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WESTERN KANSAS WORLD
H.S. GIVLER, Publisher. WA KEENEY 1 . .KANSAS STREET CAR MANNERS. It will be difficult to fit drawing room amenities upon street car . crowds, though, one might wish some code of ethics possible of enforcement upon the latter. It is one of the anom alies of city life that men, and some times even women, will perform man ners in a street car they would never countenance elsewhere. All of which, conspire to the annoyance and discom fort of riding In a car which other wise might be made very enjoyable. The pay-as-you-enter trolley Is admir ably adapted to the absorption of much that is undesirable and needless, yet fails often because people persist In making a nuisance of what was In tended as a comfort and a con venience. If the average person did not Iobo his thought for the other fellow, the moment he put his foot in the car step, it would not be so. All the little placard sermons tacked up In the car, supplemented by the con ductor's plaintive. "Move up In front, please," fall flat on the person sta tioned In the rear end or perhaps half way np the aisle, possibly reading a paper, while a score of others scram ble for a spot big enough to stand on In the consequent congestion at the rear end of the car, says the Omaha Bee. There is positively no excuse for this, though one might suppose from its conventionality that there was. The indictment brought against the cat by the United States biological sur vey may strike many persons as rath er too sweeping. According to these experts the cat is neither harmless nor necessary, but a nuisance and danger, says the Providence Journal. It octroys the songbirds, and lets the rats and mice alone. It Is a carrier of disease, since even when it has a comfortable home it will go abroad to mingle with the pariahs of its kind. It cares nothing for its owner and Is ungrateful for the attention it receives. All this is, in a sense, a twice told tale, familiar in the mouths of the cat's enemies. But when the government tells It the attention of the most skeptical must be arrested. There is nothing the various depart ments and bureaus at Washington do not know. Yet the cat will retain eome friends in spite of this scath ing accusation. It is perfectly true, of course, that the cat is the great est foe the birds have. It is also true that the pampered domestic pet does not much concern itself with vermin. It is also true that disease may easily be transmitted by the cat's fur. But the extermination of the cat seems to me rather a heavy penalty to impose for its sins against society. There is reason to believe that man is in part responsible for these. It was a practice among the an cients to prescribe eating the livers of animals for patients whose livers were diseased, and eating the lungs of ani mals for patients who were consump tives. Modern medical men have been disposed to regard the practice as fantastic, but at the medical congress which came to a close recently In Paris a Roumanian doctor said the practice was rational. The principle underlying it, he argued. Is that each organ, contains a special chemical com pound. He went on to declare that this compound extracted and Injected Into a living organism goes straight to th repair of the corresponding or gan, strengthening and reinforcing it and increasing its bulk. It Is the belief of the public health ervice that the health of the travel ing public generally is menaced by "the constant movement of persons af flicted with tuberculosis and other con tagious diseases." Obviously this problem and others of a similar char acter can be handled only by the fed ral officials, for reliance upon widely differing state health rsgulations, no matter how honestly drawn or how rigidly enforced, could not possibly result in thorough security to the people at large. The railroads are. par excellence, interstate industries, end necessarily must be among the first to feel the heavy hand from Washington. A German soldier recently was sen tenced to six months imprisonment for obtaining a leave of absence on the plea of attending a hale and hearty grandmother's funeral. The small boy baseball "fans" in this country will probably shudder a thangsgiving that they are not in the German army. . A New York girl walked down the street in her sleep clad in pink pa jamas, and a policeman followed her 17 blocks before he was convinced she was a somnambulist. He must have taken her for an actress pulling a press stunt. Boys of Kansas now average an inch taller than their fathers, which may be due to the improved methods of ir rigation practiced by the present gen eration. - ' v - CONGRESS HEARS SEGONDJESSAGE President Tells of Treasury and Army Affairs. PHILIPPINES ARE INCLUDED Bill for Natives Independennce De nounced as Premature Progress of Panama Canal. "Waatiingrton. Dec . Congress today re ceived from President Taft the second of hi messages to .the short session. M deals with fiscal, military, insular and Judicial affairs and in part Is as follows: The condition of the country with ref erence to business could hardly be better. While the four years of the administra tion now drawing to a close have not de veloped great speculative expansion or a wide field of new investment, the recov ery and progress made from the depress ing conditions following the panic of 1907 have been steady and the improvement has been clear and easily traced in the statistics. The business of the country Is now on m solid basis. Credits are not unduly extended and every phase of the situation seems in a state of prepared ness for a period of unexampled prosper ity. Manufacturing concerns are running at their full capacity and the demand for labor was never so constant and growing. The foreign trade of the country for this year will exceed $4,000,000,000, while the balance in our favor that of the excess of exports over imports will exceed $500, 000,000. More than half our exports are manufactures or partly manufactured material, while our exports of farm pro ducts do not show the same Increase of domestic consumption. It is a year of bumper crops; the total money rvalue of farm products will exceed $9,500,000,000. It is a year when the bushel or unit price of agricultural products has gradually fallen, and yet the total value of the en tire crop Is greater by over $1,000,000,000 than we have known in our history. Condition of the Treasury. The condition of the treasury is very satisfactory. The total Interest-bearing debt is $963,777,770. of which $134,631,980 con. stlute the Panama canal loan. The non-interest-bearing debt is $378,301,254.90. In cluding $346,671,016 of greenbacks. We have in the treasury $150,000,000 in gold coin as a reserve against the outstanding green backs; and in addition we have a cash balance in the treasury as a general fund of $167,152,478.99. or an Increase of $25,975, 652 over the general fund last year. Receipts and Expenditures. For three years the expenditures of the government have decreased under the in fluence of an effort to economize. This year presents an apparent exception. The estimate by the secretary of the treasury of the ordinary receipts, exclusive of pos tal revenues, for the year ending June 30, 1914. indicates that they will amount to $170,000,000. The sum of the estimates of the expenditures for that same year, exclusive of Panama canal disbursements and postal disbursements payable from postal revenues is $732,000,000, indicating a deficit of $22,000,000. For the year ending June 30. 1913. similarly estimated receipts were $ti7. 000.000, while the total corre sponding estimate of expenditures for that year, submitted through the secretary of the treasury to congress, amounted to JrSfl.OOO.OOO. This shows an increase of $76,000,000 In the estimates for 1914 over the total estimates of 1913. This is due to an increase of $".000,000 in the estimate for rivers and harbors for the next year on projects and surveys authorized by congress ; to an Increase under the new pension bill of $32,500,000; and to an in crease In the estimates for expenses of the navy department of $24,000,000. The estimate for the navy department for the year 1913 Included two battleships. Con gross made provision for only one battle ship, and therefore the navy department has deemed -it necessary and proper to make an estimate which includes the first year's expenditure for three battleships In addition to the amount required for work on the uncompleted ships now under construction. In addition to the natural Increase In the expenditures for the un completed ships, and the additional bat tleship estimated for, the other increases are due to the pay required for 4,000 cr more additional enlisted men in th navy, and to this must be added the additional cost of construction Imposed by tho change in the eight-hour law which makes It applicable to ships built In pri vate shipyards. With the exceptions of these three Items, the estimates show a reduction this year below the total estimates for 1913 of more than $5,000,000. The estimates for Panama canal con struction for 1914 are $17,000,000 less than for 1913. The president then explained at some length the national reserve association system recommended by the monetary commission and urged congress to ex amine the plan impartially from all standpoints and then to adopt some plan which will secure the benefits de sired. Concerning th tariff he had little to say in view of th fact that a new con gress has been elected on a platform of tariff for revenue only. Army Reorganization. Our small army now consists of S3.S09 men, excluding the 5.000 Philippine scouts. Leaving out of consideration the coast artillery force, whose position is fixed in our various seaco&st defenses, and the present garrisons of our various Insular possessions, we have today within tho continental United States a mobile army of only about 35.000 men. This little force must be still further drawn upon to sup ply the new garrisons for the great naval base which is being established at Pearl Harbor, In the Hawaiian islands, and to protect the locks now rapidly approaching completion at Panama. The forces re maining in the United States are now scattered In nearly fifty posts, situated for a variety of historical reasons In twenty-four states. These posts contain only fractions of regiments, averaging less than 700 men each. In time of peace It has been our historical policy to ad minister these units separately by a. geo graphical organisation. In other words, our army in time of peace has never been a united organization but merely scat tered groups of com pan! os. battalions and regiments, and the first task. In time of war has been to create out of these scat tered units an array fit for effective team work and co-operation. Thne He Vent. Ah. remarked Miss Weary, whom Mr. Stsylate had been boring with old conundrums, "that last one .re minds me of the best thins Going " "What's that?" he asked, eagerly. , MA man who has stayed too long. Catholic Standard and Times. ' Ambiguous. Maud What kind of a man did Car oline marry? Beatrix The kind who can come home from Europe with money in his pocket To tlw tmalc of meeting1 these patent defects, the -wsx department has been ad dressing itself during: the past year. A comprehensive plan of reorganization was prepared by the war college division of the general staff. This plan . was thor oughly discussed last summer at a merles of open conferences held by the secretary of war- and attended by represerstattves from all branches of the army and from congress. In printed form It has been distributed to members of congress and throughout the army and the national guard, and widely through institutions of learning and elsewhere In the United States. In it, for the first time, we have a tentative chart for future progress. The National Guard.. TJnder existing law the national guard constitutes, after the regular army, the first line of national defense. Its or ganisation, discipline, training, and 'equip ment, under recent legislation, have been assimilated, as far as possible, to those of the regular army, and its practical efficiency, under the effect of this train ing, has very greatly Increased. Our citi zen soldiers under present conditions have reached a stage of development be yond which they cannot reasonably be asked to go without further direct as sistance in the form of pay from the fed eral government. On the other hand, such pay from the national treasury would not be justified unless It produced a proper equivalent in additional efficiency on the part of the national guard. The organized militia today cannot be ordered outside of the limits of the United States, and thus cannot lawfully be used for general mili tary purposes. The officers and men are ambitious and . eager to make themselves thus available and to become an efficient national reserve of citizen soldiery. They are the only force of trained men, other than the regular army, upon which we can rely. The so-called military pay bill. In the form agreed on between the au thorities of the war department and the representatives of the national guard, in my opinion adequately meets these con ditions and offers a proper return for the pay which it is proposed to give to the national guard. I believe that its enact ment into law would be a very long step toward providing this nation with a first line of citizen soldiery, upon which its main reliance must depend In case of any national emergency. Plans for the or ganization of the national guard Into tac tical divisions, on the same lines as those adopted for the regular army, are being formulated by the war college division of the general staff. Porto Rico. Mr. Taft says, continues to show notable progress and he urges the senate to pass the bill granting the Porto Ricans American citizenship. Philippines. A bill Is pending in congress, - con tinues the message, which revolution izes the carefully worked out scheme of government under which the Philip pine islands are now governed and which proposes to render them virtu ally autonomous at once and absolutely independent in eight years. Such a proposal can only be founded on the assumption that we have now dis charged our trusteeship to the Filipino people and our responsibility for them to the world, and that they are now prepared for self-government as well as national sovereignty. A thorough and unbiased knowledge of the facts clearly shows that these assumptions are absolutely with justification. As to this. I believe that .there is no sub stantial difference of opinion among any of those who have had the respon sibility of facing Philippine problems in the administration of the islands, and I believe that no one to whom the future of this people Is a responsible concern can countenance a policy fraught with the direst consequences to those on whose behalf It is osten sibly urged. In t..e Philippine islands we have embarked upon an experiment unprece dented in dealing with dependent peoples. We are developing there conditions exclusively for their own welfare. We' found an archipelago containing 24 tribes and races, speak ing a great variety of languages, and with a population over 80 per cent, of which could neither read nor write. Through the unifying forces of a common education. of commercial and economic development, and of gradual participation In local self-government we are endeavoring to evolve a homogeneous people fit to determine, when the time arrives, their own destiny. We are seeking to arouse a national spir it and not, as under the older colonial theory, to suppress such a spirit. The character of the work we have been do ing is keenly recognized in the Orient, and our success thus far followed with not a little envy by those who. initiating the same policy, find themselves hamp ered by conditions grown up in earlier days and under different theories of ad ministration. But our work is far from done. Our duty to the Filipinos is far from discharged.. Over half a million Fili pino students are now in the Philippine schools helping to mold the men of the future Into a homogeneous people, but there still remain more than a million Filipino children of school age yet to be reached. Freed from American control the integrating forces of a common edu cation and a common language will cease and the eucational system now well start ed will slip back into inefficiency and dis order. An enormous Increase in the commer cial development of the islands has been made since they were virtually granted full access to our markets three years ago, with e ery prospect of increasing development and diversified Industries. Freed frn American control such devel opment is bound to decline. Every ob server speaks of the great progress In public works for the benefit of the Fili pinos, of hart or Improvements, of road and railways, of Irrigation and artesian wells, public buildings, and better means of communication. Cut large parts of the Islands are still unreached, still even unexplored, roads and railways are need ed in many parts, irrigation systems are still to be Installed and wells to be driven. Whole villages and towns are still with out means of communication other than almost Impassible roads and trails. Even the great progress in sanitation, which has successfully suppressed smallpox, the bubonic plague, and Asiatic cholera, has found the cause of and a cure for beri beri, has segregated the lepers, has help ed to make Manila the most healthful city In the Orient, and to free life throughout the whole archipelago from Its former dread diseases, is nevertheless incom plete In many essentials of permanence In sanitary policy. Even more remains to be accomplished. If freed from Ameri can control sanitary progress Is bound to be arrested and all -thai, has been achiev ed likely to be lost. If the task we have undertaken Is high er than that assumed by other nations its accomplishment must demand even more patience. .We must not forget that we $ The Real Boss. "Well, which one of the newly mar ried pair Is boss?" "No one can tell." -Why not?" "Her .mother . is yisiting them at present - The Topic "What Is being; most discussed Is the homes of the nations just now? The tariff?" ; "No; I think fall housecleaning is just now on the carpet found the Filipinos wholly untrained to government. Up to our advent all other experience sought to repress rather than encourage political power. It takes long time and much experience to ingrain po litical habits of steadiness and efficiency. Popular self-government ultimately must rest upon common habits of thought and upon a reasonably developed public opin ion. No such foundations for self-government, let alone independence, are now present in the Philippine Islands. Disre garding even their racial heterogeneity and the lack of ability to think as a na tion. It la sufficient to point out that un der liberal franchise privileges only about S per cent, of the Filipinos vote and only C per cent, of the people are said to read the public press. To confer Independence upon the Filipinos now is. therefore, to subject the great mass of their people to the dominance of an oligarchical and, probably, exploiting minority.' Such a course will be aa cruel to those people as It would be shameful to us. Our true course Is to pursue , steadily and courageously the path we have thus far followed; to guide the Filipinos into self-sustaining pursuits; to continue the cultivation of sound : political habits through education and political practice; to encourage the diversification of indus tries, and to realize the advantages of their Industrial education by conserva tively approved co-operative methods, at once checking the dangers of concentrat ed wealth and building up a sturdy, inde pendent citizenship. Regulation of Water Power. There are pending before congress a large number of bills proposing to grant privileges of erecting dams for the pur pose of creating water power in our navi gable rivers. The pendency of these bills has brought out an important defect in the existing general dam act. That act does not. in my opinion, grant sufficient power to the federal government in deal ing with the construction of such dams to exact protective conditions in the interest of navigation. It does not permit the federal government, as a condition of Its permit, to require that a part of the value thus created shall be applied to the further general improvement and protec tion of the stream. I believe this to be one of the most important matters of Internal improvement now confronting the government. Most of the navigable rivers of this country are comparatively long and shallow. In order that they may be made fully useful for navigation there has come Into vogue a method of improvement known as- canalization.- or the slack-water method, which consists In building a series of dams and locks, each of which will create a long pool of deep navigable water. At each of these dams there Is usually created a long pool of deep navigable water. At each of these dams there Is usually created also water power of commercial value. If the water power thus created can be made available for the further improvement of naviga tion In the stream. It Is manifest that the Improvement will be much more quickly effected on the one hand, and on the other, that the burden on the general tax payers of the country will be very much reduced. Private interests seeking per mits to building waterpower dams in navigable streams usually urge that they thus Improve navigation, and that if they do not, impair navigation they should be allowed to take for themselves the en tire profits of the water-power develop ment. Whatever they may do by way of relieving the government of the expense of improving navigation should be given due consideration, but it must be apparent that there may be a profit beyond a rea sonably liberal return upon the private Investment which Is a potential asset of the government In carrying out a com prehensive policy of waterway develop ment. It is no objection to the retention and use of such an asset by the govern ment that a comprehensive waterway policy will include the protection and de velopment of the other public uses of water, which cannot and should not be ignored in making and executing plans for the protection and development of navigation. It is also equally, clear that inasmuch as the water power thus cre ated is or may be an Incident of a gen eral scheme of waterway improvement within the constitutional jurisdiction of the federal government, the regulation of ruch water power lies also within that jurisdiction. In my opinion constructive statesmanship requires that legislation should be enacted which will permit the development of navigation in these great rivers to go hand In hand with the util ization of this by-product of water pow er, created in the course of the same im provement, and that the general dam act should be so amended as to make this pos sible. I deem it highly important that the nation should adopt a consistent and harmonious treatment of these water power projects, which will preserve for this purpose their value to tho govern ment, whose right It Is to grant the per mit. Any other policy is equivalent to throwing awi.y a most valuable national asset. The Panama Canal. Touring the past year the work of con struction upon the canal has progressed most satisfactorily. About ST per cent, of the execavation work has been completed, and more than 93 per cent, of the con crete for all the locks Is in place. In view of the great interest which has" been manifested as to some slides In the Cule bra Cut, I am glad to sav that the report of Col. Goethals should allay any ap prehension on this point. It Is gratifying to note that none of the slides which oc curred during this year, would have In terfered with the passage of the ships had the canal. In fact, been in operation, and when the slope pressures will have been finally adjusted and the growth of vegetation will minimize erosion In the banks of the cut. the slide problem will be practically solved and an ample sta bility assured for the Culebra Cut. Although the official date of the open ing has been set for January 1. 1915. the canal will. In fact, from present indica tions, be opened for shipping during the .latter half of 1913. TCo fixed date can as yet be set. but shipping interests will be advised as soon as assurances can be given that -vessels can pass through with out unnecessary delay. . Recognizing the administrative problem In the management of the canal, con gress In the act of August 21. 1912. has made admirable provision for executive responsibility in the control of the canal and the government of the Canal Zone. The problem of most efficient organiza tion Is receiving careful consideration, so that a scheme of organization and con trol best adapted to the conditions of the canal may be formulated and put in op eration as expeditiously as possible. Act ing under the authority conferred on me by congress. I have, by executive procla mation, promulgated the following sched uel of tolls for ships passing through the canal, based upon the thorough rvort f of Emory R. Johnson, special commis sioner on traffic and tolls: 1. On merchant vessels carrying pas Both Alike, . "A dentist who wishes to change his business ought to be a gocd real estate agent." "Why so?" "Because he has had experience in making money out of ache-rs." Tact. , She (sternly) I hare a rod in pic kle for you. He (genially) If the pickle is one of those jars you fill so appetizing-. I shall welcome it, my dear. sengers or cargo. $1.29 per - net ton each 100 cubic feet of actual capac ity. 2. On vessels In ballast without pas sengers or cargo. 40 per cent, less than the rate of tolls for vessels with passen gers or cargo. X Upon naval vessels, other than trans ports, colliers, hospital ships,- and supply ships. 50 cents per displacement ton. -4- Upon army and navy transports, col liers, hospital ships, and supply - ships, $1.20 per net ton, the vessels to be meas used by the same rules as are employed In determining the net tonnatfe of mer chant vesselo. - Rules for the determination of the ton nage upon which toll charges are based are now In course of preparation and will be promulgated In due season. ; Panama Canal Treaty. The proclamation which I have Issued In respect to the Panama Canal tolls Is in accord with the Panama Canal act passed by this congress August 24, 1912. We have been advised that the British government has . prepared a protest against the act and its enforcement in so far as it relieves from the payment of tolls American ships engaged in the Amer ican coastwise trade on the ground that it violates British rights under the Hay Pauncefote treaty concerning the Panama Canal. When the protest is presented, ft will be promptly considered and an ef fort made to reach a satisfactory adjust ment of any differences there may be be tween the two governments. Workmen'a Compenaatlon Act. The promulgation of an efficient work men's compensation act. adapted to the particular conditions of the zone, is awaiting adequate appropriation by con gress for the payment of claims arising thereunder. I urge that speedy provision be made in order that we may install up on the zone a system of settling claims for Injuries In best accord with modern humane, social, and Industrial theories. Pro met ion for Col. Goethals, As the completion of the canal grows nearer, and as the wonderful executive work of Col. Goethals becomes more con spicuous "in the eyes of the country and of the world, it eems to me wise and proper to make provision by law for such reward to him as may be commensurate with the service that he has Tendered to his country. I suggest that this reward take the form of an appointment of Col. Goethals as amajor general in the. army of the United States, and that the law authorizing such appointment be accom panied with a provision permitting his designation as chief of engineers upon the retirement of the present Incumbent of that office. Navy Department. The navy of the United States Is In a greater state of efficiency and la more powerful than it has been be fore, but in the emulation which ex ists between different countries In re spect to the increase of naval and military armaments this condition Is not a permanent one. In view of the ma ny improvements and increases by foreign governments the slightest halt on our part in respect to new construc tion throws us back and reduces us from a naval power of the first rank and places us among the nations of the second rank. A year ago congress refused to ap propriate forirmre than one battleship. In this I think a great mistake of policy was made, and I urgentlv rec ommend that this consrress make up for the mistake of the last session by appropriations authorizing the con struction of three battleships, in ad dition to destroyers, fuel ships, and the other auxiliary vessels as shown in the building proeram of the general board. We are confronted by a condi tion In respect to the navies of the world which requires us. if we would maintain our navy as an insurance of peace, to augment our naval force by at least two battleships a year and by battle cruisers, gunboats, torpedo de stroyers, and submarine boats in a n roper prorotion. We have no desire for war. We go as far as any nation in the world to avoid war. but we are a world power. Our population, our wealth, our definite policies, our re sponsibilities in the Pacific and the At lantic, our defense of the Panama ca nal, together with our enormous world trade and our missionary outposts on the fuMitiers of civilization, requlrft us to rccoernize our position as one of the foremost In the family of nations, and to clothe ourselves with sufficient naval power to give force to our rea sonable demands, and to give weight to our Influence In those directions of nrogress that a powerful Christian na tion should advocate. Department of Justice. This department has been very active in the enforcement of the law. It ha been better organized and with a larger force than ever before in the history of the government. The prose cutions which have been successfully concluded aid which are now pending testify to the effectiveness of the de partment work. The prosecution of trusts under the Sherman anti-trust law has gone on without restraint or diminution, and .decrees similar to those entered in the Standard Oil and Tobacco cases have been entered in other suits, like the suits against the powder trust and the bath tub trus-t. I am very strongly con vinced that a steady, consistent course in this regard, swith a continuing of Supreme court decisions upon the new -phases of the trust question not already finally decided. Is going to offer a solution of this much-discussed and troublesome issue In a quiet, calm and Judicial way. without any radical leg islation changing the governmental policy in regard to combinations now denounced by the Sherman anti-trust law!. I have already recommended as an pfd in this matter legislation which would declare unlawful certain well known Phases of unfair competition In interstate trade, and I have also advo cated voluntary, national incorporation for the larger Industrial enterprises, with provision for a closer supervision by the bureau of corporations, or a board appointed for the purpose, so as to make certain compliance with the anti-trust law on the one hand and to give greater security to the stock holders against possible prosecutions on the other. I believe, however, that the orderly course of litigation In the courts and the regular prosecution of trusts charged with the violation of the anti-trust law is producing among business men a clearer and clearer perception of the line of distinction be tween business that is to be encour aged and business that Is to be con demned, and that in this quiet way the question of trusts can be settled and competition retained as an economic force to secure reasonableness in prices snd freedom and independence in trade. WILLIAM J I. TAFT. Two of 'Em. . "Yes. I was a great player in my day, said Jones.. "Made a goal from "Hhe kickoff. Can any of you beat that?" "I've done the same, you bloomln liar!" replied Brown Judge. - Its Class. "Unhorsing a rival in the "old days of chivalry was very much like a modern holiday in a busy life." "How so?" It was taking a knight off." ANOTHER SCANDAL IN NAVY INJURY TO A WOMAN GUEST- I BEING INVESTIGATED. Californian's Wife Taken Ashore From Gunboat Vicksburg With a . Fractured Skull. Vallejo ,CaI. A naval board las been convened at the Mare island navy yard to investigate an affair on board, the United. States gunboat Vicksburg, which resulted in the removal of Mrs Andrew Muller, wife of a. Vallejo sa loon man, in an unconscious condi tion from the gunboat. It -was reported that Mrs. Muller had fallen dawn the gangway of. the Vicksburg. The session of the naval board was held behind closed doors, with Command Richard Douglass of the supply ship Glacier presiding. - AIL of the officers of the Vicksburg were questioned, and a report of the find ing of the board was forwarded to the-department in Washington. It is alleged by the police of Val lejo, who conducted a separate investi gation, that they have evidence to show that Mrs. Muller did not fall down the gangway, as at first report ed, but that she was struck on the head by a beer bottle, hurled by the wife of an officer with whom she hpd been dining. A second woman, in cluded in the midnight dinner party,, it is understood by the police, is an employe of a candy store in San Fran cisco. The identity of the two of ficers alleged to have entertained the woman on the gunboat has not been, made public. KANSAS BOY SHOT FROM AMBUSH No Warning Given by Assailant of James Ecton, 11 Years Old, of Rosedale. Rosedale, Kan. Less than fifty yards from the lonely spot on the Roe Road, in Rosedale View, where Mrs Florence Barber was attacked and shot, the night of November 11 by a man. who has not been caught, James Ec ton, 11 years old, was shot from am bush at 8 o'clock at night. Young Ecton and his brother, Frank, 17 years old, were walking along the road. There was a shot from behind a tree and the younger boy screamed. A man dodged from behind the tree and ran across an open field towards a clump of woods. The bullet struck James Ecton in the right cheek, went through his mouth, carried away four teeth and came out the left cheek.' The wound: is not dangerous. FIFTY CENTS A POUND FOR STEER" A Chicago Store Paid That Price for World's Champion at Stock Show. Chicago, 111. Glencarnock Victor named the world's champion steer at the International Live Stock exposi tion, was sold to a Chicago department store for $815, or 50 cents a pound, the animal's weight being 1,630 pounds The steer was owned by J. D. Mc Gregor of Brandon, Manitoba. The champion sweepstakes lot of steer will be shipped alive to New York, having been bought for 14 cents a. pound. They averaged 1,189 pounds. LAKE STEAMER'S PEOPLE SAFE A Telegram Says That Tugs Are Re moving Passengers From the Easton. Duluth, Minn, A wireless message received by the Associated Press from the operator aboard the steamer Eas ton, which is on the rocks in Thunder Bay, Lake Superior, says: "All aboard safe. The steam pipes not damaged and everybody warm. We could walk ashore, but there is noth ing there but rocks and snow." WILL FIGHT RAIL VALUATION Senate Committee Is Opposed to the House Measure But Progressives Will Support It. Washington. The passage by the House of the bill providing for the physical valuation of railroad proper ties will be followed by a hard fight for the passage of that measure In the Senate. Leaders of the Senate pro gressives declared that the House bill or a bill even broader in scope was certain to become a law at this ses sion, providing President, Taft does not veto it. Kansas City Balloonist Home Again. Kansas City. John Watts. Kansas City aeronaut and pilot of the balioon DtRceldorf II in the recent interna tional balloon race' from Stuttgart, Germany, has arrived home. An Excelsior Springs Shooting Fatal. Excelsior Springs, Mo. Fred Borer, who was shot by a policeman while drunk and resisting arrest, has died or his wound3. Poles Eager for a War. London. A VienDa dispatch to tl-.a Eaily Mail says that as a result of the war scare the peasants in the districts bordering on the Russian frontier are blindly realizing on everything they' possess, turning it into coin. Noted Sculptor Dead. New York. Jonathan Scott Hartley, sculptor of the Daguerre monument in Washington and of monuments ami statues In many other cities, . died of appendicitis at his home here, aged 67 years. "