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Review of the World's Events
A Discussion of Timely Farm Topics BITS OF GOOD VERSE. I IORD KITCHENER Is present at the consecration of Khartum cathedral this week, when the bishop of London presides. His beautitude Cyril V., the Coptic patri arch of Egypt and one hundred and twelfth successor of St. Mark the evan gelist in the see of Alexandria, is an other distinguished attendant at the ceremonies. The present city of Khartum, capi tal of Egyptian Sudan, is Lord Kitch ener's creation. It is said he roughly drewthe plans on the sandy beaches for the -rebuilding of "Chinese" Gordon's city, now the fairest in all central Af rica. Khartum was the objective point of Lord Kitchener's triumphant ad vance In 1898 and the place of "Chi nese" Gordon's death at the hands of the mahdi. Just across the Nile on the morning of Sept. 2. 1898, the British and Egyp tian allied forces under Sirdar Kiteh-erner-met the followers of the mahdi under the khalifa. Kitchener had about 22,000 men, and there were some 50,000 dervishes, the finest fighting na tives of Africa. In the battle, which lasted hardly four hours, the machine guns killed 13,000 dervishes and wounded 15,000. The British casual ties were forty-eight killed and 42S wounded. Thus was "Chinese" Gordon avenged, the power of the "mahdi bro ken forever and the march of civiliza tion from Cairo to Cape Town relieved of its most serious native obstruction. ONE SENATE VACANCY New senators to Washington having been chosen by the newly admitted states of Arizona and New Mexico, the only vacancy is from Colorado, in which state R. W. Speer has with drawn from the race. The likely Alva Adams, Who Is United States Senate Possibility. democratic United States' senator is former Governor Alva Adams, Demo cratic national committeeman, who has been prominently identified with Colorado's political affairs for many years. The legislature will not convene for Its regular session until 1913, but a special session may be called mean time by Governor Shafroth. CENTENARIES The year 1912 is sprinkled with his torical centenaries. The bicentenary of the birth of Frederick the Great is Jan. 24. Lovers of Dickens will pay tribute to his memory on the one hun dredth anniversary of his birth, Feb. 7. Then come centenaries of battles, of American victories at sea. of the doughty deeds of the Constitution, the Wasp and the United States and of the prowess of our privateers. Around this time Russia will commemorate the breaking of Napoleon's power on the plains and the burning of Moscow. Toward the close of the year South America will celebrate the early suc cesses of Simon Bolivar, the liberator. Spain and England will remember Wel lington's successes at Ciudad Rodrigo, Bedojoz and Salamanca and his entry Into Madrid. t GAVE UNCLE SAM AN IDEA Professor Cleaveland Abbe, one of the foremost meteorologists in the world, was awarded recently the Sy mons gold medal for distinguished serv ice. He is connected with the United States weather bureau in Washington and now is In London, whither he went to receive the trophy of distinction. He Is In charge of the important work for the weather bureau's scientific station . at Mount Weather, Virginia. Professor - Abbe is a pioneer weather forecaster, having inaugurated in 1S69 a daily weather report for the Cincinnati chamber of commerce, which led the United States government to at once take up similar work. He entered the government service In 1ST1 and has served continuously. His works on meteorological matters are regarded as authoritative. t . t , TEST FOR INFANTRY A heroic test to show what may be expected by having an infantry com pany' at war strength march with an auto truck from San Francisco to New York was a suggestion in the report of A. W. Brewster, acting Inspector general. This report was what It was designed to be a criticism of any flaws found in the army in 1911. The inarching ability varied from post to . post, and an effort will be made to bring it to a higher standard. . s? BIGGER GERMAN NAVY The possibility that measures for strengthening the navy or the army, or both, will be submitted to the new reichstag as a result of the Interna tional crisis of last summer has arous ed Intense interest in the press and among the public. The army will also figure, although to a smaller extent, in the appropriations asked for. In connection with a published re port that a military bill which will add two entire corps to the army is to be introduced the Borsen Zeitung says that the building of the navy is re garded in authoritative circles as the more urgent measure and the reorgan ization of the army will be taken up only after what is necessary for the navy has been accomplished. A gen eral military bill is not to be expected for several years. e as ST. PATRICK'S DAY As a result of a decree of the pope issued last July in reference to holy days St. Patrick's day was taken off the list of Irish obligatory holy days on which Catholics are called upon to hear mass and abstain from unneces sary work. At the request of the Irish Catholic hierarchy, the holy see issued another decree which Is interesting to Irish people throughout the world. Accord ing to this, the feast of St. Tatrick will continue to be a holy day in Ire land, without, however, being preced ed by a day of fasting or abstinence. FOOTBALL In view of this being the time of the year when new football rules are discussed, recent comments by Train ers Donovan of Harvard, John Mack of Yale and Keene Fitzpatrick of Princeton are of interest. They de clared that under the football rules of 1911 the list of accidents on the grid iron was decreased. Said Trainer Don ovan: "Although Harvard had a number of minor injuries, perhaps more than in 1910, the extent of the injuries was not as great as in former years. Two of our players were out of the game for the season, one with a broken arm and another with a broken ankle, but either of these injuries could happen in any kind of game. Of course there will always be injuries in the game un der any kind of rules, but I think that the game as played today has cut the more serious injuries to a very great extent." Trainer Mack: "As long as there is football there will be small injuries, but the same can be said of any sport. During the past season we had a large number of men laid up with various injuries, such as muscle bruises or sprained ankles, but none was so seriously hurt as to cause any alarm. In my estimation the new style of game as played by the college teams offers less chance at injury than the old style." Trainer Fitzpatrick: "We had very few injuries at Princeton during the past football season. There is no question in my mind but that there are fewer injuries in the game as it is played today than under the old rules." I t OIL TRUST PENSIONS Stocks of the subsidiary companies of the Standard Oil company having been distributed, the stockholders of the corporation held their first annual meeting under the rearrangement of affairs at Bayonne, N. J., on Jan. 9. When the court decreed that the Stand ard and its allied interests must dis solve the 72.000 employees were ap prehensive that the change would abolish the pension system the Stand- am estaDiisnea several years, ago. Happily for them, this is not the case, the pension plan still being operative. t t A BUSINESS COURT George W. Perkins, financier and di rector of the United States Steel cor poration, has urged the senate Inter state commerce committee to establish in the commerce and labor department a business court, or controlling com- George W. Perkins, Who Suggests a New Government Department. mission, with power to license corpora tions doing interstate or International business. Violation of regulations laid down by such a commission, be suggests. should be punishable by imprisonment of Individuals rather than by revoca tion of licenses. Mr. Perkins' Idea is that in the be ginning only broad principles be laid down, with a view to elaborating and perfecting them as conditions require. " 1 V J The Beauty of Youth. How beautiful la youth! How bright It Steams With lta illusions, aspirations, dreams! "Book of Bes1nnrass." "Story Without ' End," Each maid a heroine and each man a friend! Aladdin's lamp and Fortunatue' purse That holds the treasures of the universe! All possibilities are in its hands. Mo dancer daunts It, and no foe with stands. In Its sublime audacity of faith. "Be thou removed!" It to the mountain salth And with ambitious feet, secure ' and proud. - Ascend the ladder leaning on the cloud! Lonzfftllow. A Farmyard Lay. I've fed 'em lime; I've fed 'em hay. I have a time n " To make 'em lay. They do not seem To kindly take To custard, cream Or angel cake.. They fill their crops. They eat away. But there it stops; They never lay. When I s;et vexed I'm pretty mean; I'll feed 'em next On paris green. Louisville Courier-Journal. The Secret of the Hills. Keen is the air and calm; the black frost chills Earth to the bone, and winter twilight dies Slow In a west of smoldering pageantries. The heaven in tense, still expectation thrills. Aloof and silent brood the ancient hills: Their age long- taciturnity defies The fruitless questioning of curious eyes, But our unsated craving never stills. Man's sense is clouded. Vainly he aspires Their mighty hidden secret to behold. Not till his eager spirit he can mold To their unquestioning stillness shall he feel Their broad tranquillity his soul Infold, Their whisper soothe his restless heart's desires. Pall Mall Gazette. THEIR NATIONAL DRINK. Japanese Like Sake, Distilled Product of a Native Plant. Many believe that tea is the great national drink of the Japanese. This impression is not sustained by the facts, as those who have spent any time in Japan well know. Tea is drunk widely la the homes of the people of Japan, but tea is by no means a national beverage. Coffee in that land until quite recently was un known. Its introduction is due to American travelers and tourists. it now can be had in all the good hotels, where the fact early was appreciated that if the comfort and contentment of travelers from the Occident were to be considered coffee must be served. Even at that, however, the coffee is not al ways good, and to expect it outside of the well patronized hotels, where for eigners gather, would mean a disap pointment. Sake is the great national drink of the Japanese. This is the distilled product of one of the native plants, and it forms a pretty stiff drink for those unaccustomed to it. Sake is served in all'the tearooms and not in barrooms, where distilled liquors in this country usually are obtained. Do You Believe CATCHING THE DOLLAR. Try System of Getting and Spending at Home. In Ienver or thereabouts residesa bard who sometimes writes things witty and wise. One of his recent bite, which he heads "Tintinnabula tions," probably because it is a bid for the "tin," runs thus: A man who lived in Denver acquired the frugal habit Of when he saw a dollar loose he'd quick ly try to grab It, And once he got it In his jeans he'd much desire to spend it. And he had the cranky notion to Chicago he would send It. The dollars that he sent away he found he couldn't catch 'em.' Jor could he do the coaxing that in any way would fetch 'em. So he up and tried- the system of spending cash at home, sir. And he keeps on catching dollars as on Denver streets he roams, sir. The grammar and the rime may not be the best to be had, but the wit and wisdom are first rate. If every, man in the smaller town or city or out on the farm would take to heart the moral of this rime and spend at home the dollars he catches at' home there is no shadow of doubt that he and his family and all his family con nections and neighbors would profit thereby in the end and a long time before the end. The home caught dollar which be comes the home spent dollar instead of the Chicago sent dollar helps just a large round dollar's worth to build up the home community. This fact is as obvious as the nose on a bull dog's face. In fact, it barks at yon as you pass along the business streets and see stores and shops that suffer from lack of the trade that is theirs by every right that pertains to the matter of community life. A Watchword. Organization la the watchword of the day. It is the part of system. It means force and economy. A single twig can be easily bent and broken. A - bundle tied together has strength that defies the efforts of a giant. The same in organisation. One merchant, one tradesman in any line, cannot well bring about needed reforms. It requires united action, and this action can only be had when there is perfect and harmonious organization. - PROPER CARE OF HORSES DURING THE WINTER TIME Older Animals Can Take Care of Them selves, but Weanlings Require Bet tar Attention and Selected Feed. The horse, of all animals on the farm, needs the most exercise. He is grown for work and not to stand Jdle in the stable. Every farmer shonld always have at least one team, sometimes more, for active work. These, of course, should be stable fed and groomed and the. manure thrown out into the manure spreader or wagon box and hauled to the field. , But when horses are not in use take off their shoes, turn them out into a pasture in the stalk field; give them shelter from the worst blizzards and storms; give them hay or straw, what ever grain they will need, which is or dinarily not very much when they are doing nothing, and let them take care of themselves. A mature horse when not at work needs only the food of support. In other words, he needs simply to keep warm, and with the above mentioned THE MARE AND foods as fuel and the chance of exer cise he will keep warm enough. From considerable experience I have found that it is no trick at all to win ter horses if one has winter pasture, whether that be blue grass which has not been eaten off close, cornstalks or second crop clover. A horse will find the blue grass; no doubt about that. He has learned long since to paw the snow off and feast on the luscious grass, green as in the summer time, but not so abundant, which lies under neath. . . But it is not best to try to winter weanlings in that fashion. They need the exercise, the chance at the grass, but they should have some grain if they are desired to become fully devel oped horses. A colt should get plenty of protein in its ration. He is desired In Home Trade? ATTRACT TRADE. By Having Neat Stores and Ridding Yourself of Idlers. It is a general rule that people would rather trade at an attractive place than an unattractive one, at a clean place than a dirty one, at a place where they are treated courteously and made to feel at home rather than one where they are neglected and stared at by loafers. Many children, most women and some men do not feel comfortable in going into a store where a miscel laneous bunch of idlers is collected. LOAFERS DRIVE AWAY DOLLARS. A merchant may feel it discourteous to ask men of this stamp to stay away, but to allow them to remain is a great er discourtesy to his customers. A store is not a club or a hotel. - A tactful business man can rid his place of idlers without giving offense. There are ways of doing these things. This very question of a few loafers that congregate where they are a nuisance is a sore spot in many vil lages. The way to deal with a thing of that sort is the same way that is necessary to GET RID OF GRUM BLERS AND KNOCKERS, and that is to move things, get up" an optimistic spirit, show that you mean business and make the loafers, tbe grumblers and knockers ashamed of themselves. Then if they have not the decency to get out of the way go at them good naturedly, but vigorously and without gloves. Go at them because it is right and necessary to do so. Handled in the proper spirit' and without ill tem per, the whole community will ap plaud it, and even the loafers, the grumblers and the, knockers will them selves have a secret admiration for the chap who has the manhood to tell them the truth. . . Make the store tidy and presentable. CLEAN UP. and clean up the loafers along with other things that do not belong. The Lifeblood. Trade at home and keep the borne cash in circulation right around home. A bargain that dries up the lifeblood of the community by transfusing the blood to some other place is not so much of a bargain as it appears to the unthinking person. I -a-1 vr mm a. -wv to grow rat,her than to get excessively fat. 1 once fed my colts on straw and oats because I did not believe that it would pay to buy clover at the high price it was bringing, says' a cor respondent of Farm Progress. But I will never do it again. - They weighed less in the spring than J; hey did In the fall before. They made up for a part of the lost growth, but the rest was lost and gone forever. 'I sometimes give them a feed of oat straw or corn fodder, but their main feed is clover or alfalfa. As a rule,. I feed oats, although when on clover they ap parently do almost as well on corn. The suckling colt needs a , little pampering, especially those that have just been weaned. They miss the mother's milk, and a little bran or chop comes in very handy. Oilmeal is mighty good, not only for its value as a food, but also for its value as a conditioner. It helps to prevent worm troubles, to which young colts are sub ject, and keeps the digestive tracts in good condition. But if the colt gets worm troubles a teaspoonful of cop peras once in awhile helps to clean it out. i There is no need in allowing a horse to eat its head off during the winter, J - I-'. HER COLT. and particularly by feeding on forage, which is necessary for the cow or the ewe, but not necessary for the horse. Nor is there any profit in exposing horses to hardships without giving them food sufficient in quantity and quality. It is not necessary to say that horses should have good water in reach of them all the time. From the Week's GAe Return By ROBERT IN the days when Mexico was in a chronic state of revolution Sl gnor Herrero -lived on his hacien da, doing his best to avoid being entangled in any of the various strifes that succeeded one another for the possession of the government, for to be on the wrong side meant death. Dona Marina, Herrera's eldest daugh ter, was courted by Signor Juan Busta mente, a neighboring hacienda owner who had done a great deal to establish the government then in power. But Dona Marina loved Phillippo Mendoza, the son of a neighboring planter. Urged to give him up for Bustamente, through fear she consent ed, but not for long. She confessed to Bustamente her love for Mendoza and begged him to release her. He did so at once, with -many expressions of grief and wishes for her happiness. By this course Marina turned what had been feared for her father against her lover. Bustamente, thinking that if he got Mendoza out of the way Marina might yet become his wife, secretly accused his rival of plotting with one who was known (to be fo menting a new revolution. Mendoza was, arrested and taken no one knew where. As soon as the news of the arrest reached the Herreras, not suspecting Bustamente, Marina implored him to use bis Influence with the president in behalf of her lover. He promised to do so and set off at once to the capital ostensibly for the purpose. He knew very well that Mendoza would have been executed before his arrival, for be had so arranged it. There is a law In Mexico that one executed shall be left -where he falls till friends or relatives come and take away the body for burial- But at Men doza's execution there was no one to claim the body. Bustamente bad ar ranged that he be taken to a distant province, from which the news of his execution would be long in reaching his friends, especially Dona Marina. Mendoza was taken out in the gray of the morning and was stood up be fore eight soldiers, who at tbe word of command fired a volley at him. He fell. The commander of the firing par ty, took a look at the body and saw that it had several wounds in tbe tho rax and 'two in the head, any one of which might be expected to kill him. But Mendoza was not dead. Not At 144 I I 1 1 mini I I I I THE MAN AND THE FARM. - Farming is, fortunately for the world, one of those occupa tions the satisfactions of which do not depend on the amount of money, to be made in a year. There is first the satisfaction which comes from the owner ship of a tract of land. It is the most stable of investments, and a safeguard against numberless t If to the skill of the agricul T turlst the farmer adds the taste of an artist he finds it a joy in so directing the forces of nature along the lines of beauty as to make his farmstead and fields a series of pictures more alluring, than can be found in any gal lery. Farm Progress. FEEDING THE SOIL Pennsylvania Man's Idea on Properf treatment or r armors capital. -. In a letter to the Philadelphia Pressu a Pennsylvania man who signs him-J self W. H. J. says: The subject of "Food For the Soil" 1 important. A certain amount of com mercial fertilizer is well enough for a "starter" or stimulant for a crop just planted or beginning to grow, but there is nothing lasting in the best of them, as my observation runs. As a general thing, too, they are high in price. Take the same amount in barnyard manure, lime, gatherings from the chicken house, and hogpen, night soil, etc., any one of them, and you have a fertilizer of the crreatest enrichincr value and that will, I contend produce larger and better crops, especially when the soil is thoroughly cultivated. "Plow deep while sluggards sleep" i as true as gospel, and he who follows this ancient axiom is ' sure of good! crops, but he must first feed the soil with a plentiful supply of stable ma nure. This will enrich the ground be yond all other fertilizers, supplying necessary humus, without which but little success can be had. The cry that the soli is becoming exhausted is all nonsense. It is only Svhere little or no-', fertilizing substance is applied and the, earth becomes dry and hard from poor, infrequent and lazy cultivation that crops generally fail. The surface can not be stirred and worked over too much, especially during a drought.' Frequent working of the ground brings moisture from beneath to the roots of! the growing crop, causing it to put forth new life and thrive with greater vigor. , Of late years farmers have for some reason ceased the use of lime, a mis-i take that is regretfully to their loss. Budget of Fiction- of the Dead Y. CURTIS withstanding his wounds, after the firi ing party had marched away he re- vived. After making several efforts he got up and walked several miles to a hospital. s He could not keep the secret that he had not been executed, and word sooa reached those who had been charged with his execution. Fearing that theyj would 'be blamed for neglect, of dutyj they proposed to shoot him again, but before they could agree upon thla course the news of the strange case reached the governor of the province.) He had been on the bench, and the only thing in the world he respected was the law. He took the matter unJ der consideration, at last deciding-, that Mendoza had been executed, had' been 'reported dead and was therefore dead that is, he was dead in law. Therefore those who had been ordered! to execute him had nothing further to do with him. He was without legat existence in the republic of Mexico. One evening as Signor Bustamente was returning from a visit to the Her-' rera hacienda he heard a voice from bushes beside the road ordering him to halt. He stopped, and a man step ped into the road a short distance be fore him. His cheeks were hollowj his lips were thin, bis eyes were wildj his face was white. Bustamente aaw his rival, or what he considered hia rival's ghost. "Are you of the living or the dead? - "I am dead legally dead. But that you shall not again have me executed I am a firing party to execute you." ) The ghost raised a rifle and shot hia enemy dead. When Mendoza appeared at tbe Her-1 rera hacienda no one there knew what had become of him. He told the story of his execution and that he had exe-i cuted the man who had brought it about. His visit was brief, and no one except the Herreras knew that he bad been there. The slayer of Bustamente was never known. Soon after all this) occurred a new leader of the party op posed to the government arose, march-' ed to the capital, took It. executed every member of the government andl was proclaimed president. He waaf none other than Mendoza. When it was found that the new president was strangely given to par doning malefactors the people said, "How can one who is legally dead kill others?" But in this his wife Marina had a hand.