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yoUNGER GENERATION SEEK NEW HOMES IN WESTERN KANSAS. irheir Fathers Came to Kansas in the ! Early Days, Conquered the Wil derness and Became Well-to-Do Sons Will Go and Dd Likewise. Syracuse, Kansas, November 19. Fifty or more Mennonite families, from Marion County, lately have com to Hamilton County, on the Santa Fe, and preempted homesteads. They are established in all parts of the county, but the most of them have their farms on the upland, adjacent to Bear. Creek valley, in the Southeastern part. They are well established, as Men nonites always begin, with comfort able, although not pretentious, habita tions, and their stock is equally well sheltered. They are young married people just beginning life, and they have come to thi3 region, because the Government, by its homestead law, invited them to take free homes in the public do main. They are of the second generation, some of them perhaps the third, of a race of German Russians, wh'o were brought to this country by the Atchi son, Topeka' & Santa Fe Railway Company in 1874 and 1875. About that time there was a great exodus of the Czar's German subjects out of Russia Mennonites, Lutherans and Catholics and the tide was set to ward Western America. The United States public domain and the railroad land grants especially were inviting. Kansas received a vast army of these Immigrants, and for two years they were on the move across the Missouri river. They temporarily camped at Topeka and other land offices and land grant towns. For many months these towns, until the newcomers were lo cated on homesteads, abounded with sheepskin coats, roomy trousers, flow ing petticoats and cooking utensils pe culiarly Russian. i Finally they chose their homes, and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, with its usual good luck, got the most of them. The Lutherans and the Cath olics chose adjoining counties in the (upper valleys of the Smoky, and the Mennonites, who outnumbered the others about four to one, followed the old Santa Fe Trail, and took lands in the valleys of the Cottonwood and the Arkansas, in the counties of Marion, McPherson, Harvey, Reno and Bar ton. They began with sod houses, but soon they substituted wood, brick, or stone, and now by thrift and good farming, they have become among the first citizens of the communities in which they live, and, besides farming, do much of the banking, merchandiz ing and milling. These people brought with them seed for gardens and field, especially wheat seed, and by it they wrought complete change in the wheat crop. They also brought the mulberry tree and the silk worm, expecting to Introduce here silk culture, as they had learned it in Russia. But the silk worm in Kansas has been a fail ure, and for the present at least has been abandoned. The mulberry tree, however, has come to stay, and from the original Mennonite settlements it has spread all over the Southwest, making shelter and food for birds, shade for children, and firewood for the family.. In addition they brought from Rus sia their religion, and in the genera tion cr more that has elapsed, they have not departed from It one jot or tittle, they, nor their children, nor their children's children. Never has a more God-fearing and industrious people come to Kansas to make duti ful and thrifty citizens. And now, a younger generation of these excellent people have departed from the homes of their immediate fa thers and moved westward to a new Incapacitated. As the "extra hand" rose from his dinner in the farm kitchen the farm er's son informed him that he was to pitch hay in the afternoon. "I won't do it," was his curt reply. "All ' right, please yourself. It doesn't make any difference to me," retorted the farmer's son. "My father told, me to deliver the message, and if you don't pitch you'll get Into trouble with him." "I won't do it for either you or your father!" rejoined the man. "You should ha' told me sooner. At din ner time I filled myself for raking, and I can't pitch." Youth's Compan ion. An Ancient Invitation. "Come, Let Us Eat the Father's Soup Together," is a form of Invita tion still used in eastern countries. According to tradition the forbidden tree from which our first ancestor ate was the corn-plant, and when he was expelled from Paradise the angel Gabriel supplied him with food. Adam not being instructed in the art of bread-making, boiled the coca and made a soup of it. Sugar from Sweet Corn States. Prof. H. W. Wiley, of the "depart ment of agriculture, believes that the stalks of sweet corn might be made to yield sugar of the best quality. They contain much mere sugar than those of the common field corn, and the' sugar content is at its maximum at the time when the ears are pulled. Sugar, of 'course, is readily converted into alcohol, and. Inasmuch. -as each 100 pounds or stalks will yield 64 pounds of absolute alcohol, it is easily seen what a good thing the .farmer has been allowing to go to waste. and a' comparatively untried region, which, they, taught by and following the methods of their fathers, will make productive and habitable. Al ready, they have harvested crops of milo maize, kaffir and sorghum, and next they will harvest their first crop of wheat, which always is the big crop for these Russians. It was their big crop in Russia, and so it Is in America. They will also plant al falfa, orchards, broom corn, small fields of Indian corn, and the inev itable garden patch. Except the gar den stuff and the fruit trees, all will grow without artificial irrigation. For the garden and the orchard, it is only 20 or 30 feet to water, , and a wind mill or two will do the rest. The writer of this has seen grown on the upland, by Will and Robert Austin, 17 miles south of Syracuse, this season, wheat that will thresh out thirty bushels to the acre and Indian corn that will shuck forty. The same land grows all the other cereals in abundance. Carl Kaesler, on the farm adjoining, has a garden patch, watered by two windmills, which produced, in great abundance this year, cabbage, toma toes, sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, parsnips, carrots, gherkins, beans, cauliflower, peanuts, pumpkins, squash, watermelons, .canteloupes, and so on to the end of the garden king dom. In this garden, a square of one tenth of an acre produced forty bush els of Irish potatoes. The same soil, properly cultivated, would produce celery. The orchards bore apples, peaches, cherries, etc., and surround ing the house is a thrifty growth of locust, box elder, and other trees pe culiar to the altitude, where 1,200 or 1,500 hens find shelter. The Austin boys began eight years ago with $280 cash and two home stead quarters. Since then they have bought four more quarters, and it all is under cultivation, or in pas ture. They have good houses and fine stone barns and sheds for their stock, and besides hundreds of chickens, tur keys, geese and ducks, they have 170 head of steers and yearlings, 30 pigs, 17 horses, and so on. Mr. Kaesler has eight quarters, which he has accu mulated in ten years, similarly cul tivated, Improved and stocked. Late ly he has made chickens a mainstay, selling the eggs only, and they yield him a revenue of from $12 to $18 a week. He is connected with town, as are his neighbors, by telephone, and when dealers or other customers want eggs they "call him up." The Austin boys and Mr. Keasler are not alone in prosperity here; "their neighbors are doing equally well. Their post office is Syracuse. Homesteaders, following the exam ple of the Russians, are fast taking up the public domain of this (Dodge City) land district. July 1, 1906, there were 415,208 acres, subject to sale or homestead entry, in the dis trict, distributed by counties as fol lows: Barber 8.VX Clark j. 10.000 Comanche ......... 241 Kiowa .......... 720 Edwards 1.000 Finney 13.810 Grant 10,1 fiO Greeley 6.578 Hamilton 74,653 Haskell 4,600 Kearney 20,436 Lane . 6,910 Meade 1,720 Morton 135,032 Seward 44,321 Stanton 58,177 Stevens 19,810 Total I415720I The lands in Barber, Clark, Coman che and Kiowa are in small tracts and rough, and may be bought for cash. In the other counties the public domain is subject to homestead entry only. In the districts, besides the public domain, are 132,894 acres of forest reserve. Homesteaders are taking the pub lic domain at the rate of about 5,000 acres a day. Where there is no home stead land good quarters are selling from $4 to $6 an acre. It is quite evi dent that a goodly proportion of home seekers, coming west on the popular semi-monthly land excursions, have found the country to their liking. As a colonizer of western Kansas the Santa Fe is a success. Jew Writer of Humor. Sholem Alekihim, a Russian writer who . has just arrived in this country, is regarded as somewhat of a liter ary anomaly among authors of the Hebrew race hailing from the czar's domain, being a humorist. His real name is Sholem Rabinovitz and he lived in Kief when the anti-Jewish riots took place there. After a long time in hiding he reached a seaport, where he eventually managed to take ship for this country. He was edu cated for a rabbi, but bis humorous turn was too strong and he took to lit erature. Anti-Germ 'Phones. In an English telephone the con struction Is such that the mouthpiece is omitted altogether, thus obviating the possibility of transmitting dis ease. The receiving and transmit ting apparatus is combined in a small metal case, which is held continu ously to the ear both In speaking and listening. This instrument is so deli cate that It is not necessary to con centrate the sound waves, on it by speaking with the mouth close to the receiving diphragm. Porter Had Change. Chevrolet, the automobillst, was talking of American railways. "They are superb," he said. "Abroad we have nothing like them. But the ex pense! On my way down to Florida I said to the porter as the time drew near for us to part: 'Porter, you have been very attentive and I want to give you something, but I have no change.' Then I took out a $20 bill from my wallet. 'Certainly, sir,' the porter answered, pulling out a lance roll of money. "How will you have if, sir? In fives r " Latest Kansas Events. Old Soldiers Talk of Legislation. The old soldiers of Lawrence are anxious about the legislation they will get this winter. It has been de cided to ask the legislature to pass laws to strengthen and make manda tory the veterans' preference law; to make a general soldiers and sailors' relief law, making relief more gener ous, dignified and patriotic; to ex smpt the homesteads of all honorably discharged soldiers and sailors, and of their widows to the value of $1,000 from taxation; to give to all members In good standing in the G. A. R. one half the fare of regular passenger rates in Kansas; to make the desecration of Memorial day. May 30, by carnival, cir cus, or other hilarious amusements or displays or ball games, horse rac ing or other sporting entertainments a misdemeanor, punishable by" fine and imprisonment; to enact a law providing for the erection of a state soldiers' and sailors' monument; to make suitable apropriations for the maintenance and enlargement of the state soldiers' and Sailors Home at Fort Dodge, Kan., and the Mother Bickerdyke annex. Out of the Livery Business. Herbert Loom is of Stockton, has sold the telephone exchange at that place and purchased a thirty horse-power Cadillac and will go into the auto livery business. This makes two autos at Stockton engaged exclusively in the livery business. They are very successful and with another machine would about put the liverymen out of business so far as traveling men are concerned. They make two trips to a neighboring town while the livery men are making one. One of the ma chines recently made the trip from Stockton to Plainville, up grades, in 55 minutes. Tried by Court Martial. E. G. Moore, a member of a Topeka post of the G. A. R., is on trial be fore a court martial for slandering P. H. Coney, commander of the Kansas department of the organization. Moore and Coney have been enemies for a number of years and the quarrel was conducted in the open this summer when Coney was a candidate for com mander of the national department of the G. A. R. Moore is said to have attacked Coney In circulars issued dur ing the meeting of the national en campment. This Is the first court martial ever held by the Kansas G. A. R. Marshall County's Corn Crop. The average corn yield in Marshall county this year is 40 bushels to the acre. The highest yield yet reported is 55 bushels and the lowest is 33. Assessor's return at the county clerk's office show that 204,155 acres of Mar shall county land were planted in corn this year, which will make the yield for the county 8,166,200 bushels. This Is worth $2,449,860 at the present price of 30 cents a bushel. McDonald Held Without Bail. D. D. McDonald, charged with the murder of John Walkenbach was given his hearing in the city court at Leav enworth and bound over to the De cember term of the district court. He will be held without bail. McDonald Is the Kansas City contractor who shot and killed John Walkenbach of Leavenworth after a quarrel over money matters. Gets "Conscience" Money. County Treasurer W. A. Pierson, of Coffey county has received a contribu tion to the county's conscience fund in the shape of two five dollar bills wrapped in a piece of letter paper bearing only the words "Back Taxes Conscience." This was enclosed In a blank envelope and that enclosed in another envalope and mailed at Santa Barbara, CaL Dynamited a "Joint",Building. A building Just outside the corpor ate limits of Conway Springs, which has been run for several years as a Joint and gambling house, was blown up with dynamite. The building was empty at the time. An injunction against its use as a place for sale of Intoxicants was recently granted by the district court. Killed While Huntfhg . Rabbits. William Clutter, a resident of Bridge port, died as the result of a gunshot wound received while hunting. Clut ter, with three companions, was hunt ing rabbits, when Clarence Peck, one of the men, fefl and his gun was dis charged, the bullet entering Clutter's abdomen. The Twentieth Gas Wei!. The Good Speed Oil & Gas company of Kansas City brought in a three and one-half million gas well one mile southwest of Mound City. This makes the 20th well of that capacity drilled In that vicinity In the pact three years. Great Amusement Park. Kansas City is to have the greatest amusement park In the west. It will be a stock company and will be capi talized for $200,000. This amount will be expended in purchasing the ground and other preliminaries incident to getting the location In readiness for the concessions, which will be equal to any in the United States. The park, when completed, with all the amuse ment features incident to the up-to-date -carnival attraction, will probab ly reoresent a cost of $500,000. Getting the Standard's Record. Agents of the bureau of corporations are again in Kansas investigating the Standard Oil company and all its works. The work will be kept up un' til all the Kansas-Territory field has been thoroughly seined for informa tion. The present investigation i conducted by Max West, one of th special agents of the bureau. He hat been in Kansas City talking to the representatives of independent oil companies there; has been in Topeka to get a copy of the record of the case of the State of Kansas against the At chison, Topeka & Santa Fe railway company, filed two years ago, in which the relations between the Standard and the railroads in Kansas were de veloped, and is now talking to the producers and refiners in the southern part of Kansas, and from there will go to the territories. Must Clean Passenger Cars. The railroad companies generally throughout the state, and particularly the street railway companies and iu terurban lines are showing a disposi tion to comply with rules which have teen formulated by the state board of health, through its secretary. Dr. S. J. Crumbine, for the sanitary cleaning of passenger cars. Some of the rail road companies, however, do not seem to look with favor on a good many of the rules, and it is probable that if they continue to show no inclination to comply with them, a bill will be introduced ' at the coming session of the legislature which will compel the railroad companies to obey these rules. Bryan to Address Teachers. It is expected that William J. Bry an will make an address before the Kansas teachers at their annual meet ign at Topeka during the Christmas holidays. Insley L. Dayhoff, state superintendent, announced that ar rangements had been practically com pleted with Mr. Bryan to speak the evening of December 27. His sub ject will be "The Old World and Its Ways." The state teachers' associa tion will begin its sessions that day. Changes Among Newspapers. Ed. Martindale, former publisher of the Lawrence Gazette, and recently manager of the Kansas City Post, has purchased an interest in the Hiawatha Democrat and will be managing editor. Grant Harrington retains an interest in the Democrat, will give his atten tion to the Life and Annuity As sociation of Hiawatha, of which he is state organizer. C. L. Hobart, manag er of the Democrat for the past year has retired. Eleven Joint Injunctions. Eleven injunctions have been served In Washington county against the jointists and the owners of the build ings In which the joints are run. Eight injunctions were served . in Hanover, two in Greenleaf and one in Washing ton. The movement has been on foot for the last six weeks, backed by the State Temperance union, with J. K. Coddington and J. E. Tice as attor neys. A Ka'nsan Started It. H. A. Perkins, of Searchlight, Nev., who discovered that that town's $1,085 remittance to-the San Francisco re lief fund was unaccounted for and whose persistence in the matter led to the uncovering of vast frauds by Reuf and Schmitz, is an ex-Kansas editor. Years ago he published the Olathe Mirror and afterward for eight years he was editor of the Manhattan Na tionalist. Robbed Dentists of Gold. A burglar broke Into two dental of fices at Leavenworth, that of Dr. C. G. S. Nichols and that of Dr. B. E. Nelson. The burglar took about $350 worth of gold and bridge work at Dr. Nichol's office and $12 worth at Dr. Nelson's. Dr. Nelson was robbed a year ago. This is the fourth time in three years that dental offices here have been robbed. City Superintendents Meet. The first annual meeting of the As sociation of City School Superintend ents was held at Emporia. The asso ciation is confined to superintendents of cities of the first and second class and was formed in Emporia last June. Supt- L. D. Whittemore of Topeka is president and Supt. L. D. Lowther of Emporia Is secretary. To Make War on Crows. A petition is being circulated asking the Labette county commissioners to give a bounty of five cents for each crow killed. There are tens of thous ands of these pesky birds in Labette couunty, and there is no question that something should be done to get rid of them. y Work on Peabody Station Starts. Work has commenced at Peabody on a new Santa Fe depot. It la to .be of pressed brick with stone trimmings, tiled roof, hard maple floors, have hot and ccld water, be piped for gas and wired for electric lights. . The Kansas Nearly Complete. The new battleship Kansas Is prac tically completed and will be given her trial trip December. 7. The Kan sas is building at the yards of the New York Ship Building company at Camden, N J. Novemebr 1 the con structors reported to the navy depart ment that she had reached the 93.1 per cent stage of completion and that she would be finished by December 1. The course she will go over on hei trial trip has not been selected. The new ship will be fitted as a flagship. UNWRITTEN PAGE OF HISTORY. Incident Said to Have Caused Clay's Defeat for Presidency. An unwritten page In the history of American politics came to light at the city hall in Minneapolis when Mary Hunter, colored, 95 years old and a former slave, gave her version of the failure of Henry Clay to be elected to the presidency of the United States In 1832. She witnessed the famous banquet given by the state of North Carolina to Mr. Clay at Asheville. Hundreds of tables were spread under the trees, and no greater enthusiasm was ever evoked by a political event than was displayed there. Nearly all the prom inent men of the south were there, and the name of Henry Clay was on every tongue. His election seemed assured until a cloud of scandal crossed the hori zon. Clay, she said, fell In love with a beautiful octoroon, who had been freed by her master in North Carolina, The secret was exposed a few deys after the banquet, and for many weeks the magnificent girl was the object of all gossip in that part of the country. "My mother knew the girl well," said Mary Hunter, "and the talk start ed caused her to disappear. No one ever heard of her after that." In order to save the social standing of those who attended the great feast the matter was not spread broadcast, but leading politicians of both the south and north were asked to pre vent Henry Clay from ever occupying the presidential chair. How their work succeeded Is a mat ter of history in North Carolina, but when Clay was defeated the subject was dropped and no one cared to probe it further. Mary Hunter wnt to Minneapolis when the Sixth -and Seventh Minneso ta regiments returned at the close of the civil war. . She has worked nearly every day since she was seven years old and still earns her living- by hard day work. A short time ago she In jured her back, and for the first time in her life, she has asked 'for charity. "I must work or I will die," she told Edward Ekman, of the poor depart ment. "If I can get a little wood and something to eat for a few days I will be up and working like I always have done." Mary Hunter has been employed by several prominent families, who say she is wonderfully bright and active. Clock to Control Lights. Consul Albert Halstead of Birming ham reports that an automatic gas controller has been patented and is now on sale in England which may materially lessen the cost of public lighting in the municipalities of th9 United States if in practical operation it fulfills the claims of its owners. , The controller is said to be adapt able to any type of incandescent burn er, to fit any lamp and to be instan taneous In its lighting and extinguish ing. The mechanism consists of a clock which can be so set as to light the gas each night and extinguish it each morning, so as to make an auto matic variation of the time of lighting and extinguishing according to the calendar. In short, by means of a chart, the street lights are turned on and off, lighted and extinguished at a different moment each day through out the year, according to the season. This is an advantage, it is claimed, over any other controller now on the market, one adjustment a year being sufficient. It is claimed that the apparatus would require no attention except winding once a fortnight, and that ence set it would not have to be reset for a year. The gas can be turned on and off in the ordinary way. Sci entific American. Saved from the Flames. "If all the deeds of dog heroes came to light an account of them would fill many volumes," says Chums. "A gentleman who owned a pair of very fine horses possessed also a St. Bernard dog which was deeply at tached to the animals. One night Bruno, the dog, awakened the family by furious barking, and It was soon discovered that the stables were on fire. "The owner unlocked the door, dashed in, and at great personal risk released one of the frantic horses and led it out. He then found that it was impossible to return for the other, ow ing to the violence of the flames. At that moment he was astonished to see his dog appear leading the horse, the end of the halter rope dangling be tween his teeth. "Investigation showed that the St, Bernard had actually bitten the rope through in order to save one of its friends from so horrible a death." As Compared. - "Speaking of happiness," said the homegrown philosopher, "a bachelor with $50,000 Isn't as happy as a poor married man with seven marriageable daughters." "Why not?" -queried the youth. "Because," explained the philosophy dispenser, "the lormer wants more than he has, while the latter has more than he wants."- The Duet. Tippler at club) Doesn't the still small voice Teproach. you when you tell your wife a lie about being at the onlce? Rounder Yes, but it's a choice be tween the still, small voice and a loud, big one. Boston Transcript. Consolation. 'Mr. Hus3el The doctor says If I don't take a little rest and not work so hard I'll be dead la a year. Mrs. Buasel What a consolation it must be to you to know that your life's Insured, - CniSIS OF GIRLHOOD A TIME OF PAIN AND PERIL' Miss Emma Cola Says that Lydia BL ' Pink-ham's Vegetable Compound has Saved Her Life and Made Her Well. How many lives of beautiful young girls have been sacrificed just as they were ripening into womanhood 1 How many irregularities or displacements have been developed at this important period, resulting' in years of suffering I A mother should come to her child's aid at this critical time and remember that Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound will prepare the system for the coming change and start this try. ing period in a young girl's life without pain or irregularities. Miss Emma Cole of Tullahoma, Term., writes : Dear Mrs. Plnkhami " I want to tell you that I am enjoying bes ter health than I have for years, and I owl it all to Lydia E. Pinkham's vegetable Com pound. " When fourteen years of age I suffered at most constant pain, and for two or three years I had soreness and pain in my side, headaches and was dizzy and nervous, and doctors all failed to help me. " Lydia E. Pinkham's Veee table Compound was recommended, and after taking it my health began to improve rapidly, and I think it saved my life. I sincerely hope my experi ence will be a help toother girls who are pass ing from girlhood to womanhood, for I know your Compound will do as much for them." If you know of any young- girl who is sick and needs motherly advice ask her to write Mrs. Pinkham, Lynn, Mass., and she will receive free advice which will put her on the right road to a strong, healthy and happy womanhood. Mrs. Pinkham is daughter-in-law of Lydia E. Pinkham and for twenty-five years has been advising sick women free of charge. Schools Teach Card Playing. Card playing has become so general among German women of the upper classes that regular lessons in play ing are now given in fashionable boarding schools for girls. The Scotsman's Diet. For centuries the chief diet of the Scotch people has been oats in some form or other. As a result they are to-day the strongest, both mentally and physically, of any nation in the world. The best rolled oats made Is Quaker Oats, and our readers can now get a large family package for 25c, and with each package, free, a beauti ful piece of imported china. Ask your grocer to-day for a family package of Quaker Oats. Cactus as a Timepiece. Mexico has a cactus which grows toothpicks, another, ribbed and thick ly set with teethlike spines, which furnishes the natives with combs; there is another cactus, the long, curved spines of which resemble fish hooks; there is another which is an almost perfect imitation of the sea urchin; still another resembling a porcupine; there is another covered with long, red hair, which is nick named the red-headed cactus. There are several varieties which, serve as timepieces. One of these, the Cereus nycficalns, opens Its blos soms at seven o'clock in the evening and closes them at seven o'clock In the morning; another opens at eight o'clock and closes at eight o'clock the next morning; another opens at nine o'clock In the morning and closes at noon. RHEUMATISM STAYS CURED Mrs. Cota, Confined to Bed and la Constant Pain, Cured by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. Rheumatism can be inherited and that fact proves it to be a disease of the blood. It in necessary, therefore, to treat it through the blood if a permanent cure is expected. External applications may give temporary relief from paiu but as long as the poisotions acid is iu the blood the pain will return, perhaps iu a new place, but it will surely return. Dr. Wil liams' Piuk Pills cure rheumatism be cause they go directly to the seat of the disorder, purifyiug aud eurichiug the blood. Mrs. Henry Cota, of West Cheshire, Conu., is the wife of the village nis chiuist. "Several years ago," she says, "I was laid up with rheumatism in my feet, ankles aud knees. I was in con stant paiu aud sometimes the affected) parts would swell so badly that I could not get about at all to attend to my household duties. There was one period of three weeks during which I was con fined to the bed. My sufferings were awful aud the doctor's medicine did not help me. One day a neighbor told me about Dr. Williams' Pink Pills and I decided to try them. After I had takeu them a short time I was decidedly better and a few. more boxes cured me. What is better, the cure was permanent." Remember Dr. Williams' Piuk Pills dd not act ou the bowels. They make new blood and restore shattered nerves. They touo up theKtomncu and restore impaired digestion, bring healthful, refreshing sleep, givestreiigth to the weak and make miserable, complaining people strong, hntigry and energetic They are ld by all druggists, or will be seut notpid, oi receipt of price, 50 cent r box. sis, boxes $2.50, by the Dr. Williams Medi cine Co-, Schenectady, N.Y.