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Pittsburg, Pa. According to the statement of the - prisoners and -guards, murderers row, in the Al legheny county jail in this city is' said o be haunted, and the fear of the sup posed ghosts has so worked upon the -nerves of the condemned prisoners --that the cells of the entire row have teen vacated and the prisoners re- moved to another section of the jail. The ghost of W. A. Culp, who killed himself in his cell some time ago while awaiting trial for the murder of hlB brother, is held directly responsi ble for the orders issued by Warden Edward Lewis transferring the 14 men occupying cells in murderer's row. Culp's ghost was haunting them, they declared. "It" had come back, they said,-visiting cell after cell along the tier set apart for murderers, re hearsing the murder of Culp's brother and omitting none of its ghastly de tails. This happened night after night following Culp's suicide, and always between 12 and 1 o'clock in the morn ing. Screams of terror from the fourth -tier of cells on the south side of the -old part of the jail, where murderer's -row was situated, aroused the guards and all the prisoners, says the N. T. "World. Lights were turned on and a search made for the ghostly visitor, T)ut of course "it" was never found. An hour or two always elapsed before -the terrified prisoners could be calmed down and silence reigned once more throughout the big county jail. Prisoner's Ghost Visits Cell. Only one prisoner, a . condemned murderer occupying the cell adjoining the one in which Culp committed sui cide, a man who is to be executed in October, saw the Culp ghost on the first night it came back. That was on the night following the one on which the suicide was committed. The con demned wretch, who had ben convict ed of a most cowardly crime, screamed for help and when . the guards entered his cell a few moments later they found him cowering in a corner and shaking like a leaf. He had seen Culp, he said. Culp or Culp's ghost had come into his cell and after awakening him had started to rehearse the murder of his brother. "You have been dreaming, that's all,"" said one of the deputy wardens, reassuringly. "Don't you know that Culp is dead and buried and even if he were alive it would be impossible for him to have been in your cell? Be sides, there are no such - things as ghosts. Tou have been having a bad dream, so just lie down and go to sleep and don't be arousing the whole jail like this in the middle of the night" But the next night Culp's ghost came back again. At least, three con demned criminals confined in cells along murderer's row declared that they saw "it" distinctly. When exam ined by the warden they all gave the same description of the ghost, the di rection from which it came, and its ..antics in front of cells along murder ers' row. This went on for several nights, al though extra" guards were placed along the fourth- tier. The guards them selves declared that they saw nothing, but thia afforded little satisfaction to the prisoners, who were either too frightened to sleep or who were dis turbed by the screams of their next door neighbors. ' . Other Ghost Scares. Culp's ghost is not the only-one said to be-responsible for the haunting of the Allegheny county jail. For years the murderers row there has been gradually accumulating the reputation of being haunted. Did not Mike RuminiskL the profes sional strangler, strangle himself to death in his cell in a most ingenious manner-shortly before the date set for his execution, and did not he come back? That was during the time of Warden John McAleese. And did not the notorious Biddle A A) - a I W brothers, Jack and ' Ed, escape from their cells in murderers' row with the assistance of Mrs. Kate Soffel, wife of Warden Peter Soffel, only to be run down and shot to death near Butler, Pa., 48 hours later, and did not they comeback? That was during the time of Warden Soffel. And did not Hill and Douglass and many another poor wretch who went to death from murderers' row by the gallows route come back? There are many who stoutly main tain that they did, and that they haunted their old cells and terrified their occupants for many nights. Another mysterious happening that contributed to' the spooky reputation of murderers' row was not explained away until it had been going on for weeks. At nine o'clock every night it has been customary to switch the electric lights from one dynamo to another. This necessitated the changing of a belt and occupied from five to ten seconds. During that time the entire jail was in total darkness, except for a few isolated gas jets In the front of fice, at the gate and in the main cor ridor. An Unearthly Shriek Was Heard. One night several years ago just be fore the lights had gone out as usual an unearthly shriek pierced the inky blackness of the big jail from some where in the neighborhood of murder ers' row. It was a long, moaning kind of shriek, such as no mortal could make, and it seemed to sweep and circle down the main corridor before dying away. Everybody who heard it deputy wardens, guards and prison ers alike felt the marrow freezing in his bones. An investigation was made immediately the lights had been turned on again, but no solution to the mystery, was found that night. The I prisoners were questioned, and, as might have been expected, all denied knowing anything about it. Men in cells on the fourth tier thought the noise, came from somewhere on the ground floor. Those on the ground floor thought it came from the roof." Next night when the lights were switched off at nine o'clock the same unearthly scream resounded through the building, and once more the result ant investigation came to naught. Warden Lewis was puzzled and he de termined to trace the noise to its source, so on the third night he - secretly- stationed guards in empty cells and along corridors, with insttructiona to make careful note of the direction from whence the yell came if it should be repeated. The yell was repeated without fail as soon as the jail was in darkness, but the worden's plan failed, for the guards had totally different ideas of where the sound came from. By the time the uncanny yell had been heard for "five nights in succes sion, with the mystery of its source as deep as- ever, many of the most su perstitious prisoners were on- the verge of nervous prostration. Nobody could ever tell them after that that the jail was not haunted. The warden was almost at his wys end, but' he tried one more scheme. He began, to transfer the prisoners, a few at a time, from cell to cell, and guards were instructed to watch each batch of transferred men very closely. In this way the noise was finally traced to a practical joker among the pris oners, who produced the . diabolical yell "with the aid of a hair comb and a newspaper. A piece of paper was folded across the comb and held as a mouthpiece at the small end of a meg aphone made by rolling the newspaper up into a cone. Everybody knows what a fearful noise can be made by pressing the lips against a paper-covered comb and blowing hard. - With the megaphone added the noise was greatly magnified, and it made a noise calculated to give anybody cold chills in the pitchy darkness of a big prison. With the detection of the culprit the noises ceased; bnt the Jail's reputation for being haunted spread amazingly, even beyond the granite walls of the prison, and still clings to.lt - The Case of Ruminski. .Mike Ruminski was one of the shrewdest prisoners ever placed in murderers' row. On the morning he was sentenced to death for strangling his wife, pouring - kerosene over the body and setting fire to the house, he declared that the sheriff would never get a chance to hang him. The evi dence produced against Ruminski at his trial tended to show that he was a professional strangler and robber. Several months before he killed his wife be had strangled his own baby to death, but this was not known until the authorities made an investigation following the death of his wife. On account of the threat of the con demned man that he would cheat the gallows, an extra close watch was kept on him in his cell, a guard being sta tioned outside the door day and night to prevent him from taking his own life. - . One night Ruminski went to bed as usual. The light outside his cell door shone directly on the" cot .and the guard outside could see him - quite plainly. But Ruminski, while pretend ing to be asleep, reached down with his right hand between the edge of his iron cot and the wall and untied one of the thin cord laces fastened across the framework of his cot and support ing the mattress. Still working with one hand, he twisted the short length of cord,, tied it and slipped it over his head and around his neck. The handle of a tin cup, which he managed to get possession of, was passed through the loop, and then Ruminski carefully and quietly proceeded to choke himself fto death. So cautiously did he kill him self that the guard outside the door, although keeping one eye on Ruminski all the time, imagined that the con demned man was sound asleep. When Ruminski had choked himself until he lost consciousness," his hand released the handle of the tin cup. It may be supposed that the tin handle would spin around a few times and fly from the loop and that the cord, being released, would enable Ruminski to breathe again. But the crafty strangler had anticipated that very thing and had made provision to guard against his plans being thwarted in that way. The handle of the tin cup had been straightened out and then hooked at the end in such a way that the mo ment Ruminski's hand released it it caught in the collar of his shirt and he'd fast. Ruminski had been dead several hours when the guard attempt ed to arouse him next morning. Then a few hours after the strang- 1 ZUXJ&yD j5S2DZ. JCT J312DZ. -. lers body had been removed to the morgue it disappeared most mysteri ously and that night prisoners in mur derers' row declared that they saw Ruminski's ghost walking along the corridor and making ghastly faces at the occupants of the cells.- Several months later the murderer's body was found in a stable on 'Carson- street South side, and buried in potter's field. The ears and lingers had been re moved, presumably to be kept as sou venirs. ..."-, The Biddle Brothers. The two Biddle brothers did not die in murderers row, but other prisoners confined there have often declared that they saw their ghosts on many nights since the two young despera does broke jail and fled with the war den's wife, only to be run "down and killed a few hours later. The sensa tional case of " the Biddie brothers is too well known and has been drama tized too much to need recalling to the memory of readers. It was merely one of many cases -which have served to give the Allegheny county jail a spooky reputation and to make the old murderers row no longer habitable. The nerves of" condemned prisoners cenpying cells there were resently wrought up to such a pitch by hearing the noise made by carpenters erecting the wooden gallows in the jail yard that Warden Lewis has ordered a steel scaffold which can be p.ut togettr al most noiselessly with the aid of a few screws and a wrench. FLYING MACHINE. Wandsworth" Man's Really Novel In vention. ' ' ' A remarkable contrivance of . bam boo and wire on four little wheels, with a man sitting hunched no over a steering wheel in the front, cuasted down West Hill, Wandsworth, stiortly after sunrise. --..' It was the working portion of Mr. A. V. Roe's flying machine, with which he hopes to carry-, oft a number of prizes that are still on offer to the first man to accomplish a flight in a steerable machine. Mr. Roe was the winner of the sec ond prize at the trial - of model aero planes at the Alexandra palace last spring, when his model covered, a flight of more than 100 feet "My full size machine," he said the other day, " is now all ready for a flight, but the difliculty is to find a suitable place. I do not mean to be-i gin by circling St. Paul's or anything sensational like that.- . If I can cover a mile a few feet from the ground and swerve, turn, drop and rise as I want to I shall be quite satisfied. "The full-sized machine is built on the same lines as the model that won at the Alexandra palace. It is on the superposed plane system, a small fore plane acting as steering rudder, with two large back planes. - "From tip to Up the machine meas ures 36 feet, and the fore -. and aft measurement is 20 feet Altogether the plane surface is 80 square feet and it will weigh, with myself -on board, 450 pounds. "It has been bul'.t almost entirely by myself, except for the engine, a Jap six-horse power motor, and the steering wheels. All the other metal work, including the four little pneu matic wheels, I made in my own ama teur way. Wheels, of course, are nec essary for carrying the - aeroplane along the ground In starting an ascent and in landing again. "The propellers, which are four bladed, will make about 1,600 revolu tions to the minute, giving me a speed of about 50 miles an hour. The driv er's seat is forward, and will be in closed in a cigar-shaped canvas shel ter. There are two brakes on the back wheels, and by pressing his feet on an iron plate just under the seat the driver can check the way of, the machine on the ground as quickly as a motor car can be stopped. T have been experimenting with a spring drive, but I have come to the conclusion, that a clutch" drive is bet ter." Daily News.: -. " Origin of Sedan Chair. Perhaps some- expert In the Siamese language will tell us what is its word for "sedan chair.! When -the King of Slant's ministers, protesting against his majesty's favor toward motoring, suggested recently that -"the royal se dan" chair was always at his disposal it is improbable that they used a word reminiscent of the French town. For It is from the scene of Napoleon III.'s collapse that, the sedaa chair takes its name, and perhaps remote posterity will suppose that - It had some connection with that event' But Sedan first produced these convey ances centuries ago, and they were seen in England in 1581. One used by James L's Buckingham provoked great popular outcry against the employ ment of men as beasts of burden. Sir S. Duncombe is credited with bavins introduced them to London in 1634. - Washington Gossip Interesting' Bits of News Picked Up Here and There at the National Capital QUENTIN HAS FUN WITH SNAKES IN WHITE HOUSE ttr ASHINGTON; Quentin Roosevelt caused emus to cnase up and iown the spinal-columns of Attorney 3eneral Bonaparte, Representative Hepburn, and ex-Representative Lac sy, of Iowa, the other day when he ap peared In the president's office with two Jive snakes coiled about him. . Quentin is somewhat impetuous, es pecially when on roller skates, and he skated into- the office of his father, who was having a conference with At torney General Bonaparte. As Quen tin approached, the snakes hissed and the attorney general side-stepped with great agility. President Roosevelt suggested to Quentin that he disap pear. Quentin . hastened into the cab inet room where Representative Hep burn and Mr. Lacey were waiting to see the president They thought the snakes were harmless wooden affairs and began to admire them. Then the larger snake began to wriggle and wrap itself around the arm of Quen tin and the distinguished Iowans in their terror made frantic efforts . to walk up the walls. Regaining their composure it oc curred to them that Quentin might be In danger, and that they snouM rush to the rescue, especially" when they EVERY street car In this country may be made a traveling postof fice before long. Such a plan is now under consideration by Second Assist ant Postmaster General McCleary, with the object of still further improv ing the mail service. Mr. McCleary's idea is that when a person writes a letter the sooner it is on its way the better it suits him. If mail facilities are still further im proved the man will write two let ters where he now writes one and the government will receive just that much more revenue. Postoffices on street cars, he believes, will place the writing public in close touch with the postal department and the conveni ence will add materially to the gov ernment's income. Tfie system has been tried on the line between Minneapolis and - St Paul and has proved successful. Every; car on that line is equipped with a ARMY OF CATERPILLARS IS DEVOURING FOLIAGE FOLIAGE on Washington's trees is being devoured wholesale by an army, of tussock caterpillars, the larvae of the tussock moth, and ap parently nothing can be done to check the ravages of those now doing the damage, though precautions can be taken against a repetition of the pest next year. Aiding and abetting the tussock caterpillars are the cohorts of the "fall web worms," which are by no means so numerous, but which, never theless, are doing an immense amount of. damage. . . , For many years the tussock cater pillar has been the most serious of the shade-tree pests in Philadelphia, New York, Brooklyn and Boston, but it was not until 1895 that ft appeared in Washington in sufficient numbers to be regarded as a menace to the foli age. In ' that year also the fall web worm was more abundant in this city than it had been since 1886. In 1901 the pests of both kinds again appeared in great numbers, and now there is another invasion, giving a period of six years between each great attack. Hitherto the chief check upon the insects has been the parasites . that come in great numbers in the same years that the caterpillars abound and destroy most of the multitude of eggs laid - by the pests. Destruction by NO MORE green consuls, are to "be sent abroad to represent Acferica I the plans of the state department which have" just been put in practice, realize expectations. Ever since the establishment of the consular service it has been customary to permit a newly appointed consul 30 days with pay before leaving America for his post " - saw tne larger snake, three feet long, gliding up ' the -' sleeve of the presi dent's son. . In the most gingerly man ner they took hold of the collar of the -boy's coat - and gently removed the garment taking, care to keep out of -range- of the snake. Disdaining rescue, Quentin seized his coat and while he toyed with the squirming reptiles skated outside, where a party of women visitors were thrown into hys terics at sight of the snakes. - Quentin brought three snakes from Oyster Bay with him. He found that he could not take care of them prop-, erly and turned thein over to an ani mal .fancier. , But Quentin got lone some without his snakes, and the fan cier loaned him a king snake and a smaller reptile. Quentin went to the executive offices to show his new -treasures to his father, who observed that the king snake was about to make a meal of the little one, and warned his son to be careful to pre vent such a calamity. Quentin finally left the White House to the great joy of. everybody there. His father remarked to a caller that Quentin's taste was inherited, for he not only liked snakes, but had scotch ed a few in his time. MAY USE STREET CARS TO IMPROVE POSTAL SERVICE mail box and the people patronize them liberally. The cars stop to re ceive a letter, the same as a passen ger. If the scheme works well where it has been tested, Mr. McCleary can't see why it will not work well on all street car lines. At first the system may be installed only, on the main street car lines of the various cities, but will be extended gradually to take in all the lines. .The cost of the Bervice is to be investigated. Officials at the depart ment are of the opinion the expense will not be great as the street car companies will no doubt furnish the necessary letter boxes and permit their conductors to handle the mail. In many citjes street cars are now used to transfer mail from one postal station to another and the postal au thorities believe the system for the collection of mail can be successfully developed. :" man has helped, but has accounted for but a small percentage of the eggs put out of business. Trees of which the foliage has been Injured or even totally destroyed by these marauders may be seen on al most any street of Washington, the caterpillars attacking, by, preference poplars, soft maples, elms, alders, v birches and willows. But other trees by no means escape their depreda tions, though the gingko and tulip are almost immune. Besides destroying the. foliage, the caterpillars . are offen sively intrusive, invading the homes of -the residents and otherwise becom ing a nuisance. . . " As usually seen, the tussock cater- -pillar has two big, hairy protuberances . like horns sticking out of where his forehead would be if he had; one, and another one really two close togeth er projecting like the rudder of an airship. He is excessively hairy and . ugly, and his hairs are stuck' in loose- ly and are apt to fall out onlany per- . son upon whom he -drops, causing in flammation and swelling. These hairs -are finally tangled up in the silk as the caterpillar., weaves his cocoon, and become, part, of the "egg receptacle, -leaving the caterpillar. ' a "smooth worm," not a "woolly one," .and look ing far unlike his original hirsute self. STATE DEPARTMENT TO TEACH GREEN CONSULS - A room in the department has been equipped as a complete working Amer- lean consulate, suitable to transact the business of any part of the world, civi lized or uncivilized. - Appointees are no longer permitted to spend that 30 days period in their own way, but are required to report every day at the state department for duty and to spend a certain number of hours In this model consular oiUcs.