HREE HUNDRED THOU
sand feeble-minded per
sons are tunning at
large in the United
States. Eighty per cent,
of the feeble-minded chil
dren come from 19 per
cent of the community.
ness, is simply another name for it
is a matter of heredity.
"There has been a terrible increase
In the number of feeble-minded chil
dren in the past few years.
"Feeble-minded mothers are twice
as prolific as normal women.
"The country cannot build institu
tions rapidly enough to house and take
care of the feeble-minded.
"The only solution of the problem is
the unsexing of all feeble-minded per
sons to prevent them from breeding
more feeble-minded children, and the
training of the feeble-minded who are
'now here to be self-supporting."
These are a few of the conclusions
reached by Prof. E. R. Johnstone
and Dr. Henry H. i Goddard of the
training school for feeble minded chil
dren at Vineland, N. J., after a care
ful study of more than 250 families
In which feeble-minded children have
been born for several generations. In
four of these families the records of
8,700 individuals were traced, of which
number 687 were feeble-minded, or
nearly one-fourth of the entire num
ber. At the present time Dr. Goddard,
who is in charge cf the research de
partment of the Institution, is engaged
in tracing the records of the members
of a single family which promises to
rival if not actually to surpass the rec
ord of the notorious Jukes family.
Jukes, it will be remembered, is the
famous family of criminals usually
cited as the most glaring example of
heredity in crime. More than two
'Mris of the descendants of the orig-
man beings.' Dr. God (lard's assistants
have investigated the records of near
ly every one of these descendants only
to discover that 680 of them or more
than half were feeble-minded, many
of them with criminal records. Among
the others were numerous epileptics
showing conclusively the terrible
consequences of that unfortunate
Dr. Goddard's assistants have traced
nearly a thousand of the same young
man's legitimate descendants the re
sult of his union to a normal woman.
Not a single case of feeble-minded-ness
has been found among them.
When this great work is completed.
Dr. Goddard believes it will be the
most powerful argument ever present
ed for the unsexing of all feeble-minded
persons. . The state of New Jer
sey has already passed a law which
provides for the unsexing of all in
mates of institutions for the
feeble-minded. However, this will
only prevent those who are
already in the institutions from
breeding more feeble-minded children.
More effective measures are necessary,
and to that end Prof. Johnstone, who is
superintendent of the training school,
has outlined a plan which, if adopted,
will, he believes, do more to solve the
problem than anything that has been
attempted bo far.
"All that we have yet done has been
to house the feeble-minded," said Prof.
Johnstone the other day. "Now
we- are finding that they are in
creasing with such rapidity that this
plan is impossible. We have got to
go a step further. Special classes must
be organized in every school
for all children who are be
hind in their work. These children
must be examined carefully by physi
cians. We are standardizing tests for
feeble-mindedness, and so accurate
are these tests that every feeble
minded child can be detected with
absolute certainty. If morally suitable
these backward children can be kept
in school and live at their homes until
the age of puberty. If they are not
morally suitable they should be sent
to training schools for the feeble-mind
ed. There they should be unsexed
and taught some useful occupation.
Thirty. to fifty per cent, can be made
entirely self-supporting after ten
ONE IDIOT S0N
THIS SON BECAME THE FATHER
OP 13 CHILDREN, 7 OF WHOM WERE. J0I0TS
V j "FOJrry known descendantsofjhese n children have been traced
"l WH0M 2' WERE 'NSAMEJDTHERS EPILEPTICS, AND THE REMAINDER MORMAL
-56 INSANE CWLDREN AND 5 4- OTHER.
EPILEPTICS OR NORMAL
of 230 children in this
generation 1jt were insane
thyroid glands in tb hop that It will
improve their physical and mental con
ditions. These glands, which are ob
tained from sheep and other animals,
are fed to the children three times a
day In "tablet form. The experiment
has been under way for about three
months, but at least a year must
elapse before any definite conclusions
can be reached as to its value. The
experiment is being made on the the
ory that some chemical element Is
missing from these children, and that
to correct their condition it is neces
sary to find out what this Is. These
studies are directed by Dr. W. S. Cor
nell, who Is in charge of the medical
Another selected group of 20 feeble
minded children of different grades
are being fed with the pineal gland,
also in the form of capsules. Their
condition is being compared with that
of 20 children of the same grade who
are not being given the gland. Very
little is known of the uses of these
ductless glands, but the discovery that
feeding the thyroid gland to the cre
tin type improves their condition has
led several investigators to believe
that the feeding of pituitary and
pineal glands may have similar effects.
The pituitary gland is situated near
the base of the nose. When It Is dis
eased it causes a disease commonly
known as giantism. The pineal gland
in a small conical structure found
above the third verticle of the brain.
Of course, these experiments may re
sult in nothing, but so far the results
have been most encouraging.
COULDN'T BE CONVERTED
- NORMAL J
XpxilvjnXii'll, WtWA normal
IITtdS II I Jj. I I , I II I ' - NORMAL. I
J72 OF THESE 342 CHILDREN
WERE INSANE .OTHERS EP1LEPTIC5.
206 INSANE DESCENDANTS
TRACED. AND 204 EITHER
EPILEPTICS OR NORMAL
How the ancestry of 1,146 brothers, sisters and cousins, of whom 580
were insane, others criminals or epileptics and the remainder normal, has
been traced back- through seven generations to the parent stock a sane
father and a feeble-minded mother.
In a founder of the family, a criminal
wha came to America in the latter
part of the seventeenth century, were
criminals, feeble-minded persons or
degenerates. This family being stud
led by Prof. Goddard shows an
even higher percentage of feeble-minded
members. Dr. Goddard has already
spent three years in compiling and
classifying the information about this
family, gathered by seven trained in
vestigators who have been constantly
In the field. Another year will elapse
before the record of every member
of tnefamily Is traced and the work
completed, but the facts gathered so
far enable Dr. Goddard to declare the
case of the Jukeses is not an isolated
one as many bave believed but a
typical one. In fact, every state In
the Union will furnish several fam
ilies, he declares.
For obvious reasons it is Impossible
to give toe name of the family, but in
1782 a young man of a proud New Jer
sey family wronged a feeble-minded
girl in the village near his home. Then
he went his way, married a gfrl of fine
family, reared children and died, high
ly respected, in 1837.
But the feeble-minded girl gave
birth to a son of feeble mind, and this
son became the father of 13 children,
seven of whom were idiots One of
the feeble minded sons married a
feeble-minded woman and all their
children were idiots. In the next gen
eration one of their feeble-minded
sons (to follow only one branch of the
.-family) fell in love with a feeble-minded
woman. Nobody prevented them
from marrying. They brought 11 chil
dren into the world. And one of their
Idiot daughters bore 11 children
And the last In the direct line of
horrors is a girl of 14 in the train
ing school at Vineland who has the
mind of a child of two. This, mind
yon, is tracing only one member of the
family in each feneration That one
youth who wronged that feeble-minded
girl more than a century ago became
the ancestor through her of 1,146 bo-
years' training. When they grow up
they can be placed in homes and
farms for feeble-minded adults. The
men can work in shops and on the
farms. The women can sew and work
in the orchards. . Many of them can
be permitted to return to their own
homes. The greatest danger today is
that feeble-minded persons when they
are allowed to return to their homes
bring more feeble-minded people into
the world. But unsexing them will re
move this danger and wtihin a few
decades the community will have to
deal only with the occasional feeble
minded child who is born to normal
We are not ready to adopt the old
Spartan custom of putting to death
the feeble-minded and the physically
unfit, although there are some per
sons who believe this should be done.
We cannot continue to house them.
The expense is already greater than
the state can bear. . We must put an
end to the breeding of feeble-mind
ed children as far as possible and
train those we have and those that are
bound to come to be self-supporting.
The training school at Vineland is
the only institution In America that
is scientifically and systematically
studying the problem of checking the
increase of feeble-mindedness. Elab
orate experiments are constantly be
ing conducted there with a view to bet
tering the condition of the Inmates,
wno number approximately 400. A
few years ago it was discovered that
the cretin type lacked the thyroid
gland, and that feeding them the thy
roid gland of a sheep produced a dis
tinct Improvement. It is now be
lieved. In fact, it has been demon
strated in many institutions, that if
the thyroid gland be fed to the cretin
type at an early age their efficiency is
greatly increased. x
At the present many feeble-minded
children of the Mongolian type ' (so
called from their slant eyes) are be
ing fed with pituitary glands and oth
ers with mixtures of the pituitary and
Pastor of Church Confesses His Inabil
ity to Pass a Counterfeit Sil
The minister walked solemnly to
the front of the platform, and after
gazing intently at the congregation
for some moments he cleared his
throat and spoke.
"I am sorry to have to announce,"
he said slowly, "that some member of
this congregation on Sunday last put
a counterfeit silver dollar In the con
tribution box. What his motive was
I know not.- He may have assumed
that for the heathen a spurious dol
lar was as good as a real one, but It
should not be understood that the
actual money we take In here does
not go directly to them, and I hope
that the individual who gave the
spurious coin will be good enough to
redeem it. I am sorry to have to
make the request, but the fact Is that
I have tried three times to pass the
dollar In question off myself, and In
every case unsuccessfully, wherefore
I consider that It is up to the donor
to make good."
"I am the guilty party, parson,"
said a little red-headed individual sit
ting In the third row of pews, rising
and taking a genuine dollar out of
his pocket. "I had hoped, sir, that
a man of your strong powers of ex
hortation, who has made a good man
out of such unpromising material as
myself, would be able to convert that
"You will please resume your seat.
Mr. Skinnerton," said the clergyman.
"The treasurer will negotiate the ex
change at the conclusion of the serv
ice. The ushers will now proceed
with the collection, and while they are
about it please let me say that, as be
tween counterfeit money and suspend
er buttons for the collection plate, I
most unquestionably prefer the latter,
The suspender button can be made
useful, but spurious money is not only
useless, but involves the clerical con
science in too great a strain, consider
ing the size of the average minis
terial salary." Harper's Weekly.
Found Granny's Hoard.
There is a certain class of persons
who never will trust their little for
tunes to banks the old blue teapot
or the woolen sock seems safer to
their, minds. And then, perhaps, there
is a miserly streak in their make-up
which encourages them to keep their
money at hand where they can actual
ly see it when they so desire. And
often circumstances are such that
these private hoards are lost and
money that might do good to needy
relatives and friends never comes to
light. Granny Krag of Fort Plain, N.
Y., loved her son Henry and his chil
dren. She always had been of a Bay
ing disposition, but when she died sud
denly on February 25 last relatives
had no idea what she had done with
her savings. On March 18 the house
cat chased a mouse under an old foot
stool that had often been used by
Granny as she sewed carpet rags.
The cat didn't catch Mr. Mouse; but
in reaching into a hole in the lining,
the cat drew out a $50 bill. Further
search brought to light $870 all
Granny's little hoard.
Soul in the Corporation.
A tramp who had been put off a
Rock Island train fell Into a vat of
boiling water while seeking a place to
Bleep. The whole train schedule was
disarranged in order that a special
train which rushed the tramp to &
hospital should have the right-of-way.
The soullessness of the soulless cor
poration has its frontier. It may be
without heart In the competition for
business, without conscience In gain
ing its earnings out of passengers and
shippers. But when the appeal of hu
man suffering is made to It. it can for
get that its policy Is to keep labor
at its lowest wage to pay for personal
hurt only If It must, to gouge and,
sometimes, to cheat. Where spontan
ea : impulses are generous there Is
no real danger that any policy of In
dustry, developed oat -of commercial
conditions, will ever become fixed
however profitable Its meanness and
cruelty may prove to be Toledo
Blade. - ,
Eczema All Over Baby's Body.
"When mr babv was four months old
his face broke- out with eczema and at
sixteen months of age his face, hands and
anna were in a dreadful state. The
eczema spread all over his body. We had
to put a mask or clotn over his face and
tie np his hands. Finally we gave him
tx4- c :n i - t u
he . was entirely cured. Today he is a
healthy bov." Mrs. Inez Lewis. Barine.
Hood's Sarsaparilla cures blood diseases
and builds up the system.
Get it today in usual liquid form or
chocolated tablets called Sareatabs.
Hillocks of Vegetation.
At this time of the year farmers are
busy making miniature mountains on
their holdings, mountains that will be
scattered over the countryside before
the winter Is over.
The mountains in question are those
formed of vegetable produce that must
be kept for several months, and sold
as occasion requires. Potatoes, beet
root, carrots and turnips are raised
from the ground In September and
The farmer calls his hillock of vege
tables a "clamp." He makes it on a
piece of high ground near the home
stead, so that it may not be flooded.
and many a big grower has clamps a
quarter of a mile long.
First, a shallow ditch is dug on the
piece of land selected. The base of this
is lined with straw, and upon the straw
the roots are heaped up firmly and
carefully, till they resemble an elon
Over the sides of the cone more
straw is laid, and on that again earth
or, better still, tufts, with their grassy
sides inwards. Bricks will not keep
out frost, but straw will, and a well
made clamp is frost proof, and also
ARE YOUR KIDNEYS WEAK?
There are two ways to tell if you
have weak kidneys. The first is
through pains in toe back. The sec
ond by examining the kidney secre
tions. If you sus
pect your kidneys,
begin using Doan's
Kidney Pills at
once. Mrs. J. L.
Warrick, 406 W.
Mulberry St., Le
banon, Ohio, says
No tongue can
tell the agonies I
suffered. My feet
and limbs were lifeless and there
were weeks when I could not put my
feet to the floor or stand alone. As a
last resort, I began using Doan's Kid
ney Pills. ' In six weeks I was as
free from kidney trouble as if I had
never had it."
"When Your Back Is Lame, Re
member the Name DOAN'S." 50c. a
box at all stores. Foster-Milburn Co.,
Buffalo, N. Y
When the World Was Made.
When Lottie returned from her first
visit to Sunday school she was asked
what she had learned.
"God made the world in six days,
and was arrested on the seventh day,"
was her version of the lesson impart
ImDortant to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for
Infants and children, and see that it
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
In London 900,000 persons are living
more than two in a room and 26,000
persons are living six or more in a
LEWIS' "SINGLE BINDER."
A hand-made cigar fresh from the
table, wrapped In foil, thus keeping
fresh until smoked. A fresh cigar
made of good tobacco Is the Ideal
smoke. The old, well cured tobaccos
used are so rich In quality that many j
who formerly smoked 10c cigars now :
smoke Lewis Single Binder Straight j
5c. Lewis' Single Binder costs tne ;
dealer some more than other 5c cigars, j
but the higher price enables this fac
tory", to use extra quality tobacco.
There are many Imitations; don't be
fooled." There Is no substitute! Tell
the dealer you want a Lewis "Single
"What do you think would - be a
good motto for the motorists?"
"Wrecks to the reckless!"
- Color of Butterflies.
The colors of "' botterftles ' are tn
fraenced by the temperature of the
air m which they live. -
Dr. Pierce's Pellets. smalL suear-eoated.
easy to take as candy, regulate and invigor
ate stomach, liver and bowels. Do not gripe.
Satda of ns eniilrl wmn onr pnfwl rgn.
olutlons In cotton, and even then they
would get broken.
Hrs. Window's Soothing Sjr-up for Children
teething;, softens the sums, reduces Infl&mnu-
Uoa, auiays psan, cures wind colic, Z5c m bottle.
Don't cry unless there's some one
around with a tear mop.
We strongly urge you
first of all. It "will give
the greatest satisfaction.
IT IS FOR P00B APPETITE
A trial will convince you.
FOX COLDS AND HEADACHES, INDIGESTION AND SOUR
STOMACH. CAS AND FERMENTATION. CONSTIPATION AND
BILIOUSNESS. WITH MOST SATISFACTORY RESULTS.
C 1 B 1 ! I I1D1IWI X
3 ItlfflBS ICt"JinaZ J
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
IN THE CIRCLE
ON EVERY PACKAGE 0FTHE GENUINE
THE WONDERFUL POPULARITY OF THE GENUINE SYRUP
OF FIGS AND EUX1R OF SENNA HAS LED UNSCRUPULOUS
MANUFACTURERS TO OFFER IMITATIONS. IN ORDER TO
MAKE A LARGER PROFIT AT THE EXPENSE OF THEIR
CUSTOMERS. IF A DEALER ASKS WHICH SIZE YOU WISH,
OR WHAT MAKE YOU WISH. WHEN YOU ASK FOR
SYRUP OF FIGS AND ELIXIR OF SENNA, HE IS PREPAR
ING TO DECEIVE YOU TELL HIM THAT YOU WISH THE
GENUINE, MANUFACTURED BY THE CALIFORNIA FIG
SYRUP CO ALL BFI IABI F DRUGGISTS KNOW .THAT
THERE IS BUT ONE GENUINE AND THAT IT IS MANU
FACTURED BY THE CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO ONLY
NOTE THE NAME
! null il I mi j 1 1 tt I'j 1 1 j :m
PRINTED STRAIGHT ACROSS. NEAR THE BOTTOM. AND IN
THE CIRCLE. NEAR THE TOP OF EVERY PACK ACF, . OF THE
GENUINE ONE SIZE ONLY. FOR SALE BY ALL LEADING
DRUGGISTS REGULAR PRICE 50c PER BOTTLE.
ESS if i
i cWTAlNssUt riift' IS (t
1 CEWT- WUCOMOt jji I '
SYRUP OF FIGS AND ELIXIR OF SENNA IS ESPECIALLY ADAPTED TO THE NEEDS OP
LADIES AND CH1CDREN. AS IT IS MILD AND PLEASANT GENTLE AND EFFECTIVE, AND
ABSOLUTELY FREE FROM OBJECTIONABLE INGREDIENTS. IT IS EQUALLY BENEFICIAL.
COR WOMEN AND FOR MEN. YOUNG AND OLD FOR SALE BY ALL LEAWM1 DRUGGISTS,
ALWAYS BUY THE GENUINE.
California Fig Syrup Cq
Scientifically constructed to give
most light for the oil they burn. :
Easy to light, clean and rewick.
In numerous finishes and styles, each tbe
best of its kind.
Awk your dealer to show yoa bis line of Rays Lamps and
Lanterns, or write for illustrated booklets direct
to any agency of tbe
.Standard Oil Company
By a Trust
Come join the merry throng of pleased
gunners who have quit seeking for the one
best ammunition because they've found it.
If yoa are a judge of ammunition, Robin Hood will be a
re-relation to yoa. Instead of a big; explosion that wastes
half tbe force on "kick" oar smokeless powders barn pro-s-ressively
ail along; the barrel and give the load a tremen
dous velocity as it leaves the gun.
Prove for yourself that R. II. shoots farther, gets there
quicker and hits harder. Get our Shot Shells or Metallic
Cartridges from your dealer and make a note of results.
Send for our interesting; booklet.
ROBIN HOOD AMMUNITION CO.
Cth. STREET, SW ANTON, VT.
W. L. DOUGLAS
2.50, 3.00, '3.50 & M.00 SHOES
Men and Women wear WJ-Dongiaa shoes
beennsn they are the best shoes produced in
this coamtiy for the price. Insist upon har
ms; tnem. 1 alee no otner -
THE STANDARD OF QUALITY
FOR OVER 3Q YEARS
The assurance tat goes with an csbtb
reputation n your assurance in buying
W.L. Douglas shoes.
If I could take you into my large factories
at Brockton, Mass., and show yoa how
carefully W JDouglas shoes are made, you
Would then understand whv thev are war
ranted to bold their shape, fit better and
wear longer than any odWniake for the price
CAUTION n rM bsm W. X Donrlai
oossui w. u. uonglas sboes in ONE FAIR of my BOYS7 a, siio or
OOPaiAg, ls Spngsi Bt, stroefctosy Maw. famt Odor lf U4 CatuZmely.
Mm H sP" 54 sTm E5 G '-rTJaTl
m uv m -tit w ii 9
wny wait xor im oia larra to Dccome
in nen lanrti -rjijin now to
prepare for your future
Sruoiwniy una inaepen
cnee. A. great oppor
tunity awn its yoa In
or Alberta, where yoa
stoad or to try land ax rea
o. a year from now,
wben land will be bigb
fer. Itie-uroflts iMnrcd
from tbe abundant crop of
W hftt tas.t.M and Hnrlfiv.
aa well as cattle raising, are
can sins A steady advance in
f i rice. GtOTermnent returns snow
bat the number o settlers
In Wee torn snds from
the 17. H wan t4 per cent
larjrer in ltXO thaa Use
prrvi o-ney ea r.
Many farmers have paid
ror their lajidk out of the
proceeds of one crop.
Free Homenteadn of 160
aftces sand prj-emption of
1 BO acres at 3.00 an acre.
Fine climate, frood school,
excellent railway faeilitftc,
low freight rates; wood, wa
ter and lajuber easily ob
tained. - For pamphlet MLart Best West,"
parUcuJarsaa to Bultable location
and low settlers rate, apply to
Hupt of Immigration, Ottawa,
Ca.xu, or to Canaaian GoTt Aent.
W. H. SOGERS ' I
125 W. Ninth SU Kassas City. Mo.
Please write to t)yp merr-nt rumi-mit yon
Trappwg Time Is Soon Here
SoGct Posted We Furnish Free Correct?
Quotations on Ry FURS
A POSTAL CARD
NO COMMISSION CHARGED
a WE ARE DIRECT BUYERS
' TmeHooseTHat Rareiy Loses a 5hippe
LOTZ BROS.II3I15 ELM StST.LoutS
W. N. Kansas City, No. 42-1911.
PUTNAM' FADELESS DYES
Color more goods brighter sm faster colors than tayothcrdye. Qua 10c parlragg colors all fibers. They dye in cold water better than airy other dye. You can
ay any garment wkhont ripping apart. Writ- for free booklet How to Dye. Bleach and Mix Colors. MONROE DRUG COWPaNY, Qslacy, III.
xml | txt