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WESTERN KANSAS WOULD MILLIONS SOON TO BATTLE Vast Army of German-Austrian Allies-to Engage Russians While Another German Mass Strug gles With French-British-Belg; Hosts Along Southern Border. TO MAKE HISTORY Map-Will Change As Tide Battles Flows From or To Kaisermen. of UNITED STATES TO AID CHINA Will Preserve Neutrality and Guard Foreigners Note to Belligerents . War Tax Coming Sharp Eye on Shipping. ( Summary of Events. ) The Germans have penetrated France and Belgium. - The French have penetrated Alsace." Belgian-French-British allies have checked the German advance toward France through Belgium. German and Austrian armies have pene trated Russia. The Servians and Montenegrins have halted the ad vance of Austria into the Balkans. This summarizes the progress of the general European conflict since August 4, when England and Germany simultaneously declared war on one another. There has been considerable severe fighting between opposing forces of 50,000 to 100,000 on all the bordeis of Germany. Estimates based on reports from Brussels, London, Paris, St. Pe tersburg and Berlin, indicate that already 100,000 soldiers have been killed or wounded. Yet the mili tary experts assert these fights are mere skirmishes. History will not be made until armies of a mil lion on aside do battle. Two such battles are impending, but they will not take place before August 15, according to word from the theater of war. One of them will be staged along the French frontier; the other along the Russian-German border. Lesser engagements, but im portant ones, will take place near the Juncture of the Swiss-German-French borders in the Ural mountains, be tween the French and the German-Austrian allies. Little. Naval News. important naval engagements be tween the British and the German first fleets in the North sea have been reported and denied repeatedly. News dispatches have been so severely cen sored it is impossible to learn just what has occurred. After ordering all peaceful shipping off the North sea and out of the Eng lish channel, the British admiralty, four daj-s later, issued a notice that the channel once more is safe for mer chant vessels. This may indicate that the German fleet has been bottled. up or crippled. The French and British navies un doubtedly command the Mediterranean at this time. Not much has been heard from the Russian fleet. It is said tc be waiting in the Baltic sea to pro tect Russian seaports from, German naval attacks. While the United States is strictly neutral, .and is guarding the interests of Germany in England, France and Russia, and those of France and Eng land in Germany, the European war is having a marked effect in this coun try. Export trade has been crippled, imports have been cut off and it will be necessary to impose a war tax on liquors, tea and coffee to raise one hundred million dollars to offset the loss of import duties. Must Spare China. Wireless and cable commnnication from the United States is being strict ly censorized by the United States navy. Warships and revenue cutters are patrolling our coast and watching foreign merchant ships tied np in our harbors to guard against violations of our neutrality. Scretary Bryan has sent word to all the lighting nations giving notice that the neutrality of China must be re spected and that this country will t&ke steps to see that China is protected. It may be necessary for the United States to send a strong force to China to gnard the lives and property of all foreigners, since England. France, . Germany and Russia have withdrawn their troops. Japan cannot be depend ed on to aid the United States in this work because Japan may at any time Join England against German. Russians Scour the Baltic London. A St. Petersburg dispatch to the Post says the Russian fleet is actively scouring the Baltic sea. Twen ty cnptmed merchant vessels have been taken to Cronstadt and ta crews t?11 be removed -to the Interior as prisoners of war. Germans Burn Dead. London. A dispatch to the Standard from Maastiet describes the - whole sale cremation of bodies of German soldiers killed at Ltwge as to!l by fu "JTJUves arrfrlns tier French Entrench in Alsace. - Paris. According to late advices the Germans made a determined attempt to take positions occupied by the French outside Mnlhausen but failed. The Germans did not re-enter the town. It is officially stated that the French troops operating around Mulhausen captured a German armored train. As soon as the French occupied Mulhau sen they took seven prominent Ger man residents as hostages, in view of the wholesale executions made by Ger mans of French sympathizers in Alsace-Lorraine. Germans Burn a yillage. The German troops advancing through Luxemburg to invade France i have set fire to the forests, dug trenches and burned the village ef Merl. In an engagement at Arlon the Ger mans suffered considerable losses. Forty of them were captured by the French. According to the Le Liberte it is officially stated that the French never occupied the town of Mulhausen itself. Mulhausen has no fortifica tions or strategic importance, and moreover, the town has been mined by the Germans at several points. The French troops, which have been strongly re-enforced, are now en trenched near Mulhausen. All attacks on the French positions so far have failed. In Touch Along the Border. The French troops along the entire front are in contact with the Ger mans. At Mangiennes, northeast of Verdun, the Germans attacked the French. Verdun is fifty miles northwest of Nancy, or half way between Nancy and Mezieres. It is the capital of the De partment of Meuse and is also thirty five miles west of Metz. The French, re-enforced by reserves, then took the offensive and repulsed the Germans with considerable losses. Evacuate a Fort. Brussels. Important forces of Ger man cavalry with gatling guns at tacked regiments of lancers near Tirie mont, twelve miles southeast of Lou vaine. The latter routed the enemy at first, but later retired before strong re-enforcements. Fighting has been resumed on the front from St. Trond to Jodoigne. The German cavalry attempted to open a passage, but were stopped by the Bel gians. The following official announcement has been made: "The Germans have evacuated the Longdon fort at Liege and it has been reoccupied by the Belgians. The Ger mans also appear to have retreated at other points. Move Toward Stenay. Paris. The German advance is mov ing toward Stenay, where an attempt will be made to cross the Meuse river. The war office admitted this. It stated that frontier engagements were in progress at Longwy and Montmedy, where French forts - are located; t Longuyon In the Department of Muer-the-et-Moselle; at Maryville in the De partment of the Meuse, six miles southeast of Montmedy and at Virion In Belgian Luxemburg, fifteen miles southwest of Arlon. Believe It the Main Movement. This fighting is believed here to in dicate that the German mass move ment to force an entrance into France across the Meuse is being pushed. Are Thirty Miles From Liege. Brussels. Engagements have taken place principally along the line be tween TIrlemont and St. Trond and half way between Ezemael and Gus senhaven. There have been other en gagements near Tongres. " Tirlemont is thirty miles northwest of Liege and only ten miles from Lou vain, where the Belgian army has its headquarters. St. Trond . is twelve miles east of Tirlemont. " The German cavalry is reported to have been repulsed everywhere with loss. These engagements are regard ed as a prelude to a German offensive movement to the north of Liege. It is thought that they may foreshadow more Important fighting and a big bat tle in two or three days. ' AHied Troops Advance.' Brussels. The main allied army, composed of Belgian, French and Eng lish troops, has pushed its advance out of Louvain. Raiding cavalry columns have passed behind the German lines, burning bridges and destroying rail road tracks. The German forward movement is now toward the River Ourthe. Skir mishing parties are retiring on the main force. Defensive works are be ing constructed all along the German front. Cruisers Make Escape. London. The admiralty and war of fice information bureau gave out the following: "There is good reason. to believe that the German cruisers B res la u and Goe-ben have taken refuge in il r- Dardanelles and will be dealt with according to international usage. Kaiser Confers With Gerard. Berlin. Emperor William has re ceived James W. Gerard, the American ambassador, in the palace garden. The emperor appeared to be in a seriou mood, but confident. . RUSSIAN CAPITAL GOAL OF GERMANS Approach by Land and Sea Out lined by Expert. DEFENSE LINE IS DESCRIBED Kaiser's Forces Can Advance Through Either Poland or Finland, Both of " ' Which Are Decidedly Luke warm to the Czar. St. Petersburg would seem to be the goal of the German military campaign tn Rassia. It can bo reached both by sea and by land. On land the enemy could, but would not have to, pass through Poland, which, because of its importance, could properly be the object of a sepa rate campaign. The Invasion of Poland was found not difficult in the recent operations. Three years ago, when the whole system of national defense was reorganized, the western line of de fense was moved back to the east. Two army corps were transported from Poland and Lithuania into -central Russia, to the Volga region. Many important fortresses, especially that at Warsaw, were abandoned, writes Samuel N. Harper In the Chicago Her ald. Object of the Change. The object of this was to guard against the situation that confronted Russia In 1904, when her foreign policy in the far East had not found a corre sponding adaptation of her military forces to the new directions. Reservists of the eastern provinces were the first to be sent out to TROOPER TAKING LEAVE OF HIS FAMILY Manchuria. This fact was largely re sponsible for the defeat . ef Russian arms in the far East. ' his change in the line of defense on the west shortened the length- of the Hue. At the time there was much com ment to the effect that Poland had thus been left exposed because of the failure of the Poles to show more en thusiasm for a united Russia, but this was mere political gossip. 'T Reason Purely Tactical. The reason for the change was pure ly tactical; it conformed to the gen eral plan then introduced, of bringing the cadres more toward the center of the empire, in order to expedite mobilizati. n when the reservists should be called out. 7 Development of railways had as sured rapid concentration to the west ern frontier. By the reorganization the western frontier tn Poland against Germany was, in fact, more effectively protected. The last reports leave the German and Russian armies concentrating on Ladz, a large manufacturing center, about 60 miles ' in from the frontier, and about one-third of the way from the frontier to Warsaw, though not on the direct lino. The western line of defense was not altered with regard to Austria, but a larger force was concentrated at the Kiev center. "To the north and- northeast of Po land He the Baltic provinces. . Here, in the neighborhood of the frontier sta tion. Eydtkuhnen, the Russians al ready have taken the aggressive. Shortest Line to Capital. This is the shortest line from Ger man territory to the capital of Russia, 8t Petersburg la well defended from the sea Situated at the head of the Finnish gulf, more than 200 miles from the entrance to the gulf, it can be protected by defenses on the main land on either side.' . Kronstadt, which lies within view of the capital, has long since been aban doned as a means of defense. - Across the very mouth of the Fin nish gulf Is the new line on which the Russians rely to safeguard their capi tal from attack by. sea. This is the Revel-Sveabdrg line. Revel Is just around the corner on the south and is Russia's principal naval port on the Baltic Sveaborg is near Helsingfors, the capital of Finland. Islands Complete Line. There are small islands between these two points, which are used to complete the line of defense. - At no point in this line Is the distance be tween batteries more than 30 miles. It will be a difficult' line to cross. - Almost at the very month of the Fin nish gulf, a little to the -north, and ly ing between Finland and Sweden, are the Islands of Aland. Russia wished to obtain these Islands some years ago to complete her new plan of defense, but has not been able to do so. It was here that the naval encounter took place in which the Russians were driven back into the Gulf of Fin land to their main line of defense. The Germans now hold the position In the islands, which furnish cover and pro tection to them. From this, position they could land forces in Finland, along the Gulf of Bothnia coast. But Finland is a difficult country through which to make progress on foot or by rail. Why Llbau Is Important., Another objective point of the Ger mans has been the Russian Baltic yort of Llbau, although the reported bombardment here was merely-a re conroisanca Libau is one of Russia's most Im portant ports. Open almost the year round, being frozen up only in extreme frosts, it has become the great port of export for all the central as well as the western regions of Russia. It is one of the most important cities of the Baltic provinces and is an industrial center of considerable size. Any German advance on Russia's capital must first -pass through re gions the population of which is non Russian Poland, Finland and the Bal tic provincea where the population is composed of Lithuanians. Letts,' Es thonians. Jews and Germans. The nationalist movement in Russia has been directed against ail these its motto was something like "Rus sia for the Russians" these last years non-Russian elements of the empire. A short-sighted policy of forcible Rus Bification has not tended to arouse much loyalty among these various na tionalities. Germans Large Landlords. All of them, with one exception, have joined the opposition to the gov ernment in internal politics. The Ger mans are the exception; they are the large landlords of the Baltic provinces and have given many men to the high er official world, which accounts for the numhr of German names one finds in lists of Russian ministers, ambassa dors and other officials. The Finns are very bitter against Russia. Many of the measures by the Russian government in Finland, which have caused this bitterness, have been taken in order to strengthen the de fense of the capital from that quarter. Perhaps the extent of the Finnish protest corresponds to the extent and effectiveness of these measures. Fin nish protests have been heard all over the western world, even over here la America, GERMAN TROOPS MOVE FORWARD ACROSS BELGIUM The Kaisr's Army Entrenches South'of Liege and Cavalry Moves Around North. MOVE SEEMS TO INDICATE CHANGE IN INVADERS' PLANS Allies Believe- Attack on Brussels is Contemplated Russia Reports Ger man Repulse in East Prussia With Heavy Loss. Latest Dispatches. ) London. The admiralty and war of fice information bureau issues the fol lowing: - " An engagement is in progress north west of Hasselet in the province of Limburg, between a Belgian cavalry division supported by a brigade of in fantry and the German Second cav alry division, 2,500 strong, supported by a battalion of infantry and twelve pieces-of artillery. The German Fourth cavalry division is reported moving toward Jodoigne, in the Brabant province of Belgium. No German infantry is known to be on the left bank of the Meuse, except the above mentioned battalion. The Germans are entrenching at Vise. The forts are holding out. Germans Entrench Near Liege. The Germans are constructing, bat teries north of Liege, preparatory to a siege. ' Heavy guns already have been heard. The Germans are constructing a railway between Vise and Homburg, parallel with the frontier of Dutch Limburg. They also, are entrenching themselves in Liege. Huy, Marche and Houffalize are points held by German cavalry. Col umns of German cavalry are moving eastward toward the valley of the Ourthe. The French retreat from Muelhausen was well carried out. The proportion of opposing forces was four Germans to each Frenchman. The German field artillery proved far in ferior to that of the French. Belgian and French troops have ef fected a juncture south of Brussels. The German advance in the Belgian provinces of Limburg and Brabak has been checked. The Germans are bring ing up heavy artillery against Liega. Moving on Brussels. Private advices received in London from Belgium intimate that a German attack upon and the capture of Brus sels is regarded there as imminent. Citizens of Brussels show no signs oi panic. They have a full confidence in the ability of their army to hold off tne German attack, which, however, is ex pected by them to develop in great force owing to the necessity of the Germans pushing forward every avail able man to the French . frontier. Private messages which reached London on the contrary confidently an ticipate German occupation of Brus sels. Russsians Repulse Germans. St. Petersburg. An attempt by the Germans to occupy Eydtkuhnen, East Prussia, one of the points to which Russian troops were dispatched early in the war, has failed. The Germans, consisting of a detachment of infantry with artillery, were repulsed with loss. England and Austria at War. Washington, D. C. Word has been received here officially that England is at war with Austria. It is not stated which of these two nations was the first to declare war. HARVESTER TRUST LOSES Federal Court Orders international Company to Separate Into Three Independent Concerns. St. Paul, -Minn. The International Harvester Company has been declared to be a monopoly in restraint of Inter state and foreign trade, and was or tiered dissolved by a majority decision In the Touted States district court. Unless the 140 million dollar corpor ation submit a plan for the dissolution of the combination into at least three Independent concerns within ninety days, or in case of appeal withia nine ty days of the issuance of an appeal mandate from the. United States su preme court, the decision announces that the court will entertain an appli cation for the appointment of a re ceiver fo all the properties of the. cor poration. The decision of the court was given by Cirecuit Judge Walter I Smith of Iowa, with which Judge William C. Hook of Kansas agreed, and from which Judge WaUer A. Sanborn of Minnesota dissented. Foraker Is Defeated. Columbus O. Ex-Senator Joseph B. Foraker has conceded his defeat for the Republican nomination for United States senator. He telegraphed his congratulations to his successful com petitor. Warren G. Harding of Marion. 'Scouts Drown in Lake Erie. Toledo, O. James B. Ecker, 26 years old. Boy Scoutmaster, Glenwood Albert, 17 years old, and John Graves, 16 years old. Boy Scouts, were drowned in Lake Erie, thirteen miles from Toledo. : " . ; You Cannot i Arbitrate E Li th question of a Sick Stomach, Loss of Appe tite, Heartburn, Head ache, Indigestion, or Constipation. It is a far better plan to help Nature restore these or gans to a healthy condi tion with the aid of liOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS TRY A BOTTLE TODAY REFUSE SUBSTITUTES a nan ROCK COULDN'T FEAZE HIM Big Stone Bounded Off Irishman, But Killed Polander, Who "Couldn't Stand Much." Representative Michael E. Conry of New York used to be employed in the coal mines of Pennsylvania. One morning as he was going to work he met another Irishman all fixed up In his Sunday clothes. "What's wrong?" asked Conry. "Nothin wrong," answered the other laborer. "But what's happened?" "Nothin's happened. A man's got to show some respect for the dead." "What dead?" "Oh, that Polander I worked with died yesterday "What did he die of?" "A rock fell and hit him." 'You don't say! How big a rock was it?" "Oh, three or four tons, maybe. Them Polanders can't stand much. I purty near got hurt myself yester day." "How was that?" "The rock that killed the Polander hit me first, but luckily it bounced off." St. Joseph News-Press. Very Striking, Indeed. Representative Wagner, at a picnic in a charming glen on the outskirts of Waco, advised a group of young ladies to avoid the international marriage. "You've heard, no doubt," he said, with a smile, "of Lotta Golde. "Lotta was running down Interna tional marriages. " 'They're all alike,' she said. 'I have had three husbands. The first, Lord Lacland, slapped me. The sec ond, Comte L'Oignon, slashed me with a dog-whip. Prince Spaghetti, the third, hit me on the head with his fist. This proves that between all interna tional marriages there exists a strik ing, a very striking, resemblance.' " Fortune Hunter. "So Jack's married. Did he marry for' beauty?" "No, booty.", " Both. "Money talks," quoted the Sage. "Yes, and It stops talk," added the Fool. Cincinnati Enquirer. Any man who can hold a fussy baby for an hour without saying naughty words is in the same class with Job. Malaria begins with a chill and ends with a fever. Love begins with a fever and ends with a chill. Some matrimonial bonds are very good dividend payers. We Do the Cooking Vou avoid fussing over a hot stove Save time and energy Have a dish that will please the home folks! A package of Post Toasties and some cream or good milk sometimes with berries or fruit A breakfast, lunch or supper Fit for a King! Toasties are sweet, crisp b'ts of Indian corn perfectly cooked and toasted Ready , to eat from the package Sold by Grocer.