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- h ew iXTOzspih) iTJjLiL EiwapdB. Clark Latest Kansas Events 1 - rry. -c is s c i-my. VfmYIU 7 1 . V Vtf I minds of all persons who were fiJLSL' !C-ai YfiS'-: A fh ' -0 I try was thrown across their JL ivMffiiZii I tracks but the wily sav- 25 V, vWZ0ryi'" I " ases eluded all save a few JpgPlI of the soldiers, who !n a TjIn k ; X - T A'.-?'' r-tev Ut . J U(V, 4L?P .W TT-S w them at a distance I. . 4 - "ik T S J Vi I I ASHINGTON. Memories of In dian wars fade rapidly from the minds of all persons who were not actively engaged in the hos tilities. In the east the troubles in the past on the frontier held the attention and the interest but for the moment. No easterner ever gave full credit to the of ficers and the men of the United States army who faced danger after danger and withstood hardship after hardship with precious lit . tie hope of any reward save the consciousness of duty well done. It is probable that not one person in a hundred can name the battle fought only 18 years ago and in which the casualties to ' the small force of the regu lar army engaged amounted to 0 men killed and wounded. That battle was the battle of Wounded Knee, and to-day it is .nearly lost to the recollec tion of the masses. There are several officers now stationed in Washington who had a part - In that Dakota fight. The fight between Col. Forsythe's men of the Seventh cavalry and the band of Big Foot,' the Sioux, was the" result of the ghost-dance craze which had been started and fostered by the great chief Sitting Bullon whose hand was the blood of Custer and his men. ' Sitting Bull was shot and killed by Indian police while resisting arrest, but he was killed too late to prevent the spread of the doctrine which he preached and which had run like piairie fire among the men of his nation. There were all sorts of stories circulated concerning 77T the death of the great Sioux chief. Hhilanthro pists in the east who never had seen an Indian tepee insisted that Sitting Bull was murdered and that the blood of the savage was upon the head of the nation. It was left to Col. Edward G. Fechet, now pro fessor of military science at the University of Illinois, to learn the truth of the shooting of Sit ting Bull and to give knowledge of it to the peo ple. Col. (then captain) Fechet made one of the hardest rides known to the troops of the plains before he secured the facts in the case of the passing of the great Sioux chief to the happy hunting grounds.' Sitting Bull's home was in a log hut on the Standing Rock Indian reservation ,of North Dakota. In the summer of 1890 he gath ered many of his braves about him and told them in picturesque Sioux language that a Messiah was to come who would lead the Sioux nation to victory; that the whites would be annihilated; that the buffalo would come back, and that the red man would once more take pos' ' session of the earth. Through the medicine men Sitting Bull worked so upon the feelings and the superstitions of his warriors that they came to believe that by wear ing certain garments which were called ghost shirts their bodies would be safe from the bullets of the soldiers. When Gen. Miles learned of 'the teachings' of Sitting Bull and of their rapid spread, the chiefs arrest was ordered. Accordingly Indian police led by Lieut. Bull Head and Sergt. Shave Head were dispatched from Fort Yates to arrest the chief at his log hut miles away. Capt- Fechet of the Eighth cavalry was ordered with his com mand, consisting of two troops, and, if memory serves, two light field pieces, to make a night march to Oak Creek, about 18 miles from Sitting Bull's house, there to receive the prisoner when .lie was turned over by Lieut. Bull Head. Capt. Fechet and his men reached- the rendez vous at 4:30 a. m. on one of the coldest mornings of a Dakota December day. There was no sign of the Indian police, nor yet of the scout which Bull Head was to send in advance to inform Xhe cavalry officer of his coming. Fechet's soldier instinct told him at once that -there must be trouble. His men had had the hardest kind of a night ride, but they were will ing, and -he pushed forward rapidly. After he bad made several miles he was met by a scout -who was riding like mad. The runner told Fechet that all the Indian police who had gone to arrest Sitting Bull had been killed by the ghost dancers, .and that there were thousands upon thousands of them fully armed and in their war paint ready .for battle. Fechet looked over his small command and y?nt ahead at full gallop, his only thought being to save such of the policemen as might be alive, and giving no heed to the other thought that ahead of him might be overwhelming numbers -of the savages and the fate of Custer. It was .a terrible ride from that time on. When the morning was a little advanced the -men of the command-heard firing, which seemed to come from different points. On they went un- ttll they came to the brow of the hUl. Below a distance house of Sitting Bull, and in front of it, some hundreds of yards away, was a horde of ghost dailcers en gaged in emptying their rifles Into the log building, from which came a feeble return Bre. Capt. Fechet had his Hotchkiss thrown into action and he dropped a shell in front of the ghost dancers, and then the command charged down the hill. .' The shell had its frightening effect on the savages, who held aloof though still pouring in their fire, which was answered by the soldiers as Fechet himself took a rapid course to the log house, with his life In his hands every step of the way. Inside the hut were found three of the Indian policemen dead and three mortally wounded. The wounded, resolved on exacting a price for their coming death, were still using their rifles against the besieging foe. The soldiers finally drove the savages to flight. ' The few that were left living of the little force of Indian police told this story. Lieut. Bull Head had arrested Sitting Bull and had led the chief from his cabin only to he confronted by hundreds of crazed savages. Catch-the-Bear and Strike-the-Kettle, two of Sitting Bull's men, strode through the Indian ranks, raised their rifles and fired. Bull Head was shot through the body. Dying, he turned quickly and killed Sitting Bull. Strike-the-Kettle- killed Sergt. Shave Head. Instantly Po liceman Lone Man killed Catch-the-Bear. Then the surviving policemen sought shelter in the cabin and held off the ghost dancers as has been told. With the Rosebud, Standing Rock and Pine Ridge Sioux, who went on the warpath in De cember, 1890, were a few stalwart warriors of the tribe of the Northern Cheyennes. That the Chey ennes braves were so limited in number was due to the fact that 12 years before the nation, exiled and longing for its old home, had met with prac tical annihilation in the attempt to regain It. . The Northern Cheyennes had been sent to a reservation in the Indian territory following one of the uprisings against the whites. Their hearts they left behind them in their old home and the warriors yearned to return. Late in the fall of the year 1878 the Cheyenne braves, taking advantage of the temporary ab- sence of their soldier guardians, .gathered to gether . their women and their children and dashed northward In the direction of the land where their fathers had lived from the time back of the beginning of tradition. They had been told by the Indian agents and by the soldiers, who acted under orders, that they never could take the trail back to the north, but they paid no heed to what was told them, but gathering their possessions they set out. The Cheyennes love of home, natural and sympathy-compelling to everyone except to those who thought that an Indian should have naught to do with home-sickness, was the cause of the destruc- sharp skirmish lost their commander, Maj. Lewis. The Cheyennes broke away. A battalion of in fantry was thrown across their tracks but the wily savages eluded all save a few of the soldiers, who in a sharp skirmish lost their commander, Maj. Lewis. The trail led to one of the low hills that chain the reservation. The Cheyennes had taken refuge near the summit in a natural hollow. The sides of the hills rose sheer and slippery to the lurking place of the savages. It was a place admirably adapted for defense. A few men could hold it against a regiment. . Capt. Wessels, in command of the cavalry, saw that the attempt to take the hilltop by assault would be to sacrifice the lives of half of his men. He threw a cordon around the hill, knowing that the warriors could not escape, and trusting that in a few hours hunger would force them to sur render. Meantime the Cheyennes were active. They picked off many a trooper, and at noon on the day following the night of their flight a ball struck Capt. Wessels in the head. The wound was not serious, but itsN effect was to make captain and men eager for a charge. CaptI Wessels went to the front of his troops and prepared to lead them up the slippery hillside in the face of the fire of the best Indian marksmen on the great plains. ' - All things were prepared for -the charge, when to the amazement of the troopers, the whole band of Cheyenne warriors, naked to the waist and yelling like devils, came dashing down the hill side straight at the body of cavalry. The Indians had thrown away their rifles and were armed only with knives. They were going to their death and they knew it. but death was better than a return to the reservation which they hated. Wessels and his troopers of the Third cavalry tried to spare the Cheyennes, but the warriors would have death at any cost. With their knives they plunged into a hand-to-hand conflict with 'the " troopers and before they were slain they exacted ..a. price for their dying. , v. , When the time came for the burial of the In dians, Tea Kettle, a' chief, was found to be alive, but unconscious. Tea Kettle was carried back to the fort and there made comfortable. A squaw sought the wounded warrior's couch and handed him a pair of scissors which he instant . ly plunged into his heart. " He spurned life In the knowledge of the fact that his brother braves were dead. The Sioux . nation heard of the bravery of the Cheyennes and they adopted the women and chil dren, and some of the boys,' grown to manhood, went with the Sioux on the warpath in their last ereat UDrisine. .:--.'.-."..- To Reorganize Kansas Guard. The Kansas National guard is to be reorganized completely by Cnarles Martin, the new adjutant general for Kansas, and the state military board. The reorganization was planned at a meeting of the adjutant general and the board. The purpose is to bring the". Kansas guard into conformity with the regulations laid down by the federal government. Unless the re quirements are met, the state can get no federal support for its militia. One of the government's rules is that every -company must have at least 58 men. Four or five companies are now below that minimum. Four nsw of fices are to- be created : An Jnspector of rifle practice, two captains and an assistant paymaster to rank as cap tain. Company K of the Second regi ment, located at Eldorado, was mus tered out because of inefficiency In instruction. Half a dozen towns want this company, but Caney is expected to get It. Owners May Have' to Pay Costs. A novel suit is docketed for trial at the May term of the . district court at Fort Scott, and one that will attract much attention, as in it Louis isJing bell, the owner of the property in which the Jenkins Noonan saloon was formerly located in the open days in Fort Scott, is to be sued for the amount of the fine and costs still un paid by the defendants, amounting to about ?1,750. The suit is filed under a Kansas law holding the owner of the property where , a nuisance is maintained liable for the fine and costs of those convicted, if it can be shown that he had any way of know ing the nature of the business con ducted In the building. $50,000 For Water Pipe Line. Work on the 'construction of the pipe line that is to furnish the Union Pacific Railroad company with ample water supply at Sharon. Springs, has commenced. William Beat ty . and a man named Saund ers, of Omaha, Nebrasga, will have charge of the work and they estimate that when completed it will have cost in the neighborhood of $50,000. The pipe is eight inches in diameter and for its entire length the water will be forced through it by gravity. It is decleared that the new pipe line will be the best on the entire system of the Union Pacific j-ailroad. Will Have New Weights and Measures Prof. E. A. Stimpson has returned from Washington, D. C, where he has been on a trip of investigation in re gard to the new standards of weights and measures to be installed at the university. Two years ago the legis lature appropriated a sum of money to purchase the weights and measures to be placed at the university under the direct charge of Chancellor Strong. Several hundred dollars' worth of standard weights and meas ures will be purchased and sent to the bureau at Washington to be standardized. Woman Kills a Wildcat. A wildcat, weighing about 52 pounds, was killed in Argentine by Mrs. Hattie Wurst of 385 South Ash street. Mrs. Wurst discovered the animal under the house, and procur ing a revolver, fired at its eyes. When neighbors came; they found the wild cat dead with a bullet wound through the head. Twine for Wheat Fields. The state penitentinary has 2,000, 000 pounds of binding twine ready for shipment to the Kansas wheat fields this year. Warden Haskell says the plant is turning about 10,000 pounds daily and that he will be able to sup ply the usual demand. Mother Fell Down Stairs; Killed Babe A sad and heartrending accident oc curred at the home of John Riffel, who used to live just east of Hope, but who now lives near Lost Springs. Mrs. Riffel was coming down stairs with the eight-months-old baby in her arms, when she felL She was badly injured herself, and the baby was killed. Lawrence Gets Two Car Lines. The city council granted to two separate companies an electric street railway franchise. C. C. Sullivan, representing capitalists from Dayton, O., was granted a franchise for a car line devoted strictly to Lawrence and Whitsed Laming received a franchise for an interurban . right of way through town. Again the Official State Paper. The Topeka . State Journal was again selected as the official state paper by an unanimous vote of the ex ecutive council. The Journal was elected official state paper two years ago. Its renewed commission is for two years. A Baby Burned to Death. The two-year-old daughter of Pat rick Umbarger, a farmer in Haskell county, was burned to death the other night. Mrs. Umbarger had left the child alone In the kitchen and when she returned the baby's clothing was afire. - J. M.' Leidigh of Sparville, Dead. Jacob M. Leidigh, a widely known ltizen of Spearville and Ford coun ty, died at a sanitarium in San Diego, CaL, recently. Mr. Leidigh came to Ford eounty iu 1877. Babe Hung in an Iron Bed. A peculiar accident happened to the infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Sherbenou at Wilson in Elsworth county. The youngster was lying on an fron bed while its mother was busy with the house work, and in rolling around got its head .caught between two rounds -with Its body hanging on the outside, and was in that position when its mother found it, almost choked to death. It was some time before a physician could revive it. A few- minutes longer and the child would have choked to death. Ft. Scott to Have Experiment Farm. Acting under the authority vested in them by a bill passed by the recent legislature, the board of county com missioners have decided to establish a branch experimental farm in Bourbon county, and for that purpose will lease ten acres of the Jacob Hamlin farm, two miles west of this city. The rarmers of the county are taking a great interest In the experimental work, and the members of the four rarmers institutes of the county will watch it closely during the season. How Cattle Suffer From Dogs. Joseph Mercer, state live stock sani tary commissioner, says dogs do more damage to live stock than the mange, black leg, lump jaw and all the other known diseases combined. "A dog goes mad, says Mr. Mercer, "and in fects half a dozen cattle in a herd. These have, to be killed. Other' dogs chase the stock around over pastures and run more flesh off them than can be put on in a week. The stockmen of the state should see that half the dogs in the state are killed." Goodland Boy Kills a Lynx. Joe Morey who lives on a ,farm la Sherman county with his parents, kill. ed a lynx the other evening in the pasture while he was after the cow. The animal was killed with one shot from a rifle. Two dogs the boy "had with him' engaged the animal in a fight and both were disabled, one of them quite badly injured. The lynx measured four and one-half feet in length. Dr. A. C. Gulick will have a rug made of the hide. Groom 76, The Bride 22. George Harmon, aged '76, and Mra. Grace Dawson, aged 22, were, married here the other day. Mr. Harmon is a widower and owns many houses, bonds and a lot of other property. Mrs. Dawson is pretty and vicacious and her new-old husband has known her since babyhood. He declares he is marrying her to legalize the dispos al of his wealth as he wants her to get it without possible tangle or technically intervening. To Stamp Out Rabies. State Live Stock Commissioner Jf. H. Mercer and the authorities of Brown county have taken drastic ao tion to stamp out the rabies in that county. Upon Mercer's approval the county commissioners have issued an order requiring that all dogs in Brown county be tied up for a period of 50 days. The sheriff is authorized to kill every dog found running loose. New State Bank at Udall. A new state bank, with a capital stock of $10,000, to be called the Farmer's State bank, has been organ ized at Udall, and will open for busi ness in a few days. The stock has all been taken by people living' in and near Udall, and the money paid in as required by law. Paola Hog Market Highest Since 1888. The Paola hog market was higher recently than it has been since 1888. This was due to the rivalry between buyers. The prices paid reached $7.00 a hundred. ' Military Board Meets. The state military board met at Topeka and adopted regulations in re gard to rifle practice to conform with the regulations of the war department. It also decided to hold the encamp ment at Fort Riley in August and the rifle shoot at the same place in June. Salina Preacher to Travel in Europe. Rev. C. A. Gavart, pastor of the Swedish Mission church of Salina, has been given a four months' vacation and will visit his old home in Sweden, leaving there the last week in May. Fell Dead as She Finished. Just as she had finished reciting with telling effect Will Carleton's touching poem, "Poor House Nan, Mrs. Henry C. Hill fell over dead at the Trinity Methodist church in Iola. ' Post Cards For Asking. The Kansas City Priests of Pallas have on hand a number of sets of post cards representing last years parade of 15. floats which they will send free to any one asking for them. A $107 Load of Kansas Wheat Several farmers sold No. 2 wheat at $1.26 cash at Junction City, the oth er day. William Latzke sold one load for $107.30, said to be the highest price ever paid. here for one load or wheat. Farmers from Dickinson and Riley counties are hauling to tha mills at Junction City. Lamed Gains 1,000 In a Year. A recent census taken in Lamed shows that the population is 3,700, a gain of something over L000 in a lit tle over one year. (X.