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SAVES BABY'S LIFE
How Incubation Has Reduced the Ravages of Early Birth. Outdoing Nature in an Effort to Offset the Effects of Over-Civilization 15 to 30 Per Cent Said to Be Affected. New York. The doctor said: "Hold him up, please yes, that way, against your arm. So." He was fourteen inches long from the soles of his blanket-swathed toy feet to the crown of his forehead; and be weighed four pounds and an ounce. The age of him was thirty days, and his face was hardly the face of a baby. The length of him reached from the fold of the nurse's plump elbow to the first hinge of her palm fourteen inches and she had taken a gold ring from her finger and, slipping it easily over the child's hand, pushed it up, up, till now it encircled his forearm! Then, enveloping her charge deftly in a featherweight bit of blanket, she car ried him off to his incubator in an other room. "How many more days or hours will that fragment of humanity live?" I marveled of the hospital physician. It was Doctor Fischel who answered Fischel of New York, perfector with Couney and Schenkein of the infant incubator to its present scientific stage, and of the medical system of observation and ,. nourishment now used in conjunction with it. "Bless you," answered Fischel, who speaks with a strong German accent, "that baby has an excellent chance to grow up into a strong, healthy, full sized man. I shall be much disap pointed if he does not." "If an infant weighs less than two pounds and three ounces, it dies on the day of its birth," he said. "If its weight is from two pounds and three ounces to three pounds and five ounces, nearly one-half can be saved by proper incubation and the most scientific care. Let the weight be from three pounds and five ounces to four pounds and seven ounces, and 72 per cent can be saved. From four pounds and seven ounces to five pounds and nine ounces, 90 per cent. "The incubation system, as they have corrected and perfected it, rests upon four cardinal principles. To fur nish the child with perfectly pure air; to maintain an even and proper tern- Km m thee- (EwoMReiE N ALMOST every large city fn the United States taxicabs are rapidly displacing horse-drawn cabs and carriages as public vehicles for transportation in those horseless vehicles are almost always based on the distance traveled as shown rn the. registering dials of the tax- . lmeters it obviously becomes of the gravest importance that these au tomatic records shall be honest and accurate In their chronicling. Indeed, In many cities there have been loud protests due to alleged overcharging of taxicab patrons tne aiiegu overcharging being attributed to the faulty opera tion of the taximeters. Whether such false ac counting was due to a desire to cheat the trav eling public or merely to faulty mechanism in the mechanical bookkeeper could seldom be de termined, but in either event the ouecome was the JilL Weighing an Incubator Baby. perature; to observe the most scrupu lous sanitation, and to supply the right nourishment in the right quantities at exact intervals. It is very simple, you see and very skillful. "The air introduced to the glassed Incubator is taken from out of doors, warmed, sterilized and conducted to the infant through a silvered pipe. A thermostat inside the incubator auto matically maintains the air at the right temperature. If the child is too small or too weak to feed itself, the milk is given with a nasal spoon; that la, fluid is administered drop by drop to the nostrils, and inhaled, reaching the stomach in due course. "Immediaately before each feeding, and immediately after, the infant Is weighed in these sterilized scales. which are so delicately adjusted that they register the exact amount of nourishment taken. This is charted, so that each day's totals show wheth er the babe has gained in weight, and how much, or lost in weight, and how much. There must be a steady gain if the child is to grow. If it does not grow it cannot live. ' Hence, if the day registers no gain in weight, we know at once something Is wrong. Wrong with what? With the milk. And we set about to make the remedy. Pre pared foods and cow's milk are regu lar reapers in the mortality field of Infant childhood." V - t -1 IS r 1 ill I V i-jj m olOes thr. b. UsS5SS2S-4 f- !. - . ' f'Hf ! ill I I . V. jir -j t , v ' 1 7 s T III I t -.SiPM '-.X- -i:;A M-l i., ,.:..jw:v vim, ' A . Tr M .... -mx..' :.. -r-.- id,, . r, i.r .lilfti A- . ..-f . .. tuaw 111 III li)i, Kl III taf je ov7 teskb, tax,, ,-- r fpWR til" I - - ' ' - ! ' 5 pr V Y f K-"- II .TTC r' same the public got the worst of It- Various cities have made efforts to devise some means of testing taximeters, but to Uncle Sam belongs the cre'dit of first solving the prob lem. The system is now In successful operation at the capital of the nation, where, by the way, there are probably more taxicabs in operation than in any other city of the size in the world. hurt, for the car would throw them to one side, hence an attachment was added, operated by a button fixed conveniently on the seat near the driver, which, when pressed in time of danger, drops the cow catcher so that it is similar to the fender of a street car, adapted to catching the unlucky person and carrying him with the ma chine until rescued by the driver of the auto- The matter" of" keeplng"1ab on fEeTaxTmetefg""VaS mOTlle. "According to the inventors of this con-- A Religion of Starvation. Los Angeles, Cal. John Irving O'Neill, the leader of a strange re ligious sect in Los Angeles, is dead. The members of this sect have, for -weeks, been starving themselves In anticipation of the coming of the end of the world. Lying on pallets,- too weak to move, detectives found in an arroyo bungalow four members of the sect, two men, a woman, and a girl of sixteen, who had not touched food for six weeks. O'Neill said he was the leader of the sect, which he called Disciples of the Holy Ghost with the Gift of Tongues. - "The appearance of the comet was the sign of the end of the world," he ald. The girl, Alice Prlffon. according to the detectives, said she had been forced to starve, and that she- was quite willing to live. placed in the hands of Col. W. C. Haskell, the United States superintendent of weights and measures, and he Invented the first machine spe cially designed for testing the accuracy of the "taxi." TheJ first apparatus was rather cumbersome and the most conspicuous feature was a large wooden wheel which was turned by hand. The principle of operation involved the Insertion of a small wire through the shaft of the meter to be tested and turning the same a certain number of times to cover distance, verifying this test over an official mile and fraction thereof. The large machine when fitted with the same size eccentric, sprocket wheel and spiral shaft in use !n taxi cabs gave a correct test, but it was a time-consuming process, ten revolutions of the large wheel being required to show one-quarter mile of travel. After much study of the subject Colonel Has kell perfected the small machine which has lately been Introduced for this work. With It one revo lution of the crank wheel through the aid of a system of cogwheels represents a quarter of a mile of travel. With this small machine attached direct to the shaft of the meter to be tested It Is possible to test ten meters In the time for merly required for trying out one. Moreover, the system of cogwheels is so adjusted as to give an absolutely accurate test. The government now requires that all taximeters attached to cabs at the seat of government be tested at least twice a year, and when a meter upon test is found to be accurate a round blue seal Is affixed to the face of the meter showing that it has . been "ap proved." Incorrect meters are given a yellow seal with the word "Condemned" thereon and must be withdrawn from use under a penalty of $100 fine. One of the latest ideas evolved for a safety attachment for automobiles is a "cow catcher." The "cow catcher," or man catcher, is attached to the front of the motor car and, when not in active use saving the life of some one who steps In front of the moving machine, it locks exactly Uks the pilot of a big locomotive. Used In this way, it was feared that pedestrians might be trivance, the "cow catcher" will prevent many serious accidents if placed on the front of the automobiles. The frequency with which the claim is made that the automobile is largely an extravagance and that the people have grown motor-mad and are annexing themselves to power conveyances with a rapidity and lack of discretion that threat ens the stability of the country, is largely borne out by the results of recent Investigations. An editorial in a recent Issue of the World's Work, under the caption, "Burning Both Ends of the Candle," makes the startling statement that " in the city of Minneapolis alone 1,500 homes have been mortgaged to enable their owners to pur chase automobiles. It is stated that about $375, 000.000 represents what the people of this coun try yrVA spend for motor cars next year, and the edlterUl adds that "there are plenty of Indica iicEt that it is time for the average American to stop and think." Look out of your ofnce window, no matter what city you are In, and you will Bee an auto mobile. Try to cross the street and one of them is more than likely to come along with sounding horn warning the pedestrian to get out of the way. If a man is deaf or a little slow in his foot steps be Is too frequently run down and the chauffeur sets up as a defense that the accident was quite unavoidable. Every one knows that more than half the "unavoidable" accidents could be avoided if the cars were run slower and more attention was paid to the rights of others In their use of the public streets. The automobile almost monopolizes the country roads and has bewme a positive menace. It looms large In the annals of accidents as reported by accident Insurance companies. The secretary of state of Indiana has recently found that the automobile Is also a men ace in a financial way. According to his report covering the months of "April and May. he Issued 3.564 licenses for automobiles for the two months. Assuming an average of $1,000 for each car, it wonld of course appear that $3,564,000 had been spent for automobiles In Indiana within a period of sixty days. The statement has been made that in Indianapolis alone more than 1,900 homes have been mortgaged during the past yar in or der that householders may buycars. Purchasers of automobiles have been deceived in the matter of cost and upkeep, the difference in the representations in this respect in com parison with actual experience, makes it unwise to take or own a car even as a gift. The menace of the automobile now threatens the stability of the home, and the danger is by no means confined to any particular section. Even farmers are buying them. Perhaps you can hear or see one of these "devil wagons" while you read this paragraph about them. It would be worth while to think of them seriously, with the view of reducing the hazard they undoubt edly signify. The bankers of Kansas City and ot the southwest who are dependent on the Kansas City banks have agreed to lend no money to any one who intends to use it with which to buy a motor car. The bankers of Kansas are alive to the menace of the automobile, as well they may be when it is understood that $32,000,000 were Invested in motor cars In .that . state during the last twelve months. - oMunyons T Witcn Mate fM& Soap - II is more aothing than Cold Cream ; more healing than 13 any lotion, liniment or salve; more beautifying than any cosmetic. Cure auaruff sad stop feair from lading ut W. L. DOUGLAS Ntf&EO SHOES 2-00, 42.60, $3.00, iQ, 4X0,6iX iiOYV t&JOO, S2.60 3XK) THE STANDARD FOR 30 YEARS Tfcy 19 absolutely the mtmt rfMlaiJUl bestshoce fur thM price in America. 1 luy ttu leaders everv- wliei because they boii their ssspe, sit better, look better sb4 wear los er thaa ether makee, , bev are nositirelr the I meet economical shoes for voa to bav. W. JL. Imurlss Bams and ths retail price are stamped. on the bottom valae fuaranteed. TK MO SUBSTITUTE! If your dealer' eafpiy you write tor mall order ctMr, W. I DOUGLAS. Bracktoo. Meee. f 6 if 3s. M PATENTS Witm F. Cotman,Wam tntflon, L.C ttouki ! ree. Utgf m xexsreiicea. .Beat reaulia PATENT yonr Idfn!. W-pa.a book an4 Physiognomy of the Salesman The nose of a traveling salesman generally bears the appearance of breadth just above the wings. This Is the nose that indicates the ability to acquire property, make good sales, secure re turns through bargains and fine talking, and get large orders even when persons have indi cated that they did not wish to buy or make a bargain. The thickness of the nose above the wings Is the true facial sign of acquisitiveness, and a traveling salesman and a good business man have generally this characteristic strongly developed. We find it large in George Peabody. Andrew Carnegie and . the Rothschilds, all of whom have made large fortunes. The lips of a good salesman are regular and fit appropriately together. The chin and jaw of a successful salesman are indicated by their squareness and roundness com bined. The roundness gives the power of appeal, and the squareness gives the capacity to clinch the bargain. The voice pf a successful salesman Is bright, cheery, optimistic. Its Inflections are hopeful and airy, not heavy and dull. The salesman possesses a silvery toned voice which Is so oiled to its sub ject that it knows exactly what to say, and says it without hesitation. The handwriting of a good, salesman Is neat, regular, connected, but shows firmness, force In the lines that cross the t's and ambition Is mani fested fn the tails of the gs and In the height of the h'a, l'a, etc The eyes of the honest business man who la engaged as a salesman or a credit man are gen erally small, piercing and keen In expression. The ears of a good salesman are broad, and give to the person vitality, strength, good diges tive power and comradeship. Such a person gen erates life readily, and is social, genial and a good conversationalist. Phrenological Journal. HIS RUBBERS HAD VANISHED Consequently Man From the Country Had Little Use for City Methods. The benches in the waiting rooms at the Union depot in Kansas City aro used for other purposes than to rest on by travelers, the Kansas City Star enlightens us. At every midnight the maids clean out the rooms. They do not forget to poke under the benches for stray bundles left by trust ing travelers. Sometimes, after Intervals, the trav elers return to claim their property. Some time ago a red cap at the depot saw a man in a linen duster, a felt hat and the manner of one who had spent his life In a secluded part of the Ozarks get down on his knees and peer carefully under several of ths benches. "Lost anything, mister?" the red cap queried. "Wall, no, sonny, not "zactly. I left a pair of rubbers here last January when I was on the way tew Emporey. Hain't seen nuthln of 'em, have you?" The red cap explained that he hadn't, and, moreover, that the room had been cleaned out several dozen times since last January. "Well, I swan," replied the traveler. blinking and stroking his beard. "Ths city methods do beat me." Points to Good Future. Seven poor hildren, four girls and three boys, all about 10 years old. went to a nearby seashore resort. In charge of two women, for a day's out ing. The funds for the picnic were provided by two boys who sell papers and who live in one of the two houses from which the excursion party was recruited. One of the women in charge of the children said that the boys had arranged the outing "of their own accord, and the remarkable thing is this: They are -not good boys by any means and one of them is prob ably the naughtiest boy In the neigh borhood. But we think that when boys So little things like this they will corns out all right." New York Tribune. Not Strictly Orthodox. Police Justice Young man, what Is your religion. If you have any? Chauffeur (arrested for overs peed- ing) Something like Jim Bludso's. your honor never be, passed on the highway. People are happier for a things they don't know. lot ot A FOOD DRINK. A lady doctor writes : "Though busy hourly with my own affairs, I will not deny myself ths pleasure of taking a few minutes to tell of my enjoyment daily obtained from my morning cup of Postum. It is a food beverage, not a poison liks coffee. "I began to use Postum eight years ago, not because I wanted to, but be cause coffee, which I dearly loved, made my nights long weary periods to be dreaded and unfitting me for busi ness during the day. "On the advice of a friend, I first tried Postum, making it carefully as directed on the package. As I had always used 'cream and no sugar, I mixed my Postum bo. It looked good, was clear and fragrant, and it. was a pleasure to see the cream color it aa my Kentucky friend always wanted her coffee to look like a new saddle.' "Then I tasted it critically, for I had tried many 'substitutes for coffee. 1 was pleased, yes. satisfied, with my Postum In taste and effect, and am yet, being a constant user of It all these years, "I continually assnre my friends and wiuuuuuivob uuh uicy will 11KB It IS place of coffee, and receive benefit from its use. I have- gained weight, can sleep sound and am not nervous. "There's a Reason." Read "The Road to Wellville" In pkgs. Ever read the above letter? A nev one appears from time to time. They are genuine, true, and full of human Interest. ' TBvea- Teas abe-ra letter A am ae from tliae to time. Ttan sre-M, trst, aa fall ot m- - taMrcit.