The Western Kansas World
H. S. GIVLER, Pub.
WAKEENEY, . . . KANSAS.
Indian Eduaction That Counts.
The Indian school at Chilocco has
Just graduated the largest class In its
listory, and some of Its graduates and
many of Its other classes will help the
sugar beet raisers In the vicinity of
Rocky Ford, CoL, during the vacation.
Over 150 of the young Indians are now
engaged in this work in that district,
and will remain there .until the crop Is
all gathered. They will be back in the
school in the fall, ready to resume their
At Chilocco and many of the other
government schools the young Indians
get the- right sort of education to fit
them for their new role In life. The
education is equally divided between
the books and the workshops. The
boys and girls are taught all that is
Imparted In the ordinary grammar
schools of the country, and a little
more, In some cases. In addition the
boys are taught to make and repair
harness, to shoe horses, to build
houses, to do farm work of various
sorts, to raise and care for cattle, and
some of the rest of the things that
need to be done in the average com
munity in the west or east. The girls
are instructed, by actual practice. In
cooking, baking, laundering, nursing,
sewing and other work suitable to
This is the education that counts,
says the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The' Chilocco school was in practical
operation at the St. Louis world's fair,
and was one of its most attractive fea
tures: It was visited by hundreds of
thousands of people during the seven
months of the fair. Admiration for its
system and for the intelligence - and
good behavior of Its pupils was ex
pressed on every hand. Superintendent
S. M. McCowan, the head of the school,
was here with it, and won gh praise
for the thoroughness and practical
character of the, work of his pupils.
The United States government made
many mistakes ki its dealings with the
Indians in the old days, but for the
past quarter of a century It has been
on the right track. Chilocco, Carlisle,
Haskell and the rest of the great gov-
-ernmenl schools are doing a good work
in training the young Indians of both
sexes to help to intelligently bear so
Chinese Students' Uniforms..
The establishment of government
schools in China, and the equipment
of students in uniforms is furnishing
a market for military clothing. Ac
cording to the British consul at Wu-
chow 60 of these schools have been
opened In that prefectorate alone. The
uniform consists of a coat and trousers
ot foreign cut, with brass buttons and
peak caps, and shoes of foreign pat-
tern. The material used is either
serge, union cloth or cotton tweed for
winter uniforms, and for summer
wear any light cotton cloth. In the
strictly military schools khaki Is
worn. All the uniforms seen appear
to be of British cloth, but there is a
rule, which is evidently ignored, that
only native material be used. Caps,
buttons and braid all come from Ja
pan. The shoes are said to be of
Hongkong manufacture, but a very in
ferior kind is made locally of native
leather. The cost of a uniform of cot
ton tweed, the cheapest, is only $3.60
Mexican ($1.80 American currency)
made to order; a set of buttons, five
In a set, costs 20 cents, and cap from
40 cents to $2.20; shoes from $1.10 to
$2.20. Quality in every case is ex
tremely poor. This uniform, the con
sul adds, is becoming fashionable
among the younger male generation In
that part of China, and every child
whose parents can afford the expense
Is now decked out as a miniature stu
If "Mary, Mary, quite contrary,'
be an Algerian, perhaps her garden
grows with silver bells and cockle
shells and sponges all in a row. The
cultivation of vegetable sponges is
making progress in Algeria. About
ten species of the plant are known
and they are cultivated in Asia and
Africa, being extensive In the regions
of Algiers and Oran. Prior to ma
turity the fruit is edible; when the
stage- of - ripeness, however, ha3 been
passed the pulp becomes separated
from the fibrous matter which then
forms the spongy mass entitled the
vegetable sponge. Fine specimens
i when bleached In a weak lime bath
are sold at about a nickel apiece.
Ptjis Is at present the chief market
-for most of the vegetable sponges
grown in Algiers. They are suitable
not only for toilet and bathroom, but
Also for domestic purposes.
This selling of song birds for hats
js a pitiful business. There ought to
be no necessity for going to law to
top it, and there would not be. if
, All women were as tender and merci
ful as they like to be thought. A dead
bird n a hat does not advertise pleas
It must not be supposed that the
manufacturers of black pepper are
confined to the use of lampblack and
tapioca. They can make an excellent
' article out of ground cocoanut shells.
A POST OF DANCER.
Green Recruit "Went Through All the
Tortures of Actual Encounter
When the pulse of the nation throb
bed in response to Father Abraham's
call for "seventy-five thousand men,"
the rush to arms was so great tnat
the maximum number of companies
was exceeded by the enrollment of
beardless boys in some instances. The
veterans of the Mexican war were in
request. One of these was deemed
sufficient to season a whole company.
The raw young men were eager for
the fray how eager we all remember
sadly, so many bright boys went brave
ly to their death.
The Twelfth Pennsylvania regiment
in the three months' service were s:a-
tioned on the Northern Central rail
road; they did guard duty. That road
was all important it was the great
highway over which the troops that
were to fight the union's battles were
dispatched to the capital. The regiment
was stretched out over an Interval of
30 miles. It relieved the First New
York infantry, if my memory serves
me. There is one. thing there can be
no doubt about. The First New York
stuffed" the Twelfth Pennsylvania.
We lit down there in the evening. Be
fore the First New York left the
ground a number of the Twelfth Penn
sylvania imagined there was a confed
erate soldier behind every tree and
rock near the roadbed.
It will not be deemed remarkable.
says Corporal Cloverside, who tells the
story' in the American Tribune, if 1
add that half the boys comprising
Company "I" requested to be put on
"posts of danger."
One of these patriots I will ca'l L.
His. request was not gratified. He had
the mortification of witnessing others
detailed for duty at dusk. His oppor
tunity arrived with the second ' relief.
HE STOOD WITH HIS HANDS GRASP
ING HIS GUN.
His ears were strained, his eyes ditto
when the "corporal of the guard" res
ponded to the nervous queries pro
pounded by the men on the pests.
When it came to his turn to be left
all alone at the foot of a big tree his
frame of mind may be imagined when
I state that the man he relieved whis
pered before leaving him:
"Keep a sharp lookout back of you.
There are a lot of negro huts up there,
I thought I saw some one move be
tween them, and, mind, there is only
one post beyond you."
L. was deeply depressed by the man
ner, as well as the words of his mess
mate. He strained his eyes in the
direction of those huts or where the
huts ought to be it was pitch dark
until his head ached. He adhered
rigidly to the advice given him by the
man he had relieved; refrained from
coughing; did not budge from the tree
an inch; grasped his gun at full cock
with both hands; thus he stood for
four mortal hours. Four hours! they
seemed weeks months ages! The
bats flitting past struck terror to his
heart until he remembered there was
such a' thing as bats. The first hoot of
an owl caused him to run until he
realized it was an owl. But might it
not be a signal? What could be easier
than for a confederate to hcot like an
owl to lull him into fancied security,
pounce on him, disarm him and cut his
throat? The owl's hoot was listened
to with an earnestness that would have
served a brigade.
A twig snapping seemed as loud to
the listener now as the cracking of a
saw-log. Every sense was tense. The
guard on a dangerous post, resolved
not to be caught napping, yet unused
to midnight vigils, exhausted his fac
ulties before the first hour passed.
The remaining hours were simply tor
ture. He caught himself dozing he,
on a post of danger absolutely doz
ing. Time and again he was within
an ace of falling only his grasp on
his musket prevented it. His eyelids
were weighted with tons of sand-
lead. It was impossible to keep his
If he dare walk! If he could walk
around the tree! If he dare sit or
hum R low tune! But he was not a
tobacco chewer could not even rumi
nate like a cow in the shade.
lights gleamed here and there
through the trees. They might be
fire-flies and they m'ght not. What
if they were not? Would the relief
neter come I -
It Is always the darkest before dawn, j
L. thought there was darkness sum-!
cient that morning- for half a dozen
dawnings. he wcn.ered if all war!
was life his experience. It could
make a man gray or. bald-headed in.
a year or less time. Toea he won
dered who was sleeping in hl3 ted.
It was a mighty ecm ortable bed. If
he ever git home fare he'd compli
ment that bed In a way
The guard on the dangerous post
wa3 sound asleep by this time; is
sound as though his head was lying
on his pillow. " He stood with his
Lands grasping his gen near tie muz
zle, his chin resting on the muzzle.
and his back against the tree. The
stillness was profound, when sudden-
ly, an I without an instant's warning,)
a sound like that of a man falling j
from a great height smote tb-f calm ;
morning air. The guard jumped
jumped straight up at least six inches,
and tettled tack in his tracks with
every sense as. alert as though his
soul's salvation depended on their in
stant and effective exercise.
A man! And lodging -in a tree like
that! It was not 'possible he made
that noise jumping. Could it be?
Yes, it was possible the confederate
had droppel fell from his percn.
But why did he not cry out?
In va n the guard pricked up his
ears. No sound was heard. Yes. tnere t
was something rustling in a field near i
by. Would he shout? No! He would!
fire his gun off. Fooh! and he laughed J
out. The man on a dangerous post
concluded to keep his own counsel.
He was glad he did.
When the relief came along the cor
poral was laughing and talk'ng. "It
must be a greit country for coon hunt
ing. He saw one as big as a shoat
strike into a cornfie'd down the road
a mile or two."
L. listened and smile i. He was im
mensely relieved in a double sene.
The sound the appalling sound that
startled him was explained. A coon
had dropped, with all the weight of 30
or 40 pounds, from the tree near him,
and ran away through the cornfield.
Feature of Military Description
Which Has Been Hitherto Ne
glected by Historians.
One of the publishing houses is said
to have under way a project for a
joint history of the civil war to be
writtea in combination by a major
general of the Union army (Howard)
and a lieutenant general of the confed
erate army (Lee).
The field of war literature has been
fairly well covered, but there remains
one feature of mlltary description
which, however unsatisfactory it might
be to soldiers and to those having tech
nical knowledge of the art of war,
would be a refreshing novelty to lay
men if it were introduced into the new
history. That is a comprehensive ac
count of a battle comprehensive and
The ordinary style of battle descrip
tion as written by soldiers goes to the
extrem? of technical detail about as fol
"Our line extended for about six
miles irregularly from the fork of
the plank road to the bank of the Sus-
queegee, one mile south by west from
the Tobin farmhouse. On the left was
Johnson's corps connecting with Ma
jor's detachment of sharpshooters, be
hind which (though a little to the
front of the Williams brigade) was the
"Along the center were the corps of
Thompson, RoderiCK and Henderson.
On the right were irregular masses of
cavalry, the heavy artillery of Smith's
brigade, detached from the Sanderson le
gion. There were in all 25,000 troops,
and anyone standing on an eminence
could from the above description see
exactly how they were placed.
"Opposite, nine divisions of the en
emy, variously estimated at from 6,500
to 45,000 men, awaited the signal to
attack. At the first shot Johnson's
brigade moved diagonally in front of
Thompson's division, supported by
Smith's brigade, which cut off the ad
vance of Sanderson's legion.
"The forces of Roderick fell back
and those of Major advanced north
westerly, throwing 7,000 men Into the
entrenctments between the lines of
Henderson's force and Sm th's detach
ment. So placed, our forces were ready
to withstand, either on the right, left
or center, any attack of the enemy.
"As may be seen at a glance from
this changed position, the enemy cross
ing the plank road near Thomas' barn
could by a flank movement overpower
the portion of Roderick's detachment
which, notwithstanding an enfilading
fire, had crossed to the position va
cated by Sanderson's troops in their
concentric movement toward the Rob
erts tarm. For three-quarters of an
hour the battle raged within these
lines, when a sudden shout going up
from the extreme left wing showed
that the Jones forces had crossed ir
regularly to a position in front of
Allen's division of Johnson's brigade.
"This skillful tactical movement
turned the enemy's right in confusion,
and It fell back on Warren's Hill,
around which the battle now raged.
At noon the enemy retired, leaving
1.200 prisoners, 500 stand of arms, 9
guns and enormous stores. Our loss
was 4 wounded and 17 missing."
Indignities to Old Glory.
The people of Los Angeles were
deeply stirred up by learning that the
Chinese and Japanese used American
flags for targets in shooting galleries,
says the National Tribune. The Jap
anese own the galleries, but the Chi
nese went in and paid liberally for the
pleasure of shooting at the flag. The
police caught them at their impudent
work, routed the shooters and closed
up the galleries.
I ! Ill , 111'' f VIJV "'a 1
9 I T' 3
It is often said that we have no
American . style of architecture, but
that need not worry us because we are
a nation of inventors. This probably
is the very reason why we have no one
distinctive style or manner of building.
Our inventive architects are, continual
ly working for improvement and they
are succeeding wonderfully well.
In my experience I have learned that
comfortable, attractive houses cost no
more to build than the ordinary struc
tures usually seen in towns and vil
lages, the only requisite is to know
how to do it. The average American
citizen wants a house that is pleasing
in appearance, but the exterior must
not in any way Interfere with the com
fortable arrangement of the rooms.
While a man takes pride in the out
side appearance, " his first - thought
usually is for the. wife and her life is
spent inside. The good wife has the
housework to dq, and American hus
bands are thoughtful, and they are
good providers. The most popular
houses I ever saw were the most con
Dwellings in older countries are
heavier, usually in design, more ex
pensive to build, not so pleasing In
appearance, for the same amount of
rooms they usually cost more than the
ordinary American home. Of course
we have many incongruities. Some of
the residence streets certainly look
very odd. There Is room for Improve
ment in every section of the country.
In some of our older villages the
struggle for better houses may. be read
in the houses themselves. Improve
ments are attempted here and there
by adding bay windows, porches or ex
tensions and generally the attempt is
' '4 .v$-y, " 't
a failure because the new construction
does not correspond with the old. It is
a patched garment, and it shows it.
The, interior usually is damaged in
stead of Improved. In most cases it
would be better to Eell the old house
for a barn, and build new from the
bottom of the cellar up. Repairing an
old house always is unsatisfactory.
Even in the newer streets in our
best towns there is a wide difference
in the appearance of the houses. Some
are very neat and tasty, but others are
very poorly designed. It is not neces
sary to cut up a house into odd shapes
to make It look good. Very often a
plain square house built in proper pro
portions, with a porch across the front
and without further ornamentation,
makes a more pleasing home both in
side and out than a more expensive
Ground Floor Flan.
house of some fancy design. Such a
house except that the porch is built
in under the main roof is shown In the
Illustration on this page.
This house is exactly square, being
36 feet wide and 36 feet long, and it
will cost from $1,600 to $2,000.
The greater amount of cubic space
Inclosed by a given length of wall is In
circular form; next to this comes the
square. . For economy in construction,
when th3 amount of room is taken into
consideration, no other plan will equal
the- "square house and there are other
economies beside that of first cost. A
square house means square rooms
bunched as closely together as possi
ble, which means that the rooms in
such a bouse are easily beats la win-
. 1 . " '-'rJ fr 'gr& "-3?
. ffPY ' 3ilV iSts
ter and that each room may be made
easy of access which is another way of
stating that there is less work -in tak
ing care of the different fooms In a
square, compactly built house.
This design admits of a center hall
with rooms on both sides. ' Such houses
may be heated by turning all the fur
nace heat into the lower hall, but I
am not saying that this is the best and
Second Floor Plan-
most satisfactory way to do. If a
furnace is put In the cellar of any
house, separate pipes should lead the
heat to the different rooms.
This is another one-story house with
bedrooms finished off in the roof
gables, which is a great economy if
rightly managed. Never in the history
of building has this been done to so
much advantage as at the present time.
The scarcity and high prices of build
ing material as well as the increasing
price of coal combine to make such
economies necessary and they are not
only necessary but they are desirable.
True economy is a virtue that should
THE LAOCOON CORRECTED
Fragment Recently Found Said to
Show That Present Group Is
Everybody familiar with the famous
group known as the Laocoon will be
glad to know that at last it will be
possible correctly to restore it.
The group was found in a vault In
Rome in 1506 and was bought and
placed In the Vatican by Pope Julius
II. In 1796 Napoleon carried It off
to Paris, but it was returned in 1815.
Wtjen the statue was unearthed the
right arm of Laocoon and the younger
boy were missing, and likewise the
right hand of the older boy. ' The
group wa3 restored by Giovanni
Montorsoli. Even in his ' day some
doubt was expressed as to the ac
curacy of his reconstruction.
. At last a young German, Herr Lud
wig Pollak, has been fortunate enough
to chance unon a fraempnt whfrTi tin.
doubtedly formed1 part .of a reproduc
tion of the Laocoon group and which
makes it possible to correct Montor
The fragment which, according to
the Scientific American, was found by
Pollak in a small Roman scalpellino,
among a mass of other fragments, is
the right arm of a Laocoon. Pollak
learned that It was found in the Via
Labicana. That was all he could dis
cover. . The stone of which it is made
is a coarse grained Parian marble.
In ancient times it had been broken
in two places and repaired. The ser
pent was injured at the time of the
last fracture, but its convolutions can
still be traced. The body of the ser
pent has the smooth surface so char
acteristic of the restored group. In
all probability the scales were paint
ed. At the inner side of the upper
arm three indentations are to be seen,
evidently caused by the pick of some
So different Is this fragment from
the Vatican group that it could not
have belonged to it, but to an ancient
replica about one-ninth smaller than
tb original. The arm was probably
broken when the statue was removed
from its pedestal in Rhodes and takes
UTTERLY WORN OUT.
Vitality Sapped by Years of Suffering
with. -Kidney Trouble.
Capt. J. W. Hogun, former postmas
ter of Indlanola, now living at Austin,
Texas, writes: "i
was afflicted fot
years with pains .
across the loins
and in the hipfc
and shoulders. I
had headache alsc
and neuralgia. '
My right eye,
from pain, was of
little use to me
for years. The
constant flow or urine kept my system
depleted, causing nervous chills and
night sweats. After trying seven dif
ferent climates and using all kinds of
medicines, I had the good fortune to
hear of Doan's Kidney Pills. This
remedy has cured me. I am as well to
day as I was twenty years ago, and my
eyesight is perfect."
Sold by all dealers. 50 cents a box,
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
Too many bills are apt to make
man feel bilious.
The fools are not all dead. In fact.
a lot of them haven't been born.
Joy cometb in the morning unless
you've been making a night of it.
It's a mistake to marry too young,
but it's a mistake that isn't repeated.
A woman is never quite happy with
a man who refuses to argue with her.
Many an unsuccessful man ' would
rather preserve his dignity than
It is better to have too little con-
fldence In yourself than too much in
We are told that love levels all
things, but often it seems like an up
To indulge in the things we can't
afford is the average man's idea of
Life is like a game of cards, in
which a good deal depends upon a
The fellow who is always under a
cloud reminds me of nothing so much)
as a borrowed umbrella.
The Salvation Army,
according to its regular custom, la
making arrangements to look after th
needs of the poor during the hot sum
mer months. These include "Fresh
Air Camp," "Penny Ice," and Free
Outings' for the poor.
The Camp, which opens on June 29tnt
and closes the end of August, will be
held near Swope Park. Large batches
of poor women and children will be
taken every Friday, each batch re
maining one week. A plentiful supply
of good, wholesome food will be given,
and every arrangement made for their
comfort and enjoyment.
This is a noble work, and one which,
is well worthy of the support of the
Donations for the same should be ad
dressed to Colonel T. W. Scott, 1300
Walnut St., Kansas City, Mo.
PROVERBS AND PHRASES.
He who would gather honey must .
bear the sting of bees. From the
When you make de jail too nice yoa
better strenkin de hogpen. American
Negro. - .
A sensible housekeeper begins to
sweep her stairs from the top. From
An honest man does not make him
self a dog for the sake of a bone.
From the Danish.
It is good to be a priest at Easter,
child in Lent, peasant at Christmas,
and fool in harvest time. From the
Trees of Great Age.
The distinction of being . the .oldest
living thing undoubtedly belongs ' to
one of four trees. A century ago De
Canbolle found two yews, one at Fort
ingal. In Perthshire, and one in Hed
sor, in England, that were estimated
to be, respectively, 2,500 and 3,240
years old. Both are still flourishing,
and the older tree has a trunk 27 feet
The extraordinary popularity of fine
white goods this summer makes the
choice of Starch a matter of g-eat Im
portance. Defiance Starch, being free
from( all injurious chemicals, is the
only one which is safe to use on fine
fabrics. Its great strength as a stlff
ener makes half the usual quantity of
Starch necessary, with the result of
perfect finish, equal to that when the'
goods were new.
The parson was talking to little El
mer about his habits, and asked him
what time he was usually called for
breakfast. "They don't have to call
me," answered Elmer. "I'm always
Give Defiance Starch a fair trial
try it for both hot and cold starching,,
and If you don't think you do better
work, in less time and at smaller cost
you back your money.
"Married life is a constant struggle,'
says the Manayunk Philosopher
"The wife struggles to keep up ap
pearances and the husband struggles
to keep down expenses."
FITS, St. Vitus Dance and all Kervou
Diseases permanently cured by Dr. k.ine'
.xreat Nerve Restorer, bead for Free $2.90
trial bottle and treatise. Dr. R. H. Kline
LA, 631 and 833 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Some women wouldn't be satisfied in
Heaven without burglar-proof vaults?
in which to lock up their halos. -
affn. Wlnalow Soothing Syrup,
For eta 1 1 ren tee-thlnff. mvttmn the Rum,. mdrjo. fa
S.miTi.tlcgi. aliajr p.ln. cure wind colic "c a '-iff I.
Man's inhumanity to man Is often
tba result of indigestion.
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