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The Western Kansas World
H. S. 'GrVTiER. Pub. KANSAS TVAKEENEY The Teacher's Privilege. What nobler profession can there fee than that of passing on to younger tiuman beings the best there Is in us 7 It is rather a strange contradiction that while education is highly valued In our country, teaching on the whole lias less honor than it deserves. "It is a pity that, commonly, more care is bad, yea, and that among very wise men, to find out rather a cunning man for their horse than a cunning man for their children." We do not pay our teachers enough tor our own good, since . a liberal salary attracts talent not only in itself but because it is a symbol of success. Half a million Amprif una arA Tin w pnaered in (loin 2 what they can with 20,000,000 younger minds. Surely no half million Ameri cans are employed in more important work. "Teach self-denial, said Wal ter Scott (and something might be said of other virtues) "and make its practice pleasurable, and you create for the world a destiny more sublime than ever issued from the brain ol the wildest dreamer. Teach anything that is good, remarks Collier's, and you touch the depths. The ablest and truest men and women are required, those who know life and are not pedants, not machines with notions oi suggestion no higher than the ferule and the copy-book. The teacher works . with living minds and hearts and souls. On no man or woman rests a higher or more inspiring task. ' Endowed Theater for Masses. - ,1s it to be believed that out of oui rich, refined, play-lovig population there are not to be found those with sufficient enthusiasm or self-sacrifice to raise whatever money is necessary to establish at least one ideal experi mental theater, with a sixpenny gal lery and a shilling pit, all places to be reserved, and with free perform ances at least once a week, where the best works of the best dramatists ol the world could be played by a com pany whose primary object was noi to serve as advertisements for the dressmaker, or be mere incidents in the scenic splendors of the carpen ter's art? What is wanted . is faith, and after faith organization. Even in this day of doubt and unbelief the churches can 'find faith enough to cre ate organizations which raise an; amount of cash, says W. T. Stead in World To-Day. I ain loath to believe that the theater-going public is such a godless, reckless, worthless set oi selfish loons that it is impossible tc raise out of their midst a fellowship of stalwart worke3 and liberal giver who will begin the democratic regen eration of the theater. In order to ascertain how often and tor what a dollar Is spent, a California .society is sending into circulation a hundred silver dollars, each fastened to a parchment tag. The person intc whose hands one of the dollars falls is requested to write in blank spaces on the tag the date, place and occasion of the transfer of the coin to his pos session, and then pass it oa in the course of ordinary business. Ten coins will be sent xut by each of sev eral trades and professions, bankers artisans, retailers, and so on. It is hoped that the coins will be returned according to directions, with' all the blanks filled, to the projectors of the scheme, and that they may draw "practically scientific" conclusions about the habits of American purchas ers. In school compositions "The Au tobiography of a Cent" used to be a favorite subject, and those Innocent fictions are no doubt the progenitors of these real travels of- real dollars. Some point is given to the -demand of the Hungarian nationalists for" an increase in the Hungarian represen tation in the consular and diplomatic, service of the dual empire by a late Incident which occurred in New York, says the Youth's Companion. A Hun garian who came to America some years ago without having performed bis military service was summoned tc return and serve his term of duty. He finally wrote an angry and sancy let ter, in which he asserted his indepen dence under American law, and at tacked the Austrian military authori ties, the foreign minister, and finally the emperor. The consul-general at JJew York, either through carelessnss or inability to read Hungarian, sent this letter on the military authorities with the formal and stereotyped "in dorsement: "Contents of memorial agree with facts, and acceptance is recommended." According to some of the scientists. women are growing taller. If this -would keep them from growing stout er after they -reached middle age it isn't likely that many of them would worry much over their Increasing . length. " In 190 the natural gas produced al so j a in ine unitea states was orth f 4 1.562.855, and the supply was crowing larger, despite wasteful meth ods. The fear of a shortage of fuel aeeoia to tare a small foundation. STANDARD OIL Department of Justice Begins Suit at St. Louis to Kill Giant Trust. The Petition Fihd Asks That the Combination Be Declared Unlaw ful and Restrained from Doing Business His ory of the Mo nopoly and How It Is Alleged to Restrain Trade - Its Enormous Profits. The War on the Standard. St Louis. PeUtioh filed in United States circuit court asking for 'disso lution of Standard Oil trust and per petual Injunction restraining 70 con stituent companies from working with or paying dividends, to parent com pany. . - New York. Standard Oil shares dropped 15 points, making net loss of 150 points since Roosevelt's war on the trust began; total depreciation in stock since president opened crusade, $150,000,000; this notwithstanding quarterly dividends of S10 per share. Findlay, O. Prosecuting attorney directed by Attorney General Ellis to keep grand jury in session; all Stand ard Oil officials may be indicted; of ficials of Standard Oil company of Ohio indicted agreed to surrender. St- Louis, Mo. The suit to break up the Standard Oil trust has been filed in the United States circuit court here. - The petition asks: v That the court decree that the com bination and conspiracy are unlawful under the Sherman anti-trust act. That the Standard Oil company be enjoined, restrained and' prohibited from exercising any control over its allied corporations, or any of them, by the election or appointment of di rectors or officers, or in any other manner. That the subsidiary corporations be enjoined from declaring or paying any dividends to the Standard Oil com pany of New Jersey. That the defendants, and each and all of them, be enjoined from entering into any contract, the purposeor ef fect of which is to restrain commerce in petroleum and its products or to monopolize the same. The petition contains 194 pages of printed matter, or about 100,000 words, and an aditional 84 pages of exhibits, consisting of by-laws and minutes oi Standard Oil meetings and organizations, and a map showing the retail prices of oil in every state and territory of the union. Whf,t the Petition Alleges. It is alleged in the petition that John D. .Rockefeller-- and his associ ates, the other individual defendants. formed ft conspiracy to monopolize J the' commerce in, petroleum and its products at tCn. early date about the year 1870 and that the same individ uals have controlled the combination during-al 1 .these years, in all its forms, and now control it. It was, therefore. deemed wise to state in the petition the complete history and growth of this conspiracy. History of the Conspiracy. The petition is logically divided into three periods. During the first one of these periods, from. 1870 to 1882. the combination assumed the form of a simpl& conspiracy that is to say. the defendants, with the Standard Oirf company of Ohio, acted together to suppress competition and control the oil business. During the second period, from 1882 to 1899, the combination assumed the form of a trust agreement, -whereby about 40 separate corporations en gaged in the same business, turned over the management of their busi ness to nine trustees, of which these individual defendants were the major ity, so that these defendants con trolled all of these corporations. In March, 1892, the supreme court of Ohio declared this trust agreement void and ordered its dissolution. Thereupon, on March 21, 1892, the trust certificate holders met in New ork and resolved to dissolve the trust and appointed John D. Rockefeller, Henry M. Flagler, William Rockefel ler, John D. , Archbold, - Benjamin Brewster, Henry H." Rogers, Wesley H. Til ford and O. B. Jennings . as liquidating trustees the individual defendants being a majority of these trustees. The manner of liquidation was not to sell the property and divide the proceeds among the certificate hold ers, nor to return to each person in dividually the property placed in the trust, but all of the stocks in each of the companies were divided into portions in proportion to the number of trust certificate shares outstanding, so that Rockefeller and his associates continued to control all these corpor ations as before. - Birth of the Present Trust. The petition then takes up the third period of the conspiracy, begin! ng with the formation of the present trust. In order to accomplish this. In Jan uary, 1899, they increased the stock - Testing Butter. Here is a certain butter test: Melt a little on some hot hominy ia your breskfast plate and ' taste it- The fraud will establish itself instantly. Print butter fetches a bigger price than ordinary tub butter. There is an extra charge for manipulation and wrapping the pound pieces in paraffin paper. But in my travels I hava met print butter that was made np of "cocking thirds." Make sure of your hatter dealer, then go ahead. New ork frcss. ON THE RACK of the Standard Oil company of New Jersey from $10,000,000" to 8110,000, 000, and made it the holding corpora tion and' placed the control through stock ownership of all the corpora tions previously held by the trusts into the said company, and exchanged its stock for the stock so acquired, share for share, issuing therefor $97, 250,000 par value the exact amount of the trust certificates previously is sued by the trustee's. - The stock of . this company was In creased, by a small amount, and is now $98,338,300. ' Some Standard Oil Methods. The petition .then shows the meth ods employed by the Standard . Oil company to monopolize the oil busi ness. These include discriminating contracts with the railroad companies, manipulation of rates, local price cut ting, bogus independent companies, etc. - The bill sets up among others a con tract between the Standard Oil com pany and the Tidewater Pipe company whereby the Tidewater companies are limited to 11 per cent of certain business in Pennsylvania and New York, and the Standard Oil company ktoreceive 88 per cent of the busi ness, the Standard Oil company guar anteeing the Tidewater company $500, 000 per annum profits, thereby elim inating all competition between them. The bill alleges a contract made with the Pennsylvania railroad com pany in 1S84, which was in existence nntil 1906, by which the Standard Oil company was able to maintain the public charges for transporting crude oil from western Pennsylvania at 40 and 45 cents a barrel to Philadelphia and New York respectively. The Stand ard Oil company, . through its own pipe . lines, ' transported the oil for eight cents a barrel. , COMPONENT PARTS List of Corporations and Partnerships pany of New Jersey and Which Will Be Compelled to Resume ' Business as Independent Concerns If United States Wins Its Case.4 -.'"' ' '' -v Where Capltaliza Name. . organized. . . ' tion. Acme Oil company New York $ 300,000 American Lubricating Oil company .....New York........ 100,000 Anglo-American Oil company (Limited) England 1,000,000 Argand Refining company Ohio Not known Atlantic Refining company.. Pennsylvania .... 5,000,000 Baltimore United Oil company.. Maryland ' 600,000 Borne Scrymser-company New . Jersey 200,000 Buckeye Pipe Line company . Ohio 10,000,000 Buffalo Natural Gas Fuel company.. New York..:..... 350,000 Bush-& Denslow Manufacturing company New York 200,000 Camden Consolidated Oil company. ... r. West Virginia..... . 200,000 Chesebrough Manufacturing- company, cons't'd. New York 500,000 Colonial Oil company .New Jersey.."...'.. 250,000 Commercial- Natural Gas company ........... Pennsylvania .. . .' 100,000 Connecting Gas company. ................... Ohio ............ 500,000 Continental Oil company. .................... Iowa ..... ..... 300,000 Crescent Pipe Line company. ................ Pennsylvania 1,000,000 Cumberland Pipe Line company .....Kentucky l,uuo,uuu Eastern Ohio Oil and Gas company ....Ohio 5,000 Eclipse Lubricating Oil-company, ............ Pennsylvania ....Not known Eureka Pipe Line company . .7 . .. . West Virginia..... 5,000,000 Florence Oil and Refinmg company. 7. Colorado ......... - 500,000 Franklin Pipe company (Limited) ............ Pennsylvania ..... . 50,000 Galena Signal Oil company.. .......Pennsylvania- 10,000,000 Indiana Pipe Line company... Indiana -. . 1,000,000 Lawrence Natural Gas company Pennsylvania ..... 1,000,000 Mahoning Gas Fuel company. Ohio . .. ....... 300,000 Manhattan Oil company -. Ohio ..... .... 500,000 Mountain State Gas company."-. West Virginia.... 00,000 National Fuel Gas, company New Jersey 2,500,000 National Transit company ................. Pennsylvania .... 25,455.200 New York Transit company. ................. New Ycrk.-.-j... . 5,000,000, Northern Pipe Line company. ................ Pennsylvania ..... ' 1,000,000 Northwestern Ohio Natural Gas company Ohio ' 2,775,250 Ohio Oil company.. Ohio . 2,000,000 Oil City Fuel Supply company. ............. ..Pennsylvania ..... 2,000,000 Oswego Manufacturing company. ......... . New York ..... 100,000 Pennsylvania Gas company .Pennsylvania ..... 2,000,000 Pennsylvania Oil company ............ .'..Pennsylvania ..... 80,000 People's Natural 'Gas company '. Pennsylvania ..... 1,000,000 Pittsburg Natural Gas company ..Pennsylvania -. . -. ' 350,000 Piatt and Washburn Refining company . New Jersey....... 14,000 Prairie Oil and Gas company , ...Kansas .......... . 2,500,000 Republic Oil company. ... ...New York....;... . 350,000 Salamanca Gas company..........,...; New . York. ...... . 30,000 Security Oil. company. ; ; Texas .. ...... 3,000,000 Solar Refining company '......-Ohio 500,000 Southern Pipe Line company Pennsylvania 5,000,000 South Penn Oil company....... ...-Pennsylvania ..... 2,500,000 Southwest Pennsylvania Pipe Lines company. . Pennsylvania "3,500,000 Standard Oil company of California. ......... .California 6,000,000 Standard Oil company of Indiana .-Indiana .......... 1,000,000 Standard Oil company of Iowa........ ..Iowa 1 ,000,000 Standard Oil company of Kansas. ............ Kansas ' 100,000 Standard Oil company of Kentucky Kentucky 1,000,000 Standard Oil company of Minnesota. ......... Minnesota 100,000 Standard Oil company of Nebraska Nebraska ........ 1,000,000 Standard Oil company of New York.. New York 15,000,000 Standard Oil company of Ohio -Ohio 3,500,000 Swan & Finch company ... New York........ 100,000 Taylorstown Natural Gas company...... Pennsylvania' " - 10,000 Tide Water Pipe company (Limited).., Pennsylvania ..... "625000 Tide Water Oil company New Jersey.. .. 5,000,000 Union Tank Line company -New Jersey i". 3,500,000 United Natural Gas company Pennsylvania 1,000,000 United Oil company::.. -Colorado '. .- ... 3.000,000 Vacuum Oil company New York 2.500,000 Washington Oil company. .7". ..... .. 1.-.. Pennsylvania ..... 100,000 Waters-Pierce Oil company.. - Missouri 400,000 - New Egypt Arising. A progressive Arab of Cairo Is sinking wells and installing Irrigation pumps at the foot df . the pyramid -of Cheops, and the Sphinx, after .gazing thousands of years on sand wastes, soon will be looking out on, .green fields. This !s one of the many dem onstrations of the change from the old to the new Egypt. We should choose for a wife only such, a woman as we should choose for a friend were she a man. It is alleged that the defendants, ' through the . Standard Oil company and the other corporations, are en gaged in producing, purchasing and transporting petroleum in the various producing districts in the - United States, principally situated in New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Indian Territory. Ok lahoma, Louisiana,' Texas, Colorado and California; that they own and con trol ""nearly all of the pipe lines in said states, and other pipe lines ex tending from Kansas to the seaboard; also pipe lines in Texas and In Cal ifornia; that they own a large num ber of tank cars and steamships en gaged In transporting oil; and that the said defendants have, through the in strumentality of the Standard Oil com pany of New Jersey (a holding corpor ation), eliminated competition between all of the separate corporations - and monopolized the commerce in oil in the United States. r Control the Pipe Lines. It is alleged that the Standard Oil, company has had .control of the carry ing business by pipe lines in and from ajl the oil producing regions of the United -States except Texas, Louisiana and California; that they charged ex cessive and unreasonable rates, and rates which were discriminatory in favor of the Standard Oil company; that they have refused to lunrish equal facilities for receiving and de livering oil of independent shippers and refiners; that they have refused to transport oil belonging to others than the defendants and their associa ted companies, and since the month of August, 1906, have refused to transport oil of others except in such large quan tities as. to completely prevent, inde pendent producers and refiners of oil from using their service, and that they have forced 16 independent refiners now- doing business in Pennsylvania and Ohio, and producing their crude oil through the Standard Oil com pany's pipe lines, to sell all of their export oil to the Standard Oil com pany, thereby eliminating their com petition. This contract was procured through threats -of the Standard Oil company to reduce the amount of crude oil which it would sell to the independent refiners. - . Enjoy Preferential Rates. It is alleged that one of the prin cipal instrumentalities through which the defendants' have been enabled to monopolize the commerce in petro leum and its products throughout the United States has been a system of preferential rates, and rates discrimi- OF HUGE OIL TRUST. Controlled by Standard OH' Com Different Then. . . Husband It's strange that I can never find anything about the. house that belongs to me without your assist ance. - - . , Wife How did yon manage before we were married, dear? - Husband Oh, things stayed where I put them theo. Chicago Daily News. A maa may not have much faith In doctor?, up to the time when the first baby arrives In his house. After that ha regards them with awe. . natory against the competitors of the Standard Oil company, both in open and - published tariffs and by and through secret and unpublished rates, both interstate and intrastate, and by rebates, concessions, -and preferences granted to the Standard Oil company and its subsidiary corporations. The bill goes into the details of many of these rates, and shows a sys tematic discrimination, substantially all- over the United States, so that rates from Standard shipping points are much lower, for the same distance proportionately and per ton per mile, than - from . shipping points of inde pendent . competing concerns. . These differences in most instances amount to more than, a reasonable profit upon the oil. -- . Some Sample Discriminations. The " regular published rate from Whiting, Ind., to Evansville, Ind., through Illinois, for instance, was 11 cents per- hundred pounds.. Most of the oil shipped by the Standard com pany was shipped at 8- cents and 6 cents per hundred , pounds." The Standard had a rate from Whiting, Ind., to Grand Junction, Tenn, of 13 cents per hundred pounds, and large quantities of oil were distributed from Grand Junction all over this southern territory on secret rates' which never were published, as required by law. on filed with tne 'interstate commerce commission. . ' "The petition "alleges that for about ten years prior to 1905 secret and un published - rates were made from Whiting, Ind., to East. SL Louis, of 6," 64 and 6 cents on the various rail roads, which oil was destined to St. Louis and to 'a large territory south and southwest- of those points, while the regular published : rate was 18 cents per hundred pounds. How They Control Railroads. It is alleged that the individual de fendants and other individuals associa ted with them and interested with them in the Standard Oil trust have acquired large interests in the stocks of the principal railroads of the United States and have caused them selves to be elected or have caused other persons acting in their interest to be elected as members of the boards ofr directors of such railroads. By rea son of such ownership and representa tion on the boards of directors of such railroads the individual defend ants have influenced the railroads to establish and maintain the discrimina tory rates: . . ' Among the railroads in which the defendants are interested and upon the boards of directors of which they have representation (together with the names of directors) are the fol lowing: William Rockefeller Central - New England; CMcago, Milwaukee .& St. Paul;. Delaware,: Lackawanna and Western; Lake Shore and Michigan Southern ;- Michigan Central ; New York Central ; t New York, Chicago and St. Louis; New York, New Haven and Hartford; New York, Ontario and '. Western; New York and Ottawa; Pittsburg and Lake Erie; Rutland. . Henry H. Rogers Santa Fe, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul; Union Pacific. Charles M. Pratt Boston and Maine, - Evansville and Terre Haute; Long - Island. - - . Henry M. Flagler Florida East Coast. John D. Rockefeller,-' Jr. Delaware, 1 Lackawanna and Western; Missouri Pacific. William G. Rockefeller Union Pacific. H. Clay Pierce Kansas City Southern, St. Louis and San Francisco. C. W. Harkness Chicago, Milwaukee and St- Paul F. T. Gates Missouri Pacific, Wiscon sin Central. ' . The petition then recites the Stand ard trust's monopoly of the sale of lubricating oils to railroads, its unfair methods of competition in the cutting of local prices, the formation of bogus Independent companies, the payment of rebates on oil prices, and the divis ion of territory." i . Tens' of Stupendous Profits. . It is alleged that by reason of Its monopoly the Standard Oil company has made enormous and unreasonable profits on the actual value of its prop erty; that the trustees valuation of all the property and stocks placed in their hands in 1882 was $55,710,698.24 The additional property purchased or acquired by the issue of trust certifi cates was $13,310,100, so that the total value of all property controlled by th Standard Oil company of New Jersey, except such as may, have been pur chased from earnings, is $69,020,798.24, according to their own -valuation. Upon this capital the " Standard has from 182 to 1895,' inclusive, paid $512,940,084.50 of dividends, and has created a large surplus the exact sur plus the. petitioner is unable to state, because the. Standard has not pub lished any statements since 1896. But from 1882 to 1896 its surplus, accord ing to its own statements, was $79, 536,025.14, and it is alleged that Its property at the present time exceeds the value of $200,000,000. - Its annual dividends during the last nine years have ran from 33 to 48 per cent per annum, in addition to this large sur plus. : As Interpreted. - Mayme George declared he would gladly go through fire and water for me. -- . Edyth That - means he will look after the furnace and keep your wash tubs filled after ' marriage. Chicago Daily News. Perhaps Put to Better Use. A church ta London still draws an income which was bequeathed It for the purpose of buying wood where with to burn heretics. - , INSOMNIA CURED Dr Williams' fink Fills Restorod Wrecked Nerves to Normal wo dition and Good Health Followed. TJn sufferer from sleeplessness too of ten resorts to habit-forming drugs ia. . order to secure the coveted rest. But sleen obtained bv the use of opiates iss not refreshing aud the benefit is but. temporary at best. - ' ' -, Mrs. H. A. Fletcher, of 69 Blodges street, Manchester, N- II-, is living evi . deuce of the truth of this statement.. - She says: "I received a shock or an. apoplectic character. ; It was .so severe- that the sight of my right eye -was af fected, causing lue to see objects double. I -was couhued to my uert about iour weeks, at one time being told by the doc tor that I could not get -well-. When I. could leave my bed I was in such a uer- vons state tunc 1 could not sleepat mgnt. I wonld get up and sit on a chair until, completely tired out and then go back to bed and sleep from exhaustion. I had been under the doctor's care for six weeks when, my sister, Mrs. . Lnveland. of Everett. tersnaded me to try Dr. Williams Pink Pills for Pale People. I began taking the pills with the result that I Boon experienced relief. , One night booh after taking them I lay awake only a short time and the next. night I rested -well. rTom. that time J. slept well every night and soon got well, aud stronjr. I have recommended Dr. Williams' liuk Pills a number of times, . and my niece has taken" them for weak nerves and poor blood and found them, vfery beneficial." - . Dr. Williams Pink Pills have cured., many severe nervous troubles, headache, of the blood such as anaemia, rheumatism , pale and sallow complexions and many forms of weakness. All drncrirists sell. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, or fiiiey -will be- sent by mail postpaid, on receipt or price, 50 cents per box, six boxes for $2.50, by the Dr. Williams Medicine Company,. Schenectady, i. X. , His Monument. There has been set in a cemetery In Orwell, Oswego county, N. Y., as the memorial of a lumberman, framed of granite and marble, the exact ' re production in miniature of a sawmill in the town of Redfield, which was. owned by the deceased. . On the scale of an inch to the foot,, the mill is complete in every detail,, being provided with saws, carriages,, rollers to carry off the sawed lumber., skids with three logs placed thereon, ready to roll on the carriage car which is loaded with lumber. So one man has escaped from the conventional angel with outspread wings, the recumbent sheep, and all. the rest. Springfield Republican. -7 Fine Wireless Station. A Berlin writer stats that a wire less signal station is now in course of erection at Nofddeich for the Ger man government postal authorities., which will have an effective radius-' of 932 miles, equal to the distance from Naples to St, Petersburg. The station consists of four iron towers,. ma ieei nigu. (fOQQ S1GEI UEADAGUE Positively cured by .. w -. -1 n:n IJW8Q AilbllV ruu Thev also reUere Dis tress from Dyspepsia. In digestion and Too Hearty Eating. A. penecc rem edy for Dizziness, Kansea, Drowsiness, Bad Tasto in , the Month, Coated Tongue, Pain In the Side. TORPID IXVEB. They regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable. SMALL PILL SMALL DOSE. SMALL PRICE. Genuine Must Bear ' V Fac-Simila Signature . REFUSE SUBSTITUTES. CARTERS rarrn.E jflVER I j PILLS. He Knows the kind of re r- 'u Oiled Clothini that stands trie hardest service Made .for ell kinds of wet work or sporty SOLD EVERYWHERE cinnrv for Clears Ht so Good. P:tE,WIS Peoria. Ill" 1 -m CARTFRS rCrhTTLE IVER fwraMss4 I 1 ' nr ? "