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OF HEREDITY HREE HUNDRED THOU sand feeble-minded per sons are tunning at large in the United States. Eighty per cent, of the feeble-minded chil dren come from 19 per cent of the community. Idiocy feeble-minded- ness, is simply another name for it is a matter of heredity. "There has been a terrible increase In the number of feeble-minded chil dren in the past few years. "Feeble-minded mothers are twice as prolific as normal women. "The country cannot build institu tions rapidly enough to house and take care of the feeble-minded. "The only solution of the problem is the unsexing of all feeble-minded per sons to prevent them from breeding more feeble-minded children, and the training of the feeble-minded who are 'now here to be self-supporting." These are a few of the conclusions reached by Prof. E. R. Johnstone and Dr. Henry H. i Goddard of the training school for feeble minded chil dren at Vineland, N. J., after a care ful study of more than 250 families In which feeble-minded children have been born for several generations. In four of these families the records of 8,700 individuals were traced, of which number 687 were feeble-minded, or nearly one-fourth of the entire num ber. At the present time Dr. Goddard, who is in charge cf the research de partment of the Institution, is engaged in tracing the records of the members of a single family which promises to rival if not actually to surpass the rec ord of the notorious Jukes family. Jukes, it will be remembered, is the famous family of criminals usually cited as the most glaring example of heredity in crime. More than two 'Mris of the descendants of the orig- AKE FATHER INSANE MOTHER man beings.' Dr. God (lard's assistants have investigated the records of near ly every one of these descendants only to discover that 680 of them or more than half were feeble-minded, many of them with criminal records. Among the others were numerous epileptics showing conclusively the terrible consequences of that unfortunate union. Dr. Goddard's assistants have traced nearly a thousand of the same young man's legitimate descendants the re sult of his union to a normal woman. Not a single case of feeble-minded-ness has been found among them. When this great work is completed. Dr. Goddard believes it will be the most powerful argument ever present ed for the unsexing of all feeble-minded persons. . The state of New Jer sey has already passed a law which provides for the unsexing of all in mates of institutions for the feeble-minded. However, this will only prevent those who are already in the institutions from breeding more feeble-minded children. More effective measures are necessary, and to that end Prof. Johnstone, who is superintendent of the training school, has outlined a plan which, if adopted, will, he believes, do more to solve the problem than anything that has been attempted bo far. "All that we have yet done has been to house the feeble-minded," said Prof. Johnstone the other day. "Now we- are finding that they are in creasing with such rapidity that this plan is impossible. We have got to go a step further. Special classes must be organized in every school for all children who are be hind in their work. These children must be examined carefully by physi cians. We are standardizing tests for feeble-mindedness, and so accurate are these tests that every feeble minded child can be detected with absolute certainty. If morally suitable these backward children can be kept in school and live at their homes until the age of puberty. If they are not morally suitable they should be sent to training schools for the feeble-mind ed. There they should be unsexed and taught some useful occupation. Thirty. to fifty per cent, can be made entirely self-supporting after ten FIRST GENERATION ONE IDIOT S0N SECOND GENERATION THIS SON BECAME THE FATHER OP 13 CHILDREN, 7 OF WHOM WERE. J0I0TS THIRD GENERATION V j "FOJrry known descendantsofjhese n children have been traced "l WH0M 2' WERE 'NSAMEJDTHERS EPILEPTICS, AND THE REMAINDER MORMAL m ruunin ucnciwiiun -56 INSANE CWLDREN AND 5 4- OTHER. EPILEPTICS OR NORMAL fifth generation of 230 children in this generation 1jt were insane thyroid glands in tb hop that It will improve their physical and mental con ditions. These glands, which are ob tained from sheep and other animals, are fed to the children three times a day In "tablet form. The experiment has been under way for about three months, but at least a year must elapse before any definite conclusions can be reached as to its value. The experiment is being made on the the ory that some chemical element Is missing from these children, and that to correct their condition it is neces sary to find out what this Is. These studies are directed by Dr. W. S. Cor nell, who Is in charge of the medical research. Another selected group of 20 feeble minded children of different grades are being fed with the pineal gland, also in the form of capsules. Their condition is being compared with that of 20 children of the same grade who are not being given the gland. Very little is known of the uses of these ductless glands, but the discovery that feeding the thyroid gland to the cre tin type improves their condition has led several investigators to believe that the feeding of pituitary and pineal glands may have similar effects. The pituitary gland is situated near the base of the nose. When It Is dis eased it causes a disease commonly known as giantism. The pineal gland in a small conical structure found above the third verticle of the brain. Of course, these experiments may re sult in nothing, but so far the results have been most encouraging. COULDN'T BE CONVERTED I E - NORMAL J WWilik XpxilvjnXii'll, WtWA normal IITtdS II I Jj. I I , I II I ' - NORMAL. I SIXTH GENERATION J72 OF THESE 342 CHILDREN WERE INSANE .OTHERS EP1LEPTIC5. REMAINDER NORMAL. SEVENTH GENERATION 206 INSANE DESCENDANTS TRACED. AND 204 EITHER EPILEPTICS OR NORMAL How the ancestry of 1,146 brothers, sisters and cousins, of whom 580 were insane, others criminals or epileptics and the remainder normal, has been traced back- through seven generations to the parent stock a sane father and a feeble-minded mother. In a founder of the family, a criminal wha came to America in the latter part of the seventeenth century, were criminals, feeble-minded persons or degenerates. This family being stud led by Prof. Goddard shows an even higher percentage of feeble-minded members. Dr. Goddard has already spent three years in compiling and classifying the information about this family, gathered by seven trained in vestigators who have been constantly In the field. Another year will elapse before the record of every member of tnefamily Is traced and the work completed, but the facts gathered so far enable Dr. Goddard to declare the case of the Jukeses is not an isolated one as many bave believed but a typical one. In fact, every state In the Union will furnish several fam ilies, he declares. For obvious reasons it is Impossible to give toe name of the family, but in 1782 a young man of a proud New Jer sey family wronged a feeble-minded girl in the village near his home. Then he went his way, married a gfrl of fine family, reared children and died, high ly respected, in 1837. But the feeble-minded girl gave birth to a son of feeble mind, and this son became the father of 13 children, seven of whom were idiots One of the feeble minded sons married a feeble-minded woman and all their children were idiots. In the next gen eration one of their feeble-minded sons (to follow only one branch of the .-family) fell in love with a feeble-minded woman. Nobody prevented them from marrying. They brought 11 chil dren into the world. And one of their Idiot daughters bore 11 children And the last In the direct line of horrors is a girl of 14 in the train ing school at Vineland who has the mind of a child of two. This, mind yon, is tracing only one member of the family in each feneration That one youth who wronged that feeble-minded girl more than a century ago became the ancestor through her of 1,146 bo- years' training. When they grow up they can be placed in homes and farms for feeble-minded adults. The men can work in shops and on the farms. The women can sew and work in the orchards. . Many of them can be permitted to return to their own homes. The greatest danger today is that feeble-minded persons when they are allowed to return to their homes bring more feeble-minded people into the world. But unsexing them will re move this danger and wtihin a few decades the community will have to deal only with the occasional feeble minded child who is born to normal parents. We are not ready to adopt the old Spartan custom of putting to death the feeble-minded and the physically unfit, although there are some per sons who believe this should be done. We cannot continue to house them. The expense is already greater than the state can bear. . We must put an end to the breeding of feeble-mind ed children as far as possible and train those we have and those that are bound to come to be self-supporting. The training school at Vineland is the only institution In America that is scientifically and systematically studying the problem of checking the increase of feeble-mindedness. Elab orate experiments are constantly be ing conducted there with a view to bet tering the condition of the Inmates, wno number approximately 400. A few years ago it was discovered that the cretin type lacked the thyroid gland, and that feeding them the thy roid gland of a sheep produced a dis tinct Improvement. It is now be lieved. In fact, it has been demon strated in many institutions, that if the thyroid gland be fed to the cretin type at an early age their efficiency is greatly increased. x At the present many feeble-minded children of the Mongolian type ' (so called from their slant eyes) are be ing fed with pituitary glands and oth ers with mixtures of the pituitary and Pastor of Church Confesses His Inabil ity to Pass a Counterfeit Sil ver Dollar. The minister walked solemnly to the front of the platform, and after gazing intently at the congregation for some moments he cleared his throat and spoke. "I am sorry to have to announce," he said slowly, "that some member of this congregation on Sunday last put a counterfeit silver dollar In the con tribution box. What his motive was I know not.- He may have assumed that for the heathen a spurious dol lar was as good as a real one, but It should not be understood that the actual money we take In here does not go directly to them, and I hope that the individual who gave the spurious coin will be good enough to redeem it. I am sorry to have to make the request, but the fact Is that I have tried three times to pass the dollar In question off myself, and In every case unsuccessfully, wherefore I consider that It is up to the donor to make good." "I am the guilty party, parson," said a little red-headed individual sit ting In the third row of pews, rising and taking a genuine dollar out of his pocket. "I had hoped, sir, that a man of your strong powers of ex hortation, who has made a good man out of such unpromising material as myself, would be able to convert that dollar " "You will please resume your seat. Mr. Skinnerton," said the clergyman. "The treasurer will negotiate the ex change at the conclusion of the serv ice. The ushers will now proceed with the collection, and while they are about it please let me say that, as be tween counterfeit money and suspend er buttons for the collection plate, I most unquestionably prefer the latter, The suspender button can be made useful, but spurious money is not only useless, but involves the clerical con science in too great a strain, consider ing the size of the average minis terial salary." Harper's Weekly. Found Granny's Hoard. There is a certain class of persons who never will trust their little for tunes to banks the old blue teapot or the woolen sock seems safer to their, minds. And then, perhaps, there is a miserly streak in their make-up which encourages them to keep their money at hand where they can actual ly see it when they so desire. And often circumstances are such that these private hoards are lost and money that might do good to needy relatives and friends never comes to light. Granny Krag of Fort Plain, N. Y., loved her son Henry and his chil dren. She always had been of a Bay ing disposition, but when she died sud denly on February 25 last relatives had no idea what she had done with her savings. On March 18 the house cat chased a mouse under an old foot stool that had often been used by Granny as she sewed carpet rags. The cat didn't catch Mr. Mouse; but in reaching into a hole in the lining, the cat drew out a $50 bill. Further search brought to light $870 all Granny's little hoard. Soul in the Corporation. A tramp who had been put off a Rock Island train fell Into a vat of boiling water while seeking a place to Bleep. The whole train schedule was disarranged in order that a special train which rushed the tramp to & hospital should have the right-of-way. The soullessness of the soulless cor poration has its frontier. It may be without heart In the competition for business, without conscience In gain ing its earnings out of passengers and shippers. But when the appeal of hu man suffering is made to It. it can for get that its policy Is to keep labor at its lowest wage to pay for personal hurt only If It must, to gouge and, sometimes, to cheat. Where spontan ea : impulses are generous there Is no real danger that any policy of In dustry, developed oat -of commercial conditions, will ever become fixed however profitable Its meanness and cruelty may prove to be Toledo Blade. - , Terrible Suffering: Eczema All Over Baby's Body. "When mr babv was four months old his face broke- out with eczema and at sixteen months of age his face, hands and anna were in a dreadful state. The eczema spread all over his body. We had to put a mask or clotn over his face and tie np his hands. Finally we gave him tx4- c :n i - t u he . was entirely cured. Today he is a healthy bov." Mrs. Inez Lewis. Barine. Elaine. Hood's Sarsaparilla cures blood diseases and builds up the system. Get it today in usual liquid form or chocolated tablets called Sareatabs. Hillocks of Vegetation. At this time of the year farmers are busy making miniature mountains on their holdings, mountains that will be scattered over the countryside before the winter Is over. The mountains in question are those formed of vegetable produce that must be kept for several months, and sold as occasion requires. Potatoes, beet root, carrots and turnips are raised from the ground In September and stored. The farmer calls his hillock of vege tables a "clamp." He makes it on a piece of high ground near the home stead, so that it may not be flooded. and many a big grower has clamps a quarter of a mile long. First, a shallow ditch is dug on the piece of land selected. The base of this is lined with straw, and upon the straw the roots are heaped up firmly and carefully, till they resemble an elon gated cone. Over the sides of the cone more straw is laid, and on that again earth or, better still, tufts, with their grassy sides inwards. Bricks will not keep out frost, but straw will, and a well made clamp is frost proof, and also damp proof. ARE YOUR KIDNEYS WEAK? There are two ways to tell if you have weak kidneys. The first is through pains in toe back. The sec ond by examining the kidney secre tions. If you sus pect your kidneys, begin using Doan's Kidney Pills at once. Mrs. J. L. Warrick, 406 W. Mulberry St., Le banon, Ohio, says No tongue can tell the agonies I suffered. My feet and limbs were lifeless and there were weeks when I could not put my feet to the floor or stand alone. As a last resort, I began using Doan's Kid ney Pills. ' In six weeks I was as free from kidney trouble as if I had never had it." "When Your Back Is Lame, Re member the Name DOAN'S." 50c. a box at all stores. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y r When the World Was Made. When Lottie returned from her first visit to Sunday school she was asked what she had learned. "God made the world in six days, and was arrested on the seventh day," was her version of the lesson impart ed. Lippincott's. ImDortant to Mothers Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for Infants and children, and see that it Bears the Signature of In Use For Over 30 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria In London 900,000 persons are living more than two in a room and 26,000 persons are living six or more in a single room. LEWIS' "SINGLE BINDER." A hand-made cigar fresh from the table, wrapped In foil, thus keeping fresh until smoked. A fresh cigar made of good tobacco Is the Ideal smoke. The old, well cured tobaccos used are so rich In quality that many j who formerly smoked 10c cigars now : smoke Lewis Single Binder Straight j 5c. Lewis' Single Binder costs tne ; dealer some more than other 5c cigars, j but the higher price enables this fac tory", to use extra quality tobacco. There are many Imitations; don't be fooled." There Is no substitute! Tell the dealer you want a Lewis "Single Binder." The Best. "What do you think would - be a good motto for the motorists?" "Wrecks to the reckless!" - Color of Butterflies. The colors of "' botterftles ' are tn fraenced by the temperature of the air m which they live. - Dr. Pierce's Pellets. smalL suear-eoated. easy to take as candy, regulate and invigor ate stomach, liver and bowels. Do not gripe. Satda of ns eniilrl wmn onr pnfwl rgn. olutlons In cotton, and even then they would get broken. Hrs. Window's Soothing Sjr-up for Children teething;, softens the sums, reduces Infl&mnu- Uoa, auiays psan, cures wind colic, Z5c m bottle. Don't cry unless there's some one around with a tear mop. WHEN A TONIC IS NEEDED We strongly urge you Hosteller's Stomach Bitters first of all. It "will give the greatest satisfaction. IT IS FOR P00B APPETITE INDIGESTION BILIOUSNESS MALARIA GENERAL WEAKNESS A trial will convince you. MILLIONS "'FAMILIES 5YRUPmGS IXS1X14 EUXIRef SENNA FOX COLDS AND HEADACHES, INDIGESTION AND SOUR STOMACH. CAS AND FERMENTATION. CONSTIPATION AND BILIOUSNESS. WITH MOST SATISFACTORY RESULTS. 4 C 1 B 1 ! I I1D1IWI X 3 ItlfflBS ICt"JinaZ J CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO. IN THE CIRCLE ON EVERY PACKAGE 0FTHE GENUINE THE WONDERFUL POPULARITY OF THE GENUINE SYRUP OF FIGS AND EUX1R OF SENNA HAS LED UNSCRUPULOUS MANUFACTURERS TO OFFER IMITATIONS. IN ORDER TO MAKE A LARGER PROFIT AT THE EXPENSE OF THEIR CUSTOMERS. IF A DEALER ASKS WHICH SIZE YOU WISH, OR WHAT MAKE YOU WISH. WHEN YOU ASK FOR SYRUP OF FIGS AND ELIXIR OF SENNA, HE IS PREPAR ING TO DECEIVE YOU TELL HIM THAT YOU WISH THE GENUINE, MANUFACTURED BY THE CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO ALL BFI IABI F DRUGGISTS KNOW .THAT THERE IS BUT ONE GENUINE AND THAT IT IS MANU FACTURED BY THE CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO ONLY NOTE THE NAME ! null il I mi j 1 1 tt I'j 1 1 j :m PRINTED STRAIGHT ACROSS. NEAR THE BOTTOM. AND IN THE CIRCLE. NEAR THE TOP OF EVERY PACK ACF, . OF THE GENUINE ONE SIZE ONLY. FOR SALE BY ALL LEADING DRUGGISTS REGULAR PRICE 50c PER BOTTLE. ESS if i i cWTAlNssUt riift' IS (t 1 CEWT- WUCOMOt jji I ' MINIATURE PICTURE OF PACKAGE, SYRUP OF FIGS AND ELIXIR OF SENNA IS ESPECIALLY ADAPTED TO THE NEEDS OP LADIES AND CH1CDREN. AS IT IS MILD AND PLEASANT GENTLE AND EFFECTIVE, AND ABSOLUTELY FREE FROM OBJECTIONABLE INGREDIENTS. IT IS EQUALLY BENEFICIAL. COR WOMEN AND FOR MEN. YOUNG AND OLD FOR SALE BY ALL LEAWM1 DRUGGISTS, ALWAYS BUY THE GENUINE. 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Send for our interesting; booklet. ROBIN HOOD AMMUNITION CO. Cth. STREET, SW ANTON, VT. W. L. DOUGLAS 2.50, 3.00, '3.50 & M.00 SHOES Men and Women wear WJ-Dongiaa shoes beennsn they are the best shoes produced in this coamtiy for the price. Insist upon har ms; tnem. 1 alee no otner - THE STANDARD OF QUALITY FOR OVER 3Q YEARS The assurance tat goes with an csbtb reputation n your assurance in buying W.L. Douglas shoes. If I could take you into my large factories at Brockton, Mass., and show yoa how carefully W JDouglas shoes are made, you Would then understand whv thev are war ranted to bold their shape, fit better and wear longer than any odWniake for the price CAUTION n rM bsm W. X Donrlai yUIIUH asaMd,o,tpo,7s5om oossui w. u. uonglas sboes in ONE FAIR of my BOYS7 a, siio or OOPaiAg, ls Spngsi Bt, stroefctosy Maw. famt Odor lf U4 CatuZmely. Mm H sP" 54 sTm E5 G '-rTJaTl m uv m -tit w ii 9 Great Opportunity wny wait xor im oia larra to Dccome in nen lanrti -rjijin now to prepare for your future Sruoiwniy una inaepen cnee. A. great oppor tunity awn its yoa In or Alberta, where yoa carraccnr?a SWHome stoad or to try land ax rea sonaDle prioea. Haw'stbeTims o. a year from now, wben land will be bigb fer. Itie-uroflts iMnrcd from tbe abundant crop of W hftt tas.t.M and Hnrlfiv. aa well as cattle raising, are can sins A steady advance in f i rice. GtOTermnent returns snow bat the number o settlers In Wee torn snds from the 17. H wan t4 per cent larjrer in ltXO thaa Use prrvi o-ney ea r. Many farmers have paid ror their lajidk out of the proceeds of one crop. Free Homenteadn of 160 aftces sand prj-emption of 1 BO acres at 3.00 an acre. Fine climate, frood school, excellent railway faeilitftc, low freight rates; wood, wa ter and lajuber easily ob tained. - For pamphlet MLart Best West," parUcuJarsaa to Bultable location and low settlers rate, apply to Hupt of Immigration, Ottawa, Ca.xu, or to Canaaian GoTt Aent. W. H. SOGERS ' I 125 W. Ninth SU Kassas City. Mo. Please write to t)yp merr-nt rumi-mit yon m 2 m Trappwg Time Is Soon Here SoGct Posted We Furnish Free Correct? Quotations on Ry FURS A POSTAL CARD FOvAY BRINGS A LIST rr Viv NO COMMISSION CHARGED a WE ARE DIRECT BUYERS ' TmeHooseTHat Rareiy Loses a 5hippe LOTZ BROS.II3I15 ELM StST.LoutS W. N. Kansas City, No. 42-1911. PUTNAM' FADELESS DYES Color more goods brighter sm faster colors than tayothcrdye. Qua 10c parlragg colors all fibers. They dye in cold water better than airy other dye. You can ay any garment wkhont ripping apart. Writ- for free booklet How to Dye. Bleach and Mix Colors. MONROE DRUG COWPaNY, Qslacy, III.