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Western Kansas world. [volume] (WaKeeney, Kan.) 1885-current, August 15, 1914, Image 2

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015485/1914-08-15/ed-1/seq-2/

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the European begins
Refusal of Germany to Take Part in Conference of
Powers Looking to Mediation Followed
Quickly by Austria's Formal
Declaration to Fight.
Vienna Hears of Sharp Engage
ment With Volunteers
Along River Drina.
Russia Notifies Germany of Intention
n nnrf Intitaritv af Hep Small
Ally European Armies Fast
Mobilizing. ,
London. The Austro-Hungarian gov
ernment has declared war against
Servia by a manifesto which is one
of the briefest of history's momen
tous documents.
Germany paved the way for this
declaration by announcing her rejec
tion of the British proposal to bring
four powers together in conference for
mediation. Germany explained that
her ally could not be expected to sub
mit her acts to an European council,
as though she were one of the Balkan
This announcement preceded the
declaration of war only two hours, and
gave an exhibition of the perfectly
harmonious workings of the partner
ship between the two nations, which
stood firmly together through the Bos
nian crisis of 1909.
Austrian Welcome War.
Vienna. It is with a feeling of in
tense relief that the people in the dual
monarchy look forward to a war with
Servia. For several days it has
seemed inevitable, and war now has
been formally declared.
Whether the war will be confined
to the two coujftries cannot be said,
but the' feeling on this point in high
official circles Is optimistic.
Even certain knowledge that Rus
sia would intervene, however, would
not cause Austria to hesitate a mo
ment nor alter its course in the
Fighting Along the Drina.
The Militaerische Rundschau reports
sharp fighting along the River Drina,
w,here. Servian volunteers who at
tempted to cross the river were reso
lutely opposed by Austrian frontier
troops. It also reports that Servians
fired on their own river transports by
mistake, killing and wounding a num
ber of Servian soldiers.
Advices from Belgrade say that the
Servian capital is now located at Nish,
where the Skupshtina (national as
sembly) met. All Servians between
18 and 60 years old, able to bear arms,
have been called out. aioDUization is
proceeding rapidly, although the peas
ants, who will have to leave their har
vesting, are reported to be much dis
contented. .News of the formal declaration of
war ran through the city before extra
editions of the papers could reach the
"vendors' hands, and was greeted
everywhere with a spirit which might
be described as close to religious ex
altation. No News of Troops.
Vienna is absolutely without news
of the movements of the troops. A
sharp censorship has been established
over the press and all means of com
munication. An immense but quiet
crowd, which constantly increased in
numbers, assembled before the war
ministry. Cheers greeted the appear
ance of military officers and the min
istry officials. . "
Russia Mines Its Harbors.
St. Petersburg. Mines are now
being laid at the entrance to all
Russian ports on the Baltic. At night
all harbor lights are extinguished.
Shipping has been warned that Russia
Is about to invade Austria. The war
office has taken possession of all
western railroads. ,
The czar received & long message
from Emperor William urging thatit
would be least disastrous to Europe if
Austria and Servia should be permit
ted to settle their quarrel without in
terference. The czar immediately re
plied, rejecting the proposal, assert
ing that Russiai would enforce the in
tegrity of Servian territory as if It
were Russian.
France Waits on Russia.
Paris. The French government and
people appear quietly to be ' prepar
ing for war. The government is
simply awaiting the decision of Rus
sia. Troop trains are ready and rep
resentatives of the army are on duty
In the telegraph, telephone and post
offices. The average citizen has read
Austrians. in Canada to Return.
Winnipeg, Man. Partial mobiliza
tion orders in Austria have been com
municated to the Austro-Hungarian
consul here for announcement to the
subjects of Emperor Francis Joseph
in the three western provinces of Can
ada. ' r
. British Fleet Preparing.
London. The ships -of the British
fleet everywhere .are taking on sup
plies. AU the officers and sailors
ashore at Portland and Weymouth
were summoned back to their ships.
in the newspapers his general instruc
tions concerning mobilization; he long
has had his order instructing him pre
cisely when and where to report for
service. Large posters on the bulle
tin boards in the postoffices, city halls
and other public buildings will apprise
him of exactly the hour when his in
structions become effective.
Powers Try to Prevent War.
London. No details are available
regarding an. engagement between
Austrians and Servians reported to
have occurred on the Danube, and it
is not believed to have been of' im
portance. As far as the censorship
permits to be known, Austria has not
yet opened her military operations.
Meanwhile, diplomacy Is proceeding
with energy along two separate lines
to avert the war, if possible, and, if
that is impossible, to confine the con
flict to Austria and Servia. - First, Sir
Edward Grey, the British secretary of
state for foreign affairs, has proposed
to the powers a plan for joint media
tion, which, it is stated, France and
Italy already have accepted. Germany
has not yet replied and her acceptance
Is regarded doubtful. -
Sir Edward Grey explained in the
house of commons his idea that the
four powers. Great Britain, France,
Germany and Italy, co-operate in an
endeavor to arrange the dispute be
tween Austria and Servia on the basis
of Servia's reply to the Austrian ulti
matum. The second line of diplomatic en
deavor from which even more is hoped
is taking place at St. Petersburg be
tween the Russian minister of foreign
affairs, Serglus Sazonoff, and the Aus
trian ambassador. It is understood
that M. Sazonoff is making a strenu
ous effort to bring about a direct un
derstanding and that a solution on
these lines would be more agreeable
to Germany than Great Britain's con
ference proposal.
The Russian emperor who was re
ported to have postponed his Intend
ed visit to Finland in order to re
main in the capital during the crisi
has left, according to advices receive,
here. It is said Russia is urging Ser
via to give Austria the fullest pos
sible satisfaction.
An extremely warlike spirit prevails
In Vienna, where the evening papers
declare the Servians are only making
evasions and that therefore it is im
possible for the Austrian government
to retreat. They hint that even should
Servia accept the Austrian ultimatum
unconditionally, and offer to pay the
cost of Austria's mobilization, Aus
tria now would be compelled to ask
for new guarantees.
Paris Riots Against War.
Paris. Violent anti-war demonstra
tions occurred on the boulevards, ac
companied by the singing of revolu
tionary songs. Large forces of police
and mounted 'guards under the direc
tion of Prefect Hennion frequently
charged the crowds. Many persons
were knocked down and injured.
Troops Fire on Mob.
London, Eng. Recent developments
appear to furnish new proofs that Aus
tria is determined to make war on
Servia and the possibilities St a gen
eral European war seem greater than
ever have confronted the present gen
eration. The Servian reply to the Austro
Hungarian ultimatum was an accept
ance of almost all the imperious de
mands except that Austrian officials
participate in the investigation and fix
the responsibility for the anti-Aus
trian propaganda. Servia proposed
an appeal to the powers at The Hague
for the settlement of that feature. Not
withstanding this humiliating surren
der, which was more than Europe ex
pected of the proud little nation, the'
Austrian government gave the Ser
vian minister, his passports, which
may be construed virtually a declara
tion of war.
Austria committed an act of war by
arresting the chief of the Servian gen
eral staff, General Putnik, near Buda
pest, but he soon was released by the
emperor's direct command.
First Clash Reported.
Vienna. According to a SemTtn ru
mor the first encounter between Aus
tria and 'Servia has occurred near Se
mendria on the Danube,' twenty-four
miles southeast of Belgrade. Some
vessels conveying Austrian infantry
are said to have been fired on from
the Servian side of the Danube and to
have returned the fire.
Vienna. Baron Von Giesl de Gies
lingen, the Austro-Hungarian minister
at Belgrade, has been instructed to
leave Servia with the entire legation
staff if the Servian government does
not notify him that it agrees without
delay to comply with the demands of
Austria's note.
Excitement in Chicago.
Chicago, 111. Excitement seized Chi
cago's Austrian and Servian citizens
when news of the declaration of war
was flashed among them. Many will
return to their native land as individ
uals, choosing the quickest and safest
England is Gloomy.
London. The developments of the
day were received with the deepest
gloom. The immediate effect of the
war cloud is likely to be a compro
mise on home rule.
.o 730,000 vaooMo , 000,000
General European Struggle
Would Make Wars of Na
poleonic Era Small. '
Little Country Has Large Army of
Veteran Fighters Germany's Won
- derful War Machine In Readi
, ness to Begin War at a
Moment's Notice.
Americans unacquainted with the
elaborate military organizations of for-
eign powers can have but little idea of
uciucuuuub iiuiuucr ul WliiUaLaULa
who would be involved in any general
European war which might arise from
Austria's imbroglio with Servia. Aus
tria, large as she is in territory and
population, does not outnumber Servia
in available trained men so heavily as
might be expected. But the serious
ness of the situation lie3 in the fact
that, once hostilities between the two
principals begin, a general war might
be inevitable. And It is safe to say
that uot even the Napoleonic wars
rent the fabric of European civilization
as would a war between the powers of
the triple entente and the triple alli
ance. ...
Always supposing that Russia makes
good her reported threat to aid Servia
in case the Austrians persist in going
to extremes, it is believed that Ger
many and Italy would come to their
ally's assistance. In such a circum
stance, it is assumed that Great Brit
ain and France, the two remaining
powers In the triple entente, would not
permit their ally, Russia, to fight such
a serious battle alone. This might
mean the arraying of Russia, France
and Britain and possibly Rumania
on the side of Servia, and Germany
and Italy on the side of Austria, with
the possibility that the other Balkan
nations and Turkey may be dragged
into the quarrel.
Austria's Fighting Forces.
Austria's army is credited with-a
peace strength of 415,000 men ' and
1,880 guns, which the first-line re
serves would increase in a few days to
20,000 men. Behind these could be
mustered hundreds of . thousands of
men of varying ages who have had
some military training, and who would
fill the gaps in the field army. Little
Servia can mobilize all of her male
population trained to bear arms to the
number of 324,000 in a fortnight's time,
although she maintains only 36,000
men in time of peace. As Austria
must guard her Russian frontier and
leave some troops in the . great Slav
areas of her own territory to restrain
outbursts of revolution, it can be seen
that any army she might attempt to
throw across the Danube into' Servia
would not be of overwhelming
strength. Then, too, the Servian
army is largely composed of veterans,
with a splendid morale, and a record
of first-rate achievement in the Balkan
Germany's field army in time of war
numbers 1,220,000 men, and her en
tire system of mobilization and strate
gy is based upon an invasion of France
and a simultaneous resistance to a
Russian attack upon her back door.
Behind this field army stands an act
ive reserve of 600,000 men of the Land
wehr,. and behind them still 1,500,000
men who have had military training
and are available to make good battle
losses. Germany's strong point, as op
posed to Russia, of course, lies In her
superior mobilisation.- The vast dis
tances which Russian reservists must
travel, and the scanty railroads in the
czar's empire all tend somewhat to
neutralize the preponderance of Rus
sian troops. . -
On a peace footing, the Russian
army numbers 1,384,000 men of all
corps, distributed over her European
and Asiatic possessions. Many - of
these men would not be available for
use In a European war. But pillitary
experts concede that Russia could hurl
a great army of 1,500,000 men across
the German and Austrian frontiers,
these men comprising the regular Eu
ropean army corps and the first-line re
servists. Behind them, in turn, are
several million trained and partly
trained men, for use in making up the
ravages of battle and disease.
France, too, would be an effective
ally of the Servians on land. The
French army Is a different weapon
from what it was In 1870. The active
army within continental France - is
thought to number about 600,000 men,
and, although France's limited popula
-coooooo 2.00,000 ssocpoo
tion does not allow her the immense
amount of reserve strength which Germany-
possesses, the outbreak of war
would mean the instant increase of the
field army-to a strength of 1.300,000,
which might be still further Increased
by the recall of troops from Algeria,
and drafts from 700,000 trained reserv
ists of the second line.- - -I
. Strength of Italian Army.
The Italian army is more or less an
unknown quantity. Its value to Aus
tria and Germany, would consist In its
diverting some of France's attention
to her southern frontier. On a peace
basis, the Italian r army ; consists - of
slightly more than 300,000 men. The
field army in time of war would mus
ter nearly 500,000 men, and could be
raised by drafts from the mobile mili
tia to 800,000. Behind these troops
stand the territorial militia, partially
trained, forming what the French call
the levee en masse, more than 2,000,
000 men, mostly of doubtful worth.
Needless to say. Great Britain is not
expected to count for much in military
operations on land In a general Euro
pean war. Her allies would expect her
to smash or bottle up the German
fleet, and then lend her navy to assist
France in wiping out the Austrian and
Italian squadrons in the Mediterranean
and Adriatic seas. Doubtless, several
divisions of the so-called expeditionary
force of the British home army could
be sent over to France. But Britain's
most efficient help would undoubtedly
consist In attempting to destroy the
German navy and mercantile marine
and in blockading the German ports
of the North sea and the Baltic.
Where it would all end the wisest
wiseacre could never say, and the in
dustrial and economic havoc such a
war would wreak would probably set
the world back a half century, at least.
Its expense would run into the bil
lions, almost beyond computation. The
figures of armies given here, it must
be remembered, except in the case of
Italy, include only the active army
now In service, and the first and sec
ond classes of reserves. Every coun
try in Europe which practices con
scription contains additional millions
of men, young and old, who are re
garded as possible food for cannon.
Within a month between six and
twelve millions of men might be en
gaged. New York Evening Post.
British Sentiment Is
Not in Favor of War
London. England shows no enthu
siasm over becoming embroiled in a
war which might prove a great calam
ity to her interests. As far as opinion
can be gathered, sentiment tends to
wards Austria. This is based on the
belief that Servian Intrigues for un
dermining Austria by a Pan-Slav move
ment have been so open that no nation
could tolerate them and in the present
exuberant state of Servian national
pride only the sharpest and most per
emptory measures could have any ef
fect. One result of the sudden threat of
international complications is to thrust
Ireland from the center of the stage.
It may even force the British factions
to a compromise, which even the king
could not accomplish, and a general
election under the present circum
stances appears out of the question.
It is doubtful if even the government's
bitterest enemies would want a change
in the cabinet and the upheaval of a
fierce political campaign while the na
tion needs to keep a cool head and
free hands for the protection of its
European position.
U .S- to Remain Neutral
in Servia-Austrian Crisis
- Washington. In accord with a pol
icy of absolute neutrality, should the
Austro-Servian crisis develop Into
war, any attempt by any of the Inter
ested powers to purchase American
warships would be promptly turned
down by the United States, in the
opinion of officials here.
It was pointed out that the recent
sale of the battleships Mississippi and
Idaho to Greece could in no manner
serve as a precedent for further sale
of ships to any European government.
These battleships were misfits in the
American navy and on that account
congress consented to their sale.
President Wilson might issue a proc
lamation of neutrality which would
cleverly set forth Just .what commerce
would be permitted between this coun
try and the parties of the conflict
which European chancellories fear is
imminent. -
"Holy Hay," or Sainfoin.
Sainfoin', in common with the clo
vers. Is a member of the natural order
Leguminosae. ' It has been known and
cultivated as a fodder crop for over
200 years, having been Introduced Into
Great Britain about the middle of the
seventeenth century, from France, un
der the name of "Flnergrass." The
name "Sainfoin, by which it Is com
monly known, is a corruption of "Saint
foin," or "holy bay.-
Bombardment of Servian Capi
' tal Follows Attempt to
Destroy Bridge.
Czar Refuses to Treat With Kaiser
lAfter Occupation of Ally's Terri-
tory St. Petersburg Excited
Over War News.
London. A Vienna dispatch to h
Exchange Telegraph Company says:
"After a heavy bombardment by the
Danube gunboats, Belgrade was .occu
pied by the Austrian troops."
- Vienna. The Servians, at 1:30
o'clock in the morning blew up the
bridge spanning the River Save be
tween the Austrian town of Semlin
and Belgrade.
The Austrian infantry and artillery
stationed at Semlin, in conjunction
with monitors on the Danube, fired
on the Servian positions beyond the
bridge. The Servians retreated after
a short engagement with trifling
Shelled by Monitors.
A small detachment of pioneers in
co-operation with the customs oflicers
captured two Servian steamers laden
with ammunition and mines. The pio
neers and revenue guards after a
sharp encounter overcame the Ser
vian crews and took possession of the
vessels and their dangerous cargoes.
The captured ships were towed away
by one of the Danube steamers.
A dispatch to a Vienna paper says
that three of the Danube monitors be
gan shelling Belgrade early in the
morning after the bridge across the
Savo had been destroyed by the Ser
vians. The shells wrought havoc in
the exposed part of the city, damag
ing the king's palace ,the fortifica
tion walls, the barracks and other
buildings. This dispatch says that the
Servians' did not return the fire.
Czar Calls Reserves.
St. Petersburg. An imperial ukase
Issued by the emperor -calls to the
colors an immense number of reserv
ists. ' .
In Russian eyes the . die Is cast.
Only a political miracle can avert
war. - . -i -
Russia does not swerve from its
determination to support Servia. Par
tial mobilization already has been or
dered. There is every indication that
the whole vast military machinery of
Russia will soon be set in motion.
Should Emperor Nicholas become
generalissimo of the forces, as it is
understood he will, an immense wave
of enthusiasm will sweep over Rus
sia. .. i
Fleets Gather Off China.
Shanghai. The British Far West
ern fleet Is mobilizing at Wei Hal
Wei, on the north coast of Shan Tung
province. The German fleet is mob
ilizing at Tsing Tao, about 200 miles
to the south.
United States to Be Neutral.
Washington, D. C. Issuance of a
formal proclamation of neutrality in
the war between Austria and Servia
will be delayed by the United States,
pending developments of the next few
Secretary Garrison to Order General
Funston to Send -Fred L. Boalt
From Mexico.
. Washington, D. C. Secretary Gar
rison announced that he. would direct
Brigadier General Funston at Vera
Cruz to deport from Mexico Fred L.
Boalt, the correspondent for the
Newspaper Enterprise Association,
who sent out a sensational story that
an American naval officer applied the
"law of flight" to Mexican prisoners.
A court of Inquiry pronounced the
story false.
"There was absolutely no truth in
bis story," Secretary Garrison said,
"and he had no reason to believe it
was true. It was a pure, sheer, reck
less publication and Boalt is not en
titled to be considered a reputable
The time and manner of Boalt 's de
portation will be left with General
- Festival Fireworks Kill 25.
Tudela, Spain. Twenty-five per
sons were killed and . fifty others In
jured, some of them fatally, toy-an
explosion of fireworks, in a festival
here. Most of the dead were decapi
tated by the force of the explosion.
Two Die at a Grade Crossing.
Burlington. Ia. Herbert Biggs and
Earl Murphy, members-of a. thresh
ing crew, were struck and Instantly
killed by an eastbound Burlington
passenger train on a grade crossing
one-half mile east of Glendale, Ia.
American Ships Hurry Home.
Gravesend. England. The American
battleships Missouri and Illinois with
a large nubmer of cadets from the
naval academy at Annapolis on board,
have sailed from here for Hampton
Roads after a fortnight's stay.
To Control
.. The stomach is
the controlling
1 power in all
matters pertaining
to health. This
important organ
often needs help
in its daily work
and it is then yeu
should try
Even when the worm does turn it
makes little noise in the world.
As Usual.
Englishman The suffragettes sa
luted the prime minister this morn
ing. -
American Did they Are 21 guns? .
Englishman No; houses. Life.
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
C ASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for
infants and children, and see that It
Bears the
Signature of
In Use For Over 30 Tears.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Still In Vogue.
John Vincent Honeywell, the veter
an, life guard of Bar Harbor, was talk
ing about bathing suits. "They tell
me," said the wise old man, "that the
girls '11 wear suits this summer to
match the eyes."
He added with a chuckle:
"Suits to catch the eyes '11 still be
popularr too." ,
Carelessness Cause of Fires.
More than 60 per cent of all fires the
coused by simple' carelessness, which
Is unnecessary and criminal. Repairs
to dilapidated buildings, the removal
all fire-breeding material, care in burn
ing weeds and rubbish, the placing of
engines at a safe distance from build
ings, the removal of oily waste, proper
ventilation in brief, plain common
sense, will minimize the danger from
this class of fires.
Law's Uncertainties.
- "When you poke a toad," said old
Farmer Hornbeck, philosophically,
"you can't tell which way he will
lump, nor how far; an' it is jest about
the same way with a jury."
"That so?" returned young Jay
Green, In a noncommittal way.
"Yep. For Instance, in the case of
Plunk Jarvis, who has Jest been tried
over at Kickyhasset courthouse for
pullin' out his brother-in-law's whis
kers by the roots in a fight, the Jury
discharged Plunk an' fined his brother-in-law
10 cents, the regular price of a
shave." Puck.
Snakes Got His Roll.
"I lost $325 trying to kill rattle
snakes, and now I am going to walk
back to my home in Brooklyn," ex
plained a man about forty-five years
old, who said he is Ezra Sellen.
Sellen said he started for a walk:
from his boarding place, encountered
a lot of rattlesnakes, killed some, fled
from the others, waded a stream, and
then missed his roll of bills. He said
he had Just money enough left to ride
to this city and took the state road
out of town. Middletown (N. Y.) Dis
patch to New York World.
Business or social en
gagement - just a few
minutes for lunch can't
wait for service. "What
can be had quickly?
with fresh berries or fruit
and cream. They will be
served immediately, they
are nourishing and taste
mighty good, too.
' Sold by Grocers
- everywhere!

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