Review of Jthe World's Eveflts
THE venerable chief of the Hopi
Indians of Arizona faced the
president of the United States
and eloquently entered a plea
that his people might be allowed to re
turn to the old order of things. In
that meeting there -was tragedy a pa
thetic tableau that vividly pictured the
dying past yielding to the Inexorable
"My people want to live as in the
days that are gone," the gray old chief
Is reported to have said. "They don't
want schools and teachers. They want
to be let alone and to live as they wish,
to roam free without the white man
always there to tell them what they
can do and what they cannot do. to
live as they did when the land was
From the abode of his tribe In the
desert he had gone to enter a protest
against the tyranny of civilization. He
stood In the presence of the great
white father, hoping for some permit
to return to the old nomadic life and
But his long. Journey was futile, his
quest was in vain, for the president
explained that the schools could not
be abolished and that' the teachers
must continue their work.
"See Europe if you will, but see
America first." That is the Idea Gov
ernor Austin Zu Crothers of Maryland
is endeavoring to spread broadcast
throughout the country In his move-
Copyright by American Press Association.
Governor Crothers of Maryland, Who
Says "See America First."
ment to induce the governors of other
states of the Union to send representa
tives and exhibits to a convention In
Baltimore this month for the purpose
of advertising America's attractions.
Governor Crothers has addressed let
ters to the executives of other states
In which he invites them "to bring ex
hibits showing your attractions in trav
el and sightseeing." Governor Croth
ers points out that hundreds of mil
lions of dollars are spent annually by
Americans in foreign travel and tens
of thousands of people go abroad con
stantly who really know very little
about their own country.
There's no gainsaying that the latter
statement is correct.
The American Histcrical society mot
for three days In New York beginning
Dec. 27. when several hundred authors
and teachers of history were present.
The society is In Its twenty-seventh
year. Its first president was Andrew
D. White, diplomat and scholar. The
American Association of "Science and
the American Economic association
convened on the same date.
CHANGES IN U. S. NAVY
Commander Philip Andrews, who
has Just risen from the position of aid
to the secretary of the-navy to that of
head of the bureau of navigation, was
born in New York and appointed from
New Jersey, entering the service In
18S2. Commander Andrews succeeds
Rear Admiral leginaW- F. Nicholson,
who In March will assume command
of the United States Asiatic fleet, re
lieving Rear Admiral Murdock.
A THOUSAND FOOT LINER
A 1.000 foot liner, the largest In the
world, with golf links, cricket field and
. tennis court, will be the latest develop-,
ment of the shipbuilding art. This
vessel, the Gigantic, is to be built at
Belfast, Ireland, at a cost of about $10,
000.000. She will carry more than 4.000
, passengers, but will not be an ocean
grey hound, but rather a seven day
boat. Every contrivance that twenti
eth century luxury can suggest will" be
provided for in constructing this latest
wonder of the seas.
With her advent will come a problem
pressing fo. solution namely, -that of
docking facilities, for there are not
many docks where a ship her size can
t , t .
The third and fourth divisions of the
Atlantic fleet rendezvous at Hampton
Roads this week preparatory to the
departure for Guantanamo by for
winter maneuvers and practice. The
vessels of the two divisions are the
Minnesota. Mississippi. Virginia. New
Jersey, Ohio. Nebraska and Idaho.
Eighty colleges and universities, rep
resenting more than 100,000 students,
jrere interested in the annual meeting
of the National Collegiate Athletic as
sociation, -which took place Dec 28 In
New York city. "The Military Value
of Athletics to a Nation" was the
subject of an address by General Leon
ard Wood, chief of staff United States
army; "Collegiate Athletics , From the
Viewpoint of the President of a Univer
sity" was the subject of another ad
dress by Chancellor McCormlck of the
University of Pittsburgh and "The In
fluence of Collegiate . Athletics Upon
Preparatory "Schools" was discussed
by Professor Scudder of Rutgers, pre
' . t '
Among the notable benefactions of
last year, which Is more interesting be
cause made by a woman,, was the gift
of $1365,000 by the late Mrs. Mary
Atkins of Kansas City. Of this' large
sum $1,300,000 is to be devoted to an
art museum. Donations . of." 665,000
for religious and "charitable -"purposes
complete the sum. ,
While from the nature of things do
nations by women cannot be expected
to approximate the very, largest' by
men, the names of women are appear
ing more and more In the contribu
tions to benevolences. The list of the
principal benefactors In 1910 Included
gifts from more than thirty American
women. The largest amount In the
list was $2,000,000 from Mrs. Amander
W. Reid of Portand. Ore., for the es
tablishment of a college.
While the employers liability and
workmen's compensation committee is
ready With its final report "to congress
regarding the plan to insure compen
sation to Injured employees, it is like
ly that It will need a week for delib
erations In executive session. The
committee was allowed until Jan. 1 to
make its final report. Senator Suther
land of Utah is chairman of the body.
A MUNICIPAL PAWN SHOP
Lat year marked the fiftieth anni
versary of the Moscow city pawnshop,
and the city council prepared a most
Interesting review of the activity of
this undertaking. .
The pawnshop accepted In pawn for
the period 5.SC0.320 articles, valued at
$27,107,124. the average value of each
article being thus approximately $5.15.
Redemptions of pledges totaled $24,
252,791. while 215,070 articles, worth
$9.7S2,005, were sold at auction, and
45,107 pawns, valued at $503.3S2. were
left with the shop. The gross income
of the pawnshop for the fifteen years
equals $2,1SG,119. the expenses being
$2,055.S54. from which $1,325,113 was
expended for maintenance, the balance
being payment of interest on the capi
tal. During the first eight years the shop
continually lost money, the total reach
ing $54,380. The only year which
brought profit wns 1900. when $900
was made. Beginning with 1904 and
up to 1910. inclusive, the operations of
the pawnshop showed profit. I li 1004
the profit was $7,333; in 1905, $9,007:
In 1909. $57,503. and In 1910. $45,804. .
In 1910 there were 551.932 pawns,
valued at $3,121,341. of which 532.058.
worth $2,913,908, were . redeemed.
Compared with 1909. there were 7.315
fewer articles pawned, but the capital
Invested was $109,431 more, while the
pawn redemptions were greater by
. t K
AN AMERICAN MENDER
When the shar- o Persia made an
appeal to the United States to please
recommend some capable person -to
go to the former country and whip its
currency system into shape somebody
at Washington decided William Mor
gan Shuster was just the man. The
president was impressed with Shuster's
qualifications, and so It came about
Copyright by Clinedinst.
William Morgan Shuster, Persia's
Treasurer. General. - - -(
that, accompanied by four other Amer
icans, he set out to repair Persia's dol
lar difficulties. . And be soon made
astounding headway in his work, such
astounding headway, in fact, that Rus
sia and Great Britain began rubbing
Shuster, who is only thirty-four
years old. has attained a unique dis
tinction in being the only individual
in a like situation against whom a large
empire has warred, for Russia has
been warring against William Morgan
Shuster, but he wouldn't budge a
f : ;
J - . :
Congested Population In Cities a
Menace to Country's Welfare.
MAIL ORDER PLAN RUINOUS.
Whatever Is Needed to Supply Needs
of Households In Rural Communities
Should Be Bought-Over the. Counter
Co he Local Merchant,
' There are many - country merchants
who see their trade gradually slipping
away , from them, leaving the country
town and going to the great cities by
the channel of the mall order trade.
There are many country editors who
see the prosperity of their towns de
pleted and circulation and advertising
income' reduced for the same reason.
t .There . are very few, however, . who
realize that their problem is a national
one and that It is wrapped up In and
a part of the great fundamental ques
tion whether this nation shall be per
petuated or shall be destroyed by the
physical degeneration of humanity, the
social unrest, industrial discontent, mor
al and political corruption and class ha
tred bred in the city slums and tene
ments and certain to culminate in an
archistic crimes, riotous mobs and all
destroying social upheavals as the re
sult of. some long continued period of
industrial and commercial depression,
reasons Maxwell's Talisman.
The fact is that the upbuilding of the
country town- and suburban village- a
an antidote and safeguard against the
poisonous . social. " moral, physical and
political consequences of herding mil
lions of our .working people togetlier lu
the unnatural congested life of the ten
ements is. the one great question that
rises above all others in importance as
a problem that this nation must solve.
Unless it does solve it It .will suffer
death - from human degeneracy the
fate of so many nations and civiliza
tions that have rlsfen in the pnst only
to be destroyed. Ours will be likewise
destroyed unless we take heed in time.
The danger arises from the conges
tion of population in cities and from
- The solution lies in checking the fur
ther growth of cities at the homes of
Industrial workers and scattering those
homes Into and among suburban home
croft villages and In ' country towns
and rural settlements.
To do that trade and Industry must be
decentralized. Industries of all kinds
must be established in the suburbs of
the cities or In the towns instead of In
the congested centers. That is some
thing thnt requires an organized cam
paign, but first it requires a current of
right thought in the minds of the peo
ple. . - ..
It requires that everything should be
done that can bedone to hold in the
existing towns nnd villages the trnde
that now naturally centers there. Any
part of it. small or large, that is di
verted to any of the huge central mall
order centers in the big cities and
thereby taken away from the locality
where it originates and belongs is an
influence that promotes Just to that ex
tent the growth of the evil that is eat
ing at the heart of our national life.
Whatever Is required to supply the
needs of every household Jn every rural
community should be sold over the
counter of a local store and not through
the postoffice and the mall trade.
Then comes . the question of ' the
growth of towns and villages. There
Is where the country editors" and mer
chants can help themselves. Once get
it Into the minds of the whole Ameri
can people that the salvation of the na
tion depends on the upbuilding of the
country towns and suburban villages
get the idea planted and deeply root
ed so it will grow Itself and a than-
sand Influences will enter the field nnd
enlist for this great campaign for rural
and country town and village develop
ment to check the overgrowth of cities.
with all its resultant evils.
It cannot all be done at once. The
first thing is to get public thought ac
tively aroused and turned into right
channels. There must be a complete
common conception In the minds of
millions of people of this new national
ideal. Then there must be united, con
certed and vigorous action to , realize
that ideal. The facts and arguments
to support it must be disseminated
through a great educational campaign.
entirely separate and apart from poll
tics. ATTRACT YOUR CUSTOMERS.
Keep the Dollars at Home by Proper
Display of Goods.
The 'way to keep the boys and girls
at home Is to make home attractive to
them. The way to keep dollars at
home is to make home attractive to
the dollars. There is no other way.
Our local merchants should make
their trade attractive. This means that
they , should play up their", goods, just
as a newspaper plays up a story. Goods
can be played up in many ways. Ad
vertising in the local paper- and dis
playing in the store window are two
good ways. Another 'good, way is to
make the store attractive, inside and
Another Is to convince customers that
they are getting 'honest . values. Still
another is to "have the thing the cus
tomer wants, make him feel that you
are trying to serve him and accommo
date him and not merely trying to
benefit yourself. Yet another and most
important of all Is to organize for the
betterment of the community, arouse
the public spirit and local pride and
educate the people in the Inestimable
benefit to everybody of building up
their own town and their own neigh
borhood. . ;
ABUSING THE SOIL IS A
SURE - ROAD TO POVERTY:
Improper Tillage Is the Mark of a Poor,
Improvident Farmer and an Un- . .
A man has no more right to abuse
the soil than he has to abuse his team
of horses or his family. And. further
more, the farmer who insists upon
growing " wheat . and only wheat .. one
year after another Is entitled to fail
ure and through such' failure rids the
country of the abuse of its greatest
natural resources. Those are the views
of President J. H. Worst of the North
Dakota Agricultural college.
"The systematic farmer is usually a
successful farmer," President Worst
says. "The man that farms without
system seldom makes a glowing -success."
..The all wheat farmer has no
system in the accepted sense and will
ultimately fail. He should fall ; '- not
that any one should predict or desire
another's misfortune, but the soil Is
abused by the one crop farmer, and he
should fall In order to rid the country
of the abuse of Its greatest natural re
source. .Generations yet unborn will
depend as much upon the soli for sus
tenance as the man that originally filed
on It or that Is now farming it.
"The systematic farmer works out a
system by which he may so diversify
his crops as to employ his time some
what evenly throughout the year; that
he may maintain, even Increase, the
fertility of his land; that he may de
stroy weeds and otherwise conserve
moisture and by thus using his mental
faculties as well as his hands prevent'
the many evils that befall . the. hapy
"In the long run." President , Worst
Lord Mar. Champion : Guernsey "Bull
Y-ts -Mjv; "'V Sy"ft 'esti -
srt v .? if! s ht. - v
Probably no bull on earth has attracted so much attention in recent years
as Lord Mar, the Guernsey bull that has been exhibited at all the leading dairy
shows of England and America without ever being defeated. - He Is owned by
W.- W. Marsh of Waterloo, Ial Thousands of miles have been traveled by
lovers of great dairy animals to-see this wonderful bull and bis progeny, and,
although he has retired from the ring, his sons are now-busily engaged in tak
ing home the ribbons. Guernsey island, where Lord Mar was bred, is a small
stretch of land about the size of an .American "township. For years the in
habitants have bred on the island only one class of cattle known the world
over ns the Guernseys. Lord Mar Is said to be the greatest bull that was ever
produced on the island. ";"."'.:.'.
continued, "sufficient moisture to sup
ply the growing crop throughout . the
spring and summer months Is the de
termining factor that governs the size
and certainty of the harvest. - One
farmer plows four inches deep, when
he gets ready, and uses a drag Just
enough to smooth the surface. He
sows the remnant of wheat that is left
over after selling what can be spared
and depends upon Providence to water
his fields as the crops may need it. : His
neighbor plows eight Inches deep as
early -as .possible, following the plow
with a subsurface packer.' and the
packer with the drag the same" day.
If It rains the water oil goes Into the
soli, because he has prepared a place
for its reception. Then he. drags the
field again to bold the water in the
soil. He selects only plump, perfect
seed for sowing, having previously
thoroughly cleaned and graded it.
During the early part of the growing
season he uses the Jdrag as often ' as
the dashing rains form a crust over
the ground and keeps weeding or drag
ging the fields until the grain eventual
ly shades the soil.
"The bugaboo of too much work" Is
sheerest fallacy. The extra draggings
and the extra disking' will not cost to
exceed $l:an acre. Farming 'any old"
way costs, counting interest on invest
ment, seed and labor, approximately
$7 an acre. By applying the additional
$1 worth of labor to each acre the
chances are as good for getting a dou
ble profit as for getting any profit with
out the extra $1 worth of labor. - Thus
half the profits may be credited to
about one-seventh or one-eighth the
total cost of , production.' St. Paul
Count loose hay at about five pounds
per cubic foot, stacked hoy or that in
a mow. - when settled, about ' eight
pounds per -cubic foot and baled hay
twelve to fourteen ' pounds per cubic
foot, - , .' "
MACHINERY COMMON SENSE.'
, In his book on rural economics
Professor R. N. Carver of Har
vard university elves . a few
facts relating to: the annual de
preciation of farm machinery
; .and Incidentally takes . up the
question of rational or Irrational
; methodi cf i purchasing machln-
- ery. Among other . things Pro
;' fessor Carver says:
It Is a notorious fact that farm
- machinery deteriorate very rapid
' ly. and the coat of deterioration wilt
aurprlae any farmer who has not
. kept accounts over a period of
. year. According- to investigations
- carried on by the Minnesota experl-
- ment station over a period of Ave
years, the average annual -deprecl-
atlon of farm machinery ' was 7.3
. per cent. The estimates vary with
- different implements from 4.89 per
- ' cent for -farm . wagons to 10.03 per
' cent for corn binders. Therefore
the farmer needs to calculate very
. carefully before buying an ex-
- penBive machine to make sure that
- he has use enough for It to give
" him a safe margin of profit over
I ' any probable coBt in the way of tn--.terest.'
maintenance, repairs and de
. terioratlon. . He. must be able to see
-; pretty ' definitely just ' where he is
' going to get his money back that
is. where he will save enough in his
wages bill if he is an employer of
. - labor or where he will Increase the
- product of his farm enough to rec-
- ompense him for his outlay, with a
safe margin of profit to cover possl-
ble miscalculation. However, over
. caution in this direction Is as bad
- as too little caution. While too llt-
- tie caution wilt bring speedy bank
' ruptcy, too much perpetuates back-
ward or .unprogresslve methods of
. agriculture? and toilsome and mo
notonous drudgery In the life of the
- farmer. Having made a careful cal
' " culation and- having satisfied hlm
' self that the probable gain will ei-
ceed the probable loss, the farmer
-"must not hesitate to invest even If
he has to borrow heavily in order
to do so. . ' - . .
- Care of the Hogs. -
A little salt sprinkled with coal ashoe
is much relished by the hogs.
Warm hog houses are cheaoer then
corn, and cold takes off fat. . .
:. In order to insure uniform erawth
the pigs should -toe fed when all of
tnem are at the trough.'
Lice are frequent causes of nnthrmi.
ness with fall pigs. Whenever nits or
nee are seen tne pigs should be dipped
at ten day Intervals or else eivon
coatlmr of crude nil unniiui
"broom.. . ..
Currant Bushes In Winter.
Currants need little protection In
most climates except from deep snows,
which " sometimes break down ho
branches when settling in the spring.
nusaes may te protected frord such
injury by simply tying them together
with light rope or binding twine tight
ly enough to hold them up straight so
that the snow cannot bend them down
and break them.
- Cabbage For 8pring Use.
. A correspondent of the Kansas
Farmer states that the large. . loose
cabbage heads which he formerly sav
ed for the chickens and cows are now
pulled with as much soil hanging to
the roots as possible, placed In a -deep
trench, covered with a board and some
litter, and they come out crisp and
firm in the spring, when they are fine
- Use ef Blood Meal ror Calves.
A little blood meal, commencing
with a teaspoonful and gradually in
creasing to a , tablespoonf ul at each
feeding, is said, to have beneficial re
sults with "calves- that are not doing
very well, but : as this - meal contains
about 00 per cent of digestible protein
it would hardly seem to-be a proper
complement -.to sklcnmilk for continu
ous feeding.' . II A
By ' LOUISE M. JOHNSON.
. I doubt if there is more truth in any
aphorism than in The least said the
soonest mended. only if I had written
It I would have put It. "Let the other
fellow show his hand before showing
yours. or. as applied to connubial dif
ferences: Not only give your wife the
last word, but give her the first, and
be particular that she takes it Not
only that, keep on giving it to her till
she hangs herself with her own roe."
Sam Abert adored bis wife, but be
had no more conscience In his dealings
with her than an Italian bandit. .
-"What put that into your head, old
man?" I asked. ' .
"Well, the other day my old chum
Billy Perkins asked me if I couldn't
take a night off for the theater, and so
forth. I tola him I would.- I'd been
out a great deal without Etfle Just be
fore 'that. and ; I knew she'd object
What did I do? Have a long powwow
with her about it." with such-words
and phrases as 'neglect,', .'shameful
treatment!" 'you ought to be ashamed
of yourself." and ail that. Not I
Just says: My love. I'm awful. sorry,
but I shall be detained downtown to
night - late by business. Don't sit up
for me. , Then I kiss her more affec
tionately than usual and go to the of
"As luck would have it. some of her
friends during the day telephoned her
an invitation to go to the same theater
where Billy and I were going, and.
knowing she was to be alone at home,
she accepted; Billy and I were sitting
down in the bnldheaded - row ; when,
glancing aside into a proscenium box.
I saw, the party, filing into it and my
wife take a chair where she could rake
me with both eyes. ' " - .
"I kissed my hand to her, but after a
look of surprise she paid no more -attention
to me than If I were one of the
supes on the stage. I knew I'd meet
a cyclone when I got home and bad
plenty of time to think matters over.
When a man gets caught that way It's
a great ' mistake to flounder around
among a lot jof Improbable excuses.
There's two ways of working it one
owning up and the other way. I chose
the other way. I -assumed an air of
one badly treated, but too noble mind
ed to defend " himself. I didn't say" a
word. I simply looked at her reproach
fully. "Xow, that piqued her curiosity. You
see, when a woman sets up an Idol she
doesn't like to have it shattered. She
had put me on a beautiful white mar
ble pillar, and I didn't propose to come
down. She couldn't realize that I would
deliberately do what I had dona with
out a reason. Since I gave her no rea
son, why, of course, she began to fig
ure one out for herself ; but not being
able to do it, she got madder than
"Andrews of Howe & Andrews hapi
Dened to have sat in-the aeat dtrertrv
in front of me at the theater. An
drews is in the same business as I, and.
I have known him for years. I leaned;
forward several times and ; talked" to
him about a soubrette on the stage.
She was pretty as a picture,, and An-,
drews. who knew "the stage manager.)
offered to take me behind the scenes j
between the third and fourth acts and'
introduce me, an offer I - accepted J
When the curtain fell at the appointed
time Andrews and Billy and I got up
and went out together.-
"Well. Effle kept up a pretty sharp:
thinking as to the cause of my "brutal'
deception. I saw something was work-'
Ing and Just declined . to come down'
from my high horse and crawl' on my;
stomach. Instead I: said nothing about
the" matter between us, confining my-;
self to 'Yes. dear, and 'No,, dear,' ;con-'
fident that If I. let her alone long
enough she'd work out my salvation :
lor-me ana save me the trouble, -.At'
last it came out one morning while we
we're at the breakfast' tables
."'Frank.' she said. 'I want you to
tell me one -thing. Where did yon
three men irr rhpn vmi ctt - nn eml
went out of the theaterr v AT
"Not knowing but that she'd got. on 1
to . my going behind the scenes and .
for what purpose. 1 winced inwardly.
Outwardly I was game. 'I suppose.'. I
replita calmly, 'you think we went oat
. " 'No. she said; 'knowing that yo
and Mr. Andrews are in the same busi
ness, I did not know but that you,
went to the theater on purpose to meet'
him for a business conference.
. "That put the beautlfulest Idea into
my head you ever saw. I recalled
that Andrews and I had been trying
some time before to sell the". Scrim
mons estate, a 20O foot lot on Main
street, for $500,000. We'd failed, and
I had forgotten all about It . But it
gave me a tip nil the same.
" 'EtHe. I said composedly, -don't yosi
know that some of the biggest busi
ness deals are ctected in that very
. "She looked down under my honest
gaze. , nnd I saw that she was very
much ashamed of herself. Seeing that
she had kept me at swords point for
several days-by the want of faith In'
me. her lip trembled, and she burse
into tears. . . " , ,
"Going to her. I took her to my man
ly bosom and said: -
" 'Don't trouble yourself any more )
about It. sweetheart 'You have mf
entire forgiveness. ' )
He rolled a cigarette and lighted tt
In his quick way. giving the match a
shake and throwing it -away, evident-)
ly quite proud of his exploit
"Sam." I said, "do you know wha'
you are especially fitted forr " I
"What a big diplomatic mission r I
"No: to light the streets with .
of'tar on you. ..'.'
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