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VILLA'S CAVALRY PURSUING THE FEDERALS
ka::sa:js a thrifty people Have Reduced State's Bonded Indebt -II i.! i i J". -x .ir4-K"rrr ' J i rv. -. - ' i 4 V htt L - edness $497,000 in Ten Years, According to Census Report. Southeastern Kansans Begin 3,500-Mile Journey to AdVertise State. . Leaders in Washington Doubt Whether Trouble Can Be Avoided Now. Si'- (v TWO CAR LOADS OF EXHIBITS VAR WITH MEXICO ALMOST CERTAIN HUERTA GIVEN FINAL WARNING Further Refusal to Salute Flag Will . Result Seriously, Dictator Is Told Submits Question to His Senators. ' Washington. D. C. War with Mex ico 4is a possibility in the judgment of leaders in Congress who are more or less in the confidence of the ad ministration. This is so far true that grave ques tion is raised whether war can be staved off for more than a short time, even by the adjustment of the flag incident at Tamplco. One of the omi nous phases of the situation is the fact that Huerta has raised a vast ad ditional sum of money to support his government General Huerta Jias submitted to an executive session of the Mexican sen ate the demands of the American government for a. salute ,to the flag. No answer has been received by the Washington government of the result of the 'deliberations. With a majority of the ships of the American navy under orders to pro ceed at once tc the Atlantic and Pa cific coasts of Mexico, the United States government gave General Huerta final warning that unless a salute is fired to the Stars and Stripes within a reasonable time to atone "for repeated offenses against the rights and dignity of the United States," serious eventualities will re sult. It was learned that General Huerta, when apprised by Charge d'Affaires O'Shaughnessy of the proposed dem onstration of the Atlantic fleet, argued that the episode growing out of the arrest of the American bluejackets at Tampico is a fit subject for arbitra tion at The Hague and that he would appoint a commission to investigate the incident. President Wilson, In an emphatic reply through Mr. O'Shaughnessy, is understood to have told General Huer ta that the time for delay and eva sion has passed and that the Amer ican government will temporize .no longer. Administration officials hold that insults to the flag ana question of national honor are not subjects for arbitration. All information, official and other wise, that reached Washington from Mexico City tended to show that Gen eral Huerta was unconvinced that the United States was in earnest and thought the Washington government was bluffing. Some anti-American demonstrations . at Vera Cruz and other points were reported. Developments of the day here showed clearlv that a determined and forceful policy has been ' adopted by the President, which will be backed up by congress and enforced if neces sary by the army and navy. ATLANTIC FLEET ON ITS WAY Four Dreadnoughts With Other War Vessels Depart for Mexican Waters. Norfolk, Va. Bound for Mexico to force Huerta to salute the Stars and Stripes, nine American war ships steamed out of Hampton Roads at noon. When last heard from they were sixty-four miles below Cape Henry in a dense fog and with a northeast storm approaching. The ships are the battleships Arkansas, New Hampshire, Vermont, New Jer sey, the dispatch boat Yankton, the collier Lebanon and the' naval tugs Patuxent Sonoma and Patapasco. Every one of them carries a full sup ply of ammunition and provisions enough to last three months. The tugs are equipped with three-inch rapid-firing guns and carries a num ber of rifles, pistols and small arm ammunition. New York, N. Y. All preparations for the departure of the battleship Louisiana for Tampico' were completed early in the morning. Fresh vege- tables were put aboard during the night and with these it was said that thegreat ship was amply provisioned for a month's cruise. Philadelphia, Pa. The battleship Michigan, one of the Atlantic fleet, ,ordered to concentrate at Tampico, left the Philadelphia navy yard short ly before 4 o'clock In the afternoon. West Point Loses R. E. Lee. Newburgh, N. Y. Robert E. Lee of North Carolina and P. A. Hodgson of Nevada are among the cadets just dis charged from the United States Mili tary Academy for deficiency In their mathematical examinations. Germany Bars Pankhurst. Berlin. Germany has hung the Verboten sign on the proposed suf frage campaign of Sylvia Pankhurst. The" Enelish suffraeette had Dlanned to open her campaign in Dresden, but tha police stopped it.. General Villa's cavalry photographed outside Torreon as they were starting in pursuit of the survivors of the Federal garrison after the capture of that city. - ' . ' . FOUR GUNMEN DIE New York Gangsters Pay Pen alty For Murder of Her man Rosenthal. SPEND LAST NIGHT IN PRAYER Last Glimmer of Hope for Condemned Men Passed When Glynn Refused Reprieve. Ossining, X. Y. The four gunmen convicted of the murder of Herman Rosenthal were put to death in the electric chair at Sing Sing early in the morning. It had been planned to have elec trocized the men in the following or der: "Gyp the Blood," "Lefty Louie," "Dago Frank" and "Whitey Lewis," but at the last moment the order was changed, "Dago Frank" going to the chair first at 5:45 o'clock, "Whitey Lewis" following, "Gyp the 'Blood" third and "Lefty Louie" last. All the men were dead at 6:23 o'clock. The witnesses left the death chamber at 6:25 o'clock. No one was allowed to enter or leave wliile the current was being ap plied. "Dago Frank" tkas brought to the chair in a state of virtual' col lapse. He made no statement and af ter two shocks was pronounced dead. Frank Seidenshner, known in the underworld as "Whitey Lewis," died with a protestation of innocence upon his -lips. He was given two shocks before death came. Harry Horowitz, alias . "Gyp the Blood," died with a prayer on his lips, but made no statement. He was pro nounced dead a few minutes after 6 o'clock. Louis Rosenberg, known as "Lefty Louie," was given three shocks before he .was pronounced dead. Forty min utes were required to execute the four gunmen. "Lefty Louie" made no statement. Glynn's' Final Refusal. - Albany, N. Y. The last faint glim mer of hope that a reprieve might be granted the four New York gunmen passed late Sunday. In the executive chambei) of the de serted state capitol Governor Glynn head the final appeals of two attor neys for the convicted slayers, C. G. F. Wahle and H. L. Kringle, for a stay of the death sentence, and then again, forvthe last time, refused to in terfere with the execution of the sen tence. TWO DIE IN DODGE CITY FIRE Kansas Town Excited Over Tragedy and Fight With Motor Car Thieves in One Night. Dodge City, Kan. Two men burned to death in a rooming house fire, and the wounding of one of three fleeing motor car thieves, events occurring in one night, have aroused citizens of this city. The auto thief was wound ed by the night watchman at Minne ola, while the party was refilling the gasoline tank from the garage supply, into which they had broken. The three .escaped after abandoning the car, and posses of motorcyclemen are scouring the district for them. John Brown and John Burt died in the flames when their rooming house burned here. Both were labor ing men and had been in the city only a few months. Death in a Leaky Gas Stove. Guthrie, Ok. Mrs. Jacob Skelley of Cushing is dead and her husband Is In the hospital in a dangerons condi tion as a result of a gas explosion when she attempted to light a fire in a leaky gas stove. - Blew a Baby From a Roof. -- New York, N. Y. Left in her car riage for sun and air on the roof of her home, Gertrude Gibson, g months old, - was blown to her death. The wind drove the carriage over the edge of the building. SAID BECKER WAS INNOCENT ''Dago Frank" Made . Statement to Sing Sing Warden Before Going 'to Death Chair. Albany, X. Y. Shortly 7erore "Dago Frank' Cirofici went to the death chair in Sing Sing prison he told the warden, James Clancy, that "Gyp the Blood" Horowitz, "Lefty Louie" Ro senberg and Harry Vallon, an inform er, fired the shots which killed Her man Rosenthal, for which crime the four gunmen paid their lives. "So far as I know, Becker had noth ing to do with this case," the gun man also declared. "It was a gam bler's fight." Cirofici said he was five miles away at the time- the crime was committed, and "Wrhitey Lewis" Seidenshner, al though present at the scene of the shooting, did not fire any of the shots. Cirofici made no attempt, however, to deny that he was included in the original plot to slay. Rosenthal, even admitting that two nights before the gambler was slain, he went with" other gangsters to look for their intended victim. BRYAN URGES TOLL REPEAL Exemption Cannot Be Construed as Construction of Hay-Pauncefote ' Treaty, Says Secretary. Washington, D. C. Secretary Bryan in a statement" just made public lengthily reviews the Panama tolls question, and in the course of the statement declares the repeal of the tolls exemption in the Panama Canal Act "cannot be construed to be a con struction of the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty," but is "simply a refusal on the part of the United States .to raise that question in that way." Mr. Bryan dlScusses various fea tures of the subject the limiting of debate in the House of Representa tives, the Baltimore platform, and the effect, of repeal on the treaty. . Declaring that the opponents of the repeal had seized upon the charge that the President was "surrendering to England," Mr. Bryan declared the opposition to the repeal had attempt ed to appeal "to prejudice rather than to reason." CONDENSED NEWS ITEMS Unqualified disapproval has been expressed by President Wilson of the proposal in congress to curtail the anti-trust legislation program for this session. " A six days' battle possibly more desperate than that at Gomez Palacio and Torreon has resulted in a victory to the rebels, under Gen. Francisco Villa, according to an official report just made public in Juarez, Mex. Harry Matthews, the Bellingham, Wash., train - bandit, was shot and killed the other night at Lemmon, S. D. Before meeting his death the ban dit seriously wounded Police Chief A. A. Axtel of Lemmon. A' launch from the United States gunboat Dolphin' carrying the pay master and a small detachment of marines, put in recently at Iturbide bridge at Tampico. oiunet Hinojosa, commanding a detachment of Mexi can federals, placed the paymaster and ' his men under . arrest. They were paraded through the streets and held for a time under detention. Ad miral Mayo demanded Immediate apol ogy and salute of American flag. Feasibility of establishing a line of fast naval cruisers to carry passen gers, mail and freight between the United States and South. America was indorsed by Secretary Daniels, in a report to the senate on the resolu tion recently Introduced by" Senator Weeks. . Jane Est, a young woman sympa thizer with the doctrines of the L W. W.. at the Easter morning service of the Madison Square . Presbyterian church. New York, interrupted tie service and was arrested. SEVEN DIE JN BOSTON FIRE Blaze in Kitchenette Apartments Traps 125 Occupants Almost in Their Beds. Boston. Seven persons met death and sixteen were severely injured as the result of a fire which raced through-, the Hotel Melvin in Allston and trapped the occupants almost in their beds. The flames surged up through 30 kitchenette apartments and not satis fied with these already made victims, drove others onto small balconies, where fear forced them to leap out wards to death or injury on the pave ment below. 1 " The dead are: Mrs. E. C. Bemis, Mrs. F. C. Behrrel, J. Raymond Pow ersi) wife and 2-year-old son, Mrs. Alice Shackford and Miss Mary Con nors. ' i The fire was spectacular. The flames spread so rapidly that none of the 125 occupants had time to remove any of their possessions, or even to warn the others. Many, leaping from bed at the crackling or the flames and the rush of smoke, ran panic stricken to the stairs only to find them hope lessly blocked. DECLARE COPPER STRIKEOFF Miners Vote to Return to Work, Waiv ing Recognition of Union ,; by Companies. Hancock, Mich. The copper mine workers, who have been on strike since July 23, 1913, have voted to call off the strike, according to an an nouncement just made by Charles E. Hietela, district secretary of the Western federation of Miners. The figures will not be given out until af ter a ' meeting of the district board. It is reported that the majority , In favor of calling off the strike was 1,012. Recognition of the union, denied -by the mining companies, is waived by the strikers in voting to return to work. They say that practically all of their other demands have been complied with since the strike began. These demands included better work ing conditions, an 8-hour day and. a minimum daily wage of $3. WHITEHOUSEWEDDING MAY 8 Washington Society Believes Date for McAdoo-Wilson Nuptials Has Been Selected. Washington, D. . C. Although there has been no formal announcement from- the White House as yet of the date for the wedding . of Secretary McAdoo and Miss Eleanor Randolph Wilson, youngest daughter of Presi dent and Mrs. Wilson, friends who are In. a position to know, say Friday, May 8, has been tentatively selected. The affair is expected to be private, Mr. McAdoo's colleagues in the cabi net being practically the only guests outside of the two families. - . Anothei- Cut in Oil. Bartlesville, ' Ok. Another drop of five cents for mid-continent oil has been announced by the Prairie Oi and Gas Company. This Is the second drop of five cents within a week. Clew to Missing Steamer. St. Johns, X. F. Seal pelts, believed to have come from the missing seal ing steamer, . Southern Cross, have been sighted 70 miles south of St. Mary's Bay by the steamer Kyle. -. Big Fire in Grand island. Grand Island, Neb. Fire broke oot In the business district here and sev eral stores have been practically de stroyed. The damage thus far is re ported at $50,000 and the fire is be lieved to be under control. Louisville Releases Blackwood. Louisville, Ky. Manager Hayden has released Pitcher Blackwood, a right hander from Kansas. He pre ferred to keep 'Baker, a rookie, who showeu good form against the major league clubs. Special Train x of . Eleven Coaches Makes First Stop at Kansas City- 115 Men in Party. Southeast Kansas came into Kansas City the other night, -boosted itself for several hours and then hurried off to the East oa a 3,500-mile trip of ad vertising. A special train, 115 Kansas business men, two cars of exhibits and a band represent nine Kansas counties. . The wherefore of the trip Is plain. Kansas had a drought last year. East ern newspapers and trade Journals. told about it and made it appear that Kansas was in a bad way. But Kan' sas found itself with the biggest, bank deposits ever known in the state, found itself with greater prospects than ever before. Then Southeastern Kansas laughed and decided to show Itself off. It got Immediately at work, con ferred with railroad officials, looked at time tables, and sent experts out over the territory to gather up the best of what it had to show. Then It hired a special train of eleven coaches and laid out an itinerary in cluding Kansas City, Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Baltimore,- .Washington, Cleveland, St. Louis and other cities. . : OPERATORS SEE OIL SLUMP Predictions Freely Made that Crude Product Will Drop to Seventy Five Cent by May. The latest 5-cent drop in the price of crude oil, coming on top of the re cent cut, has caused the belief that the slump will continue and many opera tors are predicting that oil will drop to seventy-five cents before the first of May. The operators take the view that they are to pay for the extra tankage the big wells around Cushing have made necessary. They also be lieve Vat sin-ce some operators have extended themselves financially the old process of gathering them in is to bo prevented. 1 ' . Those close to the situation, . how ever, say that the drop was inevitable, the supply not only exceeded the de mand, but overtaxed all the facilities of the pipe line companies. "When the Prairie Oil and Gas Company sent out a recent warning against over-production, and as an evidence of good faith shut do.w its own wells, operators laughed and builded more rigs. Re cently the Prairie Company quit tak ing oil' from the Gulf ani Gypsy Oil Companies and took fifty thousand barrels daily from its pipe lines. Since the Cushing field caught its second wind, tremendous gushers have been coming in and drilling has been go ing on actively in all other fields. The Prairie Company simply could not han dle the oil and the only way to -make the operators quit drilling was to cut the price. ' New "Gym." Ottawa University has accepted plans for a new $30,000 gymnasium to be built this year. Work will be started April 21, which is col lege charter day for the university. A swimming pool will be a part of the new building. Horse's Kick Fatal. D. B. Garth waite of Furley, near Wichita, was killed when his horse kicked him over the heart while he was hitching it. He was 60 years old and wealthy. Combine to Sell Eggs. A co-operative egg selling association has -been organized by the women's auxiliary to the Lyon County Farmers insti tute. Under the central association vill be neighborhood circles. A maa rger will be employed by the central association to collect, grade and mar- let eggs on commission. The asso ciation is modeled after similar or ganizations in Denmark and Canada. School for Merchants. Five thou sand merchants have received Invita tions to attend the merchants' week at the University of Kansas May 5, 6 and 7, when the extension department of the university is planning to hold school for several hundred Kansas storekeepers. -X Educator Dies. Prof. Edmund Kel ley, teacher of mathematics in the Sumner County High School, is dead of heart disease at his home in Well ington. He was 55 years old and' had been connected with the Wellington schools many years. His former home was at Nickerson. " Wreck on Santa Fe. The engine of a Santa Fe passenger train plunged down an embankment near Sharpe the other day. The engineer and fire man remained in the cab and escaped serious injury. Three men were hurt in the wreck. His ' Conscience Hurt. Conscience stricken and haunted by fear of ar rest, he said, Horace Hollingsworth. alleged defaulting agent for the Rock Island at Tnron, walked into the of fice of Sheriff K. C. Beck recently and surrendered. The bonded indebtedness of Kansas, decreased from $801,000 in 1892 to $370,000 in 1912, according to figure Just made public by J. W. Harris, the director of the census. The floating debt of the state of $251,000 in 1892 fell to $64,000 in 1900, when it dlsap pearedaItogetner. In the case of funds - and . invest ments the securities show a marked increase, advancing from $6,695,000 in 1892 to $10,136,000 in 1912. The cash fluctuated" naturally during the period, ranging from $271,00a in 1906 to $L 423,000 in 1911; in 1912 it was $1,289, 000. ' The sinking fund assets were at no time sufficient to make an appreciable difference between the debt, less sink ing fund assets, and the total debt. The steady increase of populatian with the decline in the amount of the debt, less sinking fund assets, reduced the debt per capita very materially. In 1880 the total debt ot Kansas at the close ot the fiscal year, June 30, was $1,182,000; in 1892, it was $1,052,000; in 1894, it fell to $983,000, and in 1912 it amounted to only $370,000. The population of the state increas ed from 996,000 in 1880 to 1,740,000 in 1912. In 1S80 the per capita debt was $1; in 1892 it fell to $0.74, de creasing constantly to $0.17 in 1912. INCENDIARY FIRE AT 0LATHE Livery Barn with 35 Horses and Many Carriages and Hacks - Destroyed. 'j Fire believea to be of incendiary origin destroyed the livery barn of B. H. Sanders on the north side of the square at Olathe, and burned to death thirty-five horses. All the hacks, car riages and buggies were destroyed. The loss is $20,000 and insurance $10,000. The fire was discovered by Sheriff L. L. Cave," who lives at the jail, across the alley. The sheriff's son. Gail, broke open thetrear door of the barn and attempted to lead a Percheron stallion valued at $1,000 from bisstall, but could not do so. He threwyhis coat over the animal's head, jumped on his back, but the horse refused to leave and was lost. The only hearse in town was burned. The flames spread to the Hotel Olathe, a 3-story brick structure. About forty guests were compelled to leave hurriedly. The hotel loss will be about $2,000, fully covered by in- surance. N. The jail caught on fire in several places and the prisoners, a dozen in number, pleaded to be taken out. Sheriff Cave was prepared to conduct them outside, having all of them hand cuffed in the corridor. -H Councilman Dies. Councilman Sam uel E. Compton is dead at his home in Winfield as the result of a attack of pneumonia. Mr. Compton was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1855. He lo cated at Winfield in 1885. He was for many years principal owner and man ager of the Union Street Railway Com pany of Winfield and served as chief of the fire department. Two' weeks age he was renominated by the citi zens' convention for" councilman from his ward for the third time. -H ' - Careless Miners Die. Edward More land and Thomas Kiser, experienced,' miners, were killed near Galena through their carelessness in placing a charge of dynamite in a "hot hole," a Iiole in which a smaller charge of dynamite was shot only a few minutes bei'ore. - . -ft To Be. K. U.'s May Queen. Miss Winona McCoskrie of Chanute, a se nior in the school of law, has been elected Queen of the May of the Uni versity of Kansas. --c - -K Dies in Motor Wreck. Henry L. Grote, a farmer living ten miles north of Phillipsburg, was killed when hla itf a, o nlmi,oH from a J it- i I !ntr a creek, twenty feet below. His broth er Fred and Rineholt Dusing were in jured. The accident occurred near Stuttgart. Henry Grote, who was driv ing, was pinned under the car and his. neck was broken. . . , Masons Give Show. Under . the di rection of St. Clair Hurd of . Kansas City a minstrel show was put on at the new Masonic Temple in Olathe b the men and women of the Masonic Fraternity. There were fifty in the cast. The proceeds will go toward paying for the new $15,000 'Masonic Temple. . .- " Old Resident oTes. Frederick A. Bissell, the-oldest man in Lyon county, Is dead in Emporia. Mr. Bissell was born near Litchfield. Conn- May lz. 1821. He was for many years an elder in the First Presbyterian church. He had accumulated a considerable lor-, tune. - ) . -K Horse Tramples Boy. When Jack, the 4-year-old son of C. T. Pettit of McPherson, went to see a little colt the y mare kicked him and trampled his face. He was taken to a hospital, where his injuries were pronounced grave. i Timber Kills Workman. P. Harms, a workman in the ice plant at Hills boro, was killed, and J. Bachus seri ously injured when a timber fell while the men ' were putting in a boiler. Harms was 21 years old and unman ried.