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111 VERY ten seconds, somewhere in the world, a baby dies. A blinking red light made this statement to those who attended the convention of the American Association for tjje Study and Prevention ot In fant Mortality at Baltimore, last -November. In one corner ol the room was an electric light, en cased in a red bulb. Six times a minute 7,640 times a day the light went out; and, every time the light faded from the bulb, somewhere in the world, the light faded from a mother's eyes. So fast do our chil dren die. Sometimes they die faster. They died faster last summer. If babies kept diaries, last summer would go down in the annals of the survivors as the "black summer of 1910." In the single city of New York, 873 died in a single week. Every little poor street had its little white hearse. Worse still, durin gthe course of the summer, 8,000 children died that ought to have lived; that Is to say, they died from preventable causes. Children die from two kinds of causes; those that are preventable and those that are not. This Is news. Your grandmother and, possibly, your mother believed that every child that died could not have been saved. Everybody thought so. Preventable causes of deaths were not recognized. It was taken as a matter of course that women should bear twice as many children as were re quired to maintain the population, because half of them were bound te die. We still let half of the children die, but wo knc better. We know they need not die. We know they were born to live. We know that they do not have a chance to live. We have even exploded the old supposition that the children of the physically weak must of necessity be physical ly weak. We now know that the children of the physically weak are born almost as strong aa the child of the strongest. Every intelligent physician knows this statement to be true. However, let some eminent physician stand for it. Caleb W. Saleetoy. one of the most emi nent physicians In England, is such an an authority. Read what he says on the subject in "Parenthood and Race Cul ture": "Most of the babies born In the clums are splendid little specimens of humanity so far as physique Is concerned bearing no marks of degeneration to correspond with the deterioration of their parents. In a word, hereditory works . . . so that each generation gets a fresh start." In another part of the same book. Dr. Saleeby estimated that the number of children who are born so weak that they have little chance for life does not exceed ten per cent.; and he attri buted the weakness of these to the effects of alco hol and certain impolite diseases upon one or both of their parents. Having now some fundamental facts that meet with general acceptance among the enlightened, we may proceed to seek an answer to the ques tion. "Why are children permitted to die from preventable causes and what are those prevent able causes?" We need not go far. Millions of children that are born strong enough to live under favorable circumstances are killed by their mothers. The rest that die from preventable causes are killed by the community by you and by me, if we help to keep tilings as they are, and by everybody else who helps to keep things as they are. We will first consider the mothers who kill their children. Every mother kills or tend3 to kill her children who does not take the trouble to inform herself concerning the proper methods of child-rearing. It Is not that such mothers are lazy. It is not that they are indifferent to their children's welfare. They are simply ig norant. Some of them are steeped in ignorance. Some of them are half-steeped. But they are all ignorant. They don't know that flies, by carrying the germs of diseases, kill more children than all the elephants, tigers, lions, automobiles and street cars in thp world. Therefore, flies are considered mere inconveniences. They are' regarded as un ornamental In the soup, but as not detrimental to the health. Ttoey swarm in the kitchen, the pantry and the olntng room, painstakingly deposit ing their filrti upon every particle of food that the family. Including the children, eat. Some of this filth is not deadly; some of it is. But no such Ignorant motfher ever connects in her mind the going of her heky with the coming of the flies. -Nor does aoy such ignorant mother have any conception oT the care with which she should feed, not onT feer baby, but her half-grown chil dren. If she doesn't nurse her baby she doesn't realize that any milk she is likely to find for sale Is more Wfcery to be poison than food. Nor, does she realise (hat such milk will "be precisely as poisonous for her baby after it has been weaned. Such mothers usually buy their milk from the nearest grocery store. The number of bacteria In nrilk. when it exceeds 500,000 to the cubic centimeter, makes the milk unlit for use. Yet. some analyses of New York store milk, the other day. showed bacteria as high as 38,000.000. What wonder that every summer is a "black sum mer" for the "babies of New York's poor? In many Qtbtr ways, the ignorant mother kills her children with the food she gives them. Many a baby six months old is nibbling crackers, bananas and pickles, while putting in the rest of Its time at an "aU-day sucker" or a stick of candy. Mothers who want their children to live should know that the premature giving of any kind of solid food to a baby is exceedingly dangerous: that after a cMld is weaned it should be given olid food only In accordance with the instruc tions of an Intelligent physician; that meat ana fruit (except orange juice) are like so much poison, even If they do not produce death as quickly as strychnine would; and that all during childhood, the food should be simple, with cereals, milk and vegetables as a basis and a little meat not ofiener than once a week. But. as a child-killer, the community exceeds in destructiveness even the ignorant mother. By s this is meant that the community maintains con ditions that sometimes prevent even Intelligent persons from taking proper care of their children. The community -maintains conditions that create poverty and Blums. The community even main- xcin jriii ni )Sm. j It 4 aw EVER TAKE A MUSIC BATH? tains conditions that foster Ignorance. What chance has the poor mother anywhere in this country to inform herself with regard to the rear ing of children? What chance has the poor mother In New York? She has no money with which to pay a physician for consultation. le she went to a physician paid by the city, she would hardly know what to do with her children while she was away. She might leave them at a day nursery, it is true; but did you ever think how many more day nurseries and how many more city physicians we should have to have if every mother who needs to know how to rear her children were to adopt this plan? We should have to have thou sands and tens of thousands more of each. And, If the community were intelligent enough to de mand such conveniences, It would be intelligent enough not to need most of them. Therefore, we who know enough not to need them are re sponsible for the slaughter of the children of those who won't. And, Is not that a pleasant thought? How can intelligence prevail against the neglect of communities to keep their water supplies pure? Almost every city claims to have pure water. Almost every city Is a liar. So long as we have typhoid fever, we shall know that we have not pure water. The water supply of nearly every city is bad part of the year. One city - drinks the sewage of another. The contamination could be prevented, of course, but it isn't. Detroit, for instance, will have another outbreak of typhoid fever next fall. Scores, If not hundreds will die. and. the following autumn, there --wili be another outbreak Careful parents, of course, can give their children only boiled water to drink at home, but they cannot be sure what their children drink at school. They can only hope for the best and be thankful if they get it. The most deadly disease that threatens chil dren this summer is infantile paralysis. In June, reports came from the south that the disease had broken out in several widely separated places. Dr. Simon Flexner, director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, says It does not follow that the disease will again be epidemic -In the east and the middle west, but he eautions" physicians and parents to be on .the look-out. Infantile paralysis Is caused by a living organ ism so small that it readily passes through a germ-filter of the finest porcelain. It is believed that this germ enters and finds lodgment in the nose, and that children whose noses are not clean are most likely to become infected. From experiments ' made upon monkeys at Rockefeller Institute, it Is known that the average period of incubation Is a little less than ten days; that is to say. definite symptoms of the disease appear ten days after the germ enters the sys tem, though illness has sometimes followed in four days. N . The first symptoms of the disease appear to vary somewhat with the Individual. Also, no Individual has all of the symptoms. Restlessness and irritability sometimes mark the approach. At other times there is apathy. Also there may be a low fever for a few daya. Dr. William Palmer Lucas of the Harvard Medi cal School, who Is one of the leading investigators of the disease, offers this general advice: "Headache, general or frontal, is not Infrequent ly met with In children old enough to locate the pain, and this Is often accompanied with rigidity of the neck. If with any of these nervous mani festations, there should be trouble In the upper air passages, such as bronchitis or sore throat, sus picion should be aroused." But even if the dwtsease. early in its progress. " be correctly diagnosed, the best physician cannot stop It. Like scarlet fever, measles and all other germ diseases, this ailment must run its course. They Are aa Good for the Soul, Holmes Says, as Water for the Body. One must be educated, no doubt, to understand the more complex and dif ficult kinds of musical composition. Go to the concerts where yon know that the music Is good, and that you ought to like It whether you do or not. Take a music bath once or twice a week for a few seasons, and you will find that it la to the soul what the water bath is to the body. I wouldn't trouble myself about the affectations of people who go to this or that series of concerts chiefly because It la fashionable. Some of these people whom we think so silly will perhaps find, sooner or later. that they have a dormant faculty which Is at last waking up, and that they who came because others came. and began by staring at the audience, are listening to a newly found de light. Everyone of us has a harp un der the bodice or waistcoat, and if it can only once ct properly strung and tuned it win respond to all outside harmonies. Oliver Wendell Holmes. A physician can only put the patient in a co?1" tion to weather the Btorm as well as possible. But while little can be done after the disease has developed, careful parents can do much to prevent their children from taking the malady. The children's noses can be kept clean. Dr. Flex ner regards this as most Important. Also, certain disinfectants, if used as a mouth and nose wasn during the - summer danger period, are effective. A one per cent, solution of hydrogen peroxide wili kill the germ of Infantile paralysis. So will plain menthol. Each of these statements Is made upon the authority of Dr. Flexner. Yet the germ that causes infatnile paralysis Is more virulent than the germ of rabies. Dr. Flex ner discovered that the paralysis germ could not even be weakend by drying it for weeks over caustic potash, nor by keeping it frozen for weeks. But hydrogen peroxide and menthol kill It. Dr. Flexner Is now and has been for some time conducting experiments to learn whether flies carry the germs and spread the disease. He has already definitely learned that flies do carry the germs, but he has not demonstrated tbat the germs', when carried, get into the system and produce the disease. ' Infantile paralysis came to this country rrom o. j: ,1- PHnr tn ifln7 It had seldom occurred ouauuiuaiio. - here Since then It has been epidemic from the Atlantic to the Pacific New York and Boston, where so many immigrants gather, have suffered most. Minnesota, to which so many Scandinavians tiBTt The disease flourishes dur- i ,.,! rinf cnmmcni It is sort of a sister 1 1 uu. J ' disease of cerebrospinal meningitis and, years nmhshiT nftn mistaken for that disease. A conspicuous point of " difference Is that the for mer malady comes in late winter or early spring, while infantile paralysis comes In summer. In fantile paralysis is most likely to attack children less than four years old, though adults are not i e,. ottnfe- most likely makes the sublect immune for life. Dr. Flexner"s experl- mnnluva Indicate as much. But, harking) back to the causes ot preventable deaths of children, this much more may be said: Mothers are too prone to-buy medicine from doc tors and not enougn given to dujuis from them. Mothers who do not know how to thai, chiiriron should not wait until a child is sick and then call the doctor to dose the child. They should call the doctor when the child Is well, and pay him his regulation fee for ' sitting down half an hour and instructing them , r, f the child. Most mothers need information more than their children need medicine. Doctors, when called, often give harm i iinn wnsn none- is needed, simply be cause the public feels that it must have something for its money. The puDiic is noi " to know that it can spend Its money In no better .i hv pertain information that tends mworri h maintenance of health. Diarrhea, for ,hioh irtiin more babies, perhaps, than any other single cause. Is solely a disturbance of the digestive tract due to wrong reeding. Milk containing thirty-seven million bacteria to the ...li r con n million will cause it. cuuiu tr ii ijiik-iv" Cow's milk not properly modified Is certain to upset the stomachs of infants. A half-hoar with a good physician wlU enable a mother to get in formation that may prevent her child from sicken ing and dying. - mo th, romnoneiblUty for the - nr children must largely rest uiuauic " - - with the few who. knowing how to take care of their own. do not. for one reason or another, take effective measures to pass on this knowledge to others. A few men control every government .t mimicinal These men. it they UBLiuuai, D la -J 1 wanted to. could compel government to dissemi nate the vast amount or raroraiuun .uui .. ht, rj infant mortality. France moved when her birth-rate became so low that she had ... whoi hllrlren become scarce, govero w uiuo. ' - - - menu are sometimes as careful of their health as they at at other times ox tne neaiui m doss. PIMPLES ON FACE 3 YEARS "I was troubled with, acne for three long years. My face was the only part affected, but it caused great disfigure ment, also suffering and loss of sleep. At first there appeared . red, hard pimples which later contained white matter. I suffered a great deal caused by the Itching. I was in a state of perplexity when walking the streets or anywhere before the public T used pills and other remedies but they failed completely. I thought of giving up when nothing would help, but something told me to try the Cuti cura Soap and Ointment. I sent for a Cuticura Booklet which I read care fully. Then I bought some Cuticura Soap and Ointment and by following the directions I was relieved In a few days. I used Cuticura Soap for wash ing my face, and applied the Cuticura Ointment morning and evening. This treatment brought marvelous results bo I continued with It for a few weeks and was cured completely. I can truthfully say that the Cuticura Rem edies are not only all, but more than they claim to be." (Signed) G. Bau- mel, 1015 W. 20th Place, Chicago, I1L, May 28, 1911. Although Cuticura Soap and Ointment are sold by drug gists and dealers everywhere, a sam ple of each, with 32-pae book, will be mailed free on application, to Cuticura," Dept. 28 K, Boston. Some Shakespeare Statistics. ' A Shakespearean enthusiast with a turn for statistics has discovered that the plays contain 106,007 lines and 814,780 words. "Hamlet" is the long est play, with 3,930 lines, and the Comedy of Errors" the shortest. with 1,777 lines. Altogether the plays contain 1,227 characters, of which 157 are females. The longest part is that of Hamlet. The part with the longest word In it is that of Costard in "Love's Labor Lost," who tells Moth that he is "not so long by the head as honorlficabilitudinltatlbus." Leading a Dog's Life. "Your husband says he leads a dog's life,". said one woman. "Yes, it's very similar," answered the other. "He comes in with muddy feet, makes himself comfortable by the fire and waits to be fed." Every body's Magazine. - 4 Where ft Belonged. "Where are you goias?" "To fetch some water, sorr." "What, in those disreputable trous ers 7" "No, sorr. In this 'ere pail." Lon don Opinion. BEAUTIFUL POST CARDS FREE Send So stamp for At samples of say very choic est Gold Bmbossed Birthday Flower and Motto Post Oards; beautiful colors and loveliest designs. Art Post Card Clnn, 131 Jackson SC. Tbpeka, Kssfiss It takes an optimist to rejoice In the fact that after a woman tires of his kisses, he can eat all the onions he wants. WfonpTpr von have a TJain think of Hamlins Wizard Oil. For Headache, Toothache. Earache, Stomach ache, and manv other nainful ailments there is noth ing better. ..-' . -' - ' A woman thinks a man Is sensible If he tells her that she is handsome. Many a man's deficiency In dollars la due to his deficiency in sense. Relieves Backache Sloan's Iiiniment is a great remedy for backache. It penetrates and relieves the pain instantly no rub bing necessary just lay it ou lightly. Here's Proof. T had mr back hart in the Boer War and in san sranosoo two years ago a was bit by a street car in the same piece. I tried all kinds at aope witnout : Tm weeks am I saw vour lini- sscttt fa a drag store and got a bottle to try. The first appucation caused instant relief, and now except for a little aun acsa. 1 am almost well. FLETCHKJt NORMAN, Whinter.CaHf. SLOAM'S iir-IIMEMT is the best remedy for rheumatism, neuralgia, sore throat and sprains. Miss E. Rim of Brooklyn, N.Y., writes : "Sloan's Liniment is the best for rheumatism. I have used six bot tles of it and it is grand." Sold by all Dealers. 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SacM m mmm mhaald Dr. Pierce" m Coldem MetUcml 'DlMCorcrr- It carem afisensee of fate mtamacU mad other rfaas ot dlieatlotM aas? matrltlom. It omricho thm blood, iMTt&ormtom CAe Bwor, mtromitHonm tbo Mtidmmy. momriabem tmm nerves, mod mo GIVES HEALTH SUgD STttEXCTH TO THE WHOLE BOOT, Yon can't afford to accept a secret nostrum na aobatitoto for this noaw sdooholio medicine or ajsoww com men ion. not ma though the urgent dealer may thereby make a little bigger profit. , Ingredients printed on wrapper. i C . COLT DISTEMPER wmrw le-i IT i Yha trtefe: mm flared, bums mil attavbie, no matter- bow "exposed. kept from bftvlos xhm cLUv by uiliitr 6t"OHNl LIQUU DL8TfcJPEK GU RK70 1 - oa onarnm- or In feed. Arta on tha Blood a.Bd axntan. on-rnii -ur all forma of dteteanper. Best remedy ever known for mmm in fotCL f Tit dasei w dnLggtstP and lie i mi ilieli-n ni mini inimf pmkl by t aajmtwkrxnrmn. Cut snows bow to pooltlo tfaroata. 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