fair maids-of- honor manage to worry along until they marry. . ir, n n :- i 14 rf Zl- -?SH v i ii A wwmi King Alfonso recently had a curious adventure at Madrid. He had left Granda one morning- Incognito. " He guarded his identity so strictly that l no one suspected his presence and wnen ne presented nimseir at tne royaji iwiocc Lilt: seiiirjF reiuseu xiiiu auuiiL- tance. The King inspected the apart ments being prepared for President Loubet of France, who was preparing to visit the youthful Spanish monarch, and then sent a summons to the aston ished ministers to come and hold a council. . , The Empress-Dowager of China Is thoughtful of her subordinates. Here is an edict of hers issued recently which will bear out the idea: "Wong Wen-Shao, the grand . secretary, has served under us, many years, and he has shown great diligence and faith fulness. Hesjs now -over 70 -years of age, and In the daily audiences his obeisance is now very difficult, and our sympathy must be shown him. Jjet him be relieved from the grand coun- tomtom,. ! 1 1 j cil in order that he may be saved trouble. As a dismissal .this could -fnaraiy oe unproved upon. - Father - John of Cronstadt. whose extraordinary influence over the Czar, no less than his "propaganda against tie revolutionaries, continually rouses me ire or the secret committee, is 86 years of age. In personality he answers to the description of the aver age Knssian peasant, onlv in his ease abstemiousness has wrought a refining eneci on his features. VAN CALAVA. COUNTING UNCLE SAM'S CASH. Occurs Every Time a New Treasurer is Appointed. Owing to the recent change In the oflice of Treasurer of the United States, a task of no small magnitude is going oa- in -the Treasury Building. tvery time one Treasurer gives way to another the cash must be counted and verified before the new official becomes responsible for the money under his care. - As soon as a change is made the Secretary of the Treasury appoints a Committee of Three to select a force to count the cash. This committee picks out a number of clerks in the various omces of the Department and they are set at work to count the millions. Per haps there may be forty men selected to perform this huge count; maybe ntty or eighty. It is always considered an honorv to be one of these counters. The total sum counted bv these men is somewhere in the neighborhood of five hundred and thirty millions in money, bonds, notes and everything else. One vault alone contains over a hundred millions in silver dollars. An other has a heavy amount of- silver fractional currency, and many tons of nickel five-cent pieces and pennies. 1 he worKing cash - is handled first. and in order to give it a chance to do regular duty it is counted at night. Most of the money is counted in bulk and stored away in oags, each contain ing! a certain sum. luese are weighed, and if there is even one dollar short, there is instant detection of the wrong count As each bag is filled by a clerk. who attaches his name by a tag, any discrepancy in the "number of coins or any coin missing from the sack is charged to him. . This is done, not only to check any tendency toward dis honesty, but also to cause each counter to exercise the greatest care. The new Treasurer is Charles II. Treat, of New York, who takes the place of Ellis H. Roberts. : The Unemployed in Germany. It seems from consular reports that there are none. Colonies for the so called "unemployed" take tuem out of this class immediately and make pau perism unknown. Each city supports large offices where hunters for work go and register. They get a bath, have their clothing disinfected, and if .the unions which support these institutions have no work-for them in cities, they are sent to the farm colonies in the country, where they can work at farm ing, land reclamation, and in other pro duetive capacities. The system of these unions is. said to be very com prehensive; they are open to all, and besides providing opportunities for workers, have systems of old age pen sions, insurance against accidents, and other benefits. Agents Wanted " To Canvass for the United States Senator Number NOW PUBLI8HED. The issne contains portraits of the NINETY MEMBERS two from each State In the Union. This collection was made from recent exclusive sittings lor the BOSTON BUDGET The Pictures 12 x 8 inches i n size are protected by copyright and can not be reproduced legally elsewhere. 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