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WESTERN KANSAS WORLD
GERMANS MOVE FORWARD Steadily They Push Back French-British-Belgian Allies Almost to Brussels Capital to Antwerp Defenders Prepare to Make Desperate Strusrsle at Xainur and Waterloo. FRENCH REGIMENT HURRYING TO THE GERMAN BORDER GERMANS MAKING GAINS ALL ALONG LINES IN BELGIUM Brussels Reports Whole Front of 266 Miles Engaged In Battle. J - -MS FRENCH ADVANCE Tri-color Troops Near Strass burg Plan to Cross Rhine Into Baden Province. WAR DANGERS IN FAR EAST Japan's Order to Kaiser May Start Chinese Uprising United States May Become Involved Situ ation Delicate. ( Summary of Hvents. ) Germans. invading Belgium are at the point of capturing Brus sels, the capital. The machinery of Belgian government has been moved to Antwerp. Reports say the allied Belgian-French-British defenders will permit the capture of Brussels because it is of no strategic value, and will save their strength for the great fight which is expected to take place at Namur, a fortified city, and at "Waterloo, the famous battlefield where Napoleon's strength was broken. As the Germans are successful in the north, the French are suc cessful in the south, along the French-German border. A French invading force is almost within sound of the bells in the famous cathedral at historic Strassburg. Late reports say this force plans to join another which is working northward from the Swiss-Fronch-German border juncture, capture Strassburg and cross the Rhine. In order to understand what is the general plan of the campaign of lighting along the Belgian-French-German border it is neces sary to know approximately how the opposing armies are placed. Plan of Campaign. A German army of nearly two mil lion is stretched in a line 250 miles long, facing France. It extends from the juncture of the Belgian-Dutch-German frontier directly south along the Belgian-German border and the French-German border, and ends at the juncture of the German-French-Swiss frontier, in the Ural mountains near Belfort, France. The German host is opposed his full length by French-Belgian-British allies whose strength in numbers equals his own. The right wing of this vast Teutonic army invaded Bel gium and the left wing invaded France two weeks ago. Since then the right wing has ad vanced to the center of Belgium, af ter very fierce fighting every foot of the way. The left wing has not been so successful, according to all reports. It has been driven from French terri tory back into the heart of Alsace Lorraine. Careful estimates prepared from re ports of fighting in Europe, and be tween belligerent warships, during the last sixteen days, indicate that' the total losses in killed and wounded on all sides may reach 130,000. Only Curtain Raises. These activities were only prelimi nary bouts, curtain-raisers to the first historic battle of the war in which Germany and Austria are pitted against England, France, Russia, Ser via, . Belgium and Montenegro- What the outcome is will not be known for a week or ten days. Neither army will be routed, but one of them will gain enough advantage to move slowly forward into the other's terri tory permanently, according to the opinion of military experts. And while the struggle goes on, to the south and west of the German em pire, another is being staged between the Russians . and the Germans and Austrians in the east and northeast along the Russian-German-Austrian border. There have been frequent clashes during the last two weeks, -but these have been only covering movements foran Important battle. It is report ed from St. Petersburg and London that Russia has massed more than a million and is bringing up more to fight the Germans and Austrians, who have immense armies in the eastern field. Trouble In Far East. It is Impossible to make an accurate America Cowboys Enlisting. London. A dispatch to the Daily Teegraph from Paris says: "The re cruiting of a corps of Rough. Riders Is proceeding rapidly. Several Amer ican cbwboys and former American cavalrymen are among Us members." French Loss Is Heavy. Paris. The common talk in the cafes is that much French blood has been spilled on the frontier and, not withstanding the official refusal to ad mit the fact, the hospitals here are rapidly filling guess even as to what will occur in the Far East within the next two weeks. Germany will hardly heed Ja pan's order to vacate the German naval station and colony in China by Au gust 23. Japan is prepared to drive the small German force out. Grave fear is held that such action as this may cause an uprising of Chi nese against all foreigners. Chinese troops are moving too, and there is general uneasiness in the country. Japan has sent out assurances broad cast that she will not seize territory for permanent occupation, and partic ular assurances have been given to this country. The United States, however, is pursuing its much admired (these days) policy of watchful wait ing with shut mouth. Hundreds of tourist Americans are reaching home from Europe everyday. United States warships are distribut ing millions of gold at European ports for tne relief of those stranded abroad. Arrangements are practically compete for the transportation- and care of all other Americans now abroad. Pressed though they are with their own bur dens and problems, Europeans every where have been courteous and hospitable-; in France and Germany even taking penniless Americans into their homes. Gerrrfans Outnumber Allies.. Paris. There is grave doubt among many of the French military experts whether the allies in Belgium will be able to do much more than check the German advance. The number of troops sent across the frontier by Germany is declared to be far larger than any information heretofore obtainable has suggested. From the extreme north of the Bel gian frontier down through Luxem burg the German forces are In posi tion. It is already plain that the kaiser hopes to crush the allies in one supreme endeavor and. then to hurry his fresh troops across Belgium and into France before re-enforcements can be withdrawn from the south. . Await the Great Battle. In Brussels there is no scene of rev elry at this time, for as this dispatch is filed it is rumored the Belgian capi tal is taken by the kaiser's troops, lured to a battle which now seems, as sure as fate, will be fought on the historic field on which Napoleon lost his crown and France her control of Europe. Claim Liege Forts. London. As far as the cordon of secrecy which the battling nations have drawn around the Franco-German frontiers will permit of guesswork, the great battle which promises to cast Mukden and Liao3'ang into insignifi cance has not actually began. Encounters are proceeding all along the border. They are heralded by both sides as battles and victories. In history most of them will rank as in cidents. Liege remains the crux of the con troversy. The German government has an nounced that the forts have been de stroyed and the defenders buried be neath the ruins. Destroyed by Belgians. Rotterdam. It is asserced here that the forts at Liege were dynamited by the Belgians after they had been evacuated. The action of the Belgians was said to be due to the arrival of Germany's heavy motor batteries. Germans on a New Line. Brussels.: An official announcement was issued by the war office that the Germans have pressed well in toward the city as one of the German cavalry camps was placed at Gembloux, just north of Namur. The report of the operations said that the German line now extends through Gembloux, Ottenheven and Velm. Sir John French hurried away from Paris in a racing motor car, and it was admitted he was going directly to the front, but whether to Alsace or to Belgium no one could find out. Germans Are Formidable. The German advance through Bel gium is being bitterly contested, but all information of the progress of the battle or the line bemg followed is Withheld for strategic reasons. " Joff re Leads the. Invasion. Paris. That, the . German army is being driven back through- Alsace by a French army under the personal command of General Joffre, commander-in-chief of the French forces, is indicated by an official message just made public. It is a report from General Joffre to the minister of war and it is believed here to indicate that the French plans for the invasion of Germany contem plate the capture of Strassburg and the crossing ot the Rhine at that for tified point. Big Cruiser After Germans. Vancouver, B. C. The British cruis er Newcastle has reached Victoria from the British station in China and is expected to start south soon to en gage the German cruisers Leipzig and Nurnburg. The Newcastle is faster and carries heavier guns. Foreigners in China Anxious. Shanghai. Foreigners throughout China' are' pervous as the result of the situation growing out of the Japanese, ultimatum to Germany that the kaiser must evacuate Kia Chow. r i i -V, 0.-feVV.W!... ST, France is hurrying her troops by the hundred thousand toward the German frontier and Belgium." One of the regiments Is here pictured marching through a village, with an aeroplane in advance as iout. SHIP BILL PASSES President Wilson May Now Ad mit Foreign Vessels to -, American Registry. TO RESTORE SEA COMMERCE Measure Is Designed to Aid in Avoid ing Paralyzing Effect of Great European War. Washington, D. C. Congress has passed the emergency shipping bill which will authorize the President to admit foreign built ships to American registry so that commercial fleets may sail the seas under protection of the American flag while belligerents of Europe are at war and scouring the oceans for prizes. President Wilson will sign the bill at once. Culmination of the effort to enact this legislation followed repudiation by the senate of the- conference report on the measure, which previously had been radically amended in the senate. As it goes to the President, the bill was the same as it passed the house more than a week ago. As finally agreed to, the bill, besides providing for the registry of foreign built ships, authorizes the President, in his discretion, to suspend provis ions of the law requiring all watch officers of American vessels in the foreign trade to be citizens of the United States, and requiring survey. Inspection and measurement of vessels admitted to registry by officers of the United States. The bill' fits into the administration plan to restore the trans-Atlantic trade paralyzed by the European war. It Is also designed to enlarge the American merchant marine. Already the Hamburg-American line has re ceived proposals for certain of its ves: sels now in American waters and the North German Llo3"d line has an nounced that it will sell some of its ships. Administration officials expect to see many foreign ships come under the American flag soon. In passing the house bill the senate receded from all its amendments, but subsequently passed a joint resolution granting permission to the American Red Cross to charter a ship which may fly the American flag. This provision was Included among the senate amend ments to the house bill but made a separate matter by this action that the registry bill might not be delayed. Opponents of the conference report began the final attack on the measure as soon as the senate convened. Pe titions were presented signed by thou sands of employes of the Cramp Ship building company of Philadelphia, the New York Shipbuilding company of Camden, N. J., and other companies, protesting against the proposal to ad mit foreign built ships to American coastwise trade. The petitioners as serted this would deprive them of a means of livelihood.' German Socialists Violent. London. A dispatch received bythe Central News from Rome says: "Fu gitives arriving here, from Berlin de clare that the Socialists are rising in revolt throughout Germany, following the killing of . their leader. Doctor Llebknecht." A Crescent, Ok, Banner Dies. Guthrie, Ok. Grant Norris, a bank er of Crescent, this county, is dead of heart disease. Princeton Head Gets New Job. New York. Dr. John G. Hibben, president of Princeton University, has accepted a position as head of the edu cational department of the Church and School Social Service Bureau, of which the Rev. Dr. William Carter Is president and the Duke of Manchester vice-presidenL A Moor Outbreak in Tangier. Madrid. The Spanish troops In Mo rocco axe being sent to Tangier owing to the outbreak of unrest among the Moors in the neutral zone. - -3 REBELS IN MEXICAN CAPITAL Gen. Obregon's Veterans Greet ed With Cheers. The City of Mexico. The national capital is in the hands of the Con stitutionalists. In accordance with a prearranged plan, General Obregon marched in with his army and took peaceful possessions of the city dur ing the afternoon. The citizens greet ed him and his soldiers with cheers. The evacuation by the Federals was completed and Constitutionalist troops are flow quartered" in the barracks whicft the government soldiers recent ly occupied. Sunday morning eight special trains left for the front, carrying a reception committee which will formally wel come General Carranza, first chief of the Constitutionalists, who will as sume the presidency as soon as he enters the capital. With the resignation of the military governors of the states of Chiapas, Vera Cruz, Tabasco, Campeche aud Yucatan, the last vestige of the old regime will disappear. The city everywhere was decorated for the occasion. SWISS SEEK LOAN FROM U.S. Minister Ritter Makes Representations to State Department in Behalf of His Government. Washington, D. C. Dr. Paul Ritter, the Swiss minister, again has made representations to the state depart ment in behalf of his government for a loan of gold from the United States. Switzerland, in a state of siege with practically her entire man population under arms, is facing a serious ques tion in regard to feeding her army. The Impression that his country might implicate the United States in a violation of neutrality by using the ac quired money as a loan to belligerent nations was declared preposterous by Minister Ritter. He said that asids from the question of national honor, Switzerland's domestic financial strin gency was such that she must have fluid currency to restore normal condi tions at home. CONDENSED NEWS ITEMS Preparations for calling a national boycott on eggs, beef and veal are under way, according to Frank S. Krause, president of the Cleveland "Thirty-Cent Egg Club." Krause de clared the move would force prices downward within three days. He has received many letters urging a boy cott, he says. The cabinet was in session with the President nearly three hours, dis cussing questions growing out of the European war. It was the longest session in months. Censorship of cables as well, as wireless was taken up, but no conclusion was reached. Government insurance against war risks of American registered ships and their cargoes was the solution offered by sixty-two representative business men of the country for the stoppage of American oversea commerce be cause of the European war. The pro posal was made in definite form after an all-day conference presided over by Secretary McAdoo of the treasury de partment, who called . the meeting. Practically all of the largest banking and shipping Interests in the United States were represented. R. Beecher Howell, candidate for the Republican nomination for gover nor in the primaries, and Republican national committeeman for Nebraska, was pelted with eggs in Omaha when he attempted to speak on a downtown corner. The fire department was called to disperse the crowd which had gath ered. Two hundred American Jtourists who were overtaken in southern Eu rope by the war, have arrived in Bos ton on the steamer Canopic of the White Star line. Some of them were destitute. at t i "im unit n -ttOTji CANAL IS OPEN TO COMMERCE Steamer Ancon Passes Through in Nine Hours. Panama, C. A. The Panama Canal is open to the commerce of the world. Henceforth ships may pass through the great waterway which established a new ccean highway for trade. The steamship Ancon, owned by the United States war department, with many notable people on board, made the official passage which signalizes the opening of the canal. She left Cristobal at 7 o'cock in the morn ing and reached Balboa, on the Pa cific end, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, having navigated the waterway in nine iours. The Ancon did not anchor at Balboa, but proceeded into -deep water in the Pacific beyond the fortified island, wihere she anchored in the channel of the canal until her return to Balboa, when she landed her passengers. The Ancon will remain at the Balboa docks for some time, discharging her cargo, this being the first commercial voyage made through the canal. The canal having been officially opened, it will be used at once for the transfer of four cargo ships which will thus shorten their routes. The private yacht Lasata, owned in Los Angeles, also will be transferred to the Pacific, homeward bound. WAS NEAR WAR WITH MEXICO Only Opposition of President Wilson Prevented Intervention by United -States Two Weeks Ago. Washington, D. C. How close the United States came to being involved in a war with Mexico as recently as a fortnight ago has been revealed by some high officials of the adminis tration. When General Carranza abruptly re jected the overtures of the peace en voys sent by Provisional President Carbajal and at the same time ignored diplomatic efforts of the American gov ernment to bring about a peaceful en try of the Constitutionalists into the City of Mexico, drastic measures were urged upon President Wilson. Many members of the cabinet, it is said, argued in favor of sending Amer ican troops from Vera Cruz to the Mexican capital to prevent the anarchy that then was expected to follow the failure to reach an agreement. President Wilson, however, firmly resisted all pressure, arguing that sending American troops even on a mission of order probably would mean war with the Constitutionalists. ANOTHER PRIZE CAPTURED Santa Catharina Caught by British Cruiser While En Route to South America. Rio Janeiro. The British cruiser Glasgow has captured the Hamburg American steamship Santa Catharina. which sailed from New York July 25 for South American ports. The Santa Catharina left New York with a million dollar cargo bound for Rio Janeiro, Santos and other South American ports. A subsequent report said that the ship had been taken to the Island of Trinidad, a British possession. The Santa Catharina is of 4.200 tons gross burden, 350 feet long and was built in Germany in 1907. No U. S. Surgeons There, Washington. Brig. Gen. Enoch H. Crowder, judge advocate general of the army, to whom a request of the Red Cross for army surgeons for ser vice in Europe was referred, has ren dered an adverse opinion as to the le gality of such assignments. Ponies to Aid Red Cross. Paris. President Poincare will sign a decree authorizing the race track authorities to pay over a part of the proceeds of the mutual betting ma chines to the Red Cross fund KAISER'S MEN CONTINUE TO PUSH BACK THE ALLIES Teutons Reported to Be Threatening Antwerp, Present Seat of Belgian Government French Advanc ing Through Alsace. (Latest Dispatches. ) London. A Brussels official com munication says: "Fighting is proceeding on the whole front, extending from Basel, Switzerland, to Diest, Belgium, and in these numerous contacts the more the opposing armies approach each other the nearer come the deciding battles and the more one must expect to hear of an advantage to this side or that. "In operations so vast and with those engaged using modern arms too great attention must not he paid to the operations in our immediate vi cinity. "An evolution ordered In a partic ular previously determined aim, is not necessarily a retreat. The engage ments of the last few days have had the result of rendering our adver saries very circumspect. The delay of the enemies" advance had the great est advantage for our general plan of operation. Asks for Confidence. "There is need for us to play into the hands of the Germans. That is the motive of the movement now be ing carried out. Far from being beaten, we are making arrangements for beating the enemy under the best possible conditions. "The public should in this matter place full confidence in the comman der of the army and remain calm andv trustful of the outcome of the strug gle, not dou'btful. Meanwhile, the newspapers should abstain from men tioning the movements of troops. Se crecy is essential to the success of our operations." May Be in Antwerp. The advance of German troops around and above Brussels and even into what are .practically suburbs of Antwerp, is indicated in Reuter dis patches from Antwerp, which report that- German cavalry have been en countered near Herenthals, 15 miles east of Antwerp, and also near Turn hout, twenty -four miles northeast of Antwerp and close to the Dutch fron tier. A- Brussels dispatch to- the Havas agency says that according to the Peo- ' pie the Germans again attacked Diest Wednesday afternoon. They appeared to have come back in force and bcm barded the town, whose inhabitants fled in terror. The German artillery also is reported to have bombarded Tirlemont. Marching On Metz. Paris. The following official state ment has been given out: "Latest advices are to the effect that the French army has reached Morhange (Morchingen) in Alsace Lorraine,' nineteen miles southeast of Metz. Our advance was very rapid in the afternoon beyond the River SeiHa, especially the central part of our line. At the end of the day we reached Delme, on one side, and Morhange on the other." ) Delme and Morhange are both small villages about the same distance, nineteen miles, from Metz. They are half way between Metz and Saarburg, which was taken by French troops recently. Whip a Russian Division. London. A dispatch received by the Marconi Wireless Press Bureau from Berlin says that in an encounter near Stallupohnen, East Prussia, August 17. a division of the German First Army Corps defeated a Russian force, cap turing one thousand prisoners and six machine guns. Many Russian guns which could not. "be taken by the Ger mans were destroyed. Hurled the Austrians Back. St. Petersburg. It is ofllcially an nounced at the war office that Aus trian and Russian forces fought for more than five hours along the line from Gorodok-Kuzmin line Monday and that the Austrians were defeated with heavy loss and driven back on the frontier. . Turkey to Stay Neutral. London. The Bulgarian and Turk ish representatives have again noti fied the foreiga office that these na tions were determined to maintain complete neutrality throughout the war. Bet War Is Over Before 1915. London. The odds are even at Lloyds that the war will be over by December 31. The underwriters have quoted a 50 per cent premium on poli cies to insure the payment of total loss In event of no peace pact being signed by the last day of this year. Government to Buy Ships. Washington. At a conference here President Wilson approved a plan to have congress appropriate $25,000,000 to buy ships to be used in taking American foodstuffs abroad.